« VorigeDoorgaan »
called Mackeye's regiment, levied in August 1626, by Sir Do-thrust in his hand, and fetchd with him foure and tregtia olc nald Mackeye Lord Rees Colonel, for his Majestie's service of peeces of gold,
and one angell. The servant
of the house af Denmark, and reduced
after the battle of Nerling, in Septemfirmed it appertaind to his mistres. The boy bringing the gold der 1634,' at Wormes, in the Palz: Discharged in several du- to me, I went
immedintlie to the gentlewomans
chamber, and Lies and observations of service, first, under the magnanimous told her, it was probable Lambert haveing
quarterd in' tha! wards under the 'invincible King of Sweden, during his Ma thut gold, and if so, bied as Tawfulie sementes conight have hid jestie's lifetime, and since under the Director-General, the make it appeare it belongd to her, I sould immediathe give it Rex-ChancellorOxensterne, and his Generals: Collected and her. The poore gentlewoman told me with many teares, that gathered together, at spare hours, by Colonel Robert Monro, her husband being none of the frugallest men, and indeed he as First Lieutenant under the said Regiment, to the noble and was a spendthrift, she had hid that gold without his know. worthy Captain Thomas MacKenzie of Kildon, brother to the ledge, to make use of it as she had occasion, especiallie when Die Cavaliers favouring
the laudable profession of arms. To husband'una ahe had suffera "much, not to detaine Hergola which is annexed, the Abridgement of Exercise, and divers She said, if there was either more or lesse then foure and tuentie Practical Observations for the younger Officer, his considera- whole
peeces, and two halfe ones, it sould be none of hers; and tion. Ending with the Soldier's Meditations on goi on Ser that they ut by her in a red velvet purso. After I had vice."-London, 1637
given her assureance of her gold, a new search is made, the Another worthy of the same school, and nearly the same views other angell is found, the velvet purse all gnawd in bits, as my of the military character, is Sir James Turner, a soldier of for- stockins were, and the gold
instantlie restord to the gentlewoJune, who rose to considerable rank in the reign of Charles II., man. I have oftes heard that the cating or gnawing of cloths had a command in Galloway and Dumfries-shire, for the sup. by rats is ominous, and portende some mischance to fall on pression of Conventicles, and was made prisoner by the insur- these to whom the cloths belong I thank God I was never adgent Covenanters in that rising which was followed by the dicted to such divinations, or needed them. It is true, that battle of Pentland. Sir James is a person even of superior pre- more misfortunes then one fell on me shortlie after; bot I am tensions to Lieutenant-Colonel Monro, having
written a Mili: sure I could have better forseene them myselfe then rats or any tary Treatise on the Pike Exercise, called "Pallas Armata." such vermine, and yet did it not. I have beard indeed many Moreover, he was educated at Glasgow College, though he es fine stories
told of rats, how they abandon houses and ships, caped to become an Ensign in the German wars, instead of when the first are to be burnt, and the second dround. Natural taking his degree of Master of Arts at that learned seminary. ists say they are very sagacious creatures, and I beleeve they
In latter times, he was author of several discourses on histo- are so ; bot 1 shall never be of the opinion they can forsee furical and literary subjects, from which the Bannatyne Club
have ture contingencies, which I suppose the divell himselfe can extracted and printed such passages as concern his Life
and neither forkwow nor fortell; these being things which the Al Times, under the title of "Sir James Turner's Memoirs." From mighty hath keepd hidden in the bosom of his divine presci. this curious book 1 extract the following passage, as an exam ence. And whither the great God hath preordained or predes ple of how Captain Dalgetty might have recorded such an inci tinated these things, which to us are contingent, to fall out dent had he kept a journal, or, to give it a more just character, ane uncontrollable and unavoidable necessitie, is a question not it is such as the genius of De Foe would have devised, to give yet decided." the minute and distinguishing features of truth to a ficti:ious In quoting these ancient authorities, I must not forget the narrative :
more modern sketch of a Scottish soldier of the old fashion, by Heere I will set doun ane accident befell me ; for thogh it a master-hand, in the character of Lesmahagew, since the ex was not a very strange one, yet it was a very od one in all its istence of that doughty Captain alone must deprive tha present parts. My tuo brigads lay in a village within halfe a mile of author of all claim to absolute originality, stal Dalgetty, as the Applebie, my own quarter was in a gentleman's house, who production of his own fancy, has been so far a favourite with its was a Ritmaster, and at that time with Sir Marmaduke; his parent, that he has fallen into the error of assigning to the tle being over, and Lambert farre enough, I resolved to goe to of a critic who encamps on the highest pinnacles of literature; bed everie night, haveing had fatigue enough before. The first and the author is so far fortunate in having incurred his cennight I sleepd well enough and riseing nixt morning, I misd sure, that it gives his modesty a decent apology for quoting the one linnen stockine, one halfe silke one, and one boothose, the praise, which it would have ill-befitted him to bring forward in accoustrement under a boote for one leg; neither could they be an unmingled state. The passage occurs in the Edinburgh Refound for any search. Being provided or more of the same kind, view, No. 65, containing a criticism on Ivanhoe :I made myselfe reddie, and rode to the head-quarters. At my "There is too much, perhaps, of Dalgetty, or, rather, he returne, I could heare no news of my stockins That night ! engrosses too great a proportion of the work, -for, in himself, missing the three stocking for one leg onlie, the other three being nowhere shown more
