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of this gular affair. In general, whatever may be magistrates worth mentioning, but called witness after witnem
the impelling motive by which a mob is at first raised, in the privatest manner, before himself in his own house, and
the attainment of their object has usually been only enquiry without taking the least diversion, or turning his
found to lead the way to further excesses. But not thoughts to any other business.
so in the present case. They seemed completely

sa: ing secrecy, so that those who told the truth should never be tiated with the vengeance they had prosecuted with discovered'; made use or no clerk, but wrote all the declara. such stanch and sagacious activity. When they were tions with his own hand, to encourage them to speak out fully satisfied that life had abandoned their victim, After all, for some time, he could get nothing but ends of sto they dispersed in every direction, throwing down the ries, which, when pursued, broke off; and those who appeared weapons which they had only assumed to enable lest it should take air that they had mentioned any one man as them to carry through their purpose. At daybreak guilty. there remained not the least token of the events of "During the course of the enquiry, the run of the town, which the night, excepting the corpse of Porteous, which was strong for the villanous actors, begun to alwr a little, and still hung suspended in the place where he had suf- the generality, who before had spoke very warmly in defence of fered, and the arms of various kinds which the riot- the wickedness, begun to be silent, and at that period more of ers had taken from the city guard-house, which were

the criminals begun to abscond. found scattered about the streets as they had thrown tor was under some difficulty how to proceed. He very well saw

"At length the enquiry began to open a little, and the Sollici. them from their hands, when the purpose for which that the first warrand that was issued out would start the whole they had seized them was accomplished.

gang; and as he bad not come at any one of the most notorious The ordinary magistrates of the city resumed their offenders, he was unwilling, upon the slight evidence he had, power, not without trembling at the late experience that one King, a butcher in the Canungate, had boasted in preof the fragility of its tenure. To march troops into sence of Bridget Knell, a soldier's wife, tlie morning after Capthe city, and commence a severe inquiry into the tain Porteus was hanged, that he had a very active

hand in the transactions of the preceding night, were the first mob, a warrand was issued out, and King was apprehended and marks of returning energy which

they displayed. But imprisoned in the Canongate tolbooth.

"This obliged the Sollicitor immediately to proceed to take these events had been conducted on so secure and up those against whom he had any information. By a signed well-calculated a plan of safety and secrecy, that there declaration, William Stirling, apprentice to James Stirling, was little or nothing learned to throw light upon the Mercier Bo wr

, der charged w having been at the authors or principal actors in a scheme so audacious. halbert in his hand, and haveing begun a huzza, marched upon An express was dispatched to London with the ti the head of the mob towards the Guard. dings, where they excited great indignation and sur- rigtied declaration, charged as haveing been at the Tolbooth

" James Braidwood, son to a candlemaker in town, was, by a prise in the council of regency, and particularly in door, giveing directions to the mob about setting fire to the the bosom of Queen Caroline, who considered 'her door, and that the mob named him by his name, and asked his own authority as exposed to contempt by the success

advice. of this singular conspiracy. Nothing was spoke of was charged of haveing boasted publicly, in a smith's shop al

"By another declaration, one Stoddart, a journeyman smith, for some time save the measure of vengeance which Leith, that he had assisted in breaking open the Tolbooth door. should be taken, not only on the actors of this tra " Peter Traill, a journeyman wright, by one of the declaragedy, so soon as they should be discovered, but upon tions, was also accused of haveing lockt the Nether-Bow Port the magistrates who had suffered it to take place, and when it was shutt by the mob.

"His Majesties sollicitor having these informations, imupon the city which had been the scene where it was ployed privately such persons as he could best rely on, and the exhibited. On this occasion, it is still recorded in po- truth was, there were very few in whom he could repose confia pular tradition, that her Majesty, in the height of her dence. But he was, indeed, faithfully served by one Webster displeasure, told the celebrated John, Duke of Argyle tenant Alshton, who, with very great address, informed himself, that, sooner than submit to such an insult, she would and really run some risque in getting his information, concern make, Scotland a hunting-field. “In that case, Ma- ing the places where the persons informed against used to dam," answered that high-spirited nobleman, with a

and . of ,

a party of the Guard from the Canongate was agreed on to march profound bow, “I will take leave of your

Majesty, and up at a certain hour, when a message should be sent. The sole go down to my own country to get my hounds ready." Licitor wrote a letter and gave it to one of the town officers, or The import of the reply had more than met the ear;

dered to attend Captain Maitland, one of the town Captains, and as most of the Scottish nobility and gentry seem- Indeed, was extremnoly diligent and active throughout the

promoted to that command since the unhappy accident, who ed actuated by the same national spirit, the royal dis; whole' and haveing got Stirling and Braidwood apprehended, pleasure was necessarly checked in mid-volley, and dispatched the officer with the letter to the military in the milder courses were recommended and adopted, to Canongate, who immediately begun their march, and by the some of which we may hereafter have occasion to the Burrow-room, where the magistrates were present, a party advert.

of fifty men, drums beating, marched into the Parliament close,

and drew up, which was the first thing that struck a terror, NOTE TO CHAPTER VII.

and from that time forward, the insolence was succeeded by MEMORIAL CONCERNING THE MURDER OF CAPTAIN PORTEOUS. rear.

