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make a favourable representatiori of Porteous's case,'' such had been expected by the magistrates, and the there were not wanting others, in the higher depart. necessarymeasures had been aken to repress it. ments of government, which would make such sug. But the shout was not repeated, nor did any sudden gestions favourably listened to.

tumult engne, such as it appeared to announce. The The mob of Edinburgh, when thoroughly excited, populace seemed to be ashamed of having expressed had been at all times one of the fiercest which could their disappointinent in a vain clarnour, and the sound be found in Europe; and of late years they had risen changed, not into the silence which had preceded the repeatedly against the government, and sometimes arrival of these stunning news, but into stifled mutnot without temporary success. They were con- terings, which each group maintained among themscious, therefore, that they were no favourites with selves, and which were blended into one deep and the rulers of the period, and that, if Captain Porteons's hoarse murmur which floated above the assembly. violence was not altogether regarded as good service, Yet still, though all expectation of the execution it might certainly be thought, that to visit it with a was over, the mob remained assemblert

, stationary, capital punishment would render it both delicate and as it were, through very resentment, gazing on tho dangerous for future officers, in the same circumstan- preparations for death, which had now been made ces, to act with effect in repressing tumults. There in vain, and stimulating their feelings, by recalling is also a natural feeling, on the part of all meinbers the various claims which Wilson inight have had on of government, for the general maintenance of au- royal mercy, from the mistaken motives on which he ahority; and it seemed not unlikely, that what to the acted, as well as from the generosity he had displayrelatives of the sufferers appeared a wanton and un-ed towards his accomplice. " This man," they said provoked massacre, should be otherwise viewed in the brave, the resolute, the generous, was executthe cabinet of St. James's. It might be there sup- ed to death without mercy for stealing a purse of posed, that, upon the whole matter, Captain Porteous gold, which in some sense he might consider as a was in the exercise of a trust delegated to him by the fair reprisal; while the profligate satellite, who took lawful civil authority; that he had been assaulted by advantage of a trifling tumult, inseparable from such the populace, and several of his men hurt; and that, occasions, to shed the blood of twenty of his fellowin finally repelling force by force, his conduct could citizens, is deemed a fitting object for the exercise of be fairly imputed io no other motive than self-defence the royal prerogative of mercy. Is this to be borne? in the discharge of his duty..

-would our fathers have borne it? Are not we, like These considerations, of themselves very powerful, them, Scotsmen and burghers of Edinburgh ?” induced the spectators to apprehend the possibility of The officers of justice began now to remove ine a reprieve; and to the various causes which might scaffold, and other preparations which had been made interest the rulers in his favour, the lower part of the for the execution, in hopes, by doing so, to accelerate rabble added one which was peculiarly well adapted the dispersion of the multitude. The measure had to their comprehension. It was averred, in order to the desired effect; for no sooner had the fatal tree increase the odium against Porteous, that while he been unfixed from the large stone pedestal or socket repressed with the utmost severity the slightest ex- in which it was secured, and sunk slowly down upon cegses of the poor, he not only overlooked the license the wain intended to remove it to the place where it of the young nobles and gentry, but was very willing was usually deposited, than the populace, after giving to lend them the countenance of his official autho- vent to their fcelings in a second shout of rage and rity, in execution of such loose pranks as it was mortification, began slowly to disperse to their usual chiefly his duty to have restrained. This suspicion, abodes and occupations, which was perhaps much exaggerated, made a deep The windows were in like manner gradually desertimpression on the minds of the populace; and when ed, and groups of the more decent class of citizens several of the hig:1er rank joined in a petition, recom- formed themselves, as if waiting to return homewards mending Porteous to the mercy of the crown, it was when the streets should be cleared of the rabble. generally supposed he owed their favour not to any Contrary to what is frequently the case, this descrip. conviction of the hardship of his case, but to the fear tion of persons agreed' in general with the seniiof losing a convenient accomplice in their debauche- ments of their inferiors, and considered the cause as ries. It is scarcely necessary to say how much this common to all ranks. ' Indeed, as we have already suspicion augmented the people's detestation of this noticed, it was by no means amongst the lowest class obnoxious criminal, as well as their fear of his escap- of the spectators, or those most likely to be engaged ing the sentence pronounced against him.