affinity to that matchless spirit who could left intire as they were the day before. A narrower search then bring out his Falstaffs and his Pistols, in act after act, and play the first was made, bot without successe. I had yet in reserve after play, and exercise them every time with scenes of un one paire of whole stockings, and a pair of boothose, greater bounded loquacity, without either exhausting their humour, or then the former. These I put on my legs. The third morning varying a note from its characteristic tone, than in his large I found the same usage, the stockins for one leg onlie left me. and reiterated
specimens of the eloquence of the
redoubted It was time for me then, and my servants too, to imagine it | Ritt-master. The general idea or the character is familiar to must be rats that had shard my stockins so inequallie with me; our comic dramatists after the Restoration and may be said in and this the mistress of the house knew well enough, but wold some measure to be compounded of Captain Fluellen and Bonot tell it me. The roome, which was a low parlour, being well budil ;-but the ludicrous combination of the soldado with the searched with candles, the top of my great boothose was found Divinity student of Mareschal College, is entirely original ; and at a hole, in which they had drawne all the rest. I went the mixture of talent, selfishness, courage, coarseness, and con abroad and ordered the boards to be raised, to see how the rats ceit,
was never so happily exemplified. Numerous as his had disposd of my moveables. The mistress sent a servant of speeches are, there is not one that is not characteristic-and, her oune to be present at this action, which she knew concernd our taste, divertingly ludicrous." her. One board being bot a little opend, a litle boy of mine ni Sir James Turner's Memoirs, Bannatyne Edition, p. 50
APPENDIX TO INTRODUCTION .
No. 1. Hğ scarcity of my late friend's poem may be an excuse for adding the spirited
conclusion of Clan Alpin's vow. The Clan Gregor has met in the ancient church of Balquidder. The head of Drummond-Emoch is placed on the altar, covered for a time with the banner of the tribe. The Chief of the tribe advances b) the altar:
"And pausing, on the banner gazed in
Then cried in scorn, his finger raised,
If to revenge this caftiff's fall
To claim from them, or claim from him,
E'en do, spare pocht, in time of ill
gor, who, and , It has been disputed whether the Children of the Min were beines upon the Sunday zrafter, at the Kink of Buchqunlidder actual MacGregors, or whether they were not outlaws named yr avowing ye sd murder to have been committed by yr eamMacDonald, belonging to Ardnamurchan. The followmg act of munion, council, and determination, laid yr hands upon the the Privy Council weems to decide the question
pow, and in eithnik, and barbarous manner, swear to defend ye Edinburgh, 4th February, 1589. authors of ye sd murder, in maist proud contempt of our so in The same day, the Lords of Secret Council being crediblie Lord and his authoritie, and in eell example to others wicken informed of ye cruel and mischeivous proceeding of ye wicked limmaris to do ye like, give ys sall be suffered to remain unpuClangrigor, so lang continueing in blood, slaughters, herships, nished." manifest reifts, and stouths committed upon his Hieness' peace- Then follows a commission to the Earls of Huntly, Argyle, able and good subjects ; inhabiting ye countries ewest ye brays Athole, Montrose, Pat Lord Drummond, Ja, Commendator of of ye Highlands, thir
money years bygone; but apecially heir Incheffray, And. Campbel of Lochinnel, Duncan Campbel of after ye cruel murder of umqli Jo. Drummond of Drummoney. Ardkinglas, Lauchlane M'Intosh of Dunnauchtane, Sir Jo. Mur yuch, his Majesties proper tennant, and ane of his fosters or rya of Tullibarden, knt., Geo. Buchanan of that lik, nnd And. Glenartney, committed upon ye day or
last by M'Farlane of Ariquocher, to search for and apprehend Alaster past, be certain of ye said clan, be ye council and determination M'Grigor of Glenstre, cand a number of others nominatim,) of ye haill, avow and to defend ye authors yrof qoever wald and all others of the said Clangrigor, or ye assistars, culpable pensew for revenge of ye same, all ye said Jo. was occupied in of the said od'ous murther, or of thift, reset of thift, herships, seeking of venison to his Hieness, at command of Pat Lord and sornings, grever they may be apprehended. And if they Drummond, stewart of Stratharne, and principal forrester of refuse to be taken, or flees to strengths and houses, to pursue Glenartney the Queen, his Majesties dearest spouse, being yn and assege them with fire and sword; and this commission to shortlie looked for to arrive in this realm. Likeas, after ye endure for the space
of three years. murder committed, ye authors yrof cutted off ye said umgll Jo. Such was the system of police in 1589, and such the state of Drummond's head, and carried the same to the Laird of M'Gri. Scotland nearly thirty years after the Reformation.
