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A Paper of Art and Literature.

Whole No. 263.

BOSTON, SATURDAY, APRIL 18, 1857.

Vol. XI. No. 3.

6 CLAPP & CORY,..... * C. BREUSING,.....

....... Providence, R. I.

« GEORGE DUTTON, J

...... Rocbester, N.Y.

: Pittsburg, PA

di W. D. ZOGBAUMUAM...181 Baltim

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Dwight's Journal of Music,

his noble, much deceived heart ; although he felt himself many a time in the character of Agatha,

the force of criticism and all too candidly per which certainly for a composer of his nature was PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY. ceived and owned the errors which he had com one of the most inveigling. On the other hand TERMS: By Mail, $2 per annum, in advance. mitted to his own harm, still his declining health, all that pertained to the popular, the purely natWhen left by Carrier, $2,50

and the neglect of thorough critical self-studies in ural element, as almost the entire part of SINGLE COPIES. SIX CENTS. his youth, interfered with that classical aspiration, Aennchen, (little Anna), is everywhere carried

to which he felt an ever livelier impulse, and of out in a wholesome, natural, fresh and life-like J. S. DWIGHT, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR.

which he more and more recognized the necessi manner, without any halfnesses or too great tenEDWARD L. BALCH, PRINTER.

ty. The rusty, homely rococo critics of the time dency to darling turns. On the other hand, a P OFFICE, No. 21 School Street, Boston. tormented Weber after his Freyschülz with their genius like Weber's alone was able to protect the

learned objections: that it was too much people's childish “ Wolt's Glen” for any length of time SUBSCRIPTIONS RECEIVED

music; that it had nothing which betrayed the against just ridicule ; and his characteristic toneAt the OFFICE OF PUBLICATION....21 School St. Boston. By RUSSELL & RICHARDSON, 291 Wash'n St. " educated musician, who had learned something; pictures are too well known and celebrated, to

that it was tasteless, horribly trivial, &c. Weber 701 Broadway, New York.

| require that anything should be said about them. " SCHARFENBERG & LUIS, 769 Broadway, " consequently set about it in earnest to meet these But I cannot refrain from one remark about « G. ANDRE & co..... 306 Chestnut St. Philadelphia. objections, and, as he said, to satisfy the learned " | his very rich and fascinating overtures. With « JOHN H. MELLOR,..... 4 MILLER & BEACHÁM,..181 Baltimore St. Baltimore.

also. But already this remark betrayed that instrumental works without text, the larger public " W. D. ZOGBAUM & CO., ........... Savannah, Gn. what he wished to do was something altogether fare in about the same way that they do with 11 W. F. COLBURN,......

Cincinnati, O.

strange to him, something that lay beyond him; paintings; those are their favorites which offer

and the result was that in the Euryanthe, which them an effective treatment either of something For Dwight's Journal of Music. he was moved to compose for the very reason that that lies near to actual life, so that they are Characteristics of C. M. von Weber. he found in it material for “ learned music,” the charmed with its naturalness, as in a picture of By Dr. HERMANX ZOPFF, of Berlin.

critical gentry wholly overlooked or purposely, * still life ; ” or, on the contrary, of objects lifted (Concluded from page 10.)

ignored these efforts he had m de to stop their to the clouds, etherialize wherein she may Weber, apart from the judgment of Beethoven cry; while on the other hand the public, for whom sweetly revel in the heaven of his own fancy. and others, (on his Euryanthe), had much to suf the melodious passages and pieces of this opera Intermediate objects seldom captivate the greater fer from criticism, for the very reason that men were intended, had their impression obliterated multitude. The public think too little in things, knew he took it all too much at heart. What by these very efforts of the composer, and pro- which, from want of culture, excite in them no did he do in his distress, when he heard the

. deeper interest beyond mere sensuous delectation judgment of Beethoven, but lay the score, with

(whence the term dilettante); they do not think, tears, at the great master's feet! The latter sug Weber's natural tendency to the romantic- and do not enjoy from the standpoint where the gested one principal improvement, soon underta sentimental is sufficiently impressed upon the one intention of the artist seeks to place us; they ken by Weber, in these words: “Do with it as I side on his youthful compositions, and on the other enjoy absolutely, simply. Hence historical paintdid with my Fidelin; cut out a third of it.” on his strongest work, the Freyschütz. Unfortu- | ings, taken from a past age remote from our own Beethoven, it is said, had not fared much better nately, too, with velvet glove, it often drew him interests, charm the le with his own opera.

down again into a less justifiable sentimentality, tinsel for the eye. In Berlin Euryanthe, on its first appearance,

at times when his genius sought to gather itself An overture should prepare the hearer, by a had not such poor success as in Vienna; for here

up as for a grander and more lasting effort. This concise description, for the situations, for the pasthe above named party of the Romantic school, sentimental relapse is all the more percej

sentimental relapse is all the more perceptible, sions of the opera; yet without presupposing any which had given Weber the first impulse and when some nobler characteristic trait has unfolded sort of acquaintance with the drama that is to encouragement, had prepared beforehand juster itself the moment before, and when the music follow. But for such a preparation those ideas expectations. But even here such success as the has been on the point of transporting the audi- | alone are proper, which will serve for the unfoldFreyschütz had had, was out of the question ; it ence in the most vivid manner to the situation ing of such a description; that is, such as make was only a succes d'estime, won by the exertions represented.

only this impression, are readily apprehended and of his friends. Weber found himself not partic A striking instance, among many others, in and do not lead the mind off. Thus the overtures ularly elated by this ambiguous success, when the which, owing to less decided situations, this fault of Gluck, Mozart, Beethoven, and not less those next morning he received a visit in his chamber does not stand so sharply out, is the great aria of Mendelssohn, at least in this respect, present from that young lawyer,* who with such true

of Caspar in the first Act. With genial abandon a rounded and complete preface, without presupperception of the spirit of the times, had predict