in the riot at Wilson's execution, that the fatal fire While these arguments were stated and replied to, of Porteous's soldiers had taken effect. Severa, and canvassed and supported, the hitherto silent ex- persons were killed who were looking out at winpectation of the people became changed into that dows at the scene, who could not of course belong deep and agitating murmur, which is sent forth

by to the rioters, and were persons of decent rank and the ocean before the tempest begins to howl. The condition. The burghers, therefore, resenting the crowded populace, as if their motions had correspond loss which had fallen on their own bod" and proud ed with the unsettled state of their minds, fluctuated and tenacious of their rights, as the citizens of Edto and fro without any visible cause of impulse, like inburgh have at all times been, were greatly exaspe the agitation of the waters, called by sailors the rated at the unexpected respite of Captain Porteous. ground-swell. The news, which the magistrates had It was noticed at the time, and afterwards mora almost hesitated to communicate to them, were at particularly remembered, that, while the mob were length announced, and spread among the spectators in the act of dispersing, several individuals were seei. with a rapidity like lighining. A reprieve from the busily passing from one place and one group of peoSecretary of State's office, under the land of his ple to another, remaining long with none, but whis. Grace the Duke of Neweastle, had arrived, intimat- pering for a little time with those who appeared to be ing the pleasure of Queen Caroline, (regent of the declaiming most violently against the conduct of go. kingdom during the absence of George II. on the vernment. These active agents had the appearance Continent,) that the execution of the sentence of of men from the country, and were generally sup death pronounced against John Porteous, late Cap- posed to be old friends and confederates of Wilson tain-Lieutenant of the City-Guard of Edinburgh, pre- whose minds were of course highly excited against sent prisoner in the tolbooth of that city, be respited Porteous. for six weeks from the time appointed for his execu If, however, it was the intention of these men to

stir the multitude to any sudden act of mutiny, it The assembled spectators of almost all degrees, seemed for the time to be fruitless. The rabble, as whose minds had been wound up to the pitch which well as the more decent part of the assembly, dis

e have described, ultered a groan, or rather a roar persed, and went home peaceably; and it was only Qi indignation and disappointed revenge, similar to by observing the moody discontent on their brows that of a tiger from whom his mea! has been rent by or catching the tenor of the conversation they held his keeper when he was just about to devour it. This with each other, that a stranger could estimate the fierce exclamation seemed to forebode some imme- state of their minds. We will give the reader this giate explosion of popular resentment. and, in fact, I advantage, by associating ourselves with one of the


aumerous grups who were painfully ascending the turn of mind was, on the whole, lucky for him ; since steep declivity of the West Bow, to return to their his substance was increased without any trouble on dwellings in the Lawn-market.

his part, or any interruption of his favourite studies. " An unco thing this, Mrs. Howden," said old Pe This word in explanation has been thrown in to ter Plumdamas to his neighbour the rouping-wife, or the reader, while Saddletree was laying down, with saleswoman, as he offered her his arm to assist her great precision, the law upon Porteous's case, oy in the toilsome ascent, "toʻsce the grit folk at Lun- which he arrived at this conclusion, thai, il Porteous non set their face against law and gospel, and let !iad fired five minutes sooner, before Wilsor was cut loose sic a reprobate as Porteous upon a peaceable down, he would have been versuns in licito ; entown!"

gaged, that is, in a lawful act, and only liavle to be " And tu think o' the weary walk they hae gien us," punished propter excessum, or for lack of discretion, answered Mrs. Howden, with a groan ; "and sic a which inight have mitigated the punishment to pæna comfortable window as I had gotten, too, just within ordinaria. a penny-stano-cast of the scaffold--I could hae heard “Discretion !" echoed Mrs Howden, on whom, it every word the minister said--and to pay twalpennies may well be supposed, the fine less of this distinction for iny stand, and a' for naething!"

was entirely thrown away, -" whan had Jock Porte"I am judging," said Mr. Plumdamas," that this ous either grace, discretion, or gude manners? reprieve wadna stand gude in the auld Scots law; mind when his father''. when the kingdom was a kingdom.".

