by iwe bakers, who put a Lochaber-axe into his hand. The jury, of shadowy depth, exchanged with partial brilliancy, wisely judging this poor creature could be no proper subject of which gives character even to the tamest of land given in the case of Thomas Linning, also mentioned in the scapes, the effect approaches near to enchantment Solicitor's memorial, who was tried in 1738. In short, neither This path used to be my favourite evening and mornThen, nor for a long period afterwards, was any thing discovered ing resort, when engaged with a favourite author, of

The imagination of the people of Edinburgh was loug irri- new subject of study. It is, I am informed, now tated, and their curiosity kept awake, by the mystery attend become totally impassable; a circumstance which, it ing this extraordinary conspiracy. It was generally reported of true, reflects little credit on the taste of the Good such natives of Edinburgh as, having left the city in youth, re- Town or its leaders.* turned with a fortune amassed in foreign countries, that they had originally fled on account of their shure in the Porteous

It was from this fascinating path-the scene to me Mob. But little credit can be attached to theso surmises, as in of so much delicious musing, when life was young most of the cases they are contradicted by dates, and in none and promised to be happy, that I have been unable to ordinary wish of the vulgar, to impute the success of prosperous pass it over without an episodical description-it men to come unpleasant source. The secret history of the Por was, I say, from this romantic path that Butler saw Leous Mob has been till this day unraveled, and it has always the morning arise the day after the murder of Portebcon quoted as a close, daring, and calculated act of violence, of ous. It was possible for him with ease to have found

Nevertheless, the author, for a considerable time, nourished a much shorter road to the house to which he was hopes to have found himself ennbled to throw some light on this directing his course, and, in fact, that which

he chose mysterious story. An old man, who died about twenty years was extremely

circuitous. But to compose his own ago, at the advanced age of ninety-three, was said to have made spirits, as well as to while away the time, until a death-bed, respecting tho origin of the Porteous Mob. This proper hour for visiting the family without surprise person followed the trade of a carpenter, and had been employ or disturbance, he was induced to extend his circuit ed as such on the estato of a family of opulence and condition by the foot of the rocks, and to linger upon his way His character, in his line of life and amongst his neighbours until the morning should be considerably advanced confession was said to have been to the following purpose: While, now standing with his arms across, and That he was one of twelve young men belonging to the village waiting the slow progress of the sun above the hori the execution of Wilson, was so extreme, that they resolved zon, now sitting upon one of the numerous fragments he should escape punishment. With this resolution they crossed him, he is meditating, alternately, upon the horrible to execute vengeance on him

with their own hands, rather than which storms had detached from the rocks above the Forth at different ferries, and rendezvoused at the suburb catastrophe which he had witnessed, and upon the numbers around them. The public mind was in such a state melancholy, and to him most interesting, news which of irritation, that it only wanted a single spark to create an ex: he had learned at Saddletree's, we will give the plosion; and this was atřorded by the exertions of the small and reader to understand who Butler was, and how

his fate doteronined band of associates. The appearance of premedita. was connected with that of Effie Deans, the unfortuaccount, had its origin, not in any previous plan or conspiracy, nate hand-maiden of the careful Mrs. Saddletree. but in the character of those who were engaged in it. The story

Reuben Butler was of English extraction, though also serves to show wliy nothing of the origin of the riot has born in Scotland. His grandfather was a trooper in ever been discovered, since, though in itself a great conflagra: Monk's army, and one of the party of dismounted tion, its source, according to this account, was from an obscure dragoons which formed the forlorn hope at the storm

I have been disappointed, however, in obtaining the cvidence ing of Dundee in 1651. Stephen Butler (called, from on which

this story rests. The present proprietor of the estate his talents in reading and expounding, Scripture Steon which the old man died, (a particular friend of the author phen, and Bible Butler) was a stanch independent This person follows his father's trade, and holds the employ: and received in its fullest comprehension the

promise ment of carpenter to the same family. He adinits, that his that the saints should inherit the earth. As hard father's going abroad at the time of the Porteous Mob was knocks were what had chiefly fallen to his share but adds, that, so far as is known to him, the old man had never hitherto in the division of this common property, he made any confession to that effect, and, on the contrary, had lost not the opportunity which the storm and plunder uniformly denied being present. My kind friend, therefore, had of a commercial place afforded him, to appropriate as recourse to a person from whom he had formerly heard the story large a share of the better things of this world as he failure of his own, happened to have forgotten that ever

such a could possibly compass. It would seem that he had communication was made. So my obliging correspondent

(who succeeded indifferently well, for his exterior circumis a fox-hunter) wrote to me that he was completely planted : stances appeared, in consequence of this event, to and all that can be said with respect to the tradition is, that it have been much mended. certainly once existed, and was generally believed

The troop to which he belonged was quartered at

the village of Dalkeith, as forming the body guard of CHAPTER VIII.

