sion of Christianity. But if the word, water, in the place under consideration, must be understood of elementary, and not spiritual water, will it not follow then, that baptism with elementary water is absolutely necessary to salvation, and that they who

die without it do unavoidably perish? A consequence full of

horror and uncharitableness. But, blessed be the name of the Lord, it is as untrue, as it is horrid and uncharitable; for salvation is not tied to any outward rites or ceremonies, but to faith and obedience: God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him, should not perish, but have everlasting life.' John, iii. 16. 'He that believeth on the Son, hath everlasting life,' verse 36, 'and shall not come into condemnation, but is passed from death to life.' John, v. 24. This is his commandment, that we should believe on the name of his Son Jesus Christ, and love one another, as he gave us commandment. And he that keepeth his commandments, dwelleth in him, and he in him.' 1 John, iii. 23, 24. Christ is the author of eternal salvation, unto all them that obey him. Heb. v. 9. In every nation he that feareth him, and worketh righteousness, is accepted with him.' Acts, x. 35. This is infallibly certain, He that doth righteousness, is righteous,' 1 John, iii. 7, and he that is righteous, shall go into life eternal, Matt. xxv. 46. As the gospel-dispensation hath put a full end to the Jewish ritual, so it hath not authorized another. The law of figures and shadows was given by Moses, but grace and truth is come by Jesus Christ. It is the new creature that is the Christian, and not the old man, dressed up with a new profession. Now, a fair outside is nothing worth, where purity of the inside is wanting. The water dispensation hath had its time and period, and now no baptism avails any thing, but that of the Holy Ghost. This alone is saving; for whosoever is baptized there with, and abideth therein, shall certainly enter into the kingdom of God."

In the year 1703, he published a sheet, entitled "Carmen Spirituale; or Christian Counsel to Youth:" which was reprinted in octavo, 1707, and a third edition of the same in 1716.

He also wrote this year, "An Instructive and Invitatory Postscript (to Daniel Philips's Vindicia

Veritatis) To John Stillingfleet's honest Neighbours, that may be enquiring after pure and primitive Christianity."

To which were added, First, The Judgment of Judge Hale, concerning the Quakers, and their Doctrines and Practices; Secondly, the Confession of a nameless Author, touching the Quakers, their Principles and Conversation. Thirdly, Dr. John Edwards's Testimony concerning the Quakers, their Sobriety, Gravity, &c. Fourthly, Some Passages quoted out of the aforesaid Judge Hale, concerning the Episcopal Clergy, and concerning some of those Motives, that excite them to maintain their human Institutions.

Among his manuscripts written this year, 1703, is found a paper of pious instructions, penned for the use of his own daughter, then dwelling with her aunt at Burlingham in Worcestershire, which we here transcribe for the good of others, especially of our youth.

"God is a Spirit, and they that worship him, must worship him in spirit and in truth.' John, iv. 24. Spiritual worship, and none other, is acceptable to him. And therefore, that thou mayst worship him in spirit and in truth, turn thy mind inward to the light and Spirit of Christ in thy own heart, and wait in silence of thy own thoughts, reasonings, and words, that the Lord may prepare thy heart, and provide himself a sacrifice.

"Keep low and humble at all times, in all places, and in all companies, waiting upon thy heavenly teacher, Christ Jesus, to hear his voice, and to be taught and instructed by him, who will draw nigh unto thee, as thou drawest near unto him, and will guide thee with his counsel, as thou givest up in obedience to him: "The meek will he guide in judgment, and the meek will he teach his way.' Psal. xxv. 9.

"Be frequent in self-examination; and as thou findest any thing in thee that is offensive to the Lord, cry unto him to take

it away, and to strengthen thee against it and all evil for the time to come.

"Be always upon thy watch, lest the enemy get an advantage over thee, and draw thy mind out to the lust of the flesh, the lust of the eye, and the pride of life.

"Do not neglect any thing that truth commands, nor count any thing little that truth forbids; but have a diligent regard to all its requirings.

"If others should take more liberty than the truth allows, do thou neither imitate such, nor have society with them. Bad examples and bad company are very dangerous; and therefore avoid them, as thou wouldst do an infection. Have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness; but walk in the light of the Lamb continually; so thou shalt be a witness of his work, which is to take away the sin of the world.

