days of Charles I.; we may, perhaps, In vain declar'd he ne'er went out,
that the sign was originally, In vain declar'd he shunn'd the

at that distant period, nothing but an And cared not for their smiles nor spells.
Italian oil-jar, which being very badly “You rogue !"says Jane,"all's false you've said,
painted, and become much worse by Last night

you cried hot rolls in bed? decay, might have been likened by the Nay, villain, row'd, as there's a Sunday,

You lov'd her, and would keep Saint Monday!" customers to a headless old woman with

UTOPIA. her arms a-kimbo; and might really have been as much like one as what it was in- LOVE OUT OF PLACE. tended for. Then, we may suppose, the

BY THE HON. ROBERT SPENCER. next occupier of the house, either deceived himself, or humouring the mistake of

(For the Mirror.) others, might, when he renewed his sign, I'm a boy of all work, a complete little servant, really turn it into a woman without a Tho' now out of place, like a beggar I rove;

Tho' in waiting so handy, in duty so fervent, head. Or, even supposing the mistake

The heart (could you think it?) has turn'd to have been made by the sign-painter,

away Love! from being unable to distinguish the He pretends to require, growing older and older,

A muse more expert his chill tits to remove ; figure he had to copy from, have we

But sure ev'ry heart will grow colder and colder, not read of stranger metamorphoses, and

Whose fires are not lighted and fuel'd by Love! of stranger errors in drawing ?

He fancies that Friendship, my puritan brother,
F. R- Y

In journies and visits more useful will prove ;
But the heart rill soon find, when it calls on


That no heart is at home to a heart without HOT ROLLS; OR, ST. MONDAY.

Love. (For the Mirror.)

He thinks his new Porter, grim featur'd sus

picion, Miss Monday, as the gossips tell, Was deem'd a comely pleasing girl:

Will falsehood and pain from his mansion re

prove ; For shape and manners, air and grace,

But pleasure and truth will ne'er ask for ad. The boast, and charmer of the place.

mission, Not Scandal's tongue her name could taint;

If the doors of the heart be not open'd by
Indeed for virtue, deem'd a saint!

Yet Miss, the kindest, best of souls,
Was partial---very fond of rolls !

Too late he will own, at his folly confounded,
And as some things are thought propitious, My skill at a feast was all praises above ;
Hot rolls by her esteem'd delicious

For the heart, though with sweets in profusion Now, so it fell---the baker's shop,

surrounded, Where oft Miss Monday made a stop,

Must starve at a banquet unseasoned by Love! Was kept by two new married folks,

The heart will soon find all his influence falter On whom the tattlers made their jokes. 'Twas said that John (the man of dough)

By me, by me only that influence throve ;

With the change of his household, his nature Was never known astray to go;

will alter, From morn to night would work and sing,

That heart is no heart which can live without
Content and happy as a king:

No wish beyond his shop to roam,
So dear to him was wife and home!
And then his partner, little Jane,

Of John, nor business, did complain ;
She found him what she told him free,

( To the Editor of the Mirror.)
All that a man, good man, should be !
But curse on Envy's evil power,

SIR,_I am induced to make a few obHot rolls were made their joys to sour ;

servations, from observing in No. 70 of the Hot rolls for which Miss Monday came, “ MIRROR” two recipes for “ Red and Set John and John's wife, in a flame !

Fire.” In both, five proportions
She thought Miss Monday wink'd her eye
And John, (her Johnny) heav'd a sigh I of oxymuriate (or more properly chlo-
She thought she saw him squeeze her hand, rate) of potash are required, and directed
And Miss too near the oven stand !

to be well and perfectly triturated with
She thought(but that he did deny)
She heard him whisper," by and bye!"

the other ingredients. Now this prepaAndtherefore told the wicked elf

ration of potassa is very highly inflam. “Next time, I'll serve that girl myself.”

mable, and, of course, very dangerous to “ You shan't,” says John...-" I will,” says Jane, handle. This, the attempt to substitute " And always when she comes again. I'll have no wiuks nor squeezing here,

it for nitre, in the manufacture of gunAnd so you know my mind, my dear."

powder, at Essone, in the year 1788, can John bit his lips.---Jane bang'd the door!

prove; I have no doubt that many, seeThe reign of quiet was no more. And sure, as if to blow the coals,

ing the directions, would be inclined to Miss Monday came again for rolls !

make these “ Fires,” (especially as they And said, not thinking ill nor strife,

are exceedingly expensive to purchase,) She never eat such in her life!

and in the trituration, cause themselves And therefore told her sister Fan, “ My baker is a darling man!"

very considerable danger from explosion : In vain did John caress his wife

I myself am an instance of this." I have And swore he prized her more than life : found, however, that by substituting ten

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parts of nitrate of potassa, for five of the Select Biography. chlorate, all danger is obviated, and the

No. III.
brilliancy of the mixture very little, if at
all, diminished.-A Chemical Student.