Monk, who, in the capacity of general for the Com

monwealth, resided in the neighbouring castle. When, Arthur's Seat shall be my bed, "The sheets shall ne'er be press'd by me;

on the eve of the Restoration, the general commenced St. Anton's well shall be my drink,

his march from Scotland, a measure pregnant with Sin' my true love's forsaken me. Old Song. such important consequences, he new-modelled his If I were to choose a spot from which the rising or troops, and more especially those immediately about setting sun could be seen to the greatest possible ad- his person, in order that they might consist entirely vantage, it would be that wild path winding around of individuals devoted to himself. On this occasion the foot of the high belt of semi-circular rocks, called Scripture Stephen was weighed in the balance, and Salisbury Crags, and marking the verge of the steep found wanting. It was supposed he felt no call to descent which slopes down into the glen on the south- any expedition which might endanger the reign of eastern side of the city of Edinburgh. The prospect, the military sainthood, and that he did not consider in its general outline, commands a close-built, high- himself as free in conscience to join with any party piled city, stretching itself out beneath in a form, which might be likely ultimately to acknowledge

the which, to a romantic imagination, may be supposed interest of Charles Stewart, the son of "the last to represent that of a dragon ; now, a noble arm of man,” as Charles I. was familiarly and irreverently the sea, with its rocks, işles, distant shores, and boun- termed by them in their common discourse, as well dary of mountains; and now, a fair and fertile cham- as in their more elaborate predications and harangues paign country, varied with hill, dale, and rock, and as the time did not admit of cashiering such dissi. ekinted by the picturesque ridge of the Pentland Moun- dents, Stephen Butler was only advised in a friendly tains. But as the path gently circles around the base way to give up his horse and accoutrements to one of of the cliffs, the

prospect, composed as it is of these Middleton's old troopers, who possessed an accomenchanting and sublime objects, changes at every modating conscience of a military stamp, and which stez,, and presents them blended wil, or divided from, squared itself chiefly upon those of the

colonel and each cther, in every possible variety which can gratify paymaster. As this hìnt came recommended by a the eye and she imagination. When a piece of scenery 60 Leautiful, yet so varied,---so exciting by its intrí- forme de around these romantic rocks, and the author has the

A beautiful and solid pathway has, within a few years, been cary, and yet so sublime-is lighted up by the tints plensure to think, that the passage in the text gave rise to the *morning or of evening, and displays all that variety I undertaking.

certain sum of arrears presently payable, Stephen had Even so it befell when the additional "prestations" camal wisdom enough to embrace the proposal, and came to be demanded of Benjamin Butler. A man with great indifference saw his

old corps depart for of few words, and few ideas, but attached to Beer Coldstream, on their route for the south, to establish sheba with a feeling like that which a vegetable en. the tottering government of England on a new basis. tertains to the spot in which

it chances to be planted, The zone of the ex-trooper, to use Horace's phrase, he neither remonstrated with the Laird, nur endeawas weighty enougn to purchase a cottage and two voured to escape from him, but toiling night and day or three fields, (still known by the name of Beer- to accomplish the terms of his task-master, fell into sheba,) within about a Scottish mile of Dalkeith; a burning fever and died. His wife did not long surand there did Stephen establish himself with a youth vive him; and, as if it had been the fate of this faful helpmate, chosen out of the said village, whose mily to be left orphans, our Reuben Butler was, about disposition to a comfortable settlement on this side the year 1704-5, left in the same circumstances in of the grave reconciled her to the gruff manners, se- which his father had been placed, and under the same rious temper, and weather-beaten features of the guardianship, being that of his grandmother, the wimartial

enthusiast, Stephen did not long survive dow of Monk's old trooper. the falling on "evil days and evil

tongues," of which The same prospect of misery hung over the liead Milton, in the same predicament, so mournfully com- of another tenant of this hard-hearted lord of the plains. At his death his consort remained an early soil. This was a tough true-blue Presbyterian, called widow, with a male child of three years old, which, Deans, who, though most obnoxions to the Laird on in the sobriety wherewith it demeaned itself, in the account of principles in church and state, contrived old-fashioned and even grim cast of its features, and to maintain his ground upon the estate by regular in its sententious mode of expressing itself, would payment of mail-duties, kain, arriage, carriage, dry sufficiently have yindicated the honour of the widow multure, lock, gowpen, and knaveship, and all the of Beersheba, had any one thought proper to chal- various exactions now conmuted for money, and lenge the babe's descent from Bible Butler.