The following interesting and authentic account of the in ** Stirling and Braidwood were immediately sent to the Castle, quiries made by Crown Counsel into the afinir of the Poricous and imprisoned. That same night, Stoddart the smith wai Mob, seems to have been drawn up by the Solicitor-General. seized, and he was committed to the Castle also; as was like. The office was held in 1737 by Charles Erskine, Esq.

wise Traill the journeyman wright, who were all severally ex. I owe this curious illustration to the kindness of a profes- amined, and denied the least accession. sional friend. It throws, indeed, little light on the origin of the "In the meantime, the enquiry was going on, and it haveing tumult; but shows how profound the darkness must have cast up in one of the declarations, that a hump'd-backed creapeen, which so much investigation could not dispel.

ture marched with a gun as one of the guards to Porteus when "Upon the 7th of September last, when the unhappy wicked he went up the Lawn Market, the person who emitted this demurder of Captain Porteus was cominitted, His Majesty's Advoclaration, was employed to walk the streets to see if he could cate and Sollicitor were out of town; the first beyond Inverness, I find him out; at last he came to the Sollicitor and told him he and the other in Annandale, not far from Carlyle; neither or had found him, and that he was in a certain house. Whereupon them knew any thing of the reprieve, nor did they in the least a warrand was issued out against him, and he was apprehended suspect that any disorder was to happen.

and sent to the Castle, and he proved to be one Birnie, a helper " When the disorder bappened, the magistrates and other to the Countess of Woernys's coachman. persons concerned in the management of the town, seemed to

"Thereafter, ane information was given in against William be all struck or a heap; and whether from the great terror that M'Lauchlan, frootman to the said Countess, he haveing been had seized all the inhabitants, they thought ane immediate en very active in the mob : ffor sometime he kept himself out of quiry would be fruitless, or whether being a direct insult upon the way, but at last he was apprehended and likewise commit the prerogative of the crown, they did not care rashly to inter ted to the Castle. meddle; but no proceedings was had by them. Only, soon after, "And these were all the prisoners who were putt under con ane express was sent to his Majesties Sollicitor, who came to finement in that place. town as soon as was possible for him ; but, in the meantime, ** There were other persons imprisoned in the Tolbooth of the persons who had been must guilty, had

either run off, or, at Edinburgh, and severalls against whom warrands were issued, lcast, kept themselves upon the wing until they should see what but could not be apprehended, whose names and cases shall ar steps were taken by the Government.

terwards be more particularly taken notice of. "When the Sollicitor arrived he perceived the whole inhabit. " The friends of Stirling made an application to the Earl of ants under a consternation. He had no materials furnished him; Islay, Lord Justice-Generall, setting furth, that he was seized nay, the inhabitants were so much afraid of being reputed inform with a bloody fflux; that his life was in danger; and that upon rs, that very few people had so much as the courage to speak

ane examination of witnesses whose names were given in, it with him on the streets. However, having received her Ma would appear to conviction, that he had not the least access jeslies orders, by a letter from the Duke of Newcastle, he re to any of the riotous proceedings of that wicked mob, solved to sett about the matter in earnest, and entered upon ane * This petition was by his Lordship putt in the hands of hy anguis, gropeing in the dark. He had no assistonce from the Majesties soll citar who examined the witnesses ; and by thev

testimonies it appeared, that the young man, who was not above What is above is all that relates to persons in custody. But eighteen years of age, was that night in company with about there are warrands out against a great many other persons who half a dozen companions, in a public house in Stephen Law's had fed, particularly against one William Whito, a journeyman closs, near the back of the Guard, where they all remained un. baxter, who, by the evidence, appears to have been at the begintill the noise came to the house, that the mob had shut the gates ning of the mob, and to have gone along with the drum, from and seized the Guard, upon which the company broke up, and the West-Port to the Nether-Bow, and is said to have been one ke, and one of his companions, went towards his master's house; of those who attacked the guard, and probably was as deep as and, in the course of the after examination, there was a witness any one thero. who declared, nay, indeed swore, (for the Sollicitor, by this linic, - Information was given that he was lurking at Falkirk, saw it necessary to put those he examined upon oath,) that he where he was born. Whereupon directions were sent to the met him! Stirling) after he entered into the alley where his mas- Sheriff of the County, and a warrand from his Excellency Geter lives, going towards his house; and another witness, fellow. nerall Wade, to the commanding officers at Stirling and Linlith. prentice with Stirling, declares, that after the mob had seized gow, to assist, and all possible endeavours were used to catch the Guard, he went home, where he found Stirling before hiun; hold of him, and 'tis said he escaped very narrowly, having been and that his master lockt the door, and kept them both at home concealed in some outhouse; and the misfortune was, that till after twelve at night : upon weighing of which testimonies, those who were employed in the search did not know him perand upon consideration had, That he was charged by the de- sonally. Nor, indeed, was it easy to trust any of the acquain claration only of one person, who really did not appear to be a tances of so low obscure a fellow with the secret of the war witness of the greatest weight, and that his life was in danger rand to be patt in execution. from the imprisonment, he was admitted to baill by the Lord " There was also strong evidence found against Robert Tay Justice Generall, by whose warrant he was committed.