WHILE these pages were passing through the press, the author | duct of himself and his relative Montrose, till their argument
ceived a letter from the present Robert Stewart of Ardvoir came to high words and finally, from the state they were both Ech, favouring him with the account of the unhappy slaughter in, by an easy transition to blows, when Ardvoirlich, with his of Lord Kilpont, differing from, and more probable than, that dirk, struck Kilpont dead on the spot. He immediately fled, given by Bishop Wishart, whose narrative infers either insanity and under the cover of a thick mist escaped pursuit, leaving bis or the blackest treachery on the part of James Stewart of Ard. eldest son Henry, who had been mortally wounded at Tipper voirlich, the ancestor of the present family of that name. It is muir, on his death-bed. but fair to give the entire communication as recoived from my His followers immediately withdrew from Montrose, and respected correspondent, which is more minute than the histo- no course remained for him but to throw himself into the arms ries of the period.
of the opposite faction, by whom he was well received. His ** Although I have not the honour of being personally known name is frequently mentioned in Leslie's campaigns, and on to you, I hope you will excuse the liberty I now take, in address more than one occasion he is mentioned as having afforded proing you on the subject of a transaction more than once alluded tection to several of his former friends through his interest with to by you, in which an ancestor of mine was unhappily con. Leslie, when the King's cause became desperate. cerned. I allude to the slaughter of Lord Kilpont, son of the "The foregoing account of this unfortunate transaction, I am Earl of Airth and Monteith, in 1644, by James Stewart of Ard: well aware, differs materially from the account given by Wishvoirlich. As the cause of this unhappy event, and the quarrel art, who alleges that stewart had laid a plot for the assassinawhich led to it, have never been correctly stated in any history tion of Montrose, and that he murdered Lord Kilpont in con of the period in which it took place, I am induced, in conse sequence of his refusal to participate in his design. Now, I may queuce of your having, in the second series of your admirable be allowed to remark, that besides Wishart having always been Tales on the History of Scotland, adopted Wishart's version of regarded as a partial historian, and very questionable authority the transaction, and being aware that your having done so will on any subject connected with the motives or conduct of those stamp it with an authenticity which it does not merit, and with who differed from him in opivion, that even had Stewart a view, as far as possible, to do justice to the memory of my un. formed such a design, Kilpont, from his name and connexions, fortunate ancestor, to send you the account of this affair as it was likely to be the very last man of whom Stewart would has been handed down in the family,
choose to make a confidant and accomplice. On the other hand, " James Stewart of Ardvoirlich, who lived in the early part of the above account, though never, that I am aware, before hintea the 17th century, and who was the unlucky cause of the slaugh at, has been a constant iradition in the family and, from the ter of Lord Kilpont, as before mentioned, was appointed to the comparative recent date of the transaction, and the sources from command of one of several independent companies raised in the which the tradition has been derived, I have no reason to doub: Highlands at the commencement of the troubles in the reign of its perfect authenticity. It was most circumstantially detailec Charles L. ; another of these companies was under the command as above, given to my father, Mr. Stewart, now of Ardvoirlich, of Lord Kilpont, and a strong intimacy, strengthened by a dis- many years ago, by a man nearly connected with the family tant relationship, subsistod betweca them. When Montrose who lived to the age of 100. This man was a great grandson of raised the royal standard, Ardvoirlich was one of the first to James Stewart, by a natural son John, of whom many stories declare for him, and is said to have been a principal means of are still current in this country, under his appellation of John bringing over Lord Kilpont to the same cause and they accord dhu Mhor. This John was with his father at the time, and of ingly, along with Sir John Drummond and their respective fol- course was a witness of the whole transaction; he lived till a lowers, joined Montrose, as recorded by Wishart, at Buchanty. considerable time after the Revolution, and it was from him While they served together, so strong was their intimacy, that that my father's informant, who was a man before
his grandfathes lived and slept in the same tent.