summed up in the emphatic word RENT. But the Butler's principles had not descended to his family, years 1700 and 1701, long remembered in Scotland for or extended themselves among his neighbours. The dearth and general distress, subdued the stout heart air of Scotland was alien to the growth of indepen- of the agricultural whig. Citations by the grounddency, however favourable to fanaticism under other officer, decreets of the Baron Court, sequestrations, colours. But, nevertheless, they were not forgotten; poindings of outsight and insight plenishing, flew and a certain neighbouring laird, who piqued himself about his ears as fast as ever the tory bullets whistled upon the loyalty of his principles "in the worst of around those of the Covenanters at Pentland, Bothtimes,” (though I never heard they exposed him to well Brigg, or Airsmoss. Struggle as he mighi, and more peril than that of a broken head or a night's he struggled gallantly, "Douce David Deans" was lodging in the main guard, when wine and cavalier- routed horse and foot, and lay at the mercy of his Isin predominated in his upper story) had found it a grasping landlord just at the time that Benjamin convenient thing to rake up all matter of accusation Butler died. The fate of each family was anticipated; against the deceased Stephen. In this enumeration but they who prophesied their expulsion to beggary his religious principles made no small figure, as, in- and ruin, were disappointed by an accidental circumdeed, they must have seemed of the most exagge- stance, rated enormity to one whose own were so small and On the very term-day when their ejection should so faintly traced as to be well nigh imperceptible. have taken place, when all their neighbours were In these circumstances, poor widow Butler was sup- prepared to pity, and not one to assist them, the miplied with her full proportion of fines for non-con- nister of the parish, as well as a doctor from Edinformity, and all the other oppressions of the time, burgh, received a hasty summons to attend the Laird until Beersheba was fairly wrenched out of her hands, of Dumbiedikes. Both were surprised, for his con and became the property of the Laird who had so tempt for both faculties had been pretty commonly wantonly, as it had hitherto appeared, persecuted his theme over an extra bottle, that is to say, at least this poor forlorn woman, When his purpose was once every day. The leech for the soul, and he for fairly achieved, he showed some remorse or modera- the body, alighted in the court of the little old manor tion, or whatever the reader may please to term it, in house at almost the same time, and when they had permitting her to occupy her husband's cottage, and gazed a moment at each other with some surprise, cultivate, on no very heavy terms, a croft of land ad- they in the same breath expressed their conviction jacent. Her son, Benjamin, in the meanwhile, grew that Dumbiedikes must

needs be very ill indeed, since up o man's estate, and, moved by that impulse which he summoned them both to his presence at once. makes men seek marriage, even when its end can Ere the servant could usher them to his apartment anly be the perpetuation of misery, he wedded and the party was augmented by a man of law, Nichil brought a wife, and eventually, a son, Reuben, to Novit, writing himself procurator before the Sheriffshare the poverty of Beersheba.

court, for in those days there were no solicitors. This The Laird of Dumbiedikes* had hitherto been latter personage was first summoned to the apartmoderate in his exactions, perhaps because he was ment of the Laird, where, after some sl ort space, the ashamed to tax too highly the miserable means of soul-curer and the body-curer were invited to join support which remained to the widow Butler. But him. when a stout active young fellow appeared as the la- Dumbiedikes had been by this time transported in bourer of the croft in question, Dumbiedikes began to the best bedroom, used only upon occasions of to think so broad a pair of shoulders might bear an death and marriage, and called, from the former of additional burden. Heregulated, indeed, his manage these occupations, the Dead-Room. There were in ment of his dependents (who fortunately were but few this apartment, besides the

sick person himself and in number) much upon the principle of the carters Mr. Novit, the son and heir of the patient, a tal! whom he observed loading their carts at a neigh- gawky silly-looking boy of fourteen or fifteen, and a bouring coal-hill, and who never failed to clap an ad-housekeeper, a good buxom figure of a woman, beditional brace of hundred-weights on their burden, so twixt forty and fifty, who had kept the keys and ma soon as by any means they had compassed a new naged matters at Dumbiedikes since the lady's death norse of somewhat superior strength to that which It was to these attendants that Dumbiedikes address bad broken down the day before. However reason- ed himself pretty nearly in the following words; tem able this practice appeared to the Laird of Dumbie-poral and spiritual matters, the care of his health and dikes, he ought to have observed that it may be over- his affairs, being strangely jumbled in a head which done, and that it infers, as a matter of course, the was never one of the clearest. destruction and loss of both horse, cart, and loading. "These are sair umes wi' me, gentlemen and neigh

