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antiquity and curiosity, are shown in the neighbouring owner were still in the act of being solemnized. It churchyard. *
bore no emblem of the deceased's birth or quality, for: When Cour-de-Lion and his retinue approached armorial bearings were then a novelty among the this rude yet stately building, it was not, as at present, Norman chivalry themselves, and were totally unsurrounded by external fortifications. The Saxon known to the Saxons. But above the gate was architect had exhausted his art in rendering the main another banner, on which the figure of a white horse, keep defensible, and there was no other circumvalla- rudely painted, indicated the nation and rank of the tion than a rude barrier of palisades.
deceased, by the well-known symbol of Hengist and A huge black banner, which Aoated from the top his Saxon warriors. of the tower, announced that the obseqnies of the late All around the castle was a scene of busy coin
• When I last saw this interesting ruin of ancient days, one Following some such principle, I am inclined to regard the of the very few remaining examples of Saxon fortification, 1 singular Castle of Coningsburgh-i mean the Saxon part of itwas strongly impressed with the desire of tracing out a sort of as a step in advance from the rude architecture, if it deserve theory on the subject, which, from some recent acquaintance the name, which must bave been common to the Saxons as to with the architecture of the ancient Scandinavians, seemed to other Northmen. The builders had attained the art of using me peculiarly interesting. I was, however, obliged by circum- cement, and of roofing a building, - great improvements on the stances to proceed on my journey, without leisure to take more original burgh. But in the round keep, a share only seen in than a transient view of Coningsburgh. Yet the idea dwells so the most ancient castles-the chambers excavated in the thick, strongly in my mind, that I feel cousiderably tempted to write ness of the walls and buttresses-the difficulty by which access a page or two in detailing at least the outline of my hypothesis, is gained from one story to those above it, Coningsburgh still leaving better antiquaries to correct or refute conclusions which retains the simplicity of its origin, and shows by what slow are perhaps too hastily drawn.
degrees man proceeded from occupying such rude and inconveThose who have visited the Zetland Islands, are familiar with nient lodgings, as were afforded by the galleries of the Castle the description of castles called by the inhabitants Burghis; and of Mousa, to the more splendid accommodations of the Norman by the Highlanders--for they are also to be found both in the castles, with all their stern and Gothic graces. Western Isles and on the mainland-Duns. Pennant has en- I am ignorant if these remarks are new, or if they will be graved a view of the famous Dun-Dornadilla in Glenelg; and confirmed by closer examination ; but I think, that, on a hasty there are many others, all of them built after a peculiar mode of observation, Coningsburgh offers means of curious study to architecture, which argues a people in the most primitive state those who may wish to trace the history of architecture back of society. "The most perfect specimen is that upon the island to the times preceding the Norman Conquest. of Mousa, near to the mainland of Zetland, which is probably It would be highly desirable that a cork model should be in the same state as when inhabited.
taken of the Castle of Mousa, as it cannot be well understood It is a single round tower, the wall curving in slightly, and by a plan. then turning outward again in the form of a dice-box, so that the defenders on the top might the better protect the base. It The Castle of Coningsburgh is thus described :is formed of rough stones, selected with care, and laid in courses or circles, with much compactness, but without cement of any "The castle is large, the outer walls standing on a pleasant kind. The tower has never, to appearance, had roofing of any ascent from the river, but much overtopt by a high hill, on Bort; a fire was made in the centre of the space wluch it en which the town stands, situated at the bead of a rich and mag. closes, and originally the building was probably little more than nificent vale, forined by an amphitheatre of woody hills, in a wall drawn as a sort of screen around the great council fire of which flows the gentle Don. Near the castle is a barrow, said the tribe. But, although the means or ingenuity of the builders to be Hengist's tomb. The entrance is flanked to the left by a did not extend so far as to provide a roof, they supplied the round tower, with a sloping base, and there are several similar want by constructing apartments in the interior of the walls of in the outer wall; the entrance las piers of a gate, and on the the tower itself. T. avallation forined a double enclo. east side the ditch and bank are double and very steep. On the sure, the inner side of wnicli was, in fact, two feet or three feet top of the churchyard wall is a tomhstone, on which are cut in distan: from the other, and connected by a concentric range of high relief, two ravens, or such-like birds. On the south side of long, flat stones, thus forming a series of concentric rings or the churchyard lies un ancient stone, ridged like a coffin, on stories of various heights, rising to the top of the tower. Each which is carved a man on horseback ; and another man with a of these stories or galleries has four windows, facing directly to shield encountering a vast winged serpent, and a man bearing a the points of the compass, and rising of course regularly above shield behind him. It was probably one of the rude crosses not each other. These four perpendicular ranges or windows ad. uncommon in churchyards in this county. The name of Conmitted air, and, the fire being kindled, heat, or smoke at least, ingsburgh, by which this castle goes in the old editions of the to each of the galleries. The access from gallery to gallery in Britannia, would lead me to suppoee it the residence of the equally primitive. A path, on the principle of an inclined plane, Saxon kings. It afterwards belonged to King Harold. The turns round and round the building like a screw, and gives ac Conqueror bestowed it on William de Warren, with all its privi. cess to the different stories, intersecting each of them in its turn, leges and jurisdiction, which are said to have extended over and thus gradually rising to the top of the wall of the tower. twenty-eight towns. At the comer of the area, whici is of an On the outside there are no windows ; and I may add, that an irregular form, stands the great tower, or keep, placed on a enclosure of a square or sometimes a round forin, gave the in small hill of its own dimensions, on which lie six vast project. habitants of the Burgh an opportunity to secure any sheep or ing buttresses, ascending in a steep direction to prop and sup cattle which they might possess.
