sional duties, 22; his popularity at Gray's Inn, 23; his improvement of Gray's Inn gardens and buildings, 23; his autograph there, 21; his promotion to the bench of Gray's Inn, 23; his letter to the Lord Treasurer to be called to the bar, see note 23; his union with the Leicester party, 25; his affection for Essex, 25; his application to Lord Burleigh for an appointment, with an eye to his favorite pursuits, 26 ; grant of a reversion to, by Burleigh's influence, 26; his first speech upon the improvement of the law, 27; his favorite opinion of the duty of lawyers to strengthen and improve the law, 27; his plan for a digest and amendment of the whole law, 27; his con-, scientious speech upon the delay of the subsidies and the anger of the Queen, 27; Ben Jonson's opinion of the eloquence of, 28; his application to the Queen for the solicitorship, 28; Essex's intercession for with the Queen respecting the solicitorship, 30; Lord Keeper Puckering's misrepresentations against, to the Queen, 30; his letter to the Queen for the solicitorship, accompanied by a jewel according to custom, 32; his intercession with the Queen upon her dissatisfaction with Essex during his absence in Ireland, 49 ; his advice to Essex during his confinement, with respect to his management of the Queen, 53 ; his steady friendship to Essex, 59; his conference with the Queen, and objections to the public proceeding against Essex, 56, 57 ; chosen counsel against Essex, upon the public proceedings in the Star Chamber, 59; his relative duties to the Queen, to Essex, and to himself, upon her order as to his being counsel against Essex, 59, 60, 61, his admiration and friendship for Essex, 59; his motives for acceding to the Queen's order with respect to Essex, 64; his letter to the Queen upon the subject, 64; his application to King James upon the death of the Queen, 98 ; knighted by King James, bis opinion of the honour, 99 ; Lady Bacon, first mention of, by, 102 ; his first session, elected for both St. Albans and Ipswich, 106; his exer


tions, sat on twenty-nine commit. tees, 107; nominated by the House to attend privy counsels, upon the abuses complained of, and report thereon, 107; appointed a mediator between the Commons and Lords, 107; address to the King not resented by him, 108; appointed King's counsel, with a pension, 108; his love of knowledge unchecked by politics, 109; his letter to Sir H. Saville upon education, 109; his tract upon the intellectual powers, 111; his arrangement of knowledge respecting the body, 111; his work upon the greatness of Britain, 114 ; his legal and political exertions, 119; his publication of the advancement of learning, 120 ; his aversion to method, 124; his low estimate of the study of words, 129; his observations in his advancement upon the advantages of learning, and the distempers of learning, see analysis, note, 131 ; his essay upon government, extract from, 131 ; his investigation of philosophy, (in the second book of his advancement), divine, natural, and human, 133 ; see analyses of history and man, 133, 134; his beautiful and happy illustration of his subjects, 135 ; exertions to improve the law, 138; his exertions to improve the condition of Ireland, and tract upon, 137, 138; his endeavours to promote the union with Scotland, and speeches upon, 139, 140; his exertions to promote church reform.-See his tracts upon the subject, 141; appointed solicitor-general upon Coke's promotion,

his quarrel with Sir Edward Coke (nd) and letter of expostula. tion, 143 ; his reproof of Sir Edward Coke's cruel treatment of prisoners, 145; his encouragement of merit upon his promotion to the solicitorship, 147 ; his improvement of the law, 147 ; see note C C at the end ; his perseverance in the Novum Oro ganum during his political and professional labours, 147; his com position of detached parts of the Novum Organum in his youth, 147; his publication of the wisdom of the ancients, 148; his appointment as judge of a new court to extend the jurisdiction of the Marshalsea, 151;



his protest against capital punishment, 151 ; his argument against the legality of the foundation of the Charter-house, 151 ; his publication of a new edition of the essays, 152 ; his prosecution of Lord Sanquhar on behalf of the Crown, and his great mildness, 153 ; his letter to Sir J. Constable, dedicating the essays to him, see note, 153; his appointment to the office of attorneygeneral, 154; his letter to Lord Salisbury and to the King, respecting the appointment, see note (b), 154 ; his general, legal, and political knowledge and fitness for the office, 154; his political exertions, 155; his great lenity as public prosecutor, see note (6), 155; his opinions upon severe punishments, 156; his work for compiling and amending the laws, 156 ; his advice to the King upon his unconstitutional expedient to raise supplies, see his letter, note (c), 157 ; his tract upon duelling, see note (a), for the mis.chief, cause, and origin of, 159 ; his powerful speech upon the absurdity of the supposed confederacy to control the House of Commons, see outline in note, 162 ; his speech against Mr. 0. St. John, upon his trial for the publication of a letter reflecting upon the King's demand of presents, see outline in note, 165; bis prosecution, as attorney-general, of Mr. Peacham, Mr. Owen, and Mr. Talbot, for high treason, 167, 168; his letters to the King respecting Peacham's case, 169, 170; his private conference with Sir Edward Coke upon the law of Peacham’scase, and removal of his scruples upon his objection, 171, 172 ; Judge Foster's hasty censure upon his conduct in Peacham's case, 173; his vigorous advances, in the teeth of prejudice, in the advancement of knowledge, 175; his realopinions as to Peacham's case, 175; his witty conversation with Queen Elizabeth concerning Essex's apology, showing her acquaintance with the torture, note (c), 175; his reprobation of the custom of importuning the judges, 176 ; his letter to the King respecting Owen's case, 176; letter to the King respecting his case, see note (a), 178 ; speech