ther, John dhu Mhor's death, received the information as above * In the meantime, Montrose had been joined by the Irish stated. under the command of Alexander Macdonald ; these, on their "I have many apologies to offer for trespassing so long on march to join Montrose, had committed some excesses on lands your patience ; but I felt a natural desire, if possible, to correct belonging to Ardvoirlich, which lay in the line of their march what I conceive to be a groundless imputation on the memory from the west coast of this Ardvoirlich complained to Mon- of my ancestor, before it shall come to be considered as a mat. trose, who, probably wishing as much as possible to conciliate ter of History. That he was a man of violent passions
and his new allies, treated it in rather an evasive manner. Ardvoir singular temper, I do not pretend to deny, as many traditions lich, who was a man of violent passions, having failed to re. still current in this country amply verify; but that he was
coceive such satisfaction as he required, challenged Macdonald pable of forming a design to assassinate Montrose, the wholu to single combat. Before they met, however, Montrose, on the tenor of his former conduct and principles contradiet. That he information and by advice, as it is said, of Kilpont, laid them was obliged to join the opposite party, was merely a matter of both under arrest, Montrose, seeing the evils of such a feud at safety, while Kilpont had so many powerful friends and consuch a critical time, effected a sort of reconciliation between nexions able and ready to avenge
his death. hem, and forced them to shnke hands in his presence; when, "I have only to add, that you have my full permission to Rwas said, that Ardvoirlich, who was a very
powerful man, make what use of this communication you please and either to took such a hold
of Macdonald's hand as to make the blood reject it altogether, or allow it such credit as you think it de start from his fingers. Still, it would appear, Ardvoirlich was serves, and shall be ready at all times to furnish you, with by no means reconciled.
any further information on this subject whicli you may require "A few days after the battle of Tippermuir, when Montrose and which it may be in my power to afford. with his army was encamped at Collace, an entertainment was " ARDVOIRLICH, given by him to his officers, in honour of the victory he had ob- 15th January, 1838. tained, and Kilpont and his comrade Ardvoirlich were or the
After returning to their quarters, Ardvoirlich, who The publication of a statement so particular, and probably » seemned still to brood over his quarrel with Macdonald, and correct, is a debt due !o the memory of James Stewart; tho via being heated with drink, began to blame Lord Kilpont
for the tim, it would seem, of his own viouent passions, but perhapo part he had taken in preventing his obtaining redress, and re- incapable of an act of premeditated treachery. Hecting against Montrose for not allowing him what he consi- ABBOTSFORD Tezed proper reparation. Kilpont of course defended the con- Jul August, 1836
SERGEANT MORE M'ALPIN was, during his residence among After giving a day to sad recollections, the bardy spirit whica al, one of the most honoured inhabitants of Gandercleugh. No had carried him through so many dangers, manned the sergeant's one thought ur disputing his title to the great leathern chair on bosom against this cruel disappointment. He would go," he Wallace Arms, on a Saturday evening. No less would our Transatlantic valley after the glen of their fathers, Janet. sexton, John Duirward, have held it an unlicensed intrusion, to he said, "should kilt her coats like a leaguer lady; d n the Buffer any one to induct himself
into the corner
of the left-hand distance it was a flea's leap to the voyages and marches ho pew nearest to the pulpit, which the Sergeant regularly occo- had made on a slighter occasion." pied on Sundays. There he sat, his blue invalid uniforin brushed With this purpose he left the Highlands, and came with his with the most scrupulous accuracy. Two medals of merit dis sister as far as Gandercleugh, on his way to Glasgow, to take played at his button-hole, as well as the empty sleeve which
a passage to Canada. But winter
was now set in, and as he should have been occupied by his right arm, bore evidence of thought it advisable to wait for a spring passage, when the Si. his hard and honourable service. His weatherbeaten features, Lawrence should be open, he settled
among us for a few months his gray hair tied in a thin queue in the military fashion or of his stay in Britain. As we said before, the respectable ok former days, and the right side of his head a little turned up,
man met with deference and attention from all ranks of society: the better to catch
the sound of the clergyman's voice, were all and when spring returned, he was so satisfied with his quar marks of his profession and infirmities. Beside him sat ters, that he did not renew the purpose of his voyage. Janet bis gister Janet, a little neat old woman, with a Highland was afraid of the sen, and he himself felt the infirmities of age curch and tartan plaid, watching the very looks or her brother, and hard service more than he had at first expected. And, as to her the greatest man upon earth, and actively looking out he confessed to the clergyman, and
my worthy principal, Mr. for him, in his silver-clasped Bible, the texts which the minis- Cleishbotham, "it was better
staying with kend friends, than ter quoted or expounded.
going farther, and faring worse. I believe it was the respect that was universally paid to this He therefore established himself and his domicile at Ganworthy veteran by all ranks in Gandercleugh
which induced dercleugh, to the great satisfaction, as we have already maid, of him to choose
our village for his residence, for such was by no all its inhabitants, to whom he became, in respect of military means his original intention.
