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And when I use the plorase of Auld Lang Syne;' Lordship were not at variance with the in
'Tis not addressed to you---the more's the pity tentions of his guardian. The lady, For me, I would rather take my wine With you, than aught, (save Scott,) in your however, from family circumstances, and proud city :
perhaps still more from an early-formed But, somehow, it may seem a school-boy's whine, attachment to J. M-sters, Esq. then
And yet I seek not to be grand nor witty, honoured, from his fashionable notoriety, But I am half a Scot by birth, and bred
with the more familiar appellation of A whole one, and my heart flies to my head.” This is not the only instance in which being a willing ward.
“ the gay Jack M-sters," was far from
His Lordship's Lord Byron exhibits his attachment to pride would not suffer him to woo a Scotland.
His remembrances of the reluctant fair one in propria persone, yet scenes of his childhood are recorded in an
he expressed the warmth of his feelings early poem on Loch na Garr, a mountain
very frequently in his invocations of the which he describes as one of the most
Muses. sublime and picturesque amongst our Mr. M-sters was a pretty constant Caledonian Alps .” Though the verses
attendant upon Niss C -th, and for were among his earliest poetical efforts the purpose of avoiding him, Mr.Wh-te, they have much poetical force, and are by his two sisters, Lord Byron, and the unno means devoid of harmony, as may be willing fair, were dragged in rapid sucseen from the following extract:
cession from one watering-place to another “Ah! there my young footsteps in infancy wan- throughout the country, while he followed der'd,
in pursuit. They first went to Buxton, My cap was the bonnet, my cloak was the plaid;
thence to Matlock, and from there, On Chieftains long perish'd my memory pon- much against the will of Miss Cth, As daily 1 strode through the pine-covered they fled at his approach. At these places
our noble hero entered with great corI sought not my home till the day's dying glory diality into all the fashionable amuse
Gave place to the rays of the bright polar ments of the time; and, though he For fancy was cheer'd by traditional story,
affected a wish not to be known, he was Disclosed by the natives of dark Loch na generally distinguished by the hilarity of Garr."
his heart, the urbanity of his manners, Among the early amusements of his and the buoyancy of his animal spirits Lordship, were swimming and managing and intellectual powers. His Lordship, a boat, in both of which he is said to have however, was well known to be for one acquired a great dexterity even in his very fashionable and very frequent amusechildhood. In his aquatic
excursions near ment naturally unfit; hence he always Newstead Abbey, he had seldom any expressed, if not by language, yet by other companion than a large Newfound- strong unequivocal symptoms, an utter land dog, to try whose sagacity and fidelity, abhorrence to dancing. In other respects he would sometimes fall out of the boat, he promoted every thing conducive to the as if by accident, when the dog would conviviality of the company. One mornseize him and drag him ashore. On ing a party who were at the New Bath losing this dog, in the autumn of 1808, came somewhat later than usual to breakhis Lordship caused a monument tó fast, and requested some tongue. They be erected, commemorative of its attach- were told that his Lordship had eaten it all. ment, with an inscription, from which we “I am very angry with his Lordship,' extract the following lines :
said a lady, loud enough for him to hear
the observation. “Ye who, perchance, behold this simple urn.
“ I am sorry for it, Pass on--it honours none you wish to mourn! madam,” retorted Lord Byron, “ but To mark a friend's remains these stones arise before I ate the tongue I was assured that I never knew but one, and here he lies."
you did not want it.” A retort by no His Lordship, when very young, was means gallant. placed under the guardianship of Mr. It was useless, however, contending Wh_te, an eminent solicitor, who, by a with destiny. His Lordship’s fate was not singular coincidence of circumstances, had to be united with that of Miss Cth, likewise become the guardian of the ac- notwithstanding the ardency of his atcomplished Miss Ch-worth, whose father tachment, and the influence of their had formerly fallen a victim to the deadly guardian. resentment of a very near relative of his In the course of this amour, and parti. Lordship.