against, for high treason, see note
(b), 178 ; his speeches upon Owen
and Talbot's trials for high treason,
see notes (b) und (c), 178; Villiers's
friendship for, 180; his letter to
Villiers, with directions for the re-
gulation of his conduct at court, 181;
his speech upon the prosecution of
Sir J. Hollis, Mr. Lumsden, and
Sir J. Wentworth, respecting the
Earl and Countess of Somerset's
case, 184; his temperate speech
upon the trial of the Earl and Coun-
tess of Somerset for the murder of
Sir Thomas Overbury, 185; his
letter to Villiers respecting the dis-
pute upon the jurisdiction of the
Court of Chancery, 186; bis letter
to Villiers alluding to Chancellor
Brachley's opinion of his powers,
187; his letter to Villiers respecting
a motion to swear him Privy Coun-
cillor, 187; bis appointment as Privy
Councillor, 188; his prosecution of
Mr. Markham in the Star Chamber
for sending a challenge to Lord
Darcy, 189; his appointment as
Chancellor by the King with four
admonitions, 189 his letter to Vil-
liers upon his appointment as Chan-
cellor, 190; his motives in accept-
ing office, 191 ; his fitness for the
office of Chancellor as a lawyer, a
judge, a statesman, and patron, 1971;
his essays upon the duties of a
judge, 198 ; his letter to an old
clergyman presenting him to a living,
199; his conscientious appointment
of judges, 200; anecdotes respecting
his rejection of presents, note (b),
205; presents to, from the suitors
upon his being appointed Lord
Keeper, 209; appointed head of the
council about a week after his crea-
tion as Lord Keeper, 211; his
constant communication with Buck-
ingham during the King's progress,
213; his procession in state to
Westminster as Lord Keeper, and
address to the bar, 213, 214, 215,
216; his contempt for the pomp

of office, see letter to Buckingham, 217; his opposition to Buckingham's marriage, and quarrel in consequence, 219; his reconciliation with Buckingham, 220; his attempt to retrench the royal expences, see letters to the King and Buckingham,


BACON 221 ; his conscientious fulfilment of him by the Lords, 359, et seq.; his the office of Lord keeper in the confession and humble submission staying of grants and patents, 222 ; to the Lords answering the charges appointed Lord High Chancellor against him, 359; the Lords' disand Barron of Verulam, 223; his satisfaction with, upon his letter of just conduct with respect to the submission, and the particular Dutch merchants, 225; his letter charges against him sent to by,354 ; respecting the Dutch merchants, deserts his defence after conference 225; his letter to Buckingham re- with the King, 372 ; grief at being specting the reform of the King's compelled to desert bis defence, household, 231; his unprecedented 372 ; his letter to the King, deexertions as Chancellor, 232; his fending himself from the charge of warning to Buckingham upon his bribery, 373; his love of knowledge interference with causes, 233; his the ruling passion, see note (6), letter to the King respecting Ber- 378 ; his letter to the Bishop of tram's murder of Sir J. Tindal, 239; Winchester upon his retirement, his letters to Buckingham, inter- 380; sent to the Tower, 382; his ceding for Lord Clifton, note (r), letters from the Tower, 382 ; his 241 ; his opinion upon the duty of liberation and retirement to Gor. a judge to resist bribery, 245 ; his hambury, 383. structure of a house of retirement at Bacon, Sir Nicholas, Bacon's father, 1. Verulam, 257 ; his patent for con- Baconiana, extract from, exposing the verting Lincoln's Inn Fields into absurdity of the charges against gardens, 257; his delight in the Buckingham with respect to the pleasures of nature, see his Essay Chancellor Egerton, and his supon Gardens, 257; Alienation Office posed enmity to Bacon, note (6), and York Ilouse granted to Bacon,