"He had risen to the rank of sergeant-major of artillery, by zottes, and bulletins, a very oracle, explanatory of all martial
a handsome gratuity from the patriotic George, in whose service be had made his little fortune, and fund. Moreover, Sergeant More M'Alpin
had been prudent as lost three brothers; so that you were in equal danger to dis well as valiant;
and, from prize-money and savings, had become please him, in terming Prince Charles, the Pretender, or by master of a small suin in the three per cent, consols.
saying any thing derogatory to the dignity of King GeorgeHe retired with the purpose of enjoying
this income in the Further, it must not be denied, that when the day of receiving wild Highland glen, in which, when a boy, he had herded black his dividends came round, the Sergeant was apt to tarry longer cattle and goats, ere the roll of the drum had made him cock at the Wallace Arms of an evening, than was consistent his bonnet an inch higher, and follow its music for nearly forty with strict temperance, or indeed with his worldly interest years. To his recollection, this retired spot was unparalleled in for upon these occasions, his compotators sometimes contrived beauty by the richest scenes he had visited in his wanderings. to flatter his partialities by singing jacobite songs, and drink Even the Happy Valley of Rasselas would have sunk into nothing ing confusion to Bonaparte, and the health of the Duke of upon the comparison. He came--he revisited the loved scene;
Wellington, until the Sergeant was not only flattered into pay, it was but a sterile glen, surrounded with rude crags, and traing the whole reckoning, but occasionally induced to lend small versed by a northern torrent. This was not the worst. The
sums to his interested companions. After such sprays, as he fires had been quenched upon thirty liearths--of the cottage of called them, were over, and his temper once more cool, he selhis fathers
he could but distinguish a few rude stones-the lan dom failed to thank God, and the Duke of York, who had guage was almost extinguished-the ancient race from which made it much more difficult for an old soldier to ruin hinsell he boasted his descent had found a refuge beyond the Atlantic. by his folly, than had been the case in his younger days. One southland farmer, three gray-plaided shepherds, and six It was not on such occasions that I made a part of Sergeant dogs, now tenanted the whole glen, which in his youth had More M'Alpin's society. But often, when my leisure would maintained, in content, if not incompetence, upwards of two permit, I used to seek him, on what he called his morning and hundred inhabitants.
evening parade, on which, when the weather was fair, be apIn the house of the new tenant, Sergeant M'Alpin found, peared as regularly as if summoned by tuck of drum. His however, an unexpected source of pleasure, and a means of em: morning walk was beneath the elms in the churchyard: "Tor ploying his social affections. His sister Janet had fortunately death, he said, had been his next-door neighbour for so many entertained so strong a persuasion that her brother would one years, that lie had no apology for dropping the acqunintance. day return, that she had refused to accompany her kinsfolk upon His evening
promenade was on the bleaching-green by the their cmigration. Nay, she had consented, though not without a river-side, where he was sometimes to be seen on an oper feeling of degradation, to take service with the intruding Low- bench, with spectacles on nose, conning over the newspapen lander, who, though a Saxon, she said, had proved a kind man to a circle of village politicians,
explaining military terms, and to lier. This unexpected meeting with his sister seemed a aiding the comprehension of his hearers by lines drawn on the cure for all the disappointments which it had been Sergeant ground with the end of his råttan. On other occasions, he was More's lot to encounter, although it was not without a reluctant surrounded by a bevy of school-boys, whom he sometimes drill Fear that he heard told, as a Highland woman alone could telled to the manual, and sometimes, with less approbation oc t, the story of the expatriation of his kinsmen.