cularly towards its termination, Lord To this lady, notwithstanding the Byron addressed some beautiful lines to family feud, it was the wish of their the fair, wayward object of his affections. guardian, Lord Byron should be united Many of those amatory morceaux display and there are pretty strong grounds for considerable poetical excellence, mingled supposing that the inclinations of his with much richness and tenderness of
feeling. The following stanzas are taken his feelings, to literary glory. The irrea; from Hours of Idleness, and although vocable decrees which successively de. they are not clothed in that glittering stroyed his enraptured anticipations of drapery of language and imagery with love and fame, drove him to the verge of which his Lordship's subsequent pieces madness, his mind and conduct were are adorned, we think they display much entirely metamorphosed, naturally mirthof talent, and we know they contain much ful, he became suddenly melancholy; he of truth :
shunned, despised, and hated every one ; “ Oh! had my fate been joined with thine,
the sulkiness of his disposition was conAs once this pledge appeared a token; verted into the gall of misanthropy; and These follies had not, then, been mine,
For then, my peace had not been broken. the conflicting passions, which like vul. To thee, these early faults I owe,
tures preyed upon the tenderest fibres of To thee, the wise and old reproving; his heart, goaded him to a determination They know my sins, but do not know
to quit the scenes where circumstances Twas thine to break the bonds of loving.
and associations only served to awaken For, once my soul, like thine was pure, recollections which harrowed and tor
And all its rising fires could smother; But now, thy vows no more endure,
tured his soul to madness. Bestow'd by thee upon another.
On arriving at the age of manhood, Perhaps, his peace I could destroy,
Lord Byron took a long leave of his And spoil the blisses that await him; native country, in the view of making a Yet, let my rival smile in joy, For thy dear sake I cannot hate him.
tour in foreign lands, but as the ordinary Ah! since thy angel form is gone,
course of travelling through Europe, was My heart no more can rest with any;
then impeded by the war which prevailed But what is sought in thee alone
between England and France, heembarked Attempts, alas ! to find in many.
at Falmouth for Lisbon. In 1809, he Then fare thee well, deceitful maid,
passed through Portugal and Spain, "Twere vain and fruitless to regret thee;
touched at Malta and Sicily, and proNor hope, nor memory yield their aid,
But pride may teach me to forget thee. ceeded to the Morea and Constantinople, Yet all this giddy waste of years,
during part of which tour he was accomThis tiresome round of palling pleasures; panied by Mr. John Cam Hobhouse, the These varied loves, these matron's fears, These thoughtless strains to passion's mea
present colleague of Sir Francis Burdett
in the representation of Westminster. He If thou wert mine, had all boon hush'd;
was not of that class of travellers who go This cheek now pale from early riot,
to learn, and his statements of fact are With passion's hectic ne'er had flush’d, not always to be relied on, as they take But bloom'd in calm domestic quiet.
the hue of his imagination, oftentimes Yes, once the rural scene was sweet,
brilliant and lively, sometimes splenetic For Nature seem'd to smile before thee; And once my breast abhorr'd deceit,
and froward, but generally forcible and For then it beat but to adore thee.
striking. A gentleman, at the request But, now, I seek for other joys;
of a friend, furnished his Lordship with To think, would drive my soul to madness :
introductory letters to the principal perIn thoughtless throngs, and empty noise, I conquer half my bosom's sadness.
sons at Malta. He presented the letters,
and was waited on in return by the indi. Yet even in these, a thought will steal, In spite of every vain endeavour;
viduals to whom they were addressed ; And fiends might pity what I feel,
but he refused their invitations, shut To know, that thou art lost for ever.”
himself up during the greater part of his The anguish produced by unrequited stay there, and of course had little, if any love and disappointed ambition on a opportunity of knowing any thing about mind like his Lordship’s, may be more the country or its inhabitants. Nevertheeasily conceived than described ;%fits of less, he presumes to say, “ the crime of gloominess and gaiety, desperation and assassination is not confined to Portugal. dissipation, alternately prevailed in rapid In Sicily and Malta we are knocked on succession, until the Muses, the invari. the head at a handsome average nightly ; able confidents of intense passion, gently and not a Sicilian or Maltese is ever soothed the irritation of his heart, by punished.” Nothing can be more erro. presenting to his over-credulous imagin- neous as regards Malta, and we are ation a bright perspective of poetical assured by a gentleman who resided there honours and perennial triumphs. He for four years, shortly previous to Lord shortly afterwards published his Minor Byron's visit, that out of a population of Poems. Their fate and its consequences, nearly 100,000 natives, with a garrison of in a literary point of view, have been 3 or 4,000 soldiers, and a harbour con, already described. This last and long- stantly frequented by great numbers of focherished hope was apparently blasted for reigners, only two persons were killed in ever, and he could no longer look for con- all that time; one by a robber who broke solation, under the extreme anguish of into a house to plunder it, and the other in
a drunken quarrel, in which he probably across; and it may in some measure be was the aggressor ; and on both occasions estimated, from the circumstance of the the police displayed the most laudable whole distance being accomplished by activity in endeavouring to bring the of. one of the parties in an hour and five, and fenders to justice. The Maltese, what by the other, in an hour and ten minutes. ever they may be now, were certainly at The water was extremely cold, from the that time as little given to assassination melting of the mountain snows. About as any nation in Europe.