lor, serrant to William and Charles Thomsons, periwig-makers, "Braidwood's friends applyed in the same manner; but as he that he acted as ane ofńcer among the mob, and he was traced stood charged by more than one witness, he was not released- from the guard to the well at the head of Forrester's Wynd, tho', indeed, the witnesses adduced for him say somewhat in where he stood and had the appellation of Captain from the kis exculpation--that he does not seem to have been upon any mob, and from that walking down the Bow before Captain Por. original concert; and one of the witnesses says he was along teus, with his Lochaber-axe; and by the description given of With him at the Tolbooth door, and refuses what is said agninst one who hawl'd the rope by which Captain Porteus was pulled him, with regard to his having advised the buruing of the Tol- up, 'tis believed Taylor was the person ; and 'tis further proba. booth door. But he remains still in prison.

ble, that the witness who delated Stirling lad mistaken Taylor "As to Traill, the journeyman wright, he is charged by the for' him, their stature and age (so far as can be gathered from same witness who declared against Stirling, and there is none the description) being much the same. concurrs with him; and to say the truth concerning him, he " A great deal of pains were take, and no charge was saved, seemed to be the most ingenuous of any of them whom the sol in order to have catched hold of this Taylor, and warrands were hcitor examined, and pointed out a witness by whom one of the sent to the country where he was born; but it appears lie had first accomplices was discovered, and who escape when the shipt himself off for Holland, where it is said he now is. warrand was to be put in execution against them. He positive- "There is strong evidence also against Thoinas Burns, butcher, ly denys his having shuu the gate, and 'us thought Traill ought that he was ane active person from the beginning of the mob to to be admitted to baill.

the end of it. He lurke for some time anongst thosc of his "As to Birnie, he is charged only by one witness, who had trade; and artfully enough a train was laid to catch him, under never seen him before, nor knew his naine ; so, tho' I dare say pretence of n message that bad come from his father in Ireland, the witness honestly mentioned him, 'tis possible he may be mis- so that he came to a blind alchouse in the Flesh.inarket closs, taken ; and in the examination of above 200 witnesses, there is and a party being ready, was by Webster the soldier, who was bo body concurrs with him, and he is ane insignificant little upon his exploit, advertised to come down. However, Burns ereature.

escaped out at a back window, and hid himself in some of the "With regard to M'Lauchlan, the proof is strong against him houses which are heaped together upou one another in tha! by one witness, that he acted as a serjeant or sort of commander, place, so that it was not possible to catch him. 'Tis now said for some time, or a Guard, that stood cross between the upper he is gone to Ireland to his father, who lives there. and of the Luckenbooths and the north side of the street, to stop "'There is evidence also against one Robert Anderson, jour all but friends from going towards the 'Tolbooth; and by other neyman and servant to Colin Alison, wright; and against Thowitnesses, that he was at the Tolbooth door with a link in his mas Linnen and James Maxwell, both servants also to the said nand, while the operation of beating and burning it was going Colin Alison, who all seem to have been deeply concerned in og that he went along with the mob with a halbert in his hand, the matter. Anderson is one of those who put the rope upon until he came to the gallows stone in the Grass-market, and that Captain Porteus's neck. Linnen seems also to have been very lze stuck the halbert into the hole of the gallows stone ; that active; and Maxwell (which is pretty remarkable) is proven to afterwards he went in amongst the mob when Captain Porteus have come to a shop upon the Friday before, and charged the was carried to the dyer's tree ; so that the proof seems very journeymen and prentices there to attend in the Parliament heavy against him.

close on Tuesday night, to assist to hang Captain Porteus. "To sum up this matter with regard to the prisoners in the These three did carly abscond, and though warrands had been Castle, 'tis believed there is strong proof against M‘Lauchlan, issued out against them, and all endeavours used to apprehend there is also proof against Braidwood. But as it consists only thern, could not be found. in emission of words said to have been had by him while at the “One Waldie, a servant to George Campbell, wrighit, has als Tolbooth door, and that he is ano insignificant pitiful creature, absconded, and many others, and 'tis informed that numbers of and will find people to swear heartily in his favours, 'tis at best them have shipt theinselves off ffor the Plantations ; and upon doubtful whether a jury will be got to condemn him.