port the building, and continued upwards up the side as lurrels Such is the general architecture of that very early period The tower within forms a complete circle, twenty-one feet is when the Northmen swept the seas, and brought to their rude diameter, the walls fourteen feet thick. The ascent into the houses, such as I have described them, the plunder of polished tower is by an exceeding deep flight of steep steps, four foet and nations. In Zetland there are several scores of these Burghs, a half wide, on the south side leading to a low doorway, over occupying in every case, capes, headlands, islets, and similar which is a circular arch crossed by a great transom stune places of advantage singularly well chosen. I remember the Within this door is the staircase which ascends straight through remains of one upon an island in a small lake near Lorwick, the thickness of the wall, not communicating with the room on which at high tide communicates with the sea, the access to the first floor, in whose centre is the opening to the dungeon. which is very ingenious, by means of a causeway or dike, about Neither of these lower rooms is lighted except from a hole in the three or four inches der the surface of water. This cause. floor the third story; the room in which, as well as in lat way makes a sharp angle in its approach to the Burgh. The above it, is finished with compact smooth stonework, both har: inhabitants, doubtless, were well acquainted with this, but ing chimney pieces, with an arch resting on triple clustered strangers, who might approach in a hostile manner, and were pillars. In the third story, or guard-chamber, is a small recess ignorant of the curve of the causeway, would probably plungo with a loophole, probably a bedchamber, and in that foor above into the lake, which is six or seven feet in depth at the least. a niche for a saint or holy water pot. Mr. King imagines this a This must have been the device of some Vauban or Cohorn of Saxon castle of the first ages of the Heptarchy. Mr. Watson those early times.
thus describes it. From the first floor to the second story, (third The style of these buildings evinces that the architect pos. from the ground.) is a way by a stair in the wall five feet wide. sessed neither the art of using lime or cement of any kind, nor The next staircase is approached by a ladder, and ends at the the skill to throw an arch, construct a roof, or erect a stair; and fourth story from the ground. Two yards from the door, at yet, with all this ignorance, showed great ingenuity in selecting the head of this stair, is an opening nearly cast, accessible by the situation of Burghe, and regulating the access to them, as treading on the ledge of the wall, which diminishes eight inches well as neatness and regularity in the erection, since the build. each story; and this last opening leads into a room or chapel ings themselves show a style of advance in the arts scarcely ten feet by twelve, and fiftorn or sixteen higli, arched with free. consistent with the ignorance of so many of the principal stone, and supported by small circular columns of the same, thi branches of architectural knowledge.
capitals and arches Saxon. It has an east window, and on each I have always thought, that one of the most curious and valua side in the wall, about four feet from the ground, a stone basin. ble objects of antiquaries has been to trace the progress of with a hole and iron pipe to convey the water into or through society, by the efforts made in early ages to improve the rude- the wall. This chapel is one of the Suttresses, but no sign or it ness of their first expedients, until they either approach excel without, for even the window, though large within, is only a lence, or, as is most frequently the case, are supplied by new and long narrow loop-hole, scarcely to be seen without. On the len fundamental discoveries, which supersede both the earlier and side of this chapel is a small oratory, eight by six in the thick. ruder system, and the improvements which have been ingrafted ness of the wall, with a niche in the wall, and enlightened by a upon it. For example, if we conceive the recent discovery of like loop-hole. The fourth stair from the ground, ten feet west gas to be so much improved and adapted to domestic use, as to from the chapel door, leads to the top of the tower through the rupersede all other modes of producing domestic light; we can thickness of the wall, which at top is but three yards. Each already suppose, some centuries afterwards, the heads of a story is about fifteen feet high, so that the lower will be seventy. whole Society of Antiquaries half turned by the discovery of a five feet from the ground. The inside forms a circle, whom pair of patent snuffers, and by the learned theories which would diameter may be about twelve feet. The well at the hotten of be brought forward to account for the form and purpose of so the dungeon is piled with stones."-GOUGH's Edition of Com ungular an implement.
