1. Thou shalt bear the blame of it. It is a heavy blame, a weighty guilt ; but thou shalt not get another's back in all the creation to lay it on, and shift it off thy own. They that comply may bless God; they that do not may thank themfelves. The cause is from themselves.

2. Thou shalt bear the loss of it, the loss of what thou fcornest, the loss of grace, the favour of God, the loss of heaven. Thy blood shall be on thine own head. The scorning of the call brings a heavy load of wrath; but thou alone fhalt bear it: that is,

(1.) God that called thee shall not bear it, either blame or loss. A man's heart perverts his way now, and his heart fretteth against the Lord; and I cannot think that the hearts of the reprobate in hell will be more reconciled to this difpenfation, Matth. XXV. 24. 25. But the Lord will throw the weight of it back on thee, and thou alone {halt bear it; for though he was not obliged to give thee grace, yet he offered it to thee, and thou refused it.

(2.) His faithful fervants that warned thee and called thee to coniply with the call of God, shall not bear it, Ezek.xxxiii. 9. Nay, every call of theirs, every sermon, exhortation, reproof, and warning in public or private, shall turn it back on thyself. Every figh, groan, wafte of their trength, for warning thee, shall turn it upon thee with a witness : And tbou alone fhalt bear it. Nay, đi

(3.) They that had a hand in thy not complying fall not bear it. They that tempted thee to sin, thy grace. lefs neighbours and companions, whose face thou shalt curse the daythat ever thou saweft it, they shall not bear it. Even unfaithful minifters, who either shall not warn thee, or by their unholy life harden thee, they shall not bear it, and thou wilt not find shelter under their wings. Nay, the devil himself, who goes about like a roaring lion Teeking whom he may devour, and does what he can to hinuer thee, even he thall not bear it. For they do not force thee, but entice and tempt thee to fin; they lay the bait, but it is thy own fault that thou embracest it: they lay the stumbling-block, the occasion of sinning in thy way; but thou art obliged to go by it, and hold off from it.

It is crue, they shall bear the weight of the hand they had in thy ruin ; but alas ! what is that to thee? what good will it do to thy poor soul? It is in this cafe as when one draws another into the water, and both are drowned together : alas ! what is it to the man whom the other drew, that his companion is drowned himself too? that does not save his life, Ezek. xxxiii. 8. So they shall not bear it, but thou alone fhalt bear it.

[1.] None shall bear it for thee, nor take the burden off thy back. The foul that finneth, it dies. The finner shall be the sufferer. They that refuse the Surety of the Father's chusing to bear the burden in their stead, shall not get another surety nor burden. bearer for them among angels or men. Nay thou alone, and not another for thee, shalt bear it.

[2.] None shall bear it with thee, to ease thee of a part of the weight, Gal. vi. 5. There will be no relieving out of the flames, so there will be none that will be so kind as to bring a drop of water to cool the tongue in it, Ezek. xvi. 24. The whole weight shall lie

upon thyself. Thou alone, and not another with thee, shalt bear it.

Wherefore confider what ye do. Be wise, Ginners, and repent: For except ye repent, ye shall perish. The sound of the Lord's word goes away, and dies out as other founds : but it liveth and abideth for ever in its efficacy, for the salvation or condemnation of those that hear it. So death and life are set before you, the blessing and the curse. If thou be wise, thou shalt be wise for thyself: but if thor fcornest, thou alone shalt bear it.


1 CORINTHIANS xii. 13. For by one Spirit are we all baptized into one body, when . ther we be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond or

free ; and have been all made to drink into one Spirit. I

concerning the facraments. And the firft of these is that touching the efficacy of these holy ordinances, which is one of the doctrines of this text, in which the apostle explains and confirms the doctrine of the mystical union betwixt Christ and his people, from the two facraments.

I explained this text at large, when speaking of the myftical union from it *. I hall only consider it now, in so far as it relates to the facraments. And so there is,

1. The number of the facraments of the New Tes stament. These are two, viz. baptism ; We are all baptized, &c.; and the Lord's fupper, called here drinking ; the denomination being taken from the cup, as it is called breaking of bread, the name being taken from the bread therein used, Acts ïi. 42. The former is the facrament of our initiation into Christ, and union with him; the other, of our nourishment in, and communion with him.

2. The efficacy of these facraments. They are effectual to Talvation in those in whom they have their effect, they being united to Christ into one body, and partaking more and more of his Spirit, in those orá dinances respectively; which fo fecures their falvation from fin, and wrath too.

3. To whom they are effectual. Not to all, but to believers only; We all, viz. who are members of Christ, ver. 11. 4. How they become effectual. Their eficacy is

# Ses vol. ii. p. 146. 147 VOL. III.

not from themselves, nor from the administrator, but from the Spirit of Christ. By one Spirit are we all baptized, &c. So their efficacy depends on the operation of the Holy Ghost in and by them: and to this is presupposed the blessing of Christ, fince the Holy Spirit does not work with means unblessed by Jesus Christ.

The purport of the text may be summed, up in the following doctrine, viz.

Doct. - The facraments become effectual means of

salvation, not from any virtue in them, or in him " that doth administer them; but only by the bleffing " of Christ, and the working of his Spirit in them " that by faith receive them."

Herc let us confider,
1. That the facralients are means of salvation.

11. Wherein lies the efficacy of the facraments, or when may it be said that the facraments are effectual means of salvation.

III. To whom are they effectual? or in whom have they their efficacy,

IV. Whence is their efficacy?
V. Lastly, Conclude with some inferences.

1. I shall fhew that the sacraments are mean's of falvation. For clearing of this, we shall inquire,

1. What is that falvation which the facraments are faid to be means of ? It is the whole falvation purchased by Jesus Christ for the elect; which consists of two parts. (1.) Salvation from fin, Matth. i. 21. He shall Jave his people from their fins. Sen Gible fioners look on sin as the mortal disease of the foul; and to be saved from it, in the guilt and power thereof, they will account the great falvation, as indeed it is. (2.) Salvation from wrath, under which all mult perish that partake not of Christ's falvation, i Theff. i. 10.--Jesus which delivereth us from the wrath 10 come. This is the warding off the blow of justice, the tiroke of death eternal, from the neck of

a poor creature. Both these parts make it a great falvation, the greatest that a poor finner is capable of, Heb. ii

. 3. And this falvation is fo absolutely neces. fary, that it is no wonder to see a finner inquiring after the means of it.

2. What a mean of salvation is? A mean has a relation to an end, and is that which is used to bring about the end. And a mean of salvation is any thing appointed of God, in the use of which he carries on the falvation of his people. Thus all divine institutions in the church are means of salvation, that being the common end of them all, Matth. xxviii. 20. Among these the most eminent are, the word, facraments, and prayer. Prayer has a relation to both, and is to be mixed with them. The difference betwixt the two former is,

That the word is the mean of conversion, and the facraments means of confirmation : fo the word is the leading, and the facraments are the subsequent means of falvation. The word is first to have its effect, then the facraments have theirs on the soul, 1 Cor. iii. 5. with Rom. iv. l'l.

Now, that the facraments are such means of salvation, appears,

1. From the Lord's appointing of them for that end to be used, Acts iii. 37. 38. Now when they beard this, they were pricked in their heart, and said unto Pe.

and to the rest of the apostles, Men and brethren, what Jhall we do? Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Chrift, for the remision of jins, and ye Mall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost. Cor. x. 16. The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Chrif? the breed which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Chrift? And in that communion lies the safety of our fou's for time and eternity.

3. From the saving effects which they have on the souls of God's people rightly uing thes. This is a


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