« VorigeDoorgaan »
These words are much more expressive
" Come Gordon of Brac Aley, in the original Gaelic. When Borreray
Proud Gordon, come down:
There's a sword at your threshold had told this story and recited these lines
Mair sharp than your own. in the presence of the leaders of the
" Arise, now, gay Gordon," Macdonalds, they all declared their de.
His lady 'gan cry, termination not to attack the enemy,
“ Look here is bold Inverage Thus Maclean of Borreray, with great
Driving your kye.”
" How can I go, lady, satisfaction, effected his judicious and
And win thom agen? humane purpose ; and the Lord of the I have but ae sword, Isles left Mull without bloodshed.
And rude Inveraye ten."
With roke and with fan;
How bless'd would I been
Had I married a man! The musicians of Prince Esterhazy,
Arise up, my maidens, having had some altercation with the offi.
Take spear and take sword... cers of his household, threatened to quit
Go milk the ewes, Gordon,
And I shall be Lord." his service, which was permitted, from a conviction that they would soon change
The Gordon sprung up
With his helm on his head, their humour. The day, however, of
Laid his hand on his sword, their departure was fixed, and the even
And his thigh on his steed;. ing previous to their performing the last And he stoop'd low and said,
As he kiss'd his young dame, concert with which they were to entertain
• There's a Gordon rides out the Prince, the celebrated Haydn com
That will never ride hame." posed, for that occasion, a symphony,
There rode with fierce Inveraye the conclusion of which was of an extra
Thirty and three ;
Save his brother and he;
Two gallanter Gordons
Did never blade draw, Haydn wrote these words, “put out your Against swords four and thirty, candle, and go about your business." In
Woe is me what is twa. fact, the premier hautbois and the se- Wi' swords and wi' daggers cond French-horn retired first ; after They rush'd on him rude;
The twa bonnie Gordons them the second hautbois and the first
Lie bathed in their blude. horn ; then the bassoons, and so on with
Frae the source of the Dee, the rest of the performers ; until there To the mouth of the Spey, were left behind only two violins to finish
The Gordons mourn for him,
And curse Inveraye. the symphony. The Prince, all amazement, inquired of Haydn the meaning
0! were ye at Brackley?
And what saw you there? of an occurrence so singular, Haydn re
Was his young widow weeping plied, that the musicians were going
And tearing her hair? away, and that their carriages were at the I look'd in at Brackley
I look'd in, and, O! door waiting for them. The Prince had
There was mirth, there was feasting, the generosity to fetch them back : he
But nothing of woe. reproached them feelingly upon the man
As a rose bloom'd the lady, ner in which they were going to desert so
And blythe as a bride ; good a master : they threw themselves As a bridegroom, bold Inveraye at his feet, and again entered his ser
Smiled by her side ;
01 she feasted him there vice.
As she ne'er feasted lord, At an Oratorio in the Old Music While the blood of her husband' Hall at Paris, some years since, the sym
Was moist on his sword. phony, with all its pantomime, was per- In her chamber she kept him formed to the great diversion of the
Till morning grew gray, public.
Through the dark woods of Brackley
She show'd him the way: " Yon wild hill,” she said,
* Where the sun's shining on, SPIRIT OF THE
Is the hill of Glentannar,
Now kiss and begone."
There is grief in the cottage,
There's mirth in the ha',
For the good gallant Gordon
That's dead and awa ;
To the bush comes the bud,
And the flower to the plain,
But the good and the brave
They come never again.