Weber unfolds a true portrait of this mysterious, posing any acquaintance with the melodies of the ed all this. When Marx, after the first greetings, malicious, misanthropic character, this creature opera. Weber, on the contrary, turned off into proceeded to congratulate Weber on the success

of despair, and enchains our interest in a high a path, which has been variously travelled since obtained in Berlin, the latter could make no reply degree by the closeness of the music to the sub- him with unavoidably the greatest aberrations, but: “ You too!” For pain and mistrust pressed ject. All at once Herr Caspar falls entirely out when he used for main themes to his overtures tears from his eyes. But although there lay so of his rôle and becomes as tender as a woman; the taking melodies from the opera itself-meloopen a confession in this outright utterance of and with this sentimentality our deeper interest dies based often upon some situation which con.

begins to cool, and there is nothing left us but tributes nothing to the denouement, and which, • Referendarius : a small lawyer who practices in the courts without emolument, and not a reviewer, as

mere musical delectation in its graceful and being without text, lose all hold upon a deeper it was wrongly translated in our last.–ED.

| attractive turns. In the same way Weber loses understanding. By this means certainly he ca

ed."

mere

tered better for the thoughtless crowd of absolute

The Italians in Russia.-Mme. Bosio. This summer, however, in case of Piccolomini's dilettanti, and perhaps exercised more attraction

non-appearance, it will be profitable to her late

(Correspondence Lond. Mus. World.) on the masses; but as an artist he prejudiced be

admirers to have an opportunity of seeing and

All your readers who profess an unbounded hearing the part of Marguerite Gauthier, executed forehand their understanding of the matter he

admiration for Madame Bosio (and I address without “piquancy" or accroche-cours, by the had undertaken to present. Mozart, Beethoven myself to no others) will be glad to hear how she most accomplished soprano of the present day. and Gluck also interweave thoughts from the | has been occupied during her recent sojourn in A low-minded realist might object in Madame opera into their overtures; but they are very

Russia. In the first place, I must hasten to say Bosio's performance of the part to her lady-like

that the liquidity of her tones has not been demeanor. She, in fact, looks like a young girl careful to take only those of such decided stamp,

interfered with by the congealing power of the accidentally living in the region of the Dames aux that they help to prepare the mind correctly; and Russian frost. In the second, I must chronicle Camélias, where she appears quite depaysée. But then they employ them only as introduction or her almost unprecedented success at St. Peters- it seems to me that the Dame aux Camélias-on as episode, as in the overtures to Don Juan,

burg, and her altogether unprecedented success the stage as in real life-is tolerable under no

at Moscow-where no first-rate Italian singer, other circumstances, and that in order not to be Iphigenia in Aulis, Leonora, in C major).

properly supported, ever appeared before the offensive, it is necessary, in the first instance, that Weber's overtures, on the contrary, especially in

epoch of the coronation of the present emperor. she should not look like what she is. It has the second theme, fall off into the Potpourri I am aware that many persons will laugh at the always been my conviction that the original style; this is true of the Freyschütz, as of the | idea of a Russian reputation, and sneer at the representative of the part in Dumas' drama (or

notion of a success achieved in Moscow. In comedy as it ought to be called,-its chief merit Euryanthe, the Preciosa, &c., and most strikingly

truth, when so accomplished a singer as Madame being that it gives us a lively representation of true of the Oberon. At this point Weber vio

Bosio makes her appearance before a new public, | manners in the quartier Bréda) owed a large part lently breaks the spell of his life-like description, the principal honor involved in her success is that of her success to the lamentable fact that she so full of character and so faithful often to the which reflects upon the discernment and taste of “ looked the part." And in support of the truth

her audiences. But it should be remembered at of this assertion, it may be mentioned that in the truth ; makes far too great a concession to the

the same time, that almost all the great Italian provinces where the public are not familiar with multitude, and all the beautifully germinating de

singers, who have been heard in London and the dress, manners, and bearing of the first-class votion is over; the audience is simply amused Paris for the last twenty-five years, have found lorette, Madame Doche failed." But the Dame aux and longingly waits, after the return of the first

their way to St. Petersburg, and that the Camélias at the Vaudeville, to a more pure-minded more tedious thought, for the repetition of that

representations of the Italian Opera and the person than an habitual theatre-goer is likely to

concerts of the Philharmonic Society are attended be, was doubtless a very offensive exhibition. At tempting sugar work, which does not keep them

with so much eagerness, that it is difficult to find all events there is a great contrast between the waiting long, and now dazzles them with all the a place on the subscription list of the former, and performance of the French actress and that of greater splendor. By this turn Weber gave the

almost impossible to obtain a season ticket for the the Italian singer in the same part, and one that signal for a whole host of similarly put together,

latter. In short, the Russian amateurs really love cannot be entirely ascribed to the purifying

music; they have been accustomed to hear music influence of the music, although the air of the but not equally inspired overtures; they had

of the first kind, and the excellence of their last act is angelic as executed by Madame Bosio. learned of a revered master, both for themselves orchestras, composed, for the most part, of native Calzolari was Madame Bosio's tenor, of whom and for the pleasure-loving public, to take life instrumentalists, proves that the nation can it is unnecessary to speak, as the public of London easily.

execute as well as appreciate. I speak especially have already heard and applauded the feeble

of the orchestra of the Philharmonic Society, gentleman in the ungrateful character of the Rossini was already peeping in here like a

which consists of only forty performers (about the amant de cæur. Do not think, however, that we rogue, who had just then begun completely to number of Mr. Alfred Mellon's band of the had no tenor but Calzolari at St. Petersburg and turn the heads of the best and bravest people. Orchestral Union), and which, by long and Moscow. The “robust" parts were taken by When the composer had cooked up enough to

continuous practice, has attained almost the per- | Bettini (the big one), and his performance with furnish forth his splendidly and daintily set

fection of ensemble. The orchestra at the Italian Bosio and the contralto, de Méric (who has vastly

Opera, numbering twice the number of executants, | improved), in the Trovatore, was especially suctables, then, like a prudent and experienced

owes its completeness to the fact that the cessful. The principal baritone was de Bassini. cook, he never omitted to stimulate the appetite performers take rank in the Government service, The seconda donna (appearing sometimes as by the nicely prepared ragout of his overtures. to preserve which it is necessary they should prima donna-in the Norina of Don Pasquale, Precisely at the time when Weber's fame, that

remain in the band of the Government theatre. for instance) was the interesting Marai.

