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generally admired as a work of singular versed in this mystical science as all the delicacy. It is 465 feet high to the top Jewish cabalists put together, could I of the cross, which is fifteen feet in hope to induce the present perverse geneheight. It was begun in the year 1422, ration to adopt one iota of my predilecunder the care and inspection of John tions in its favour. Fully and sorrowfully Amelius, a celebrated architect; but was impressed as I am with this disheartening not finished until the year 1518. Per- conviction, I shall yet, coûte que coûte, sons may ascend 400 feet high by a stair- fearlessly devote this paper to a brief case, consisting of a flight of 622 stone illustration, as well as historical review, steps. There are two sun-dials attached of the art of which I have been speaking. to the cathedral, both of which are 94 feet ' “ Anagrammatism, or Metagrammain circumference. The chimes, or mu- tism,” (which, by the way, is the more sical clock, which plays eight tunes in accurate term, *) is defined by Camden, every hour, consists of nearly sixty bells. in the treatise above noticed, to be " the The largest bell weighs 16,000 lbs. dissolution of a name, truly written, into
The cathedral is adorned with several its letters as its elements, and a new con. paintings by Rubens and Quintin Matsey, nexion of it by transposition, without the blacksmith, whom love converted into addition, subtraction, or change of any a painter. He is interred at the entry of letter, into different words, making some the cathedral, where his monument is perfect sense applyable to the person placed, with an inscription stating that named.” And this, the same laborious all.conquering love had made an Apelles author farther informs us, is the only of a blacksmith.
quintessence that hitherto the alchymy of Near this monument there is a pump, wit could draw out of names.' He then ine iron work of which was wrought by proceeds to remark, that the “ precise in Metsey to prove his ingenuity in his this practice” strictly adhere to the cules original profession. It was executed by of the definition he has laid down, with the hammer alone, as was usual with the exception only of omitting or retainMetsev, who never used a file in polishing ing the letter - according to their conveany work.
nience, “ for that it cannot challenge the
right of a letter.” But the “ licentiats,' Leisure Lours.
on the other hand, he continues, “ think
it no injury to use E for Æ, v for w, No. III.
z, and c for K, and contrariwise." We are, therefore, to infer from all this, that
a genuine anagram, of the true legitimate Poscimur, si quid vacui sub umbra
breed, must, according to the strictness of Lusimus tecum, quod et hunc in annum Vivat et plures.
the art, be confined to the letters com
posing the original word, but that, by a ANAGRAMMATISM.
licence resembling that of the poets, a Among the various fruits of my“ lei. change of certain letters into others of an sure hours,” with which, as already nar- analogous nature may occasionally be rated, I have endeavoured to beguile that made at the discretion of the anagrambædium vitæ, which all of us more or less matist. 'eel, I ought to include a choice collection As far as a science may be recommended of anagrams, both ancient and modern, by the antiquity of its origin, anagram. that have, at sundry times, found their matism has every thing in its favour, way into my treasury of good things.” since there is ground for assuming, that Now I am well aware, that, in this most phi- it may be traced to the time of the great losophical of all philosophical ages, I am Jewish lawgiver himself, whose mystica. exposing myself to no small risk of being trailitions, called Cabala, communicated written down an ass for coming forward, by him to the chosen seventy, are thought as I mean manfully to do, in defence of by some to have been neither more nor less the exploded science of anagrammatism. than so many anagrams. At least it is Not, although I possessed all the learn- certain, that, among the various species ing of Camden, who wrote a profound of cabalistical lóre, in which the Jews detreatise on this most delectable art,—not, lighted, the one called themura was although I were animated by all the ge- precisely synonymous with what we unnius of that celebrated Frenchman, yclept Thomas Billon, who published a series spamma) means, literally, the art of writing
Anagrammatism (compounded of ava and of prophecies in an anagrammatical guise, * backwards, in which sense Amor is an anagram -not, in tine, although I were as deeply of Roma, and evil of live; but metagramma.
tism (formed of μετα and γραμμα) implies a • He lived in the beginning of the 17th cen- transposition of letters, which has become the A further notice of him will occur in the popular sense of anagrammatism. For this
reasop prefer adopting the received term.
