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day when less wad' sera him, the oe of a Camp-| ble mother. He proceeded to investigate the circum vere skipper,
slances which had led to Madge Murdock son's (or "(toud woman;" said the magistrate to this shrew- Wildfire's) arrest, and as it was clearly s.own that 'ish supplicant, tell us what it is you want, and do she had not been engaged in the riot, he contented not interrupt the court."
himself with directing that an eye should be kept "That's
as muckle as till say, Bark, Bawtie, and upon her by the police, but that for the present she be dune wi't! - I tell ye," raising her termagant voice, should be allowed to return home with her mother. "I want my bairn! is na that braid Scots?"
During the interval of fetching Madge from the jail, ** Who are you?-who is your bairn ?" demanded the magistrate endeavoured to discover whether her fie magistrate.
mother had been privy to the change of dress betwext * Wha am 17-wha suld I be, but Meg Murdockson, that young woman and Robertson. But on this point and wha suld my bairn be but Magdalen Murdockson? he could obtain no light. She persisted in declaring, -Your guard soldiers, and your constables, and your that she had never seen Robertson since his remarkofficers, ken us weel energh when they rive the bits able escape during
service-time; and that, if her o' duds aff our backs, and take what penny o siller daughter had changed clothes with him, it must have we hae, and harle us to the Correction-house in Leith been during her absence at á hamlet about two miles Wynd, and pettle us up wi' bread and water, and sic- out of town, called Duddingstone, where she could like sunkets.
prove that she passed that eventful night. And, in " Who is she?" said the magistrate, looking round fact, one of the town-officers, who had been searching to some of his people.
for stolen linen at the cottage of a washerwoman in Other than a gude ane, sir," said one of the city- that village, gave his evidence, that he had seen officers, shrugging his shoulders, and smiling. Maggie Murdockson there, whose presence had con
Will ye say sae ?" said the termagant, her eye siderably increased his suspicion of the house in which gleaming with impotent fury; "an I had ye amang she was a visiter, in respect that he considered her as the Frigate-Whins, wadna 1 set my ten talents in a person of no good reputation." your wuzzent face for that very word ?" and she "I tauld ye sae," said the hag; "see now what it suited the word to the action, by spreading out a is to hae a character, gude or bad !-Now, maybe set of claws resembling those of St. George's dragon after a,' I could tell ye something about Porteous that on a country sign-post.
you council-chamber bodies never could find out, for “What does she want here?" said the impatient as muckle stir as ye mak." magistrate—"Can she not tell her business, or go All eyes were turned towards her-all ears were away?"
alert. Speak out !" said the magistrate. "It's my bairn !--it's Magdalen Murdockson I'm "It will be for your ain gude," irisinuated the wantin'," answered the beldame, screaming at the town-clerk. highest pitch of her cracked and mistuned voice "Dinna keep the Bailie waiting," urged the as "havena I been tellin' ye sae this half-hour? And if sistants. ye are deaf, what needs ye sit cockit up there, and She remained doggedly silent for two or three keep folk scraughin' tye this gate ?"
minutes, casting around a malignant and sulky She wants her daughter, sir," said the same glance, that seemed to enjoy the anxious suspense officer whose interference had given the hag such with which they waited her answer. And then she offence before her daughter, who was taken up broke forth at once." A' that I ken about him is, last night-Madge Wildfire, as they ca’ her." that he was neither soldier nor gentleman, but just a
** Madge HELLFIRE, as they ca' her!" echoed the thief and a blackguard, like maist o' yoursells, dears beldame; "and what business has a blackguard like What will ye gie me for that news, now ?--He wad you to ca' an honest woman's bairn out of her ain hae served the gude town lang or provost or bailie name ?"
wad hae fund that out, my joe!!" "An honest woman's bairn, Maggie ?" answered While these matters were in discussion, Madyo the peace-officer, smiling and shaking his head with Wildfire entered, and her first exclamation was, "Eh! an ironical emphasis on the adjective, and a calmness see if there isna our auld ne'er-do-weel deevil's calculated to provoke to madness the furious old buckie o' a mither-Heigh, sirs! but we are a hopetu' shrew.
