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and casy it appears. The reasons for sacredness or purity of his character. In it are so clear, that it is astonishing men after ages, his duties were to pourtray of moderate education, who can hear and arms, to draw out pedigrees, and to resee, should not conceive of themselves, gister all family occurrerices of importhe moment the subject is mentioned, tance. Hence the accuracy, with which that their eyes have been the principal the Welsh genealogies and other domestic means by which they were taught. The records have been preserved from the Deaf having their sight, are as capable of earliest times. It is certain, therefore, comprehending a language as we are. that coat armour was common in Wales
The Manual, or Finger Alphabet, of many centuries ago. The founders of which we give an engraving, should first the Five Royal Tribes of Wales, and of be taught the Deaf and Dumb; and as the Fifteen Tribes of North Wales had soon as the child has acquired a perfect their peculiar armorial bearings, and knowledge of the Alphabet, and can tell some of these personages lived as early as each letter as well printed as by his fin- the ninth century. But I do not think gers, by placing the letters D, O, G, (or there ever were any arms peculiar to any other word,) then by showing the ani. Wales as a nation, and this may have mal, the child's eyes convey to his mind been owing to the turbulent and divided the same notion of the animal signified, state of the country which was seldom, and with equal certainty as the sound we if ever, united under one dominion for give the letters, does in our heads through ten years together.
I have lately met with a letter If I may be allowed to pass, for a on the subject, written so long since as moment, “ from grave to gay,” I would 1662, by the great philanthrophist Dr. admit with your correspondent, that Wallis of Oxford, to Mr. Beverley, from Apollo, to a certainty, was never in which letter alone and the Manual Alpha Wales, notwithstanding that Wales has bet, so many mutes have been taught. I her Parnassus as well as Greece. *
But am induced to send you an extract from the fact is, (if I must confess it) that the it, confident as I am that an insertion of Welsh bards and classical deities were it in your widely circulated and respect never on terms of familiarity, not even able publication, will be the means of as speaking acquaintance. The former, affording relief to the minds of many on the contrary, were under no obligation parents who may have a child thus born, to any celestial worthies whatever, but, when they see how simple and easy it is to like Arachne, drew all their resources instruct a mute, and that they are capable from themselves, and invoked only their of being taught not only a language, but own Awen.t I know no exception to the blessed truths of christianity. this practice.-By the bye, I may here
After reading an extract which we observe, en passant, that there were no shall give in our next, none but sceptics bards “ slaughtered” by Edward. It is will be found to deny, that the Deaf and but justice to the memory of that prince, Dumb can be as well educated by parents to remove this blot from his character. or common schoolmasters, as at the Asy- The popular notion on the subject had its lums established for the purpose.
origin, no doubt, in the well known
I heartily concur in the wish expressed
by your correspondent, that “ Apollo," ( To the Editor of the Mirror.) Wales" in the form of a novel-writer, to
emulate the far-famed Sir Walter. But SIR,—Permit me to offer a word or two, where is the Cambro-Briton, who shall through your next number, in answer to have the hardihood to say to that rethe inquiry of your correspondent, “ I. doubtable knight, in the words of the SAM WELY,” respecting the “ Arms of celebrated Italian, “ Io anchi sono pitWales,” though I regret that I cannot tore?”
VENEDOTA. speak quite decidedly on the subject. March 8, 1824. That armorial bearings were known to
* This is Cader Idris, in Merionethshire, the Cymry, or natives of Wales, at a
alluded to in my last letter, of wbich the travery remote period, is to be proved from dition of the country relates, that whoever falls the office of Arwyddvardd, or Herald- asleep on its summit infallibly awakes a poet.
How often the experiment has been made I am! bard, which existed under the Druidical
not now prepared to say. Institution. Originally, this person per † Awen means poetical genius or inspiration, formed the part of a Herald at Arms, and it is not very improbable, that it may kave
formed the root of 'Aonides, one of the names by bearing a flag of truce between con
of the Muses. If so, tbese ladies may bave tending arnies, on which occasion he ge
had more to do with Wales than I have above nerally wore a white dress, to denote the imagined
you, and even cause you to glory in tri: From Selina Countess of Huntingdon,
bulation. to the Rev. Wm. Dodd.
