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theologically orthodox, is most exquisite at once silenced ; and we feel almost as poetry; and then comes the sequel,- if the great luminary of heaven had sud" Hence in a season of calm weather,
denly disappeared from the sky, at the Though inland far we be,
moment when every telescope was levelOur souls have sight of that immortal sea led for the examination of the spots Which brought us thither ;
which dimmed its brightness. It is not Can in a moment travel hither,--And see the children sport upon the shore,
now the question what were Byron's And hear the mighty waters rolling evermore." faults, what his mistakes; but how is
the blank which he has left in British I am as poor as any rat, and cannot indulge the hope of ever possessing in one generation, which, among many
literature to be filled up ? Not, we fear, Wordsworth s poems by actual purchase, or any other lawful means.-Now, I have highly gifted persons, has produced none
who no doubt that many good people are in
approach Byron in ORIGINALITY,
the first attribute of genius. Only thirtythe same predicament : if so, I shall receive thanks (which are no more than my
seven years old :-so much already done deserts, and all I aspire to) for the fore- for immortality—so much time remaingoing excerpts, and the following, which ing, as it seems to us short-sighted must be the last :
mortals, to maintain and to extend his
fame, and to atone for errors in conduct “If thou be one whose heart the holy forms and levities in composition: who will Of
young imagination have kept pure, Stranger ! henceforth be warned; and know,
not grieve that such a race has been that pride
shortened, though not always keeping Howe'er disguised inits own majesty,
the straight path ; such a light extin. Is littleness ; that he who feels contempt
guished, though sometimes #aming to For any living thing, hath faculties
dazzle and to bewilder. One word on Which he hath never used ; that thought with him
this ungrateful subject ere we quit it for Is in its infancy. The man whose eye Is ever on himself, doth look on one, The least of nature's works ; one who might from depravity of heart, —for nature had
The errors of Lord Byron arose neither The wise man to that scorn which wisdom holds not committed the anomaly of uniting to Unlawful ever. O, be wiser, thou!
such extraordinary talents an imperfect, Instructed that true knowledge leads to love, True dignity abides with him alone
moral sense,—nor from feelings dead to Who, in the silent hour of inward thought,
the admiration of virtue. No man had Can still suspect, and still revere himself, ever a kinder heart for sympathy, or a In lowliness of heart."
more open hand for the relief of distress ; EDGAR.
and no mind was ever more formed for
the enthusiastic admiration of noble acCHARACTER OF LORD BYRON. tions, providing he was convinced that
the actors had proceeded on disinterested BY SIR WALTER SCOTT.
principles. Lord Byron was totally free The following warm-hearted tribute to from the curse and degradation of literathe memory of Lord Byron, by an indi. ture,—its jealousies we mean, and its vidual who ranked next to him as a poet, envy; but his wonderful genius was of is a proof how much liberality is allied a nature which disdained restraint, even to true genius :
when restraint was most wholesome. Amidst the general calmness of the po. When at school, the tasks in which he litical atmosphere, we have been stunned, excelled were those only which he underfrom another quarter, by one of those took voluntarily; and his situation as a death-notes which are pealed at intervals, young man of rank, with strong passions, as from an archangel's trumpet, to awaken and in the uncontrolled enjoyment of a the soul of a whole people at once. Lord considerable fortune, added to that im. Byron, who has so long and so amply patience of strictures or coertion which filled the highest place in the public eye, was natural to him. As an author, he has shared the lot of humanity. His refused to plead at the bar of criticism ; lordship died at Missolonghi, on the 19th as a man, he would not submit to be of April. That mighty genius, which morally amenable to the tribunal of pubwalked amongst men as something su- lic opinion. Remonstrances from a friend, perior to ordinary mortality, and whose of whose intentions and kindness he was powers were beheld with wonder, and secure, had often great weight with him ; something approaching to terror, as if but there were