“But, Mrs. Howden,” said Saddletree “I dinna ken muckle about the law," answered And I," said Miss Damahoy, "mind when his Mrs. Howden; "but I ken, when we had a king, and mother"a chancellor, and parliament-men o' our ain, we could "Miss Danahoy,” entreated the interrupted oraaye peeble them wi' stanes when they werena gude torbairns-But naebody's nails can reach the length o' "And I," said Plumdamas, “mind when his Lunnon."

wife" " Weary on Lunnon, and a' that e'er came out o't!" "Mr. Plumdamas-Mrs. Howden-Miss Dama. said Miss Grizel Damahoy, an ancient seamstress; hoy, again implored the orator,-"mind the dis

they hae taen awa our parliament, and they hae tinction, as Counsellor Crossmyloof says, - 'I,' says oppressed our trade. Our gentles will hardly allow he take a distinction. Now, the body of the crimihat a Scots needle can sew rushes on a sark, or lace nal being cut down, and the execution ended, Por cn an owerlay."

teous was no longer official; the act which he came “Ye may say that, Miss Damahoy, and I ken o' to protect and guard, being done and ended, he was hem that hae gotten raisins frae Lunnon by forpits no better than cuivis ex populo." at ance,'' responded Plumdamas," and then sican host Quivis,quivis, Mr. Saddletree, craving your of idle English gaugers and excisemen as hae come pardon,” said (with a prolonged emphasis on the down to vex and torment us, that an honest man can- first syllable) Mr. Butler, the deputy schoolmaster of na fetch sae muckle as a bit anker o' brandy frae Leith a parish near Edinburgh, who at that moment came to the Lawn-market, but he's like to be rubbit o' the up behind them as the false Latin was uttered. very gudes he's bought and paid for.-Weel, I winna "What signifies interrupting me, Mr. Butler ?--hut justify Andrew Wilson for pitting hands on wha: I am glad to see ye notwithstanding--I speak after wasna his; but if he took nae mair than his ain, Counsellor Crossmyloof, and he said cuivis.'' there's an awfu' difference between that and the fact "If Counsellor Crossinyloof used the dative for the this man stands for."

nominative, I would have crossed his loof with a *If ye speak about the law," said Mrs. Howden, tight leathern strap, Mr. Saddletree; there is not a * Here comes Mr. Saddletree, that can settle it as boy on the booby form but should have been scourged weel as ony on the bench."

for such a solecism in grammar. The party she mentioned, a grave elderly person, "I speak Latin like a lawyer, Mr. Butler, and not with a superb periwig, dressed in a decent suit of sad- like a schoolmaster,” retorted Saddletree. coloured clothes, came up as she spoke, and cour Scarce like a schoolboy, I think," rejoined Butler. teously gave his arm to Miss Grizel Damahoy.

"It matters little," said Bartoline; "all I mean to It may be necessary to mention, that Mr. Bartoline say is, that Porteous has become liable to the pena Saddletree kept an excellent and highly-esteemed extra ordinem, or capital punishment; which is to shop for harness, saddles, &c. &c. at the sign of the say, in plain Scotch, the gallows, simply because he Golden Nag, at the head of Bess Wynd. His genius, did not fire, when he was in office, but waited till the however, (as he himself and most of his neighbours body was cut down, the execution whilk he had in conceived,) lay towards the weightier matters of the charge to guard implemented, and he himself exlaw, and he failed not to give frequent attendance onered of the public trust imposed on him." apon the pleadings and arguments of the lawyers and But, Mr. Saddletree," said Plumdamas, “do ye judges in the neighbouring square, where to say the really

think John Porteous's case wad hae been bettruth, he was oftener to be found than would have ter if he had begun firing before ony stanes were consisted with his own emolument; but that his wife, Aung at a'?" an active pains-taking pereon, could, in his absence, " Indeed do I, neighbour Plumdamas," replied Barniake an admirable shift to please the customers and toline, confidently," he being then n point of trụst scold the journeymen. This good lady was in the and in point of power, the execution being but inhabit of letting her husband take his

way, and go on choat, or, at least, not implemented, or finally ended; improving his stock of legal knowledge without in- but after Wilson was cut down, it was a' ower-hé terruption; but, as if in requital, she insisted upon was clean exauctorate, and had nae mair ado but to having her own will in the

domestic and commercial get awa wi' his guard up this West Bow as fast as if departments which he abandoned to her. Now, as there had been a caption after him-And this is law, Bartoline Saddletree had a considerable gift of words, for I heard it laid down by Lord Vincovincentem." which he mistook for eloquence, and conferred more "Vincovincentem ?-Is he a lord of state, or a lord liberally upon the society in which he lived than was of seat?" inquired Mrs. Howden.* at all t.mes gracious and acceptable, there went forth A lord of seat-a lord of session.--I fash mysel! a saying, with which wags used sometimes to inter- little wil lords o' state; they vex me wi’a wheen cupe his rhetoric, that, as he had a golden nag at his idle questions about their saddles, and curpels, and door, so he had a gray mare in his shop. This

