mentior d; "when she and I were twa gilpies, weed saddle-cloth for his sorrel horse will be ready, for little thought to hae sitten doun wi' the like o' my he wants it agane the Kelso races." auld Davie Howden, or you either, Mr. Saddletree. "Weel, aweel,” replied Bartoline, as laconically as

While Saddletree, who was not bright at a reply, before. was cudgelling his brains for an answer to this home- " And his lordship, the Earl of Blazonbury, Lord trust, Miss Damahoy broke in on him.

Flash and Flame, is like to be clean daft, that the And as for the lords of state," said Miss Dama- harness for the six Flanders mears, wi' the crests, hoy, ye suld mind the riding of the parliament, Mr. coronets, housings, and mountings conform, are no Saddletree, in the gude auld time before the Union, sent hame according to promise gien." - a year's rent o' mony a gude estate gaed for horse- Weel, weel, weel-weel, weel, gudewife," said graith and harnessing, forby broidered robes and Saddletree, "if he gangs daft, we'll hae him cognos. foot-mantles, that wad' hae stude by their lane wi' ced-it's a very weel.' gold brocade, and that were muckle in my ain line." "It's weel that ye think sae, Mr. Saddletree," an

Ay, and then the lusty banqueting, with sweet swered his helpmate, rather nettled at the indifference meats and comfits wet and dry, and dried fruits of with which her report was received; "there's mony divers sorts," said Plumdamas."But Scotland was ane wad hae thought themselves affronted, if sao Scotland in these days."

mony customers had ca'd and naebody to answer "I'll tell you what it is, neighbours," said Mrs. them but women-folk; for a' the lads were aff, as Howden, "I'll ne'er believe Scotland is Scotland

ony soon as your back was turned, to see

Porteous hangmair, if our kindly. Scots sit doun with the affronted, that might be counted upon; and sae, you no they hae gien us this day. It's not only the blude that being at hame"is shed, but the blude that might hae been shed, "Houts, Mrs. Saddletree," said Bartoline, with an that's required at our hands; there was my daugh air of consequence, "dinna deave me wil your nonter's wean, little Eppie Daidle--my oe, ye ken, Miss sense; I was under the necessity of being elsewhere Grizel--had played the truant frae the school, as -non omnia--as Mr. Crossmyloof said, when he bairns will do, ye ken, Mr. Buller"

was called by two macers at once, non omnia possu "And for which," 'interjected Mr. Butler, " they mus--pessimus- possimis-I ken our law-latin of should be soundly scourged by their well-wishers." fends Mr. Butler's ears, but it means naebody, and it

And had just cruppen to the gallows' foot to see were the Lord President himsell, can do twa turns at the hanging, as was natural for a wean; and what ance. for mightna she hae been shot as weel as the rest o' Very right, Mr. Sadaletree," answered his careful them, and where wad we a' hae been then? I won- helpmate, with a sarcastic smile; "and pae doubt der how Queen Carline (if her name be Carline) wad it's a decent thing to leave your wife to look after hae liked to hae had ane o' her ain bairns in sic a young gentlemen's saddles and bridles, when ye gang venture ?"

to see a man, that never did ye nae ill, raxing a halter. "Report says," answered Butler, "that such a cir- "Woman," said Saddletree, assuming an elevated cunistance would not have distressed her majesty be- tone, to which the meridian

had somewhat contriyond endurance."

buted, "desist, I say forbear, from intromitting with "Aweel," said Mrs. Howden," the sum of the affairs thou canst not understand. D'ye think I was matter is, that, were I a man, I wad hae amends o' born to sit here broggin an elshin through bend-leaJock Porteous, be the upshot what like o't, if a' the ther, when sic men as Duncan Forbes, and that other carles and carlines in England had sworn to the nay. Arniston chield there, without muckle greater parts,

if the close-head speak true, than mysell, maun bs "I would claw down the tolbooth door wil my presidents and king's advocates, nae doubt, and wha nails," said Miss Grizel, but I wad be at him.” but they? Whereas, were favour equally distribute

"Ye may be very right, ladies," said Butler, "but as in the days of the wight Wallace I would not advise you to speak so loud."