few who could venture we knew not whether they were of good on a task so difficult. Reproof he en. or of evil, is laid as soundly to rest as dured ith impatience, and reproach the poor peasant whose ideas never went hardened him in his error,—so that he beyond his daily task. The voice of often resembled the gallant war-steed, just blame and of nalignant censure are who rushes forward on the steel that wounds him. In the most painful crisis a space of nearly sixteen years. There of his private life, he evinced this irri- has been no reposing under the shade of tability and impatience of censure in his laurels, no living upon the resource of such a degree, as almost to resemble the past reputation ; none of that coddling noble victim of the bull-fight, which is and petty precaution which little authors more maddened by the squibs, darts, call - taking care of their fame.” Byron and petty annoyances of the unworthy let his fame take care of itself. His foot crowds beyond the lists, than by the lance was always in the arena, his shield hung of his nobler, and so to speak, his more always in the lists; and although his legitimate antagonist. In a word, much own gigantic renown increased the diffi. of that in which he erred was in bravado culty of the struggle, since he could proand scorn of his censors, and was done duce nothing, however great, which exwith the motive of Dryden's despot, ceeded the public estimates of his genius, “ to shew his arbitrary power.”. It is yet he advanced to the contest again and needless to say that his was a false and again and again, and came always off prejudiced view of such a contest; and with distinction, almost always with comif the noble bard gained a sort of triumph, plete triumph. As various in composi. by compelling the world to read poetry, tion as Shakspeare himself (this will be though mixed with baser matter, because admitted by all who are acquainted with it was his, he gave in return, an unwor- his “ Don Juan,”) he has embraced every thy triumph to the unworthy, besides topic of human life, and sounded every deep sorrow to those whose applause, in string on the divine harp, from its slightest his cooler moments, he most valued. to its most powerful and heart-astounding
It was the same with his politics, tones. There is scarce a passion or a which on several occasons assumed a tone situation which has escaped his pen; and menacing and contemptuous to the con. he might be drawn, like Garrick, between stitution of his country ; while, in fact, the weeping and the laughing muse, al. Lord Byron was in his own heart suffi- though his most powerful efforts have ciently sensible, not only of his privilege certainly been dedicated to Melpomene. as a Briton, but of the distinction at His genius seemed as prolific as various. tending his high birth and rank and was The most prodigal use did not exhaust peculiarly sensitive of those shades which his powers, nay,
seemed rather to increase constitute what is termed the manners of their vigour. Neither “ Childe Harold, a gentleman. Indeed, notwithstanding nor any of the most beautiful of Byron's his having employed epigrams, and ali carlier tales, contain more exquisite morthe petty war of wit, when such would sels of poetry than are to be found scat. have been much better abstained from, tered through the cantos of “ Don Juan,” he would have been found, had a colli. amidst verses which the author appears sion taken place between the aristocratic to have thrown off with an effort as spon. parties in the state, exerting all his ener- taneous as that of a tree resigning its gies in defence of that to which he natu- leaves to the wind. But that noble tree rally belonged. His own feeling on these will never more bear fruit or blossom ! subjects he has explained in the very last It has been cut down in its strength, and canto of Don Juan; and they are in the past is all that remains to us of Byron. entire harmony with the opinions which we can scarce reconcile ourselves to the we have seen expressed in his correspon- idea-scarce think that the voice is silent dence, at a moment when matters ap- for ever, which, bursting so often on our peared to approach a serious struggle in ear, was often heard with rapturous ad. his native country :
miration, sometimes with regret, but al. “He was as independent---ay, much more,
ways with the deepest interest :Than those who were not paid for indepen
“ All that's bright must fade, As common soldiers, or a common------Shere,
The brightest still the feetest.»