family, to be twa o' us in the Guard at ance--But "If I am no honest now, I was honest ance," she there were better days wi' us ance---were there na replied; "and that's mair than ye can say, ye born mither ?" and bred thief, that never kend ither folk's gear frae Old Maggie's eyes had glistened with something your ain since the day ye was cleckit
. Honest, say like an expression of pleasure when she saw her ye?-ye pykit your mother's pouch o'rwalpennies daughter set at liberty. But either her natural affecScotch when ye were five years auld, just as she was tion, like that of the tigress, could not be displayed taking leave o your father at the fit of the gallows." 'without a strain of ferocity, or there was something
"She has you there, George," said the assistants, in the ideas which Madge's speech awakened, that and there was a general laugh; for the wit was fitted again stirred her cross and savage temper: "What for the meridian of the place where it was uttered. signifies what we were, ye street-raking limmer!" This general applause somewhat gratified the passions she exclaimed, pushing her daughter before her to of the old hag; the “grim feature" smiled, and even the door, with no gentle degree of violence. "I'se laughed-but it was a laugh of bitter scorn. She tell thee what thou is now-thou's a crazed hellicat condescended, however
, as if appeased by the sureess Bess of Bedlam, that sall taste naething bad bread of her sally, to explain her business more distinctly, and water for a fortnight, to serve ye for the plague when the magistrate, commanding silence, again ye hae gien me-and-ower gude for ye ye idle taupie!" desired her either to speak out her errand, or to leave Madge, however, escaped from her mother at the the place.
door, ran back to the foot of the table, dropped a very Her bairn," she said, was her bairn, and she low and fantastic curtsey to the judge, and said with came to fetch her out of ill haft and waur guiding; a giggling laugh, -"Our minnie's sair mis-set, after If she wasna sae wise as ither folk, few ither folk had her ordinar, sir-She'll hae had some quarrel wi' her suffered as muckle as she had done; forby that she auld gudeman-that's satan, ye ken, sirs. This could fend the waur, for hersell within the four wa's explanatory note she gave in a low confidential tone of a jail. She could prove by fifty witnesses, and and the spectators of that credulous generation aid fifty to that, that her daughter had never seen Jock not hear it without an involuntary shudder. The Porteous, alive or dead, since he had gien her a loạn- gudeman and her disna aye gree weel, and then I dering wi' his cane, the neger that he was! for driving maun pay the piper; but my back's broad eneugh to a dead cat at the provost's wig on the Elector of Ha- bear't 'a'-an' if she hae nae havings, that's me nover's birth-day.
reason why wiser folk shouldna hae some." Hero Notwithstanding the wretched appearance and vio: another deep curtsey when the ungracious voice of lent demeanour of this woman, the magistrate felt her mother was heard. the justice of her argument, that her child might be "Madge, ye limmer! If I come “o fetéb ye !" as dear to her as to a more fortunate and more amia- "Hear till her," said Madge. But 1.), wan ons a Vol. III E
On my bonny gray mare,
gliff the night for a' that to dance in the moonlight; | charter and liberties, for what
were the blue lift on a broom-shank, to see Jean Jap, that resented by many who thought a pretext was too they hae putten intill the Kirkcaldy tolbooth-ay, hastily taken for degrading the ancient metropolis they will hae a merry sail ower Inchkeith, and ower of Scotland. In short, there was much heart-burna' the bits o' bonny waves that are poppling and ing, discontent, and disaffection, occasioned by thes) plashing against the rocks in the gowden glimmer ill-considered measures.* to the moon, ye ken.--I'm coming, mother-I'm Amidst these heats and dissensions, the trial of coming," she concluded, on hearing a scuffle at the Effie Deans, after she had been many weeks impridoor betwixt the beldam and the officers, who were soned, was at length about to be brought forward, endeavouring to prevent her re entrance. Madge and Mr, Middleburgh found leisure to inquire into then waved lier hand wildly towards the ceiling, and the evidence concerning her. For this purpose, he sung, at the topmosi pitch of her voice,
chose a fine day for his walk towards her father's "Up in the air,
The excursion into the country was somewhat
distant in the opinion of a burgess of those days, And with a hop, skip and jump, sprung out of the although many of the present inhabit suburban villas room, as the witches of Macbeth used, in less re- considerably beyond the spot to which we allude. fined days, to seem to fly upwards from the stage. Three quarters of an hour's walk, however, even at a Some weeks intervened before Mr. Middleburgh, pace of magisterial gravity, conducted our
benevolent agreuably to his benevolent resolution, found an op- office-bearer to the Crags of St. Leonard's, and the portunity of taking a walk towards St. Leonard's, humble mansion of David Deans. m order to discover whether it might be possible to The old man was seated on the deas, or turf-sea, obtain the evidence hinted at in the anonymous letter at the end of his cottage, busied in mending his cartrespecting Effie Deans.