the part of their parents, instructed in the mystery of artificial She narrated at great length the vain offers they had made of fire-works;
for in the case of public rejoicings, the Sergeant advancol rent, the payment of which must have reduced them was pyrotechnist (as the Encyclopedia calls it) to the village to the extremity of poverty, which they were yet contented to or Gandercleugh. face, for permission to live and die on their native soil. Nor It was in his morning walk that I most frequently met with did Janer forget the portents which had announced the departhe veteran. And I can hardly yet look upon the village foot ture of Umn Celtic race, and the arrival of the strangers. For two path, overshadowed by the row of lofty elms, without thinking years previous to the emigration, when the night wind howled I see his upright form advancing towards me with measured down the pass of Balachra, its notes were distinctly modelled step, and his cane advanced, ready to pay me the
military to the line of, "Ha til mi tulidh," (we return no more,) with salute - but he is dead, and sleeps with his faithful Janet, which the emigrants usually bid farewell to their native shores. under the third of those very trees, counting from the stile ai The uncouth cries of the Southland shepherds, and the barking the west corner of the churchyard. of their dogs, were often heard in the mist of the hills long The delight which I had in Sergeant M'Alpin's conversation before their actual arrival. A bard, the last of his race, har relatert not only to his own adventures, of which he had en commemorated the expulsion of the natives of the glen in a countered many in the course of a wandering life, but also to tune, which brought tears into the aged cyes of the veteran, his recollection of numerous Highland traditions, is, whicà his and of which the first stanza may be thus rendered :
youth had been instructed by his parents, and of which he
would in after life have deemed it a kind of heresy to question Wo, wo, son of the Lowlander,
the authenticity. Many of these belonged to the wars of Why wilt then leave thine own bonny Border Why comes thou hither, distarving the Highlander,
Montrose, in which come of the Sergeant's ancestry had, it Wasting the glen that was once in fair order
sçems, taken a distinguished, part. It has happened, that,
although these civil commotions reflect the highest honour What added to Sergeant More M'Alpin's distress upon the oc. upon the Highlanders, being indeed the first occasion upon casion
was, that the chief by whom this change had been effect which they showed themselyes superior, or even equal to ed, was, by tradition and common opinion, held to represent the their Lowcountry neighbours in military encounters, they have ancient leaders and fathers of the expelled fugitires, and it been less commemorated among them than any one would had hitherto been one of Sergeant More's principal subjects of have expected, judging from the abundance of traditions which pride to prove, by genealogical deduction, in what degree of they have preserved upon less interesting subjects. It was, kindred he stood to this
personage. A woful change was now therefore, with great pleasure, that I extracted from my military wrought in his sentiments towards him.
friend some curious particulars respecting that time, they are I cannot curse him," he said, as he rose and strode through mixed with that measure of the wild and wonderful which be the room, when Janet's narrative was finished -"I
will not longs to the period and the narrator, but which I do not in the OUTRO him ;' he is the descendant and representative of my falenst
object to the reader's
treating with disbelief, providing his bers. But never shall mortal man hear me name his name will be so good as give implicit credit to the natural events at again.” And the kept his word; for, until his dying day, no the story, which, like all those which I have had the honou man hoard dim mention his selfish and hard-hearted chieftain. put under his notice, actually rest upon a basis of truth.
A LEGEND OF MONTROSE.
led, might, it was supposed, atone for the personas
deficiencies of their chief; and as the Campbells had Such as do build their faith upon The holy text of pike and gun,
already severely humbled several of the neighbouring Decide all controversies by
tribes, it was supposed these would not readily again
provoke and encounter with a body so powerful. And prove their doctrine orthodox,
at their command ihe whole west and By apostolic blows and knocks. BUTLER.
south of Scotland, indisputably the richest part of the It was during the period of that great and bloody kingdom,--Fifeshire being in a peculiar manner their Civil War which agitated Britain during the seven- own, and possessing many and powerful friends even teenth century, that our tale has its commencement north of the Forth and Tay;-the Scottish Conven Scotland had as yet remained free from the ravagestion of Estates saw no danger sufficient to induce of intestine war, although its inhabitants were much them to alter the line
of policy they had adopted, or divided in political opinions; and many of them, to recall from the assistance of their brethren of the tired of the control of the Estates of Parliament, and English Parliament that auxiliary army of twenty disapproving of the bold measure which they had thousand men, by means of which accession of adopted, by sending into England a large army to the strength, the King's party had been reduced to the assistance of the Parliaments were determined on defensive, when in full career of triumph and success. their part to ernbrace the earliest opportunity of de- The causes which moved the Convention of Estates claring for the King, and making such a diversion as at this time to take such an immediate and active should at least compell the recall of General Leslie's interest in the civil war of England, are detailed in army out of England, if it did not recover a great our historians, but may be here shortly recapitulated. part of Scotland to the King's allegiance. This
plan They had indeed no new injury or aggression to comwas chiefly adopted by the northern nobility, who had plain of at the hand of the King, and the peace, which resisted with great obstinacy the adoption of the So- had been made between Charles and his subjects of lemn League ond Covenant, and by many of the Scotland had been carefully observed; but the Scotchiefs of the Highland clans, who conceived their, tish rulers were well aware that this peace had been interest and authority to be connected with royalty, extorted from the King, as well by the influence
01 who had, besides, a decided aversion to the Presby the parliainentary party in England, as by the terror terian form of religion, and who, finally, were in that of their own arms. It is true, King Charles had half savage state of society, in which war is always since then visited the capital of his ancient kingdom. more welcome than peace.
had assented to the new organization of the church, Great commotions were generally expected to arise and had distributed honours and rewards among the from these concurrent causes; and the trade of incur- leaders of the party which had shown themselves sion and depredation, which the Scotch Highlanders most hostile
to his interests, but it was
suspected at all times exercised upon the Lowlands, began to that distinctions so unwillingly conferred would be assume a more steady, avowed, and systematic form, resumed as soon as opportunity offered. The low as part of a general military system.