With a strong feeling of awful sorrow, Who do not give professional attendance.
we take leave of the subject. Death Thus on the mob all statesmen are as eager To prove their pride, as footmen to a beggar."
creeps upon our most serious as well as
upon our most idle employments; and it We are not, however, Byron's apolo. is a reflection solemn and gratifying, that gists, for now, alas ! he needs none. His he found our Byron in no moment of excellencies will now be universally ac- levity, but contributing his fortune and knowledged, and his faults (let us hope hazarding his life, in behalf of a people and believe) not remembered in his epi- only endeared to him by their past glotaph. It will be recollected what a part ries, and as fellow-creatures suffering un. he has sustained in British literature since the first appearance of “Childe Harold," nave
fallen in a crusade for freedom and
humanity, as in olden times it would have until it had gone through the above cerebeen an atonement for the blackest crimes, mony; and I frequently shuddered at may in the present be allowed to expiate seeing the children draw a razor over their greater follies, than even exaggerated ca. tongue as unconcerned as if it had been lumny has propagated against Byron. an ivory paper-knife. We had a con.
vincing proof of the importance attached
to the above custom, in one poor woman The Selecior; whom I detected going over the side with
an ice-axe upon her shoulder, which, fan,
cying she had stolen it, I ordered to be CHOICE EXTRACTS FROM
taken from her. This she loudly and VEW WORKS.
firmly resisted, crying bitterly, and look
ing anxiously round for the person from ANECDOTE OF BURKE.
whom she had received it, making signs
that it had been given in exchange for a WALKING home late one evening from very handsome seal-skin jacket which she the House of Commons, Mr. Burke was had been observed to wear, and at the accosted by one of those unfortunate
same time licking every part of the axe, women who linger out existence in the
to show it had been a bargain. By this streets, with solicitations, which, per- we were convinced that some one had ceiving they were not likely to have effect; been despicable enough to give this poor she changed her manner at once, and creature an article which he knew would begged assistance in a very pathetic and be taken from her again. When a butseemingly sincere tone. In reply to in- ton or other trifle was given as a present, quiries made, she stated herself to have without demanding an exchange, it did been lady's maid in a respectable family, not receive the customary licking. Noand being seduced by her mistress's son, thing can equal the eagerness for barter had at length been driven, through gra- evinced by these savages, or the frenzy dations of misery, to her present forlorn they exhibited to possess a nail or any state ; she confessed herself to be wretched other trifle. To describe the various mobeyond description, and looked forward to dulations of their screams of joy or anxdeath as her only relief. The conclusion of iety would be absolutely
impossible. We, the tale brought Mr. Burke to his door : however, in the general confusion, were turning round with much solemnity of of opinion, that the word used for barter manner, he addressed her : “ Young was* “ Chí bo ;” for it was repeated in woman, you have told a pathetic story, every key to which the human voice can whether true or not is best known to be raised. “ Pille tay” was also clamor. yourself; but tell me, have you a settled ously and frequently repeated ; and we and serious wish to quit your present way had no doubt that it implied “ give of life, if you have the opportunity of so me,” all ages and sexes being most in. doing?”—“ Indeed, Sir, I would do any defatigable beggars. They were, howthing to quit it.” “ Then come in,” was ever, traders as long as they had any the reply. “Here, Mrs. Webster,” said stock. From the men we purchased he to the housekeeper, who lived in the oil, weapons, and ivory; the women family for about 30 years, here is a new supplied us with skins, ornaments, little recruit of the kitchen; take care of her pouches, &c.; and from the children for the night, and let her have every thing were procured small toys and models, suitable to her condition, till we can in their parents directing them in their barform Mrs. Burke of the matter.” She gains and beggings also. There was one remained a short time under the eye of the little child, who,
having no merchandize family, was then provided with a place, to dispose of, ran about holding up the and turned out afterwards a well-behaved red legs of a dovekie, in hopes that their woman.--Prior's Life of Burke.
colour might attract a customer ; but meeting with no success, the poor little
trader was returning disconsolate to his ESQUIMAUX TRAFFIC.
mother, when a button which I gave him A VERY singular custom prevails amongst put the poor child quite into raptures, the Esquimaux in concluding the most and underwent more kissing than button trifling bargain; for no sooner have they ever received before. received an article in exchange for their Both sexes eagerly sold their clothes, goods, than it is instantly applied to the and some went away nearly naked, nota tongue, and licked several times previous withstanding the severity of the weather. to being put away in security. What. I must, however, say, in justice to the ever might be the article given, even if a softer sex, that they were more correct in sharp razor, the bargain was not concluded the choice of what parts of their clothing they would dispose of, than the men; for a man's ideas are as much his own pro. I do not remember to have seen a single perty as an estate or any other possession. sady part with her breeches, while the I applied myself most studiously to gentlemen were by no means so scrupu. carry my project into execution: I drew lous, and evinced no shame at appearing up a memorial, formed estimates and nearly naked.
