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passage with a door, secured with a lock Only this you will still bear in mind,

Unless you're confoundedly dull, and key

No beauty in shape you're to find, The cavern, at present, is but imper. Except in the shape of the Skul. fectly known: only a small part of it has New Monthly Magazine. R. E. been penetrated, though several say they have traversed more than a hundred acres Select Biography. in it. Monthly Magazine.

No. IX.

SPURZHEIM versus LAVATER.

LAVATER was once quite "the go,"

And Noses and Eyes were the plan, By which all the wise ones would know

The talents and thoughts of a man : As for Noses, I know not, I vow,

What they really mean'or import, But all who read Sterne must allow

That a long one's preferr'd to a short. But, oh! 'tis a glance of the Eye

"Tis the radiance its flashes impart, Gives the light that I love to read by.

When I study the Head or the Heart: And who is so sightless or dull,

But could learn much more by one look, Of what passes within heart or skull,

Than by studying Spurzheim's whole book ? There are eyes of all colours and hues

In the gentlest gradation, quite down From the brightest of blacks and blues,

To the softest of hazel and brown: And still as they vary in hue,

Expression or lustre you'll find Each a vista of light to look through,

And study each thought of the mind. The black eye, all sparkling and bright,

Shews a soul full of genius and fire;
Melting softly in love's tender light,

But flashing resplendent in ire.
The brown eye, bewitching and mild,

Speaks a heart that is gentle and true,
Than the black eye less fiery and wild,

More tender and fond than the blue. Yet blue's a sweet colour, I own,

The bright, laughing hue of high Heaven, Which to light and to gay hearts alone

By the young God of Love has been given. Thus wicked blue eyes ! to be sure,

What havock they'd make in the heart, Were they not much more given to cure

Than to lengthen the pang of Love's smart. But Lavater's no longer“ the go,"

Now Spurzheim and Gall are the fashion--By the shape of the Skull you're to know,

For the future, each talent and passion. Your grandfather look'd for a wife,

With a face that was fair and purse-full; But you, as you value your life,

Must look to the shape of her skull.
Her forehead, like Jove's, must be large,

Expansive, full, prominent too,
As if, proud of the brains in its charge,

It exultingly swellid into view,
But shun a too prominent eye,

For the organ of language is thereAn organ which all men decry,

When developed too much in the fair. There are some pleasant organs behind,

Seated just at the top of the neck :But if too large, 'twere hard, you would find,

To keep such a lady in check :---
For Love, who was once so sublime,

Has quitted'his seat in the soul,
Where he lived, in the good “olden time,”

For a snug little spot in the poll.
But no longer on organs to dwell-

What need I of organs now speak ? Which it is to be hoped you'll know well

Before you are married a weck.

DROUET. DROUET, the post-master, at St. Menehoud, who was narrow-minded and ignorant, owed to chance alone the part he played in the revolution, for having recognised Louis XVI. when he was passing through St. Menehoud to go to Montmedy; he got before him by a cross-road, and caused him to be stopped at Varennes on the 21st of June. On the 18th of August, 1791, the assembly, to reward his zeal, decreed him a grant of 30,000 livres, which he refused, soliciting rather a commission in the gendarmie, as he had been for sometime a dragoon in the regi. ment of Condé. In September, 1792, he was elected member of the convention, where he voted for the death of Louis XVI. his sole claim to this election being his stopping the King at Varennes ; his appearance and gestures were coarse and displeasing, and the very words he uttered bore the marks of restless ferocity. Nevertheless, the violence of his temper not suffering him to refrain from speaking on subjects with which he was unacquainted, his ignorance and vulgar expressions perpetually exposed him to sarcasms from the legislative body, which irritated him to the highest degree. He strove to supply all defects by a constant display, throughout the whole of his poli. tical career, of great audacity, extravagance, and revolutionary

fanaticism. Being a violent Montagnard, he took an active share in the 31st of May, attacked Lanjuinais in the tribune, and eagerly persecuted the Girondins. On the 20th of July, 1793, he proposed to condemn death as spies all the English who should be found in France. On the 5th of September, he supported the scheme of creating a revolutionary army, and spoke with such violence as to excite the murmurs of the assembly. He also declared, that moderation and philosophical principles were insufficient, and added, “ If it is necessary to the people's happiness to be robbers, let us be robbers." He after wards proposed declaring to the suspected persons, that if liberty was in danger they should be massacred. On the 9th, he was sent to the army of the North, and in October, the same year, being shut up Mauberge when it was blockaded by the Prince of Coburg, he endeavoured to

