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time after he became an excellent che. on Bateman's bulk, would go in and join mist, and perhaps, performed such things them in conversation, which generally in that profession as had never been done lasted an hour. The singularity of his before, by the help of a moving labora. character induced various suspicions tory, that was contrived and built by some thought his musical assembly himself, and much admired by the faculty, cover for seditious meetings; others for He was, also, famous for his skill in the magical purposes. Britton himself was theory and practice of music; and kept taken for an atheist, a presbyterian, and up for forty years, in his own little cell, a jesuit; but he was perfectly inoffensive; a musical club, which was nothing less and highly esteemed by all who knew than a concert, and was the first meeting him. The circumstances of his death of the kind, and the undoubted parent of are not less remarkable than those of his some of the most celebrated concerts in life. One Honeyman, a blacksmith, had London. Its origin was from Sir Roger become famous for the faculty of speake L'Estrange: and this attachment of Sir ing without opening his lips; by which Roger, and other ingenious gentlemen, art the voice seemed to proceed from some arose from the profound regard that distant part of the house. Mr. RBritton had, in general, to all literature. a justice of the peace in Clerkenwell, who Men of the best wit, as well as some of frequently played at Britton's concert was the best quality, honoured his musical wicked enough to introduce Honeyman, society with their company: When pass- unknown to Britton, for the sole purpose ing the streets in his blue linen frock, and of terrifying him, in which he succeeded, with a sack of small-coal on his back, Honeyman without moving his lips, or he was frequently accosted with, “There seeming to speak, announced, as from afar goes the small-coal man who is a lover of off, the death of poor Britton within a few learning, a performer of music, and a com- hours; with an intimation, that the only panion for gentlemen. Britton's house way to avert his doom was, for him to fali was next to the Old Jerusalem Tavern, on his knees and say the Lord's prayer. under the gate-way (since pulled down Britton did as he was bid-went home, and rebuilt.) On the ground floor was a took to his bed, and in a few days died: repository for small-coal; over that was leaving his friend, Mr. R to enjoy the concert room, which was very long the fruits of his mirth. He died in Scpand narrow, the ceiling of which was so tember, 1714.
G. L. I. low, that tall men could but just stand upright in it. The stairs to this room
ON THE REVIVIFICATION OF were on the outside of the house, and
ANIMALS. could hardly be ascended without crawl. ing. Notwithstanding all, this mansion,
(For the Mirror.) despicable as it may seem, attracted as It has been mentioned as a fact long polite an audience as ever the Opera known to the inhabitants of India, that in did. At these concerts, Dr. Pepusch, that country, when the wet season com. and frequently Mr. Handel, played mences, the rain falls so abundantly as the harpsichord; Mr. Banister the first to form ponds of considerable depth in violin. Dubourg, (then a child,) played hollow places, where, for several months his first solo at Britton's concert, stand- previous, not any moisture could be obing upon a stool, but so terribly awed served; not even so much as to give at the sight of so splendid an assembly, nourishment to any kind of plant whatthat he was near falling to the ground. As No sooner, however, does the rain to his own skill in music, it is not to be begin to fall, than in the fields, which doubted : it is certair, he could play on the were in general utterly destitute of the harpsichord ; and he frequently played the most remote appearance of vegetation, viol da gamba in his own concert. Britton vegetation commences; and in less than was in his person a short thick set man, twenty-four hours, verdure can be diswith a very honest ingenuous counte- tinctly perceived. But the most wonderful
This extraordinary man was also circumstance that is represented to occur well skilled in ancient books and manu. on this occasion is, that almost as soon as scripts, much esteemed by the then col. verdure is perceptible, the new-formed lectors. While the Earls of Oxford, ponds abound with fishes, which are not Sunderland, Winchelsea, Pembroke, only fit for food, but are esteemed a great Duke of Devonshire, &c. who had the delicacy. The precise time that occurs be. passion for collecting old books and ma tween the commencement of the rainy nuscripts, were assembled at Bateman's season and the taking of the fish, is not shop, in Paternoster-row, on Saturdays, mentioned; but, it is stated, that they about twelve o'clock, Britton would arrive have been eaten within forty-eight hours in his blue frock, and pitching his sack of the former period.
