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Awra breth QITO 1: Pura, traeame senor nuEspot, aquesos livros, que los gatero ver. Que ine paca respondió el y entrando, en su aposento, sacó, dél una maletilke vieja cerrada con una cadenilla, y abriéndola, halló en ella tres libros grandes y unos papeles de muy buena letra scritos de mano.-Don QUIXOTE Parte I. Capitulo 32.
It is mighty well, said the priest ; pray, landlord, bring me those books, for I have a mind to see them. With all my heart, answered the Aust; and going to his chambct, he bronght out a little old cloak-bag, with a padlock and chain to it, and opening it he took ont three large volumes, and some manuscript papers written in a fine character. - Jarvis's Transiation
INTRODUCTION TO THE BRIDE OF LAMMERMOOR.
The author, un a former occasion,* declined giving the real she remained totally overwhelmed, as it seemed, -mute, pale, tource from which he drew the tragic subject of this history, and motionless as a statue. Only at her mother's command, tecause, thought occurring at a distant period, it might possi' sternly uttered, she summoned strength enough to restore to: Bly be unpleasing to the feelings of the descendants of the par her plighted suitor the piece of broken gold, which was the tes. But as he finds an account of the circumstances given in emblem of her troth. On this he burst forth into a tremendous the Notes to Law's Memorials, by his ingenious friend Charles passion, took leave of the mother with maledictions, and as Kirksatrick Sharpe, Esq., and also indicated in huis reprint or he left the apartment, turned back to say to his weak, if not the Rev. Mr. Symson's poems, appended to the Description of fickle mistress, "For you, madam, you will be a world's won Galloway, as the original of the Bride of Lammermoor, the der;" a phrase by which some remarkable degree of calamity author feels himself now at liberty to tell the tale as he had it is usually implied. He went abroad, and returned not again. from connexions of his own, who lived very near the period, If the last Lord Rutherford was the unfortunate party, he must and were closely related to the family of the Bride.
have been the third who bore that title, and who died in 1685. It is well known that the family of Dalrymple, which has The marriage betwixt Janet Dalrymple and David Dunbar of produced, within the space of two conturies, as many men of Baldoon now
went forward, the bride
showing no repugnance, talent, civil and military, and of literary, political, and profes- but being absolutely passive in every thing her mother com sional eminence, as any house in Scotland, first rose into dis-manded or advised. On the day of the marriage, which, as tinction in the person of James Dalrymple, one of the most was then usual, was celebrated by a great assemblage of friends em nent lawyers that ever lived, though the labours of his and relaxons, she was the same-sad, silent, and resigned,
as powerful mind were unhappily exercised on a subject so limited it seemed to her destiny. A lady, very nearly connected with an Seottish Jurisprudence, on which he has composed an ad- the
family, told the author that she had conversed on the subminble work.
ject with one of the brothers of the bride, a mere lad at the He married Margaret, daughter to Rngs of Balniel, with whom time, who had ridden before his sister to church. He said her he obtained a considerable estate. She was an able, politic, hand, which lay on his as she held her arm round his waist, and high-minded
woman, so successful in what she undertook, was as cold and damp as marble. But, full of his new dress, tha: the vulgar, no way partial to her husband or her family, and the part he acted in the procession, the circumstance imputed her success to necromancy. According to the popular which he long afterwards remembered with bitter sorrow and belief, this
Dame Margaret purchased the temporal prosperity compunction, made no impression on him at the time. of her family from the Mastor whom she served, under a sin The bridal feast was followed by dancing; the bride aná gula condition, which is thus narrated by the historian
of her bridegroom retired as usual, when of a sudden the most wila grandson, the great Earl of Stair. "She lived to a great age, and piercing cries were heard from the nuptial chamber. It and et her death desired that she might not be put under was then the custom, to prevent any coarse pleasantry, which grourd, but that her coffin should be placed upright on one old times perhape admitted, that the key of the nuptial chamend of it, promising, that while she remained in that situation, ber should be intrusted to the brideman. He was called upon, the Durymples should continue in prosperity. What was the but refused at first to give it up, till
the shrieks became so hide old lacy's motive for such a request, or whether she really made ous that he was compelled to haaten with others to learn the sucli a promise, I cannot take upon me to determine ; but it is cause. On opening
the door, they found the bridegroom lying certain her coffin stands upright in the nisle of the church of across the threshold, dreadfully wounded, and streaming with Kirkliston, the burial place of the family." The talents of blood. The bride was then sought for: She was found in the this accomplished race were sufficient to have accounted for corner of the large chimney, having no covering save her elit, the dinities which many members of the family attained, and that dabbled in gore. There she sat grinning at them, without any supernatural assistance. But their extraordinary mopping and mowing, as I heard the expression used in a prosperêy was attended by some equally singular family mis- word, absolutely insane. The only words she spoke were, fortunes, of which that which befell their eldest
daughter was "Tak up your bonny bridegroom." She survived this horrible at once inaccountable and melancholy.