in

escape with some dragoons to hasten the appointed him sub-prefect at Manehoud, succours of which the city stood in need. an office which he held till the restoration He was taken, however, by the Austrians, of Louis XVIII. in 1814. In 1805, the and for some time confined at Brussels, electoral college of Marne chose him a can. where, according to several reports made didate to the legislative body, but his noto the convention, the Austrians kept him mination was not approved of by Napoleon. chained in an iron cage, purposing to let During the hundred days he was not very him die of hunger, which would have conspicuously employed; but, having been the case had he not been relieved by signed the acte additionelle, he was exiled a miller, named Gerard. He was after- as a regicide, on the king's return ir 1815. wards removed to Spieberg, a fortress in He lately died at Macen, where he resided Moravia ; and on the 6th of July, 1794, under a fictitious name. He was uncle jumped through a window of his prison, in of General Drouet, nick-named Count order to escape, but he broke one of his d’Erlon, a very able Buonapartean officer. feet, and was taken back to his chamber, where he had left a very insolent letter Miscellanies. for the enemy. In November, 1795, he, Camus, Beurnonville, and some others, MINUTE INGENUITY. were exchanged at Basle, for the daughter of Louis XVI. and he then resumed his

(For the Mirror.) place in the convention, then converted GOLD-BEATERS can extend a single into the council of five hundred. The grain of gold into a leaf containing fifty species of moderation which then reigned square inches, which leaf may be di. in France displeased him, and he scrupled vided into five hundred visible parts: not to own, that had he been in his native these leaves are used in gilding; and country during the reign of terror, he they are so very thin, that 125,000 of would have followed the example of them, laid on one another and pressed Robespierre and Murat, and regretting together, will not exceed an inch in the termination of that revolutionary thickness. It has been calculated, also, reign, he connected himself with Babeuf, that a single grain of that metal, exand became one of the heads of the Jacobin pended in covering gold lace, would spread society, organized by his associate.

He over a surface of nearly thirty square was in consequence arrested in the night, yards.—See Monthly Review, May, 1824. between the Toth and 11th of May, 1796, Mr. Reaumur says, “ The flexibility of and shut up in the Abbaye. The council Glass increases in proportion to the fineof the ancients decreed that he should be ness of the threads; and that, probably, tried before the high national court, at had we but the art of drawing threads Vendome; but, in the night of August as fine as a spider's web, we might weave the 18th, he contrived to escape, and on the stuffs and cloths thereof for wear. Ac20th published the particulars of his libe- cordingly he made some experiments this ration, which had, he said, been effected way, and found he could make threads by means of a tunnel in a chimney. It fine enough, as fine in his judgment as appears certain, that in the night between any spider's web; but he could not make the 9th and 10th of September he was them long enough to do any thing with present at the attack made on the camp them.” at Grenelle, where the terrorists were The following are “ Ductile Metallic again routed, and he owed his safety solely Bodies, arranged in the order of their to a milk-woman, whom he bribed to con- ductility :"ceal him under the straw of her cart. Be

Gold, that as it may, he retired to Switzerland

Platina, shortly after his escape from the Abbaye,

Silver, and he afterward found means to take

Copper, shipping for the East Indies. His voyage terminated at Teneriffe, which the Eng

Tin, lish, under the command of Admiral Lord

Lead. Nelson, were attacking at the moment of See Glass Exhibition and Beckman's his landing ; the fight became general, Inventions

P. T. W. and on this occasion Drouet gave proofs of valour. It was here that Lord Nelson lost his arm.

JASMINE. On the 26th of May, 1797, the high court of Vendome acquitted him A DUKE OF TUSCANY was the first of any share in Babeuf's conspiracy; he possessor of this pretty shrub in Europe, returned to France, and was employed by and he was so jealously fearful lest others the directory in his own department should enjoy what he alone wished to After the 18th of Brumaire, the Consuls possess, that strict injunctions were given

Iron,

to his gardener not to give a slip, not so

EPITAPH much as a single flower, to any person, In St. Margaret's church-yard, To this command the gardener would

Westminster. have been faithful, had not love wounded him by the sparkling eyes of a fair, but Let me die too, and beside her lie.

WHEN Elizabeth died, O Lord, pray'd I, portionless peasant, whose want of a

The Lord was good, and heard my pray'r, little dowry and his poverty alone kept them from the hymeneal altar. On the And here we lie, a faithful pair. birth-day of his mistress, he presented her with a nosegay ; and to render the

EPITAPH bouquet more acceptable, ornamented it

In Maidstone church-yard, Kent. with a branch of jasmine. The girl, HERE Francis Jarrett lies : what then ? wishing to preserve the bloom of a new Frank, when his Master calls, will rise flower, put it into fresh earth, and the

again.

