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Tus author has stated in the preface to the Chronicles of the * In short, every answer I received only
tended to increase Canongate, 1897, that he received from an anonymous corres- my regret, and raise my opinion of Helen Walker, who could pondent an account of the incident upon which the following unite so much prudence with so much heroic virtue." story is founded. He is now at liberty to say, that the informa- This narrative was enclosed in the following letter to the aution was conveyed to him
by a late amiable and ingenious lady, thoi, without date or signature whose wit and power of remarking and judging of character "Śın,
--The occurrence just related happened to me 26 years still survive in the memory of her friends. Her maiden name ago. Helen Walker lies buried in the churchyaru of Irongray, was Miss Helen Lawson, or Girthhead, and she was wife of about six miles from Dumfries. I once proposed that a imali Thomas Goldie, Esq., of Craigmuie, Commissary of Dumfries. monument should have been erected to commemorate so reHer communication was in these words:
markable a character, but I now prefer leaving it to you to per"I had taken for summer lodgings a cottage near the old Ab-petuate her memory in a more durable manner. bes of Lincluden. It had formerly been inhabited by a lady The reader is now able to judge how far the author has imwho had pleasure in embellishing cottages, which she found proved upon, or fallen short of, the pleasing and interesting perhaps homely and even poor enough; mine therefore possessed sketch of high principle and steady affection displayed by Helen many marks of taste and elegance unusual in this species of Walker, the prototype of the fictitious Jeanie Deans. Mrs. habitation in Scotland, where a cottage is literally what its name Goldie was unfortunately
dead before the author had given his declares.
name to these volumes, so he lost all opportunity of thanking "From my cottage door I had a partial view of the old Abbey that lady for her highly valuable
communication. But her before mentioned; some of the highest arches were seen over, daughter, Miss Goldie, obliged him with the following addiand some through, the trees scattered along a lane which led tional information. down to the ruin, and the strange fantastic shapes of almost all "Mrs. Goldie endeavoured to collect further particulars of those old ashes accorded wonderfully well with the building Helen Walker, particularly concerning her journey to London, they at once shaded and ornamented.
but found this nearly impossible; as the natural dignity of her "The Abbey itself from my door was almost on a level with character, and a high sense of family respectability, made her the cottage; but on coming to the end of the lane, it was disso indissolubly connect her sister's disgrace with her own exercovered to be situated on a high perpendicular bank, at the foot tions, that none of her neighbours durst ever question her upon of which run the clear waters of the Cluden, where they hasten the subject. One old woman, a distant relation of Helen's,
and to join the sweeping Nith,
who is still living, says she worked an harvest with her, but that Whose distant roaring swello and fa's."
she never ventured to ask her about her sister's trial, or her
journey to London ; 'Helen,' she added,' was a lofty body, and As my kitchen and parlour were not very far distant, I one day used a high
style o' language. The same old
woman says, that went in to purchase some chickens from a person I heard offer every year Helen received a cheese from her sister, who lived ing them for sale. It was a little, rather stout-looking woman, at Whitehaven, and that she always sent a liberal portion of it who seemed to be between seventy and eighty years of age ; she to herself or to her father's
family. This fact, though trivial in was almost covered with
a tartan plaid,
over it itself, strongly marks the affection subsisting between the two a black silk hood, tied under tho chin, a piece of dress still sisters, and the complete conviction on the mind of the crimimuch in use among elderly women of that rank of life in Scot-nal, that her sister had acted solely from high
principle, and not land; her eyes were dark, and remarkably lively and intelligent: from any want
of feeling, which another small but chai acterisI entered into conversation with her, and began by asking
how tic trait will further illustrate. A gentleman, a relation of Mrs. she maintained hersell, &c.
Goldie's, who happened to be travelling in the North of Eng. "She said that in winter she footed stockings, that is, knit land, on coming to a small inn, was shown into the parlour by feet to country people's stockings, which bears about the same a female servant, who, after cautiously shutting the door, said, relation to stocking-knitting that cobbling does to shoe-making, Sir, I'm Nelly Walker's sister.' Thus practically showing that and is of course both less profitable and less dignified; she she considered her sister as better known by lier high conduct, likewise taught a few children to read, and in summer she whiles than even herself by a different kind of celebrity, reared a few chickens.
“Mrs. Goldie was extremely anxious to have a tombstone and "I said I could venture to guess from her face she had never an inscription upon it, erected in Irongray churchyard : and if been married. She laughed heartily at this, and said, 'I maun Sir Walter Scott will condescend to write the last, a little subhae the queerest face that ever was seen, that ye could guess scription could be easily raised in the immediate
neighbourhood, that. Now, do tell me, madam, how ye cam to think sae?' i and Mrs. Goldie's wish be thus
fulfilled.” told her it was from her cheerful disengaged countenance. She It is scarcely necessary to add, that the request of Miss Goldio said, 'Mem, have ye na far mair reason to be happy than me, will be most willingly complied with, and without the necessity wi' á gude husband and a fine family o bairns, and plenty of of any tax on the public. Nor is there much occasion to repeat every thing 1 for me, I'm the
puirest o' a' puir bodies, and can how much the author conceives himself obliged to his unknown hardly contrive to keep
mysell alive in a' the wee bits o' ways correspondent, who thus afforded him a theme affording such a I hae tell't ye. After some more conversation, during wbich I pleasing view of the moral dignity of virtue, though unaided was more and more pleased with the old woman's sensible con- by birth, beauty, or talent. If the picture
has suffered in the versation, and the natuete of her remarks, she rose to go away, execution, it is from the failure of the author's powers to prewhen I asked her name. Her countenance suddenly clouded, sent in detail the same simple and striking portrait, exhibited in and she said gravely, rather colouring, 'My name is Helen Mrs. Goldie's letter. Walker ; but your husbatid kens weel about me.'