After a certain number of years' service, each had been kindled by the Freyschütz, waş threat

performer is entitled to a pension, like any other ened with extinction by the sad fate of the Eury Government officer; and when, in addition to

Boarding School Music. anthe, did Rossini reap his first dazzling triumphs.

(From "Music and Education,” by Dr. MAINZER. This was not without its injurious influence upon the St. Petersburg Italian Opera is considerably

London, 1818.) Weber's mind, which more and more opened

higher than that of any other theatre in Russia, Whence does music receive its greatest injury,

it will be at once understood that its musicians are | its deepest wounds ? From those who should be itself to bitterness; it so excited him and dazzled not in the habit of quitting it for any slight | its natural guardians, and the most jealous dehim, that this same Weber, who had once so ear reasons, but that on the contrary, most of them fenders of its beauty and purity—the parents of nestly conjured Meyerbeer to remain German,

remain in it during the whole of their professional children and the managers of schools, especially

lifetime. now unfaithful to these principles, frequently in

This “ permanency," so much admired schools for female education. To study music is,

by Mr. Carlyle, of course produces its usual results to them, nothing but to learn to play the piano. his Oberon strayed off after Rossini, and studied in music as in all other things, and the orchestra You may have talent, or you may have none, you effect by an arbitrary mixture of German and of the St. Petersburg Italian Opera exhibits an must learn it under penalty of being taxed with Italian turns.

excellence which, under another system, might | having received but an indifferent education. In Nevertheless Oberon contains still glorious never have been attained.

what, then, consists this study of the piano ? In

All this is intended to show that Bosio's success sitting so many hours daily before the instrument, treasures of true German music, and what is far in Russia is a success not to be despised; indeed having the fingers curved, and stretched, and more important, true description; as for example she has nowhere been more thoroughly and more trained; and after having thus passed, in the in the elfin scenes, which even Mendelssohn has warmly appreciated, from her appearance in most tedious and thoughtless of studies, the most

Moscow at the State representation, when her not surpassed ; in the overture too, there is a

precious and invaluable hours of life, what knowbrilliant vocalization in Norina was received in ledge has been acquired? Have they become brave essay of polyphony. But Weber was,

involuntary silence by an audience which had musicians for their pains ? Ilas the science of alas ! too sick to exercise the necessary self-con been invited by the Emperor to hear L'Elisir | music been revealed to them? Have they learntrol. Outward impressions gained ever more a

d'Amore without being permitted to laugh ated to understand, to judge, to analyze a musical stronger influence over him, and challenged him

Lablache !-down to her last appearance in the composition in its technical construction and poet

Traviata, when her pathetic acting and her as to a formal conflict with the hostile elements.

ical essence ? Or, have they learned to produce, charming execution of music, which with all its after their own impulse, a musical thought, to deHis enfeebled body yielded to this soul struggle, original insipidity becomes touching as “inter velope it, and, in a momentaneous inspiration, to and to the chicanes to which he was exposed in preted” by her, caused her to be “recalled” some make the heart speak in joyful or plaintive strains, England, in a foreign language, on the part of dozen times, and with an enthusiasm which I had according to their mood of mind ? Nothing of narrow-minded singers, arising from the bad trans imagined was not to be found out of Italy. It the kind. A few have learned to play a sonata, lation of the Oberon. Weber was, as we have will be remembered that Bosio was advertised to perhaps a concerto; a greater number have said, in spite of all there was new, invaluable, appear last season in the Traviata, at the Lyceum, reached variations, but by far the greatest majoripopular, and thus far unsurpassable in his works, but Piccolomini having forestalled her in the part ty only quadrilles ! This playing of quadrilles, too specific a musician, too much a man of feel

this training of the fingers, mothers complacently ing, to soar up to that summit of the arch of Rea appearing satisfied with that young lady's style of call accomplishment, a refined education ; and son, where the classical musician, standing above singing, it of course became unbecoming on the musicians who look with contempt upon musical his impressions, overlooks, controls and regulates part of the former vocalist to enter into a com- study and musical works of this description, can himself and his emotions.

petition from which nothing was to be gained. ' they be surprised when the art to which they

ver

have devoted themselves, is not appreciated, not more solid, the more elementary the beginning,

The next German Festival. understood ? What can we expect, when its the sooner the end is attained. All those who

To the last number of Fitzgerald's City Item, Philwhole destiny is left in the hands of matrons of learn music with the view to shine, will never boarding-schools, who, generally, are clear-sighted | learn it to satisfy the better judge. They will adelphia, we are indebted for the following: enough to make it an important item of their bu find the general road too long, and, unlike com SEVENTH Musical FESTIVAL OF THE GERMAN siness, withdraw the lion's part from what is due mon mortals, begin where others finish; fly with VOCAL SOCIETIES OF THE UNION.-Coming sum. to the teacher, but are ignorant of its very alpha- out wings. They learn, by heart, like a bird, a mer, our city will be witness of one of those grand bet ?

Cavatina and a great Aria, and display their sci celebrations for which our song-loving Germans have If, in musical education, great errors are com ence in drawing-rooms, turning henceforth-a of late years become so famed, and which promises mitted by teachers, the greatest of all arises from living hurdy-gurdy-in endless rotation, from the to surpass all others of the same kind, wheiher held

in New York, Baltimore, or in this City of Brotherly their submitting to the tyranny of these matrons, Cavatina to the Aria, and from the Aria to the

Love. These festivals have been justly considered and their complacency in satisfying the wishes Cavatina. How different those who have learned

as possessing an eminently national character, and and the vanities of the parents." Unacquainted thoroughly the principles of music! they sing displaying in a remarkable degree the social elements with music, its loftier purposes, and even with its every choral or solo composition, though never of German public spirit and life, in the midst of mechanical department, the latter are over seen before.