an information that a ship was going off from Glasgow, in ** As to those in the 'Tolbooth of Edinburgh, John Crawford, which severall of the rogues were to transport themselves by who had for some time been employed to ring the bells in the yond seas, proper warrands were obtained, and persons dis mpeple of the new Church of Edinburgh, being in company patched to search the said ship, and seize any that can be found. with a soldier accidentally, the discourse falling in concerning "The like warraris had bern issued with regard to ships from Captain Porteus and his murder, as he appears to be a light. Leith. But whether they had been scared, or whether the in beaded fellow, he said, that he knew people that were more formation had been groundless, they had no effect. Guilty than any that were putt in prison. Upon this informa. "This is a summary of the enquiry, ffrom which it appears uion, Crawford was seized, and being examined, it appeared, there is no prooff on which one can rely, but against M.Lauch that when the mob begun, as he was comeing down from the lan. There is a proofl also against Braidwood, but more exsteeple, the mob took the keys from him; that he was that ceptionable. His Majesties Advocate, since he came to town, night in several corners, and did indeed delate severall persons has join'd with the Sollicitor, and has done his utmost to gett whom he saw there, and immediately warrands were dispatch at the bottom of this matter, but hitherto it stands, as is above ad, and it was found they had absconded and fled. But there represented. They are resolved to have their eyes and their cars Wis no evidence against him of any kind Nay, on the con. open, and to do what they can. But they labour'd exceedingly trary, it appeared, that he had been with the Magistrates in against the stream; and it may truly be said, that nothing was Clerk's the vintner's, relating to them what he had seen in the wanting on their

part. Nor have they declined any labour 12 streets. Therefore, after liaveing detained him in prisor for a answer the commands laid upon them to search the matter on very eonsiderable time, his Majesties Advocate and Sollicitor the bottom." signed a warrand for his liberation. There was also one James Wilson incarcerated in the said

THE PORTEOUS MOB. Tolbooth, upon the declaration of one witness, who said he In the preceding chapters, the circumstances of that extraor saw him on the streets with a gun ; and there he remained dinary riot and conspiracy, called the Porteous Mob, are given fer some time, in order to try if a concurring witness could be with as much accuracy as the author was able to collect them furand, or that he acted any part in the tragedy and wicked. The order, regularity, and determined resolution with whic! em But nothing further appeared against bir and being such a violent action was devised and executed, were only equal horized with a severe sickness, he is, by a warrand signed by his led by the secrecy which was observed concerning the principas Majesties Advocate and Sollicitor, liberated upon giving suffi. actors. dent baill.

Although the fact was performed by torch-light, and in pro * As in King, enquiry was made, and the ffact comes out be sence of a great multitude, to some of whom, at least, the indifond all exception, that he was in the lodge at the Nether-Bow vidual actors must have been known, yet no discovery was ever with Lindsay the waiter, and several other people, not at all made concerning any of the perpetrators of the slaughter. toncerned in the mob. But after the affair was over, he went Two men only were brought to trial for an offence which the

towards the guard, and having met with Sandie the Turk government were so ansious to detect and punish. William had his wife, who escaped out of prison, they

returned to his M'Lauchlan, footman to the Countess of Wemyss, who is men house at the Abbey, and then 'tis

very possible he may have tioned in the report of the Solicitor General, (page 24,) against thought fitt in his beer to boast of villany, in which he could whom strong evidence had been obtained, was brought to trime ut possibly have any share ; for that reason he was desired to in March, 1737, charged as having been accessary to the riot, led baill and

he should be got at liberty. But he is a stranger armed with a Lochaber-axe. But this man (who was at all led a fellow of very indifferent character, and 'tis believed it times a silly creature) proved, that he was in a state of mortal sn't be easy for him to find baill. Wherefore, it's thought he intoxication during the time he was present with the rabblo, wat be gett at liberty without it. Because he is a burden upon incapable of giving them either advice or assistance, or, indeed, be Government while kept in confinement, not being able to of koowing what he or they were doing. He was also able to maintain himself.

prove, that he was forced into the riot, and upheld while then


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by two bakers, who put a Lochaber-axe into his hand. The jury, Jof shadowy depth, exchanged with partial brilliancy. wisely judging this poor creature could be no proper subject of which gives character even to the tamest of land given in the case of Thomas Linning, also mentioned in the scapes, the effect approaches near to enchantmena Solicitor's memorial, who was tried in 1738. In short, neither This path used to be my favourite evening and mornThen, nor for a long period afterwards, was any thing discovered ing resort, when engaged with a favourite author, or The imagination of the people of Edinburgh was loug irri- pew subject of study. It is, I am informed, now tated, and their curiosity kept awake, by the mystery attend become totally, impassable; a circumstance which, if ing this extraordinary conspiracy. It was generally reported of true, reflects little credit on the taste of the Good such natives of Edinburgh as, having left the city in south, re: Town or its leaders.* turned with a fortune amassed in foreign countries, that they had originally fled on account of their slime in the Porteous

It was from this fascinating path-the scene to me Mob. But little credit can be attached to these surmises, as in of so much delicious musing, when life was young most of the cases they are contradicted by dates, and in none and promised to be happy, that I have been unable to ordinary wish of the vulgar, to inpute the success of

prosperous pass it over without an episodical description-it men to some unpleasant source. "The secret history of the Por was, I say, from this romantic path that Butler saw coous Mob has been till this day unraveled and it has always the morning arise the day after the murder of Portebeen quoted as a close, daring, and

calculated act of violence, of ous. It was possible for him with ease to have found a nature peculiarly characteristic of the Scottish people.