R. S. branch remained green all the year. In the following spring it grew, and was covered with flowers : it flourished and mul. ON A TOMB-STONE IN ESSEX. tiplied so much under the fair nymph's HERE lies the man Richard, cultivation, that she was able to amass a And Mary his wife ; little fortune from the sale of the precious Their surname was Prichard; gift which love nad made her; when, They liv'd without strife, with a sprig of jasmine in her breast, she And the reason was plainbestowed her hand and wealth on the

They abounded in riches, happy gardener of her heart. And the Nor care had, nor pain, Tuscan girls to this day preserve the re- And the wife wore the breeches. membrance of this adventure, by invariably wearing a nosegay jasmine on their wedding-day; and they have a proverb,

A GEM. which says, a young girl worthy of wear- ACCEPT, dear maid, this beauteous rose, ing this nosegay, is rich enough to make

To deck thy breast so fair ; the fortune of a good husband.

Observe its hue, nor wonder why

It blushes to be there ! The Gatherer. " I am but a Gatherer and disposer of other

DRINKING. men's stuff."...Wotton.

THREE cups of wine a prudent man may

take: A TURKISH PLUM-PUDDING. The first of these, for constitution's sake; When Lord Paget was on an embassy The second, to the girl he loves the best to Constantinople, his cook being taken The

third and last, to lull him to his rest; ill

, his Lordship was obliged to employ Then home to bed. But if a fourth he the natives to dress his dinners. Having

pours, one Christmas-day a large party, he de That is the cup of folly, and not ours : sired to have a piece of roast beef and a Loud, noisy talking on the fifth attends ; plum-pudding. The first was not diffi. The sixth breeds feuds and falling out of cult to procure ; but the last, not a ser

friends ; vant in his kitchen knew how to make. Seven begets blows and faces stained with They applied to him for a receipt : he

gore, said, he thought they must take ten or à Eight, and the watch patrol breaks ope dozen eggs and beat them up together, a

the door ; certain quantity of good milk, so much Mad with the ninth, another cup goes flower, and all these ingredients to be

round, mixed with a large quantity of the best And the swelld sot drops senseless on the raisins; then the whole to be boiled for

ground.

T. A. C. four hours in four quarts of water. They listened attentively to his instructions ;

THE RETORT. but when dinner was announced, two fel- Tom call'd his friend a pimp, forsooth, lows appeared, bearing in a most enor. When warm engaged in strife, mous red pan, in which was what they Said Will, “ I can't deny the truth, called a plum-pudding. The instant it appeared Lord Paget exclaimed, “ God

But curse your tattling wife.” bless me, but I forgot to tell them it was to be put in a bag !”

Printed and Published by J. LIMBIRD, 143, Strand, (near Somerset House,) and sold by all Newsmen and Booksellers.

OF

LITERATURE, AMUSEMENT, AND INSTRUCTION. No. LXXXVIII.] SATURDAY, JUNE 12, 1824.

[Price 2d.

Chapel and House of Mr. Smith, at Demerara.

[graphic][subsumed]

If the eighty-seven Numbers of the Parliament, praying that the sentence Mirror already before the public, had on Mr. Smith may be reversed. For reanot been sufficient to prove that we equally sons already stated we decline entering avoid religious controversy and political into any examination as to the extent of discussion, some explanation might be Mr. Smith's guilt or innocence, nor shall necessary in introducing a subject inti. we deviate from our accustomed rule next mately connected with both ; but, as we week, when we shall give a memoir of his shall not deviate from a course which has life, and a fac-simile of his hand-writing been so honoured with public approbation, in the last letter he ever wrote. This our merely stating the fact will be deemed week we present a view of the Chapel, and sufficient.

the House in which he resided, at DemeIt is known to the public that Mr. rara, and we doubt not they will prove Smith was the missionary at Demerara, acceptable to all our readers. during an insurrection of the Negroes in The colony of Demerara, to which Mr. that colony in August last. He was accused Smith was sent out a missionary, in Deof being privy to the revolt, and of assisting cember, 1816, is situated in Dutch Guiana, in the rebellion ; was arrested, and tried on the east coast of South America. It by a court-martial, which continued for is bounded on the east by the colony of some weeks, found guilty, and condemned Berbice, and on the west by that of Esseto death, but recommended to mercy to his quibo. For about 20 miles inland, along Majesty, who was no sooner acquainted the banks of the river Demerara, the with the circumstances, than a free par country consists of extensive meadows don was sent out for Mr. Smith. Unhap- Plantations, chiefly of sugar, coffee, and pily it arrived too late; for his health, cotton, are regularly ranged on each side which had been long in a bad stale, got of the river. The culture of rice has also worse, and he sunk under his confinement been introduced. The river, which is a few hours before the royal mercy reached about two miles in breadth at its mouth, Demerara. This event has excited great affords an excellent harbour for ships; interest in the religious world, and nu- but a bar prevents the sailing of large merous petitions have been presented to ships up the river, which, however, is VOL. III. 2C