ABBOTSFORD, April 1, 1830. "In the evening I related how much I had been pleased, and inquired what was extraordinary in the history of the poor woman. Mr. said, there were perhaps few more remark
TO THE BEST OF PATRONS, able people than Helen Walker. She had been left an orphan, with the charge of a sister considerably younger than herself,
A PLEASED AND INDULGENT READER, and who was educated and maintained by her exertions. At
JEDEDIAH CLEISHBOTHAM tached to her by so many ties, therefore, it will not be easy to conceive her feelings, when she found that this only sister must
WISHES HEALTH, AND INCREASE, AND CONTENTMENT. be tried by the laws of her country for child-murder, and upon COURTEOUS READER, being called as principal witness against her. The counsel for If ingratitude comprehendeth every vice, surely so foul a stain the prisoner told Helen, that if she could declare that her sister worst of all beseeineth him whose life has been devoted to inhad made any preparations, however slight, or had given herstructing youth in virtue and in humane letters. Therefore have any intimation on the subject, that such a statement would save I chosen, in this prolegomenon, to unload my burden of thanka her sister's life, as she was the principal witness against her. at thy feet, for the favour with which thou hast kindly enterHelen said, 'It is impossible for me to swear to a falsehood; tained the Tales of my Landlord. Certes, if thou hast chuckled and, whatever may be the consequence, I will give my oath ac- over their facetious and festivous descriptions, or hast thy mind cording to my conscience.
filled with pleasure at the strange and pleasant turns of fortune "The trial came on, and the sister was found guilty and con- which they record, verily, I have also simpered when I beheld demned; but, in Scotland, six weeks must elapse between the a second story with attics, that has arisen on the basis of my sentence and the execution, and. Helen Walker availed herself small domicile at Gandercleugh, the walls having been aforeof it. The very day of her sister's condemnation, she got a hand pronounced by Deacon Barrow to be capable of enduring petition drawn up, stating the peculiar circumstances of the such an elevation. Nor has it been without delectation, that case, and that very night set out on foot to London.
have endued a new coat, (snuff brown, and with metal buttons "Without introduction or recommendation, with her simple having all nether garments corresponding thereto. We do there. (perhaps ill-expressed) petition,
drawn up by some inferior clerk fore lie, in respect of each other, under a reciprocation of beneof the court, she presented herself, in her tartan plaid and coun: fits, whereof those received by me being the most solid, (in try attire, to the late Duke of Argyle, who immediately
procured respect that a new house and a new coat are better than a new the pardon she petitioned for, and Helen returned with it, on tale and an old song.) it is meet that my gratitude should be foot, just in time to save her sister,
expressed with the louder voice and more preponderating vehe*7 was so strongly interested by this narrative, that I deter- mence. And how should it be so expressed !--Certainly not mined immediately to prosecute my acquaintance with Helen in words only, but in act and deed. It is with this sole
purpose, Walker ; but as I was to leave the country next day, I was and disclaiming all intention of purchasing that pendicle or obliged to defer it till my return in spring, when the first walki poftle of land called the Carlinescroft, lying adjaceni to my gartook was to Helen Walker's cottage.
den, and measuring seven acres, three roods, and four perches, She had died a short time before. My regret was extreme, that I have committed to the eyes of those who thought well ol and I endeavoured to obtain some account of Helen from an old the former tomes, these four additional volumes of the Tales of woman who inhabited the other end of her cottage. I inquired my Landlord. Not the less, if Peter Prayfort be minded to soli if Helen ever spoke of her past history, her journey to London, the said poffle, it is at his own choice to say so; and, peradven&c. 'Na,' the old woman said, 'Helen was a wily body, and ture, he may meet with a purchaser : unless (gentle reader) the Whenever ony o' the neebors asked any thing about it, slo aye pleasing portraictures of Peter Pattieson, now giver anto the turned the conversation.'
in particular, and unto the public in general, shall have lost theu
faveur dorthine eresthere any want distrust five randame thike her inte una de les meild Walter, and the
like her husband, had conformed to the Quaker lenets. should thy lawful occasions call thee to the town of Gander: The interest possessed by Sir William Scott and Makerston was power cleugh, a place frequented by most at one time or other in their ful enough to procure the iwo following acts of the Privy Council
of Scol lives, I will enrich thine eyes with a sight of those precious
land, directed against Walter of Raeburn as an heretic and convert to manuscripts whence thou hast derived to mpala delectation entrena then les that of Sedonoghi and his children to be taken by florice from
Quakeriem, appointing him to be imprisoned first in Edinburgh Jail, and from my bottle of strong waters, called, by the learned of Gan the society and direction of their parents, and educated at a distance from dercleugh, the Dominie's Dribble o Drink.