derstand by anagrammatism ; and hence compilation of anagrams, most happily the ancient cabalists were of opinion, that concealed under the guise of a poem. there was not a word in the whole Mosaic About two centuries ago the occult art law which did not contain some hidden under consideration seems to have grown mystery, that might, by this means, be into some favour with the Italians, as I disclosed. Upon this principle they dis- find that a certain prelate, the Bishop of covered the Hebrew word for “ grace” in Grassa, no doubt a man of great learning, the name of Noah, the words “he shall was eminently skilled in it; and it was receive” in that of Messiah, and, in the afterwards held in high estimation among name of the Virgin Mary, the anagram- the literati of Italy generally. The Germatical appellation," our holy mistress." mans, too, as we learn from that erudite
After the Jews, the Greeks appear to author, Martinus Lipenius, were wonderhave been the earliest cultivators of this fully distinguished, about the same pemystical learning. Lycophron, the poet, riod, by their proficiency in the dissection author of “ Cassandra,” who wrote about of names. He enumerates about thirty three centuries before our era, has trans- German authors who, in the 16th and mitted to us.two specimens of his skill in 17th centuries, immortalized themselves the art. These are anagrams of Ptolemy by their dissertations on anagrammatism. * Philadelphus and his wife Arsinoe, In this country, also, we gather from which, written in Greek, are as follows: Camden, the art began to flourish during
- Iltoneualos—ATTO MERITOS, Made of the reign of Elizabeth; and he tells us, honey–Apoivon—Epas lov, Juno’s violet. he knew some who had bestowed some Lycophron, as we learn from Eustathius, idle hours herein with good success, albeit was succeeded by several others, who, to our English names, running rough with borrow the quaint language of Camden, cragged consonants,” (a fine instance, I “ disported themselves in this mystical may observe en passant, of the onomascience. Of the anagrams, preserved by topeia,)“ are not so smooth and easy for Eustathius as the production of these transposition as the French and Italian.” worthies, Apern, virtue, transposed into Accordingly, Camden furnishes us but Epatn, lovely, and Itapos, merry, into with one English anagram, which is the Alapos, warm, may be cited as favourable following on Charles I. Charles James cxamples.
Steuart, “ Claims Arthur's Seat." He The next people, in order of time, as has left us, however, a great variety in far as my discoveries go, that have evinced Latin, which, according to the taste of any passionate attachment to this ancient the age, was the language then most in art, are the French, who, in the sixteenth repute with men of learning. From these century, about the time of Francis I., I shall make selections hereafter : at pre“ began," as Camden tells us, “ to distil sent I shall merely add, that among the their wits herein.” Numerous examples English anagrammatists noticed by Cam. of their proficiency in this way have de- den, he himself shines pre-eminent; and scended to us, of which I shall only, at he adverts, with a becoming modesty, to present, transcribe the following. It is his own qualifications in this respect. an anagram of the name of the monarch I cannot close my subject without noI have just mentioned, which may be ticing the definition which our great lexithus transposed-François de Valoys cographer fastidiously gives of an ana“ De façon suis royal.” So attached, gram, which he describes to be (horresco indeed, do the French appear formerly tó referens !) “a conceit arising from the have been to this science, that Thomas letters of a name transposed;" and all Billon, a Provençal, of whom honourable this, too, without having the fear of mention has already been made, was re- Horace before his eyes, for that writer tained at court by Louis XIII. as a sort expressly asserts, of “ Anagrammatist Laureate," with a
Dixeris egregiè notum si callida verbum pension of 1,200 livres. In this enviable
Reddiderit junctura novum--capacity he seems to have composed his “ Anagrammatical Prophecies,” to which which, in defiance of all critics and comI have already alluded, and which there mentators, I hold to be a decided testican be little doubt supplied the hint for mony to the excellence of the sublime art that sublime “ Vision,” with which we
I have here ventured to vindicate. have been favoured by a laureate of these
* See the “ Bibliotheca Realis Philosophica" days. Indeed, I would even go so far as
of Lipenius, published at Frankfort on the to surmise, that, as the “ Vision” in
Maine in 1682. He enumerates 35 treatises on question is allowed, on all hands, not to anagrammatical subjects, all, but about tive, I be poetry, it may prove at last, for any believe, written by Germans. Among the tive So much at present for anagrammatism. cheeks, and despair corrode their hearts, > shall resume the subject in my next under such an unmasking. And these paper.
alluded to is a collection of Anagrams and Chrothing that appears to the contrary, to be
nograms, published in London, 1613, by one J. peither more nor less than an ingenious Cheeke, an Englishman.