reproach holsters, and horse-furniture, and what they'll 205 induced Mr. Saddletree, on all occasions, to assume and whan they'll be ready-a wheen galloping geese rather a haughty and stately tone towards his good - my wife may serve the like o' them.” woman, a circumstance by which she seemed very "And so might she, in her day, hae served the best Ctrle affected, unless he attempted to exercise any lord in the land, for as little as ye think o her, Mr. real authority, when she never failed to fly into open Saddletree," said Mrs. Howden, somewhat indignant rebellion. But such extremes Bartoline seldom pro- at the contemptuous way in which her gossip was voked; for, like the gentle King Jamie, he was fonder * A nobleman was called a Lord of State. The Senators of tho of talking of authority than really exercising it. This College of Justice were tormed Lords of Seat, or of the Soutu.

mentior' d; "when she and I were twa gilpies, weed saddle-cloth for his sorrel horse will be ready, for little thought to hae sitten doun wil the like o' my he wants it agane the Kelso races.' auld Davie Howden, or you either, Mr. Saddletree." "Weel, awcel,” replied Bartoline, as laconically as

While Saddletree, who was not bright at a reply, before. was cudgelling his brains for an answer to this home "And his lordship, the Earl of Blazonbury, Lord tbrust, Miss Damahoy broke in on him.

Flash and Flame, is like to be clean daft, that the And as for the lords of state, said Miss Dama- harness for the six Flanders mears, wi' the crests, hoy, " ye suld mind the riding of the parliament, Mr. coronets, housings, and mountings conform, are no Saddletree, in the gude auld time before the Union, sent hame according to promise gien." -a year's rent o' mony a gude estate gaed for horse "Weel, weel, weel-weel, weel, gudewife,” said graith

and harnessing, forby broidered robes and Saddletree, "if he gangs daft, we'll hae him cognosfoot-mantles, that wad" hae stude by their lane wi' ced-it's a' yery weel.' gold brocade, and that were muckle in my, ain line." " It's weel that ye think sae, Mr. Saddletree," an.

Ay, and then the lusty banqueting, with sweet swered his helpmate, rather netiled at the indifference meats and comfits wet and dry, and dried fruits of with which her report was received; "there's mony divers sorts," said Plumdamas.' "But Scotland was ane wad hae thought themselves affronted, if sao Scotland in these days."

mony customers had ca'd and naebody to answer "I'll tell you what it is, neighbours," said Mrs. them but women-folk; for a' the lans were aff, as Howden, “I'll ne'er believe Scotland is Scotland ony soon as your back was turned, to see Porteous hangmair, if our kindly Scots sit doun with the affronted, that might be counted upon; and sae, you no they hae gien us this day. It's not only the blude that being at hame"is shed, but the blude that might hae been shed, "Houts, Mrs. Saddletree," said Bartoline, with an that's required at our hands; there was my daugh air of consequence, "dinna deave me wi’ your nonter's wean, little Eppie Daidle-my oe, ye ken, Miss sense; I was under the necessity of being elsewhere Grizel--had played the truant frae the school, as -non omnia-as Mr. Crossinyloof said, when he bairns will do, ye ken, Mr. Butler"

was called by two macers at once, non omnia possu * And for which," 'interjected Mr. Butler, "they mus--pessimus-possimis-I ken our law-latin ofshould be soundly scourged by their well-wishers." fends Mr. Butler's ears, but it means naebody, and it

"And had jusi cruppen to the gallows' foot to see were the Lord President himsell, can do twa turns at the hanging, as was natural for a wean; and what ance.' for mightna she hae been shot as weel as the rest o' 'Very right, Mr. Sadgietree," answered his careful them, and where wad we a' hae been then? I won helpmate, with a sarcastic smile; "and nae doubt der how Queen Carline (if her name be Carline) wad it's a decent thing to leave your wife to look after liae liked to hae had ane o' her ain bairns in sic a young gentlemen's saddles and bridles, when ye gang venture ?"

to see a man, that never did ye nae ill, raxing a halter. Report says," answered Butler, "that such a cir “Woman,” said Saddletree, assuming an elevated cumistance would not have distressed her majesty be- tone, to which the meridian had somewhat contriyond endurance.'

buted, "desist, -I say forbear, from intromitting with "Aweel," said Mrs. Howden, "the sum of the affairs thou canst not understand. D'ye think I was matter is, that, were I a man, I wad hae amends o' born to sit here broggin an elshin through bend-leaJock Porteous, be the upshot what like o't, if a' the ther, when sic men as Duncan Forbes, and that other carles and carlines in England had sworn to the nay- Arniston chield there, without muckle greater parts, say:

if the close-head speak true, than mysell, maun be "I would claw down the tolbooth door wil my presidents and king's advocates, nae doubi, and wha nails," said Miss Grizel, “but I wad be at him." but they? Whereas, were favour equally distribute

"Ye may be very right, ladies," said Butler, " but as in the days of the wight Wallace" I would not advise you to speak so loud."