* Dumbiedikes, selected as descriptive of the taciturn charac bours! amaist as ill as at the aughty-nine, when i ter of the imaginary owner, is really the name of a house bor was rabbled by the collegeaners.t-They mistook me dering on the King's Park, 60 called because the late Mr. Braidwood, aa instructor of the deaf and dumb, resided there with + Immediately previous to the Rovogsion, the students at le his pupils The situntion of the real house is different from that Edinburgh College were violent anti-catholics. They wer waigned to the ideal mapaion.

strongly suspected of burning the house of Priestfield, belonging

a papust_bit about me minister, Jock, yel fake ceeded, as an old tyrant proves often too strong


muckle-they ca'd me a papist, but there was never bosom he had so long possessed; and he partiy suc. warningit's debt we , and there stands Nichil Novit that will tell ye I was never “I canna do't," he answered, with a voice of do. gude at paying debts in my life. -Mr. Novit, ye'll no spair. "It would kill me to do'-how can ye bid forget to draw the annual rent that's due on the yerl's me pay back siller, when ye ken how I want it? or band-if I pay debt to other folk, I think they suld dispone Beersheba, when it lies .ae weel into my ain pay it to me--ihat equals aquals.-Jock, when ye hae plaid-nuik? Nature made Dumbiedikes and Beer naething else to do, ye may be aye sticking

in a tree; sheba to be ae man's land-She did, by it will be growing, Jock, when ye're sleeping.* My Nichil, it wad kill me to part them.", father tauld me sae forty years sin', but i ne'er fand "But ye maun die whether or no, Laird," said Mr time to mind him-Jock, ne'er drink brandy in the Novit; "and maybe ye wad die easier-it's but try. morning, it files the stamach sair; gin ye take a ing. I'll scroll the disposition in nae time." morning's draught, let it be aqua mirabilis; Jenny Dinna speak o't, sir," replied Dumbiedikes, or there makes it weel.-Doctor, my breath is gļowing I'll fling the stoup at your head.-But, Jock, lad, ye as scant as a broken-winded piper's, when he has see how the warld warstles wi' me on my deathbed played for four-and-twenty hours at a penny-wedding. 1 - be kind to the puir creatures the Deanses and the -Jenny, pit the cod aneath my head-but it's a needl. Butlers--be kind to them, Jock. Dinna let the warld less !-- Mass John, could ye think o' rattling ower get a grip o' ye, Jock--but keep the gear thegither! some bit short prayer, it wad do me gude maybe, and and whate'er ye do, dispone Beersheba at no late, keep some queer thoughts out o' my head. Say some- Let the creatures stay at a moderate mailing, and thing, man.

hae bite and soup; it will maybe be the better wi' "I cannot use a prayer like a rat-rhyme," answered your father where he's, gaun, lad." the honest clergyman; "and if you would have your After these contradictory instructions, the Laird soul redeemed like a prey from the fowler, Laird, you felt his mind so much at ease, that he drank three must needs show me your state of mind.

bumpers of brandy continuously, and "soughed "And shouldna ye ken that without my telling awa, as Jenny expressed it, in an attempt to sing you ?" answered the patient. “What have I been "Deil stick the minister." paying stipend and tiend parsonage and vicarage for, His death made a revolution in favour of the dis ever sin' the aughty-nine, and I canna get a spell of tressed families. John Dumbie, now

of Dumbiedikes, & prayer for't, the only time I ever asked for ane in in his own right, seemed to be close and selfish enough; my life?-Gang awa wi' your whiggery, if that's a' but wanted the grasping spirit and active mind of his ye can do; auld Curate Kilstoup wad hae read hall father; and his guardian happened to agree with him the Prayer-book to me by this time-Awa wi' ye!. in opinion, that his father's dying recommendation Doctor, let's see if ye can do ony thing better for me." should be attended to. The tenants, therefore, were