OTIOSUS. are the men and these the women, who,
having first filled our generous youth of THE STAGE,
every rank and class with admiration of
theis talents, induce them, as a ready A BRIEF CROSS STREET ORATION. consequence, to tread in their footsteps,
and follow the downward path, which (For the Mirror.)
leadeth unto death eternal ! ALBEIT my mind doth not like to be Far be it from me to endeavour to huld disquieted in its musings upon meaner them up as marks for the finger of scorn things than the high subject of the voca- to point at. I would not deny to many tion with which a Christian man is called; of them the meed of more moral worth yet it appeareth unto me, that there is a than might perchance be expected from propriety in descending occasionally, and their calling, which doth surely expose adverting for a little season to other them to sore temptation; but I love them themes. Indeed the mind hath its moods; so well, that I would be unmindful of and there is a relief to be experienced by my deeply-responsible duty, did I not diverting the current thereof where good hold up to them the plain statement ou is likely to be educed.
their danger, or refrain from uplifting the In mine early days, among the glens voice of warning unto them. I love them and mountains of my beloved native so well, these mistaken and wilful men land, have I never heard the Theatre de- and women, that have slain their thou. nominated other than a most puissant sands and their tens of thousands by their not-house for the rearing of agents tu most perilous example, that I would lose spread more far and widely the kingdom much, and hazard almost every thing, 10 of desolation, the dominions of the Prince save their never-dying souls, and give of the Power of Darkness. I have seen them peaceful minds and joyful hopes to comparative happiness, and innocency, stand them instead, when they come to and peace, where was only known as a endure the threnes and throes of a dying far off pestilence, only conversed of as a hour. contagion. And now that I have travelled But come we now to the genera. prinw this more southern land, and inter- ciple which we do publicly and profesmingled with its massive population, and sionally advocate. It is not for me to seen and heard a little of what is called deny that there are occasionally some good civilized life, mine opinion thereupon morals inculcated—some good examples hath not in any wise changed. This is, held forth in these exhibitions. It is not in verity, a theatre-loving people, and it for me to say that the muse of Shak. is written as with a sun-beam, that the speare, which must be remembered and way in which it seemeth good unto them admired while the name of Old England to go, is that which leadeth unto per- is extant in the round globe, should be dition. How, I ask, can it be other. stinted in her flight and influence ; but I wise ? Are not these houses of abomi- do say, that the theatre is the last place nation among the most formidable barriers where a wise and good man will go upraised to thwart the progress of the himself, or take his beloved children, for Gospel light, which the holy and good patterns upon which to form character-men who do honour to the country are I do say, that all who appreciate the ver and anon essaying to pour in upon transcendent genius of our immortal the misguided people ? Merciful Heaven! Bard, will find themselves as much dewhat booteth it (humanly speaking) to lighted and edified by perusing by their lift
up the banner of righteousness, wher own fire-sides, his well known works, as such an enemy cometh in like a flood ? by viewing them represented on the stage,
I repeat it, these Theatres are a crying distracted as it seemeth to me, their at. and a fearful evil. Look at the charac- tention must be from what is good and ters of those who are so skiltul often in beautiful in them, by the glare of the playing the part of mimics and mounte- dangerous attractions which would enmesh banks to draw the artificial tear, or cheat all within the sphere of their influence ; the heart into a momentary credence of and the soul-sleeping whirl of licentiousits merriment. How would their lives ness, which it is ten to one but they look if exposed to the broad day-light of are for ever lost. And if we can go no unbiassed public opinion ? their hearts, further than this, as professing Chrisif dissected and laid open, with their every tians in our averment as to the most afpassion and principle, to the clear and proved, and least objectionable of these enlightened mind's eye ? Shame would things, what shall we say of the doubt brand its indelible stigma upon their meanings, the obscene jests, we ime moral, irreligious tendencies, which do burning brow, or pour the balm. of hea. abound so fearfully in the major part of venly consolation into the sinful man's the performances exhibited to the public? spirit, who groans under the misgivings We do not pause one moment in affirm- of his awakened conscience and feeble ing, that they are fraught with unmingled faith ; but, O! let me conjure you, to and incalculable mischief-they have no refrain your steps from wandering w counteracting power within themselves— haunts where the very atmosphere .s the virtues which they affect to inculcate laden with poison that corrodeth the sous are generally, we may say invariably, im- where every tread of your feet is down practicable in the present usual walks of the sloping