I ken naething we wad hae gotten by the wight Speak!" exclaimed both the ladies together, Wallace,” said Mrs. Saddletree, unless, as I haq there will be naething else spoken about frae the heard the auld folk tell, they fought in thae days wi' Weigh-house to the Water-gate, till this is either bend leather-guns, and then it's a chance but what, is ended or mended."

he had bought them, he might have forgot to pay for The females now departed to their respective places them. And as for the greatness of your parts, Bartof abode. Plumdamas joined the other two gentle- ley, the folk in the close-head maun kun mair about men in drinking their meridian, (a bumper-dram of them than I do, if they make sick a report of them. brandy,) as they passed the well-known low-browed "I tell ye, woman,” said Saddletree, in high dudshop in the Lawn-market, where they were wont to geon, that ye ken naething about these matters take that refreshment. Mr. Plumdamas then de- In Sir William Wallace's days, there was nae man parted towards his shop, and Mr. Butler, who hap- pinned down to sic a slavish wark as a saddler's, for pened to have some particular occasion for the rein they got ony leather graith that they had use for readyof an old bridle, (the truants of that busy day could made out of Holland." have anticipated its application) walked down the "Well,” said Butler, who was, like many of his Lawn-market with Mr. Saddletree, each talking as he profession, something of a humorist and dry joker, could get a word thrust in, the one on the laws of "if that be the case, Mr. Saddletree, I think we have Scotland, the other on those of Syntax, and neither changed for the better; since we make our own har. listening to a word which his companion uttered. ness, and only import our lawyers from Holland,

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" It's ower true, Mr. Butler," answered Bartoline, with a sigh ; "if I had had the luck-or rather, if ray

father had had the sense to send me to Leyden and CHAPTER V.

Utrecht to learn the Substitutes and Pandex”. Elswhair he colde right woel lay down the law,

You mean the Institutes - Justinian's Institutes But in his house was meek as is a daw.

Mr. Saddletree ?'' said Butler.
DAYIE LINDSAY. " Institutes
and substitutes are synonymous

words, “THERE has been Jock Driver the carrier here, Mr. Butler, and used indifferently as such in deeds of speering about his new graith," said Mrs. Saddletree tailzie, as you may see in Balfour's Practiques, or to her husband, as he crossed his threshold, not with Dallas of St. Martin's Styles. I understand these the purpose, by any means, of consulting him upon things pretty weel, I thank God; but I own I should nis own affairs, bút merely to intimate, by a gentle have studied in Holland.” recapitulation, how much duty she had gone through "To comfort you, you might not have been furin his absence.

ther forward than you are now, Mr. Şaddletree,” "Weel," repliea Bartoline, and deigned not a word replied Mr. Butler ; " for our Scottish advocates are

an aristocratic race. Their brass is of the right “And the Laird of Girdingburst has had his rụn. Corinthian quality, and Non cuivis contigit adir ning fooiman here, and ca'd himsell, (he's a civil Corinthum-Aha, Mr. Saddletree?" pleasant voung gentleman,) to see when the broider And aha. Mr. Eutler," rejoined Bartoline, upan



whom, as may be well supposed, the jest was lost, rum could be supposed to give way to. Was not and all but the sound of the words, "ye said a glift this girl," he said, "the daughter of David Deans, syne it was quiris, and now I heard ve sav cuiris that had the parks at St. Leonard's taken 7 and has with my ain ears, as plain as ever I heard a word at she not a sister ?" the fore-bar.”