ON A LADY WHO SQUINTED. Fame, register of time,
If ancient Poets Argus prize,

Write in thy scrowle, that I,
Who boasted of a hundred eyes,

Of wisdome lover, and sweet poesie,
Sure greater praise to her is due

Was cropped in my prime.
Who looks a hundred ways with two. tt

And ripe in worth, tho'greene in years did die.


HENRY HEADLEY was the only son of BULL IN 66 WAVERLEY."

the Rev. Henry Headley, Vicar of North ( To the Editor of the Mirror.) Walsham, in the County of Norfolk. He SIR,_Your intelligent correspondents,

was born at Irstead, in Norfolk, in the who have favoured us with an account of year 1766. The reputation of Di. Parr, the mistakes in the Scotch novels, have

as master of the grammar school at Noroverlooked one, which, perhaps, if it came wich, induced Mr. Headley to place his from an Irish instead of a Scotch author,

son under his care, under peculiarly fa. would be termed a bull. It occurs near

vourable circumstances. As the consti. the end of the third volume of Waverley,

tution of young Headley was naturally when the procession, which bears Fergus

delicate, much of the time, which his M'Ivor to execution, has passed through

school-fellows spent in robust exercises, the court-yard. After describing the

he devoted to writing, and many of the scene very faithfully, he

wild and tender effusions of his fancy,

says, court-yard was now ENTIRELY EMPTY. proved the poetical bias of his mind. Waverley was standing in the middle of

On the 14th of January, he was adYours, HONOROTONTHOLOGOS.

mitted a commoner of Trinity College,

Oxford, under the tuition of the Rev. THE POET'S VALENTINE.

Charles Jesse ; and at the following elec

tion on Trinity Monday, May 27th, was (For the Mirror.)

chosen scholar of that society. His situSINCE custom (whose tyrannic sway

ation at the University was as favourable Poets, like others, must obey)

as he could desire ; for it not only allowed Commands upon St. Valentine, To write our lovely maid a line,

him ample scope for the expansion of his Pleading the anguish of the heart,

genius, and the indulgence of his literary Transpierc'd by cruel Cupid's dart!

habits, but presented him with living That frenzy will distract the mind,

examples of classical taste, and learned If to our suit she prove unkind : That life without her, is but vile,

research, which he could not behold withOur only hope awaits her smile :

out enthusiastic admiration. Among And various other arts to move,

these bright examples was the Rey. ThoWell known by those who're skill'd in love, With vows of purest constant flame,

mas Wharton, well known to the public To woo the lass to change her name:

by his writings : he was at that time Obedient then to custom's rite,

Senior fellow of Trinity College, where My Valentine l’ll thus indite.

he usually resided : and Headley, as a Ye sisters of Parnassus' hill! Teach me to write with potent skill ;

scholar of the same College, was favour. Oh ! deign to hear my ardent pray'r,

ably situated for the contemplation of Poetic genius let me share:

Mr. Wharton's character, general man. With lyric nuinbers fire my verse,

ners, and habits of life. As his friends Grant that I may as Pope rehearse: In polish'd strains like his divine ;

found that no subjects were more agree. Then will applauding faine be mine ;

able to Headley than anecdotes of Whar. Without your aid the winged horse,

ton, they often fed his curiosity with a ('Tis Pegasus I mean of course) Will quickly throw me from his back,

treat he so much enjoyed. The infor. The meanest of the rhyming pack ;

mation they gave him, and the perusal No more to dare his fiery rein,

of his various publications_his poems Nor 'tempt Parnassus' steeps again!

his observations on Spenser-and his The scoffings of the critic crowd, Would instant tell my fall aloud ;

history of English poetry, stimulated him In pity then, avert my lot,

to give his mind that direction which Your kindness ne'er shall be forgot,

marked the course of his subsequent Your patronage I'll not abuse, But constant prove to ev'ry muse.

studies, and induced him to prefer “ the Vouchsafe then, inatchless isters nine,

monuments of banish'd minds” as exist. T'adopt me for your Valentine;

ing in old English poetry to all other Then, as in duty bound, I'll pray, Anxious

pursuits. my debt of gratitude to pay, I'll send you one a piece next courting day.