"I ken naething we wad hae gotten by the wight "Speak !" exclaimed both the ladies together, Wallace," said Mrs. Saddletree, "unless, as I has *there will be naething else spoken about frae the heard the auld folk tell, they fought in thae days wi' Weigh-house to the Water-gate, till this is either bend leather-guns, and then it's a chance but what if ended or mended."

he had bought them, he might have forgot to pay for The females now departed to their respective places them. And as for the greatness of your parts, Bartof abode. Plumdamas joined the other two gentle ley, the folk in the close-head maun ken mair about men in drinking their meridian, (a bumper-dram of them than I do, if they make sick a report of them." brandy,) as they passed the well-known low-browed "I tell ye, woman," said Saddletree, in high dudshop in the Lawn-market, where they were wont to geon, "that ye ken naething about these matters take that refreshment. Mr. Plumdamas then de- In Sir William Wallace's days, there was naç man parted towards his shop, and Mr. Butler, who hap- pinned down to sic a slavish wark as a saddler's, for pened to have some particular occasion for the rein they got ony leather graith that they had use for readyof an old bridle, (the truants of that busy day could made out of Holland." have anticipated its application,) walked down the "Well," said Butler, who was, like many of his Lawn-market with Mr. Saddletree, each talking as he profession, something of a humorist and dry joker, could get a word thrust in, the one on the laws of if that be the case, Mr. Saddletree, I think we have Scotland, the other on those of Syntax, and neither changed for the better ; since we make our own har. listening to a word which his companion uttered. ness, and only import our lawyers from Holland.

"It's ower true, Mr. Butler," answered Bartoline, with a sigh; "if I had had the luck-or rather, if my

father had had the sense to send me to Leyden and CHAPTER V.

Utrecht to learn the Substitutes and Pandex" Elswhair he colde right woel lay down the law,

"You mean the Institutes--Justinian's Institutes But in his house was meek as is a daw.

Mr. Saddletree ?" said Butler.


and substitutes are synonymous words, "There has been Jock Driver the carrier here, Mr. Butler, and used indifferently as such in deeds of Apeering about his new graith," said Mrs. Saddlétree tailzie, as you may see in Balfour's Practiques, or to her husband, as he crossed his threshold, not with Dallas of St. Martin's Styles. I understand these the purpose, by any means, of consulting him upon things pretty weel, I thank God; but I own I should nis own affairs, but merely to intimate, by a gentle have studied in Holland." recapitulation, how much duty she had gone through " To comfort you, you might not have been furin his absence.

ther forward than you are now, Mr. Şaddletree," "Weel," repliea Bartoline, and deigned not a word replied Mr. Butler ; " for our Scottish advocates are more.

an aristocratic race. Their brass is of the right " And the Laird of Girdingburst has had his rụn- Corinthian quality, and Non cuivis contigit adir. ning foorman here, and ca'd himsell

, (he's a civil Corinthum-Aha, Mr. Saddletree?" pleasant voung gentleman,) to see when the broider- * And aha. Mr. Butler," rejoined Bartoline, upon


whom, as may be well supposed, the jest was lost, rum could be supposed to give way to. •'Was not and all but the sound of the words, "ye said a gliff this girl," he said, "the daughter of David Deans syne it was quivis, and now I heard ye sav cuiris that had the parks at St. Leonard's taken 2 and has with my din ears, as plain as ever I heard a word at she not a sister?" the fore-bar."

"In troth has she-puir Jeanie Deans, ten years "Give me your patience, Mr. Saddle tree, and I'll aulder than hersell; she was here greeting a wee explain the discrepancy in three words," said Butler, while syne about her tittie. And what could I say as pedantic in his own department, though with infi- to her, but that she behooved to come and speak to nitely more judgment and learning, as Bartoline was Mr. Saddletree when he was at hame? It wasna in his self-assumed profession of the law-"Give me that I thought Mr. Saddletree could do her or ony your patience for a moment-You'll grant that the other body muckle good or ill, but it wad aye serve nominative case is that by which a person or thing to keep the puir thing's heart up for a wee while; and is nominated or designed, and which may be called let sorrow come when sorrow maun.". the primary case, all others being formed from it by "Ye're mistaen though, gudewife," said Saddlealterations of the termination in the learned lan- tree scornfully, " for I could hae gien her great satisguages, and by prepositions in our modern Babylo- faction; I could hae proved to her that her sister was nian jargons You'll grant me that, I suppose, Mr. indicted upon the

statute saxteen hundred and ninety, Saddletree !"

chapter one-For the mair ready prevention of child "I dinna ken whether I will or no-ad avisandum, murder--for concealing her pregnancy, and giving no ye ken-naebody should be in a hurry to make admis account of the child which she had borne." sions, either in point of law, or in point of fact," said "I hope," said

Butler, I trust in a gracious God. Saddletree, looking, or endeavouring to look, as if he that she can clear herself.”. understood what was said.