In troth has she--puir Jeanie Deans, ten years "Give me your patience, Mr. Saddle tree, and I'll aulder than hersell; she was here greeting a wee explain the discrepancy in three words," said Butler, while syne about her eittie. And what could I say as vedantic in his own department, though with infi- to her, but that she behooved to come and speak to nitely more judgment and learning, as Bartoline was Mr. Saddletree when he was at hame? It wasna in his self-assumed profession of the law-"Give me that I thought Mr. Saddleiree could do her or ony your patience for a moment.--You'll grant that the other body muckle good or ill

, but it wad aye serve nominative case is that by which a person or thing to keep the puir thing's heart up for a wee while; and is nominated or designed, and whicn may be called let sorrow come when sorrow maun. the primary case, all others beng forined from it by “Ye're mistaen though, gudewife," said Saddlealterations of ine termination in the learned lan- tree scornfully, "for I could hae gien her great satisguages, and by prepositions in our modern Babylo- faction; I could hae proved to her that her sister wag nian jargons You'll grant me that, I suppose, Mr. indicted upon the statute sax teen hundred and ninety, Saddletree ?!

chapter one-For the mair ready prevention of child"I dinna ken whether I will or no-ad avisandum, murder--for concealing her pregnancy, and giving no Fe ken-naebody should be in a hurry to make admis account of the child which she had borne." sions, either in point of law, or in point of fact,” said " I hope," said Butler, -" I trust in a gracious God Saddletree, looking, or endeavouring to look, as if he that she can clear herself.". understood what was said.

“ And sae do I, Mr. Butler," replied Mrs. Saddle“And the dative case,'' continued Butler

tree. "I am sure I wad hae answered for her as my " I ken what a tutor dative is," said Saddletree, ain daughter; but, wae's my heart, I had been tender readily enough."

a' the simmer, and scarce ower the door u' my room " The dative case," resumed the grammarian, "is for iwal weeks. And as for Mr. Saddletree, he might that in which any thing is given or assigned as pro- be in a lying-in hospital, and ne'er find out what the perly belonging to a person, or thing-You cannot women cam there for. Sae I could see ligle or naedeny that, I am sure.'

thing o' her, or I wad hae had the truth o her situa"I am sure I'll no grant i. chough,” said Saddle- tion out o' her, l' se warrant ye-But we a' think her tree.

sister maun be able to speak something to clear “Then, what the decpil d'ye take the nominative her." and the dative cases to be ?" said Butler, hastily, and "The haill Parliament House," said Saddletree, sunt rised at once out of his decency of expression and was speaking o' naething else, till this job o' Poraccuracy of pronunciation.

teous's put it out o' head- It's a beautiful point of "I'll tell you that at leisure, Mr. Butler,” said Sad- presumptive murder, and there's been pane like it in dlet ree, with a very knowing look; "I'll take a day the Justiciar Court since the case of Luckie Smith to sce and answer every article of your condescend- the howdie, that suffered in the year saxteen hundred ence, and then I'll hold you to confess or deny, as and seventy-nine." accords."

But what's the matter wi' you, Mr. Butler ?" said * Come, come, Mr. Saddletree,” said his wife, the good woman; "ye are looking as white as a * we'll hae nae confessions and condescendences sheet; will ye take a dram ?" here, let them deal in thae sort o'wares that are paid By no means," said Butler, compelling himself to for them-they suit the like o’us as ill as a demipique speak. "I walked in from Dumfries yesterday, and saddle would set a draught ox.

this is a warm day." “ Aha!” said Mr. Butler, " Optat ephippia bos pi- Sit down," said Mrs. Saddletree, laying hands on ger, nothing new under the sun-But it was a fair him kindly, "and rest ye-ye'll kill yoursell, man, at hit of Mrs. Saddletree, however."

that rate - And are we to wish you joy o' getting the And it wad far better become ye, Mr. Saddletree," scule, Mr. Butler ?" continued his helpmate," since ye say ve hae skeel o' Yes--no-I do not know," answered the young the law, to try if ye can do ony thing for Ethe Deans, man vaguely. But Mrs. Saddletree kept him to the puir thing, that's lying op in the tolbooth yonder, point, partly out of real interest

, partly from curiosity. cauld, and hungry, and comfortless-d servanı lass "Ye dinna ken whether ye are to get the free scule of ours, Mr. Butler, and as innocent a lass, to my o' Dumfries or no, after hinging on and teaching it a' thinking, and as usefu' in the chop-When Mr. Sad- the simmer ?" dletree gangs out, and ye're aware he's seldom at No, Mrs. Saddletree-I am not to have it," rehame when there's ony o''the plea-houses open,--pyir plied Butler, more collectedly. "The Laird of Blacka Effie used to help me to tumble the bundles o' bark-at-the-bane had a natural son bred to the kirk, that ened leather up and down, and range out the gudes, the presbytery could not be prevailed upon to license and suit a' body's humours-And troth, she could aye and so"please the customers wi' her answers, for she was aye Ay, ye need say nae mair about it; if there was civil, and a bonnier lass wasna in auld Reekie. And a laird that had a puir kinsman or a bastard that it when folk were hasty and unreasonable, she could wad suit, there's eneugh said.- And ye're e'en come serve them better than me, that an no sae young as back to Libberton to wait for dead men's shoon ?I hae been, Mr. Butler, and a wee bit short in the and, for as frail as Mr. Whackbairn is he may live semper into the bargain. For wlien there's ower as lang as you, that are his assistant and succesmony folks crying on me at anes, and nane but ae sor." tongue to answer them, folk maun speak hastily, or "Very like,” replied Butler with a sigh; "I do not they'll neer get through their wark-Sae I miss El- know iť I should wish it otherwise." fie daily."

