of the patient; and Jurics would do well, prehending what this soliloquy could before they return a verdict of “Mistake lead to, I stopped my employment, and by Poison,” to investigate the subject looking on the object that addressed me, thoroughly, and in many cases a very dif. I beheld what the withered foliage I had ferent verdict would be the consequence. swept aside were but, alas, a solemn

I now proceed to furnish you with two type of a poor, faded leaf. Thought I, simple tests, one or both of which few the kind hand of thy Divine Master will families are without ;-these are, Spirits ere many autumns sweep thee from this of Hartshorn and common Pearlash, perishing earth into a garden where, I Dissolve the suspected article in a glass trust, thou wilt bloom afresh in everlastof water, pour into it a little hartshorn, or ing summer.

Mrs. D. is some years some pearlash dissolved in water ;-if it turned of fifty; her form is cast in nabe Epsom Salts, a milkiness will im- ture's most delicate mould, and the many mediately ensue, owing to the precipita- struggles she has had with the iron hand tion of a white powder; if it be Oxalic of adversity, have cast a languid paleness Acid, a violent effervescence or hissing over her face. But the title of Gentlenoise takes place : thus readily distin- woman is written, or rather so interwoven guishing one from the other.

in her countenance and manner, that the From the virulence of the poison, fabric must totter into decay before the when once taken into the stomach, little characters can be entirely defaced. A few aid can be derived from medicine unless years ago she lived in respectability with applied imme tely. It generally occa

a beloved husband. Their all fell a sasions violent sickness; and the giving crifice to the misfortunes attending trade, magnesia or common chalk mixed in and now teaching a village school for water, sufficient to saturate the acid, is the paltry sum of four-pence a week, the only chance of saving the patient's each scholar, and that seldom regulife. It has frequently occurred to me, larly paid, is all they have to depend that publishing the name of a poison by on. What, said I, has happened ? Only which a person has destroyed himself a trifling circumstance, she replied, that (through the medium of the public papers) perhaps I ought not to have taken notice is more prejudicial to the community of. As I was coming over to my lodgthan otherwise, because it furnishes evil. ings to clean myself for the afternoon, in disposed persons with a weapon of de- front of yonder great house, I met a poor struction, of which they might have young woman with a basket and a roll of remained ignorant.

CLAVIS. Aannel under her arm. She stopped, and

making me a low curtsey, said, " I have THE GENTLEWOMAN,

been trying to find the way to your back door, my lady; for, perhaps you some

times buy such flannel as mine to give to It was a remark of Dr. Johnson's, “That the poor, and this is very good, and only Education might be bought, but it was seventeen-pence a yard.” I asked her easy to know a born Gentlewoman."

where she came from, (for by not knowMy poor neighbour, Mrs. D. came to ing that house was without a mistress, I me one morning (as I was sweeping perceived she was a stranger). She anmy garden-walk clean of the fallen leaves swered Nottinghamshire, and had never that lay scattered in abundance,) and been here before. A number of children with a smile that seemed to force its way had now collected round her basket, through the tears of wounded sensibility, which held worsted for knitting. She “ What,” said she, “ is in my appear- remarked how rude they were, and reance to cause any one to curtsey with buked them ; when fixing her attention respect, or suppose me mistress of yonder on one little girl, who had for some weeks mansion. My form I'm sure does not been my scholar, but whom her parents appear as if I fed at a luxurious table, had taken away, the sum of four-pence and as to my dress, it is with difficulty I being too much for them to pay, “Curtsey walk on these stony roads, for my shoes to that lady,” said she, “ do you know are almost without soles ; and to complete her ?” The poor innocent did as she my figure, I have been dirtying my poor was bid, but with a consciousness of it old gingham, by sweeping the school, so knew not what, hung its head, and mut. that you can hardly distinguish its origi. tered, yes it is my mistress.” This nal colour!” Yet I think it was not meant is the whole affair, and I again repeat it as an insult, for the poor woman seemed is not worth notice, but I am so enervated wishful to sell her goods and was a that trifles affect me, and while I wish to stranger—therefore could not know she forget myself, it is almost become my was recalling memory to look on scenes wish to be forgotten. she had turned her back on. Not com


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Paul. It is recorded as a miracle, that (To the Editor of the Mirror.)