The various objects which the appear. JACOBUS. ance of the University of Oxford preK


sented, could not fail to produce a pow- flippant scribblers from these writers are erful effect on his imagination. The so many abundant proofs of the merit, delightful gardens and public walks; the which even they attach to them. various seats of learning and piety, where He was an occasional contributor of heroes had been taught the lessons of many ingenious pieces to the Gentlehonour and virtue, sages had planned man's Magazine, under the signature of their systems of philosophy, and poets C. T. O., and wrote an Essay in the had indulged their flights of fancy—the Oila Podrida, a periodical work, pubsurvey of the gothic battlements and lished in Oxford, in 1788, by the Rev. lofty towers“ mantled with the moss of T. Monro, which contains some excellent time"_the crisped roofs, the clustered observations on ancient and niodern tracolumns, and the mellow gloom of the gedy. painted windows, were all objects so He left Trinity College, after a resi. closely connected with the study of the dence there of nearly three years. For by-gone times, as to give a deep tincture some months after his departure from to his mind ; they were perfectly conge- Oxford, the inquiries of his college friends nial with his taste, and contributed to for his place of residence were in vain : mature and refine it.

it at length appeared, that he was inarried, Kindred minds will invariably cling and had retired to Matlock, in Derbyshire, together, wherever they meet. Happily pleased with such a sequestered retreat, finding in Trinity College several of its and the wild scenery of the country which members, who were young men of talents, accorded with the romantic turn of his learning, and amiable manners, he had mind. little difficulty in forming an aquaintance. The symptoms of a consumptive ten. Among the select number of his associ. dency in his constitution, which had been ates was William Lisle Bowles, who has increasing for some years, were now so since distinguished himself as an eminent strongly confirmed, and he became so poet.

alarmingly indisposed, that his physician His long vacations, far from being advised him to take a voyage to Lisbon. passed in idle rambles from home, were Thither he determined to proceed immedevoted to his studies, and the anxious diately, and his college friend, William discharge of his domestic duties. It is Benwell, excited by the most affectionate of importance to observe such traits as sympathy, hastened to London, and took these in his character, especially at a time leave of him under circumstances of diswhen men of literary pretensions appear tress, which may be more easily imagined by their actions, in too many deplorable than described. Though harrassed by instances, to deem it the privilege of an incessant cough, and unaccompanied genius to hold the important demands of by any one he knew, Headley had the ordinary life in utter contempt. At this resolution to undertake the voyage : he time his father was confined by an illness sailed in May, 1788; but on landing at which terminated in his death : the im. Lisbon, so far was he from feeling any pression made upon the mind of his effectual relief, that he found himself affectionate son, by a prospect so melan- oppressed by the heat of the climate. A choly, may be collected from the begin- few days would probably have terminated ning of his poem to Myra.

his life, but for the unremitting kindness From these sad seenes, where care and pale ductory letter, and who procured him

of a friend, to whom he had an introdismay Darken with deepest clouds the coming day, Where duty breathes in vain its lengthened sigh, benefit from the change of climate. His

every facility of deriving the desired And wipes the stagnant tear from sorrow's eye malady had, however, made too great O'er all its hupes views hovering death prevail, And mourns the social comforts as they fail; progress to be stopped ; and as he found Say, can a novice muse, though you inspire, In artless thanks awake the sadden'd lyre ?

that nothing was to be gained from a

residence in Portugal, he returned to In 1786, he produced the first collected England in August, to his house in Norfruits of authorship by the publication of wich. After suffering to such a degree, his poems and other pieces. Most of them as to put his patience to a very severe had appeared in the Gentleman's Maga. trial, he died on the 15th November, 1788, sine.

in the twenty-third year of his age, and In the following year, at the age of was buried near his parents, and two twenty-two, he published “ Select Beuu- sisters, in the church of North Walsham, ties of Ancient English Poets, with re- in Norfolk. marks.” Such a work was highly com- Mr. Headley was of middle stature, plimentary to these pioneers of our lite- thin, and delicately formed. His features rature, as well as honourable to the author. were remarkably expressive : when in The plagiarisms of many of our modern health, his cheeks glowed with the tints

of the damask rose and genius and sen.