state of the English Parliament was seen in Scotland Those at the head of affairs were not insensible to with deep apprehension; and it was concluded, that the peril of the moment, and anxiously made prepa- should Charles triumph'by force of arms against his rations to meet and to repel it. They considered, insurgent subjects of England, he would not be long however, with satisfaction, that no leader or name in exacting from the Scotch the vengeance which he of consequence had as yet appeared to assemble an might suppose due to those who had set the example army of royalists, or even to direct the efforts of those of taking up arms against him. Such was the policy desultory bands, whom love of plunder, perhaps, as of the measure which dictated the sending the auxmuch as political principle, had hurried into mea- iliary army into England, and it was avowed in a sures of hostility. It was generally hoped that the manifesto explanatory of their reasons for giving this quartering a sufficient number of troops in the Low- timely and important aid to the English Parliament. sands adjacent to the Highland line, would have the The English Parliament, they said, had been already effect of restraining the mountain chieftains; while friendly to them, and might be so again; whereas the the power of various barons in the north, who had King, although he had so lately established religion espoused the Covenant, as, for example, the Earl among them according to their desires, had given Mareschal, the great families of Forbes, Leslie, and them no ground to confide in his royal declaration, Irvine, the Grants, and other Presbyterian clans, seeing they had found his promises and actions inmight counterbalance and bridle, not only the strength consistent with each other. "Our conscience," they of the Ogilvies and other cavaliers of Angus and Kin- concluded, "and God, who is greater than our concardine, but even the potent family of the Gordons, science, beareth us record, that we aim altogether at whose extensive authority was only equalled by their the glory of God, peace of both nations, and honour extreme dislike to the Presbyterian model.
of the King, in suppressing and punishing in a legal In the West Highlands the ruling party numbered way, those who are the
troublers of Israel, the firemany enemies; but the power of these disaffected brands of hell, the Korahs, the Balaams, the Doegs, clans was supposed to be broken, and the spirit of the Rabshakehs, the Hamans, the Tobiahs, the Santheir chieftains intimidated, by the predominating ballats of our time; which done, we are satisfied. Tinence of the Marquis of Argyle, upon whom the Neither have we begun to use a military expedition confidence of the Convention of Estates was reposed to England as a mean for compassing those our with the utmost security; and whose power in the pious ends, until all other means which we could Highlands, already exorbitant, had been still further think upon have failed us: and this alone is left to mcreased by concessions extorted from the King at us, ultimum et unicum remedium, the last and only the last pacification. It was indeed well known that remedy." Argyle was a man rather of political enterprise than Leaving it to cașuists to determine whether one personal courage, and better calculated to manage contracting party
is justified in breaking a solemn an intrigue of state, than to control the tribes of hos, treaty, upon the suspicion that, in certain future con, tile mountaineers; yet the numbers of his clan, and tingencies, it might be infringed by the other, we shall the spir 5 of the gallant gentlemen by whom it was proceed to mention two other circumstances that had at least equal influence with the Scottish rulers and reformed churches." Deceived by their own eagernation, with any doubts which they entertained of the ness, themselves entertaining no doubts on the Trus King's good faith.
Divinum of their own ecclesiastical establishments, The first of these was the nature and condition of and not holding it possible such doubts could be their angey headed by
and discontented nobis adopted by others, the Convention of Estates and the lity, under whom soldiers of fortune, who had served in the German necessarily inferred the establishment of Presbytery; wars until they had lost almost all distinction of poli- nor were they undeceived, unțil, when their help was tical principle, and even of country, in the adoption of no longer needful, the sectaries gave them to underihe mercenary faith, that a soldier's principal duty stand, that the phrase might be as well applied to Inwas fidelity to the state or sovereign from whom he dependency, or any other mode of worship, which received his pay, without respect either to the justice those who were at the head of affairs at the time of the quarrel, or to their own connexion with either might consider as agreeable to the word of God, of the contending parties. To men of this stamp, and the practice of the reformed churches." Neither Grotius applies the severe character-Nullum dile were the outwitted Scottish less astonished to find, genus est improbius, quam eorum, qui sine cause that the designs of the English sectaries struck against respectu , mercede conducti, militant. To these mer- the monarchial constitution of Britain, it having been cenary soldiers, as well as to the needy gentry with their intention to reduce the power of the King, but whom they were mixed in command, and who easily by no means to abrogate the office. They fared, nowimbibed