den's Britannia. Second Edition, vol. ii. p. 267.
motivn; for such funeral banquets were times of
CHAPTĚR XLII. general and profuse hospitality, which not only every
I found them winding of Marcello's corpse. one who could claim the most distant connexion with
And there was such a solemn melody, the deceased, but all passengers whatsoever, were "Twixt doleful songs, tears, and sad elegieg,invited to partake. The wealih and consequence of Such as old grandames, watching by the dead, the deceased Athelstane, occasioned this custom to
Are wont to outwear the night with.
Old Play be observed in the fullest extent.
Numerous parties, therefore, were seen ascending The mode of entering the great tower of Conings. and descending the hill on which the castle was burgh Castle is very peculiar, and partakes of the rude situated; and when the King and his attendants simplicity of the early times in which it was erected
. entered ihe open and unguarded gates of the ex- A flight of steps so deep and narrow as to be almost terna, barrier, the space within presented a scene not precipitous, leads up to a low portal in the south side easily reconciled with the cause of the assemblage. of the tower, by which the adventurous antiquary may In one place cooks were toiling to roast huge oxen, still, or at least could a few years since, gain access to and fat shecp; in another, hogsheads of ale were sei a small stair within the thickness of the main wall of abroach, to be drained at the freedom of all comers. the tower, which leads up to the third story of the Groups of every description were to be seen devour- building, --the two lower being dungeons or vaults
, ing the food and swallowing the liquor thus aban- which neither receive air nor light, save by a square doned to their discretion. The naked Saxon serf was hole in the third story, with which they seem to have drowning the sense of his half-year's hunger and communicated by a ladder. The access to the upper thirst, in one day of gluttony and drunkenness-the apartments in the tower, which consist in all of four more pampered burgess and guild-brother was eating stories, is given by stairs which are carried up through his morsel with gust, or curiously criticising the the external buttresses. quantity of the malt and the skill of the brewer. Some By this difficult and complicated entrance, the few of the poorer Norman gentry
might also be seen, good King Richard, followed by his faithful Iyan. distinguished by their shaven chins and short cloaks, hoe, was ushered into the round apartment which and not less so by their keeping together, and looking occupies the whole of the third story from the ground.it with great scorn on the whole solemnity, even while Wilfred by the difficulties of the ascent, gained time condescending to avail themselves of the good cheer to muffle his face in his mantle, as it had been held which was so liberally supplied.
expedient that he should not present himself to his Mendicants were of course assembled by the score, father until the King should give him the signal. together with strolling soldiers returned from Pales There were assembled in this apartment, around a tine, (according to their own account at least,) large oaken table, about a dozen of the most distin pedlars were displaying their wares, travelling me- guished representatives of the Saxon families in the chanics were inquiring after employment, and wander: adjacent counties. These were all old, or, at least, ing, palmers, hedge-priests, Saxon minstrels, and elderly men; for the younger race, to the great disWelsh bards were muttering prayers, and extracting pleasure of the seniors, had, like Ivaplona Wroken mistuned dirges from their harps, crowds, and rotes.* down many of the barriers wluch sepšia One sent forth the praises
of Athelstane in a doleful a century the Norman victors from the vanquisticu panegyric; another, in a Saxon genealogical poem, Saxons. The downcast and sorrowful looks of these rehearsed the uncouth and harsh names of his noble venerable men, their silence and their mournful pos ancestry. Jesters and jugglers were not awanting, ture, formed a strong contrast to the levity of the re nor was the occasion of the assembly supposed to vellers on the outeide of the castle. Their gray locks render the exercise of their profession indecorous or and long full beards, together with their antique tunics improper. Indeed the ideas of the Saxons on these and loose black mantles, suited well with the singular occasions were as natural as they were rude. If and rude apartment in which they were seated, and sorrow was thirsty, there was drink-if hungry, there gave the appearance of a band of ancient worshippers was food-if it sunk down upon and saddened the of Woden, recalled to life to mourn over the decay of heart, here were the means supplied of mirth, or at their national glory. least of amusement. Nor did the assistants scorn to Cedric, seated in equal rank among his countrynien, avail themselves of those means of consolation, seemed yet, by common consent, to act as chief of although, every now and then, as if suddenly the assembly. Upon the entrance of Richard (only recollecting the cause which had brought them known to him as the valorous Knigbt of the Feier together, the men groaned in unison, while the lock) he arose gravely, and gave him welcome by the females, of whom many were present, raised up their ordinary saluration, Waes hael, raising at the same voices and shrieked for very wo.