three weeks before, we had made an atIn like manner Lord Byron charac- tempt; but having ridden all the way terised the Portuguese as a cowardly from the Troad the same morning, and
the water being of an icy chillness, we “Well doth the Spanish hind the difference know found it necessary to postpone the com'Twixt him and Lusian slave, the lowest of the pletion till the frigate anchored below the
castles, when we swam the Straits, as After the battle of Busaco, the glori. just stated, entering a considerable way ous campaign of 1810, and the expulsion above the European, and landing below of Massena's army from Lisbon, his the Asiatic, fort. Chevalier says, that a Lordship found he was mistaken ; and his young Jew swam the same distance for apology was curious. “As I found the his mistress; and Olivier mentions its Portuguese, so I have characterised them. having been done by a Neapolitan; but That they are since improved, at least in our Consul at Tarragona remembered courage, is evident.”
neither of those circumstances, and tried It is somewhat singular that his Lord. to dissuade us from the attempt. A ship should have then had a narrow number of the Salsette's crew were known escape from a fever in the vicinity of the to have accomplished a greater distance ; place where he has just ended his life, and the only thing that surprised me and when he experienced the fidelity of was, that as doubts had been entertained the Albanians.
of the truth of Leander's story, no tra" When, in 1810," he says,
after veller had endeavoured to ascertain its the departure of my friend, Mr. Hob. practicability.” house, for England, I was seized with a The result of this notable adventure severe fever in the Morea; these men Lord Byron recorded in some lively lines, (Albanians) saved my life, by frighten- comparing himself with Leander, and coning away my physician, whose throat cluding thus :they threatened to cut, if I was not cured
“ Twere hard to say who fared the best; within a given time. To this consolatory Sad mortals, thus the Gods still plague you. assurance of posthumous retribution, and
He lost his labour, I my jest;
For he was drown'd, and I've the ague.” a resolute refusal of Dr. Romanelli's prescriptions, I attribute my recovery. When Lord Byron and his company I had left my last remaining English ser visited Athens, they were greatly mortivant at Athens; my dragoman, or inter- fied, and thoroughly indignant, to see the preter, was as ill as myself, and my poor place dismantled of many of the beauties arnaouts nursed me with an attention which had rendered the spot, even in its which would have done honour to civili. dilapidated state, sacred in the estimation zation."
of all travellers who possessed any reveWhile the Salsette frigate, in which rence for the genius of antiquity. But Lord Byron was a passenger to Constan- the ravages of time, and those committed tinople, lay in the Dardanelles, a dis- by barbarians, bore no comparison to the course arose among some of the officers extent of the spoliation recently perperespecting the practicability of swimming trated in the name, and by the orders of across the Hellespont.-Lord Byron and an English ambassador at the Porte, who Lieutenant Ekenhead agreed to make the had exerted his influence so effectually trial; they accordingly attempted this as almost to demolish several of the finest enterprise on the 3rd of May, 1810. The of the temples that were then remaining. following is the account given of it by his After this it was too much in the spirit of Lordship:--
Erostratus for the same nobleman to cause “ The whole distance from Abydos, his own name, together with that of his the place from whence we started, to our wife, to be inscribed on a pillar of the landing at Sestos on the other side, in. temple of Minerva. This extraordinary cluding the length we were carried by the mark of vanity, however, was actually current, was computed by those on board executed in a very conspicuous manner, the frigate at upwards of four English and deeply engraved in the marble, at a miles ; though the actual breadth is considerable elevation. Lord Byron, on barely one. The rapidity of the current beholding this inscription, was so much is such, that no boat can row directly hurt, and conceived such an abhorrence
of this presumption, which he considered poem of Don Juan was intended as a as almost amounting to sacrilege, that portrait of his mother, than which nowith great labour, and difficulty, he got thing can be more erroneous. Lord Byron himself raised up to the requisite height, always spoke of his mother in terms of and obliterated the name of the Earl, but affection. “ In the short space of one gallantly left that of the lady untouched. month,” says he, “ I have lost her who Besides this act of zeal, he adopted an gave me being, and most of those who other and severer method of humbling had made that being tolerable. To me the pride of his brother peer; for, on the the lines of Young are no fiction :"west side of the same temple, he caused
• The shaft flew thrice, and thrice my peace was the following monkish lines to be very lain, &c.' deeply cut, in large characters :
The other two individuals alluded to, “ Quod non fecerunt Goti, Hoc fecerunt Scoti."