American conventionalisin, and have won encomiums anxious, in their paternal solicitude, to hear their

of admiration from all classes of our society. offspring play or sing great pieces. The day is

The preliminary proceedings were commenced last

(From the Home Journal, Dec. 1852.) fixed beforehand, when, at a certain party, the

May, and the preparations are of the most complete A TRIBUTE TO BOOTH.

kind, no expense or pains being spared to give eclat young prodigy should take the whole company by surprise. The teacher, or governess, are alone The veteran actor, whose recent death brought a

to this celebration. The following is the order of

proceedings :initiated into the secret; and these poor martyrs

heartfelt “ Alas! poor Yorick” to many a lip, is

kindly treated in the verses below, by an esteemed 1-Saturday (June 13th) Eve of the Festival. of ignorance try every means to show the star in

contributor. Booth was not an ordinary man; and Reception of the Societies, and Torch light proall its magnitude. The day, the great day we are glad that his deceasc has called forth so worthy

cession; Salutation by the President of the Delearrives; the company begin to gather; the grand though inadequate a tribute to his memory:

gation; Supper at the Head Quarters; Escort to рара has taken his arm-chair, and now, O misery!

BOOTH.

the lodgings of the Guests. begins the musical entertainment. Papa feels

Just now it came into my head,

2-Sunday Morning, at 8; Introduction and Rehear. quite uneasy; mama is in a fever; and the juve

sal. In the Evening, Oratorio at the Festive Hall, nile Corinna is all but fainting. However, the

I know not how it came,

by the Vocal Societies of Philadelphia. glorious moment has come when the sun is to rise

That somewhere I have heard or read,

3- Monday Morning, at 8, General Rehearsal for the and dazzle every eye. We all have heard such

That Junius Brutus Booth was dead,

Festive Concert; then Procession and Reception prodigious performances. One bar after the other

An actor of great fame.

in Independence Square; Evening, at 7, Concert. makes slowly its appearance, and is, as it were,

4- Tuesday, Pic Nic in the usual manner; Evening, In Richard he was really great,

Opera and Ball. forced out; when she sings, it is in stammering

Though Kean's was lauded higher:

5— Wednesday Morning, at 10; Meeting of the notes that she produces the eloquent A te o cara,

All parts, when not in tipsy state,

Delegation; Afternoon, Chorus Singing of the or Una furtiva lagrima. Often overcome with fear and emotion, not of the music, but of the

He played with judgment accurate,

different Societies; Conclusion of the Festival,

Grand Banquet. heads and candles around her, she stops short,

With spirit, force and fire.

6–Departure of Guests. goes on again, hut, alas ! the black and white

His tragic powers high praise bespeak

The Direction of the Music has been placed in the keys begin to melt into each other, and to inter

His comic claims as high;

hands of Mr. P. M. WOLSIEFFER, Conductor of the change colors, until--all is darkness and confu

Profound in the absurd or weak,

Oratorio on Sunday Evening; and George FELIX sion. So ends the first musical entertainment,

He made you laugh at Jerry Sneak,

BENKERT, Conductor of the Monday Concert.and so begins the musical career of young per

And almost made you cry.

Both gentlemen have been long and favorably known sons in general: each party-day is a new disap

in the musical world. pointment for the family and visitors, and a day For to his sense with feeling rife,

The Officers of the Delegation are : of deep distress for the poor victim of such vani

The “fun" was not the best

M. Rosenthal, President. ties and follies.

That tragedy of common life,

M. Kaiser, Vice-President.
It is very certain that music, so acquired, must

A. Langguth, Recording Secretary.

The loving fool, the tyrant wife,
become irksome and tedious, that it can offer no

P. Rohr, Corresponding Secretary.
He deemed a serious jest.

A. Saxe, Secretary of Finance.
enjoyment for the moment, no nourishment for
the mind, and throughout a whole lifetime, no

He was a scholar deeply versed

The programme of the two Concerts is as follows: compensation for the time, the money, and the

In old and modern lore; tears it has cost.

A poet, too, and not the worst;

Oratorio of " The Brazen Serpent,'
In going directly against the

..... Loewe. purpose, it would be unreasonable to expect to His lines, when by himself rehearsed, attain it. We would wish to learn and love

..Mozart. Were seldom thought a bore.

1-Credo, from Twelfth Mass,...

2-Solo, (vocal). music; but you teach us to dread and hate it:

At Holland's lodgings once we met

3—Chorus: “The Heavens are Telling,” (Creation), a system which resembles that of the night police,

Haydn. who

Our speech on trifles ran-
lanterns, that the thieves may see them
carry

4-Solo. from a distance. Well may we say to those pa

The nothings that we soon forget,

5-Hallelujah Chorus, (Messiah),........... Handel. rents, and boarding-school Minervas, that music

But leaves me an impression yet

The principal celebration will, however, be on is a dangerous art, thus it becomes, in their

of “wit and gentleman.”

Monday. The festive procession will be magnificent, unholy hands, an instrument of torment to the

A bard, the humblest of our times,

and will take place after the Rehearsal. young, or if it has to pass as a blighting blast,

Second Concert, on Monday evening

While sauntering down the street, over the happy days of youth, and is, thanks to them, a handmaid of vanity, an empty, idle, stu

Together strung these careless rhymes,

1-Grand Overture,...

Orchestra. And thought how oft ambition climbs

2-Chorale: Eine feste Burg, (United Societies), pid show, on the one side, and a greedy, cunning As poor reward to meet !

Luther. speculation, a vile, contemptible trade on the

3--(Baltimore Societies). other. Well may we say to the musician, who

What lasts of Booth ?-a paragraph

4-The 67th Psalm, (United Societies),......F. Otto. thus sacrifices his dignity, betrays the art, and, as

Some flippant paper gives;

5-(New York Societies). a sordid usurer, sells it to the highest bidder,.

6-Battle Chorus, from " The Prophet,” (United A lie, or only true by half,

Societies),

...Meyerbeer. what Schiller said to the literary tradesman : To set on barren fools to laughUnhappy mortal! who, with science and art,

And thus his “glory” lives!

1-Grand Overture (National)..

... Benkert. the noblest of all instruments, effectest and

2-Double Chorus: Wire and Water Drinkers, attemptest nothing more than the day-drudge

Green boy, who seest on the stage

(United Societies),......

.Zoellner. with the meanest; who, in the domain of perfect

Some bully foam and roar,

3–Concerted Piece. freedom, bearest about thee the spirit of a slave.”

Thinkest it glorious to engage

4-Scena and Chorus, from “ Euryanthe, ' (Philadelphia Societies),

Weber. “ But,” continues he, “how is the artist to Applause, by shamming grief or rage,

5—"The American Revolutionary Hero,” Wolsieffer. quard himself from the corruption of his time?

