to the lady Elizabeth.

was a rail covered with say.' Between the quire and the body of

the church was a close place with a pan of fire to make the child A.D. ready in. These things thus ordered, the child was brought into the 1533. hall, and then every man set forward. First the citizens, two and

two: then the gentlemen, esquires, and chaplains: next after followed the aldermen, and the mayor alone. Next the mayor followed the king's council : then the king's chappel :: then barons, bishops, and earls. Then came the earl of Essex, bearing the covered basons, gilt. After him the marquis of Exeter, with the taper of virgin-wax. Next him the marquis of Dorset, bearing the salt. Behind him the lady Mary of Norfolk, bearing the chrism, which was very rich of pearl and stone. The old duchess of Norfolk bare the child in a mantle of purple velvet, with a long train furred with ermine. The duke of Norfolk, with his marshal-rod, went on the right hand of the said duchess, and the duke of Suffolk on the left hand. Before them went the officers of arms. The countess of Kent bare the long train of the child's mantle. Between the countess and the child went the earl of Wiltshire on the right hand, and the earl of Derby on the left hand, supporting the said train. In the midst, over the child, was borne a canopy by the lord Rochford, the lord Hussey, the lord William Howard, and the lord Thomas Howard the elder. In this order they came unto the church door, where the bishop of London

met it, with divers abbots and bishops, and began the observances of guarantee the sacrament. The archbishop of Canterbury was godfather, and the

old duchess of Norfolk, and the old marchioness of Dorset, widows, were godmothers, and the child was named Elizabeth.

After all things were done at the church door, the child was brought to the font, and christened. This done, Garter, the chief king-at-arms, cried aloud, “ God, of his infinite goodness, send prosperous life and long, to the high and mighty princess of England, ELIZABETH.” Then the trumpets blew, and the child was brought up to the altar, and immediately confirmed by the archbishop, the marchioness of Exeter being godmother. Then the archbishop of Canterbury gave the princess a standing cup of gold. The duchess of Norfolk gave her a standing cup of gold, fretted with pearl. The marchioness of Dorset gave three gilt bowls, pounced, with a cover. The marchioness of Exeter, three standing bowls, gilt and graven, with a cover. And so, after a solemn banquet, ended with hypocras, wafers, and such like, in great plenty, they returned in like order again unto the court with the princess ; and so departed.

At the marriage of this noble lady, as there was no small joy unto all good and godly men, and no less hope of prosperous success to God's true religion, so in like manner, on the contrary part, the papists wanted not their malicious and secret attempts, as by the false hypocrisy and feigned holiness of a false feigned hypocrite, this year being espied and found out, may sufficiently appear what their devilish devices and purposes were.

For certain monks, friars, and other evil-disposed persons, of a devilish intent, had put into the heads of many of the king's subjects, that they had a revelation of God and his saints, that he was highly displeased with king Henry

(1) Say,' a thin sort of stuff.- Ep.
(2) The king's chappel. in coapes ;' i.e. his chaplains. See Stowe's Annals, 1to. p. 958.-Ed.


with her false feigned


for the divorcement of the lady Katharine ; and surmised, among Henry other things, that God had revealed to a nun, namel Elizabeth Barton, whom they called the holy maid of Kent, that in case the A. D. king proceeded in the said divorce, he should not be king of this 1533. realm one month after, and in the reputation of God, not one day The maid nor hour. This Elizabeth Barton, by false dissimulation, practised and showed to the people marvellous alteration of her visage and other parts of her body, as if she had been rapt, or in a trance ; bipo: and in those feigned trances, by false hypocrisy (as though she had prehendbeen inspired of God), she spake many words in rebuking of sin, and reproving the gospel, which she called heresy; and among them uttered divers things to the great reproach of the king and queen, and to the establishing of idolatry, pilgrimage, and the derogation of God's glory : which her naughtiness being espied out by the great labour and diligence of the archbishop of Canterbury, the lord Cromwel, and Master Hugh Latimer, she was condemned and put to death, with certain of her affinity and counsel, in the month of April

, A.D. 1533. The names of which conspirators with her were these : Edward Bocking, monk, of Canterbury; Richard Master, parson, of Aldington; John Dering, monk, of Canterbury ; Hugh Rich, friar, warden of the grey friars, of Canterbury ; Richard Risby; Henry Gold, bachelor of divinity, and parson of Aldermary; Fisher, bishop of Rochester; John Adeson, priest, his chaplain; Thomas Laurence, the bishop's registrar, of Canterbury; Edward Thwaits ; Thomas Abel : of which persons, the said Elizabeth Barton, Henry Gold, Richard Master, Edward Bocking, John Dering, Hugh Rich, Richard Risby, were attainted of treason by act of parliament, and put to execution.