harness with his own hands; for in those days any In fact, the anxious perquisitions made to discover sort of labour which required a little more skill than the murderers of Porteous occupied the attention of usual fell to the share of the goodman himself, and all concerned with the administration of justice, that even when he was well to pass in the world. . In the course of these inquiries, two circumstances with stern and austere gravity he persevered in his
happened material to our story. Butler, after a close task, after having just raised his head to notice the ad. investigation of his conduct, was declared innocent vance of the stranger. It would have been impossible of accession to the death of Porteous; but, as having to have discovered, from his countenance and manner, been present during the whole transaction was the internal feelings of agony with which he conobliged to find bail
not to quit his usual residence at tended. Mr. Middleburgh waited an instant, expectLibberton, that he might appear as a witness when ing Deans would in some measure acknowledge his called upon. The other incident regarded the disap- presence, and lead into conversation ; but, as he pearance of Madge Wildfire and her mother from seemed determined to remain silent, he was himself Edinburgh. When they were sought, with the pur- obliged to speak first. pose of subjecting them to somie further interrogato- My name is Middleburgh-Mr. James Middleries, it was discovered by Mr. Sharpitlaw that they burgh, one of the present magistrates of the city of had eluded the observation of the police, and left the Edinburgh. city so soon as dismissed from the council-charnber. "It may be sae," answered Deans laconically, and No efforts could trace the place of their retreat. without interrupting his labour. * In the meanwhile the excessive indignation of the "You must understand," he continued, " that the Council of Regency, at the slight put upon their au- duty of a magistrate is sometimes an unpleasant one. thority by the murder of Porteous, had dictated mea- "It may be sae," replied David; "I hae naething sures, in which their own extreme desire of detecting to say in the contrar;" and he was again doggedly the actors in that conspiracy were consulted, in silent. preference to the temper of the people, and the cha- You must be aware," pursued the magistrate, racter of their churchmen. An act of parliament was "ihat persons in my situation are often obliged to shastily passed, offering two hundred pounds reward make painful and disagreeable inquiries of individuAo those who should inform against any person con- als, merely because it is their bounden duty;" cerned in the deed, and the penalty of death, by a "It may be sae," again replied Deans;
"I hae naevery unusual and severe enactment, was denounced thing to say anent it, either the tae way or the t'other. against those who should harbour the guilty. But But I do ken there was ance in a day a just and God. what was chiefly accounted exceptionable, was a fearing magistracy in yon towno' Edinburgh, that did clause, appointing the act to be read in churches by not bear the sword in vain, but were a terror to evilthe officiating clergyman, on the first Sunday of doers, and a praise to such as kept the path. In the every month, for a certain period, immediately
before glorious days of auld worthy faithfu' Provost Dick,+ the sermon. The ministers who should refuse to comply with this injunction were declared, for the of Peors, concerning the particulars of the Mob, and the metals
* The Magistrates were closely interrogated before the House first offence, incapable of sitting or voting in any in which these functionaries made their answers, sounded church judicature, and for the second, incapable of strange in the ears of the Southern nobles. The Duke of Netv. holding any ecclesiastical preferment in Scotland.