“ notwithstanding abundance of rain

which fell in other parts of the city," SIR,_Having read in Nos. 45, 67, and (mark the sad change in transitory things, 69 of your interesting publication, some now a town) " yet not a drop fell where account of the legendary tale of St. Wini. the relics passed.”. Multitudes of pil. fred, perhaps some of your numerous grims resorted to the shrine, which, as readers are not aware (and you have a matter of course, would be much to the omitted to state), what became of her re- emolument of the monastery, and even mains after they had quietly rested above nobles, outvied each other in offering the five hundred years. This will serve to richest donations. Such was the credulity supply that deficiency, and be a further in these dark times of christianity; and illustration to what has been already ad- while we admire their outward zeal, we vanced.

can but pity their folly, ignorance, and In the reign of Stephen, when the suæ superstition. perstitious veneration for relics had arrived Shrewsbury, April 18, 1824. at their highest summit, the monks be

H. P. longing to the abbey of St. Peter and St. Paul, at Shrewsbury, were desirous to

LAMBETH. possess the remains of somc popular saint as to increase the celebrity of their house:

WHAT time the golden car of radiant day,

Beneath the surface of the western wave, Wales seeming a likely place for the ac. Has sunk, and gives to milder eve her reign; complishment of their wishes, and they Far from Augusta's noisy streets to fly, fixed upon St. Winifred. After a deal of Where business bustles, and where commerce

rules, fruitless negociations with the priest and 'Tis pleasing, then to walk, where on the Thames inhabitants of Gwytherim, (where she Dark frowns the Lollard's tower, where trees was buried) who were unwilling to part Saint Mary rears her venerable spire.

Umbrageous form the Bishop's Walk,--or where with what they thought such precious Where on the margin of the Thames, the tall relics, the Abbot, Herbert, obtained an

O'er the head their ancient branches wave. order from Henry I. for their translation

Let Hist'ry come of truth and wisdoin born, to his monastery, under the pretence that And charming fancy with her witch'ry wild. the body of so entinent a martyr could And while History with her magic wand, only be enshrined with any degree of Let fancy to the wond'ring, mental eye, magnificence within the church of a great In vivid colours paint each'various scene; abbey, and demanded the homage of a

To each historic tale of “ Other Times"

Give force, and energy, and vigour all. whole choir of monks, rather than the

In Lambeth, feasting with his subject friend poor rites of an obscure church in Wales. The Danish monarch * fell (son of that onet However, the inhabitants were too fond Who bade in mockery the wave retire, of the bones of their saint, to be easily A lesson useful taught) no rebel hand persuaded, and they remained inflexible, of life with violence the prince deprived, notwithstanding all the arguments used

Often to his lips the brimfull goblet to obtain them. Some skilful negocia. And her dictates wise--from the couch he sunk

Did he raise, in mad contempt of nature tors were at last commissioned to go and A lifeless corse ;---in vain the wassail cups, leave no expedient untried in their en.

Pass'd gaily round the joyous festive board; deavours to secure them; and these, by of royal goodness did re-echo wide ;

Iu vain the vaulted roof, with tbe acclaim pretended visions and divine admonitions, The royal patron of the feast was dead. at last prevailed upon the unsuspecting of many a changing age the standing test, Welsh to deliver up the dust of their Low lie the bands that reared thy structure high, saint, and they, as might be expected, And low the plotting heads that bade thee rise returned in triumph to Shrewsbury. On

To fierce dispute and to contention higb; their arrival they were deposited on the

To plans of policy and tricks of state

Saint Mary owes her consecrated spire. altar in St. Giles' Church, where prayers Where now those cavils ? those contentions now? were offered up night and day, until a

Press'd by a little dust they sleep in peace.1

'Twas in Saint Mary's porch one stormy night shrine' worthy their reception could be When direful winter's horrors reign'd supreme: prepared in the abbey church ; they there When every gale an icy coldness bore. remained till a day appointed by the

When fell the rain and when the tempest roar'd

England's queen bred in costly luxury, bishop for their removal, when the body To every care and each attention kind, of the saint was borne by priests in grand

* Hardycapute.

+ Cannte. procession towards the abbey, amidst an

| Saint Mary, Lambeth, was originally built immense crowd, who, as passed, shed at an early period, in consequence of a dispute tears of joy. It was received at the gates between one of our Saxon kings, and the monks

of Canterbury. of the monastery by the Lord Abbot, The wife of James the Second, on her busassisted by the whole convent, arrayed in hand's abdication, was obliged to fly from Lontheir richest vestments; and enshrined don, and seek a shelter in the porch

of Saint near the high altar of St. Peter and St, the appellation of the Chevalier St. George.

Mary's Church, with her son, who had afterwards Accustom'd from infantile years to feel.