Go be a fool no more !

6–Pilgrim Chorus, from “ Tannhäuser," (United By despising its decisions. Let him look upwards

Societies),

.Wagner. Few idols of the box or pit to his dignity and his mission, not downwards to

Both Concerts will be held at our Academy of his comforts and his wants.”

Might well with Booth compare:

Music, and will be arranged in a manner commenAs we do not expect to change this degrading

A genius, scholar, poet, wit,

surate with the magnitude and splendor of the system of musical education, unless the parents

For every range of talent fit

Festival. The following Societies have accepted the show a better understanding and a higher appre

And Booth is-what-and where?

invitation and will attend :-New York, eighteen ciation of the art, it is to them we expose the ne

Societies, with eight hundred members; Baltimore,

In vain his mind was heaven-inspired, cessity of a total reform in musical tuition, and

six Societies; Philadelphia eleven Sociesies; RichBy study, too, refined

mond, Va., two Societies; Newark, two Societies ; say, either release the child entirely from this odious, mechanical and stupifying study, good

All nature gave, or art acquired,

Norwich, New Haven, Poughkeepsie, Hartford, Was only for the hour admired,

Easton, Buffalo, Rochester, Williamsburg, Hoboken, only for nourishing ostentation and self-conceit

, or make it a rational, intellectual and noble agent

And then it passed from mind.

Trenton, Reading, Harrisburg: Wilmington, Peters

burg, Washington city. Together, fifty-six sorieties, of moral education and mental refinement. The

with fifteen hundred members, a force sufficient to

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PART I.

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PART II.

PART I.

PART II.

shake the walls of the Academy, and which will Second Conductor, Samuel Thurston ; Secretary, programme of an evening performance by young create a lasting impression on our citizens by the

Charles P. Carlton; Treasurer, Parmenio W. Neal: ladies, and one characteristic of the school. That almighty power of song.

Librarian. Cyrus Staples; Investigating Committee, something more of music must have been learned by
John L. Shaw, Arthur M. Ilsley, George M. Howe. them than is often taught, was evident to those who

ened to them. And aside from the general musical For Dwight's Journal of Music.

skill acquired, it was well remarked by a gentleman MANCHESTER, N. .-Mr. G. W. STRATTON's first

present, that these pieces now learned were, like the Diary at Home.

Soirée took place at his Piano-forte rooms, March works of Milton and Shakspeare in poetry, always A New York paper says : 29th. In the programme we notice Beethoven's So fresh, and would as much delight the hearer if the

performers repeated them twenty years hence, as they nata Pathetique; the overture to Tancredi, (for violin, “ Signor Jacopsi, (Charles Jacobs of New

do now-perhaps the truest test of classic music as clarinet and piano); a “ Lament,” by Schubert, (for distinguished from the fashionable. York), has been engaged at the Royal Italian

two clarinets); Variations by Mozart, for clarinet So much for the central point of the school. AccesOpera, London." solo; a fantasia for piano, by Strakosch ; and in the

sory to this, the sister art of painting and drawing is

taught with great skill. by Miss Merrill, and French, Signor Jacopsi, of course, can sing better than vocal portion a sacred Quartet by Kreissmann, a Quar

German, Latin and some branches of English studies Mr. Jacobs. Are not Italian singers best? tet and a Trio by Stratton, the Trio from Belisario, are pursued under teachers of the first class. . The

primary object of Mr. Oliver in selecting these studies, songs from Donizetti, Auber, &c. The Manchester Two hundred years ago Alexander Stradl

is that variety which the mind of the student must went from Germany to Italy, and as Alessandro paper says the Soirée was a complete success.

have, and especially to give that cultivation which he

"The performers were all natives. The vocal parts believes essential to the character of the true artist. Stradella, won imperishable renown. The books were by Mrs. Wm. Reynolds, Mrs. H. B. Carter, Mr.

By an advertisement it will be seen that a new term all say he was a Neapolitan by birth, but he was J. R. Dudley. Mr. David Alden and Mr. Stratton,

of Mr. Oliver's Institute has just commenced. born in Suabia. From that day to this, few peo. who performed some Trios and Quartets in a superior ple become great singers until their names are manner. Mrs. Reynolds sang two songs with much

PROVIDENCE, R. I.-The “Beethoven Orchestra" taste and expression. Stratton's Trio and Quartet changed.

gave their third concert on the 23d ult., assisted by were much liked, and appeared quite original compar "a resident lady singer, of excellent talent," and by Sophie Cruvel, after she became Signora ed with the general run of this kind of music. The

the “ Providence Flute Club," The programme was: Cruvelli, was worthy of the first place in the instrumental parts were performed by Miss S. A.

PART 1.

March-Mein Gruss an Berlin.... grand opera at Paris.

...Gung'l. Osgood, Pianist, Mr. E. K. Foss, Violinist, Mr. J. S.

Overture-Calife de Bagdad.

.... Boierdieu. Fräulein Deutsch, after she became Signora Huckins, Clarinetist, Mr. Stratton, Pianist and Clar Song-Kathleen Mavourpeen.....

...................Crouch.

.......keicla.

Quiutrt-Andante ..... Tedesco, turned the Havana and Boston musi inetist. Miss Osgoed's Fantasia was played in a neat

By Flute, Clarinet, Cornet, Viola and Violoncello cal public topsy-turvey. and finished style, which did credit to herself and Duet Concertante.........

....... ... Schneider. teacher, Mr. Stratton. The clarinet pieces were much

By Flute aud Clarinet, with Orchestral Accompaniments. Miss Jennings, after becoming Signora Fioren

PART II. admired."

Second Overture.........

..........Kalliwoda. tini, played a great part at London and Paris.

Andante, Moderato and Allegro....

....... Rossini. Fräulein Ungher of Vienna, having become

WORCESTER, Mass.-The Mendelssohn Quintette By the Flute Club Adapted ior six Flutes, by W V. F Marshall

Club, with Mrs. Wentworth, have been in our city for Waltzer-Nur Laben............................... Strauss. Madame Sabbatier, was a great Italian contralto. two or three days, delighting our citizens with their

Song-Eulogy of Tears. .....