them, besides the assignment of a sum for their maintenance, sufficien
in those times to be burdensome to moderate Scottish eslate. It is there, o highly esteemed and beloved reader, thou wilt be
" Apud Edin. vigesimo Jupil 1665. able to hear testimony, through the medium of thine own senses, “The Lords of his Magesty's Privy Council having receaved informa Against the children of vanity, who have sought to identify thy Lion that Scott of Raeburn, and Isobel Mackdougall, his wife, being friend and servant with 1 know not what inditer of vain fables i infected with the error of Quakerism, doe endeavour to breid and who hath cumbered the world with his devices, but shrunken traine up William, Walter, and Isobel Scotts, their children, in the from the responsibility thereof. Truly, this hath been well same profession, doe therefore give order and command to Sir William termed a generation hard of faith ; since whɛt can a man do to Scott of Harden, the said Raeburn's brother,
to seperat and take away assert his property in a printed tome, saving to put his name in the saids children from the custody and society of the saids patents, the title-page thereof, with his description, or designation, as and to cause educat and bring them up in his owne house, or any other the lawyers term it, and place of abode or a surety I would convenient place, and ordaines leciers to be direct at the said Sir WIL have such sceptics consider how they themselves would brook liam's instance against Raeburn, for a maintenance to the saids chil to have their works ascribed to others, their names and profes: dren, and that the said Sir Wm. give ane account of his diligence with
all conveniency," sions imputed as forgeries, and their very existence brought
into question; even although, peradventure, it may be it is of little
"Edinburgh, 5th July 1666. consequence to any but themselves, not only whether they are and in name and behalf of the three children of Walter Scott of Rae
"Anent a petition presented be Sir Wrn. Scout of Harden, for himselt living or dead, but even whether they ever lived or no. Yet have burn, his brother, showing that
the Lords of Councill, by ane act of my maligners carried their uncharitable censures still further. .
the 22d day of Junii 1665, did grant power and warrand to the petition These cavillers have not only doubted mine identity, althougher, to separat and take away Raeburn's children, from his family and thus plainly proved, but they have impeached my veracity and education, and to breed them in come convenient place, where they 1
the authenticity of my historical narratives 1 Verily, I can only might be free from all 'nfection in their younger years, from the prine! say in answer, that I have been cautelous in quoting mine authopalls of Quakerism, and, for maintenance of the saids children, did rities. It is true, indeed, that if I had hearkened with only one
ordain letters to be direct against Raeburn and, seeing the Petitioner, ear, I might have rehearsed my tale with more acceptation from in obedience to the said order, did take away the saids children, being those who love to hear but half the truth. It is, it may hop, not
two sonnes and daughter, and after some paines taken upon them altogether to the discredit of our kindly uation of Scotland, in his owne family, hes sent them to the city of Glasgow, to be bread that we are apt to take an interest, warm, yea partial, in the religion, and that it is necessary the Councill determine what
shall deeds and sentiments
of our forefathers. He whom his adversa. be the maintenance for which Raeburn's three children may be charg: ries describe as a perjured prelatist, is desirous that his prede:ed, as likewise that Raeburn himself, being now in the Tolbooth of cessors should
be held moderate in their power, and just in their Edinburgh, where he dayley converses with all the Quakers who are execution of its privileges, when, truly, the unimpassioned po prisoners there, and others who daily resort to them, whereby he is rurer of the Annals of those times shall deem them sanguinary, violent, and tyrannical. Again, the representatives of the surt recovery, unlesse he be separat from such pernitious company, humbly fering nonconformists desire that their ancestors, the Camero- thercfure, desyring that the Councell might determine upon the soume nians, shall be represented not simply as honest enthusiasts, op of money to be payed be Raeburn, for the education of his children, to pressed for conscience-sake, but persons of fine breeding, and the petitioner, who will be countable therefore ; and that, in order to valiant heroes. Truly, the historian cannot gratify these predis his conversion, the place
of bis imprisonment may be changed. The lections, Ho must needs describe the cavaliers as proud and Lords of his Maj. Privy Councell having av length heard and considered high-spirited, cruel, remorseless, and vindictive; the suffering the foresaid petition, doe modifie the soume of two thousand pounds party as honourably tenacious of their opinions under persecu. Scots, to be payed yearly at the terme of Whitsunday be the said Wal tion; their own tempers being, however, sullen, fierce, and rude; ter Scott of Raeburn, furth of his estate to the petitioner, for the entes
tainment and education of the said children, beginning the first termen their opinions absurd and extravagant, and their whole course of conduct that of persons whom hellebore would better have
payment therof at Whitsunday last for the half year preceding, and suited than prosecutions unto death for high-treason. Nathe. Furder orders, and ordaines the said Walter Scou of Raeburn to be
so furth yearly, at the said terme of Whitsunday in tym comeing till less, while such and so preposterous were the opinions on either transported from
the tolbooth of Edinburgh
to the prison of Jedburgh, side, there were, it cannot be doubted, men of virtue and worth where his friends and others may have occasion to convert him. And on both, to entitle either party to claim merit from its martyrs, to the effect he may be secured from the ractice of other Quakers, the
has been demanded of me, Jodediah Cleishbotham, by what said Lords doe hereby discharge the magistrates of Jedburgh to suffer right I am entitled to constitute myself