"And sae do I, Mr. Butler," replied Mrs. Saddle "And the dative case," continued Butler

tree. "I am sure I wad hae answered for her as my "I

ken what a tutor dative is," said Saddletree, ain daughter; but, wae's my heart, I had been tender "readily enough."

a' the simmer, and scarce ower the door o' my room "The dative case," resumed the granımärjan, "is for ewal weeks. And as for Mr. Saddletree, he might that in which any thing is given or assigned as pro- be in a lying-in hospital,

and ne'er find out what the perly belonging to a person, or thing-You cannot women cam there for. Sae I conld see little or nae deny that, I am sure."

thing o' her, or I wad hae had the truth o her sitựa" am sure P'll no grant i, .hough,” said Saddle- tion out o'her. I'se warrant ye-But we a' think her tree.

sister maun be able to speak something to clear “Then, what the decoil d'ye take the nominative her." and the dative cases to be?" said Butler, hastily,

and "The haill Parliament House,” said Saddletree, sury rised at once out of his decency of expression and was speaking of naething else, till this job o' Poraceuracy of pronunciation.

teous's put it out o' head-It's a beautiful point of "I'll tell you that at leisure: Mr. Butler," said Sad - presumptive murder, and there's been pane like it in dlet ree, with a very knowing look; "I'll take a day the Justiciar Court since the case of Luckie Smith to sce and answer every article of your condescend- the howdie, that suffered in the year saxteen hundred ence, and then I'll hold you to confess or deny, as and seventy-nine." accords."

But what's the matter wi' you, Mr. Butler ?" said "Come, come, Mr. Şaddletree,” said his wife, the good woman; "ye are looking as white as a "we'll hae nae confessions and condescendences sheet; will ye take a dram?" here, let them deal in thae sort o' wares that are paid * By no means," said Butler, compelling himself to for them they suit the like o' us as ill as a demipique speak. "I walked in from Dumfries yesterday, and saddle would set a draught ox."

this is a warm day." "Aha!" said Mr. Butler, "-Optat ephippia bas pi- "Sit down," said Mrs. Saddletree, laying hands on ger, nothing new under the sun--But it was a fair him kindly, "and rest ye-ye'll kill yoursell, man, at hit of Mrs. Saddletree, however."

that rate - And are we to wish you joy o' getting the "And it wad far better hecome ye, Mr. Saddletree,"schle, Mr. Butler ?" continued his helpmate, since ye say ve hae skeel o' Yes-no-I do not know," answered the young the law, to try if ye can do ony thing for Effie Deans, man vaguely. But Mrs. Saddletree kept him to the puir thing, that's lying op in the tolbooth yonder, point, partly out of real interest, partly from curiosity. cauld, and hungry, and comfortless-A servant lass "Ye dinna ken whether ye are to get the free scule of ours, Mr. Butler, and as innocent a lass, to my O'Dumfries or no, after hinging on and teaching it a' thinking, and as usefu' in the chop-When Mr. Sad- the simmer?" dletree gangs out,--and ye're aware he's seldom at No, Mrs. Saddletree-I am not to have it," re. hame when there's ony o' the plea-houses open, -puir plied Butler, more collectedly. The Laird of Black Effie used to help me to tumble the bundles o bark-at-the-bane had a natural son bred to the kirk, that ened leather up and down, and range out the gudes, the presbytery could not be prevailed upon to license and suit a' body's humours-And troth, she could aye and so". please the customers wi' her answers, for she was aye Ay, ye need say nae mair about it; if there was civil, and a bonnier lass wasna in auld Reekie. And a laird that had a puir kinsman or a bastard that

it when folk were hasty and unreasonable, she could wad suit, there's eneugh said. And ye're e'en come serve them better than me, that am no sae young as back to Libberton to wait for dead men's shoon ?I hae been, Mr. Butler, and a wee bit short in the and, for as frail as Mr. Whackbairn is he may live femper into the bargain. For when there's

ower as lang as you, that are his assistant and succesmony folks crying on me at anes, and nane but ae sor.' tongue to answer them, folk maun speak hastily,

or *Very like,” replied Butler with a sigh ; "I do not they'll ne'er get through their wark-Sae I miss El- know if I should wish it otherwise." fie daily."