time a goblet to his head. The King, nu stranger to Such was the scene in the castle-yard at Conings- the customs of his English subjects, returned the burgh when it was entered by Richard and his follow- greeting with the appropriate words, Princ Hael, and ers. The seneschal or steward deigned not to take partook of a cup which was handed to him by the notice of the groups of inferior guests who were sewer. The same courtesy was offered to Ivanhoe perpetually entering and withdrawing, unless so far who pledged his father in silence, supplying the usua. as was necessary to preserve order; nevertheless he speech by an inclination of his head, lest his voice was struck by the good mien of the Monarch and should have been recognised. Ivanhoe, more especially as he imagined the fea When this introductory ceremony was performed, tures of the latter were familiar to him. Besides, Cedric arose, and, extending his hand 10 Richard, the approach of two knights, for such their dress conducted him into a small and very rude chapel
, bespoke them, was a rare event at a Saxon solem- which was excavated, as it were, out of one of the nity, and could not but be regarded as a sort of external buttresses. As there was no opening, saving honour to the deceased and his family. And in his a very narrow loop-hole, the place would have been sable dress, and holding in his hand his white wand nearly quite dark but for two flambeaux or torches, of office, this important personage made way through which showed, by a red and smoky light
arched the miscellaneous assemblage of guests, thus con- roof and naked walls, the rude altar of sione, and the ducting Richard and Ivanhoe to the entrance of the crucifix of the same material. tower. Gurth and Wamba speedily found acquaint Before this altar was placed a bier, and on each ances in the court-yard, nor presumed to intrude side of thiş bier kneeled three priests, who told their themselves anv farther until their presence should be beads, and muttered their prayers, with the greatest renuired
signs of external devotion. For this service a spien
did soul-scat was paid to the convent of Saint Ed• The crowth, or crowd, was a species of violin. The rote a mund's by the mother of the deceased; and, that it wurt of guitar, or rather hurdy-gurdy, the strings of which were might be fully deserved, the whole brethren, saving managed by a wheci, from which the instrument took its the lamc Sacristan, had transferred themselves to
Coningsburgh, where, while six of their omber were
or actions done below.
constant.v on guard in the performance of divine
Through paths unknown
Thy soul hath flown, rites by the bier of Athelstane, the others failed not to
To seek the realms of wo take their share of the refreshments and amusements
Where fiery pain which went on at the castle. In maintaining this
Shall purge the stain pious
watch and ward, the good monks were particularly careful not to iniesrupt their hymns for an in
In that sad place,
By Mary's grace, stant, lest Zernebock, the ancient Saxon Apollyon,
Brief may thy dwelling bei should lay his clutches on the departed Athelstane.
Till prayers and alms, Nor were they less careful to prevent any unhallowed
And holy psalms, layman from touching the pall, which, having been
Shall set the captive free. that used at the funeral of Saint Edmund, was liable While this dirge was sung, in a low and melancholy: to be desecrated, if handled by the profane. If, in tone, by the female choristers, the others were dividca truth, these attentions could be of any use to the de- into two bands, of which one was engaged in bedeckceased, he had some right to expect them at the ing, with such embroidery as their skill and taste could hands of the brethren of Saint Edmund's, since, be compass, a large silken pall, destined to cover the sides a hundred mancuses of gold paid down as the bier of Athelstane, while the others busied themselves soul-ransom, the mother of Athelstane had announced in selecting, from baskets of flowers placed before her intention of endowing that foundation with the them, garlands, which
they intended for the same better part of the lands of the deceased, in order to mournful purpose. The behaviour of the maidens was maintain perpetual prayers for his soul, and that of decorpus, if not marked with deep affliction; but now her departed husband.
and then a whisper or a smile called forth the rebuke Richard and Wilfred followed the Saxon Cedric of the severer matrons, and here and there might be into the apartment of death, where, as their guide seen a damsel more interested in endeavouring to find pointed with solemn air to the untimely bier of Athel- out how her mourning-robe became her, than in the stane, they followed his example in devoutly crossing dismal ceremony for which they were preparing. Neithemselves, and muttering a brief prayer for the wealther was this propensity (if we must needs confess the of the departed soul.