castle having demanded to know with what kind of shot the
guard which Porteous commanded had loaded their muskets, This last order united in a common cause those who lvas answered naively, "Ow, just sic as ane shoots dukes end might privately rejoice in Porteous's -death, though fooks with. This reply was considered as a contempt of the they dared not vindicate the manner of it, with the House of Lords, and the Provost would have suffered nccordmore scrupulous presbyterians, who held that even sion, properly rendered into English, meant 'ducks and water the pronouncing of the name of the "Lords Spiritual" forol. in a Scottish pulpit was quodammodo, an acknow. * This gentleman formed a striking example of the instability ledgment of prelacy, and that, the injunction of the of humani prosperity. He was once the wealthiest man of his egislature was an interference of the civil govern and a farmer of the public revenue; insomuch that, about 1640, ment with the jus divinum of presbytery, since to the he estimated his fortune at two hundred thousand pounds ster General Assembly alone, as representing the invisible ling. Sir William Dick was a zealous Covenanter, and in the tead of the kirk, belonged the sole and exclusive memorable year 1691, fie lent the Scottish Convention of Estates
one hundred thousand merks at once, and thereby enabled therr tight of regulating whatever pertained to public wor. to support and pay their army, which must otherwise have bro ship. Very many also, of different political or religious ken to pieces, He afterwards advanced 20,0001, for the servire sentiments, and therefore but much moved by these of King Charles, during the usurpation; and having, by owning corsiderations, thought they saw, in so violent an act he was fieeced of more money, amouuting in all to 65,000l. ster of parliament, a more vindictive spirit than became logo the legislature of a great country, and something like Being in this manner reduced to indigence, he went to London an attempt to trample upon the rights and indepen. government security. Justead of receiving any satisfaction, the
dence of Scotland. The various steps adopted for Scottish Crosus was throwa into prison, in which he died, isih a kunishing the city of Edinburgh, by taking away her December 1655. It is said his death yas hastened by the want a
when there was a true and faithfu' General Assembly fering kirky than ony that has been heard of since the of the Kirk; walking hand in hand with the real po- foul and fatal Test-at a time like this: ble Scottish-hearted barons, and with the magistrates "But, goodman," interrupted Mr. Middleburgh of this and other towns, gentlos, burgesses, and com "you must think
of your own household first, or else mons of all ranks, seeing with one eye, hearing with you are worse even than the infidels.", one ear, and upholding the ark with their united "I tell ye, Bailie Middleburgh," retorted David strength - And then folk might see men deliver up Deans," if ye be a bailie, as there is little honour in their silver to the states' use, as if it had been as being ane in these evil days-1 tell ye, I heard the muckle sciate stanes. My father saw them toom the gracious Saunders Peden-1 wotna whan it was; but sacks of dollars out o Provost Dick's window intill it was in killing time when the plowers were drawing the carts that carried them to the army at Dunse alang their furrows on the back of the Kirk of ScotLaw; and if ye winna believe his testimony, there is land-I heard him, tell his hearers, gude and waled the window itsell still standing in the Luckenbooths Christians they were too, that someo them wad greet I think it's a claith-merchant's booth the day*--at mair for a bit drowned calf or stirk, than for a the the airn stanchells, five doors abune Gossford's Close. defections and oppressions of the day, and that they -Buł now we haena sic spirit amang us; we think were some othem thinking o' ae thing, some o mair about the warst wally-draigle in our ain byre, anither, and there was Lady Hundleslope
thinking o than about the blessing which the angel of the cove greeting Jock at the fireside! And the lady confessed nant gave to the Patriarch even at Peniel and Maha- in my hearing, that a drow of anxiety had come ower naim, or the binding obligation of our national vows; her for her son that she had left at hame weak of a and we wad rather gie a pund Scots to buy an unguent decayt-And what wad he hae said of me, if I had to clear our auld rannell-trees and our beds o the ceased to think of the gude cause for a casi-away-a English bugs as they cal them, than we wad gie a -It kills me to think of what she is !"plack to rid the land of the swarm of Arminian
cater- **But the life of your child, goodman--think of that pillars, Socinian
pismires, and deistical Miss Katies, -if her life could be saved," said Middleburgh that have ascended out of the bottomless pit, to plague "Her life?" exclaimed David-"I wadna gie ane this perverse, insidious, and lukewarm generation." of my gray hairs for her life, if her gude pame begane
It happened to Davie Deans on this occasion as it -And yet," said he, relenting and retracting as he has done to many other habitual orators; when once spoke, "I wad make the niffer, Mr. Middleburgh-I he became embarked on his favourite subject, the wad gie a'these gray hairs that she has brought to stream of his own enthusiasm carried him forward shame and sorrow-I wad gie the auld head they in spite of his mental distress, while his well-exercised grow on for her life, and that she might hae time 10 memory supplied him amply with all the types and amend and return, for what hae the wicked beyond tropes of rhetoric peculiar to his sect and cause. the breath of their nostrils ?-But I'll never see her
Mr. Middleburgh contented himself with answering mair.-No!--that-that I am determined in-I'll ne*All this may be very true, my friend; but, as you said ver see her mair!" His lips continued to move for a just now, I have nothing to say to it at present, either minute after his voice ceased to be heard, as if he one way or other. You have two daughters, I think, were repeating
the same vow internally; Mr. Deans ?"