London Magazine. And ealled loud at Brackley gate
Ere the day dawning :
The Selector ;
stock would bear a high premium ; and
ment passed an act, empowering the di. CHOICE EXTRACTS FROM rectors to raise the money necessary for NEW WORKS.
so great an undertaking, than the com-
The act authorised the directors “ to open
to such public creditors as were willing
to exchange the security of the crown for The South Sea Company is one of the that of the South Sea Company, with the most inert trading corporations in the me- advantages of sharing in the emoluments tropolis, and remains torpid while all that might arise from their commerce.” around it is life and animation. It was The public, not then so familiar with established by act of parliament, in the a national debt, as they have since beyear 1711, under the title of “ The Com. come, had seen, that while the debts due pany of Merchants of Great Britain, to the army and navy rested with the gotrading to the South Seas and other parts vernment, the seamen's tickets, a substi. of America, and for encouraging the tute for money, were sold at a loss of 40 Fishery.” But although it thus appeared or 50 per cent. : they had also seen, that a commercial body, yet its operations were
no sooner had the South Sea Company principally financial, and have long been guaranteed those debts than they were wholly so. It had its origin in the liquidated ; and they felt the utmost conarrears due to the army and navy, which fidence in the plan,—so much so, that exceeded nine millions; this the South before the bill received the royal assent, Sea Company agreed to pay off, and ad. South Sea Stock had risen to above 300 vancing an additional sum of upwards of per cent. 800,0001., which made the whole loan to The promoters of the scheme are said Government ten millions ; credit was to have exaggerated the profits ; rumours given to that amount, and the interest were at the same time circulated, that the fixed at 600,0001. a-year.
company, by monopolizing the whole of As this measure had been executed with the national funds, would reduce govern. success, and the value of South Sea stock ment to the necessity of taking loans for had advanced above par, the directors them on their own terms, and that by made a proposal to government, which their wealth they would possess such in. under more favourable circumstances fluence in parliament as to be able to de. might have proved equally beneficial, since pose ministers when they pleased, and the plan has been partly acted upon by the remodel the government at their own present ministers in the reduction of the pleasure. The public, intoxicated with 4 per cent. stock. The plan of the direc- these ideas, purchased with avidity; and tors of the South Sea Conipany was, to
the stock, which at Christmas, 1719, was be allowed to purchase at different periods, only 126, rose at the opening of the first the whole of the funded debts of the subscription, on the 14th of April, to crown, and by reducing the rate of in. above 3261. : thus the creditors of the terest, to render the capital more easily nation made over a debt for 1001. for 33} redeemable. The debts thus agreed to be in South Sea Stock. As the frenzy purchased amounted to 31,667,5511. ls. spread, and the desire of making rapid 14d. For the privilege of adding this to fortunes became contagious, the stock their capital stock, and for some exclusive successively rose to above 1,000 per cent., advantages to be gained by a treaty with at which price the books were opened for Spain, the directors agreed to advance to the fourth subscription on the 24th of government 7,723,8091. So immense a August; and this subscription, notwithsacrifice for a benefit that under any cir- standing the market price of the estacumstances did not seem to warrant it, blished stock was 800, was sold the same had, however, a very contrary effect to day at a premium of 30 or 40 per cent. wat might have been expected. The Although this excessively rapid rise directors had calculated on gaining one
was excited by various exaggerated stateper cent. by receiving five per cent. on ments of imaginary advantages of valua. the capital from government, and paying ble acquisitions in the South Seas, and only four per cent. to the fundhölders; hidden treasures to be found by the ad. they further anticipated, that the new venturers, yet the public did not alto
gether go unwarned of the futility of their The present rage for speculation in new hopes ; and a ballad written on the subesting account of the bubbles of a former age ject thus alludes to the Utopian dreams acceptable to our readers.--ED. MIRROR. of the speculators :
" What need have wa of Irdian wealth ; Others, though less melancholy, are worth
Or commerce with our neighbours? Our constitution is in health,
recording. A tradesman at Bath, who And riches crown our labours.
had invested his only remaining fortune “Our South Sea ships have golden shrouds...
in this stock, finding it had fallen from They bring us wealth 'tis granted ;
1,000 to 900, left Bath with an intention But lodge their treasures in the clouds, to sell out. On reaching town it had To hide it till it's wanted.'