pathway that leadeth unto the life, and vice seemeth clothed in such spiritual, the second death. goodly and beautiful apparel_hath a Tell me not of the eminent men who loveliness so sweetly flung around her, have defended and spoken well of such that men cannot choose but think her an spectacles—Where are they? I know angel of light-she is tolerated and che- them not. Do the memorials of the inrished in the crowded theatre, and carried tellects of the olden time land them from thence into the parlour and drawing Hath any genuine philanthropist-any room, to kindle the repeated blush on the friend to religion and morality—to the cheek of modesty, and cloud for evermore best and most endearing interests of huthe happiness, and blast the harmony of manity, recommended them ? There domestic life. O! how I commisserate the hath indeed been one ornament * to our young inexperienced mind, to whom all literature, and I will say, friend of our this is coinparatively new, and therefore Holy Faith too, who did condescend to more dangerous-how do I grieve for employ his pen in a dramatic composition, those, who habituating themselves to and was not guiltless entirely of the such stimulants to relieve their ennui, blood of a fellow creature ; þut I envy find to their peril, that the moral dis- not his fame, which such a fact hath so tempers sure to result, are often, too much tarnished, and sure I am, that the often, alas ! incurably confirmed. truly great and good can never stand up
Now I would make root and branch for such a cause. work of the matter, and cry out for abo- I have seen, I have seen, and shall lition and not reform. Prove to me that never forget the agonized mother, as she there is a predominance of good, or that detailed the ruin of her beloved son—the there is not a vast overwhelming mass of sacrifice of his flattering worldly prosevil resulting from theatrical amusements pects—the frightful dereliction of duty as they are now conducted, and I will and affection which he exhibited towards concede my point-till then, it appeareth her who loved him so dearly and so well clearly against all good sense and sound -the madness with which he rushed into argument to affirm, that because they but the very jaws of perdition, and jeoparded partake of the imperfection inseparable his immortal soul-and as the tear streamfrom all human institutions, they should ed from her eye, and the heavy sigh needs be tolerated, and their glaring arose from her bosom, she told me that drawbacks winked at. Away then with his destruction was dated, and most such things from the earth, which hath truly so, from the time when he began enough and more than enough of sorrow to associate with players, and play-going and guilt already ; I require no legisla- people;t and her spirit was riven with tive enactinent for their destruction_let bitterness, when she contemplated the every man who calls himself a follower probability that his end might cover himof the crucified Saviour, do his duty and self and his respectable family with ignorefrain from giving the countenance of miny. This is but one solitary instance his example to them, and the work will be in a fair and hopeful train of accom
* Addison--- The story of Eustace Budgell is
well known. He took a boat at Somerset stairs, plishment. The high prospects and glo- ordered the waterman to shoot the bridge : and rious promises appertaining unto the while the boat was passing under the arch, he genuine Christian are infinitely worth the threw himself into the river, and perished imsacrifice, were it an hundred times greater, mediately. Upon his
bureau was found a slir
of paper, on which were written these words and consistency indeed demands it. Go, “What Cato did, and Addison approved, can if you will to the battle field, and meet not be wrong.” It has been said that Addisor death, with your face to the foe for your
did not justify the suicide of Cato, but a writer
on the Evidences of Christianity, cannot be excountry—her monarch — her unrivalled
culpated for passing by, in such a manner, hisconstitution—go, if you will, to the hospi- torical facts of this nature, and not inarking tal, or the private domicile of sickness them with his most unqualified disapproval. He and suffering, where death may be well should have done so for the sake of his own risked and nobly, in the glorious attempt
character, but chiefly to prevent a possibility of
an evil impression being elstamped on the pubto cool the parched tonguento bathe the lic mind.