"Well, sir," said Mr. Middleburgh, "I speak to you The old man winced, as one whose smarting sore as a man of sense ; if you would save your daughter's is suddenly galled; but instantly composed himself
, life, you must use human means." resumed the work which, in the heat of his decla- "I understand what you mean; but Mr. Novil mation, he had laid down, and answered with sullen who is the procurator and doer of an honourable perresolution, "Ae daughter, sir-only ane."
son, the Laird of Dumbiedikes, is to do what carnal "I understand you," said Mr. Middleburgh; "you wisdom can do for her in the circumstances. Myseli have only one daughter here at home with you-but am not clear to trinquet and traffic wi' courts o justhis unfortunate girl who is a prisoner-she is, I tice, as they are now constituted; I have a tenderness think, your youngest daughter ?"
and scruple in my mind anent
them." The presbyterian sternly raised his eyes." After "That is to say," said Middleburgh," that you are the world, and according to the flesh, she is my a Cameronian, and do not acknowledge the authority daughter; but when she became a child of Belial, and of our courts of judicature, or present government ?" a company-keeper, and a trader in guilt and iniquity, "Sir, under your favour, replied David, who was she ceased to be a bairn of mine."
too proud of his own polemical knowiedge, to call Alas, Mr. Deans," said Middleburgh, sitting down himself the follower of any one, " ye take me up be by him, and endeavouring to take his hand, which the fore I fall down. I canna see why I suld be termed old man proudly withdrew, "we are ourselves all sina Cameronian, especially now that ye hae given the ners; and the errors of our offspring, as they qught name of that famous and savoury sufferer, not only not to surprise us, being the portion which they derive until
a regimental band of souldiers, whereof, I am of a common portion of corruption inherited through told many can now curse, swear, and use profane Is, so they do not entitle us to cast them off because language, as fast as ever Richard Cameron could they have lost themselves."
preach or pray; but also because ye have, in as far as Sir," said Deans, impatiently, "I ken a' that as it is in your power,
rendered that martyr's name vain weel as-1 mean to say," he resumed, checking the and contemptible, by pipes, drums, and fifes, playing irritation he felt at being schooled,-a discipline of the vain carnal spring, called the Cameronian Rant, the mind, which those most ready to bestow it on which too many professors of religion dance to-a others, do themselves most reluctantly submit to practice maist unbecoming a professor to dance to receive"I mean to say, that what ye obserye may any tune whatsoever, more especially promiscuously, be just and reasonable--But I hae nae freedom to that is, with the female sex. A brutish fashion it enter into my ain private affairs wi' strangers -And is, whilk is the beginning of defection with many, as now, in this great national emergency, when there's I may hae as muckle cause as maist folk to testify," the Porteous Act has come doun frae London, that "Well, but, Mr. Deans," replied Mr. Middleburgh, is a deeper blow to this poor sinfu' kingdom and suf- "I only
meant to say that you were a Cameronian, of common necessaries. But this statement is somewhat exag- or MacMillanite, one of the society people, in short gerated, ir it be true, as is commonly said, that though he was who think it inconsistent to take oaths under a gu fot supplied with bread, he had plenty of pie-crust, thence called vernment where the Covenant is not ratified." "Sir William Dick's necessity, The changes of fortune are commernorated in a folio pamphlet
"Sir," replied the controversialist, who forgot even mtitled, The lamentable state of the deceased Sir William his present
distress in such discussions as these, Dick " 'It contains several copper plates, one representing Bir "you cannot fickle me sae easily as you do opine, most of Edinburgh, superit ending the unloading of one of his am not a MacMillanite, or a Russelite, or a Hamiltorich argosies. A second exhibiting him as arrested, and in the pian, or a Harleyite, or a Howdenites- I will be led farids of the bailiffs. A third presents him dead in prison. The by the nose by none-I take my name as a Christian tract is esteerned highly valuable by collectors of prints. The only copy I ever paw upon sale, was rated at 307
1 See Life of Peden, p. 111. I think so 100-But if the reader be curious, may constit * See note, chap. X. p. 34. Mr. Chambers Traditions of Edinburgh.