It has been suggested that the ponds produced, in the suspension of the animal have communication with rivers; but to functions, an effect similar to that which this it is answered, that fishes are, in like cold occasions with regard to the sleeping manner, found even in islands' where, animals, but in a far more powerful during the dry season, there is not any degree. running water.
To a similar cause we might be induced As in some measure analogous to this to attribute the presence of the fishes al. circumstance, we shall detail another, ready alluded to, were we not told, that which may, perhaps, be deemed still more the hollows in which the ponds are formed extraordinary :
do not possess, during the dry season, In forming a collection of shells, great any appearances upon which the revivifydiligence had been employed to obtain a ing principle could be supposed so to act variety of the snails of this country, which, as to produce them; nor can they be conafter being cleaned and dried, were placed sidered as produced from spawn deposited in a cabinet. In this state they remained during the previous wet season, as they for many years, during which time they are represented to be, at their first comwere occasionally inspected, and not any ing, of such a size as to admit of being idea was entertained but that life was caught with nets. utterly extinct. One day, however, the That such multitudes of living creesaails were found dispersed throughout tures, arrived at such a size in so short a the cabinet, crawling in a state of perfect period of time, should be found under life and complete activity; and it was such peculiar circumstances, remains, discovered, upon examination, that water therefore, a mystery which cannot readily had obtained access, so as to moisten the be solved, but which has been attempted snails, by which means they were restored
to be explained, by supposing that on the to life after they had, in consequence of approach of dry weather, these fishes the dissection of all their members, been have buried themselves deep in the mud, wholly deprived of action for many years, into which they would naturally dive as without, however, the principle of life low as possible in search of moisture, till being entirely destroyed.
at last, when that entirely failed them, Contradictory to the common opera- they were there dried up like the snails, and tions of nature as these instances may their animal functions suspended, withappear, they are not on that account to
out being deprived of life, until the return be rejected as unentitled to credit, since it of moisture revived them, when they inis known to those who are intimately stantly returned to their natural element acquainted with minute objects of ani.
in that state of growth to which they had mated nature, that some of these can be attained before the period of their desicpreserved in a dry state for an indefinite
cation. length of time, 'liable to be revived at
It is doubtless in the power of some pleasure by being moistened with water ; *
of the intelligent correspondents of The must, however, be confessed that till Mirror, to throw additional light on this the occurrence of the phenomenon here
LISLETT. mentioned, it had never been suspected that any animal body, of a magnitude in any respect approaching to the size of a
CUSTOMS IN THE FIFTEENTH
CENTURY. snail, could admit of having its life prolonged after this manner.
(To the Editor of the Mirror.) The winter sleep of bats and severalother Sir,
Underneath I send you an extract animals is a fact well known; this, though from the journal of a lady of rank and not a privation of life, is yet a suspension fashion in the fifteenth century,—the peof the principal animal functions for many rusal of it shows how great a change months together, and seems to be occasion- time has made in the duties and employed by the influence of a certain degree of ment of the female sex, as well as the cold, which retards, if it does not put a stop alteration in the hours of breakfast, dinto the circulation, during the continuance ner, and supper, and the difference in the of its influence. While, however, the germ viands set upon the table. of life exists, putrefaction is prevented The extract is taken from a MSS. prefrom taking place; and the parts of the served in Drummond Castle.
A. D. body, being unaltered during
this period, are in a condition to perform their func
This is part of the journal of Elizabeth tions once more after the fluids are set in Woodville, previous to her marriage with motion. In the instance of the snails, it Lord Grey. She was afterwards Queen would seem that the want of moisture
to Edward IV. and died in confinement
at Southwark under Henry VII. a short article in illustration of this assertion, will be hereafter offered.