385

navigable for smaller vessels nearly 100 rowest not more than 40. Its exact shape miles. The population of the united cannot easily be described. It is neither colony of Demerara and Essequibo is round nor octagonal, neither square nor a estimated as follows:

parallelogram. The pulpit is at the east

end. There is only one glass window, and Whites, (among whom there are

this is small, and so situated, that the light probably not more than 150

it admits is thrown on the top of the soundladies,) about

3,000

irg-board, on which account it is rendered Free blacks, and coloured people,

The other windows

nearly useless. about

3,000

which resemble Venetian blinds, but are Slaves

- 72,000

much longer, the colonists call jeloucies.

They do not open and shut like windows,

Total, 78,000 but merely turn up and down, as blinds The mission to Demerara was under. are turned to admit the light or exclude taken ov the London Missionary Society the sun. Hence, when rain descends in the year 1808, in consequence of an during the service, the jeloucies are shut, application of Mr. Post, a respectable and both minister and congregation are Dutch planter, who possessed the estate nearly in the dark. The situation of the called Le Resouvenir, situated about eight Chapel is in a populous district, being miles from the principal town, then called surrounded with plantations containing Staarbrook, but now George Town.-On multitudes of slaves. Extending along this estate stand the Chapel and dwelling the coast eastward about four miles, and of the late Mr. Smith, surrounded by just about the same distance in a westcolonial scenery, as represented in the wardly direction, the enslaved negroes prefixed engraving.

belonging to the different plantations have Prior to the establishment of this mis- been estimated at 10,000, of whom the sion, Mr. Post had taken much laudable greater number were permitted to attend pains with his slaves, and for a con- public worship. siderable time he kept a schoolmaster Those who compose the congregations. purposely to instruct them. The direc- present a motley appearance. Some of tors of the Missionary Society, having the free black girls come to the Chapel in some knowledge of these circumstances, fine white lace veils and silk stockings, considered his application for a missionary with a reticule to hold their pocket handas a call, which they durst not disregard. kerchiefs, and their fingers sparkling with They accordingly sent out Mr. John gold and diamond rings. Many of the Wray, who, on his arrival, was received slaves, on the contrary, come almost by Mr. Post with true christian hospitality. naked.

Mr. Wray immediately entered upon Tlie attention of the blacks to religious his work, and found the poor Negroes instruction, and its happy influence on very ready and willing to hear sermons, their hearts and lives, were such as to so that additional seats were, from week encourage the directors to send another to week, provided for their accommoda- missionary, Mr. John Davies, who settion. The congregation increased so tled at George Town, and built a Chapel much, that it was soon found necessary there. He was afterwards joined by Mr. to build a Chapel, which was opened Elliot, who had previously laboured in Sept. 11, 1808. About 700 people as- the island of Tobago, and who has built sembled, and Mr. Wray preached from a second Chapel in George Town, and Luke xix. 9.“ This day is salvation come also recently erected another on the west to this house.” This Chapel was erected coast of the Demerara river. Both the chiefly at the expense of Mr. Post, who congregations are large. The members laid out for the place of worship, and of the churches diligently employ them. the minister's House, more than a thou- selves in the instruction of others, by sand pounds !-a noble example of libe- teaching them the catechism. The scriprality! This good man, who did not live ures are highly valued, and read by many. long to enjoy the pleasure of witnessing Auxiliary missionary societies have been the increasing fruits of his labours, died established at all the Chapels, and conon the 23rd of April, 1809; and within siderable sums cheerfully contributed by the building, at the west end, a stone, the slaves, from their scanty pittances, for bearing a suitable inscription, has been the general cause of missions. erected to his memory.

In the year 1813, Mr. Wray having The Chapel itself, in which a gallery received an invitation from some gentlehas lately been erected, ike all other men, who had the management of thc ; buildings in the colony, is entirely of crown estates in the neighbouring colony wood. It is 70 feet long, and, in the of Berbice, removed from Demerara, with widest part, about 50 broad, but in the nare the consent of the directors, to establish a

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