Nae doubt it's a very vexing thing," continued "De die in diem," added Saddletree.

the good lady, "to be in that dependant station; and "I think," said Butler, after a good deal of hesita- you that hae right and title to sae muckle better, I țion, “I have seen the girl in the shop-a modest. I wonder how ye bear these crosses.

Quos diligit castigal," answered Butler; "even "Ay, ay, that's just, puir Effie," said her mistress. the pagan Seneca could see an advantage in affliction. "How she was abandoned to hersell, or whether she The Heathens had their philosophy, and the Jews was sackless o' the sinfu' deed, God in Heaven knows; their revelation, Mrs. Saddletree, and they endured but if she's been guilty, she's been sair tempted, and their distresses in their day. Christians have a better I wad amnist take my Bible-aith she hasna been her- dispensation than either -- but doubtless"sell at the time."

He stopped and sighed. Butler had by this time become much agitated; he "I ken what you mean," said Mrs. Saddletree, fidgeted up and down the shop, and showed the looking toward her husband; "there's whiles we greatest agitation that a person of such strict deco- I lose patience in spite of baith book and Pible--Bu

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ye are no gaun awa; and looking sae poorly-ye'll

CHAPTER VI." stay and take some kail wi' us?"

But up then raise all Edinburgh, Mr. Saddletree laid aside Balfour's Practiques,

They all rose up by thousands three (his favourite study, and much good may it do him,)

Johnnie Armstrang's Goodnight to join in his wife's hospitable importunity. But the BUTLER, on his departure from the sign of the teacher declined all entreaty, and took his leave upon Golden Nag, went in quest of a friend of his con. the spot.

nected with the law, of whom he wished to make "There's something in a’ this,” said Mrs. Saddle- particular inquiries concerning the circumstances in tree, looking after him as he walked up the street; which the unfortunate young woman mentioned in "I wonder what makes Mr. Butler sae distressed the last chapter was placed, having, as the reader has about Effie's misfortune--there was nae acquaintance probably already conjectured, reasons much deeper atween them that ever I saw or heard of; but they than those dictated by mere humanity, for interesting were neighbours when David Deans was on the himself in her fate. He found the person he sought Laird o' Dumbiedikes' land. Mr. Butler wad ken absent from home, and was equally unfortunate in her father, or some o' her folk.-Get up, Mr. Saddle- one or two other calls which he made upon acquaint tree--ye have set yoursell down on the very brecham ances whom he hoped to interest in her story. But that wants stitching and here's little Willie, the every body was, for the moment, stark-mad on the prentice.--Ye little rin-there-out deil that ye are, what subject of Porteous, and engaged busily in attacking takes you raking through the gutters to see folk han- or defending the measures of government in repriev. git ?-how wad ye like when it comes to be your ain ing him; and the ardour of dispute had excited such chance, as I winna ensure ye, if ye dinna mend your universal thirst, that half the young lawyers and wrimanners ?--And what are ye maundering and greet- ters, together with their very clerks, the class whom ing for, as if a word were breaking your banes ? Butler was looking after, had adjourned the debate to Gang in by, and be a better bairn another time, and some favourite tavern. It was computed by an extell Peggy to gie ye a bicker o' broth, for ye'll be as perienced arithmetician, that there was as much twogleg as a gled, I'se warrant ye.-It's a fatherless penny ale consumed on the discussion as would have bairn, Mr. Saddletree, and motherless, whilk in some floated a first-rate man-of-war. cases may be waur, and ane would take care o' him Butler wandered about until it was dusk, resolving if they could—it's a Christian duty."

to take that opportunity of visiting the unfortunate : “Very true, gudewife,” said Saddletree, in reply, young woman, when his doing so might be least

we are in loco parentis to him during his years of observed; for he had his own reasons for avoiding pupillarity, and I hae had thoughts of applying to the the remarks of Mrs. Saddletree, whose shop-door Court for a commission as factor loco tutoris, seeing opened at no great distance from that of the jail, there is nae tutor nominate, and the tutor-at-law though on the opposite or south side of the street, and declines to act; but only I fear the expense of the a little higher up. He passed, therefore, through the procedure wad not be in rem ressam, for I am not narrow and partly covered passage leading from the aware if Willie has ony effects whereof to assume the north-west end of the Parliament Square. administration."