maps, and, thus prepared, presented my. A nail was considered a fair equivalent self at the minister's, of whom I requested for a spear with ivory head, and with line an audience. At first, I had to address and bladder attached to it.' Small pieces myself to a porter, who was not particuof iron hoop were equally valuable ; and larly affable or civil; next to an attend. a knife might purchase any article. Saws, ant, who seemed to think himself very however, were the most eagerly inquired condescending in even noticing me; and for; and, had any been produced at first, then to a secretary, who spoke only in nothing else would have been taken. In monosyllables. At length, after repeated all exchanges, the natives showed as much visits and applications, I obtained the dejny as if they had acquired the greatest sired interview, at which I presented myriches, although, in many instances, they self with all the confidence of one who is were losers by the bargain.-Captain already sure of success. I was so fortu. Lyon's Private Journal.
nate as to be ordered to read my memorial, which I forth with did, in an emphatic tone of voice, while his excellency con
tinued to play with a little terrier. As THE AUDIENCE AND THE
soon as I had finished reading,
ing dialogue took place :-“Your project The following article is from the Nome Olviñes, is utterly impracticable; nothing can be or Spanish Forget me not.” For the trans- made of it." _“ If your lordship would lation we are indebted to the Literary Chro- be so kind as to tell me your reasons for nicle.]
thinking so "_“My reasons ! there POSSESSED with a mania for projects and is no occasion for reasoning about it. I speculations, after having wasted all my tell you it will not do.”_" Yet I flatter patrimony in plans, morals, memorials, myself- _" To no purpose. In the experiments, and schemes, I arrived at á first place, an exclusive privilege cannot certain metropolis (which I do not deem it be granted.”—“Yet, in a project of such prudent to name), with a plan of such vast vast utility- '_“In the next place, importance and so feasible, that I con. these two rivers are dry nearly half the ceived the government could do no less year.”—“But I had been informedthan furnish me with funds sufficient to “ Lastly, the canal would touch
the carry it into execution, and that the nation royal park, and his majesty is passionately would erect statues in honour of me, in fond of game, which would thus be scared every public place. My project was to away.' “ This last reason is an all. unite two rivers by means of a navigable sufficient one. I now abandon the plan canal, which would not only greatly faci. altogether, and beg your lordship to exlitate the communication between dif. cuse me.” ferent provinces, and render considerable I returned home, struck with admiradistricts more fertile, but likewise extend tion of his excellency's extensive informacommerce, promote navigation, and quad. tion on all that related to the subject, and ruple agricultural produce; in short, the of his zeal for the interests of his king ; reign of Saturn was to return once more and having deposited my papers in my upon the earth, attended with all those bless. portfolio, went to the opera. I had ings which, with their usual veracity, poets hardly entered the house, when I perceived have delighted to attribute to it. As Iyield- the handsome Marchioness. ed to no former projector in the grandeur of in her box, to whom I had been intromy schemes, so was I behind hand with duced some months before at Paris, and none in disinterestedness and generosity; whom I knew to possess considerable in. for, in return for these public advantages, fuence with diplomatists, ministers, marI demanded nothing-absolutely nothing, shals, and journalists. I immediately for myself. All that I required was, that went to her, and related my adventure. government should advance me capital for On hearing my story, the marchioness the undertaking, and should give me the laughed heartily, telling me, however, at exclusive privilege of collecting the tolls the same time, not to be discouraged, as and duties arising from the canal ; than the minister was a particular friend of which nothing can assuredly be more hers, and that every thing should be arreasonable, since we ought all of us to ranged to my wishes.