209. 258 ; bis abandonment of the com- Bar, Bacon's call to the, see letter in pletion of the Novum Organum note (a) to the Lord Treasurer of according to his original design, Gray's Inn, 23; the duty of a judge 260 ; his aversions to system, 270 ; to the, 254. created Viscount St. Alban, 303 ; Barker and Hill, present to Bacon in, contempt of the charges against after decree rebutting bribery, note bim, see his speech in the com- (c) 339; refutation of charge in, 367. mittee, note, 315; defended against Barometer, Bacon's invention of a, 34. the charge of bribery, 316 ; presides Beccaria, his opinions upon the trial for the last time in the House of by torture, see note, 164. Lords, 320 ; his written address to, Benevolences, parliament summoned upon the charge of bribery, 320; to raise, in the King's distresses, 302. his state of mind during the enqui- Ben Jonson, his opinion of Bacon's ries against him, various accounts, eloquence, 28, 199; Bacon's friend 328 ; anecdotes of, during the and translator of his essays, 39; enquiries against him, 329; his a bricklayer, see anecdote of, note (e) letters of complaint of the virulence 257; his ode in honour of Bacon's of his enemies, 330, 331 ; his pre- birthday, 259. parations for his defence, 333; his Bertram, his murder of Sir F. Tindal, sentiments respecting the custom of a Master of the Court, see Bacon's receiving presents, 334 ; imagined account and letter to the King resdefence of, 336; his interview with pecting, 239, see note, 240. the King respecting the charge Birth and parentage of Bacon, 1. against him, 314.---See entry in the Bodley, Sir T., his opinion of Bacon's journals of the House of Lords, 246 ; views in his Cogitata et Visa, 148. his letter to the King, thanking him Brackley, Lord Chancellor, death of, for his interview, note (a), 349; bis

opinion of Bacon's

powers, letter of submission and supplication see note (c), 187. to the Lords (first submitted to the Bribery, absurd charges of, against King and Buckingham, 349), 351 ; Bacon, in Fisher and Wraynham, his defence against the several Hody and Hody, Egerton and Eger. charges of bribery communicated to ton, Awbrey and Brenker, and the


et seq.

Apothecaries and Grocers, see notes nion of, 5; Bacon's feelings upon 237, 238, 239; extract from Bacon, approaching, 6; popularity of Arisupon the duty of a judge to resist, totle's philosophy at, in the time of 245; charge of, against Bacon, by Bacon, 8; Bacon's departure from, Aubrey and Egerton, 313; the ab- 10; Bacon's endowment of two surd charges of, against Bacon, 337, lectures to be delivered at, by a 338, et seq.; charge of, against

stranger, 13. Bacon, more properly applied to Capital punishment. — See Punishhis servants, 341 ; Bacon's defence ment. against the several charges of, com- Causes, real, in different apparent municated to him by the Lords, 359,

causes, 294,

Caution, the property of a good judge, Britain, Bacon's work upon the great- 251, ness of, 114.

Cecil, Sir Robert, Bacon's relationship Brown, the Scotch philosopher, his to, 25; and Leicester party, divi

objections to Bacon's theory as to, sion of the court into, 25 ; Bacon's

and mode of, investigating, 298. accusation of, with respect to the Buckingham, see Villiers; Bacon's solicitorship, 30; Bacon's honest

letter to, interceding for Lord Clif- retraction upon his accusation of, ton, see note (b) 241; William's as to the solicitorship, 31. persuasion of, to bear up against the Chamberlain, his account of Peachpopular clamour to crush Bacon, am's case, see note (6), 177. 242 ; rapacious patents of, 306 ; Chancellor, Bacon appointed, upon alarmed at the outcries of the people, the death of Brackley, 189; Bacon's consults Williams, 310; delivers Ba- joy upon his appointment as, see con's address to the House of Lords, letter to Villiers, 190; his motives 332 ; his disquiets upon the popular for accepting the office of, 191; discontent, 341; William's advice Bacon's fitness for the office of, as to, in his fears to brave the popular a lawyer, a judge, a statesman, and discontent, 342; his cowardly aban- patron, 197 ; the salary of, in the donment of Bacon, 344; his denial age of Bacon composed partly of of the charge of sending his brother presents from the suitors, 202 ; preout of the way to avoid the charge sents to the, common in the reign of of bribery, 348.