"Nae doubt it's a very vexing thing," coutinued "De die in diem," added Saddletree.

the good lady, "to be in that dependant station; and "I think,' said Butler, after a good deal of hesita- you that hae right and lite to sae muckle better, I țion, “I have seen the girl in the shop-a modest wonder how ye bear these crosses.' looking, fair-haired girl ?"

Quos diligit castigat," answered Butler; "even Ay, ay, that's just puir Effie,” said her mistress. the pagan Seneca could see an advantage in affliction. "How she was abandoned to hersell, or whether she The Heathens had their philosophy, and the Jews was sackless o' the sinfu' deed, God in Heaven knows; their revelation, Mrs. Saddletree, and they endured but if she's been guilty, she's been sair tempted, and their distresses in their day. Christians have a better I wad amnist take my Bible-aith she hasna been her- dispensation than either-but doubtless"sell at the time."

He stopped and sighed. Butler had by this time become much agitated; he "I ken what you mean,” said Mrs. Saddletree, fidgeted up and down the shop, and showed the looking toward her husband; "there's whiles we greatest agitation that a person of such strict deco- lose patience in spite of baith book and Pible--RW

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ye are no' gaun awa, and looking sae poorly-ye'll

CHAPTER VI.v. stay and take some kail wi' us?"

But up then raise all Edinburgh, Mr. Saddletree laid aside Balfour's Practiques,

'They all rose up hy thousands three. (his favourite study, and much good may it do him,)

Johnnie Armstrang's Goodnight to join in his wife's hospitable importunity. But the BUTLER, on his departure from the sign of the teacher declined all entreaty, and took his leave upon Golden Nag, went in quest of a friend of his conthe spot.

nected with the law, of whom he wished to make "There's something in a' this," said Mrs. Saddle- particular inquiries concerning the circumstances in tree, looking after him as he walked up the street which the unfortunate young woman mentioned in "I wonder what makes Mr. Butler sae distressed the last chapter was placed, having, as the reader has about Effie's misfortune-there was nae acquaintance probably already conjectured, reasons much deeper atween them that ever I saw or heard of; but they than those dictated by mere humanity, for interesting were neighbours when David Deans was on the himself in her fate. He found the person he sought Laird o' Dumbiedikes' land. Mr. Butler wad ken absent from home, and was equally unfortunate in her father, or some o' her folk.-Get up, Mr. Saddle- one or two other calls which he made upon acquaint tree-ye have set yoursell down on the very brecham ances whom he hoped to interest in her story. But that wants stitching and here's little Willie, the every body was, for the moment, stark-mad on the prentice. --- Ye little rin-there-out deil that ye are, what subject of Porteous, and engaged busily in attacking takes you raking through the gutters to see folk han- or defending the measures of government in repriev. git ?--how wad ye like when it comes to be your ain ing him; and the ardour of dispute had excited such chance, as I winna ensure ye, if ye dinna mend your universal thirst, that half the young lawyers and wrimanners ?-And what are ye maundering and greet- ters, together with their very clerks, the class whom ing for, as if a word were breaking your banes ?- Butler was looking after, had adjourned the debate to Gang in by, and be a better bairn another time, and some favourite tavern. It was computed by an extell Peggy to gie ye a bicker o' broth, for ye'll be as perienced arithmetician, that there was as much twogleg as a gled, I'se warrant ye.--It's a fatherless penny ale consumed on the discussion as would have bairn, Mr. Saddletree, and motherless, whilk in some foated a first-rate man-of-war. cases may be waur, and ane would take care o' him Butler wandered about until it was dusk, resolving if they could-it's a Christian duty."

to take that opportunity of visiting the unfortunate “Very true, gudewife," said Saddletree, in reply, young woman, when his doing so might be least we are in loco parentis to him during his years of observed ; for he had his own reasons for avoiding pupillarity, and I hae had thoughts of applying to the the remarks of Mrs. Saddletree, whose shop-door Court for a commission as factor loco tutoris, seeing opened at no great distance from that of the jail, there is nae tutor nominate, and the tutor-at-law though on the opposite or south side of the street, and declines to act; but only I fear the expense of the a little higher up. He passed, therefore, through the procedure wad pot be in rem ressam, for I am not narrow and partly covered passage leading from the aware if Willie has ony effects whereof to assume the north-west end of the Parliament Square. administration."