+ A fuct.
among many that could be adduced, and organ tunes are nearly shamed out or our let not the casuist say, that such can squares and streets by the Depuis longtems only be the effect of such pernicious and Di tanti palpitis of the Savoyards. amusements on weak minds. I know The drum and pipe have long since re. well, they can be plausible enough, and treated to the sound of the harp and flute, can use with power the weapons of ridic and the apothecary's boy has thrown cule in such a question; but I heed them aside his reeds, to ape the silvery tones of not ; for every dogma there is a defence, a Drouet, or the richness of a Nicholson. for every work there is an ingenious Sostinentes, Ædophones, Apollonicons, shewing of its advantages and utility, by Harmonicons, and Panharmonicans pour which many are entrapped ; but all this in monthly on us. The boarding school changeth not my deep-rooted conviction, Miss, or rather in the refined language of for the which it hath appeared good unto the day, I should say the pupil, no longer me to state these few reasons among shews off her talent with a Steibelt storm many others that could be urged, and for concerto, or a Latour imitation, such rubwhich I shall not grumble to be branded bish has long been doomed to moulder as an enthusiast, fanatic, or methodist, beneath piles of Beethoven trios or Mozart if so be, that I may become the humble sonatas. Composition, thorough-bass, instrument of convincing any reflecting relative majors, and minors, harmonic mind.
EDGAR changes, six flat and five sharp keys,
Fugues à la Moschelles, in short the
Logier system is now the rage. The AN AMATEUR CONCERT.
perruquier, or cosmopholiter, * no longer (For tho Mirror.}
objects, even in these hard times, to give
his hundred guineas for a Broadwood or How sour sweet music is, when time is broke and No proportion kept.
an Erard, or the City Mrs. Green, her
guinea for twenty minutes vocal instrucMR. EDITOR,—Being very fond of tion for her daughter. Such is the state music, and flattering myself that I pos- of refinement and extravagance to which sessed a reasonable good ear, I ventured we have come_but as poor Richard some few summers back to learn the art would say, “ We may go further and of “rubbing the hairs of the horse o'er fare worse.' the bowels of the goat,” that is to say,
I So much for a digression—now to rebecame a scraper on the violoncello, and turn to myself. I have stated then, that by dint of an occasional hour's practice I managed to get over an accompaniment or so, I managed at the end of two or pretty fairly, and being able so to do, I three years, to scramble through most of looked upon myself as one fully qualified the bass accompaniments in my Sister's to enter the lists, for What-net!—It is really astonishing to I had heard of Mozart, and I long'd find the very rapid strides music has To tiddle on my bass, his Orpheus notes. made in this country within the last and it was not long ere my wish was nine years, and how much the science has gratified, for a musical friend of mine, tended to dissipate that ennui which used having received an invitation to a small so woefully to pervade the greater part of amateur party at Mrs. Shewoff's, requested our evening parties. The peace, thanks to the Duke of Wellington and his brave desirable my company and assistance
me to accompany him, assuring me how supporters, has transmogrified every would be, as his friend was a most dething as poor Tokely used to say: The lightful "creature, particularly fond of young Ladies of the present day live not music, and had charming daughters, who in the reign of harpsichords, those old fashioned pen-wire-grating instruments Now, even to a common lounger at par
were looked upon as second St. Cecilias !! have long been laid up in the cock-loft or
ties, these were great inducements; what lumber-room, to give place to the addi. tional octave Broadwood-grands, or the looked forward to a rich musical treat ?
must they then have been to myself, who rich toned Tomkinson-smalls, the lyre, or harp-lute, that “ sweet little delicate clude, I was not long making up my
and therefore, as you may naturally contoned instrument” as old Light puffs* it, mind' to accede to his request. I now hangs up in “ Tara's Halls” to pe. began to consider that my best mode of rish, while double action Erards, or extra- making my debut would be, to do the damper-movement pedalled-Dizi's charm
thing in a professional sort of way—to with their heart-soothing tones.
cut a dash to create attention to come Robin Adairs, John of Parises, and all strong over the party, as Pierce Egan those sort of gothish German grinding would say, I therefore dispatched per • Vide Newspaper Advertisoments.
* Vulg. Tailor.