He stood now before the Gothic entrance of the He concluded this sentence with a self-important ancient prison, which, as is well known to all men, cough, as one who has laid down the law in an indis-rears its ancient front in the very middle of the High putable manner.

Street, forming, as it were, the termination to a huge "Effects !" said Mrs. Saddletree, “what effects has pile of buildings called the Luckenbooths, which, for the puir wean ?-he was in rags when his mother some inconceivable reason, our ancestors had jammed died; and the blue polonie that Effie made for him into the midst of the principal street of the town, leavout of an auld mantle of my ain, was the first decent ing for passage a narrow street on the north, and on dress the bairn ever had on. Puir Effie! can ye tell the south, into which the prison opens, a narrow me now really, wi' a' your law, will her life be in dan- crooked lane, winding betwixt the high and sombre ger, Mr. Saddletree, when they arena able to prove walls of the Tolbooth and the adjacent houses on the that ever there was a bairn ava?".

one side, and the buttresses and projections of the old “Whoy," said Mr. Saddletree, delighted at having Cathedral upon the other. To give some gayety to for once in his life seen his wife's attention arrested this sombre passage, (well known by the name of the by a topic of legal discussion-"Whoy, there are two Krames,) a number of little booths, or shops, after sorts of murdrum, or murdragium, or what you the fashion of cobblers' stalls, are plastered, as it populariter et rulgariter call murther. I mean there were, against the Gothic projections and abutments, are many sorts; for there's your murthrum, per pigi- so that it seemed as if the traders had occupied with Lias et insidias, and your murthrum under trust,' nests, bearing the same proportion to the building,

"I am sure," replied his moiety," that murther by every buttress and coign of vantage, as the martlet trust is the way that the gentry murther us merchants, did in Macbeth's Castle. Of later years these booths and whiles makes us shut the booth up-but that has have degenerated into mere toy-shops, where the litnaething to do wi' Effie's misfortune."

tle loiterers chiefly interested in such wares are "The case of Effie (or Euphemia) Deans," resumed tempted to linger, enchanted by the rich display of Saidletree, "is one of those cases of murder presump-hobby-horses, babies, and Dutch toys, arranged in tive, that is, a murder of the law's inferring or con- artful and gay confusion ; yet half scared by the cross struction, being derived from certain indicia or looks of the withered pantaloon, or spectacled old grounds of suspicion.”'

lady, by whom these tempting stores are watched and So that,” said the good woman, "unless pnir superintended. But, in the times we write of, the Effie has communicated her situation, she'll be hosiers, the glovers, the hatters, the mercers, the milhanged by the neck, if the bairn was still-born, or if liners, and all who dealt in the miscellaneous wares it be alive at this moment ?"

now termed haberdasher's goods, were to be found " Assuredly,” said Saddlerree, "it being a statute in this narrow alley. inade by our sovereign Lord and Lady, to prevent the To return from our digression. Butler found the horrid delict of bringing forth children in secret- The outer turnkey, a tall, thin, old man, with long silver crime is rather a favourite of the law, this species of hair, in the act of locking the outward door of the murther being one of its ain creation."

jail. He addressed himself to this person, and asked "Then, if the law makes murders," said Mrs. Sad- admittance to Effie Deans, confined upon accusation dletree. "the law should be hanged for them; or if of child-murder. The turnkey looked at him earnestthey wad hang a lawyer instead, the countr, wad ly, and, civilly touching his hat out of respect to Butfind nae faut."

ler's black coat and clerical appearance, replied, “It A summons to their frugal dinner interrupted the was impossible any one could be admitted at present." further progress of the conversation, which was other. You shut up enrlier than usual, probably on acwise like to take a turn much less favourable to the count of Captain Porteous's affair ?'' said Butler. science of jurisprudence and its professors, than Mr. The turnkey, with the true mystery of a persor: in Bartoline Saddletree, the fond admirer of both, had office, gave iwo grave nods, and withdrawing from of its opening anticipated.

the wards a ponderous key of about two feet u

ength, he proceeded to shut a strong plate of steel was, to secure the wicket, of which they did not un which folded down above the keyhole, and was se- derstand the fastenings. The man, terrified at an in. sured by a steel spring and catch. Butler stood still cident so totally unexpected, was unable to perform instinctively while the door was made fast, and then his usual office, and gave the matter up, after several looking at his watch, walked briskly up the street, attempts. The rioters, who seemed to have come muttering to himself almost unconsciously- prepared for every emergency, called for torches, by