Monday morning-rose at four o'clock
and helped Catherine to milk the cows
INNOCENCE. Rachael the other dairy-maid having scalded her hands in so bad a manner the
(For the Mirror.) niglit before:
made a poultice for Rachael, UNDER the wing of one of the Angels, and gave Robin a penny to get something supporting the Årms of England, which from the apothecary. Six o'clock-the decorate the
new entrance to Westminster buttock of beef too much boiled, and the Hall, a sparrow has built its nest. There, beer a little stale. Mem. to talk with free and at ease, near the rampant lion, the cook about the first fault, and to
safe from the despoiler's hand, it may amend the other myself by tapping a
rear in peace its infant progeny.
What fresh barrel directly. Seven o'clock
a contrast to the various contending paswent to walk with the lady my mother in sions which at times agitate the courts the court-yard; fed twenty-five men and below!! But if the inmates of this peacewomen; chid Roger severely for express- ful abode are attacked by any superior ing some ill-will at attending us with
power, they will resist, for Shakspeare broken meat. Eight o'clock-went to
says, the paddock behind the house with my
“ The poor wren, maid Dorothy, caught Thump, the little The most diminutive of birds, will fight pony, myself, and rode a matter of six
Her young ones in her nest, against the owl." miles without saddle or bridle. Ten
P. T. W. o'clock-went to dinner-John Grey a most comely youth, but what is that to me, a virtuous maiden should be entirely
SUNDRY MISERIES under the direction of her parents. John
(For the Mirror.) ate but little, and stole a great many tender looks at me-said women would RESIDING between a stone-cutter's and never be handsome in his opinion who an undertaker's. were not good tempered; I hope my Haggling with a surly hackney-coachtemper is not intolerable, nobody finds
man for six-pence, and after he has fault with it except Roger, and he is the driven off about a quarter of an hour, most disorderly serving-man in the whole recollecting that you have left a new family. John Grey says white teeth are umbrella in his coach. lovely--my teeth are of a pretty good Drying a long letter by the fire ; hold. colour I think, and my hair is as black ing it negligently in one hand behind you, as jet, though I say it, and John, if I whilst you are conversing with a friend in mistake not, is of the same opinion. the room, turning round and perceiving Eleven o'clock-rose from the table, the it to be in flames. company all desirous of walking in the In sharply turning a corner, coming fields John Grey would lift me over suddenly in contact with a chimneyevery stile, and twice he squeezed my sweeper, who impresses your white waisthand with vehemence, I cannot say I coat and light-coloured breeches with very should have any objections to John Grey, visible memorials of the rencontre. he plays at prison bars as well as any Passing a narrow passage fresh painted. of the country gentlemen, is remarkably Forced, by politeness, to quit a comdutiful to his parents, my lord and lady, fortable party, to attend a cross old and never misses church on a Sunday. maid to her lodgings at the distance of Three o'clock-poor Farmer Robinson's two miles. house burnt by accidental fire-John Wishing to wake early to be in time Grey proposed a subscription among the for a morning coach, waking, and upon company for the relief of the Farmer, looking at your watch, discovering that gave no less than four pounds with this you had not wound it up. benevolent intent. Mem. never saw him Making several memorandum knots in look so comely as at that moment. Four your handkerchief, and forgetting the imo'clock—went to prayers. Six o'clock portant cause of every one of them. fed the hogs and poultry. Seven o'clock Dreaming that you have wings, and -supper on the table, delayed till that waking with a fit of the gout. hour on account of Farmer Robinson's Endeavouring to make violent love misfortune. Mem. the goose pie too under the table and pressing the wrong much baked, and the pork roasted to foot. rags. Nine o'clock-the company fast Toasting a bit of cheese, and when it asleep; these late hours very disagree. is more than half done, letting it fall able-said my prayers a second time, into the ashes. John Grey distracted my thoughts too Hearing the bells ring for the marriage much the first time-fell asleep and of your rival. dreamed of John Grey.
