it is a sign that beer has fallen. Drink. be had at about 1ļd. per ounce ; but, if ing, he says, makes him lean, because bought by the pound, it is considerably he leans against every post and wall that cheaper.

F. S. tars his passage, which is uncommonly grating to his feelings. And when he

RECEIPT FOR A COUGH. gets up a rope ladder, he says, he is an upright man, and cannot fail rising in Take of Mucilage of Gum Arabic, 2 oz. the world. If any one talks of our first

Simple Syrup, è oz. parents, he says, he was on the eve of

Peppermint Water, 1 oz. mentioning them, and if he was able, he Mix the above together. would give so and so a good caining, plague on such jokes say I. A celebrated poet, he says, ought to write more, for he To the Editor of the Mirror. has written little long enough, almost till

Croydon, January 28, 1824. he was done brown. He talks of Mr. Westcott, who is a relation of Mr. Coates : valuable little work the Mirror; and on

SIR,_I am a regular subscriber to your such observations would be only making perusing that dated January 3, I find you breaches into nonsense, I trow sirs, it have greatly erred in prescribing (under would, was his reply. He exclaims, the head « Useful Domestic Hints,”) a requiescat in pace over a dead puss. remedy “In case of danger arising from INGENS cui lumen ademptum, when he having drank water when warm." You sees the engines running. And thanks advise half an ounce of camphor to be Mr. Peel for the Repeal of the Marriage dissolved in a gill of brandy, and taken at Act.


intervals of three minutes. Surely you August, 1823.

must have intended half a drachm; for, if you refer to the properties of camphor in

the Pharmacopæia, you will find the dose Useful Domestic Hints. to be from one to five grains, and in large

doses twenty grains and upwards; and that excessive doses produce syncope, anxiety,

retchings, convulsions and delirium. Hops being last season a very unproduc

A CONSTANT READER. tive crop, are now of course proportionably dear; it may, therefore, not be amiss to state, for the information of private families, who practise economy, and brew ( To the Editor of the Mirror.j their beer, that Gentian root has been used with the greatest success for a sub- Sir,-Observing in a monthly scienstitute. The proportion of Gentian to tific journal, an article on the subject each bushel of malt, varies from one of making butter in winter, I beg leave ounce to an ounce and half, to which a to furnish a few particulars on that subquarter of a pound of hops should be ject, as practised in Russia, since the added. This root is to be carefully cut year 1816, and which may, perhaps, into thin slices, and if boiled in a quan

be of some service to those who may tity of water for some time, before it is be induced to make the experiment added with the hops in the usual manner, either in summer or winter. Being in it will ensure the extraction of the bitter that country in the year 1817, I was principle; although, by many who have informed by a Russian nobleman, that used it, it is merely sliced, and put into the the proprietor of an extensive estate (also boiling wort precisely in the same method a nobleman of high rank) had discovered that hops usually are, and it is almost a new mode of making butter, and had impossible to distinguish beer so brewed, received letters patent from the Emperor from that where hops are wholly used ; as a reward for the discovery, and which if any thing, the Gentian imparts a more he stated as being at that time in full and grateful bitter. A few hops added in the successful operation. The process concask when the liquor is stopped down, will sisted in boiling (or rather that species of impart the full flavour of the hop. The boiling called simmering) the milk for quantity of the root may be diminished the space of fifteen minutes in its sweet or increased, so that the bitter may suit state-observing at the same time not to the taste, and a little experience will ena- use sufficient heat to burn the milk; it is ble those who use it to do so. Generally, then churned in the usual manner. He perhaps, one ounce with four ounces of also stated, that no difficulty ever ochops, will be found sufficient for each curred in procuriug butter immediately, bushel of malt. The Gentian root may and of a quality far superior to that made


from milk which had undergone vinous confess myself under particular obligafermentation: and that in addition to its tions to you for the very remarkable superior flavour, it would preserve its countenance you have shewn me upon qualities much longer than that made in this occasion.” the ordinary mode; that the additional

Two friends, one a native of Lancaadvantages were, that the milk, being shire, the other an Hibernian, being in left sweet, is possessed of almost the same

conversation together, the latter asked the value for ordinary purposes, and by some was considered more healthy, as they sup- die?”' The answer was,

former, “ what death he would wish to

66 Let me die posed the boiling or scalding to destroy the death of the righteous.” “ Och! my whatever animalculæ it may have con

dear,” replied honest Pat, “ that you'll tained. If the above process should upon expe

never do as long as ye live." riment prove of sufficient importance, so as to bring it into general use, particu- THE VALENTINE WREATH. larly in the winter, it would perhaps be