Porta adversa, ingens, solidoque adamante columnæ ; the light of which they nailed up the wicket with Vis ut nulla virium, non ipsi exscindere ferro

long nails, which, it appeared probable, they had proCelicola valeant-Stat ferrea turris ad auras-&c.*

vided on purpose. Having wasted half an hour more in a second fruit- While this was going on, Butler could not, even if less attempt to find his legal friend and adviser, he he had been willing,

avoid making

remarks on the thought it time to leave the city and return to his individuals who seemed to lead this singular mob. place of residence, in a small village about two miles The torch-light, while it fell on their forms, and left and a half to the southward of Edinburgh. The me him in the shade, gave him an opportunity to do so tropolis was at this time surrounded by a high wall, without their observing him. Several of those who apwith battlements and flanking projections at some in-peared most active were dressed in sailors' jackets, tervals, and the access was through gates, called in trousers, and sea-caps; others in large loose-bodied the Scottish language ports, which were regularly great-coats, and slouched hats; and there were several shut at night. A small fee to the keepers would in- who, judging from their dress, should have been called dzed procure egress and ingress at any time, through women, whose rough deep voices, uncommon size, and a wicket left for that purpose in the large gate, but it masculine deportment and mode of walking, forbade was of some importance to a man so poor as Butler, them being so interpreted. They moved as if by some to avoid even this slight pecuniary mulct; and fear-well-concerted plan of arrangement. They had signals ing the hour of shutting the gates might be near, he by which they knew, and nicknames by which they dismade for that to which he found himself nearest, al- tinguished each other. Butler remarked, that the name though, by doing so, he somewhat lengthened his of Wildfire was used among them, to which one stout walk homewards. Bristo Port was that by which Amazon seemed to reply. his direct road lay, but the West Port, which leads out

The rioters left a small party to observe the West of the Grass-market, was the nearest of the city gates Port, and directed the waiters, as they valued their to the place where he found himself, and to that, lives, to remain within their lodge, and make no attherefore, he directed his course. He reached the port tempt for that night to repossess themselves of the in ample time to pass the circuit of the walls, and gate. They then moved with rapidity along the low enter a suburb called Portsburgh, chiefly inhabited by street called the Cowgate, the mob of the city every. the lower order of citizens and mechanics. Here he where rising at the sound of their drum, and joining was unexpectedly interrupted,

them. When the multitude arrived at the Cowgate He had not gone far from the gate before he heard Port, they secured it with as little opposition as the the sound of a drum, and, to his great surprise, met former, made it fast, and left a small party to observe a number of persons, sufficient to occupy the whole it. It was afterwards remarked, as a striking in front of the street, and form a considerable mass

be- stance of prudence and precaution, singularly com. hind, moving with great speed towards the gate he bined with audacity, that the parties left to guard had just come from, and having in front of them a those gates did not remain stationary on their posts, drum beating to arms. While he considered how he but flitted to and fro, keeping so near the gates as to should escape a party, assembled, as it might be pre- see that no efforts were made to open them, yet not sumed, for no lawful purpose, they came full on him remaining so long as to have their persons closely and stopped him.

observed. The mob, at first only about one hundred * Are you a clergyman ?" one questioned him. strong, now amounted to thousands, and were inButler replied, that

"he was in orders, but was not creasing every moment. They divided themselves a placed minister."

so as to ascend with more speed the various narrow "It's Mr. Butler from Libberton," said a voice from lanes which lead up from the Cowgate

to the High behind; "he'll discharge the duty as weel as ony Street; and still beating to arms as they went, and

calling on all true Scotsmen to join them, they now " You must turn back with us, sir," said the first filled the principal street of the city. speaker, in a tone civil but peremptory.

The Netherbow Port might be called the Temple"For what purpose, gentlemen ?" said Mr. Butler. bar of Edinburgh, as intersecting the High Street at "I live at ome distance from town--the roads are its termination, it divided Edinburgh, properly so unsafe by night-you will do me a serious injury by called, from the suburb named the Canongate, as stopping me."