a much sborter road to the house to which he was Nevertheless, the author, for a considerablo time, nourished hopes to have found himself enabled to throw some light on this directing his course, and, in fact, that which he chose mysterious story. An old man, who died about twenty years was extremely circuitous. But io compose his own ago, at the advanced age of ninety-three, was said to have made spirits, as well as to while away the time, until a death-bed, respecting the origin of tho Porteous Mob. This proper hour for visiting the family without surprise person followed the trade of a carpenter, and had been employ or disturbance, he was induced to extend his circuit ed as such on the estate of a family of opulence and condition by the foot of the rocks, and to linger upon his way His character, in his line of life and amongst his neighbours until the morning should be considerably advanced. confession was said to have been to the following purpose: While, now standing with his arms across, and That he was one of twelve young men belonging to the village waiting the slow progress of the sun above the hori of Patlıhead, whose anim the execution of Wilson, was so extreme, that they resolved zon, now sitting upon

one of the numerous fragments to execute vengeance on him with their own hands, rather than which storms had detached from the rocks above he should escape punishment. With this resolution they crossed him, he is meditating, alternately, upon the horrible the Forth at different forries, and rendezvoused at the suburb catastrophe which he had witnessed, and upon the called Portsburgh, where their

appearance in a body soon called melancholy, and to him most interesting, news which of irritation, that it only wanted a single spark to creato an ex: he had learned at Saddletree's, we will give the plosion; and this was afforded by the exertions of the small and reader to understand who Butler was, and how his fate determined band of associates. The appearance of premeditn. was connected with that of Effie Deans, the unfortution and order which distinguished the riot, according !o his

nate hand-maiden of the careful Mrs. Saddletree. account, had its origin, not in any previous plan or conspiracy, but in the character of those who were engaged in it. The story

Reuben Butler was of English extraction, though also serves to show why nothing of the origin of the riot has born in Scotland. His grandfather was a trooper in ever been discovered, since, though in itself a great conflagra: Monk's army, and one of the party of dismounted tion, ils source, according to this account, was from an obscure dragoons which formed the forlorn hope at the storm

I have been disappointed, however, in obtaining the evidence ing of Dundee in 1651. Stephen Butler (called, from on which this story rests. The present proprietor of the estate his talents in reading and expounding, Scripture Steon which the old man died, (a particular friend of the author plien, and Bible Butler) was a stanch independent This person follows his father's trade, and holds the employ: and received in its fullest comprehension the promise ment of carpenter to the same family. He adınits, that his that the saints should inherit the earth. As hard father's going abroad at the time of the Porteous Mob was knocks were what had chiefly fallen to his share but adds, that, so far as is known to him, the old man had never hitherto in the division of this common property, he made any confeszion to that effect; and, on the contrary, had lost not the opportunity which the storm and plunder uniformly denied being present. My kind friend, therefore, had of a commercial place afforded him, to appropriate as pe course to a person from whom he had formerly heard the story; large a share of the better things of this world as he failure of his own, happened to have forgotten that ever

such a could possibly compass. It would seem that he had communication was made. So my obliging correspondent (who succeeded indifferently well, for his exterior circumis a fox-hunter) wrote to me that he was completely planted: stances appeared, in consequence of this event, to and all that can be said with respect to the tradition is, that it have been much mended. certainly unce existed, and was generally believed

The troop to which he belonged was quartered at

the village of Dalkeith, as forming the body guard of CHAPTER VIII.

Monk, who, in the capacity of general for the Com.

monwealth, resided in ihe neighbouring castle. When Arthur's Seat shall be my bed, *The sheets shall ne'er be press'd by me;

on the eve of the Restoration, the general commenced St. Anton's well shall be my drink,

his march from Scotland, a measure pregnant with Sin' my true love's forsaken me.

Old Song.

such important consequences, he new-modelled his If I were to choose a spot from which the rising or troops, and more especially those immediately about setting sun could be seen to the greatest possible ad, his person, in order that they might consist entirely vantage, it would be that wild path winding around of individuals devoted to himself. On this occasion the fout of the high belt of semi-circular rocks, called Scripture Stephen was weighed in the balance, and Salisbury Crags, and marking the verge of the steep found wanting. It was supposed he felt no call to descent which slopes down into the glen on the south- any expedition which might endanger the reign of eastern side of the city of Edinburgh. The prospect, the military sainthood, and that he did not consider in its general outline, commands a close-built, high- himself as free in conscience to join with any party piled city, stretching itself out beneath in a form, which might be likely ultimately to acknowledge the which, to a romantic imagination, may be supposed interest of Charles Stewart, the son of "the lası to represent that of a dragon; now, a noble arm of man,” as Charles I. was familiarly and irreverently the sea, with its rocks, işles, distant shores, and boun- termed by them in their common discourse, as well dary of mountains; and now, a fair and fertile cham, as in their more elaborate predications and harangues paign country, varied with hill, dale, and rock, and as the time did not admit of cashiering, such dissi. skiited by the picturesque ridge of the Pentland Moun- dents, Stephen Butler was only advised in a friendly tains. But as the path gently circles around the base way to give up his horse and accoutrements to one of of the cliffs, the prospect, composed as it is of these Middleton's old troopers, who possessed an accomenchanting and sublime objects, changes at every modating conscience of a military stamp, and which stes, and presents them blended wil.s, or divided from, squared itself chiefly upon those of the colonel and each cther, in every possible variety which can gratify paymaster. As this hìnt came recommended by a the eye and the imagination. When a piece of scenery 60 Leautiful, yet so varied, --so exciting by its intri-cormed