truth) at all diminished by the appearance of two This act of pious charity, performed, Cedric again strange knights, which occasioned some looking up, motioned them to follow him, gliding over the stone peeping, and whispering. Rowena alone, too proud floor with a noiseless tread; and, after ascending a to be vain, paid her greeting to her deliverer with a few steps, opened with great caution the door of a graceful courtesy. Her demeanour was serious, but small oratory, which adjoined to the chapel. It was not dejected ; and it may be doubted whether thoughts about eight feet square, hollowed, like the chapel itself, of Ivanhoe, and of the uncertainty of his fate, did not out of the thickness of the wall; and the loop-hole, claim as great a share in her gravity as the death of which enlightened it, being to the west, and widening her kinsman. considerably as it sloped inward, a beam of the set To Cedric, however, who, as we have observed, ting sụn found its way into its dark recess, and was not remarkably clear-sighted on such occasions, showed a female of a dignified mien, and whose coun- the sorrow of his ward seemed so much deeper than tenance retained the marked remains of majestic any of the other maidens, that he deemed it proper to beauty. Her long mourning robes, and her Bowing whisper the explanation—"She was the affianced wimple of black cypress, enhanced the whiteness of bride of the noble Athelstane."--It may be doubted her skin, and the beauty of her light-coloured and whether this communication went a far way to in- ! flowing tresses, which time had neither thinned nor crease Wilfred's disposition to sympathize with the mingled with silver. Her countenance expressed the mourners of Coningsburgh. deepest sorrow that is consistent with resignation. On Having thus formally introduced the guests to the the stone table before her stood a crucifix of ivory, different chambers in which the obsequies of Athelbeside which was laid a missal, having its pages stane were celebrated under different forms, Cedric richly illuminated, and its boards adorned with clasps conducted them into a small room, destined, as he of gold, and bosses of the same precious metal. informed them, for the exclusive accommodation of
" although it be the will of Heaven that it should be had the fortune to render promised, for the service I
"Noble Edith,” said Cedric, after having stood a honourable guests, whose more slight connexion with moment silent, as if to give Richard and Wilfred time the deceased mỉght render them unwilling to join to look upon the lady of the mansion, "these are worthose who were immediately affected by the unhappy thy strangers, come to take part in thy sorrows. And event. He assured them of every accommodation, this, in especial, is the valiant Knight who fought so and was about lo withdraw when the Black Knight bravely for the deliverance of him for whom we this took his hand. day mourn.
"I crave to remind you noble Thane," he said, "that ; we
me a displayed in vain. I thank, too,, his courtesy, and "It is granted ere named, noble Knight," said Ces' that of his companion, which hath brought them dric; yet, at this sad moment". hither to behold the widow of Adeling, the mother of "Of íhat also," said the King, "I have bethought Athelstane, in her deep hour of sorrow and lamenta- mc-but my time is brief-neither does it seem to me tion. To your care, kind kinsman, I intrust them, unfit, that, when closing the grave on the noble Athelsatisfied that they will want no hospitality which stane, we should deposit therein certain prejudices these sad walls can yet afford."
and hasty opinions." The guests bowed deeply to the mourning parent, “Şir Knight of the Fetterlock," said Cedric, coand withdrew with their hospitable guide.
louring, and interrupting the King in his turn, “I trust Another winding stair conducted them to an apart. your boon regards yourself and no other; for in ment of the same size with that which they had first ihat which concerns the honour of my house, it is entered, occupying indeed the story immediately scarce fitting that a stranger should mingle." above. From this room, ere yet the door was opened, "Nor do I wish to mingle," said the King, mildly, proceeded a low and melancholy strain of vocal mu "unless in so far as you will admit me to have an i. sic. When they entered, they found themselves interest. As yet you have known me but as the Black the presence of about twenty matrons and maidens Knight of the Fetterlock-Know me now as Richard of distinguished Saxon lineage. Four maidens, Ro- Plantagenet." wena leading the choir, raised a hymn for the soul of "Richard of Anjou!" exclaimed Cedric, stepping the deceased, of which we have only been able to de- backward with
the utmost astonishment. cipher two or three stanzas :
"No, noble Cednic-Richard of England !--whose
deepest interest-.whose deepest wish, is to see her Dust unto dust,
sons united with each other.-And, how now, worthy
Thane! hact thou no knee for thy prince?" 'The tenant bath resign'd
"To Norman blood," said Cedric, "it hath never The faded form To waste and worm
bended." i Corruption claima her kind.