were a Mr. Matthews of Cambridge, and
the Hon. J. W. of the Guards. Of the But, the resentment of Lord Byron latter he speaks thus feelingly :was not limited to mere localities. He invoked his powerful muse on the occa
“Oh, known the earliest, and esteem'd the most!
Dear to a heart where nought was left so dear! sion, and, as if he had been actually in Though to my hopeless days for ever lost, spired by the genius of the place, he In dreams deny me not to see thee here!
And morn in secret shall renew the tear wrote a poem, the opening part of which,
Of consciousness awaking to her woes, constitutes the introduction to the second And fancy hover o'er thy bloodless bier, canto of Childe Harold, but the remainder
Till iny frail frame return to whence it rose,
And mourn'd and mourner lie united in repose." was suppressed as being too caustic for publication. The public has not, how
After an absence of nearly three ycars, ever, lost his Lordship’s opinions on this Lord Byron revisited his native shores, subject, for in his short poem of the
and exhibited the advantages of travelCurse of Minerva, he has been very
ling in his “Childe Harold,” the plan of severe on the conduct of the Earl of which was laid in Albania and prosecuted Elgin, in despoiling the Parthenon dur. at Athens, where it received some of its ing his embassy to the Ottoman Porte.
finest touches and most splendid ornaMinerva is described as recounting the ments.
The hint of adapting the style spoliation of Athens by various hands, and stanza of Spenser to a journal of and particularly Lord Elgin, whom the travels and opinions, was taken from an goddess thus denounces:--
observation of Dr. Beattie, on which
Lord Byron formed the plan of giving to “ Mortal! (the blue-eyed maid resumed once the world a poetical history of his obser
more) Bear back my mandate to thy native shore;
vations in foreign lands. The way in Though fallen, alas! this vengeance yet is mine, which the appearance of the poem of To turn my counsels far from lands like thine. Childe Harold was greeted by the EdinHear, then, in silence, Pallas' stern behest, Hear, and believe, for time will tell the rest :
burgh Reviewers is amusing. First on the head of him who did the deed Byron has improved marvellously,” said My curse shall light, on him and all his seed; they, “ since his last appearance at our Without one spark of intellectual fire,
tribunal; and this, though it bear a very Be all his sons as senseless as their sire: If one with wit the parent-breed disgrace, affected title, is really a volume of very Believe him bastard of a better race;
considerable power.' Still with his hireling Artists let him prate, And folly's praise repay for wisdom's hate.
It soon appeared that his Lordship had Long of her Patron's gusto let them tell, a great facility of writing. He published Whose noblest native gusto---is to sell :
in rapid succession the Giaour, the Bride To sell, and make (may shame record the day) The State receiver of his pilfer'd prey !
of Abydos, and the Corsair, the first in
scribed to Mr. Rogers, the second to Lord And last of all, amidst the gaping crew,
Holland, and the third to Mr. Thomas Some calm spectator, as he takes his view In silent admiration, mix'd with grief,
Moore. The spirit and brilliancy of all Admires the plunderer, but abhors the thief: these poems were great. In the dedicaLoathed in life, scarce pardoned in the dust,
tion of the “ Corsair,” he said it was the May hate pursue his sacrilegious lust; Link'd with the fool who fired th’Ephesian dome, last production with which he should Shall vengeance follow far beyond the tomb. trespass on public patience for some years Erostratus and * * * * * e'er shall shine
-a sort of promise which poets are not In many a branding page and burning line. Alike condemn'd for aye to stand accursed,
much expected to keep, and are easily Perchance the second viler than the first.
excused for breaking. This dedication So let him stand, through ages yet unborn,
so highly flattering to the talents of Mr. Fix'd statue on the pedestal of scorn!”