around these romantic rocks';

and the author has the

A beautiful and solid pathway has, within a few years, been cary, and yet so subline--is lighted up by the tints pleasure to think, that the paysage in the text

gave rise to the of norning or of evening, and displays all that variety | undertaking.

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certain sum of arrears presently payable, Stephen had, Even go it befell when the additional " prestations" carnal wisdom enough to embrace the proposal, and came to be demanded of Benjamin Butler. A man with great indifference saw his old corps depart for of few words, and few ideas, but attached to Beer Coldstream, on their route for the south, to establish sheba with a feeling like that which a vegetable en. the toitering government of England on a new basis. tertains to the spot in which it chances to be planted,

The zone of the ex-trooper, to use Horace's phrase, he neither remonstrated with the Laird, nur endeawas weighty enougn to purchase a cottage and two voured to escape from him, but loiling night and day or three fields, (still nown by the name of Beer- to accomplish the terms of his task-master, fell into sheba,) within about a Scottish mile of Dalkeith ; a burning fever and died. His wife did not long surand there did Stephen establish himself with a youth vive him; and, as if it had been the fate of this saful helpmate, chosen out of the said village, whose mily to be left orphans, our Reuben Butler was, about disposition to a comfortable settlement on this side the year 1704-5, left in the same circumstances in of ine grave reconciled her to the gruff manners, se- which his father had been placed, and under the same rious jernper, and weather-beaten features of the guardianship, being that of his grandmother, the wi. martial enthusiast, Stephen did not long survive dow of Monk's old trooper. the falling on "evil days and evil tongues," of which The same prospect of misery hung over the lead Milton, in the same predicament, so mournfully com- of another tenant of this hard-hearted lord of the plains. At his death his consort remained an early soil. This was a tough true-blue Presbyterian, called widow, with a male child of three years old, which, Deans, who, though most obnoxious to the Laird on in the sobriety wherewith it demeaned itself, in the account of principles in church and state, contrived old-fashioned and even grim cast of its features, and to maintain his ground upon the estate by regular in its sententious mode of expressing itself, would payment of mail-duties, kain, arriage, carriage, dry sufficiently have yindicated the honour of the widow multure, lock, gowpen, and knaveshini

, and all the of Beersheba, had any one thought proper to chal- various exactions now commuted for money, and lenge the babe's descent from Bible Butler.

summed up in the emphatic word RENT. But the Butler's principles had not descended to his family, years 1700 and 1701, long remembered in Scotland for or extended themselves among his neighbours. The dearth and general distress, subdued the stout heart air of Scotland was alien to the growth of indepen- of the agricultural whig: Citations by the grounddency, however favourable to fanaticism under other officer, decreets of the Baron Court, sequestrations, colours. But, nevertheless, they were not forgotten; poindings of outsight and insight plenishing, flew and a certain neighbouring laird, who piqued himself about his ears as fast as ever the tory bullets whistled upon the loyalty of his principles in the worst of around those of the Covenanters at Pentland, Both; umes,” (though I never heard they exposed him to well Brigg, or Airsmoss. Struggle as he might, and more peril than that of a broken head or a night's he struggled gallantly, "Douce David Deans" was lodging in the main guard, when wine and cavalier- routed horse and foot, and lay at the mercy of his ism predominated in his upper story,) had found it a grasping landlord just at the time :hai Benjamin convenient thing to rake up all matter of accusation Butler died. The fate of each family was anticipated; against the deceased Stephen. In this enumeration but they who prophesied their expulsion to beggary his religious principles made no small figure, as, in- and ruin, were disappointed by an accidental circumdeed, they must have scened of the most exagge- stance. rated enormity to one whose own were so small and On the very term-day when their ejection should so faintly traced as to be well nigh imperceptible. have taken place, when all their neighbours were In these circumstances, poor widow Butler was sup- prepared to pity, and not one to assist ihem, the miplied with her full proportion of fines for non-con- nister of the parish, as well as a doctor from Edin. formity, and all the other oppressions of the time, burgh, reccived a hasty summons to attend the Laird until Beersheba was fairly wrenched out of her hands, of Dumbiedikes. Both were surprised, for his con and became the property of the Laird who had so tempi for both faculties had been pretty commonly wantonly, as it had hitherto appeared, persecuted his theme over an extra botile, that is to say, at least this poor forlorn woman. When his purpose was once every day. The leech for the soul, and he for fairly achieved, he showed some remorse or modera- the body, alighted in the court of the little old manor. tion, or whatever the reader may please to term it, in house at almost the same time; and when they had permitting her to occupy her husband's cottage, and gazed a moment at each other with some surprise, cultivate,

on no very heavy terms, a croft of land ad- they in the same breath expressed their conviction jacent. Her son, Benjamin, in the meanwhile, grew that Dumbiedikes must needs be very ill indeed, since up :o man's estate, and, moved by that impulse which he summoned them both to his presence at once. makes men scek marriage, even when its end can Ere the servant could usher them to his apartment only be the perpetuation of misery, he wedded and the party was augmented by a man of law, Nichil brought a wife, and, eventually, a son, Reuben, 10 Novit, writing himself procurator before the Sheriffshare the poverty of Beershebu.