"Be faithful to what the Lord hath made known unto thee; and as thou art faithful in a little, he will make thee ruler over much. He hath given thee the manifestation of his Spirit to profit withal; O be not slothful, and neglect, but give diligence, that thy profiting may appear.

"Learn and practice the lesson of self-denial, and take up thy daily cross to the world, and every thing that is evil in it. The cross is the way to the crown. Thou mayst meet with scoffs and jeers, with revilings and reproaches, for the truth's sake; but when thou art reviled, revile not again; when thou art reproached, bear it patiently, and commit thyself to him who judgeth righteously. If ye be reproached,' saith Peter, 'for the name of Christ; happy are ye; for the spirit of glory, and of God, resteth upon you,' I Pet iv. 14. Again, 'If any suffer as a Christian,' (that is, upon the account of Christ, and his blessed truth,) 'let him not be ashamed, but glorify God on this behalf. v. 16.

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"Blessed are ye,' saith Christ, when men shall revile you, and persecute you, and shall say all manner of evil against you, falsely, for my sake; rejoice, and be exceeding glad, for great is your reward in heaven; for so persecuted they the prophets that were before you.' Matt. v. 11, 12.

"Choose for thy companions such as excel in piety and virtue.

"Mind not the outward adorning of the world; but the inward adorning, the hidden man of the heart, in that which is not

corruptible, even the ornament of a meek and quiet spirit, which is in the sight of God of great price; for so the holy women in old time, who trusted in God, adorned themselves.

"Be friendly and courteous toward all, and particularly toward thy uncle and aunt; and bear, if any thing seem hard, at any time.

"Be no teller of tales, nor busy-body in other folk's matters; cause no strife, or discord; nor render evil for evil, or railing for railing.

"Disclose not a secret, nor lay open the faults of others. Keep thyself as much as is possible to thyself.

"Be affable, not open; be courteous, not fond, or foolish; be as wise as a serpent, and innocent as a dove. Watch, pray, and patiently continue in well-doing; and perfect peace will be thy portion here, and eternal glory thy crown hereafter."

"5th of the Eighth Month, 1703."

About the time called Michaelmas, 1703, he laid down his school at Barking, having first given timely notice to the parents and guardians of the children under his care, that they might otherwise provide for their future education.

He dwelt after this, two or three years longer at Barking, employing all the time he had to spare from his necessary temporal affairs, to the service of truth and Friends, both by preaching and writing; and during this discontinuance of his school, he wrote his " Melius Inquirendum," in answer to Edward Cockson, a priest of Oxfordshire. Its publication we shall give a further account of in the year 1706.

On the 19th of the Third Month, 1704, John Love, jun. had a meeting at Barking, in the evening; and the next day preached through the streets of that town, Richard Claridge accompanying him: his words were these, "O repent, people, repent, and turn to the Lord, while the day of his great mercy is continued unto you." He met with no

opposition, but the people were all quiet and peaceable.

Then he came to the market-place, and stood upon an horse-block hard by, and preached to the people repentance more largely, and exhorted them to believe in Christ, the true light, the Saviour of the world. The people were generally sober and attentive, and some broken.. But, one Richard Morriss, a tallow-chandler in Whitechapel, who formerly had walked among Friends, but was for his evil life and conversation disowned, made opposition; bid him come down; and called Richard Claridge Jesuit, and other opprobrious names, who made him no reply, but committed his cause to God, who judgeth righteously. John Love was enabled to go on with his testimony, and the Lord chained that wicked and gainsaying spirit, by which Richard Morriss was acted; and notwithstanding his bitter and envious opposition, three several times, the meeting was carried on without any stop, and he was bound to cease his railing, and be quiet.

Some of the people reproved Richard Morriss, and commanded him to let John Love alone, and to be gone. When John Love had finished his testimony, some of the people confessed to the truth of it. And on the morrow, being the 21st of the Third Month, and Barking three weeks' meeting, many people came to it; and John Love had a large and living testimony, which fastened upon the people.

In the Fourth Month, this year, Richard Claridge travelled into the remoter parts of Essex, and some parts of Suffolk; was at the Yearly Meeting at Colchester, on the 18th, 19th, and 21st of that month; and had a meeting, together with Samuel

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