Moore, was as follows :In 1811, Lord Byron's mother died, 66 My dear Moore_ I dedicate to you and he regretted her loss in terms of filial the last production with which I shall affection, though some of the daily papers trespass on public patience, and your in. have asserted that Donna Inez in his dulgence, for some years; and I own
that I feel anxious to avail myself of this
There are two souls whose equal flow,
In gentle streams so calmly run, latest and only opportunity of adorning
That when they part--they part !---ah, no! my pages with a name, consecrated by They cannot part--those souls are one.” unshaken public principle, and the most
Within a few weeks, however, after undoubted and various talents. While the separation took place, Lord Byron Ireland ranks you among the firmest of suddenly left the kingdom with the resoher patriots ; while you stand alone the lution never to return. first of her bards in her estimation, and
He crossed over to France, through Britain ratifies and confirms the decree, which he passed rapidly to Brussels, permit one, whose only regret, since our taking in his way a survey of the field of first acquaintance, has been the years he Waterloo. He proceeded to Coblentz, had lost before it commenced, to add the and thence up the Rhine as far as Basle. humble, but sincere suffrage of friend. After visiting some of the most remark, ship, to the voice of more than one na
able scenes in Switzerland, he proceeded
to the North of Italy. He took up his On the 2nd of January, 1815, Lord abode for some time at Venice, where he Byron married, at Seham, in the county
was joined by Mr. Hobhouse, who acof Durham, the only daughter of Sir companied him in an excursion to Rome, Ralph Milbank Noel, Baronet, and to- where he completed his Childe Harold. wards the close of the same year, his
During the residence of Lord Byron at Lady brought him a daughter, for whom Venice, the hou of a shoemake he always manifested the strongest affec
destroyed by fire; and every article betion. Within a few weeks, however, longing to the poor man being lost, he after that event, a separation took place, for which various causes have been stated. was, with a large family, reduced to a
most pitiable condition. The noble bard This difference excited a prodigious sen- having ascertained the afflicting circum, sation at the time, and was the last stab
stances of this event, ordered a new and to the happiness of his Lordship. We
superior habitation to be immediately would not aggravate the feelings of a
built for the sufferer ; in addition to which widowed mother, but justice to the me
he presented the unfortunate tradesman mory of the noble bard compels us to ex
with a sum equal in value to the whole press our conviction, that the separation of his lost stock in trade and furniture. on his part was involuntary, and although Another trait of his Lordship’s urbanity he vented his spleen in some angry verses, and beneficence may here be related :yet how deeply he loved Lady Byron Previous to his Lordship's marriage, will be seen from the following stanzas, when he resided in the Albany, a young which he addressed to her a few months lady of poetical talent, but not successful before their separation:
in her literary attempts, found herself in
volved in difficulties, owing to the misTO JESSY.
fortunes of her family. Those friends “ THERE is a mystic thread of life
who might have served her were abroad, So dearly wreathed with mine alone, and she knew not where to address them; That Destiny's relentless knife At once must sever both or none.
her distresses accumulated, and she felt
so severely the state of those who were There is a form on which these eyes
most dear to her, that she resolved to Have often gazed with fond delight; By day that form their joy supplies,
apply to Lord Byron, on the plea of auAnd dreams restore it through the night. thorship, by soliciting his subscription to There is a voice whose tones inspire
her poems. It is singular, that her idea Such thrills of rapture through my breast;
of his character was formed from his I would not hear a seraph choir,
works, the perusal of which made her Unless that voice could join the rest.
conclude him of an amiable disposition, There is a face whose blushes tell
and one who was much misunderstood by Affection's tale upon the cheek;
the world. Such as her imagination had But pallid at one fond farewell, Proclaims more love than words can speak.
portrayed him, she found him in reality.
She simply stated her motive for apply. There is a lip which mine hath prest, And none had ever prest before;
ing to him, and requested his subscripIt vowed to make me sweetly blest,
tion ; when he, in the most delicate man. And mine, mine only press it more. ner, prevented her from dwelling on any There is a hosom---all my own
painful subject, by immediately entering Hath pillow'd oft this aching head;
into some general conversation, in the A mouth which smiles on me alone,
course of which he wrote a draft, which An eye whose tears with mine are shed.
he folded up and presented to her, saying, There are two hearts whose movements thrill “ that was his subscription.” She did
In unison so closely sweet!
not, of course, look at the paper while That both must heave-or cease to beat. she remained with him, which was some