Knocking at the door of a house for
half an hour, and then being told that there been any lack of application. And, the house has been empty for the last two on the other hand, no indolent genius ever months.
turned out an accomplished character; In a hurry to send off a letter, dipping but many who, in their earlier years, proyour finger into the ink instead of the mised nothing but stupidity, have, by wafer-stand.
making good use of the opportunities af.
forded them, acquired talents that nature THE FOREST OAK.
had not originally bestowed on them, (For the Mirror.)
which, though they may not rival the
united efforts of genius and application, Pride of the glade ! Time's scythe hath spread will always command respect; and, And thy leafless boughs, through the midnight though they may not aspire to the highest air,
objects of ambition, may still be superior In the moon's pale beam, shew barren and bare ; to the generality of mankind. We rarely And the ivy alone round thy mussy trunk meet with a man who has talents for Looks fadeless and green as before'twas shrunk By Heaven's red bolt, when the angry storm
more than one art; those whose minds Raged long and loud o'er thy giant form. are indifferently turned towards several The bolt hath sped, and the storin's no more--. professions, are not likely to excel in any. Old oakl thy days of youth are o'er.
We must turn our mind exclusively toPride of the glen! I remember well
wards one object, without allowing any When the gipsy was wont her tale to tell,
minor considerations to divert our attenAs beneath thee she sate, and the winds around Seem'd hushed as they listed the magic sound ;
tion from the pursuit we have chosen ; if And the maidens blush'd, and the youth would we do not depart from this rule, but smile
steadily adhere to our purpose, we may As solemn she chaunted her verse the while, For little they dream'd that her words so fair
be pretty sure of success : but no genius Would so soon be scatter'd abroad in air. can obtain pre-eminence without exertion; The spell, and the verse, and the chaunt's no no one can expect to arrive at the height
of his ambition without passing every Old oak! thy days of youth are o'er.
progressive stage of improvement, howPride of the acorn'd forest green!
ever tedious he may find the necessary How many a summer hath o'er thee been ; How many a winter hath o'er thee past,
delay. “ Rome was not built in a day," And thy leafy head with its hollow blast ; is an old but good proverb. In most But thy leafy head hath been long laid low, And the raven croaks from thy wither'd bough, capable of receiving any later improve
cases of early genius the mind is not And the fawn no longer courts, as wont, Thy grateful shade as its noon-tide haunt, ment; it is already formed and mature, Nor the shepherd-boy when the rain-storm and is not susceptible of new impressions; pour--
nd those talents which were astonishing Old oak! thy days of youth are o'er.
in a child, lose all their wonders, and Pride of thy country's proudest boast!
sink into humble mediocrity when the posOf the feets that encircle our sea-girt coast, When the towery mast and the swelling sail
sessor of them is no longer young ; and we Rise high on the green waves and court the gale, are surprised at the pleasure we receive And the sounds of death and the waste of war
from an individual, who no longer can O'er the foaming billows are heard afar; Time was too thou might'st have rode the tide,
afford new enjoyments, nor revive those The pride of the flood, as the forest's pride,
sentiments of admiration which he forAnd bid o'er the waves thy thunders roar... merly inspired. Such a genius is rather Old oak! thy days of youth are o'er.
a misfortune than a means of happiness : ALPHEUS.
nothing can be so disheartening as to have
outlived one's talents ; it would be better ON GENIUS
to remain in obscurity for the whole of a (For the Mirror.)
long life, than to emerge from it merely
to make the return more mortifying. Genius is a term applied frequently to
T. R. premature talents, which shew themselves at a very early age, but seldom equal the expectations they excite; or to a marked THE PAUPER'S GRAVE. predilection for any particular branch of
(For the Mirror.) art or science, which, if united to industry and perseverance, seldom fails to obtain The burial-bell tolls heavily and drear, pre-eminence. Genius without industry
The new-dug earth makes known departed
breath can be of little avail, for industry will Sound after sound comes murmuring on the ear, improve the meanest capacity, and kindle And tells the triumph of devouring death. every latent spark of genius, which would The plume-deck'd hearse in funeral omp otherwise have remained in obscurity. In
Coach after coach displays a host of friends, no instance where early talents have been
Who weep, or seem to weep, for him that's gone, followed by success in maturer age, las And thus the last sad solemn mockery ends!