BY MR. MONTGOMERY. to the advantage of those who may prac- Rosy red the hills appear tise it to have their milk scalded in vessels calculated to stand in the kettle or boiler,

With the light of morning,

Beauteous clouds, in æther clear, by which mode the danger of burning the

All the East adorning; milk would be avoided, for it is ascer

White thro' mist the meadows shine: tained that milk only burns on the edges of its surface, or where it comes in con

Wake, my Love, my Valentine ! tact with the sides of the vessel in which For thy locks of raven hue, it is heated, which can never happen in

Flowers of hoar frost pearly, double kettles, or where one is placed Crocus-cups of gold and blue, within the other.

Snow-drops drooping early,
AGRICOLA. With Mezeron springs combine :

Rise, my Love, my Valentine!
The Gatherer.

O'er the margin of the flood,
Pluck the daisy peeping;

Thro’ the covert of the wood, " I am but a Gatherer and disposer of other

Hunt the sorrel creeping;
men's stuff."..-Wotton.

With the little Celandine,

Crown my Love, my Valentine.

Pansies, on their lowly stems, John, Duke of Bourbonnois, published Scatter'd o'er the fallows; a declaration, in 1414, “ that he would

Hazel-buds with crimson gems, go over to England, with sixteen knights,

Green and glossy sallows, and there fight to extremity, in order to

Tufted moss and ivy-twine, avoid idleness, and to merit the good

Deck my Love, my Valentine. graces of the fair lady whose humble servant he was."

Few and simple flow'rets these ;

Yet to me less glorious A person talking to Foote of an ac

Garden-beds and orchard-trees ! quaintance of his, who was so avaricious, Since this wreath victorious that he lamented the prospect of his Binds you now for ever mine, funeral expenses, and who yet had censured one of his relations for his parsi.

O my Love, my Valentine. mony; 66 Now, is it not strange,

TO CORRESPONDENTS. tinued he, “ that this man would not Edgar is requested to send to our office for a take the beam out of his own eye, before letter. he attempted the mote in other people's ?”

Lector Speculi shall be attended to.

The favours of P. T. W., J. D. S., Beta-Pi, “ Why, so I dare say he would," cried A. B., J. H. W., F.S., T., and some half dozen Foote, if he was sure of selling the tim- artieles on the stage, with valentines addressed ber.'

to every lady's name from Amelia to Zenobia,

have been received. When Mr. C. Yorke was returned The Prophetic Dew Drops versified, The member for the University of Cambridge,

Chemical Student, and Jacobus, in our next.

Errata in our last.---P. 106, col. 1, 1. 10 from in 1770, he went round to thank the bottom, for « Senuiani,” read “Geminiani ;”, members who had voted for him. Among col. 2, 1.8 from bottom, for “Melpomene," read the number was one remarkable for hav- “ Euterpe ;" p. 111, col. 1, 1.7, for“ Kellarday," ing the largest and ugliest face that ever

readKellaway.was seen. Mr. Yorke, in thanking him,

Printed and Published by J. LIMBIRD, said, “Sir, I have a great reason to be 143, Strand, (rear Somerset House,)

and sold thankful to my friends in geperal, but by all Newsmen and Booksellers.




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He died poor,

Long had the genius of Burns been turds were soon supplied to complete the universally acknowledged, and his poems It is a beautiful sepulchral monument, been read and admired, from the Land's which, for symmetry and chasteners of End to John o'Groat's, before there was design, has scarcely its equal in any age any tribute to his memory. While living, or country. An inscription in Latin was he had been treated with the most cruel deposited in the first stone, of which the neglect, and insulted with the situation o. following is a translation :an exciseman, for, to a man of his genius In perpetual honour of and feeling, such an office was an insult,

ROBERT BURNS, when death released him from the fangs decided'y the first Scottish poet of his age, of poverty on the 22nd of July, 1796, in whose exquisite verses in the dialect the 38th year of his age.