May you thus rejoice in the truth and [The following letter has been put into power of that religion you have so long
professed and taught to others, and be our hands by a friend ; we know not coming a witness of our Saviour's grace whether it has ever appeared in print, to sinners, be enabled to preach the best but of its being genuine and authentic, sermon you ever preached in your life, we are convinced, as we are that it will and to people, the most miserable and be highly acceptable to our numerous ignorant of the high christian privilege of readers. There is no date to the letter, salvation by the cross of our Lord Jesus but it is evident that it was written after Christ. Should he answer the affectionate the reverend divine had committed the cries of his poor unworthy people for crime for which he suffered, and, indeed, you, and that arm of infinite consolation after his condemnation. Dr. Dodd was
be stretched out for your strength and tried at the Old Bailey, Feb. 24, 1777, eternal blessedness, how little will the for forging a bond in the name of the appendages appear which to mere sufferEarl of Chesterfield, and was executed ing nature are so bitter; and how thankon the 27th of June in the same year. fully will you see justice and mercy thus -Ed.]
met together and mixed in that cup, so REV. SIR,-From the first hearing of severe in the eyes of others, or should your unfortunate situation, I could not the tender compassions of royal mercy be Look for any less supplies of support and extended to save from the present suffercomfort for you, than to him who chose ing hour, yet in life, or in the more for our sakes to be numbered with trans remote event of death, this grace only gressors. You are master of every ra must be the one cause of praise, through tional and scriptural argument, and in time and eternity, for you. It is this I this perhaps, inferior to few. And I would most affectionately recommend earnestly pray God that these may have you day and night. And it is in him, their place and times of consolation for who is able to do abundantly above all you. But reason, Sir, or the wisest con. we can ask or think, I would wish to clusions drawn from even truth itself leave you, and beg to remain a sympaneither removes the stings of guilt, nor thizing friend, and Reverend Sir, your possess the soul with that peace, which humble servant, S. HUNTINGDON. ever surpasses the best informed understanding. O! no, nothing but that voice
LITHOGRAPHY. of Almighty power, that spoke from the cross to your suffering companion there, LITHOGRAPHY, the art of printing can be your point now; and we all like from stone was first discovered in the year him, must pass sentence upon ourselves, 1800,* by Aloys Senefelder, a performer and say, we indeed receive the due reward of one of the German Theatres, who obof our deeds; how soon then the welcome served that calcareous stones had the request, Lord remember me, &c. reached property of receiving greasy lines, and the heart of our divine substitute; how by a pressure transmitting them to paper, speedy the relief ; how lasting and com and that hy charging the same with ink it plete the comfort. The meaning of my was possible to obtain a series of impresprayers and tears for your grief, would sions. He thus became the inventor of have no other language, but, “Go and the Lithographic art, which has excited do thou likewise.” Forgive and do not so much curiosity lately by the specimens wonder you should find my views so imported from Germany and France. limited as this seems for your only relief. The stones made use of are principally Were life extended to its latest possible found in Bavaria, they possess rather a period, the alone solid or well grounded lime quality, are exceedingly hard, at hope of happiness must subsist purely the same time porous. The surface of by this interior blessing, as making the the stone being ground level with 'fine little good we have on earth have all its sand until a grain appears, it is sent safety, and all the various evils of a to the artist, who with a chalk commiserable world, wisely or rationally sup- posed principally of grease, makes the ported by it. Thus every thing unites to drawing on the surface similar to draw. render the importunity of your suffering ing on paper. He has nothing more to heart, the happy subject of this mercy. perform but send it to the printer, This mercy once obtained will bear you who throws a solution of about one through the fluctuating emotions, and
The art has been but few years in general various views of life and death, which so
use in England, and not till very lately any immediately and naturally operate upon great improvements made.
twentieth part of acid with water over In dust low the traitor has knelt to the ground,
And the desert reveal'd, where his lady was the whole surface, when a fermenta
found, tion takes place and fixes the drawing from a rock of the ocean that beauty is borne, sufficiently strong to allow of as many as Now joy to the house of fair Ellen of Lorne.