Henry VI., note (a), 204; Bacon Burke, his opinion of the value of created Lord High, 1618, 222 ;

fame and honours, note (a) 195; Bacon's unprecedented exertions as, his opinion of the propriety of a see letter to Buckingham, 232. judge's being unconnected with po- Chancery.—See Court of.

litics, 243, see Hale's life, note, 244. Chancery, court of, Bacon's procesBurleigh, Lord, Bacon nephew to, 25;

sion in state to take his seat in, and Bacon's letter to, praying a recom

address to the bar, 213, 214, 215, mendation to the Queen, 19; Ba- 216; Bacon's unprecedented exercon's letter to Lady, praying her tions in, see letter to Buckingham, influence to hasten his suit, see note, 232 ; Bacon's improvement in the 20; his jealousy of Bacon's friend- practice of, adopted at the present ship for Essex, 26; letter of Bacon day, 243. to, praying an appointment, with an Chances of an experiment of the divieye to his favorite pursuits, 26; his sions of the art of experimenting, gift of a valuable reversion to Bacon, 265. 26; his intercession with the Queen Character of the Queen and of Essex, for Bacon's appointment as soli- as shown in Bacon's Apology, 45. citor, 30.

Charges raked up to the amount of Bushel, Bacon's amanuensis, see his twenty-three against Bacon, 330.

mode of writing by dictation, 257; Charity, the advancement of learning remarkable extract from, upon Ba- the most exalted, Bacon's favourite con being sacrificed by the King, 375. theory, 223.

Charter House, Bacon's argument CAMBRIDGE, Bacon's admission to against the legality of the foundation

Trinity College, 5; Bacon's opi- of, 15). VOL. XV.



Church reform, Bacon's efforts to Comparisons, table of, Bacon's mode promote, 140 ;

his tracts,

of discovering truth, 287. 141.

Compton, answer to the charge in the Church, Bacon's tracts upon the cona

case of, 364. troversies of and the edification of Conduct of the understanding in the 141.

investigation of truth, 283. Civil list, Bacon's attempt to reduce Conference, Bacon's, with King James the expenses of, 220.

respecting the charge against him, Clifton, Lord, his committal for threat- see extract from the journals of the

ening Bacon's life, 241; Bacon's house of lords, 346. intercession for, see his letters to Confession of Bacon to the lords, anBuckingham, note (b), 241.

swering the charges against him, Cogitata et visa, a detached part of 359.

the Novum Organum, 148 ; Sir T. Constable, Sir J., Bacon's letter to, Bodley's opinion upon, 148.

dedicating the Essays to him, see Coke, Sir Edward, Bacon's quarrel

note, 153. with, see note, 143 ; Bacon's letter Constituent instances, or separation of to, upon the same subject, 143, 144; complex into simple in the search his unfairness to Bacon, 145; Ba- after a nature, 292. con's reproof to, 145; his bitter Contemplation and action, Bacon's temper, and ill treatment of pri- favourite theory upon the wisdom soners, 145 ;- see note (a), 155, and of the union of, 61, 137. note (c), 156, viz. of Sir W. Ra. Contemplation, love of, extract from leigh and Mrs. Turner ; his distaste Seneca upon the advantages and to philosophy, 147, see Novum Or. comparative utility of, 193; the ganum ; Bacon's private conference union of, with action incompatible with, by order of the King, upon with either the pursuits of the phithe law of Peacham's case, 171; losopher or politician, 194. his objection to a private conference Controversies of the church, Bacon's removed by Bacon, 172; his warmth tract upon, 141. and haughtiness upon the dispute Copulation, of the divisions of the art between the Courts of King's Bench of experimenting, 265. and Chancery, 186 ; King James's Counsel, the absurd identification of, severe remarks

his witty

with his client, 53 ; the duty of a and high-minded remark upon the judge to, 254. subject of church patronage, note, Court, the division of, during the reign 199; his disgrace by Buckingham, of Elizabeth, into the Leicester and in consequence of refusing his alli- Cecil party, 25; its pedantry and ance, 219; his application to be contempt for literature, 25. restored to favour, and agreement to Court of Chancery.--See Chancery.

Buckingham's marriage, 219. Court of King's Bench.-See King's Coke, Sir Anthony, Bacon's father-in- Bench. law, 1.

Court of Chancery and Court of Coleridge, his opinions upon the tem- King's Bench, dispute between,

perament of genius, and its adap- respecting the jurisdiction of the tability for contemplation rather than former, 186. action, note (b), 195.

Courts of justice, the wise constitution College, Trinity, Bacon's admission of, 62.

to, see Cambridge, 5; his magnifi- Credulity, hasty generalization the cent plan of a, 13, 14, 15.

parent of, 273. Colours of Good and Evil, Bacon's Cromwell, his taunt of Sir M. Hale

first work, published with the small and his humble reply, 155. 12mo. edition of Essays and Sacred Crucial instances, 294. Meditations, 35.

Custom, short extract from Bacon's Committees to consider abuses, Bacon

essay upon, 36. sat upon twenty-nine, 107 ; for the Customs, the gradual change of, and reform of abuses, 307.

the folly of, hasty censures of, acts Compactness and union, a requisite in obedience to, 173, 174.

to the greatness of a state, 116. Cyphers, Bacon's work upon, 17.

186 ;

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