The Oxford Classical Dictionary
'offers not only that breakfast for the mind we keep hearing about, but lunch, tea, dinner, supper and non-stop snacks...offers a cornucopia of accurate and succinct knowledge that would be hard to equal' (Peter Green, Washington Times about the third edition). For over sixty years, The Oxford Classical Dictionary has been the unrivalled one-volume reference in the field of classics. Now completely revised and updated to include the very latest research findings, developments, and publications, this highly acclaimed reference work will be the most up-to-date and comprehensive dictionary available on all aspects of the classical era. In over 6,700 entries written by the very best of classical scholars from around the world, the Dictionary provides coverage of Greek and Roman history, literature, myth, religion, linguistics, philosophy, law, science, art, archaeology, near eastern studies, and late antiquity. New entries supplement the existing material, including entries on topics such as Adrasteia, Latin anthologies, Jewish art, ancient religious beliefs, emotions, film, gender, kinship, and many more. Other specific developments include an added focus on two new areas: 'anthropology ' and 'reception'. All entries are written in an accessible style and all Latin and Greek words have been translated to ensure ease of use. Under the editorship of Simon Hornblower, Antony Spawforth, and Esther Eidinow, a huge range of contributors have revised and updated the text, which has made an already outstanding work even better. The Dictionary covers: 1) politics, government, economy - from political figures to political systems, terms and practices, histories of major states and empires, economic theory, agriculture, artisans and industry, trade and markets 2) religion and mythology - deities and mythological creatures, beliefs and rituals, sanctuaries and sacred buildings, astrology 3) law and philosophy - from biographies of lawgivers and lawyers to legal terms and procedures, from major and minor philosophers to philosophical schools, terms, and concepts 4) science and geography - scientists and specific theory and practice, doctors and medicine, climate and landscape, natural disasters, regions and islands, cities and settlements, communications 5) languages, literature, art, and architecture - languages and dialects, writers and literary terms and genres, orators and rhetorical theory and practice, drama and performance, art, painters and sculptors, architects, buildings and materials 6) archaeology and historical writing - amphorae and pottery, shipwrecks and cemeteries, historians, and Greek and Roman historiography 7) military history - generals, arms and armour, famous battles, attitudes to warfare 8) social history, sex, and gender - women and the family, kinship, peasants and slaves, attitudes to sexuality
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List of New and Replacement Entries
Note to Readers
The Oxford Classical Dictionary
1st cent 2nd cent 2nd edn 3rd cent 4th cent Aemilius Aeschines Aeschylus Alamanni Alexander Alexandria ancient animals ANRW Antiochus antiquity Antony Apollo Apollonius archaeological Archaic Aristotle Aristotle’s army Artemis Athenian Athens attested Attic Augustus Aurelius became Boeotia bronze c.AD Caesar Callimachus Cappadocia centre Christian Cicero Classical Claudius comm Commentary consul cult culture daughter death defeated early east Egypt emperor empire excavations FGrH fragments Gaius Gaul Greece Greek Hadrian Hellenistic Heracles Herodotus Hesiod History Homer IACP imperial important inscriptions Italy Iulius king late later Latin LIMC literary Livy Macedon Macedonian Marcus military origin papyrus Paus Pergamum perhaps period Persian philosophical PIR2 Plato Plut poems poet poetry political praetor probably province Ptolemy rhetoric Roman Rome sanctuary Seleucid senate Sparta Strabo Studies survive temple texts Thebes Thuc tion tradition trans treatise vols writing Zeus