scene little more than a fortnight, having been married on the Miss Janet Dalrymple, daughter of the first Lord Stair, and 24th of August, and dying on the 12th of September, 1669. Dame Margaret Ross, had engaged herself
without the know- The unfortunate Faldoon recovered from his wounds, but ledge of her parents to the Lord Rutherford, who was not ac- sternly prohibited all inquiries respecting the manner in which ceptable to thein either on account of his political principles, or he had received them. If a lady, he said, asked him any ques. his want of fortune. The young couple broke a piece of gold tion upon the subject, he would neither answer her nor speak together, and pledged their troth in the most solemn manner; to her again while he lived ; if a gentleman, he would consider and it is nid the young lady imprecated dreadful evils on her it as a mortal affront, and demand satisfaction as having resell shouli she break her plighted faith: Shortly after, a sui-ceived such. He did not very long survive the dreadful catastor who was favoured by Lord Stair, and still more so by his trophe, having met with a fatal injury by a fall from bis horse, iady, paid his addresses to Miss Dalrymple. The young lady as he rode between Leith and Holyrood-house, of which he refused the proposal, and being pressed on the subject, confess-died the next day, 28th March, 1682. Thus a few years removed ed her secret engagement. Lady Stair, a woman accustomed all the principal actors in this frightful tragedy, to universa submission, (for even her husband did not dare to Various reports went abroad on this mysterious affair, many contradict her,) treated this objection as a trifle, and insisted of them very inaccurate, though they could hardly be said to upon her daughter yielding her consent to marry the new suit be exaggerated. It was difficult at that time to become acor, David Dunbar, son and heir to David Dunbar of Baldoon, quainted with the history of a Scottish family above the lower in Wigtonshire. The first lover, a man of very high spirit, rank; and strange things sometimes took place there, intu then interfered by letter, and insisted
on the right he had
ac which even the law did not scrupulously inquire. quired by his troth plighted with
the young lady. Lady Stair The credulous Mr. Law says, generally, that the Lord Prest lent him for answer, that her daughter, sensible of her undu- dent Stair had a daughter, who being married, the night sho tiful behaviour in entering into a contract unsanctioned by her was bride ir, (that is, bedded bride, I was taken from her brideparents, had retracted her unlawful vow, and now refused to groom and harled (dragged) through the house, (by spirits,
we falfil her engagement with him.
are given to understand,) and soon afterwards died. Another The lover, in return, declined positively to receive such an daughter," he says, " was possessed by an evil spirit." answer from any one but his mistress in person; and as she My friend, Mr. Sharpe, gives another edition of the tale. had to deal with a man who was both of a most determined According to his information, it was the bridegroom who character, and of too high condition to be trifled with, Lady wounded the bride. The marriage, according to this account, Stair was obliged to consent to an interview between Lord had been against her mother's inclination, who had given her Rutherford and her daughter. But she took care to be present consent in these ominous words : " You may marry him, but in person, and argued the point with the disappointed and in soon shall you repent it." rensed lover with pertinacity equal to his own. She particu- I find still another account darkly insinuated in some highly larly insisted on the Levitical law, which declares, that a wo- scurrilous and abusive verses, of which I have an original copy. man shall be free of a vow which her parents dissent from. They are doeketed as being written Upon the late Viscount "This is the passage of Scripture she founded on :
Stair and his family, by Sir William Hamilton of Whitelaw. "If a man vow a vow unto the Lord, or swear an oath to the marginals by William Dunlop, writer in Edinburgh, a son bind his soul with a bond; he shall not break his word, he of the Laird of Househill, and nephew to the said Sir William shall do according to all that proceedeth out of his mouth. Hamilton." There was a bitter and personal quarrel and rivalry
If a woman also vow a vow unto the Lord, and bind her betwixt the author of this libel, a name which it richly de self by a bond, being in her father's house in her youth; serves, and Lord President Stair; and the lampoon, which is "And her father hear her vow, and her bond wherewith
she written with much more malice than art, bears the following hath bound her soul, and her father shall bold his peace at her: motto :then all her vows shall stand, and every bond wherewith she hath bound her soul shall stand.