fallen to 250; he thought the price too Whether the directors had deliberately low, would not sell, and lost his all. The planned the delusion on the public, or
Duke of Chandos, who had 300,0001. in only profited by it when they saw the this stock, was advised by the Duke of opportunity, there is no doubt that they Newcastle to sell all, or at least a part ; resorted to desperate means to keep it up, half a million : he delayed, and lost every
but he anticipated it would bring him nor had the bubble burst when it did, but that their cupidity like “ vaulting shilling: Gay, the poet, had 1,0001. stock ambition” overleaped itself. The South given him by the elder Scraggs, postSea scheme had become so contagious, master-general, which, added to the stock that the whole nation was infected, and he had previously purchased, amounted became a body of stock jobbers and pro- and Dr. Arbuthnot advised him to sell
to 20,0001. He consulted his friends : jectors. Every day produced some project; and whether it was for “ fattening out, but he hesitated, and lost every shil. hogs,” “ importing asses from Spain, in ling. Others were, however, more fororder to improve the breed of mules,” Page Turner, then a minor, had pur,
The guardians of Sir Gregory “ raising silk-worms,'
," " insuring mas. ters from the loss sustained by servants,'
chased stock for him very low, and sold “ rendering quick-silver mallable,
it out when it had reached its maximum, fishing for wrecks on the Irish coasts,
to the amount of 200,0001. With this (and these are but a few out of 200 pro
sum Sir Gregory built his fine mansion jects equally ridiculous), subscriptions of land for a park. Two maiden sisters,
on Blackheath, and purchased 300 acres were soon raised, and the stock sold at a premium.
whose stock had accumulated to 90,0001. Fortunately for the nation, the South sold out when the South Sea Stock was Sea Directors took the alarm, and these
at 970. The broker whom they em. delusive projects received their first check ployed advised them to re-invest their from the
power to which they owed their money in navy bills, which were at the birth. Jealous of their success, and de. time at a discount of 25 per cent. ; they sirous to monopolize all the money
of the took his advice, and two years afterwards
received their money at par. speculators, the directors obtained writs of scire facias against the conductors of
Thousands of persons were, however, bubbles, and thus put an end to them. totally ruined by this speculation, which But in thus opening the eyes of the de occasioned a dreadful panic in the coun. luded multitude, they took away the try, and had it not been for the prudent main prop of their own tottering edifice conduct of Walpole, might have been the bubble burst, South Sea Stock fell productive of the most fatal consequences. as rapidly as ever it rose : and in a few is managed by a governor, sub-governor,
The present South Sea Company, which weeks sunk from 1,100, which it had reached, to 135. The distress occasioned and 21 directors, annually elected, has no by such fluctuations was dreadful : gofunded in 1733, one-fourth was reserved as
trade, although, when its capital was vernment was compelled to interfere, and the public voice called loudly for redress the funded capital in South Sea Stock
a trading capital stock. The amount of from the directors. An investigation was instituted in parliament, and the conduct and Annuities, on the 5th of January, of the directors being condemned, a con
1123, amounted to 12,192,5801. 13s. 11d. siderable portion of their estates was con
-Percy Histories, Part V. fiscated, to the amount of 2,014,0001. The property confiscated belonging to the
NEW YORK THEATRE. directors varied from 68,000 to 233,0001.,
By WASHINGTON IRVING, Esq. and to each was allowed for subsistence a My last communication mentioned my sum varying from 5,000 to 50,0001. ac- visit to the theatre ; the remarks it con. cording to their supposed delinquency. tained were chiefly confined to the play