"Reserve thine homage then " said the Monarch
To this all must:
"until I shall prove my night to it by my equal protec- what seemed the spectre of his departed friend; ** tion of Normans and English."
thou art mortal, speak!if a departed spirit, say for ‘Prince," answerd Cedric, "I have ever done jus- what cause thou dost revisit us, or if I can do aught tice to thy bravery and thy worth-Nor am I ignorant that can set thy spirit at repose.-Living or dead, of thy claim to the crown through thy descent from noble Athelstane, speak to Cedric!" Matilda, niece to Edgar Atheling, and daughter to "I will." said the spectre, very composedly, "when Malcolm of Scotland. But Matilda, though of the I have collected breath, and when you give me time royal Saxon blood, was not the heir to the monarchy": 1,- Alive, şaidst thou?-I am as much alive as he can
I will not dispute my title with thee, noble Thane," | be who has fed on bred and water for three days, said Richard, calmly; "but I will bid thee look around which seem three ages-Yes, bread and water, Father thee, and see where thou wilt find another to be put Cedric! By Heaven and all saints in it, better into the scale against it."
food hath not passed my weasand for three livelong And hast thou wandered hither, Prince, to tell me days, and by God's providence it is that I am now SO ?" said Cedric-"To upbraid me with the ruin of here to tell it." my race, ere the grave has closed o'er the last scion Why, noble Athelstane," said the Black Knight, of Saxon royalty ?"--His countenance darkened as "I myself saw you struck down by the fierce Temhe spoke.--"It was boldly--it was rashly done!" plar towards the end of the storm at Torquilstone, and
"Not so, by the holy rood!" replied the King; "it as I thought, and Wamba reported, your skull was was done in the frank confidence which one brave cloven through the teeth." man may repose in another, without a shadow of "You thought amiss, Sir Knight," said Athelstane, danger."
"and Wamba lied. My teeth are in good order, and "Thou sayest well, Sir King-for King I own thou that my supper shall presently find-No thanks to the art, and wilt be, despite of my feeble opposition. I Templar though, whose sword turned in his hand, so dare not take the only mode to prevent it, though that the blade struck me flatlings, being averted by thou hast placed the strong temptation within my the handle of the good mace with which I warded the reach !"
blow; had my steel-cap, been on, I had not valued it And now to my boon," said the King, which I a rush, and had dealt him such a counter-buff as ask not with one jot the less confidence, that thou would have spoilt his retreat. But as it was, down hast refused to acknowledge my lawful sovereignty. I went, stunned, indeed, but unwounded. Others, of I require of thee, as a man of thy word, on pain of both sides, were beaten down and slaughtered above being held faithless, man-sworn, and nidering.* to me, so that I never recovered my senses until I found forgive and receive to thy paternal affection the good myself in a coffin (an
open one, by good luck), placed knight, Wilfred of Ivanhoe. In this reconciliation before the altar of the church of Saint Edmund's. thou wilt own I have an interest-the happiness of I sneezed repeatedly--groaned-awakened, and would my friend, and the quelling of dissension among my have arisen, when the Sacristan and Abbot, full of faithful people.”
tetror came running at the noise, surprised, doubtless, And this is Wilfred!" said Cedric, pointing to his and no way pleased to find the man alive, whose
heirs they had proposed themselves to be. I asked "My father !--my father !" said Ivanhoe, prostra- for wine-they gave me some, but it must have been ting himself at Cedric's feet, "grant me thy forgive highly medicated, for I slept yet more deeply than be
fore, and wakened not for many hours. I found my "Thou hast it, my son," said Cedric, raising him up. arms swathed down-my feet tied so fast that mine "The son of Hereward knows how
to keep his word, ankles ache at the very remembrance-the place was even when it has been passed to a Norman. But let utterly dark-the oubliette, as I suppose of their acme see thee use the dress and costume of thy English cursed convent, and from the close, stified damp smell, ancestry-no short cloaks, no gay bonnets, no fantas. I conceive it is also used for a place of sepulture. I had tic plumage in my decent household. He that would strange thoughts of what had befallen me when the be the son of Cedric, must show himself of English door of my dungeon creaked, and two villain monks ancestry.-Thou art about to speak," he added, stern- entered. They would have persuaded me I was in ly, "and I guess the topic. The Lady Rowena must purgatory, but I knew too well the pursy short-breathcomplete two years' mourning, as a betrothed hus-ed
voice of the Father Abbot.-Saint Jeremy! how band-all our Saxon ancestors would disown us were different from that tone with which he used to ask mne we to trcat of a new union for her ere the grave for another slice of the haunch!he dog has feasted of him she should have wedded-him, so much the with me from Christmas to Twelfth-night." most worthy of her hand by birth and ancestry-is "Have patience, noble Athelstane," said the King. I yet closed. The ghost of Athelstane himself would take breath-tell your story at leisure-beshrew me burst his bloody cerements, and stand before us to but such a tale is as well worth listening to as a roforbid such dishonour to his memory."