an impartial judge of any persons suspect of these principles to have access to him, and in their discrepances of opinions, seeing (as it is stated) that I case any contraveen, that they secure ther persons till they be therford must necossarily have descended from one or other of the con-puniest ; and ordaines letters to be direct heirupon in form, as effeirs." tending parties, and be, of course, wedded for better or for worse, Both the sons, thus harshly separated from their father, proved good according to the reasonable practice of Scotland, to its dogma scholars. The eldest, William, who carried on the line of Raeburn, ta, or opinions, and bound, as it were, by the tie matrimonial, was, like his father, a deep Orientalist; the younger, Walter, became ? or, to speak without metaphor, ex jure sanguinis, to maintain brated Dr. Pitcairn, and a Jacobite so distinguished for zeal, that he
good classical scholar, a great triend and correspondent of the cele them in preference to all others. But,
nothing denying the rationality of the rule, which calls mede a vol never to shave his beard till the restoration of the exiled on all now living to rule their political and religious opinions by farnily. This last Walter Scout was the author's great grandfather.
There is yet another link betwixt the anthor and the simple-minded those of their great-grandfathers, and inevitable as seems the
and excellent Society of Friends, through a proselyte of much more one or the other horn of the dilemma betwixt which my adver- importance than Walter Scott of Raeburn. The celebrated John Swinsaries conceive they have pinned me to the wall, I yet spy some ton of Swinton, xixth baron in descent of that ancient and once power means of refuge, and claim a privilege to write and speak of ful family, was, with Sir William Lockhart of Lee, the person whora both parties with impartiality. For, Oye powers of logic! when Cromwell chiefly trusted in the management of the Scottish affairs dur the Prolatists and Presbyterians of old times went together by ing his usurpation. After the Restoration, Swinton was devoted as a the ears in this unlucky country, my ancestor (venerated be his victim to the new order of things, and was brought down in the same memory !) was one of the people called Quakers, and suffered versel which conveyed the Marquis of Argyle to Edinburgh, where that severe handling from either side, even to the extenuation of his
nobleman was tried and executed. Swinton was destined to the same purse and the incarceration of his person.
fate. He had assumed the habit, and entered into the society of the Craving thy pardon, gentle Reader, for these few words con
Quakers, and appeared as one of their number before the Parliament cerning me and inine, 1 rest, as above expressed, thy sure and
of Scotland. He renounced all legal defence, though several plens obligated friend,
were open to him, and answered, in conformity to the principles of his
set, that at the time these crimes were imputed to him, he was in the GANDERCLEUGH, this 1st of April, 1818.
gall of bitterness and bond of iniquity ; but that God Almighty having
since called him to the light, he saw and acknowledged these errors, • It is an old proverb, that many a true word is spoken in jest." The and did not refuse to pay the forfeit of them, even though, in the judgexistence of Walter Scott, third son of Sir William Scott of Harden, isment of the Parliament, it should extend to lle itself instrueted, as it is called by a charter under the great seal, Domino Wil- Respect to fallen greatness, and to the patience and calin resignation lelmo Scott de Harden Militi, et Waltero Scotl suo filio legítimo tertio with which a man once in high power expressed himself under such a genito, terraran de Roberton. The munificent old gentleman left all his change of fortune, found Swinton friends ; family counexions, and four sons considerable estates, and settled those of Eilrig and Raeburn, some interested considerations of Middleton the commissioner, joined Logether with valuable possessions around Lessudden, upon Walter, his to procure his safety, and he was dismissed, but after a long imprison third son, who is ancestor of the Scotts of Raeburn, and of the Author of ment, and much dilapidation of his estates. It is said, that Swinton's Waverley. He appears to have become a convert to the doctrine of
the admonitions, while confined in the Castle of Edinburgh, had a consiLuakers, or Friends, and a great assertor of their peculiar tenets. This derable share in converting to the tenets of the Friends Colonel David was probably at the time when
George Fox, the celebrated apostle of the Barelay, then lying there in garrison. This was the father of Robert rect, made an expedition into the south of Scotland about 1657, on which Barclay, author of the celebrated Apology for the Quakers. It may be THE
observed among the inconsistencies of human nature, that Kirkton, ground, he felt the seed of grace to sparkle about him like innumerable Wodrow, and other Presbyterian agthors, who have detailed the soffer? sparks of fire." Upon the same occasion, probably, Sir Gideon Scottings of their own sect for non-conformity with the established church,
i Highchester, second son of Sir William, immediate elder brother censure the government of the time for not exerting the civil power or Walter, and akcestor of the author's friend and kitsman, the pre: against the peaceful enthusiasts we have treated of, and some express Rent representative of the family of Harden, also embraced the tenets particular chagrin at the escape of Swinton. Whatever might be his ol Quavery. This last convert, Gideon, entered into a controversy, motives for assuming the tenets of the Priends, the old man retained with the Rev. James Kirklou, auther of the Secret and True History of them faithfully till the close of his life. me Church of Scotland, which is noticed by my ingenious friend Mr. Jean Swinton,
grand-daughter of Sir John Swinton, son of Judge Charles Kirkpatricke Sharpe, in his valuable and curious edition of that Swinton, as the Quaker was usually termed. was mother of Anne Roth work, 4to, 1817. Sir William Scott, eldest of the brothers, remained, erford, the author's mother, said the defection of his two younger brethren, an orthodox member And thus, as in the play of the Anu-Jacobin, the ghost of the author's of the Presbyterian Church, and used such means for reclaiming Walo grandmother having arisen to speak the Epilogue, it usull time to come e of Raeburn from his heresy, as savoured far more of persecution clude, lest the reader should reinonstrate that his desire to know ide hea persuasion. In ibis he was assisted by MacDougal of Makerston, Author of Waverley never included a wish to be acquainted with bb See Douglas'. Baromge, page 215.