court, for in those days there were no solicitors. This The Laird of Dumbiedikes* had hitherto been latter personage was first summoned to the aparimoderate in his exactions, perhaps because he was ment of the Laird, where, after some sl ort space, the ashamed to tax too highly the miserable means of soul-curer and the body-curer were invited to join support which remained to the widow Butler. But him. when a stout active young fellow appeared as the la- Dumbiedikes had been by this time transported in bourer of the croft in question, Dumbiedikes began to the best bedroom, used only upon occasions of to think so broad a pair of shoulders might bear an death and marriage, and called, from the former of additional burden. Heregulated, indeed, his manage these occupations, the Dead-Room. There were in ment of his dependents (who fortunately were but few this apartment, besides the sick person himself and in number) much upon the principle of the carters Mr. Novit, the son and heir of the patient, a tal! whom he observed loading their carts at a neigh-gawky silly-looking boy of fourteen or fifteen, and a bouring coal-hill, and who never failed to clap an ad-housekeeper, a good buxom figure of a woman, beditional brace of hundred-weights on their burden, so twixt forly and fifty, who had kept the keys and ma soon as by any means they had compassed a new naged matters at Dumbiedikes since the lady's death aorse of somewhat superior strength to that which It was to these attendants that Dumbiedikes address bad broken down the day before. However reasoned himself pretty nearly in the following words; tem able this practice appeared to the Laird of Dumbie- poral and spiritual matters, the care of his health and dikes, he ought to have observed that it may be over his affairs, being strangely jumbled in a head which done, and that it infers, as a matter of course, the was never one of the clearest. destruction and loss of both horse, cart, and loading. "These are sair times wi' me, gentlemen and neigh

• Dumbiedikes, selected as descriptive or the taciturn charac bours! annaist as ill as at the aughty-nine, when i ter of the imaginary owner, is really the name of a house bor

was rabbled by the collegeaners.t-They mistook me dering on the King's Park, so called because the late Mr. Braidwood, an instructor of the deaf and dumb, resided there with + Immediately previous to the Revoission, the students at de bis pupils The situntion of the real house is ditforent from that Edinburgh College were violent anti-catholics. They were wsigned to the ideal mansion.

strongly suspected of burning the house of Priestfield, belongina

muckle-they ca'd me a papist, but there was never bosom he had so long possessed; and he partiv suc. a papist biť about me, minister. --Jock, ye'll take ceeded, as an old tyrant proves often too strong for warning-it's a debt we maun a' pay, and there his insurgent rebels. stands Nichil Novit that will tell ye I was never "I canna do't,” he answered, with a voice of degude at paying debts in my life. --Mr. Novit, ye'll no spair. "It would kill me to do't-how can ye bid forget to draw the annual rent that's due on the yerl's me pay back siller, when ye ken how I want it? or band-if I pay debt to other folk, I think they şuld dispone Beersheba, when ii lies de weel into my ain pay it to me-ihat equals aquals. --Jock, when ye hae plaid-nuik? Nature made Dumbiedikes and Beer naething else to do, ye may be aye sticking in a tree; sheba to be ae man's land--She did, by it will be growing, Jock, when ye're sleeping.* My Nichil, it wad kill me to part them.” father tauld me sue forty years sin', but I ne'er fand “But ye maun die whether or no, Laird,” said Mr time to mind him-Jock, ne'er drink brandy in the Novit; and maybe ye wad die easier- it's but trymorning, it files the stamach sair; ,gin ye take a ing: i'll scroll the disposition in nae time." morning's draught, let it be aqua mirabilis; Jenny Dinna speak o't, sir," repijed Dumbiedikes, " or there makes it weel.-Doctor, my breath is growing I'll fing the stoup at your head.-But, Jock, lad, ye as scant as a broken-winded piper's, when he has see how the warld warstles wi' me on my deathbed played for four-and-twenty hours at a penny-wedding. I --be kind to the puir creatures the Deanses and the -Jenny, pit the cod aneath my head-but it's a neert. Butlers-be kind to them, Jock. Dinna let the warld less !--- Mass John, could ye think o rattling ower get a grip o' ye, Jock-but keep the gear thegither! some bit short prayer, it wad do me gude maybe, and and whate'er ye do, dispone Beersheba at no late. keep some queer thoughts out o' my head. Say some- Let the creatures stay at a moderate mailing, and thing, man.'