“Stair's veek, mind, wife, sons, grandson, and the rest, But if her father disallow her in the day that he heareth
Aro wry, false, witch, pests, parricide, possessed." pot any of her vowy, or of her bonds wherewith she hath bound her soul, shall stand. and the Lord shall forgive her,
This malignant satirist, who calls up all the misfortunes because her father disallowed her."-Numbers, xxx, 2, 3, 4, 5.
the family, does not forget the fatal bridal of Baldoon. He conjured the daughter to declare her own opinion and feelings. vention of the foul fiend to whom the young lady had resigned While the mother insisted on these topics, the lover 'in vain seeme, though his verses are as obscure as unpoetical, to intiSee Introduction to the Chronicles of the Cannongate.
herself, in case she should break her contract with her first Lav's Memorials, p. 226.
lover. His hypothesis is inconsistent with the account givog Memoirs of John Earl of Stair, by an Impartial Hand London, in the note upon Law's Memorials bu easily reconcileable 10 Rinted for Cobbel, p. 7
the family tradition. Vol. II
"Ine. Stair's offspring we no difference know,
A tear I said I 7 ah! that's n petit thing
A very lean, slight, slender offering,
Too mean, I'me sure, for me, wherewith t'attend
The unexpected funeral of my friend,
The poet proceeds to state his intimacy with the deceased,
and the constancy of the young man's attendance on public And, as first substitute, did seize the bride; Whate'er he to his mistress did or said,
worship, which was regular, and had such effect upon two of He threw the bridegroom from the nuptial bed,
three others that were influenced by his example, Into the chimney did so his rival maul,
"So that my Muse 'gainst Priscian avers, His braised bones ne'er were cured but by the fall."
He, only he, were my parishioners;
Yea, and my only hearers." One of the marginal notes ascribed to William Dunlop, ap: plies to the above lines. "She had betrothed herself to Lord He then describes the deceased in person and manners, from Rutherford under horrid imprecations, and afterwards married which it appears that more accomplishments were expected in Baldoon, his nevoy, and her mother was the cause of her breach the composition of a fine gentleman in ancient than moders of waith."
times : The same tragedy is alluded to in the following couplet and His body, though not very large or tall, Rote:
10. Was sprightly, active, yea and strong withal.
His constitution was, if right I've gnesa'd,
Blood mixt with choler, said to be the best.
In's gesture, converse, speech, discourse, attre, The note on the word uncle explains it as meaning "Ruther- He practis'd that which wise men still admire, ford, who should have married the Lady Baldoon, was Bal. Commend, and recommend. What's that? you'l say; doon's uncle." The poetry of this satire on Lord Stair and
Tis this: 'He ever choos'd
the middle way his family was, as already noticed, written by Sir William
TOTwixt both the extremes. Amost in ev'ry thing Hamilton of Whitelaw, a rival of Lord Stair for the situation
He did the like, 'tis worth our noticing: of President of the Court of Session; a person much inferior
sib Sparing, yet not a niggard ; liberal,
And yet not lavish or a prodigal, to that great lawyer in talents, and equally ill-treated by the calumny or just satire of his contemporaries, as an unjust and
As knowing when to spend and when to spare ;
bet And that's a lesson which not many are partial judge. Some of the notes are by that curious and lahorious antiquary Robert Milne, who, as a virulent Jacobite,
bn Acquainted with. He bashful was, yet daring
When he saw canse, and yet therein but sparing: willingly lent a hand to blacken the family of Stair.t
Familiar, yet not common, for he knew Another poet of the period, with a very different purpose, To condescend, and keep his distance too. has left an elegy, in which he darkly hints at and bemoans the He us'd, and that most commonly, to go unnin fate of the ill-starred young person, whose very uncommon On foot; I wish that he had still done so. calamity Whitelaw, Dunlop, and Milne, thought a fitting sub
Th' affairs of court were unto him well known: ject for buffoonery and ribaldry. This bard of milder mood
And yet mean while
he slighted not his own. was Andrew Symson, before the Revolution minister of Kir
He knew full well how to behave at court, kinner, in Galloway, and after his expulsion as an Episcopalian,
- And yet but seldome did thereto resort : following the humble occupation of a printer in Edinburgh.
But lov'd the country life, choos'd to inure He furnished the family of Baldoon, with which he appears to
Himself to past'rage and agriculture; have been intimate, with an elegy on the tragic event in their
Proving, improving, ditching, trenching, draining, family. In this piece he treats the mournful occasion of the
0 Viewing, reviewing, and by those means gaining bride's death with mysterious solemnity.
Planting, transplanting, levelling, erecting
Walls, chambers, houses, terraces; projecting - The verses bear this title="On the unexpected death of the
Now this, now that device, this draught, that meepure, virtuous Lady Mrs. Janet Dalrymple, Lady Baldoon, younger,
That might advance his profit with his pleasure and afford us the precise dates of the catastrophe, which could Quick in his bargains, honest in commerce, not otherwise have been easily ascertained. "Nupta August
Just in his dealings, being much averse 12. Domum Ducta August 24. Obiit September 12. Sepult. From quirks of law, still ready to refer September 30, 1669." The form of the elegy is a dialogue be
Bis cause t' an honest country arbiter. twixt a passenger and a domestic servant. The first, recollect
He was acquainted with cosmography ing that he had passed that way lately, and seen all around
Arithmetic, and modern history; enlivened by the appearances of mirth and feativity, is desirous
architecture and such arts as these, to know what had changed so gay a scene into mourning. We
Which I may call specific sciences
Fit for a gentleman; and surely he preserve
the reply of the servant as a specimen of Mr. Symeon's verses, which are not of the first quality :
That knows them not, at least in some degres,
May brook the title, but he wants the thing,
Is but a shadow scarce worth noticing.