The residue, as Fisher bishop of Rochester, Thomas Gold, Thomas Laurence, Edward Thwaits, John Adeson, Thomas Abel, being convicted and attainted of misprision, were condemned to prison, and forfeited their goods and possessions to the king.'

God against

Edward Hall, a writer of our English stories, making mention of Marvel. this Elizabeth Barton aforesaid, adjoineth next in his book the narra- mentor tion of one Pavier, or Pavy, a notorious enemy, no doubt, to God's truth. This Pavier, being the town-clerk of the city of London, was Pavier, a man (saith he) that in no case could abide to hear that the gospel enemy should be in English: insomuch that the said Hall himself heard him to his once say unto him, and to others by swearing a great oath, that if he thought the king's highness would set forth the Scripture in English, and let it be read of the people by his authority, rather than he would so long live, he would cut his own throat. But he broke promise, saith Hall; for he did not cut his throat with a knife, but with a halter did hang himself. Of what mind and intent he so did, God judge. My information further addeth this, touching the said Pavier or Pavy, that he was a bitter enemy, very busy at the burning of Richard Bainham above mentioned ; who, hearing the said Bainham at the stake speaking against purgatory and transubstantiation, “Set fire,” said he, to this heretic, and burn him.” And as the train of gunpowder came toward the martyr, he lifted up his eyes and hands to

(1) Ex Statut. an. 25. Reg. Hen. VIII.




Pavier, a bitter


The terrible

Henry heaven, saying to Pavier, “ God forgive thee, and show thee more

mercy than thou dost to me. The Lord forgive sir Thomas More, A.D. and pray for me, all good people;" and so continued he praying, till 1533. the fire took his bowels and his head, &c.

After Bainham's martyrdom, the next year following, this Pavier, enemy the town-clerk of the city, went and bought ropes. This done, he Richard went up to a high garret in his house to pray, as he was wont to do,

to a rood which he had there, before which he bitterly wept: and as his own maid, coming up, found him so doing, he bade her take the

rusty sword, and go make it clean, and trouble him no more ; and A perse- immediately he tied up the rope, and hung himself. The maid's hangeth heart still throbbed, and so came up, and found him but newly hanged. himself. Then, having no power to help him, she ran crying to the church to

her mistress to fetch her home. His servants and clerks he had sent out before to Finsbury, and to Master Edney, serjeant to the lord mayor, dwelling over Bishop's-gate, to tarry for him at Finsburycourt till he came: but he had dispatched himself before, so that they might long look for him before he could come. This was A.D. 1533.

To this story of Pavier may also be added the like terrible example of doctor Foxford, chancellor to the bishop of London, a cruel persecutor, and a common butcher of the good saints of God; who was the condemner of all those afore named, who were put to death, troubled, or abjured under bishop Stokesley, through all the diocese

of London. This Foxford died about this present year and time; hand or of whose terrible end it was then certainly reported and affirmed, by Godfupam such as were of right good credit, unto certain persons, of whom some

be yet alive, that he died suddenly sitting in his chair, his belly being burst, and his entrails falling out before him.

About the same time died William Warham, archbishop of Canter

bury; in whose room succeeded Thomas Cranmer, who was the king's Vanhaen: chaplain, and a great disputer against the unlawful marriage of lady chosen. Katharine, princess dowager; being then so called by act of parlia


Ye heard before, how the parliament had enacted that no person, after a certain day, should appeal to Rome for any cause: notwithstanding which act, the queen, now called princess dowager, had appealed to the court of Rome before that act made; so that it was doubted whether that appeal was good or not. This question was well handled in the parliament house, but much better in the convocation house; and yet in both houses it was alleged, yea, and by books showed, that in the councils of Chalcedon, Africa, Toledo, and divers other famous councils in the primitive church, yea, in the time

of St. Augustine, it was affirmed, declared, and determined, that a that none cause arising in one province, should be determined in the same, and

that neither the patriarch of Constantinople should meddle in causes
moved into the jurisdiction of the patriarch of Antioch, nor any bishop
should intermeddle within another's province or country.
things were so clerkly opened, and so cunningly set forth to all
intents, that every man that had wit, and was determined to follow
the truth, and not wilfully wedded to his own mind, might plainly
see, that all appeals made to Rome were clearly void, and of none
effect: which doctrines and counsels were showed to the lady

Death of Archbishop


rine's ap

peal to Rome.


should appeal out of their province.



tharine solemnly

Katharine, princess dowager ; but she (as women love to lose no dignity) ever continued in her old song, trusting more to the pope's partiality, than to the determination of Christ's verity.