The future annals of our happy land--
Now sought a shelter witb her infant son. Hail! mild religion, power divine,
From this historic tale, may greatness learn, Whose hopes with joy the truly good inspire,
How weak the highest pinnacle of power. Whose terrors only awe the guilty soul:
She x bose smiles her favourites watch'd with How different art thou from that power *

Who red from thy blood with witchery dark
Whose frowns cast a dark gloom on all around, Doth in thy form a phantasm raise---
(Like the idolater who anxious waits

To fright its votaries bigot fools withal
The bright rising of the power of day,

With knowledge and with freedom, hand in hand
But trembles when he sees the lightning's shaft Scatter thy blessings throughout every clime,
Or hears the bolt re-echo through the sky, And thro’ the world a sure reform produce.
Now to her breast she clasp'd her infant boy,

R. M.
And brav'd the terrors of the raging storm.

* Superstition.
No arm was there to succour or relieve,
Those whom once she too fondly deemed her

Her had forgotten in her adverse fate,
For why--they must the radiance adore

MR. EDITOR. As I am one of those of the sun that now display'd its rising beams.

who like to preserve their ideas on any
Within Saint Mary's consecrated sod,
Rest many worthy hearts and noble heads; subject which is particularly interesting
But there are two, a special notice claim, to them, I have frequently resolved to
Here sire and son---botanic Tradescants lie.*
Much useful knowledge England owes te ye,

offer to your notice some of those immeAnd many a beauteous flower

thodical compositions usually ycleped And useful plant to us unknown before.

essays, which have at various times proBut see where stands the Lollard's tower Of slavish bigotry the symbol still;

ceeded from my pen during a leisure hour. This is thy work, o ! Superstition this.

Among the subjects which have of late
Vhat time the hurch usurped the regal power,
When "bove the crown the mitre high was raised, that of marriage has given rise to several

most frequently occupied my attention,
When servile kings could hold the stirrup, while meditations ; the main points of which I
Upon his courser vaulted the proud priest. have committed to paper, and offer them
Superstition ! accursed power,

for reflection in the MIRROR.
From hieroglyphic Egypt's bigot land,
First did'st thou wing thy inauspicious flight: I have no wish to give the curious
And thence spread o'er the world a worse disease any information as to whether I am old,
Than e'er the filth of Cairo could produce.
When upon Asia's blood polluted shores,

young, or middle-aged, nor shall I write
Europa poured her sons in millions forth, myself bachelor, or married-man. I will
Did'st thou not smile to see the flocking crowd only avow myself a friend to the matri-
Bow to thy throne, and worship at thy shrine,
In the Crusade--- base libel on mankind,

monial state, being of opinion with the
When wither'd age raised its enfeeblid voice, poet
When woman, soft endearing woman,
Forgot the attributes her sex possess.

“When wedlock blesses, life has small alloy."
The pride of modesty, the fear of shame
Fought like a ruffian on the embattled field, though I equally agree in his next linen
When the child in steel, his limbs infantile clad,

“When wedlock curses, 'tis without a joy."
Strove to speak big and grasp the spear of war;
Then was thy triumph, Superstition, then

That it ever should absolutely be a
Thou did'st reign supreme---the mistress of man-

curse, (and I know this to be sometimes
Does not our English history wear a blush ? unhappily the case), I consider not merely
When she relates that he | who 'mid her sons
Holds a high place upon the rolls of fame,

owing to those faults of the parties which Whose deeds with glory shine upon her page: are the result of ordinary human frailty, Beneath whose prowess Gaul affrighted sunk,

but as arising especially from culpable Who wither'd the lilies of her haughty pride,

motives in the formation of the union, or And broke her sword of chivalry in twain. That he the generous--the royal Hal

from still more culpable conduct after it. By priestly arts and priestly plans misled,

Some are fond of affirming that wedlock
Should obstruct the glorious march of mind,
Crush the despotic hand, the wise and good; is a lottery, and that the chances are so
And in brave Cobham's blood his hands imbrue: great against the acquisition of a prize
Many an inmate hath yon tower contain'd;

that but little depends on conduct or con-
Many a one for worth and wisdom fam'd,
Born to illumine, to improve mankind,

sideration. They are eternally bringing Dar'd to be wise amid an ignorant age,

forward whatever vituperative opinions
To burst the clouds that held bright reason back. they can muster, to shew that fickleness
And shed on man its all inspiring ray,
There manacl'd like malefactors vile

and frivolity are the leading features of
They pass'd their joyless melancholy days the female character. They
Till death relieved their miseries and pain.