All various species of the great genus Cameronian...
from no vessel of clay. I have my own principles | venant, men who in their bạnishment from human and practice to answer for, and am an humble pleader society, and in the recollection of the severities to for the gude auld cause in a legal way."
which they had been exposed, had become at once "That is to say, Mr. Deans," said Middleburgh, sullen in their tempers, and fantastic in their religious " that you are a Deanite, and have opinions peculiar opinions, met with arms in their hands, and
by the to yourself."
side of the torrent discussed, with a turbulence which "It may please you to say sae," said David Deans; the noise of the stream could not drown, points of "but I have maintained my testimony before as great controversy as empty and unsubstantial as its foam. folk, and in sharper times; and though I will neither It was the fixed judgment of most of the meeting, exalt myself nor pull down others, I wish every man that all payment of cess or tribute to the existing go and woman in this land had kept the true testimony, vernment was utterly unlawful, and a sacrificing to and the middle and straight path, as it were, on the idols. About other impositions and degrees of subridge of a hill, where wind and water shears, avoid mission there were various opinions, and perhaps it ing right-hand snares and extremes, and left-hand is the best illustration of the spirit
of those military way-slidings, as weel as Johnny Dodds of Farthing's fathers of the church to say, that while all allowed it Acre, and ae man mair that shall be nameless." was impious to pay the cess employed for maintain
"I suppose," replied the magistrate, that is as ing the standing army' and militia, there was a fierce much as to say, that Johnny Dodds of Farthing's controversy on the lawfulness of paying the duties Acre, and David Deans of St. Leonard's, constitute levied at ports and bridges, for maintaining roads the only members of the true, real, unsophisticated and other necessary purposes; that there were some Kirk of Scotland ?"
who, repugnant to these imposts for turnpikes and "God forbid that I suld make sic a vain-glorious postages were nevertheless free in conscience to speech, when there are sae mony professing Christ- make pavment of the usual freight at public ferries, ians!" answered David; "but this I maun say, that, and that a person of exceeding and punctilious zeal all men act according to their gifts and their grace, James Russel, one of the slayers of the Archbishop sae that it is nae marvel that
of St. Andrews, had given his testimony with great "This is all very fine," interrupted Mr. Middle warmth even against this last faint shade of subjec burgh ; " but I have no time to spend in hearing it. tion to constituted authority. This ardent and enThe matter in hand is this-I have directed a cita- lightened person and his followers had also great tion to be lodged in your daughter's hands--If she scruples about the lawfulness of bestowing the ordi: appears on the day of trial and gives evidence, there nary names upon the days of the week and the months is reason to hope she may save her sister's life--if, of the year, which savoured in their nostrils so strong. from any constrained scruples about the legality of ly of paganism, that at length they arrived at the her performing the office of an affectionate sister and conclusion that they who owned such names as Mon a good subject, by appearing in a court held under day, Tuesday, January, February, and so forth, "serv the authority of the law and government, you become ed themselves heirs to the same, if not greater punish the means of deterring her from the discharge of this ment, than had been denounced against the idolaters duty, I must say, though the truth may sound harsh of old.". in your ears, that you who gave life to this unhappy David Deans had been present on this memorable girl
, will become the means of her losing it by a pre- occasion, although too young to be a speaker among mature and violent death."
the polemical combatants. His brain, however, had So saying, Mr. Middleburgh turned to leave him., been thoroughly heated by the noise, clamour, and
"Bide awee--bide awee, Mr. Middleburgh," said metaphysical ingenuity of the discussion, and it was Deans, in great perplexity and distress of mind; but a controversy to which his mind had often returned; ine Bailie, who was probably sensible that protracted and though he carefully disguised his vacillation from aiscussion might diminish the effect of his best and others, and perhaps from himself, he had never been most forcible argnment, took a hasty leave, and de-able to come to any precise line of decision on the clined entering further into the controversy. subject. In fact, his natural sense had acted as a
Deans sunk down upon his seat stunned with a counterpoise to his controversial zeal. He was by variety of conflicting emotions. It had been a great no means pleased with the quiet and indifferent man source of controversy among those holding his opi- ner in which King William's government slurred mions in religious matters, how far the government over the errors of the times, when, far from restoring which succeeded the Revolution could be, without the presbyterian kirk to its former supremacy, they sin, acknowledged by true presbyterians, seeing that passed an act of oblivion even to those who had been it did not recognise the great national testimony of its persecutors, and bestowed on many of them tithe Solemn League and Covenant? And latterly, tles, favours, and employments. When, in the first those agreeing in this general doctrine, and assuming General Assembly which succeeded the Revolution the sounding title of the anti-popish, anti-prelatic, an overture was made for the revival of the League anti-erastian, anti- sectarian, true presbyterian rem- and Covenant, it was with horror that Douce David nant, were divided into many petty sects among heard the proposal eluded by the men of carnal wit themselves, even as to the extent of submission to and policy, as he called them, as being inapplicable the existing laws and rulers, which constituted such to the present times, and not falling under the moun acknowledgment as amounted to sin.