The doctor, who had obtained some information not actually turned out of doors among the snow in the meanwhile from the housekeeper on the state wreaths, and were allowed wherewith to procure butof his complainis, assured him that medical art could ter-milk and peas-bannocks, which they eat under the not prolong his life many hours.

full force of the original malediction. The cottage of Then damn Mass John and you baith!" cried the Deans, called Woodend, was not very distant from furious and intractable patient. "Did ye come here that at Beersheba. Formerly there had been little infor naething but to tell me that ye canna help me at tercourse between the families. Deans was a sturdy the pinch? Out wi' them, Jenny-out o' the house! Scotchman, with all sort of prejudices against the and, Jock, my curse, and the curse of Cromwell, go southern, and the spawn of the southern. Moreover, wi'ye, if ye gie them either fee or bountith, or sae Deans was, as we have said, a stanch presbyterian, muckle as a black pair o'cheverons!"'+

of the most rigid and unbending adherence to what The clergyman and doctor niade a speedy retreat he conceived to be the only possible straight line, as out of the apartment, while Dumbiedikes fell into he was wont to express himself, between right-hand one of those transports of violent and profane lan- heats and extremes

, and left-hand defections; and, guage, which had procured him the surname of therefore, he held in high dread and horror all indeDamn-me-dikes.--"Bring me the brandy

hottle, Jen- pendents, and whomsoever he supposed allied to ny, ye bhe cried, with a voice in which passion them. contended with pain. I can die as I have lived, But, notwithstanding these national prejudices and without fashing ony o' them. But there's ae thing," religious professions, Deans and the widow Butler he said, sinking his voice-"there's ae fearful thing were placed in such a situation, as naturally and at hings about my heart, and an anker of brandy winna length created some intimacy between the families. wash it away.-The Deanses at Woodend!-I se- They had shared a common danger and a mutual de questrated them in the dear years, and now they liverance. They needed each other's assistance, like are to flit, they'll starve-and that Beersheba, and a company, who, crossing a mountain stream, are that auld trooper's wife and her oe, they'll starve compelled to cling close together, lest the current they'll starve :-Look out, Jock; what kind o' night should be too powerful for any who are not thus supis't?"

ported. "On-ding o' snaw, father," answered Jock, after On nearer acquaintance, too, Deans abated some naving opened the window and looked out with great of his prejudices. He found old Mrs. Butler, though composure.

not thoroughly

grounded in the extent and bearing of "They'll perish in the drifts !" said the expiring the real testimony against the defections of the times sinner--" they'll perish wi' cauld !—but I'll be het had no opinions in favour of the independent party, eneugh, gin a' tales be true."

neither was she an English woman. Therefore, it This last observation was made under breath, was to be hoped, that, though she was the widow of and in a tone

which made the very attorney shudder. an enthusiastic corporal of Cromwell's dragoons, her He tried his hand at ghostly advice, probably for the grandson might be neither schismatic por anti-nafirst tine in his life, and recommended, as an opiate tional, two qualities concerning which Goodman for the agonized conscience of the Laird, reparation Deans had as wholesome a terror as against papists of the injuries he had done to these distressed fa- and malignants. Above all, (for Douce Davie Deans milies, which, he observed by the way, the civil law had his weak side,) he perceived that widow Butler called restitutio in integrum. But Mammon was looked up to him with reverence, listened to his adstruggling with Remorse for retaining his place in a vice, and compounded for an occasional Aling at the to the word Provost; and certainly were guilty of creating con- have seen,

she was by no means warmly attached, in

doctrines of her deceased husband, to which, as we The author has been flattered by the assurance, that this consideration of the valuable counsels which the naive mode of recommending arboriculture which was actually presbyterian afforded her for the management of her heath bed, to his son) had so much weight with a Scottish early may do otherwise in England, neighbour Butler, for

they un to lead to his planting a large tract of country. • Creperms-gloves.

aught I ken;" or " it may be different in foreign parts ;" or, " they wha think differently on the great | as their prerogative to extend to the weaker. But Foundation of our covenanted reformation, overturn- when, seated on the benches of the school-house, ing and mishguggling


the government

and discipline they began to con their lessons together, Reuben of the kirk, and breaking down the carved work of who was as much superior to Jeanie Deans in acute our Zion, might be for sawing the craft wi' aits; but ness of intellect, as inferior to her in firmness of con I say pease, pease." And as his advice was shrewd stitution, and in that insensibility to fatigue and and sensible, though conceitedly given, it was receiv- danger which depends on the conformation of the ed with gratitude, and followed with respect. nerves, was able fully to requite the kindness and