..... Schubert

Graceful Pulka......................................Gung'l. performances and playing to all classes of music lovPossibly the name of Signora Canzi, who thirty

ers. On Friday evening they performed at Washburn From the Committee of Management's card to the years ago was the great singer at La Scala, and Hall, (a fine place, it is said, for chamber concerts),

public, we extract the following paragraphs : on other Italian stages, and then shared the tri

giving a programme of light music. On Saturday

afternoon they gave in the Mechanics' Hall a concert The Orchestra was formed and commenced its reumphs of Pasta in London and Paris, may be for the school-children and others, suiting the perfor hearsals in March, 1856, under the direction of Mr. known to some readers. Well, she was Fräulein

mances to their tastes. It was advertised as a * ten W.F. Marshall, and is now composed of the following

cent concert," packages of five tickets being sold for instruments: 8 violins, 3 violas, 4 violoncellos, 2 Canzi, born of German parents, at Baden, near fifty cents. Had the tickets been sold singly, for a double basses, 3 flutes, 1 oboe, 2 clarinets, 2 bassoons, Vienna. But the notices of her at that time of dime, the hall would have been crowded.

2 trumpets, 1 horn, 2 trombones, 1 basso tuba, large

But the crowning glory of the Club's visit among us and small drums, triangle, cymbals, and kettle drums. course made her of Italian birth.

was reserved for Saturday evening, at which time Their object, principally, is to encourage and develThe name of Madame Fodor-Mainvielle, the so

they gave a soirée of classical music in the parlors of ope, in a large form, she instrumental talent of this

the Bay State House, which was an occasion of unal. city. long ruling spirit at the grand opera at Paris, loyed enjoyment. The programme was well chosen, They hope that the citizens generally will take an may also be familiar. She was Fräulein Fodor

and, throughout, well performed. It opened with interest in the establishment of a first class Orchestra

Haydn's Quartet in G, No. 75, which the strings gave in this city, and be induced to give such encourageoriginally, the daughter of a German pianist, who with delicate grace and perfect anpreciation through ment to the efforts they are now making as will have about 1795 settled in Amsterdam.

out. We have never heard the Club plav better than the effect to increase the numbers and strengthen the

in this quartet. The Introduction and Allegro move efficiency of the Orchestra, thus enabling them to Musical history, however, does give us some ment of the Beethoven quintet in E flat was charac perform music of a higher and more classical characinstances, in which singers have attained a rea

teristic and interesting; and the canzonet from Men ter, and perhaps stimulate them to the performance

delssohn's Quartet in E flat, proved to be one of the of the grand instrumental compositions of the immor. sonable degree of fame, without sailing under gems of the evening. Ryan's quintet arrangement of tal composer whose name the Association have assufalse national colors.

one of the simplest yet most charming of the Songs med-BEETHOVEN!

without Words, was very acceptable ; and the clarinet As instances, these names occur to us : Maria quintet in A, No. 6, on. 108, was a fitting close for so fine New York.-Maretzek and company commenced a and Pauline Garcia, Mrs. Billington, a certain an evening's entertainment, being in Mozart's best

season of Italian Opera at Niblo's on Monday evening, | vein, and, most excellently played withal. The proFräulein Sontag, and a Miss Lind, Caecilia Davies, grainme was interspersed with singing by Mrs. Went

when Mme. GAZZANIGA made her New York debut in worth, who gave, with her accustomed taste, Cheru

La Traviata, with BRIGNOLI, AMODIO, &c. The Mara, Clara Novello, Johanna Wagner, Cinti

bini's Ave Maria, and the air, Come unto him; and Courier d Enquirer says: Damoreau, Miss Paton, the original Rezia in solos by Krebs and August Fries--accomplished playWeber's Oberon, with whom he was delighted,

Madame Gazzaniga, to be so poor a vocalist, is one ers of the flute and violin.

The performance, on Fast evening, of the oratorio of the most remarkable artists we have had upon our (we know her as Mrs. Wood), and too many oth. of the Creation, by the Mozart Society, should fill our

| lyric stage. Her merits are her own peculiar gifts ; Mechanics' Hall to overflowing.–Palladium.

her faults are in the form of defective acquirement. ers to be cited here.

She possesses that rarity in music, a truly sympathetic Of these some never saw Italy, and others only

PITTSFIELD, Mass. From the Berkshire Co. soprano voice. No mezzo-soprano, no tenor, is more

Eagle, Anril 10.)-The winter session of the Men penetrating in quality, more pathetic in tone; and to went there after their fame had brought them delssohn Musical Institute closed on Tuesday evening

this it adds a peculiarly feminine expression which, engagements at Naples, Florence or Venice.

last, with a soirée given by the Young Ladies, under strange to say, does not always accompany a female

the direction of the principal, Prof. E. B. Oliver. voice. She has a great range, quite two octares and a When the next manager brings us an opera The occasion was a pleasant one to all, and especially half, we should say, and more power than any soprano troupe from sunny Italy, and engages Zacariah

to those who, like ourselves, with some idea of the we have heard, except Jenny Lind. Her volume of

designs of the founder, have watched the progress of voice, too, seems to be all music; very little of it runs Smith, Ilabakuk Townsend, Pelatiah Jones,

te from its Beginning. The novelty and to waste in mere noise. These merits she in a measure Abigail Barnes. Lois Bigelow and llepzibah

boldness of the undertaking, and the singular fitness counterbalances by certain defects, which, though they

of Mr. Oliver and his associates for giving it success, are not fatal, still limit her range, and we fear, unless Bacon-how the-ahem !—will he Italianize their early gave us a lively interest in it. A passionate they are remedied, will prevent her from attaining the names ? For certainly, under such every-day

devotee of high art and an enthusiastic believer that rank of a prima donna of the first class. She vocalizes music-designed to express all the finer feelings of very

*; and in fact cannot sing scale passages cognomens, no human being could sing !

the soul, and all the more delicate fancies of the mind, arpeggios, or the ordinary figures of rapid melody, in could only be perfectly cultivated in proportion as the l a manner which would do credit to a pupil of a year's

heart, the taste and the judgment are cultivated, I standing under a good master. If we may ju Musical Intelligence.