hae bite and soup; ii will maybe be the better wi' "I cannot use a prayer like a rat-rhyme," answered your father where he's gaun, lad." the honest clergyman; "and if you would have your After these contradictory instructions, the Laird soul redeemed like a prey frein the fowler, Laird, you felt his mind so much at ease, that he drank three must needs show me your state of mind."

bumpers of brandy continuously, and "soughed And shouldna ye ken that without my telling awa," as Jenny expressed it, in an attempt to sing you ?" answered the patient." What have I been “Deil stick the minister." paying stipend and tiend parsonage and vicarage for, His death made a revolution in favour of the dis ever sin' che aughty-nine, and I canna get a spell of tressed families. John Dumbie, now of Dumbiedikes, a prayer for's, the only time I ever asked for ane in in his own right, seemed to be close and selfish enough; my life?-Gang awa wi' your whiggery, if that's a' but wanted the grasping spirit and active mind of his ye can do ; auld Curate Kilstoup, wad hae read hall father; and his guardian happened to agree with him ihe Prayer-book to me by this time-Awa wi'ye!. in opinion, that his father's dying recommendation Doctor, let's see if ye can do ony thing better for me." should be attended to. The tenants, therefore, were

The doctor, who had obtained some information not actually turned out of doors among the snow in the meanwhile from the housekeeper on the state wreaths, and were allowed wherewith to procure butof his complainis, assured him that medical art could ter-milk and peas-bannocks, which they eat under the not prolong his life many hours.

full force of the original malediction. The cottage of "Then damn Mass John and you baith!" cried the Deans, called Woodend, was not very distant from furious and intractable patient. “Did ye come here that at Beersheba. Formerly there had been little infor naething but to tell me that ye canna help me at tercourse between the families. Deans was a sturdy the pinch ? Out wi' them, Jenny-out o' the house! Scotchman, with all sort of prejudices against the and, Jock, my curse, and the curse of Cromwell

, go southern, and the spawn of the southern. Moreover, wi' ye, if ye gie them either fee or bountith, or sae Deans was, as we have said, a stanch presbyterian, muckle as a black pair o' cheverons !''+

of the most rigid and unbending adherence io what The clergyman and doctor niade a speedy retreat he conceived to be the only possible straight line, as out of the apartment, while Dumbiedikes fell into he was wont to express himself

, between right-hand one of those transports of violent and profane lan- heats and extremes, and left-hand defections; and,

which had procured him the surname of therefore, he held in high dread and horror all indeSamn-: ny, ye b" he cried, with a voice in which passion them. contended with pain. "I can die as I have lived, But, notwithstanding these national prejudices and without fashing ony o' them. But there's ae thing," religious professions, Deans and the widow Butler he said, sinking, his voice," there's ae fearful thing were placed in such a situation, as naturally and at hings about my heart, and an anker of brandy winna length created some intimacy between the families. wash it away:-The Deanses at Woodend?-1 se- They had shared a common danger and a mutual de questrated them in the dear years, and now they liverance. They needed each other's assistance, like are to fit, they'll starve--and that Beersheba, and a company, who, crossing a mountain stream, are that auld trooper's wife and her oe, they'll starve compelled to cling close together, lest the current they'll starve !-Look out, Jock; what kind o' night should be too powerful for any who are not thus supis't?"

ported. "On-ding o’ snaw, father,", answered Jock, after On nearer acquaintance, too, Deans abated some naving opened the window and looked out with great of his prejudices. He found old Mrs. Butler, though composure:

not thoroughly grounded in the extent and bearing of "They'll perish in the drifts!" said the expiring the real testimony against the defections of the times, sinner--they'll perish wi', cauld !--but I'll be het had no opinions in favour of the independent party; eneugh, gin a' tales be true."

neither was she an English woman. Therefore, it This last observation was made under breath, was to be hoped, that, though she was the widow of and in a tone which made the very attorney shudder. an enthusiastic corporal of Cromwell's dragoons, het He tried his hand at ghostly advice, probably for the grandson might be neither schismatic por anu-nafirst tinie in his life, and recommended, as an opiate tional, two qualities concerning which Goodman for the agonized conscience of the Laird, reparation Deans had as wholesome a terror as against papists of the injuries he had done to these distressed fa- and malignants. Above all, (for Douce Davie Deans milies, which, he observed by the way, the civil law had his weak side) he perceived that widow Butler called restitutio in integrum. But Mammon was looked

up to him with reverence, listened to his ag struggling with Remorse for retaining his place in a vice, and compounded for an occasional fling at the to the word Provost; and certainly were guilty of creating cor have seen, she was by no means warmly aitached, in

doctrines of her deceased husband, to which, as we * Tho author has been flattered by the assurance, that this consideration of the valuable counsels which the narde mode of recommending arboriculture (which was actually presbyterian afforded her for the management of her delivered in these very words by a Highland laird, while on nis little farm. These usually concluded with, "they heath-bed, to his son) had so much weight with a Scottish earl, may do otherwise in England, neighbour Butler, for m to lead in his planting a large tract of country. • Checeros-gloves.

aught I ken;" or it may be different in foreign

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