Temple-bar separates London from Westminster. It "You shall be sent safely home--no man shall was of the utmost importance to the rioters to postouch a har of your head-but you must and shall sess themselves of this pass, because there was quarcome along with us."

tered in the Canongate at that time a regiment of "But to what purpose or end, gentlemen ?" said infantry, commanded by Colonel Moyle, which might Butler. "I hope you will be so civil as to explain that have occupied the city by advancing through this to me?"

gate, and would possess the power of totally defeat"You shall know that in good time. Come along ing their purpose. The leaders therefore hastened to --for come you must, by force or fair means; and the Netherbow Port, which they secured in the same warn you o look neither to the right hand nor the manner, and with as little trouble, as the other gates, left, and to take no notice of any man's face, but con- leaving a party to watch it, strong in proportion to Bider all that is passing before you as a dream." the importance of the post.

I would it were a dream I could awaken from," The next object of these hardy insurgents was at vaid Butler to himself; but having no means to op- once to disarm the City Guard, and to procure arms pose the vilence with which he was threatened, he for themselves; for scarce any weapons but staves was compeled to turn round and march in front of and bludgeons had been yet seen among them. The the rioters, wo men partly supporting and partly hold. Guard-house was a long, low, ugly building, (remoing him. Iuring this parley the insurgents had made ved in 1787,) which to a fanciful imagination might themselves masters of the West Port, rushing upon have suggested the idea of a long black snail crawling the Waiter (so the people were called who had the up the middle of the High Street, and deforming its charge of he gates) and possessing themselves of beautiful esplanade. This formidable insurrection had the keys. They bolted and barred the folding doors, been so unexpected, that there were no more than the and commanded the person, whose duty it usually ordinary sergeant's guard of the c*ly-corps upon duty; • Wide i the fronting gate, and, raised on higli,

even these were without any surply of powder and With damantine columns threats the sky

ball; and sensible enongh what had raised the storm, Vain ithe force of man, and Heaven's as vain To enly the pillars which the pilo sustain:

and which way it was rolling, could hardly be sud

posed very desirous to expose themselves by a valian DRYDEN'S Virgil, hook vi defence to the animosity of so numerous and despo


Sublire on these & tower of steel is rear'd.


rate a mob, to whom they were on the present occa-) The same vigilance was used to prevent everybody sion much mare than usually obnoxious.

of the higher, and those which, in this case, might be There was a sentinel upon guard, who (that one deemed the more suspicious orders of society, from town-guard soldier might do his duty on that event- appearing in the street, and observing the movements, fui evening) presented his piece, and desired the fore- or distinguishing the persons, of the rioters. Every most of the rioters to stand off. The young amazon, person in the garb of a gentleman was stopped by whon Butler had observed particularly active, sprung small parties of two or three of the mob, who partly upon the soldier, seized his musket

, and after a strug- exhorted, partly required of them, that they should gle succeeded in wrenching it from him, and throw- return to the place from whence they came. "Many a ing him down on the causeway. One or two sol- quadrille table was spoiled that memorable evening; diers, who endeavoured to turn out to he support of for the sedan-chairs of ladies even of the highest their sentinel, were in the same manne seized and rank, were interrupted in their passage from one point disarmed, and the mob without difficulty possessed to another, in despite of the laced footmen and blazthemselves of the Guard-house, disarming and turn-ing flambeaux. This was uniformly done with a deing out of doors the rest of the men on duty. It was ference and attention to the feelings of the terrified remarked, that, notwithstanding the city soldiers had females, which could hardly have been expected from been the instruments of the slaughter which this riot the videttes of a mob so desperate. Those who stopwas designed to revenge, no ill usage or even insult ped the chair usually made the excuse, that there was was offered to them. It seemed as if the vengeance much disturbance on the streets, and that it was abof the people disdained to stoop at any head meaner solutely necessary for the lady's safety that the chair than that which they considered as the source and should turn back. They offered themselves to escort origin of their injuries.