It was a fine summer day, and our little school had BEING INTRODUCTORY.
obtained a half holiday, by the intercession of a good.
humoured visiter. I expected by the coach a new So nown thy hill, romantic Ashbourn, glides
number of an interesting periodical publication, and 'The Derby dilly, carrying six insides.
walked forward on the highway to meet it, with the The times have changed in nothing more (we fol- inpatience which Cowper has described as actualow as we were wont the manuscript of Peter Pat- ting the resident in the country when longing for tieson) than in the rapid conveyance of intelligence intelligence from the mart of news: and communication betwixt one part of Scotland and
*** The grand debate, another. It is not above twenty or thirty years, ac- The popular harangue.-the tart reply-cording to the evidence of many credible witnesses The logic, and the wisdom, and the wit, now alive, since a little miserable horse-cart, per- and the loud laugh, I long to know them all ; forming with difficulty a journey of thirty miles per
I burn to set the imprison' wranglers free,
And give them voice and utterance again. diem, carried our mails from the capital of Scotland to its extremity. Nor was Scotland much more de- It was with such feelings that I eyed the approach ficient in these accommodations, than our richer of the new coach, lately established on our road, and sister had been about eighty years before. Fielding, known by the name of the Somerset, which, to say in his Tom Jones, and Farquhar, in a little farce the truth, possesses some interest for
me, even when called the Stage-Coach, have ridiculed the slowness it conveys no such important information. The of these vehicles of public accommodation. Accord, distant tremulous sound of its wheels was heard just ing to the latter authority, the highest bribe could as I gained the summit of the gentle ascent, called only induce the coachman to promise to anticipate the
Goslin-brae, from which you command an extenby half an hour the usual time of his arrival at the sive view down the valley of the river Gander. The Bull and Mouth.
public road, which comes up the side of that stream, But in both countries these ancient, slow, and sure and crosses it at a bridge about a quarter of a mile modes of conveyance, are now alike unknown : mail: from the place where was standing, runs partly coach races against mail-coach, and high-flyer against through enclosures and plantations, and partly through high-flyer, through the remote districts of Britain. open pasture land. It is a childish amusement per And in our village alone, three post-coaches, and four haps--but my life has been spent with children, and coaches with men armed, and in scarlet cassocks, why should not my pleasures be like theirs ?-childish thunder through the streetseach day, and rivalin bril- as it is then, I must own I have had great pleasure liancy and noise the invention of the celebrated tyrant: in watching the approach of the carriage, where the Demens, qui nimbos et non imitabile fulmen,
openings of the road permit it to be seen. The gay Ære et corripedum pulsu, simularat, equorum,
glancing of the equipage, its diminished and toy-like
appearance at a distance, contrasted with the rapidity Now and then, to complete the resemblance, and of its motion, its appearance and disappearance at to correct the presumption of the venturous cha- intervals, and the progressively increasing sounds rioteers, it does happen that the career of these dash- that announce its nearer approach, have all to the ing rivals of Salmoneus meets with as undesirable idle and listless spectator, who has nothing more and violent a terinination as that of their prototype. important to attend to, something of awakening in It is on such occasions that the Insides and Outsides, terest. The ridicule may attach to me, which is to use the apropriate vehicular phrases, have reason to Aung upon
many an honest citizen, who watches rue the exchange of the slow and safe motion of the from the window of his
villa the passage of the stageancient Fly-coaches, which, compared with the cha-coach; but it is a very natural source of amusement riots of Mr. Palmer, so ill deserve the name. The notwithstanding, and many of those who join in the ancient vehicle used to settle quietly down, like a ship laugh are perhaps not unused to resort to it in secret. seuttled and left to sink by the gradual influx of the On the present occasion, however, fate had decreed waters, while the modern is sinashed to pieces with that I should not enjoy the consummation of the the velocity of the same vessel hurled against break- amusement by seeing the coach rattle past' me as I ers, or rather with the fury of a bomb bursting at the sat on the turf