He learned the French, be 't spoken to his praise,
In very little more than fourty days."
Then comes the full burst of wo, in which, instead of say Table Was to a hopeful plant by marriage tied,
ing much himself, the poet informs us what the ancients would
Laste have said on such an occasion :
Would huve exelained, and furiously cry'd out
Against the fates,
the destinies and starrs,
What this the effect of planetarie Wars!
We might have seen him rage and rave, yea worse,
'Tis very like we might have heard him curse
The year, the month, the day, the hour, the place, 'Tis then the Saints enjoy their full perseetion "bon
The company, the wager, and the race; T
Decry all recreations, with the names Mr. Symson also poured forth his elegiac strains upon the
or Isthmian, Pythian, and Olympick games; rate of the widowed bridegroom, on which subject, after a long
Exclaim against them all both old and new, and querulous effusion, the poet arrives at the sound conclu.
Both the Nemzean and the Lethæan too : siou, that if Baldoon had walked on foot, which it seems was
Adjudge all persons under highest pain, his general custom, he would have ercaped perishing by a fall
Always to walk on foot, and then again from horseback. As the work in which it occurs is so scarce
Order all horses to be hough'd, that we us almost to be unique, and as it gives us the most fall account
Might never more the like adventure see.” of one of the actors in this tragic tale which
we have rehears-Supposing our readers have had enough of Mr. Symson's ed, we will, at the risk of being tedious, insert some short spo verses, and finding nothing more in his poem worthy of trancimens of Mr. Bymson's composition. It is entitled, - o scription, we return to the tragic story,
"A Funeral Elegie, occasioned by the sad and much la- It is needless to point out to the intelligent reader, that the mented death of that worthily respected, and very much ac witchcraft of the mother consisted only in the ascendency of complished gentleman, David Dunbar, younger of Baldoon, a powerfal mind over a weak and melancholy one, and that only son and apparent heir to the right worshipful Sir David the harshness with which she exercised her superiority in a Dunbar of Baldoon, Knight Baronet. He departed this life on case of delicacy, had driven her daughter first to despair, then March 08, 4682, having received a bruise by a fall, as he was
to frenzy. Accordingly, the author has endeavoured to ex. riding the day preceding betwixt Leith ard Holy-Rood-House : plain the tragic tale on this principle. Whatever resemblance and was honourably interred in the Abbey church of Holy Lady Ashton may be supposed to possess to the celebrated Rood-House, on April 4, 1582."stort
Dame Margaret Ross, the reader must not suppose that there Men might, and very justly too, conclude la
was any idea of tracing the portrait of the first Lord Viscount Me guilty of the worst ingratitude,
Stair in the tricky and mean-spirited Sir William Ashton. Mould I be silent, or should I forbearodia do Lord Stalr, whatever might be his moral qualities, was certain
At this sad accident to shed a tear; Met die aand accident
ly one of the first statesmen and lawyers of his age.
The imaginary castle of Wolf's Crag has been identified by • The fall from his horse, by which he was killed.
some lover of locality with that of Fast Castle. The author + I have compared the satire, which occurs in the first volume of the is not competent to judge of the resemblance betwixt the real surions liule colleetion called a Book of Scottish Pasquils, 1827, with
and imaginary scene, having never seen Fast Castle except from eat which has a more fall text, and more exterued notes, and which is W my own possession, by gift of Thomas The waison, Esq. Register Der the sea. But fortalices of this description are found occupying, pute. In the second Book of Pasquils, p. 7, ir a mat abusive epiu pb like ospreys' nests, projecting rocks, or promontories, in many op Sir James Hamilton of Whitelaw.
parts of the eastern coast of Scotland, and the position of Fas 1 This elegy is reprinted in the append x to a topographical work by Castle seems certainly
to resemble that of Wolf's Crag as muck the same author, entátled, "A Large Lescription of Galloway, by An- as any other, while its vicinity
to the mountain ridge of Lam drew Symeon, Minister of Kirkinner,"? 8vo, Taits, Edinburgh, 1823. mermoor, renders the assimilation a probable one. a'he reverend gentleman's elegies
are extremely rare, nor did the author We have only to add, that the death of the unfortunate brido Iver see a copy but his own, which is bound up with the Tripariarchi- groom by a fall from horseback has been in the novel transfer ton a re'igious puem from the Biblical Halcy, oy the same author. Tred to the no less unfortunate lover.