The intercourse which took place betwixt the fami- countenance with which, in other circumstances, lies at Beersheba and Woodend, became strict and she used to regard him. He was decidedly the best intimate, at a very early period, betwixt Reuben But- scholar at the little parish

school; and so gentle was ler, with whom the reader is already in some degree his temper and disposition, that he was rather adacquainted, and Jeanie Deans, the only child of Douce mired than envied by the little

mob who occupied the Davie Deans by his first wife," that singular Chris- poisy mansion, although he was the declared favourtian woman," as he was wont to express himself

, ite of the master. Several girls, in particular, (for in * whose name was savoury to all that knew her for a Scotland they are taught with the boys,) longed to desirable professor, Christian Menzies in Hochmagir- be kind to, and comfort the sickly lad, who was so dle." The manner of which intimacy, and the con- much cleverer than his companions. The character sequences thereof, we now proceed to relate. of Reuben Butler was so calculated as to offer scopo

both for their sympathy and their admiration, the feel

ings perhaps, through which the female sex (the more CHAPTER IX.


part of them at least) is more easily attached.

But Reuben, naturally reserved and distant, imReuben and Rachel, though as fond as doves,

proved none of these advantages; and only became Were yet discreet and cautious in their loves,

more attached to Jeanie Deans, as the enthusiastic Nor would attend to Cupid's wild commands Till cool rettection bade them join their hands,

approbation of his master assured him of fair prosWhen both were poor, they thought it argued ilf pects in future life, and awakened his ambition. or hasty love to make thein poorer still. CRABBE'S Parish Register.

In the meantime, every advance that Reuben made

in learning (and, considering his opportunities, they While widow Butler and widower Deans struggled were uncommonly great) rendered him less capable with poverty, and the hard and steril soil of those of attending to the domestic duties of his grandmo"parts and portions" of the lands of Dumbiedikes ther's farm. While studying the pons asinorum in which it was their lot to occuliy, it became gradually Euclid, he suffered every quddie upon the common to apparent that Deans was to gain the strife, and his trespass upon a large field of pease belonging to the ally in the conflict was to lose it. The former was a Laird, and nothing but the active exertions of Jeanie man, and not much past the prime of life-Mrs. But- Deans, with her little dog Dustiefoot, could have ler a woman, and declined into the vale of years. saved great loss and consequent punishment. Simi. This indeed, ought in time to have been

balanced by lar miscarriages marked his progress in his classical the circumstance, that Reuben was growing up to as- studies. He read Virgil's Georgics till he did not sist his grandmother's labours, and that Jeanie Deans, know bear from barley; and had nearly destroyed as a girl, could be only supposed to add to her father's the crofts of Beersheba, while attempting to cultivate burdens. But Douce Davie Deans knew better things, them according to the practice of Columella and and so schooled and trained the young minion, as he Cato the Censor. called her, that from the time she could walk, up- These blunders occasioned grief to his grand-dame, wards, she was daily employed in some task or other and disconcerted the good opinion which her neighsuitable to her age and capacity; a circumstance bour, Davie Deans, had for some time entertained of which, added to her father's daily instructions and Reuben. lectures, tended to give her mind, even when a child, "I see naething, ye can make of that silly callant, a grave, serious, firm, and reflecting cast. An uncom neighbour Butler," said he to the old lady, "unless monly strong and healthy temperament, free from all ye train him to the wark o' the ministry. And ne'er nervous affection and every other irregularity, which, was there mair need of poorfu' preachers than e'en attacking the body in its more noble functions, so now in these cauld Gallio days, when men's hearts often influences the mind, tended greatly to establish are hardened like the nether-mill-stone, till they come this fortitude, simplicity, and decision of character. to regard none of these things. It's evident this puin

On the other hand, Reuben was weak in constitu- callant of yours will never be able to do an usefur tion, and, though not timid in temper, might be safe-day's wark, unless it be as an ambassador from our Jy pronounced anxious, doubtful, and apprehensive. master; and I will make it my business to procure a He partook of the temperament of his mother, who license when he is fit for the same, trusting he will had died of a consumption in early age. He was a be a shaft cleanly polished, and meet to be used in pale, thin, feeble, sickly boy, and somewhat lame, the body of the kirk; and that he shall not turn again, from an accident in early youth. He was, besides, like the sow, to wallow in the mire of heretical ex the child of a doting grandmother, whose too solicit-tremes and defections, but shall have the wings of a ous attention to him soon taught him a sort of diffi- dove, though he hath lain among the pois." dence in himself, with a disposition to overrate his The poor widow gulped down the affront to her own importance, which is one of the very worst con- husband's principles, implied in this caution, and sequences that children deduce from over-indulgence. hastened to take Butler from the High School, and