and only perfectly expressed by the most thorough her performance last evening, her intonation is not artistic 'skill, Mr. Oliver undertook to establish a reliable; and in passages which require her either to

school of classic music upon a basis corresponding force or to subdue her voice she sings sharp; this PORTLAND, ME.-A new sacred Music Society has

with his theories. In the system established, music however may be the temporary effect of illness or been formed here, under the title of “ The Haydn

is, of course, made the central point of instruction. agitation. She delivers her voice with great freedom

The course pursued is extremely thorough, and the and purity, but seems to lack elasticity of spirit or of Association." It is said to embrace the best musical favorite style taught is of the severe classic school of utterance, to a degree which almost reaches monotalent of the city; and the following is the list of

Germany. At the soirée on Tuesday evening, the tony; and, consequently she is never brilliant.

programme contained fifteen pieces, from the following Madame Gazzaniga's style is the purely declamatory officers :

brilliant constellation of authors, Bach, Haydn, Beet dramatic style which has been brought into vogue by President, Francis Blake ; Vice-President, Albert hoven, Mozart, Schubert, Von Weber and Concone, the later compositions of Donizetti and by those with P. Pennell; First Conductor, George A. Churchill; I an unusual combination at least to be found in the I which Verdi alternately delights and offends us. As a musical declaimer she has few superiors; and the sonata by Scarlatti, and some compositions by Cho est in the success of the project, from the fact unusual richness and fullness of the lower register of pin, Schumann, Litolf and Heller. M. Reichardt

that it is another effort of our finest and oldest her voice, gave her great advantages in this respect. was the vocalist. He sang Beethoven's “Adelaide," As an actress she has much merit; and her person a romance by Donizetti, and Blumenthal's “Chemin musical association-we believe the oldest in the she is a blonde and has a very pretty figure-wins her de Paradis." The Parisian press are prodigal in their favor before she sings.

country to give a new impulse to music in the eulogiums on the singing of 'M. Reichardt. The illness of Mme. Gazzaniga prevented a repeti The London Athenaum, (March 21), has the follow

right direction. tion until Friday.... The Pyne and IIARRISON troupe ing items:

We think the public generally is unaware how are giving six nights of English Opera at Burton's

“Madame Steffanone seems not to have contented much has been done in Boston by the Handel theatre with W. V. WALLACE as conductor ;-their her public in I Puritani-Signor Mario having been

and Haydn Society, for the cause of music. We farewell before returning to England.

the real star of the Italian season there about to close.

When music has ended in the Theatre Ventadour, are unable to go very deeply into this subject WASHINGTON, D. C.-A very beautiful “musical Madime Ristori will begin her two months' season.

now, but shall in this article direct the attention soirée" was given by Mr. Corcoran, in behalf of Mr. We are glad to see M. Stephen Heller's third SonaROBERT GOLDBECK, for the purpose of introducing

ta, (the best modern piano-forte Sonata we know), of the reader to a few topics in point. Previous him to some of our most influential families as a keeping its place in the chamber programmes of the

to 1813, occasional concerts of sacred music, callpianist and artist of great merit, previous to his

Paris season. Further, there is good hope in the giving a public concert here. Though he comes promise of another three-act opera by M. Reber, to ed Oratorios—as grand concerts of vocal and inunheralded, yet with the strong introduction he brings come out at the Opera Comique. Lastly, we may

strumental music in Vienna went by the name from Baron Humboldt and other distinguished Euro

note that M. Sax, whose inventions in brass instrupean friends of his, we cannot for a moment doubt of

ments need no epithet, and who has long been vexed of Academies-had been given, some by a man his future success in this country, where, we believe, by the piratical proceedings of other instrumenthe intends to take up a permanent residence, having makers, has, after ten years of law, gained his cause

named Bailey, (of whom we should be glad if already met with marked favor in New York, where against the counterfeiters of Paris, whose further ope any correspondent would tell us more), and he has established hiinself. But now, to return to Mr. rations are henceforward prohibited, and who are sen

others under the direction of Dr. G. K. JACKCorcoran's Soirée, where the guests were accomplished tenced to heavy costs and to retrospective reimbursein musie; we understand that Mr. Goldbeck delighted ments."

son. This gentleman, a noted music teacher of and astonished his audience. The neatness and precision of his playing cannot well be surpassed, and

his day, was an Englishman, and during the war

ITALY.-The Atheneum gives the following list of his classical performances of Beethoven's celebrated new Italian operas :

of 1812, as an alien, was sent away from Boston. Sonata in A flat could not fail to stamp him as an

Lida da Carcano, by Signor Taddei, produced at Mi It was at this time, that many of the leading singartist of true merit. In short, he gare most entire

lan; Il Conte di San Germano, by Signor Traversari, satisfaction to all who had the pleasure of hearing at Novara; Guzmano il Prode, by Signor Sanelli, at

ers of the town-some of whom still survive, and him.- Intelligencer.

Parma. Somewhat more importent than the above whose reminiscences we would gladly have given

may be La Punizione, by Signor Pacini, given at SAVANNAH, GA.-We have received a copy of the Roine with Madame Albertini and Signor Baucardę

insertion in the Journal of Music-formed themConstitution of the “Mozart Club," which has existed as principal.singers.

selves into a choral association, under the name in this city since 1855. Its object is “the perform

LEIPZIG, March 3.-The London Musical World

of the “ Handel and Haydn Society.” The sociance of instrumental and vocal music, and the culti

ety cast away at once the miserable music which vation of correct musical taste."

translates from the New Vienna Musikzeitung thus:

It has active members, (professional and amateur), who pay $5 a year,

On Thursday was Liszt the hero of the day, and was then the staple of popular performance, and

to-morrow he will be so again. We shall see Wagner's the professional excepted, and associate members, who

devoted its time and labor to conquering the difTannhaüser brought upon the stage under his direcpay $19; and all members are privileged to attend re tion; the Weimar singers, Milde, Wife, and Caspary, ficulties, then formidable, of the highest class of hearsals and concerts. The rehearsals, take place as well as the harp-virtuosa, Mme. Pahl, are at his

vocal music--that of Handel, Haydn, Mozart orders. The performances are for the benefit of the erery Wednesday evening from October into March, operatic stage-manager, Behr.

and others of their schools. and at least four concerts are given during the season. Liszt was made much of, Thursday; he was received

Within ten years after the formation of the The number of active members for 1856-7 is : Profes with bravos and welcomed with sturdy applause. His

two symphonies are the essence of the whole matter. sors 6, Amateurs 14; of associate members, about 6).

society, it had published several volumes of choBoth were listened to with approbation by the audience. of the programmes of the four concerts given this The “Préludes" must be pronounced as indisputably

ruses and other sacred music at its risk, we may past season, that of the last, (March 4th), may serve the most successful; Mazeppa was but faintly perhaps say expense, for we doubt if any of those as a specimen:

applauded. After hearing both of these much-talked-
PART I.
of works with our own cars, we, abs, are cured of the

volumes sold to any good extent out of the society. 1. Overture-La Muette-Orchestra

. Anber

erroneous idea that they are something special, some The credit belongs to it of having set an example 2. Song-Como é bella Lucrezia..

