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A Parallel between the Manners of its ancient
and modern Inhabitants, its Commerce,
The Descent of Louis IX. at DamieTTA.
JOINVILLE, AND ARABIAN AUTHORS.
From the FRENCH of M. SAVARY.
IN TWO) VOLUMES....
P A T E R - NOSTER-ROW.
L ETTER I.
Souadi described, on the east of which are two ancient monasteries, surrounded by the ruins which denote the scite of Crocodilopolis. ObJervations on Menchia, and the ancient Ptolemais of Hermes, the ruins of which are not far diftant; with the state of the neighbouring country. Remarks on Girga, the capital of Upper Egypt, and on Abydus, which stands to the west. The famous tenple of Osiris, into which fingers and muficians were forbidden to enter, is at this place. Remarks on Farchout, and its delightful orchards. The ruins of Tentyra, near Dendera, and the hatred of its ancient inhabitants to crocodiles,
To M. L. M.
Grand Cairo, 1779. LEAVE we the town of Achmim, and the serpent Haridi, and let us cross the Nile; VOL. II,
where we shall see the little town of Souadi, governed by a Cachef. Proceeding westward we find tivo Coptic monasteries, at the entrance of the desert. Their churches are ornamented by Corinthian columns, with a cross in the center of the capital, : and paved with red granite, in which numerous hieroglyphics are sculptured. Their architecture betokens the decay of taste among the Greeks, and they are supposed to have been built by the Einpress Helena. Various antique marbles are scattered over the space that divides them, which indicate the scite of Crocodilopolis (y). This city was diftant from the river, and Ptolemy places it near Aphroditopolis, or the city of Venus. · Turning to the south east, we cross a plain shaded by various trees, abounding in corn, and interfected by rivulets. This Icads to the little town of Menchia, which has a large mosque, and a considerable market. The Bazars are provided with commodities of all kinds, and a conserve of wheat is to be had here, much esteemed in
O Proiemy, l. 4. This is a second city of that name; the tirit ftood near l'ayoun, and was better knorra by the name of Arfinoe.