LEAP YEAR. sibility were written in his face.

As this is leap year, an explanation of There was a charm in his society which the term, and when it originated, may not all acknowledged who came within the be deemed irrelevant, or unacceptible to sphere of its influence. The stream of our readers. his conversation was rather rapid than The time our earth takes to make one diffuse_rather brilliant than profound. complete revolution in its orbit round the He caught the peculiarities of different sun, we call a year. To complete this characters with amazing quickness, and with great exactness, is a work of condescribed them with matchless humour; siderable difficulty. It has mostly been he excelled in original and lively sallies divided into twelve months of thirty days. of imagination ; yet was his wit free from The ancient Hebrew months consisted malevolence, for he was perfectly good- of thirty days each, excepting the last, natured, and his ridicule was as often which contained thirty-five. Thus the turned upon himself, as levelled against year contained 365 days. An intercalary others.

month, at the end of 120 years supplied The Rev. Henry Kett, (from whose the difference. Memoir of Headley, the present notice is

The Athenean months consisted of 30 chiefly abstracted,) observes, that active and 29 days alternately, according to the benevolence was a prominent feature of regulation of Solon. This calculation his character, and recollects but one in- produced a year of 354 days, and a little stance of his anger. His resentment was

more than one third. But as a solar roused by an unfounded insinuation, that month contains 30 days, 10 hours, 29 he preferred the company of some of his minutes, Meton, to reconcile the 'ditacquaintance of another college, because ference between the solar and lunar year, they were of superior rank to his friends added several embolismic, or intercalary at Trinity. This gust of his passion was months, during a cycle, or revolution of violent, though short. Such a noble mind 19 years. as his could recognize no predilection for

The Roman months, in the time of associates, but that which depended upon Romulus, were only ten of 30 and 31 merit alone. He was high spirited with days. Numa Pompilius, sensible of the out arrogance, and elevated without pride. great deficiency of this computation, added Nothing could be more abhorrent from two more months, and made a year of his disposition than the cringing of the 355 days. sycophant, or the abject servilities of the The Egyptians had fixed the length of flatterer. Although he had smarted under their year to 365 days. the discipline of his old master, (Dr. Parr)

Julius Cæsar, who was well acquainted he recounted many instances of his kind with the learning of the Egyptians, was ness, and he would not have paid him the first who attained to any accuracy on the compliment of a dedication of his the subject. Finding the year established poems, had he not regarded him as a by Numa ten days shorter than the solar person of transcendent worth: to such year, Julius Cæsarsupplied the difference, worth alone, he made his obeisance ; and fixed the length of the year to be 365 when Headley offered up the incense of days, 6 hours, and regulated the months his praise, it was the sacrifice made by according to the present measure. To genius upon the altar of gratitude.

allow for the six odd hours, he added an When suffering the attacks of indis- intercalary day, every fourth year, to the position, he showed great firmness of month of February, reckoning the 24th mind, and cheerfulness of temper. There of that month twice, which year must, of was, indeed, a buoyancy in his disposi- course, consist of 366 days, and is called tion, that elevated him above the pressure leap year. From him it was denominated of his malady, and which seldom failed the Julian year. to display itself in the most agreeable

This year is also called Bissextile in manner, on the appearance of any one of the almanacks, and the day added is his friends, who might truly exclaim, termed the intercalary day. in the words of his favourite poei, Shirley, inserted the intercalary, by reckoning the

The Romans, as has been observed,

24th twice, and because the 24th of A smile shoot graceful upwards from his eyes, February, in their calendar, was called As if they had gain'd a victory over grief. sexto calendas mairii, the second sixth of To be concluded in our next.

the calends of March, and hence the year of intercallation had the appellation of Bissextile. We introduce in leap year a new day in the sanie month, namely, the 29th.

I often saw

To ascertain at any time, what year is DUSTY BOB'S LOVE LETTER, leap year, divide the date of the year

When, Cookey when, shall I again, by four, if there is no remainder it is leap

Delightful is the thought, year. Thus 1820 was leap year. But Eat from thy dish, such charming fish, 1819 divided by four, leaves a remainder As that thy mistress bought. of three, showing that it is the third year When shall my eyes behold such pies after leap year; and, as 1821 divided by As stood upon thy table : four, leaves one, it was, consequently,

When, Cookey when, shall I again,

To eat such things be able. the first after leap year.