AGNES. 5,000 impressions to be taken from it. It is then fixed in the press made expressly for this art, and charged with the THE WAY TO GET MARRIED. printing ink, which (being composed of
ADDRESSED TO THE LADIES. nearly the same materials as the chalk,) only adheres (while the stone is kept wet)
(For the Mirror.) to the drawing, the impression is produced Sweet girls shall I tell ye the way to get by a scraper, which is drawn over the
married ? surface, and thus by wetting the stone “O yes, to be sure, Sir, "---methinks you ex
claim; every impression, and charging the same,
“ 'Tis a way we confess that our wishes are the stone is able to take so many im
carried, pressions ; if it is an ink drawing, up
" And why not ?---pray where is the wonder wards of double the number may be taken, or blame?" provided care and attention is paid.
Lovely dears, neither wonder nor blame need The great progress which this art is affright ye, making in this country, and the curiosity
'Tis the rights of your sex, (one and all) to
love man! it has excited, has induced me to lay the
Who was born to protect, not to injure or slight above sketch for your inspection, hoping
ye, you will give it room in your valuable And therefore get married as soon as you miscellany as soon as possible. X. Z.
And yet, shall I tell you the way to allure him?
Lay your bait-hooks with care, if you hope to GLENARA.
And spread not too freely, your wires and O AEARD you yon pibroch sound sad in the gale, Where a band cometh slowly with weeping and Tho' your lips like two spell-nets, are pregnant
with kisses, Tis the chief of Glenara laments for his dear,
Those lips can for trifles, too frequently And her sire, and the people, are call'd to the pout! bier.
Tho' your eyes like two diamonds, sparkle with Glenara came first with the mourners and
Those eyes (ana you know it,) can frown beHer kinsmen they follow'd, but mourn'd not
yond doubt. aloud;
Then your tongues, pretty tongues ! which can Their plaids o'er their bosoms were folded talk so endearing, Around,
(0 yes! and can sting too, whenever they Tkey march'd all in silence---they look'd on the please!) ground.
Let me beg you to keep now and then, out of In silence they reach'd over mountain and moor,
hearing, To a heath where the oak tree grew lonely and
And give up a little, that power---to teaze! hoar,
Sweet creatures remember to keep him in Now here let us place the grey stone of her fetters, cairn,
The man that adores you. musi now and Why speak ye no word !'---said Glenara the
then rule! stern,
For though to your beauty and charms, we are "And tell me I charge ye ! ye clan of my spouse,
debtors, "Why fold ye your mantles, why cloud ye your
Affectation and pride may the warmest brows
heart cool. So spake the rude chieftain---no answer is made, “Well, then," you may say, “Mr. Censor, pray But each mantle unfolding, a dagger display'd. I dreamt of my lady, I dreamt of her shroud,'.
“What is it you want us in reason to do?”. Cried a voice from the kinsmen, all wrathful
“What is it?"---I'll tell ye, and be not too jeaand loud.;
lous, * And empty that shroud, and that coffin did
The task is most easy, yes, easy for you. seem,
Let smiles and good nature be ever about ye, Glenara i Glenara! now read me my dream ! And be not too often, by flattery carried ; O pale grew the cheek of that chieftain, I ween,
Shew this, and proud man, no, he can't live When the shroud was unclos'd and no lady was
And this dearest girls, is the way to get seen; When a voice from the kinsmen, spoke louder
UTOPIA. "Twas the youth who had lov'd the fair Ellen of Lorne.)
INDIAN CUSTOMS. dreamt of my lady, 1 dreamt of her grief, dreamt that her lord was a barbarous chief, solemnity which formerly took place
The practice of Huskanawing was On a rock of the ocean fair Ellen did seem, Glevara ! Glenar.
now read me my dream.' among the Indians in Virginia, once
WRITTEN BY MRS. CORNWELL
every fourteen or sixteen years. It and dispose of their persons without any was an institution or discipline that all other control than that of the law of young men must pass under before they nature.