He stood now before the Gothic entrance of the He concluded this sentence with a self-important ancient prison, which, as is well known to all men, cough, as one who has laid down the law in an indis-rears its ancient front in the very middle of the High putable manner.

Street, forming, as it were, the termination to a huge Effects!" said Mrs. Saddletree, “what effects has pile of buildings called the Luckenbooths, which, for the puir wean ?--he was in rags when his mother some inconceivable reason, our ancestors had jammed died; and the blue polonie that Effie made for him into the midst of the principal street of the town,

leavout of an auld mantle of my ain, was the first decent ing for passage a narrow street on the north, and on dress the bairn ever had on. Puir Effie! can ye tell the south, into which the prison opens, a narrow me now really, wi' a' your law, will her life be in dan- crooked lane, winding betwixt the high and sombre ger, Mr. Saddletree, when they arena able to prove walls of the Tolbooth and the adjacent houses on the that ever there was a bairn ava?"

one side, and the buttresses and projections of the old "Whoy," said Mr. Saddletree, delighted at having Cathedral upon the other. To give some gayety to for once in his life seen his wife's attention arrested this sombre passage, (well known by the name of the by a topic of legal discussion-"Whoy, there are two Krames,) a number of sittle booths, or shops, after sorts of murdrum, or murdragium, or what you the fashion of cobblers' stalls, are plastered, as it populariter et vulgariter call murther. I mean there were, against the Gothic projections and abutments, are many sorts; for there's your murthrum, per rigi- so that it seemed as if the traders had occupied with lias et insidias, and your murthrum under trust.' nests, bearing the same proportion to the building,

"I am sure," replied his moiety," that murther by every buttress and coign of vantage, as the martlet trust is the way that the gentry murther us merchants, did in Macbeth's Castle. Of later years these booths and whiles makes us shut the booth up-but that has have degenerated into mere toy-shops, where the litnaething to do wi' Effie's misfortune."

tle loiterers chiefly interested in such wares are "The case of Effe (or Euphemia) Deans," resumed tempted to linger, enchanted by the rich display of Saddletree, "is one of those cases of murder presump- hobby-horses, babies, and Dutch toys, arranged in tive, that is, a murder of the law's inferring or con- artful and gay confusion ; yet half scared by the cross struction, being derived from certain indicia or looks of the 'withered pantaloon, or spectacled old grounds of suspicion.'

lady, by whom these tempting stores are watched and "So that," said the good woman, "unless pnir superintended. But, in the times we write of, the Effie has communicated her situation, she'll be hosiers, the glovers, the hatters, the mercers, the milhanged by the neck, if the bairn was still-born, or if liners, and all who dealt in the miscellaneous wares it be alive at this moment ?"

now termed haberdasher's goods, were to be found "Assuredly," said Saddletree, "it being a statute in this narrow alley. Inade by our sovereign Lord and Lady, to prevent the To return from our digression. Butler found the horrid delict of bringing forth children in secret - The outer turnkey, a tall

, thin, old man, with long silver crime is rather a favourite of the law, this species of hair, in the act of locking the outward door of the murther being one of its ain creation."

jail. He addressed himself to this person, and asked "Then, if the law makes murders," said Mrs. Sad- admittance to Effie Deans, confined upon accusation dletrce. the law should be hanged for them; or if of child-murder. The turnkey looked at him earnestthey wad hang a lawyer instead, the country wadly, and, civilly touching his hat out of respect to Butfind nae faur."

ler's black coat and clerical appearance, replied, “I! A summons to their frugal dinner interrupted the was impossible any one could be admitted at present." further progress of the conversation, which was other- "You shut up earlier than usual, probably on ac wise like to take a turn much less favourable to the count of Captain Porieous's affair?" said Butler. science of jurisprudence and its professors, than Mr. The turnkey, with the true mystery of a person in Bartoline Saddletree, the fond admirer of both, had office, gave two grave nods, and withdrawing from at its opening anticipated.

the wards a ponderous key of about two frent 10

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