Nuinerous are the anecdotes connected and the actors ; I shall now extend them with this fatal speculation. The story to the andience, who, I assure you, fur. of the poor maniac “ Tom of Ten Thou. nish no inconside ble part of the enter. sand," who lost his whole fortune and his tainment. reason too by the South Sea scheme, is As I entered thc house sometime before well known, as is that of Eustace Budgell. the curtain rose, I had sufficient leisure
to make some observations. I was much to mount our glasses in great snuff, but
I was considerably amused by the yells of every kind of animal. This, in queries of the countryman mentioned in
asure, compensates for the want my last, who was now making his first of music, as the gentlemen of our orches. visit to the theatre. He kept constantly tra are very economic of their favours. applying to me for information, and I Somehow or another, the anger of the readily communicated, as far as my own gods seemed to be aroused all of a sud- ignorance would permit. den, and they commenced a discharge of As this honest man was casting his apples, nuts, and gingerbread, on the eye round the house, his attention was heads of the honest folks in the pit, who suddenly arrested. And pray, who are had no possibility of retreating from this these ? said he, pointing to a cluster of new kind of thunderbolts. I can't say young fellows. These, I suppose, are but I was a little irritated at being saluted the critics, of whom I have heard so aside of my head with a rotten pippin ; much. They have, no doubt, got to. and was going to shake my cane at them, gether to communicate their remarks, and but was prevented by a decent-looking compare notes ; these are the persons man behind me, who informed me that it through whom the audience exercise their was useless to threaten or expostulate. judgments, and by whom they are told They are only amusing themselves a little when they are to applaud or to hiss. at our expense, said he ; sit down quietly Critics ! ha! ha! my dear Sir, they trou. and bend your back to it. My kind ble themselves as little about the elements neighbour was interrupted by a hard, of criticism, as they do about other degreen apple that hit him between the partments of science and belles-lettres. shouldershe made a wry face, but know. These are the beaux of the present day, ing it was all a joke, bore the blow like a who meet here to lounge away an idle philosopher. I soon saw the wisdom of hour, and play off their little impertithis determination ; a stray thunderbolt nencies for the entertainment of the pubhappened to light on the head of a little, lic. They no more regard the merits of sharp-faced Frenchman, dressed in a white the play, nor of the actors, than my cane. coat and small cocked hat, who sat two They even strive to appear inattentive; or three benches a-head of me, and seemed and I have seen one of them perched on to be an irritable little animal. Monsieur the front of the box with his back to the was terribly exasperated; he jumped stage, sucking the head of his stick, and upon his seat, shook his fist
at the gallery, staring vacantly at the audience, insenand swore violently in bad English. This sible to the most interesting specimens of was all nuts to his merry persecutors ; scenic representation, though the tear of their attention was wholly turned on him, sensibility was trembling in every eye and he formed their target for the rest of around him. I have heard that some the evening.
have even gone so far in search of amuse I found the ladies in the boxes, as ment, as to propose a game of cards in usual, studious to please ; their charms the theatre, during the performance. The were set off to the greatest advantage ; eyes of my neighbour sparkled at this each box was a little battery in itself, and infornation_his cane shook in his hand they all seemed eager to outdo each other the word puppies burst from his lips. in the havoc they spread around. An Nay, says I, I don't give this for absoarch glance in one box was rivalled by a lute fact : my cousin Jack was, I besmile in another, that smile by a simper lieve, quizzing me (as he terms it) when in a third, and in a fourth a most be- he gave me the information. But you seem witching languish carried all before it.
quite indignant, said I, to the decent. I was surprised to see some persons re- looking man in my rear.