the vehicles which they had thus interrupted in their On possessing themselves of the guard, the first progress, from the apprehension, probably, that some act of the multitude was to destroy the drums, by of those who had casually united themselves to the which they supposed an alarm might be conveyed to riot might disgrace their systematic and determined •he garrison in the castle; for the same reason they plan of vengeance, by those acts of general insult now silenced their own, which was beaten by a and license which are common on similar occasions. voung fellow, son to the drummer of Portsburgh, Persons are yet living who remember to have heard whom they had forced upon that service. Their next from the mouihs of ladies thus interrupted on their business was to distribute among the boldest of the journey in the manner we have described, that they rioters the guns, bayonets, partisans, halberds, and were escorted to their lodging by the young men who battle or Lochaber axes. Until this period the prin stopped them, and even handed ont of their chairs, cipal rioters had preserved silence on the ultimate with a polite attention far beyond what was consist object of their rising, as being that which all knew, ent with their dress, which was apparently that of but none expressed. Now, however, having accom- journeymen mechanics. * It seemed as if the conspiplished all the preliminary parts of their design, they rators, like those who assassinated the Cardinal Bea. raised a tremendous shout of “Porteous! Porteous toun in former days, had entertained the opinion, that To the Tolbooth! To the Tolbooth !"

the work about which they went was a judgment of They proceeded with the same prudence when the Heaven, which, though unsanctioned by the usual object seemed to be nearly in their grasp, as they had authorities, ought to be proceeded in with order and done hitherto when success was more dubious. A gravity. strong party of the rioters, drawn up in front of the While their outposts continued thus vigilant, and Luckenbooths, and facing down the street, prevented suffered themselves neither from fear nor curiosity to all access from the eastward, and the west end of the neglect that part of the duty assigned to them, and defile formed by the Luckenbooths was secured in the while the main guards to the east and west secured same manner; so that the Tolbooth was completely them against interruption, a select body of the riot. surrounded, and those who undertook the task of ers thundered at the door of the jail, and demanded breaking it open effectually secured against the risk instant admission. No one answered, for the onter of interruption.

keeper had prudently made his escape with the keys The magistrates, in the meanwhile, had taken the at the commencement of the riot, and was nowhere alarm, and assembled in a tavern, with the purpose to be found. The door was instantly assailed with of raising some strength to subdue the rioters. The sledge-hammers, iron-crows, and the couliers of deacons, or presidents of the trades, were applied to, ploughs, ready provided for the purpose, with which but declared there was little chance of their authority they prized, heaved, and battered for some time with being respected by the craftsmen, where it was the little effect; for, being of double oak planks, clenched, object to save a man so obnoxious. Mr. Lindsay, both end-long and ath wart, with broad-headed nails, member of parliament for the city, volunteered the the door was so secured as to yield to no means of perilous task of carrying a verbal message from the forcing without the expenditure of much time. The Lord Provost to Colonel Moyle, the commander of rioters, however, appeared determined to gain admite the regiment lying in the Canongate, requesting him tance. Gang after gang relieved each other at the to force the Netherbow Port, and enter the city to put exercise, for, of course, only a few could work at a down the tumult. But Mr. Lindsay declined to charge time; but gang after gang retired, exhausted with himself with any written order, which, if found on their violent exertions, without making much pro his person by an enraged mob, might have cost him gress in forcing the prison-door. Butler had been led his life; and the issue of the application was, that up near to this the principal scene of action; so near, Colonel Moyle, having no written requisition from indeed, that he was almost deafened by the unceathe civil authorities, and having the fate of Porteous sing clang of the heavy fore-haminers against the before his eyes as an example of the severe construc-iron-bound portals of the prison. He began to enLion put by a jury on the proceedings of military men tertain hopes, as the task seemed protracte, that the acting on their own responsibility, declined to en- populace might give it over in despair, orthat some counter the risk to which the Provost's verbal com rescue might arrive to disperse them. There was a munication invited him.

moment at which the latter seemed proballe. More than one messenger was dispatched by dif The magistrates, having assembled ther officers, ferent ways to the Castle, to require the commanding and some of the citizens who were willing to hazard officer a march down his troops, to fire a few can- themselves for the public tranquillity, niw sallied non-shot, or even to throw a shell among the mob, forth from the tavern where they held ther sitting for the purpose of clearing the streets. But so strict and approached the point of danger. Their officers and watchful were the various patrols whoin the riot- went before them with links and torches, vith a ho ers had established in different parts of the street, that rald to read the riot act, if necessary. They easily none of the emissaries of the magistrates could reach * A near relation of the author's used to tell of having peen the gate of the Castle. They were, however, turned stopped by the rioters, and escorted home in the nanuer des back

without cither injury or insult, and with nothing scribed. Ón reaching her own home, one of her atendants, 13 ore of menace than was necessary to detor them chair

, and took leave with a bow, which, in the lades opinion, im again attempting to accomplish their en and. argued breeding that could hardly be learned beside he over


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