The death-bell stops ---and yet another train To render bodies luminous in the dark,
A humbler group, in still procession creep, Whose limbs can scarce the lifeless weight sus
80 as to give a sufficient light to show
the hour on the dial of a watch, at night. tain, For whom no eye, not one, is seen to weep.
If a four or six ounce phial, containing The work-house pauper is by all forsook,
a few ounces of liquid phosphorus, be His place of quiet is the parish hole ; On his poor corpse no sorrowing mourners hook; in the bottle emits a sufficient light for
unstopped in darkness, the vacuous space For him, no tears of fond remembrance roll. And yet he once could boast of joy-fraught days, showing the hour of the night, by holding or friends who buzz'd like sun-Aies round his a pocket watch near it. When the phial door;
is again corked the light vanishes, but reHis feasts, while he had feasts to give, their
appears instantly on opening it. In cold praise! And then, like reptiles, then, were seen no
weather, it is necessary to warm the bottle
in the hand before the stopper is removed; His hand was open, and his heart sincere ! without this precaution it will not emit
To those that wanted he unsparing gave, light. Liquid phosphorus may likewise Nor thought the locusts, that he priz'd so dear, be used for forming luminous writings, Could scowl like demons on the paupers grave.
or drawings; it may be smeared on the face or hands, or any warm object, to
render it luminous; and this is in nowise Scientific Amusements, hazardous. If rubbed on the face, taking No. II.
care to shut the eyes, the appearance is most hideously frightful; all the parts
appear to be covered with a luminous A LAMP WITHOUT FLAME. lambent flame, of a bluish-white colour,
whilst the mouth and eyes are depicted Sir HUMPHREY Davy discovered that
as black spots. a fine platina wire, heated red hot, and held in the vapour of ether, would continue ignited for some time. Mr. Gill Easy method of breaking glass in any has practically applied this discovery in
required direction. the formation of an alcohol lamp on the Dir a piece of worsted thread into spirit following construction :-A cylindrical of turpentine, wrap it round the glass in coil of thin platina wire is placed, part of the direction that you require it to be it round the cotton wick of a spirit lamp, broken, and then set fire to the thread ; and part of it above the wick, and the or, apply a red-hot wire round the glass, lamp to be lighted so as to heat the wire and if it does not immediately crack, to redness; on the flame being blown out, throw cold water on it, whilst the wire the vapour of the alcohol will keep the remains hot. wire red hot, for any length of time, ac By this means, glass that is broken cording to the supply of alcohol, and with may often be fashion.d and rendered a very small expenditure thereof, so as to useful for a variety of purposes. be in constant readiness to kindle German fungus, or paper prepared with nitre, and by this means to light a sulphur match. To set a combustible body on fire by the &c. at pleasure.
contact of cold water. The proper size of the platina wire is FIlL a saucer with water, and let fall into the one-hundredth part of an inch, which it a piece of potassium, of the size of a may be readily known by wrapping ten peppercorn (which is about two grains). turns of the wire round a cylinder, and if The potassium will instantly become red. they measure the one-tenth part of an hot, with a slight explosion, and burn inch, it will be right. A larger size will vividly on the surface of the water, dartonly yield a dull red light; and a smaller ing at the same time from one side of the one is difficult to use.
vessel to the other, with great violence, in About twelve turns of the wire will be the form of a red-hot fire-ball. sufficient, coiled round any cylindrical body, suited to the size of the wick of the lamp; and four or five coils should be Vivid combustion of three metals when placed on the wick, and the remainder of brought into contact with each other. the wire above it. A wick composed of Mix a grain or two of potassium with a twelve threads of the ordinary sized lamp like quantity of sodium. This mixture cotton yarn, with the platina wire coiled will take place quietly ; but if the alloy arvund it, will require about half an of these two bodies be brought into contact ounce of alcohol to keep it alight for with a globule of quicksilver, the com. eight hours.
pound, when agitated, instantly takes fire, and burns vividly.