HISTORICUS. could be admitted to be of the number of Bermondsey, May 5, 1823. great men, officers, or cockarouses of the nation. The following is the manner
THE SEASONS. in which it was done :
The choicest and briskest young men of the tribe, and such only as have ac
BARON WILSON. quired some treasure by their travels and In the smiling morn of SPRING,
When the woods were fresh and green: hunting, are chosen out by their rulers
And the wild-birds, round did sing, to be Huskanawed, and whoever refuses Like the Genii of the scene; to undergo this process, dares not remain Then, my heart, was woo'd and won, among them. The ceremony is perform
Then, its sweetest hopes begun! ed after the following manner :-After When the SUMMER's glaring ray, the performance of several odd prepara
Wak'd to life the opening flowers ;
And the glorious God of day, tory ceremonies, the principal part of the
Smild upon, the new-deck'd bowers; business is to carry them into the woods Then, my bosom's fluttering guest, and there to keep them under confinement Own'd itself, too sweetly blest! and destitute of all society for several When rich AUTUMN's golden hue, months, giving them no other sustenance
Gleam'd upon the ripened corn ; but the infusion or decoction of some
And a milder lustre threw,
O'er the blushes of the morn; poisonous intoxicating roots; by virtue Then, any heart's best hopes betray'd, of which physic, and the severity of the Like Autumnal leaves did fade! discipline which they undergo, they be When cold WINTER's icy breath. come stark mad: in which raving con Froze the stream, and stript the spray; dition they are kept eighteen or twenty
And the chilling hand of Death,
Swept the ling'ring birds away; days.
Then, my heart's fond hopes all o'er, During this time, they are shut up Withér'd, sunk, to bloom no more ! night and day in a strong inclosure made on purpose, in shape like a sugar loaf, and every way open like a lattice, for the DOING BUSINESS IN SCOTLAND. air to pass through. After shutting them It is not as in England, where, when an up in this cage till the doctors find they article is offered for sale, it is immediately have drank sufficiently of the Wysoccan, purchased, or at once rejected as being (as they call this mad potion) they gra- too dear, but here there is a long haggling dually restore them to their senses, by and cheapening of every article succeslessening the intoxication of their diet, sively offered. The relation of my transand then bring them back into the town, actions with a man, will serve to shew whilst still wild and crazy, through the the general mode of doing business. He violence of the medicine.
bids me call again, which I do several The undergoing this discipline is, times without doing any thing. He with them, the most meritorious thing wishes to be the last I do with, but all in order to preferments to the greatest cannot be last, and all have wished to be posts in the nation, which they claim as After a few days I get him to protheir undoubted right at the next pro- ceed to business ; he objects to the price motion.
of the article I offer-he will not buyThe Indians pretended that this vio- try to induce him, but do not offer to lent method of taking away their me- make any reduction. Says he, “ You are mory, is to release the youth from all over dear, Sir; I can buy the same gudes childish impressions, and from that ten per cent. lower : if ye lik to tak aff strong partiality to persons and things ten per cent. I'll tak some of these.” I tel. which is contracted before reason takes him that a reduction in price is quite ou place.
of the question, and put my sample of They hoped by this proceeding to root out the article aside; but the Scotchman wants all the prepossessions and unreasonable it"Weel, Sir, it's a terrible price, but prejudices which are fixed in the minds as I am oot o’ it at present, I'll just tak of children; so that the young men a little till I can be supplied cheaper, but when they come to themselves again, may ye maun tak aff five per cent.” use their reason freely without being Sir," says I, “ would you not think me biassed by custom.