dern model of the church. The reign of Queen Anna At a very stormy and tumultuous meeting, held in had increased his conviction, that the Revolution go 1682, to discuss these important and delicate points, vernment was not one of the true presbyterian com the testimonies of the faithful few were found utterly plexion. But then, more sensible than the bigots of inconsistent with each other. The place where this his sect, he did not confound the moderation and to conference took place was remarkably well adapted lerance of these two reigns with the active tyranny for such an assembly. It was a wild and very se- and oppression exercised in those o Charles II. and questered dell in Tweeddale, surrounded by high hills, James II. The presbyterian form of religion, thongh and far remote from human habitation. A small ri-deprived of the weight formerly attached to its senvor, or rather a mountain torrent, called the Talla, tences of excommunication, and compelled to tolerate breaks down the glen with great fury, dashing suc- the co-existence of episcopacy, and of sects of vari, cessively over a number of small cascades, which has ous descriptions, was still the National Church; and procured the spot the name of Talla-Linns. Here though the glory of the second temple was far info the leaders among the scattered adherents to the Co-rior to that which had flourished from 1639 till the
battle of Dunbar, still it was a structure that, wantThis
remarkable convocation took place upon 15th June, 1692, ing the strength and the terrors, retained at least the and an account of its confused and divisive proceedings abas be form and symmetry, of the
original model. Then OW 1780, n. 21. It affores a singular and melancholy example came the insurrection in 1715, and David Deans's how much a metaphysical and polomical spirit had crept in horror for the revival of the popish and prelatical facalongst these unhappy sufferers, since, amid so many real inju- tion reconciled him greatly to the government of ugroament and disunion concering die character and extent of King George, although he grieved that that monarcha quais as weie only imaginar
might be suspected of a leaning unto Erastianism In short, moved by so many different considerations, verence to much which she was incapable of under he had shifted his ground at different times concern- standing, and that subtle arguments of casuistry found ing the degree of freedoni which he felt in adopting her a patient but unedified hearer. Upon receiving any act of immediate acknowledgment or submission the citation, therefore, her thoughts did not turn upon to the present government, which, however mild and the chimerical scruples which alarmed her father's paternal, was still uncovenanted; and now he felt mind, but to the language which had been held to himself called upon by the most powerful motive
con- her by the stranger at Muschat's Cairn. In a word, ceivable to authorize his daughter's giving testimony she never doubled but she was to be dragged forward in a court of justice, which all who have been since into the court of justice, in order to place her in the called Cameronians accounted a step of lamentable cruel position of either sacrificing her sister by telling and direct defection. The voice of nature, however, the truth, or committing, perjury in order to save her exclaimed loud in his bosom against the dictates of life. And so strongly did her thoughts run in this fanaticism; and his imagination, fertile in the solu-channel, that she applied her father's words, "Ye tion of polemical difficulties, devised an expedient for are aware of the matter," to his acquaintance with extricating himself from the fearful dilemma, in which the advice that had been so fearfully enforced upon he saw, on the one side, a falling off from principle, her. She looked up with anxious surprise, not
un. and, on the other, a scene from which a father's mingled with a cast of horror, which his next words, thoughts could not but turn in shuddering horror. as she interpreted and applied them, were not quali
"I have been constant and unchanged in my tes: fied to remove. Gmony," said David Deans ; " but then who has said Daughter," said David, "it has ever been my it of me, that I have judged my neighbour over mind, that in things of ane doubtful and controverclosely, because he hath had more freedom in his sial nature, ilk Christian's conscience suld be his ain walk than I have found in mine? I never was a guide - Wherefore descend into yourself, try your ain separatist, nor for quarrelling with tender souls about mind with sufficiency of soul exereise, and as you mint, cummin, or other the lesser tithes. My daughter sall finally find yourself clear to do in this matter Jean may have a light in this sabject that is hid frae even so be it." my auld een-it is laid on her conscience, and not on "But, father," said Jeanie, whose mind revolted at mine-If she hath freedom to gang before this judi- the construction which she naturally put upon hislancatory, and hold up her hand for this poor cast-away, guiage, "can this-rais be a doubtful or controversial surely I will not say she steppeth over her bounds; matter?- Mind, father, the ninth command Thou and if not"- He paused in his mental argument, shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour.". while a pang of unutterable anguish convulsed his David Deans paused; for still applying her speech features, yet, shaking it off
, he firmly resumed the to his preconceived difficulties, it seemed to him, as it strain of his reasoning - And IF NOT---God forbid she, a woman, and a sister, was scarce entitled to be that she should go into defection at bidding of mine! scrupulous
upon this occasion,
where he, a man, ex. I wunna fret the tender conscience of one bairn-no, ercised in the testimonies of that testifying period, not to save the life of the other."