anon” ring in your ears a thousand Oh! ne'er may scenes like these again disgrace

changes on Milton's “ fair defect of * The elder Tradescant was gardener to Charles nature," or Byron's “ treachery is all the First; he visited Russia, and most parts of their trust,” &c. &c. and conclude with Europe, Turkey, Greece, many of the eastern

some such sage observation as that “if countries, out of which he introduced multitudes of plants and flowers, which were unknown to you must marry, why take the first you + The filth of Cairo is considered by Dr. Mead fancy, either for her wealth or beauty,

for all women are alike in their hu. as one of the causes of the plague. Henry V.

mours." I shall not address myself to

ever and

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these futile reasoners, but warn any, regard of women, who certainly is the more especially the young, from being proper party “ to be wooed and won.” deceived by assertions which betray either But let every man who would enjoy malamentable ignorance or heartless illibe- trimonial happiness, beware of taking rality.

for his partner in life one who may be I do not intend to take up my own time, strongly attached to him, but for whom or occupy your pages with an encomium he entertains no warmer feelings than cold on the cornubial state, or by adducing regard, or unimpassioned esteem.

Let reasons to prove it conducive to the social the love-sick fair one take heed of uniting happiness of mankind in general as well herself to one who has no congenial pas. as to that of the individuals who enter sion. Let her dread lest he should de upon it, since there are many and ex- cline from that kindness which art or cellent writers who have said quite suffi. even gratitude induced him to assume becient on this branch of the subject. My fore marriage, into coldness and indif. principal aim is to endeavour, by a little ference, and by degrees into total neglect. friendly advice and a few observations Who can paint the anguish of a sensitive founded on experience, to shew that al. bosom in such a situation ? All the most all the unhappinesses of married peo- warmth of her feelings checked by the ple owe their origin to imprudence in the repulsive coldness of an adored partner, choice of a partner, or from captiousness her unremitted attempts to please either and want of proper regard to each other's received with ill-dissembled weariness, or feelings after wedlock.

openly and cruelly slighted. It is my decided opinion that when a I shall here pause-concluding for the marriage has been contracted under as present with that admirable sentiment of favourable auspices as could possibly Thomson. arise, it is almost invariably the hus

“Naught but lore band's fault if the parties are not blessed Can answer love and render bliss secure." in their union. There is a feeling in the

Bion female heart which makes a woman naturally and fitly cling for support to him to whom she has surrendered her liberty ;

THE JOKE OF MATHEWS and which, in a well-regulated mind,

VERSIFIED. will induce her often to bear unprovoked A TRAV’LLER, some little time back, harshness without any open or even con

Was telling another a hist’ry, cealed resentment, though not without Whose manners betray'd a great lack

Of sense, to unravel the inystry. ine secret sigh of tender regret.

“Why, Sir, it is strange you can't see! Mutual affection is, undoubtedly the Or, perhaps, it don't meet your belief; only sure basis of that happiness, which Tis as simple as plain A. B. C.” wedlock ought always to produce ; and it

“Yes,” cries t'other," but I'm D. E. F." is from the want of this, that such innumerable matrimonial sorrows arise. It

RETRIBUTION. would be worse than idle to attempt a refutation of that most absurd of sayings, In the year 1745, a party of Cumberthat “ love will follow marriage,” which land's dragoons was hurrying through is daily disproved by common experience. Nithsdale in search of rebels. Hungry and Some are of opinion that though affection fatigued, they called at a lone widow's on one side is indeed necessary, yet that house, and demanded refreshment. Her mutuality of attachment may easily be son, a lad of sixteen, dressed them up dispensed with ; and think it sufficient lang kale and butter, and the good woif the love is all on one side, and no dis- man brought them new milk, which she like, but mere indifference on the other : told them was all her stock. One of the for, say they, the virtues of the one who party inquired, with seeming kindness, is warmly attached to the other, will pro- how she lived. “ Indeed," quoth she, duce esteem, which by unremitted kind “ the cow and the kale yard, wi' God's attention, will ripen into a lasting attach- blessing, is a' my maileu.He arose, ment. That this may now and then be and with his sabre killed the cow, and the case I will readily allow : but that it destroyed all the kale. The poor woman is always, or even generally so, I as posi- was thrown upon the world, and died of tively deny. When a man is devotedly a broken heart; the disconsolate youth, attached to a woman, (I am not here her son, wandered away beyond the in speaking of a mere boyish flame, lighted quiry of friends or the search of com. by beauty, and formed by personal at passion. In the continental war, when tractions only,) he may very possibly suc- the British army had gained a great and ceed in rendering her truly fond of him signal victory, the soldiers were making by those attentions which usually win the merry with wine, and recounting their