the same opinions, the success of the late ever, in this respect, like rash physicians, who com short invasion of England in 1641 was a sufficient mence by over-physicking a patient, until he is reduced reason for renewing so profitable an experiment. The to a state of weakness, from which cordials are aftergood pay and free quarters of England had made a wards unable to recover him. feeling impression upon the recollection of these mili- But these events were still in the womb of futurity. tary adventurers, and the prospect of again levying As yet the Scottish Parliament held their engagement eight hundred and fifty pounds a-day, came in place of with England consistent with justice, prudence, and all arguments, whether of state or of morality. piety, and their military
undertaking seemed to sucAnother cause inflamed the minds of the nation at ceed to their very wish. The junction of the Scotlarge, no less than the tempting prospect of the wealth tish army with those of Fairfax and Manchester, enof England animated the soldiery So much had abled the Parliamentary forces to besiege York, and been written and said on either side concerning the to fight the desperate action of Long- Marston Moor, form of church government, that it had become a in which Prince Rupert and the Marquis of Newcastle matter of infinitely more consequence in the eyes of were defeated. The Scottish auxiliaries, indeed, had the multitude
than the doctrines of that gospel which less of the glory of this victory than their country, both churches had embraced. The Prelatists and men could desire. David Leslie, with their cavalry Presbyterians of the more violent kind became as fought bravely, and to them,
as well as to Cromwell's illiberal as the Papists, and would scarcely allow the brigade of Independents, the honour of the day bepossibility of salvation beyond the pale of their respec- longed; but the old Earl of Leven,
the covenanting tive churches. It was in vain remarked to these general, was driven out of the field by the impetuous zealots, that had the Author of our holy religion con-charge of Prince Rupert, and was thirty miles distant sidered any peculiar form of church government as in full Aight towards Scotland, when he was overessential to salvation, it would have been revealed taken by the news that his party had gained a comwith the same precision as under the Old Testament plete victory, dispensation. Both parties continued as violent as if The absence of these auxiliary troops, upon this they could have pleaded the distinct commands of crusade for the establishment of Presbyterianism in Heaven to justify their intolerance. Laud, in the England, had considerably diminished the power of days of his domination, had fired the train, by attempt the Convention of Estates in Scotland, and had ing to impose upon the Scottish people church cere- given rise to those agitations among the anti-covemonies foreign
to their habits and opinions. The suc- nanters, which we have noticed at the beginning of cess with which this had been resisted, and the Pres- this chapter. byterian model substituted in its place, had endeared the latter to the nation, as the cause in which they had triumphed. The Solemn League and Covenant,
CHAPTER II. adopted with such zeal by the greater part of the His mother could for him as cradle set kingdom, and by them forced, at the sword's point, Her husband's rusty Iron corselet; upon the others, bore in its bosom, as its principal
Whose jangling sound could hush' her babe to rest, object, the establishing the doctrine and discipline of
That never plain'd of his uneasy nest;
Then did he dream of dreary wars at hand, the Presbyterian church, and the putting down all And
fought, and won, ere he could stand. error and heresy; and having attained for their own
HALL'S Salires. country an establishment of this golden candlestick, , Is was towards the close of a summer's evening, the
Scots became liberally and fraternally anxious to during the anxious period which we have commemoerect the same in England. This they conceived rated, that a young gentleman of quality, well mountmight be easily attained by lending to the
Parliament ed and armed, and accompanied by two servants, the effectual assistance of the Scottish forces. The one
of whom led, a sumpter horse, rode slowly up Presbyterians, a numerous and powerful party in the one of those steep passes, by which the Highlands English Parliament, had hitherto taken the lead in are accessible from the Lowlands of Perthshire. opposition to the King; while the Independents and Their course had lain for some time along the banks other sectaries, who afterwards, under Cromwell, re- of a lake, whose deep waters reflected the crimson sumed the power of the sword, and overset the Pres- beams of the western sun. The broken path which byterian model both in Scotland and England, were they pursued with some difficulty, was in some places as yet contented to lurk under the shelter of the shaded by ancient birches and oak-trees, and in others wealthier and more powerful party. The prospect of overhung by fragments of huge rock. Elsewhere, the bringing to a uniformity the kingdoms of England hill, which formed the northern side of this beautiful and Scotland in discipline and worship, seemed there sheet of water, arose in steep, but less precipitous fore as fair as it was desirable.
acclivity, and was arrayed in heath of the darkest The celebrated Sir Henry Vane, one of the com- purple. In the present times, a scene so romantic ussioners who negotiated the alliance betwixt Eng. would have been judged to possess the highest charms and and Scotland, saw the influence which this bait for the traveller but those who journey in days
of ad upon the spirits of those with whom he dealt ; doubt and dread, pay little attention to picturesque and although himself a violent Independent, he con- scenery. rived at once to gratify and to elude the eager desires The master kept, as often as the wood permitted, of the Presbyterians, by qualifying the obligation to abreast of one or both of his domestics, and seemed reform the Church of England, as a change to be executea "according to the word of God, and the best would, in some respects, answer the description
• The beautiful pass of Leny, near Callender, in Monteith