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CONTENTS.

PAGE.

Some Newfangle Notions. By a Woman of Newfangle . . . 80

Spencer's · Data of Ethics. By A. W. Gundry . . . . 646
Toots, a Canadian Idyll. By Wm. Wedd.

. 572

Under One Roof. By James Payn . . 93, 146, 306, 421, 536, 627

Winnipegoosis. By W. F. Munro . . . . . . . 473

Woman as a Nurse. By Mrs. Francis Rye

164
Woman Question, Some Last Words on the. By Our Old Friend of

Newfangle . .
Woman Question, A Brief Summing-up on the. By a Non-Resident
of Newfangle . .

. . . . . . 620

529

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ROSE-BELFORD'S CANADIAN MONTHLY

AND NATIONAL REVIEW.

JULY, 1879.

THE NORTHERN LAKES OF CANADA.

no emancipate one1 self, at intervals, from the toils of business, to determine to turn one's back upon the depressing influences of routine occupation, is now happily a recognised necessity. Quitting commercial and industrial centres and hieing off to give a fillip to the mind by a few weeks' recreation amid nature's solitudes is, moreover, a wise and laudable act, the mental and physical refreshment of which is well-nigh incalculable. Of places of desirable resort there are many in Canada to which the wearied and over-worked business or professional man may hasten to take a bain de vie, and to reinvigorate his system, in a period of

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repose, by the restorative influences , ing character of the villages in the of a change of scene. Few of these line of Yonge Street is hardly seen, as resorts possess greater attractions the railway runs rather wide of them. than the Upper Lakes of Canada, There is a constant ascent for about in the bracing and invigorating at twenty-five miles, where we reach the mosphere of which almost every watershed, the streams north and essential will be found for the recu south of it flowing into Simcoe and peration of exhausted strength, or for Ontario respectively. Passing the the delight and entertainment of ro pleasant little villages of Richmond bust vigour. In the following paper Hill, Aurora, Newmarket, and the we design to give a brief itinerary of town of Bradford, we arrive at Barrie, the points of interest in a trip from the county town of Simcoe, which is Toronto to the head of Lake Superior, delightfully situated on Kempenfeldt to be followed at a future time by Bay, an inlet of Lake Simcoe. From similar notes of travel in other parts of Barrie, a branch of the Northern Railthe Dominion. The reader will find way extends along the shore of Lake no incidents to interest him in the Simcoe to Orillia, on Lake Couchitour, but simply a guide-book record ching; from whence, winding round of the places successively met with en the southern end of the lake, it proroule, with such information regard jects itself into the Muskoka district, ing them as may be useful, and as and after reaching Severn Falls, the may tend to the enlightenment of next point on the route, terminates at those who are ignorant of what is to Gravenhurst, at the foot of Muskoka be seen in the region described. The Lake, and the key to the labyrinth of trip, which occupies going and re waters which lie to the northward. turning from eight to ten days, is, to Here the tourist would doubtless fain our mind, the most delightful the arrest our steps, and bid us seek our traveller will find in Western Canada. holiday amid the wealth of pictuIt divides public favour with the resque islands and the charmingly vasteam-boat voyage down the St. Law ried coast lines that everywhere meet rence, to which many tourists unhesi the eye in this delightful haunt of tatingly prefer it. The bracing air, Nature. But for the present, turning the grandeur and beauty of the ever our back on the attractions of this changing scenery, and the tranquillity region, a specimen illustration of the with which the absence of all hurry, scenery of which embellishes the first bustle, or care infuses into the soul, page of this paper, let us resume, at are worth all the physic compounded Barrie, our journey northward, and by all the apothecaries.

conduct the reader over the intervenOur present excursion will lead us ing ground between the latter place by the Northern Railway of Canada, and Collingwood. Passing along the the oldest of the Toronto lines, to Col line between these points there is nolingwood, situate on Nottawasaga thing that calls for particular attenBay, the point of embarkation for the tion. The railway has done great tour before us. The Northern road things for North Simcoe ; villages are traverses the neck of land between springing up on both sides of the line, Lakes Ontarioand Huron, and covers a the wilderness has been subdued, and distance of some ninety-five miles from agriculture and manufactures are Toronto to Collingwood; thence it making rapid progress. Collingwood, branches off along the shores of Notta which is supposed to have derived its wasaga Bay to Meaford, about twenty name from the great admiral, is situfive miles furtheron. On leaving Toron ated, as we have already said, on Notto, the road passes through the old set tawasaga Bay, or the Hen and Chicktled county of York; but the thriv. / ens Harbour, as it used to be called, from a group of small islands of that | Papoose Islands lying to the northname a short distance from shore. The east, and the Fox Islands further Indian name is said to mean “Mo inland, we at length come upon hawk river,” and is still applied to the the Great Manitoulin, and sight stream which enters the bay at this a light-house on the rocks, appapoint. The town is not yet thirty rently out of reach by water. Beyears old, and certainly is still far hind it rise, like petrified sea-billows, from being an attractive place. The immense waves of granite of the greater part of the dwellings are sim Huronian formation. Still further in ply lumberers' shanties, and the prin the rear lie the La Cloche Mountains, cipal branches of its trade are lumber ranging from 1,000 to 2,000 feet in and fish, both of which are carried on height and stretching along the whole on a very extensive scale, although northern shore. The whole coast from they scarcely afford much novelty to this point to the Sault Sainte Marie is the Canadian tourist. Collingwood, full of craggy headlands, and rugged however, possesses considerable im- indentations and inlets. The channel portance from its shipping connection is studded with innumerable islands and trade with Chicago and other ports of all sizes, forms, and degrees of eleon Lake Michigan, in addition to its vation. There are said to be 3,600 direct trade with the various min of them between the points we have ing and other settlements on Lake mentioned, and 23,000 altogether from Superior, and with those nearer home Parry Sound to Fort William, on Lake on the Georgian Bay. Communica Superior. On reaching the narrow tion with these ports in the vicinity coast of which we have spoken, we affords the opportunity of short excur find there is a narrow passage—narsions, which have become very popu row, but deep and safe. The Indians lar, to those who cannot spare the call it Shebawanabning, that is to say, time for the round trip to the Upper “ here is a channel.” Into the inlet Lake. Steamers will here be found we glide, with the high rocks of the communicating with Penetanguishene, island on the one hand, and the heavy Byng Inlet, Manitoulin Island, and Par masses of the La Cloche Mountains on ry Sound, and they enable the tourist the other, to find a very quiet little to see, on a small scale, the beautiful settlement called Killarney. This is and romantic scenery which forms the a little fishing-place, not very interestcharm of the longer excursion we are ing in itself—a quiet nook in the rocks, about to describe. From Parry Sound like some kindred spots, it is said, in the visitor can pass by stage to the old Normandy and Brittany. The head of Lake Rosseau, and thence by Indians flock about on the arrival of steamer through the Muskoka Lakes the steamer with their little curiosito Gravenhurst, and then by way of Orillia and Lake Simcoe, return to Toronto.