exploits. A dragoon roared out, “I greatest miseries on the inhabitants, by once starved a Scotch witch in Nithsdale. their cruel butchèries in cold blood, and I killed her cow and destroyed her greens: dragging thousands into the interior to but,” added he, “ she could live for all sacrifice in their superstitious ceremonies. that on her God, as she said !” 66 And These invasions, in the last of which Cape don't you rue it ?” “ Rue what ?” said Coast Castle was blockaded, induced the he, “ Rue aught like that!” 66 Then, African Committee to send a mission to by my God," cried the youth, unsheath- the King of the Ashantees, in order to con. ing his sword, “ that woman was my ciliate and form a commercial treaty with mother! Draw, you brutal villain, draw.” him, as well as to gain all the informaThey fought; the youth passed his tion in their power respecting the extent sword twice through the dragoon's body, and resources of this kingdom, and the and, while he turned him over in the interior of Africa in general. throes of death, exclaimed, “ Had you The mission, consisting of Mr. James, rued it, you should have only been Mr. Bowditch, Mr. Tedlie, and Mr. Hutpunished by your God !”

chison, left Cape Coast Castle on the 22nd of April, 1817, accompanied by Ashantee

guides, and proceeding through the Fantee TOM JENKINS.

country, now desolated by their enemies, but still possessing much beautiful sce

nery, entered Coomassie, the capital, on (For the Mirror.)

the 19th of May, at two o'clock, passing TOM JENKINS was known as a cobler or snob, under a fetish, or sacrifice of a dead sheep, And never did Tom stand in want of a job; wrapped up in red silk, and suspended He whistled and labour'd from morning to night, between two lofty poles, and met by upAnd Tom's little shed was a shed of delight.

wards of 5,000 people, principally warYet Tom, be it told, fell a martyr to care; And why ?---Dolly Dimple was blooming and fair! riors, whose martial music and incessant Tom's lot was to mend the broke heel of her shoe, discharges of muskets were executed with And Tom never after a moment's ease knew.

a zeal bordering on frenzy, to make a In vain to the syren his passion he told-- strong impression on their visitors, while Doll's heart, like his lap-stone, was flinty and flags, English, Dutch, and Danish, were

cold: In vain he declared he would take her for life,

waved and flourished in all directions, Her nose was turn'd up at a Cobler's Wife. the captains discharging their blunderIn vain he presented the ring to her view :

busses so close as frequently to set the Tom Jenkins," she sang out,begone, it won't flags in blaze. In vain did he tell her his bosom's disaster

The dress of the captains was a war“ Tom Jenkins,” she answerd, “ I'm meat for cap, with gilded rams' horns projecting your master.”

in front, the sides extended beyond all Not a board in his stall but was cut with her proportion by immense plumes of eagles' Not a sigh that he breath'd but recorded his feathers, and fastened under the chin with flame!

bands of cowries. Their vest was of red Not a song that he sung from his sensitive mind, cloth, covered with fetishes and saphies, * But caroll’d the burden, “ dear Dolly be kind.” in gold and silver, and embroidered cases But, no! cruel Dolly rejoiced at his pain, of almost every colour, which flapped And banter'd his sorrows again and again; Nay, though he protested she'd kill him with against their bodies as they moved, interscoff,

mixed with small brass bells, the horns Still answer'd (sad hussey) Tom Jenkins, be and tails of animals, shells, and knives ;


long leopards' tails hung down their backs, over a small bow covered with

fetishes. They wore loose trowsers, with THE ASHANTEES.

immense boots of a dull red leather, CONSIDERABLE interest being excited coming half way up the thigh, and fasrespecting the Ashantees, in consequence tened by small chains to their cartouch or of the intelligence of their having de- waist belt: these were also ornamented feated our troops at Accra, we doubt not with bells, horses' tails, strings of amuthat an account of that nation, for it is lets, and innumerable shreds of leather ; not a mere tribe, will be deemed an ac- a small quiver of poisoned arrows hung ceptable article.

from their right wrist, and they heid a The Ashantees, a powerful nation in long iron chain between their teeth, with the interior of Africa, were first heard of a scrap of Moorish writing affixed to the by Europeans about the year 1700; but end of it. A small spear was in their left it was not until 1807 that one of their hands, covered with red cloth and silk armies reached the coast for the first time. tassels ; their black countenances heightIn 1811, and again in 1817, the Ashan.

* Scraps of Moorish writing, as charins, tees invaded Fantee, and inflicted the against evil.




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