had given indirect countenance to her following wha A Roman would have devoted his daughter to death must have been the natural dictates of her own feelfrom different feelings and motives, but not upon a ings. But he kept firm his purpose, until his eyes more heroic principle of duty.
involuntarily rested upon the little settle-bed, and recalled the form of the child of his old age, as she
sate upon it, pale, emaciated, and broken-hearted. CHAPTER XIX.
His mind, as the picture arose before him, involunTo man, in this his trial state,
tarily conceived, and his tongue involuntarily utteredThe privilege is given,
but in a tone how different from his usual dogmatical When tøst by tides of human fate, To anchor fast on heaven. - Warts's Hymns.
precision !-arguments for the course of conduct likely
to ensure his child's safety. It was with a firm step that Deans sought his "Daughter," he said, "I did not say that your path daughter's apartment, determined to leave her to the was free from stumbling-and, questionless, this act, light of her own conscience in the dubious point of may be in the opinion of some a transgression, since casuistry in which he supposed her to be placed, he who beareth witness unlawfully, and against his
The little room had been the sleeping apartment conscience, doth in some sort bear false witness of both sisters, and there still stood there a small against his neighbour. Yet in matters of compliance, occasional bed which had been made for Effie's ac the guilt lieth not in the compliance sae muckle, as commodation, when, complaining of illness, she had in the mind and conscience of him that doth compiy : declined to share, as in happier times, her sister's and, therefore, although my testimony hath not been pillow. The eyes of Deans rested involuntarily, on spared upon public defections, I haena felt freedom to entering the room, upon this little couch, with its separate mysell from the communion of many who dark-green coarse curtains, and the ideas connected have been clear to hear those ministers who have with it rose so thick upon his soul as almost to taken the fatal indulgence, because they might get incapacitate him from opening his errand to his good of them, though I could not." daughter. Her occupation broke the ice. He found When David had proceeded thus far, his conscience per gazing on a slip of paper, which contained a cita- reproved him, that he might be indirectly undermintion to her to appear as a witness upon her sister's ing the purity of his daughter's faith, and smoothing trial in behalf of the accused. For the worthy ma the way for her falling off from strictness of principle gistrate, determined to omit no chance of doing Effie He, therefore, suddenly stopped, and changed his justice, and 10 leave her sister no apology for not tone:
-Jeanie, I perceive that our vile affections, giving the evidence which she was supposed to pos- so I call them in respect of doing the will of our Fasess, had caused the ordinary eitation, or subpæna, ther,-cling too heavily to me in this hour of trying of the Scottish criminal court, to be served upon her sorrow, to permit me to keep sight of my ain duty, or by an officer during his conference with David. to airt you to yours.". I will speak nae mair anent This precaution was so far favourable to Deans, this over-trying matter. Jeanie, if ye can, wi God that it saved him the pain of entering upon a formal and gude conscience, speak in favour of this puir un. explanation with his daughter; he only said, with a happy"-(here his voice faltered)-"She is your sister hollow and tremulous voice,' “ I perceive ye are in the flesh-worthless and cast away as she is, she aware of the matter."
is the daughter of a saint in heaven, that was a mo"O father, we are cruelly sted between God's laws ther to you, Jeanie, in place of your aiņ– but if ye and man's laws, -What shall we do?-What can arena free in conscience to speak for her in the court we do ?"
of judicature, follow your conscience, Jeanie, and let Jeanie, it must be observed, had no hesitation God's will be done." After this adjuration he left the whatever about the mere act of appearing in a court apartment, and his daughter renained in a state of of justice. She might have heard the point discussed great distress and perplexity. by her father more than once; but we have already It would have been no small addition t the sornoticed, that she was accustomed to listen with re- rows of David Deans, even in this extremity