But to resume our journey, we board the steamer at Collingwood, which after setting out, and calling at Meaford and Owen Sound—the latter place being the northern terminus of the Toronto, Grey & Bruce Railway - heads nor’-nor' west, and traverses the entire length of the Georgian Bay. Having passed Lonely Island, with Squaw and

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STEAMERS AT OWEN SOUND.

ties, which may be obtained here per- ) scale in music may be produced. Here haps at better advantage than else the visitor may meet with a few worwhere. Baskets, boxes, and other thy successors of the early Roman trifles made of scented grass, birch Catholic Missionaries, who suffered bark-work in fans, canoes, etc., with and died for Christianity; and whether their trimming of coloured straw and Protestant or Catholic, he will not be beads of porcupine quills stained and disappointed with a short interview arranged with the rustic taste of the with the Fathers on Manitoulin Island. squaw, are the articles eagerly vended. They have nearly a thousand Indian From Killarney we pass into a lovely converts, and boast of a stone church bay studded with islands as the firma and regular service. There is also a ment is fretted with stars. On the convent with eight or ten Sisters. right rise the sterile mountains of La Passing Spanish River, a post-office Cloche; on the left is the Great Mani. station on the Algoma side or maintoulin-the abode, in the Indian my. land, and Lauzon's Mill, with its huge thology, of Manitou, the Great Spirit. pile of timber ready for shipment, we Everywhere are the evidences of geo arrive at the end of the first stage logical convulsion, during the reign of our journey, the Bruce Mines, the of fire, earthquake, and volcano. Yet village of which is the great depôt of the islands have gathered soil to cover the mining district of the neighbourtheir gaunt bones of rock, and stand hood. These famous copper mines are out like emeralds upon the glassy sur situated at the north-west angle of face of the channel. The endless Lake Huron, not far from the mouth variety of these islands is absolutely of the St. Mary River, the outlet of enchanting. To one who has never Lake Superior. The copper found visited them, the constant change of here occurs in the form of the yellow scene, the play of nature, infinite in sulphuret, running in veins through her resources, can scarcely be concei | the quartz rock. In the Wellington ved. Between the bit of angular rock mines, which are the most producjust emerging from the surface, and tive, some ten or twelve shafts have the large islands of many thousands of been sunk, and the yield is exacres, there is an infinite series. Some tremely good. The village of Bruce are barren or clad only with moss ; Mines is opposite the lower end of St. others bright with the freshest verdure; Joseph's Island, seven miles off, a on some the warmly-tinted foliage of beautifully wooded and picturesque the Canadian maple, the birch, and the spot. The island is twenty miles long pine, throw an air of cheerfulness even by fifteen wide, and is well worth a on the rocks of the main shore. Our visit if the tourist stops at the Mines. next landing-place, about twenty-five Coasting along between St. Joseph's miles west of Killarney, is Little Cur- | Island and the mainland, over a fine rent. It is not quite so dull as Kil inlet from the lake, with the usual comlarney, for it occupies a commanding plement of islets, and leaving Campeposition on the Great Manitoulin. ment d'Ours to our left, we pass The channel here is narrow, and the through a rather difficult channel current runs at the rate of between called the Narrows, surrounded by four and five miles an hour. Oppo barren islands. About ten miles west site Little Current is La Cloche Island of this we reach St. Mary's River. proper. The name is said to be de- This rapid and broken current is at rived from the fact that a peculiar once the outlet of Lake Superior, and kind of stone is found there, which, the boundary line between Canada and when struck, gives a sound like a bell. the United States. At present, howIt is even hinted that, by a proper ar- ever, the course is smooth and plearangement of stones, the notes of the ' sant. The La Cloche Mountains have

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