of his country, but “ owing no man;" for the indepen. distinguished for the strength and fire dence of his spirit, and the exemplary

of native genius, prudence of his wife, not only preserved more than for the acquired accomplish · him from debt, but from every sort of

of polish and erudition, Eighteen years had his fame, like a are admired by all men of letters rolling snow-ball, continually augmented, for their humour, pleasantry, elegance, when two gentlemen stepped forth to

and variety ; erect a monument to his memory. Their his townsmen and uthers, wbo love polite names deserve record. It was to William

literature, Guerson, Esq. of Baitford, Dumfrieshire, and cherish the memory of so emisent and Alexander Key, Esq. of Golden

a genius, square, London, that the memory of caused this Mausoleum to be erected Burns and the public are indebted for the over the mortal remains of Mausoleum, of which we this week give

THE BARD. an engraving. When once projected,

Of this edifice,
VOL. di




planned by Thomas F. Hurst, Before this fatal event, the Tyriarz at London, architect,

had founded many colonies on the coast the first stone was laid by of Europe and Africa, particularly Car William Miller, Esq.

thage, which by the intimate connexion Provincial Grand Master of the Southern it always kept up with its mother coun. District

try, and the free access the Carthaginians of Free-Masons in Scotland, had to the remotest parts of Europe,

in the reign of George III. grew to a far greater height of opulence during the regency of George, and power than commerce had been atPrince of Wales, tained by any nation before them.

The Joseph Gass, Esq. being Provost of taking of Tyre removed the seat of the Dumfries,

same commerce to Alexandria, where the on the 5th day of June,

Ptolemys were great encouragers of comin the year of light, 5815, merce, and found their advantage in it. of our Lord, 1815.

For the produce of the customs of Alex.

andria is said to have been two millions HISTORY OF COMMERCE. of our money annually. Alexandria (For the Mirror.)

maintained the same rank in point of

trade and commerce during the earlier If we would mark the several periods period of the Roman empire, but yielded and countries, in which manufactures to Constantinople; the riches acquired by and commerce have flourished, we must

commerce long preserved the remains of follow the course of the arts, which com- that power which had a very different merce has always accompanied, and in a origin. great measure that of power, which sel.

During the ravages committed by the dom fails to attend it, when we should northern barbarians, in their invasion of find that the progress of all the three has the Roman empire, two rival states, been from east to west, beginning near Venice and Genoa, rose from the most the land of Palestine.

inconsiderable beginnings, and by their The first people who were induced by commerce with Constantinople and Alextheir situation to apply to arts and com- andria on the one hand, and the western merce, were those who inhabited the states of Europe on the other, arrived at coasts of the Red Sea and the Arabian immense riches and power ; so as to be Gulf, so convenient for transporting a match for the Turks, when they had goods from the Indies ; though it is most put an end to the Constantinopolitan em. probable, that goods were first carried pire. Within this period, viz. in the 13th by land on camels. These people were century, the business of exchange and the Arabians or Ishmaelites, and espe- banking was begun by the Lombards cially the Edomites. Their trade was and Jews; an invention of infinite ad. chiefly with Egypt, which by that means

vantage to the trading part of the world, was rich and populous. Upon the con. which was now become very extensive. quest of Idumea, by David, the scattered Before this time, commerce had made remains of that industrious people fled considerable progress westwards, and to the coast of the Mediterranean sea, many towns in Germany, England, the where as Sir Isaac Newton conjectures, Low Countries, and France, called the they took Sidon, the inhabitants of which Hanse Towns, entered into a league for built Tyre, which being found more com- carrying on a very extensive commerce, modiously situated for traffic, soon became which they did with vast advantage, till more famous than the mother country. their haughtiness and warlike enterprises, The Tyrians finding an immense vent gave umbrage to the powers of Europe, for their commodities along all the coast and engaged them to put an end to the of the Mediterranean sea, among people confederacy. Venice and Genoa were who had just begun to be civilized, (and ruined in part, by their mutual jealousy whom their intercourse with them, more and wars; but what diverted almost the than any other circumstance, contributed whole course of trade out of its former to civilize,) grew rich, populous and channel, and which makes the most repowerful to an incredible degree ; and markable revolution in the whole history notwithstanding they were subdued by of commerce, was the discovery of a Nebuchadnezzar, they were only driven passage to the East Indies, round the from the continent. They built a city Cape of Good Hope, by the Portuguese, equal, or superior, to the former on an and of America, by the Spaniards. island opposite to it, where they con- These discoveries they were enabled to tinued their commerce with the same make, by means of the compass, which advantages, till they were finally sub- then first begun to be applied to navigadued by Alexander the Great.

tion; though that property of the load

stone, on which the use of it depends, Alas ! not permitted to glitter on flow'rs had been known a considerable time be.