, and hearing the horse grating voice conclusion of its career through the air. The late of the guard as he skimmed forth for my grasp the ingenious Mr. Pennant, whose humour it was to set expected packet, without the carriage checking its his face in stern opposition to these speedy, convey- course for an instant. I had seen the vehicle thunder ances, had collected, I have heard, a formidable list down the hill that leads to the bridge with more than of such casualties, which, joined to the imposition its usual impetuosity, glittering all the while by of innkeepers, whose charges the passengers had no Aashes from a cloudy tabernacle of the dust which i time to dispate, the sauciness of the coachman, and had raised, and leaving a train behind it on the road the uncontrolled and despotic authority of the tyrant resembling a wreath of summer mist. But it did not called the Guard, held forth a picture of horror, to appear on the top of the nearer bank within the usual which murder, theft, fraud, and peculation, lent all space of three minutes, which frequent
obs'rvation their dark colouring. But that which gratifies the had enabled me to ascertain was the medium time impatience of the human disposition will be practised for crossing the bridge and mounting the ascent, in the teeth of danger, and in defiance of admonition; When
double that space had elapsed, I became alarm and, in despite of the Cambrian antiquary, mail ed, and walked hastily forward. As I came in sight coaches not only roll their thunders round the base of the bridge, the cause of delay was too manifest, los of Penman-Maur and Cader-Edris, but
the Somerset had made a summerset in good earnest, Frighted Skiddaw hears afar
and overturned so completely, that it was literally The rattling of the unscythed car.
resting upon the ground, with the roof undermost, And perhaps the echoes of Ben-Nevis may soon be and the four wheels in the air. The “exertions of awakened by the
bugle, not of a warlike chieftain, * His Honour Gilbert Goslinn of Ganderclough; for love but of the guard of a mail-coach.
be precise in matters of importance.-. C.
the guard and coachraan," both of whom were grate those means of recommendation which are necessary fully commemorated in the newspapers, having suc- passports to the hospitality of an inn. ceeded in disentangling the horses by cutting the I ventured to call the attention of the two dashing harness, were now proceeding to extricate the insides young, blades, for such they seemed, to the desolate by a sort of summary and Cæsarean process of deli-1 condition of their fellow-traveller. They took the very, forcing the hinges from one of the doors which hint with ready good-nature. they could not open otherwise. In this manner were "O, true, Mr. Bunover,"
said one of the youngsters, womb of the leathern conveniency. As they imme- and have some dinner with us-Halkit and I must diately began to settle their clothes, which were a have a post-chaise to go on, at
, and we will little deranged, as may be presumed, I concluded they set you down wherever suits you best." had received no injury, and did not venture to obtrude The poor man, for such his dress, as well as his difmy services at their toilette, for which, I understand, fidence, bespoke him, made the sort of acknowledging bave since been reflected upon by the fair sufferers bow by which saye a Scotchiman, "It's too muck their elevated situation by a shock resembling the behind his gay patrons, all three besprinkling the springing of a mine, escaped, nevertheless, with the dusty road as they walked along with the moisture of usual allowance of scratches and bruises; excepting their drenched garments, and exhibiting the singular three, who, having been pitched into the river Gan- and somewhat ridiculous appearance of three persons der, were dimly seen contending with the tide, like suffering from the opposite extreme of humidity, while the relics of Æneas's shipwreck,
the summer sun was at its height, and everything Rari apparent rantes in gurgite vasto.
else around them had the expression of heat and
drought. The ridicule did not escape the young genI applied my poor exertions where they seemed tollemen themselves, and they had made what might be most needed, and with the assistance of one or be received as one or two tolerable jests on the subtwo of the company who had escaped unhurt, casily ject before they had advanced far on their peregrisucceeded in fishing out two of the unfortunate pas- nation. sengers, who were stout active young fellows; and We cannot complain, like Cowley,” said one of but for the preposterous length of their great-coats, them," that Gideon's fleece remains dry, while all and the equally fashionable latitude and longitude of around is moist; this is the reverse of the miracle." their Wellington trousers, would have required little "We ought to be received with gratitude in this assistance from any one. The third was sickly and good town we bring a supply of what they seem to elderly, and might have perished but for the efforts need most,' said Halkit. used to preserve him.