Still, however, the two ohildren clung to each encourage him in the pursuit of mathematics and di other's society, not more from habit than from taste. vinity, the only physics and ethics that chanced to be They herded together the handful of sheep, with the in fashion at the time. two or three cows, which their parents turned out Jeanie Deans was now compelled to part from the rather to seek food than actually to feed upon the companion of her labour, her study, and her pastime, unenclosed common of Dumbiedikes. It was there and it was with more than childish feeling that both that the two urchins might be seen seated beneath a children regarded the separation. But they were blooming bush of whin, their little faces laid close young, and hope was high, and they separated like together under the shadow of the same plaid drawn those who hope to meet again at a more auspicious. over both their heads, while the landscape around hour. was embrowned by, an overshadowing cloud, big While Reuben Butler was acquiring at the Univer with the shower which had driven the children to sity of St. Andrews the knowledge necessary for a shelter. On other occasions they went together to clergyman, and macerating his body with the privaschool, the boy receiving that encouragement and tions which were necessary in seeking food for his example from his companion, in crossing the little mind, his grand-dame became daily less able to strung brooks which intersected their path, and encountering gle with her little farm, and was at length obliged to cattle, dogs, and other perils, upon their journey, throw it up to the new Laird of Dumbiedikes. That which the male sex in such cases usually consider it I great personage was no absolutu Jew, and did nos. Vol. ni.


cheat her in making the bargain more than was tole- | rather too stoudly made for her size, had gray eyes, rable. He even gave her permission to tenant the light-coloured hair, a round good-humoured face, house in which she had lived with her husband, as much tanned with the sun, and her only peculiar long as it should be "tenantable;" only he protested charm was an air of inexpressible serenity, which a against paying for a farthing of repairs, any benevo- good conscience, kind feelings, contented temper, and lence which he possessed being of the passive, but the regular discharge of all her duties, spread over her by no means of the active mood.

features. There was nothing, it may be supposed In the meanwhile, from superior shrewdness, skill

, very appalling in the form or manners of this rustic and other circumstances, some of them purely acci- heroine ; yet,

whether from sheepish bashfulness, or dental, Davie Deans gained a footing in the world, from want of decision and imperfect knowledge of the possession of some wealth, the reputation of more his own mind on the subject, the Laird of Dumbieand a growing disposition to preserve and increase dikes, with his old laced hat and empty tobacco-pipe, his store; for which, when he thought upon it seri- came and enjoyed the beatific vision of Jeanie Deans ously, he was inclined to blame himself

. From his day after day, week after week, year after year, withknowledge in agriculture, as it was then practised, out proposing to accomplish any of the prophecies

of he became a sort of favourite with the Laird, who the step-mother. had no pleasure either in active sports or in society, This good lady began to grow doubly impatient on and was wont to end his daily saunter by calling at the subject,

when, after having been some years mar the cottage of Woodend.

ried, she herself presented Douce Davie with another Being himself a man of slow ideas and confused daughter, who was named Euphemia, by corruption, utterance, Dumbiedikes used to sit or stand for half Effie. It was then that Rebecca began to turn iman hour with an old laced hat of his father's upon patient with the slow pace at which the Laird's his head, and an empty tobacco-pipe in his mouth, I wooing proceeded, judiciously

, arguing, that, as Lady with his eyes following Jeanie Deans, or "the lassię," Dumbiedikes would have but little occasion for toeher, as he called her, through the course of her daily do the principal part of her gudeman's substance would mestic

labour; while her father, after exhausting the naturally descend to the child by the second marriage subject of bestial, of ploughs, and of harrows, often Other step-dames have tried less laudable means for look an opportunity of going

full-sail into controver- clearing the way to the succession of their own childsial subjects, to which discussions the dignitary list- ren; but Rebecca, to do her justice, only sought little ened with much seeming patience, but without ma- Effie's advantage through the promotion, or which king any

reply, or, indeed, as most people thought, must have generally been accounted such, of her elder without understanding a single word of what the or- sister. She therefore tried every female art within ator was saying. Deans, indeed, denied this stoutly, the compass of her simple skill