It seemed as if Cedric's words had raised a spectre; "Ay but, by the rood of Bromeholm, there was no for, scarce had he uttered them ere the door ffrw open, romance in the matter !" said Athelstane.--"A bar and Athelstane, arrayed in the garments of the grave, ley loaf and a pitcher of water-that they gave me stood before them, pale, haggard, and like something the niggardly traitors, whom my father, and I myself arisen from the dead !t
had enriched, when their best resources were the The effect of this apparition on the persons present Ritches of bacon and measures of corn, out of which was utterly appalling. Cedric started back as far as they wheedled poor serfs and bondsmen, in exchange the wall of the apartment would permit, and, leaning for their prayers--the rest of foul ungrateful vipers against it as one unable to support himself, gazed on barley bread and ditch water to such a patron as 1 the figure of his friend with eyes that seemed fixed, had been ! I will smoke them out of their nest, though and a mouth which he appeared incapable of shutting. I be excommunicated!" Ivanhoe crossed himself, repeating prayers in Saxon, " But, in the name of Our Lady, noble Athelstane," Latin, or Norman-French, as they occurred to his said Cedric, grasping the hand of his friend, "how memory, while Richard alternately said Benedicite, didst thou escape this imminent danger?-did their and swore, Mort de ma vie!
hearts relent?" In the mean time, a horrible noise was heard below "Did their hearts relent!" echoed Athelstane.stairs, some crying, " Secure the treacherous monks!" Do rocks melt with the sun ? I should have been -others “Down with them into the dungeon!" there still, had not some stir in the Convent, which I others, "Pitch them from the highest þattlements!" find was their procession hitherward to eat mor fine “In the name of God !" said Cedric, addressing ral feast, when they well knew how and where I had Infamous.
been buried alive, summoned the swarm out of their The resuscitation of Athelstane has been much criticised, as hive. I heard them droning out their death-psaims *astic character. It was a lour-de-Sorce,
to which the author those who were ihus famishing my body. They went, no violent a breach of probability, even for a work of such fan: little judging they were song in respect for my soul br ik friend and printer, who was inconsolable on the Saxon being however, and I waited long for food-no wonder
the vos rd to the tomb.
gouty Sacristan was even too busy with his own pro
vender to mind mine. At length down he came, resume our brave projects of honour and liberty. I with an unstable step and a strong flavour of wine tell thee, never will dawn a morrow so auspicious as and spices about his person. Good cheer had opened the next for the deliverance of the noble Saxon his heart, for he left me a nook of pasty and a flask of race.” wine. instead of my former fare. I ate, drank, and "Talk not to me of delivering any one,” said Athelwas invigorated; when, to add to my good luck, the stane; “it is well I am delivered myself. I am more Sacristan, too totty to discharge his duty of turnkey intent on punishing that villain Abbot. He shall fitly, locked the door beside the staple, so that it fell hang on the top of this castle of Coningsburgh, in his ajar. The light, the food, the wine, set my invention cope and stole; and if the stairs be too strait to admit to work. The staple to which my chains were fixed, his fat carcass, I will have him craned up from withwas more rusted than I or the villain Abbot had sup- out." posed. Even iron could not remain without con * But, my son,” said Edith, "consider his sacred suming in the damps of that infernal dungeon.
"Take breath, noble Athelstane," said Richard, "Consider my three days' fast," replied Athelstane and partake of some refreshment, ere you proceed "I will have their blood every one of them. Frontwith a tale so dreadful.”
de-Beuf was burnt alive for a less matter, for he kept Partake!" quoth Athelstane ; "I have been par- a good table for his prisoners, only put too much garlic taking five times to-day-and yet a morsel of that in his last dish of pottage. But these hypocriticah savoury ham were not altogether foreign to the mat- ungrateful slaves, so often the self-invited flatterers at ter; and I pray you, fair sir, to do me reason in a cup my board, who gave me neither pottage nor garlic, of wine."