an unconscionable knave to ask ten or Thus also they become discharged from five per cent. more than I intended to the remembrances of any ties of blood, take ” He laughs at men“ Hoot, hoot, and are established in a state of equality man, do ye expec to get what ye.ask! and perfect freedom, to order their actions Gude Lord, an was I able so get half
gang what I ask, I would soon be rich. Come, going to your Inn, I'll wi ye and come, i'll gie ye within twa an a half of tak a glass of wine.” your ain price, and guae iaith, man, ye'll be well paid.” I tell him that I neras
SPIRIT OF THE make any reduction from the price I first demand, and that an adherence to the rule Public Journals. saves much trouble to both parties. “ Weel, weel,” says he, “ since you ALMACK'S ON FRIDAY. maun hae it a' your ain way, I maun e'en
( Concluded from our last.) take the article; but really I think you are over keen.” So much for buying and About eight o'clock on every Friday selling: then comes the settlement. “Hoo evening, during the season, (for I assure muckle discount do you tak aff, Sir :" you the city has its seasons" a Negro “ Discount ! you cannot expect it; the has a soul, your Honour,”) a large mass account has been standing a twelve- of hackney-coaches may be seen plying month.” “ Indeed, but I do expec dis- about the purlieus of Cheapside, the same count-pay siller without discount; na, having been hired to convey our city na, Sir, that's not the way here ye maun fashionables to the scene of festivity. deduct five per cent.” I tell him that I Dancing commences precisely at nine, make no discount at all: “Weel, Sir, and the display of jewels would not disI'll gie ye nae money at a'.” Rather than credit the parish of Marylebone. The go without a settlement, I at last agree to large room with the mirror at the lower take off two and a half per cent. from the end is devoted to quadrilles. Waltzes amount, which is accordingly deducted.
were at first proscribed, as foreign, and “I have ten shillings doon against ye for consequently indecent: but three of the short measure, and fifteen shillings for six Miss Robertses discovered acciden. damages.” “ Indeed these are heavy tally one morning, while two of the other deductions ; but if you say that you shall three were tormenting poor Mozart into lose to that amount, I suppose that I must an undulating see-saw on the piano, that allow it.” “Oh, aye, its a right then, they waltzed remarkably well. The rule Sir, eight shillings and four-pence for thenceforward was less rigidly enforced. pack sheet, and thirteen shillings for car. Yet still the practice is rather scouted by riage and postage." These last items the more sober part of the community. astonish “What, Sir,” says I, “are Lady Brown bridles, and heartily regrets we to pay all the charges in your busi- that such filthy doings are not confined ness ?” But if I do not allow these to be to Paris : while Lady Simms thanks God taken off, he will not pay his account ; so that her daughter never danced a single I acquiesce, resolving within myself, that waltz in the whole course of her life. since these unfair deductions are made at This instance of self-denial ought to be settlement, it would be quite fair to charge recorded, for Miss Simms's left leg is an additional price to cover the extortion. shorter than her right. Nature evidently I now congratulate myself on having meant her for a waltzer of the first water concluded my business with the man, but and magnitude, but philosophy has opeam disappointed. Hae ye a stawmpe,' rated upon her as it did upon Socrates. asks he; “ A stamp, for what ?” “ Just There is a young broker named Carter, to draw ye a bill,” replies he: “A bill, who has no very extensive connexion, in my good Sir ; I took off two and a half Mark-lane, but he has notwithstanding per cent. on the faith of being paid in contrived to waltz himself into a subscripcash.” But he tells me it is the custom tion. He regularly takes out Harriet of the place, to pay in bills, and sits Roberts, and, after swinging with her down and draws me a bill at three months round the room till the young woman is after date, payable at his own shop. “And sick and faint, he performs a like feat what can I do with this ?” “ Oh, ye may with Jane Roberts, and successively with tak it to Sir William's, and he'll dis. Betsy. The exhibitor of samples, when count it for you, on paying him three this is well over, is as giddy as a goose. months interest ;' " and what can I do He therefore retires to take a little brtath; with his notes ?” “ He'll gie ye a bill but in about ten minutes returns to the in London at forty-five days.” So, Sir, large apartment - like a giant refreshed, after allowing you twelve months credit, claps his hands, calls out “ Zitti zitti” and two and a half per cent discount, and to the leader of the band, and starts afresh exorbitant charges which you have no with Lucy, Charlotte, and Jemima Roclaim on us to pay, I must be content berts, in three consecutive quadrilles with a bill which we are not to cash for The pertinacity of this young man is four months and a half. “ Weel, weel, indeed prodigious. When the most exand now, Sir," says he. “ If you are perienced quadrillers are bowled out of