When raspberry jam, or slice of ham, But the true solar year does not contain

Mince scollop, tarts, or jelly ; exactly 365 days, 6 hours, but 365 days, When, Cookey when, shall I again 5 hours, 48 minutes, and 49 seconds ; With these things till my belly. which to calculate for correctly requires Such dainty bits, which so befits an additional mode of proceeding; 365 My appetite so keen,

Nice pleasant's legs, and such poach'd eggs days, 6 hours, exceeds the true time by 11

The like was never seen. minutes, 11 seconds, every year, amount

A good stew'd eel, some roasted veal, ing to a whole day in little less than 130

Or e'en some potted hare, years.

Though I'm no glutton, a leg of mutton Notwithstanding this, the Julian year

Shall make the bill of fare. continued in general use till the year Then tell me Cookey, tell me pray, 1582, when Pope Gregory XIII. re- When I shall call again,

Dou't leave me ou but your first rout formed the calendar, by cutting off ten

Send quick for me, your swain. days between the 4th and 15th of October

DUSTY BOB. in that year, and calling the 5th of that month the 15th. This alteration of the style was gradually adopted through the

SIGNS OF RAIN; greater part of Europe, and the year was afterwards called the Gregorian year, or An excuse for not accepting the invitation of a New Style.

Friend to make an excursion with him. In this country, the method of reckon

An Original Poem, by the late Dr. Jenner. ing according to the New Style, was not admitted into our calendars until the

1. The hollow winds begin to blow,

2. The clouds look black, the glass is low; year 1752, when the error amounted to

3. The soot falls down, the spaniels sleep, nearly 11 days, which were taken from 4. And spiders from their cobwebs peep. the month of September, by calling the

5. Last night the sun went pale to bed, 3rd. of that month the 14th.

6. The moon in halos hid her head;

7. The boding shepherd heaves a sigh, The error announting to one whole day

8. For, see, a rainbow spans the sky. in about 130 years, (by making every 9. The walls are damp, the ditches smell, fourth year leap year,) it is settled by an

10. Clos'd is the pink-ey'd pimpernell.

11. Hark! how the chairs and tables crack, act of parliament, that the vear 1800 and

12. Old Betty's joints are on the rack ; the year 1900, which according to the 13. Loud quack the ducks, the peacocks cry; rule above given, are leap years, shall be

14. The distant hills are looking nigh. computed as common years, having only 16. The busy dies

disturb the kine;

15. How restless are the snorting swine, 365 days in each; and that every four

17. Low o'er the grass the swallow wings hundredth year also. If this method be

18. The cricket, too, how sharp be sings; adhered to, the present mode of reckon

19. Puss on the hearth, with velvet paws, ing will not vary a single day from true

20. Sits, wiping o'er whisker'd jaws. time, in less than 5,000 years.

21. Through the clear stream the tishes rise

22. And nimbly catch th’incautious flies; The beginning of the year was also 23. The glow-worms, numerous and bright, changed, by the same act of parliament, 25. At dusk the squalid

toad was seen, from the 25th of March to the 1st of Ja

26. Hopping and crawling o'er the green; nuary, so that the succeeding months of 27. The whirling wind the dust obeys, January, February, and March, up to the 28. And in the rapid eddy plays ; 24th day, which would, by the Old

29. The frog has chang'd his yellow vest,

30. And in a russet coat is drest. Style, have been reckoned part of the

31. Though June, the air is cold and still ; year 1752, were accounted as the first 32. The yellow blackbird's voice is shrill. three months of the year 1753. Hence 33. My dog, so alter'd in his taste, we see such a date as this, January 1st, 35. And see, yon rooks, how odd their flight,

34. Quits mutton-bones, on grass to feast; 1757-8, or February 3, 1764-5: that is 36. They imitate the gliding kite, according to the old style, it was 1764, 37. And seem precipitate to fall... but, according to the new, 1765, because

38. As if they felt the piercing ball.

39. T'will surely rain, I see with sorrow; now the year begins in January instead

40. Our jaunt must be put off to-morrow, of March.

Lit Gas.

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