more or less, they die, by the soul of Hengist ! The guests, though still agape with astonishment, * But the Pope my noble friend,"-said Cedric pledged their resuscitated landlord, who thus pro "But the devil, my noble friend," -answered Athel. ceeded in his story :-He had indeed now many more stane; "they die, and no more of them. Were they auditors than those to whom it was commenced, for the best monks upon earth, the world would go on Edith, having given certain necessary orders for without them." arranging matters within the Castle, had followed "For shame, noble Athelstane," said Cedric; "for. the dead alive up to the stranger's apartment, at- get such wretches in the career of glory which lies tended by as many of the guests, male and female, as open before thee. Tell this Norman prince, Richard could squeeze into the small room, while others, of Anjou, that, lion-hearted as he is, he shall not hold crowding the staircase, caught up an erroneous edi- undisputed the throne of Alfred, while a male descendtion of the story, and transmitted it still more inaccu- ant of the Holy Confessor lives to dispute it." rately to those beneath, who again sent it forth to the "How !" said Athelstane, is this the noble King vulgar without, in a fashion totally irreconcilable to Richard ?''. the real fact. Athelstane, however, went on as fol “It is Richard Plantagenet himself,” said Cedric;" lows, with the history of his escape :
"yet I need not remind thee that, coming hither a “Finding myself freed from the staple, I dragged guest of free-will, he may neither be injured nor demyself up stairs as well as a man loaded with shack- ained prisoner-thou well knowest thy duty to him as les, and emaciated with fasting, might; and after his host.' much groping, about, I was at length directed, by the Ay, by my faith!” said Athelstane; "and my duty sound of a jolly roundelay, to the apartment where as a subject besides, for I here tender him my allethe worthy Sacristan, an it so please ye, was holding giance, heart and hand." a devil's mass with a huge beetle-browed, broad “My son," said Edith, "think on thy royal rights !! shouldered brother of the gray-frock and cowl, who "Think on the freedom of England, degenerate, looked much more like a thief than a clergyman. 1 Prince !" said Cedric. burst in upon them, and the fashion of my grave "Mother and friend,” said Athelstane, "a trice to clothes, as well as the clanking of my chains, made your upbraidings-bread and water and a dungeon me more resemble an inhabitant of the other world are marvellous mortifiers of ambition, and I rise from than of this. Both stood aghast; but when I knocked the tomb a wiser man than I descended into it. One down the Sacristan with my fist
, the other fellow, half of those vain follies were puffed into mine ear by his pot-companion, fetched a blow at me with a huge that perfidious Abbot Wolfram, and you may now quarter-staff.”
judge if he is a counsellor to be trusted. Since these "Thiş must be our Friar Tuck, for a count's ran- plots were set in agitation, I have had nothing but som,” said Richard, looking at Ivanhoe.
hurried journeys, indigestions, blows and oruises, im“He may be the devil, an he will,” said Athelstane. prisonments and starvation; besides that they can "Fortunately he missed the aim and on my ap: only end in the murder of some thousands of quiet proaching to grapple with him, took to his heels and folk. I tell you, I will be king in my own domains, ran for it. I failed not to set my own heels at liberty by and nowhere else; and my first act of dominion shall means of the fetter.key, which hung amongst others at be to hang the Abbot.” the sexton's belt; and I had thoughts of beating out And my ward Rowena," said Cedric-"I trust the knaye's brains with a bunch of keys, but grati- you intend not to desert her?" tude for the nook of pasty and the flask of wine which "Father Cedric,” said Athelstane, "be reasonable. the rascal had imparted to my captivity, came over The Lady Rowena cares not for me--she loves the my heart; so, with a brace of hearty kicks, I left him little finger of my kinsman Wilfred's glove better than on the floor, pouched some baked meat, and a leathern my whole person. There she stands to avouch it bottle of wine, with which the two venerable brethren Nay, blush not, kinswoman, there is no shame in love had been regaling, went to the stable, and found in a ing a courtly knight better than a country franklin-private stall, mine own best palfrey, which, doubtless, and do not laugh neither, Rowena, for grave-clothes had been set apart for the holy Father Abbot's par- and a thin visage are, God knows, no matter of mer. ticular use. Hither I came with all the speed the riment-Nay, an thou wilt needs laugh, I will find beast could compass--man and mother's son Aying thee a better jest--Give me thy hand, or rather lend it before me wherever I came, taking me for a spectre, me, for I but ask it in the way of friendship.-Here, the more especially as, to prevent my being recognised, cousin Wilfred of Ivanhoe, in thy favour I renounce I drew the corpse-hood over my face. I had not and abjure-Hey! by Saint Dunstan, our cousin gained admittance into my castle, had I not been sup- Wilfred hath vanished !-Yet, unless my eyes are stil. posed to be the attendant of a juggler who is making dazzled with the fasting I have undergone, I saw him the people in the castle-yard very merry, considering stand there but even now." they are assembled to celebrate their lord's funeral All now looked around and inquired for Ivanhoe, I say the sewer thought I was dressed to bear a part but he had vanished. It was at length discovered in the tregetour's mummery, and so I got admission, that a Jew had been to seek him; and that, after very and did but disclose myself to my mother, and eat a brief conference, he had called for Gurth and his hasty morsel, ere I came in quest of you, my noble armour, and had left the castle. friend."
* Fair cousin,” said Athelstane to howena "czule * And you have found me," said Cedric, "ready to li think that this sudden disappearapca of Ivanhoa