As happier dew-drops have been, fore. For about a century and a half,

That have sparkied at eve, in the moonligar

hours. these were the only considerable naval Like fairy lamps over the scene ; powers in the world ; but the arrogance

And liv'd thro'tbe night and ambition of the Spaniards after the

And the morning bright,

On the buds, till the noon of the day; conquest of Portugal, excited the hatred But the heat of the sun, and industry of the Dutch and English. Or his wrath has undone The former, first became a free, then

These poor dew-drops, and chas'd them away!"

Thus liad murmur'd the child, when a deeting a commercial, and in a remarkably show'r short space of time, a rich and potent Bore dowu from the darkening sky; state, and much superior to their former And a rain-bow appear’d, ere the closing acar masters. The English, in the reign of As a beautiful arch upon high.

"See thy dew-drops fair Elizabeth, began to follow their foot- In the rain-bow there, steps, and by a steady perseverance, and More brilliantly set than before ; the help of many natural advantages,

So, that which fades here, they have been continually increasing Will re-bloon to be blighted, no more!".

In a purer sphere their commerce and naval force, till it is While thus spoke the father, low little he knew at this day far superior to that of the That his words as pretiguring fell, Dutch, or that of any other state in the

Or that the fair intant soon fading from view

Ah would witness their tiutu but too well! world. The success of the Dutch and

For this child of light, English has axcited all the states of In the morning bright Europe, in proportion to their abilities

Of his wisdom too early given; and opportunities, to engage


By sickness assailed, commerce.

Was even exhaled This emulation has raised such a spirit As a dew-drop from earth into hearen! of industry, promoted so many new ma- Feb. 16th, i824.

E.S. C--------Y nufactures, occasioned the establishment of so many new colonies in all parts of

THE GOOD WOMAN. the known world, and brought such an

(For the Mirror.) amazing accession of riches and power to Some persons, whose reading and expethe states of Europe general, as must rience have brought them in contact have appeared incredible, but a few cen

rather with bad women than good, and turies ago. And little did the ancient who, perhaps, have read the story of a Greeks and Romans imagine that the woman who spoke very well without a divisi toto orbe Brittanni, and the poor tongue, a story which is attested by Wil. barbarous and ignorant neighbouring na- cox, Bishop of Rochester, and was read tions, would ever make the figure they before the Royal Society, in a letter from now do, and go so infinitely beyond Lisbon, dated September 3, 1707 ; and whatever they had attained to in respect which gave occasion to the following to science, commerce, riches, power, and epigram :I may add, happiness. As to the com- That without a tongue a roman could merce of England, though it was by no

Chat and prattle, talk aloud :

As a fact I must receive it.... means inconsiderable in several periods But that a woman with a tongue of the more early part of our history, Could hold lier peace, and fold it long; that were particularly favourable to it,

Pshaw! I can't believe it. and though it was encouraged by several Some such persons, may have been of of our wiser princes in those times ; yet opinion, that woman never could be till the period in which I have introduced absolutely good unless her head were the mention of it, it never was so con. entirely off; and hence have decluced the siderable as to deserve being taken notice origin of the sign, which is still to b: of in this very general view of the pro- scen at several oil shops, particularly in gress and revolutions of commerce. St. Giles's, midway between the church

D. K. L. and Tottenham-Court Road; at another THE PROPHETIC DEW-DROPS.* in Bishopsgate-street; at a third, in Kent

street-road; and at a fourth in London. (For the Mirror.)

road; at the last shop, however, the In a garden where flowrets were blooming wild, husband fairly divides the sign with One arid and sultry morning,

his wife; for it is the “ Good Nan" on There restlessly wander'd a delicate child, Whose sense was too early dawning :

one side, and the Good Woman" on the “ Ah Father!” he cried,

other. But, when we are told, that this As the buds he eyed,

sign has never appeared but at an oii. That languidly droop'd before them; “ The dew-drops to day,

shop, and that it is commonly believed, Have been snatch'd away

that the first-nientioned house has been Too soon, and we're left to deplore them! in the same trade, and with the same * See Mirror, No. 70.

sign, or soniething like it, ever since the K 2

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