, to bring the Laird to as an insult at once to his own talents for expounding a point; but had the mortification to perceive that hidden truths, of which he was a little vain, and to her efforts, like those of an unskilful angler, only the Laird's capacity of understanding them. He scared the trout she meant to catch. Upon one occasaid "Dumbiedikes was nane of these flashy gentles, sion, in particular, when she joked with the Laird on wi' lace on their skirts and swords at their tails, the propriety of giving a mistress to the house of that were rather for riding on horseback to hell than Dumbiedikes, he was so effectually startled, that ganging barefooted to heaven. He wasna like his neither laced hat, tobacco-pipe, por the intelligent father-nae profane company-keeper-nae swearer- proprietor of these moveables, visited Woodend for a nae drinker-nae frequenter of play-house, or music fortnight. Rebecca was therefore compelled to leave house, or dancing-house--nae Sabbath-breaker-nae the Laird to proceed at his own snail's pace, con imposer of aiths, or bonds, or denier of liberty to the vinced, by experience of the grave-digger's aphorism, flock.--He clave to the warld, and the warld's gear, that your dạil ass will not mend his pace for beating a wee ower muckle, but then there was some breath- Reuben, in the meantime, pursued his studies at ing of a gale upon his spirit," &c. &c. All this honest the university, supplying his wants by teaching the Davie said and believed.

younger lads the knowledge he himself acquired, and It is not to be supposed, that, by a father and a man thus at once gaining the means of maintaining himof sense and observation, the constant direction of the self at the seat of learning, and fixing in his mind Laird's eyes towards Jeanie was altogether ur:noticed. the elements of what he had already obtained. In This circumstance, however, made a much greater in this manner, as is usual among the poorer students pression upon another member of his family, a second of divinity at Scottish universities, he contrived

not helpmate, to wit, whom he had chosen to take to his only to maintain himself according to his simple bosom ten years after the death of his first. Some wants, but even to send considerable assistance to people were of opinion, that Douce Davie had been his sole remaining parent, a sacred duty, of which rather surprised into this step, for in general, he was the Scotch are seldom negligent. His progress in no friend to marriages or giving in marriage, and knowledge of a general kind, as well as in the studies Beemed rather to regard that state of society as a proper to his profession, was very considerable, but necessary evil,-a thing lawful, and to be tolerated in was little remarked, owing to the retired modesty of the imperfect state of our nature, but which clipped his disposition, which in no respect qualified him to the wings with which we ought to soar upwards, and set off his learning to the best advantage. And thus, tethered the soul to its mansion of clay, and the crea-had Butler been a man given to make complaints, he ture-comforts of wife and bairns. His own practice, had his tale to tell, like others, of unjust preferences however, had in this material point

varied from his bad luck, and hard usage. On these subjects, how principles, since, as we have seen, he twice knitted ever

, he was habitually silent, perhaps from modesty for himself this dangerous and ensnaring entangle- perhaps from a touch of pride, or perhaps from a con ment.

junction of both. Rebecca, nis spouse, had by no means the same He obtained his license as a preacher of the gospel horror of matrimony, and as she made marriages in with some compliments from the presbytery by whon imagination for every neighbour round, she failed not it was bestowed; but this did not lead to any prefer to indicate a match betwixt Dumbiedikes and her ment, and he found it necessary to make the cottag step-daughter Jeanie. The goodman used regularly at Beersheba his residence for some months, with no to frown and pshaw whenever this topic was touched other income than was afforded by the precarious oc upon, but usually ended by taking

his bonnet

and cupation of teaching in one or other of the neighbour walking out of the house to conceal a certain gleaming families. After having greeted his aged grand of satisfaction, which, at such a suggestion, involun- mother, his first visit was to Woodend, where he was tarily diffused itself over is austere features. received by Jeanie with warm cordiality, arising from

The more youthfui part of my readers may natu- recollections which had never been dismissed from mally ask, whether Jeanie Deans was deserving of her mind, by Rebecca with good-humoured hos this mute attention of the Laird of Dumbiedikes ; pitality, and by old Deans in a mode peculiar to and the historian, with due regard to veracity, is com himself. pelled to answer, that her personal attractions were Highly as Douce Dayie honoured the clergy, it was of no w.common description. She was short, and not upon each individual of the cloth that he be

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