"And distribute it with unparalleled generosity," When the two great-coated gentlemen had extrica- replied his companion ; " performing the part of three ted themselves from the river, and shaken their ears water-carts for the benefit of their dusty roads." like huge water-dogs, a violent altercation ensued be- "We come before them, too,” said Halkit, "in full twixt them and the coachman and guard, concerning professional force--counsel and agent"the cause of their overthrow, In the course of the "And client," said the young advocate, looking squabble, I observed that both my new acquaintances behind him. And then added, lowering his voice belonged to the law, and that their professional" that looks as if he had kept such dangerous comsharpness was likely to prove an over-match for the pany too long." surly and official tone of the guardians of the vehicle, It was, indeed, too true, that the humble follower The dispute ended in the guard assuring the pas- of the gay young men had the threadbare appearance sengers that they should have seats in a heavy coach of a worn-out litigant, and I could not but smile at which would pass that spot in less than half an hour, the conceit, though anxious to conceal my mirth from providing it were not full. Chance seemed to favour the object of it. this arrangement, for when the expected vehicle ar- When we arrived at the Wallace Inn, the elder of rwed, Haere were only two places occupied in a car- the Edinburgh gentlemen, and whom I understood siąge which professed to carry six. The two ladies to be a barrister, insisted that I should remain and who had been disinterred out of the fallen vehicle take part of their dinner; and their inquiries and were readily admitted, þut positive objections were demands speedily put my landlord and bis whole stated by those previously in possession to the admit- family in motion to produce the best cheer which the tance of the two lawyers, whose wetted garments larder and cellar afforded, and proceed to cook it to being much of the nature of well-soaked spunges, the best advantage, a science in which our entertainthere was every reason to believe they would resund ers seemed to be admirably skilled. In other
respects a considerable part of the water they had collected, they were lively young men, in the hey-dạy of youth to the inconvenience of their fellow-passengers. On and good spirits, playing the part which is common the other hand, the lawyers rejected a seat on the to the higher classes of the law at Edinburgh, and roof, alleging that they had only taken that station which nearly resembles that of the young templars for pleasure for one stage, but were entitled in all re- in the days of Steele and Addison. An air of giddy spects to free egress and regress from the interior, to gayety mingled with the good sense, taste, and inwhich their contract positively referred. After some formation which their conversation exhibited; and altercation, in which something was said upon the it seemed to be their object to unite the character of edict Naula, caupones, stabularii, the coach went men of fashion and lovers of the polite arts. A fine off, leaving the learned gentlemen to abide by their gentleman, bred up in the thorough idleness and inaction of damages.
anity of pursuit
, which I understand is absolutely They immediately applied to me to guide them to necessary to the character in perfection, might in all the next village and the best inn; and from the ac, probability have traced a linge of professional pedancount I gave them of the Wallace-Head, declared try, which marked the barrister in spite of his efforts, they were much better pleased to stop there than to and something of active bustle in his companion, and go forward upon the terms of that impudent scoun- would certainly bave detected more than a fashionadrel the guard of the Somerset. All that they now ble mixture of information and animated interest in wanted was a lad to carry their travelling bags, who the language of bo!hBut to me, who had no prewas easily procured from an adjoining cottage, and tensions to be so crițical, my companions seemed to they prepared to walk forward, when they found ihere form a very happy mixture of good-breeding and libewas another passenger in the same deserted situa- ral information, with a disposition to lively rattle, rion with themselves. This was the elderly and sick- pun, and jest, amusing to a grave man, because it is by-looking person, who had been precipitated into the what he himself can least easily command. siver along with the two young lawyers. He, it seems, The thin pale-faced man, whom their good-nature had been too modest to push his own plea against had brought into their society,
looked out of place, as Die cuachman when he saw that of his betters reject, well as out of spirits; sate on the edge of his seat, ed, and now remained behind with a look of timid and kept the chair at two feet distance from the table anxiety, plainly intimating that he was deficient in I thus incommoding himself considerably in conveying the victuals to his mouth, as if by way of penance for. "Not entirely, my friend," said Hardie; "a prison partaking of them in the company of his superiors. is a world within itself, and has its own business A short ime after dinner, declining all entreaty to griefs, and joys, peculiar to its circle. Its inunatea partake of the wine, which circulated freely round, he are sometimes short-lived, but so are soldiers on serinformed himself of the hour when the chaise had vice; they are poor relatively to the world without been ordered to attend; and saying he would be in but there are degrees of wealth and poverty among readiness modestly withdrew from the apartment, them, and so some are relatively rich also. They
"Jack," said the barrister to his companion, "I cannot stir abroad, but neither can the garrison of a remember that poor fellow's face; you spoke more besieged fort, or the crew of a ship at sea; and they truly than you were aware of; he really is one of my are not under a dispensation quite so desperate as lients, poor man."
either, for they may have as much food as they have "Poor man !" echoed Halkit-" I suppose you mean money to buy, and are not obliged to work whether ne is your one and only client ?''.
they have food or not.". "That's not
my fault, Jack," replied the other, But what variety of incident," said I, (not withwhose name I discovered was Hardie. You are to out a secret view to my present task,) " could possigive me all your business, you know; and if you have bly be derived from such a work as you are pleased none, the learned gentleman here knows nothing can to talk of ?".