« Obtain for me, live by our own labours and I have read then, another audience- “Ву по in some writer on political economy, that means," returned the marchioness, “but
you shall make him a visit. Come to me village of Watertown, Massachusetts, in to-morrow evening, at nine o'clock; and the l'nited States, an extraordinary cavern, leave the rest to me.
the entrance to which is about 600 paces Accordingly, the following evening I from the river. A traveller, who has dewas punctual to the hour, having dressed scended into it, details the following parmyself suitably to the occasion. We got ticulars : into the marchioness's carriage, and drove Our first advance is by a path that has to the minister's, where the attendants re. been dug five feet below the surface of the ceived us as the intimate friends of his adjacent soil ; there is then a descent, to excellency. Scarcely had we entered the a depth of sixteen feet and a half, to ar. saloon, when my protectress took the rive at the first chamber, which is twenty minister aside, and when the conference feet long by sixteen broad. Opposite the was ended, he condescended to call me to entrance is a large flat stone or table, him, and the following dialogue took formed by a rock: it is from twelve to place :- Well, Sir, and how does your fourteen feet square, and two feet in thick. plan go on?”—“ Very badly, your excelness. Enormous stalactites descend from lency.
The difficulties which I perceive the vault to this stone. On the left is a will attend its execution- 6. Leave vaulted path, 150 feet in length; and on all preamble, and tell me at once what the right another vaulted path, six feet these great difficulties are.”—“ In the broad, and as many in height, leading to first place an exclusive privilege cannot a considerable chamber. Proceeding in be granted.”—“ To be sure we do not this direction, we come to a hall a hun. grant them on every occasion, but when dred feet long, by ten broad, varying in a man of merit and a most useful project its height from eight to five feet. The are concerned, there will be no difficulty vault is supported by columns and arin this respect.”-“ And then, as the cades, and the sides are covered with rivers are apt to be driedup- “Who stalactites as
white as snow,
folded can possibly have told you such an idle variously, like rich silver stuffs of elegant story. They actually overflow every year, drapery. Towards the middle of this hall, and occasion great damage by doing so." facing the entrance, is an arched door-way,
“Yet his majesty is so passionately through which we pass into another large fond of game
-” “ Aye, on the table, hall, which, like the former, is embellished _but he has never, in all his life, even with crystallizations. handled a fowling-piece. No, sir, these Returning to the great hall, we enter, are idle objections. There is no difficulty through another arcade, into an endless whatever in the business. See my secré. number of partitions, communicating with tary in the morning, and he will adjust each other, and filled with stalactites. every thing.”
After this suite of apartments, there is a In fact, I waited the next day on that descent of ten feet ; here we find a chamber personage, whom I found most eager to of about twenty feet square, and twelve in serve me: the attendant before of whom height. In a corner of it is a small eleva. I before complained was most courteous, tion, twelve feet in diameter, and three in and even the porter seemed to have been height; the top is hollowed, and filled studying politeness. In short, the pro. with water, which drops from the stalacject obtained the requisite sanction; and tites. Leaving this chamber, we enter when I went to thank the marchioness for a large gallery, where there is another her kind services, not forgetting an ele. basin filled with limpid water. gant cachemire shawl and a diamond
The number and extent of the com. necklace, as trifling marks of my gra. partments, the beauty of the stalactites titude ; she laughed heartily, and said, that cover the walls,—the numberless you now know the difference there is crystallizations of the vault
, distilling or between an Audience of, and a Visit to, dropping water, the columns of spath. a great man.
resting on pedestals, that seem cut out artificially to support them,-the reverbera
tion of the lights,—the various forms SPIRIT OF THE
produced by the crystallizations, combined
to give a magical effect to this wonderful Public Journals.
cavern, and render it one of the most
magnificent spectacles any where to be GREAT CAVERN IN NORTH AMERICA.
When first discovered, it attracted
crowds of visitors to Watertown ; but as There has been lately discovered, on many made free with what they found, the northern bank of the Black River, in breaking off and carrying away pieces of the grounds of Mr. Bayze, opposite the its contents, the proprietor blocked up the