.. Donizetti. thing we never heard before, something immense. 3 Duet-March Brillant.. ...... Auher.

and adhering to it, of singing none but music of They may be listened to very well with other things. 4 Song-Una Vier, de Barbiere...

....... Rossini.

Berlioz has made my head ache much more. People, the highest order, and of giving a new impulse 5. Quintet-Adagio ma non troppo, and Finale......Kuhlau.

however, must not allow themselves to be persuaded
PART II.
that they are music with any claims to importance, or

and direction to public taste by its publications. 1. Overture-Le Micon-Orchestra.................. Auber.

destined to enjoy a great future. We have discovered Though not in due order, we will speak of its 2. Grande Fitntasie - Cello and Piano..

... Kumumer. Song - Romance. Lir.dx de Chanounix..........Donizetti. onc important peculiarity about them, it is true. But

collection of psalmody here. 4. Quartet -- Variatione, two Violins, Violi, Cello..... Ilaydn.

Dr. Franz Liszt will not be e

not be exactly proud of it. We 5. Sug-Barrarole, with Vinlin obligato..........Schubert

mean the great poverty of ideas, and the want of The “ Bridgewater Collection,” the “ Village 6. German Singer Murch-Orihestra.......arr. by Scherzer. melody and harmony distinguishing them.

Harmony,” and perhaps other collections, had
In addition to this poverty of ideas and monotony
FOREIGN

of form, the No. 1, or E flat major concerto, for the made some advance from what is now called LONDON.-Since our last concert report was writ

pianoforte, played, and in a most masterly manner, by
Hans von Bülow, is most unrefreshing. As the artist

"old folks' music,” but no editor had dared to ten, there has been a performance of the Creation, by the Sacred Harmonic Society, and one of St. Paul, at was honored with too much applause, there were some confront popular prejudice and taste, with a work St. Martin's Hall, under Mr. Hullah's direction. very audible hissings, to mark the worthlessness of the

which should be free from all trace of Billings, There has been one of the Concerts for the People, at

composition. The barytone Milde sang a very pleasing which Miss Dolky was advertised as giving her aid :

romance by Liszt, which pleased ourselves and the Holden, Stephenson, Kimball and the like. this is one of the contributions which, coming natu public very well. So much for Liszt, Milde and his

In 1821, Dr. LOWELL Masox, then a young rally from an artist, are graceful and commendable. wife sang also a duet out of the Holländer; they sang There has been, also, Mr. Howard Glover's monscer

it magnificently, and were rewarded accordingly with man, and resident in Savannah, came North with concert at Drury Lane. hearty applause. Wagner's music reminds us of

the manuscript of a collection of music, which The programme of Mr. Ella's second Soirée was in

Weber, Meyerbeer, Marschner, and Tannhäuser, teresting. It was made up of Herr Molique's Quar which was born at a later period. The first part, was something as new and out of the common tet in B flat, a work full of ideas, which, if not very | under Rietz, introduced us, unfortunately, to a not new, are distinct, and of contrivances excellent in very valuable posthumous work of R. Schumann, a

course then, as Zeuser's “ Harp" was twenty their ingenuity; of Mendelssohn's Second Trio, very “Singspiel Overture,” to a poem in the style of Her years later. His book was made up from the best finely played by Herren Molique and Halle and Sig

mann und Dorothea. It was nearly damned. Mme. nor Piatti, and Dr. Spohr's elegant Sestetto, op. 146. von Milde rehabilitated Schumann by singing the

English sources, discarded all the old fuguing the first movement of which is one of its master's

prayer of Genoveva" with great feeling and artistic tunes, contained many arrangements from the most graceful compositions. Then there were glees finish.

noble Adagios and Andantes of Mozart, Haydn, -one of them so excellently led by Mr. Foster, the best male counter-tenor we have ever heard, and so

Beethoven, Pleyel, &c., and above all was harevenly sung as to deserve an encore-a glee, by the

monized under the eye and instruction of ABEL, way, when well sung, makes a variety in better proportion with concerted instrumental chamber music

a thorough German musician. This manuscript than nine-tenths of the songs to be named and singers attainable could make.--Atheneum, March 21.

BOSTON, APRIL 18, 1857.

had been offered in Philadelphia, and to bookThe music selected to open the Art-Treasures

sellers in other cities freely, save on condition of Exhibition in Manchester will probably be the National

his receiving such copies as he needed gratis. Anthem, the Old Hundredth Psalın, and the final

The Handel and Haydn Society's Festival. chorus to Handel's Cæilian Ode-since we cannot

No bookseller would touch it. At length, imagine our contemporaries correct in announcing The great musical event of this year, 1857, when there seemed to be no hope, the Handel the entire work for performance on the occasion. Madame Novello is engaged. There is also to be a

will undoubtedly be the Festival in May, for and Ilaydn Society took it, placed their name grand concert on the evening of the opening daybut this, we imagine will not be held in the building.

nich preparations are now making. Besides upon the title page, printed it, and thus began Ibid.

all the other reasons for our anticipating much the greatest revolution we have yet had in psalmParis.-Mme. De Staudach's concert, in Erard's

gratification and enjoyment during the successive ody. Rooms, was fashionably attended. She played a ' performances in prospect, we feel no small inter- 1 To the landel and Haydn Society, so far as

Dwight's Journal of Music.

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