It was from connoitring the company through spy- him the exclamation came: the honest glasses ; and was in doubt whether these aruntryman was gazing, in gaping wonmachines were used to remedy deficiencies der on some new attraction. Believe me, of vision, or whether this was another of said I, if you had them daily before the eccentricities of fashion. Jack Stylish your eyes, you would get quite used to has since informed me, that glasses were them. Use to them, replied he ; how is lately all the go; though hang it, says it possible for people of sense to relish Jack, it is quite out at present; we used such conduct ? 'Bless you, my friend,
people of sense have nothing to do with
A BRAZILIAN AMAZON. it; they merely endure it in silence. These young gentlemen live in an indul. DonNA MARÍA DE JESUS, the young gent age. When I was a young man, woman who has lately distinguished her. such tricks and follies were held in proper self in the war of the Reconcave wears contempt. Here I went a little too far; the dress of a soldier of one of the empefor, upon better recollection, I must own ror's battalions, with the addition of a that a lapse of years has produced but tartan kilt, which she told me she had little alteration in this department of folly adopted from a picture representing a and impertinence. But do the ladies ad- highlander, as the most feminine military mire these manners ? Truly, I am not dress. What would the Gordons and as conversant in female circles as for. Mac Donalds say to this? The “ garb merly ; but I should think it a poor of old Gaul,” chosen as a womanish compliment to my fair countrywomen, to attire ! Her father is a Portuguese, suppose them pleased with the stupid named Gonsalvez de Almeida, and posstare and cant phrases with which these sesses a farm on the Rio do Pex, in the votaries of fashion add affected to real parish of San José, in the Certao, about ignorance.
forty leagues in-land from Cachoeira. Our conversation was here interrupted Her mother was also a Portuguese ; yet by the ringing of a bell. Now for the the young woman's features, especially play, said my companion. No, said I, her eyes and forehead, have the strongest it is only for the musicians. These wor- characteristics of the Indians. Her fathy gentlemen then came crawling out of ther has another daughter by the same their holes, and began, with very solemn wife; since whose death he has married and important phizzes, strumming and again, and the new wife and the young tuning their instruments in the usual style children have made home not very comof discordance, to the great entertain- fortable to Donna Maria de Jesus. The ment of the audience. What tune is farm of the Rio do Pex is chiefly a cattle that ? asked my neighbour, covering his farm, but the possessor seldom knows or ears. This, said I, is no tune ; it is counts his numbers. Senhor Gonsalvez, only a pleasing symphony, with which besides his cattle, raises some cotton; we are regaled as a preparative. For my but as the Certao is sometimes a whole part, though I admire the effect of con- year without rain, the quantity is uncer. trast, I think they might as well play it tain. In wet years he may sell 400 in their cavern under the stage. The bell arobas, at from four to five milrees; in rung a second time—and then began the dry seasons he can scarcely collect above tune in reality ; but I could not help ob- sixty or seventy arobas, which may fetch serving, that the countryman was more
from six to seven milrees. His farm em. diverted with the queer grimaces and ploys twenty-six slaves. contortions of countenance exhibited by The .women of the interior spin and the musicians, than their melody. What weave for their household, and they also I heard of the music, I liked very well embroider very beautifully. The young (though I was told by one of my neigh- women learn the use of fire-arms, as their bours, that the same pieces had been brothers do, either to shoot game or deplayed every night for these three years); fend themselves from the wild Indians. but it was often overpowered by the gen
Donna Maria told me several particu. try in the gallery, who vociferated loudly lars concerning the country, and more for Moll in the Wad, and several other concerning her own adventures. It apairs more suited to their tastes.
pears, that early in the late war of the I observed that every part of the house Reconcave, emissaries had traversed the has its different department. The good country in all directions, to raise patriot folks of the gallery have all the trouble recruits; that one of these had arrived at of ordering the music (their directions, her father's house one day about dinner however, are not more frequently fol- time; that her father had invited him in, lowed than they deserve.) The mode by and that after their meal he began to talk which they issue their mandates is stamp- on the subject of his visit. He repreing, hissing, roaring, whistling; and, sented the greatness and the riches of when the musicians are refractory, groan. Brazil, and the happiness to which it ing in cadence. They also have the pri- might attain if independent. He set forth vilege of demanding a bow from John the long and oppressive tyranny of Por(by which name they designate every ser- tugal; and the meanness of submitting vant at the theatre, who enters to move a to be ruled by so poor and degraded a table or snuff a candle); and of detect- country. He talked long and eloquently ing those cunning dogs who peep from of the services Don Pedro had rendered behind the curtain.
to Brazil; of his virtues, and those of the