"Infinite," replied the young advocate. "What"You seem to have brought something to nothing ever of guilt, crime imposture, folly, unheard-of misthough, in the case of that honest man. He looks as fortunes, and unlooked-for change of fortune, can be if he were just about to honour
with his residence the found to chequer life, my Last Speech of the Tolbooth HEART OF MID-LOTHIAN.".
should illustrate with examples sufficient to gorge * You are mistaken-he is just delivered from it.-even the public's all-devouring appetite for the wonOur friend here looks for an explanation. Pray, Mr. derful and horrible. The inventor of fictitious narPattieson, have you been in Edinburgh ?"
ratives has to rack his brains for means to diversify I answered in the affirmative,
his tale, and after all
can hardly hit upon characters * Then you must have passed, occasionally at least, or incidents which have not been used again and I bough probably not so faithfully as I am doomed to again, until they are familiar to the eye of the reader, 0, through a narrow intricate passage, leading out so that the development, enlèvement, the desperate of the north-west corner of the Parliament Square, wound of which the hero never dies, the burning and passing by a high and antique building, with tur- fever from which the heroine is sure to recover, berets and iron grates,
come a mere matter of course. I join
with my hoMaking good the saying odd,
nest friend Crabbe, and have an unlucky propensity Near the church and far from God"
to hope when hope is lost, and to rely upon the corkMr. Halkit broke in upon his learned counsel, to jacket, which carries the heroes of romance safe contribute his moiety to the riddle-"Having at the through all the billows of affliction.” He then de door the sign of the Red Man"
following passage, rather with too much "And being on the whole," resumed the counsellor, than too little emphasis : interrupting his friend in his turn, " a sort of place "Much have I fear'd, but am no more afraid, where misfortune is happily confounded with guilt, When some chaste beauty, by some wretch betray'd, where all who are in wish to get out".
Is drawn away with such distracted speed, "And where none who have the good luck to be
That she anticipates a dreadful deed.
walls impound out, wish to get in," added his companion.
The captive fair, and dig a moat around "I conceive you, gentlemen," replied I; "you mean Let there be brazen locks and bars of stcel, the prison.”
And keepers cruel, such as never feel; The prison," added the young lawyer-"You have
With not a single note the purse supply,
And when she begs, let men and maids deny b4--the very reverend Tolbooth itself; and let me Be windows there from which she dares not fall,
· you, you are obliged to us for describing it with And help so distant, 'tis in vain to call; much modesty and brevity; for with whatever
Still means of freedom will some Power devise,
And from the baffled ruffian enatch his prize." Amplifications we might have chosen to decorate the subject, you lay entirely at our mercy, since the "The end of uncertainty," he concluded, " is the Fathers Conscript of our city have decreed, that the death of interest; and hence it happens that no one venerable edifice itself shall not remain in existence now reads novels." to confirm or to confute us."
"Hear him, ye gods!" returned his companion. "Then the Tolbooth of Edinburgh is called the "I assure you, Mr. Pattieson, you will hardly visit Heart of Mid-Lothian ?" said I.
this learned gentleman, but you are likely to find the "So termed and reputed, I assure you."
new novel most in repute lying on his table,--snugly "I think," said I, with the bashful diffidence with intrenched, however, beneath Stair's Institutes, or an which a man lets slip a pun in the presence of his open volume of Morrison's Decisions." superiors, "the metropolitan county may, in that "Do I deny it?" said the hopeful jurisconsult," or case, be said to have a sad heart."
wherefore should I, since it is well known these DaRight as my glove, Mr. Pattieson," added Mr. lilahs seduce my wisers and my betters? May they Hardie; "and a close heart, and a hard heart-Keep not be found lurking amidst the multiplied memorials it up, Jack."
of our most distinguished counsel, and even peeping And a wicked heart, and a poor heart," answered from under the cushion of a judge's arm-chair? Our Halkit, doing his best.
seniors at the bar, within the bar, and even on the And yet it may be called in some sort a strong bench, read novels; and, if not belied, some of them heart, and a high heart,", rejoined the advocate. have written novels into the bargain. I only say, You see I can put you both out of heart."
that I read from habit and from indolence, not from "I have played all my hearts," said the younger real intereşt; that, like Ancient Pistol devouring his gentleman.
leek, I read and swear till I get to the end of the narThen we'll have another lead," answered his rative. But not so in the real records of human va.. companion.-"And as to the old and condemned Tolgaries-not so in the State Trials, or in the Buoks of booth, what pity the same honour cannot be done to Adjournal, where every now and then you read new it as has been done to many of its inmates. Why pages of the human heart, and turns of fortune far should not the Tolbooth have its 'Last Speech, Con- beyond what the boldest novelist ever attempted to fession, and Dying Words? The old stones would produce from the coinage of his brain." be just as conscious of the honour as many a poor "And for such narratives," I asked, " you suppose devil who has dangled like a tassel at the west end the history of the Prison of Edinburgh might afford. of it, while the hawkers were shouting a confession appropriate materials ?" tne culprit had never heard of."
'In a degree unusually ample, my dear sır, said "I am afraid," said I, "if I might presume to give Hardie-"Fill your glass, however, in the mean my opinion, it would be a tale of unvaried sorrow while. Was
it not for
many years the place in which and guilt."
the Scottish parliament met? Was it no: Jamos'