A.D. Whereupon the archbishop of Canterbury, Cranmer above named, accompanied with the bishops of London, Winchester, Bath, Lincoln, and divers other great clerks in a great number, rode to Dunstable, which is six miles from Ampthill, where the princess dowager lay; and there, by a doctor, called Dr. Lee, she was ascited to appear before the said archbishop, in cause of matrimony, in the said town of Dunstable. And at the day of appearance she would not appear, but made default, and so was called peremptorily, every day, fifteen days together; and at last, for lack of appearance, and for contumacy, Lady Kaby the assent of all the learned men there being present, she was divorced from the king, and their marriage declared to be void and divorced of none effect; which sentence given, the archbishop, and all the king. others returned back again.

Here note, that although this divorce following after the new marriage needed not at all to be made, the first marriage being no marriage at all before God, yet, to satisfy the voice of the people, more than for any necessity, the king was contented, through the persuasions of some, so to do. For else, as touching God and conscience, what great need was there of any divorce, where before God no marriage was to be accounted, but rather an incestuous and detestable adultery, as the act of parliament doth term it? But to our matter again.

After the dissolution of this first marriage made between the king and the lady princess dowager, she nevertheless, bearing a stout mind, would not yet relent, neither to the determination of the universities, nor to the censure of the clergy, nor of the whole realm ; but, following the counsel rather of a few Spaniards, to molest the king and the realm by suit and means made to the pope, procured certain writings, first of monition and aggravation, then of excommunication and interdiction, to be sent down from Rome, wherein the pope had interdicted both the king and the whole realm. But the pope's curser being not the hardiest man, belike, that ever showed his head, thought it much more sure for him to discharge his popish carriage without the king's reach; and so, keeping himself aloof off (like a pretty man), set up his writings in the town of Dunkirk in Flanders: in which Writings town first, upon the north door of the church was set up a monition, Dunkirk that the king of England should surcease the suit of divorce; which against John Butler, clerk, then commissary of Calais, by commandment, took down in the night.

After that, before Whitsun-week, there was set up in the same The king place an excommunication, aggravation, re-aggravation, and interdic- and the tion ; for which also the said Butler, by commandment, was sent to intera Dunkirk, to take it down. And because the council of Calais would the pope. be certified of his diligence therein, they sent a servant of the lord Lisle, then deputy of Calais, whose name was Cranvel; and upon Wednesday in Whitsun-week, at seven o'clock in the morning, he took it down whole, and brought it with him, and delivered the same to the lord deputy aforesaid : which was about the year 1533. This being known and certified unto the king, he was motioned by

the king.


Katharine's court dis

Henry his council, that such as were about her, and moved her thereunto,

should be put from her. And therefore the duke of Suffolk was sent A.D. to Bugden, beside Huntingdon, where the said lady Katharine lay; 1533. who, perceiving her stomach to continue froward still, in answering The lady him with high words, and suddenly so in a fury to part from him into

her privy chamber, and shut the door, brake up the order of her court, charged. and discharged a great sort of her household servants; and yet left

her a convenient number to serve her like a princess. They that remained still, were sworn to serve her as princess only, and not as queen ; of whom some said, they were once sworn to serve her as queen, and otherwise would not serve; and so were dismissed. The others who were sworn to serve her as princess, she utterly refused for her servants, and so she remained with the fewer, living after this about the

space * And thus much hast thou, good reader, touching the king's divorcement; by occasion whereof it pleased God so to work, through his secret and unsearchable wisdom, that the pope, who so long had played rex' in England, lost his whole jurisdiction and supremacy.*

of two years.


Preaching against

These things thus finished and dispatched concerning the marriage queen Anne, and divorce of lady Katharine, dowager, next followeth the year 1534; in which was assembled the high court of parliament again, after many prorogations, upon the third day of February; wherein was made an act of succession, for the more surety of the crown, to which every person being of lawful age should be sworn. During this parliament time, every Sunday

preached at Paul's cross a bishop, who declared the pope not to be the pope. head of the church.

After this, commissions were sent over all England, to take the oath of all men and women to the act of succession ;2 at which few repined, except Dr. John Fisher, bishop of Rochester ; sir Thomas More, late lord chancellor ; and Dr. Nicholas Wilson, parson of St. Thomas the Apostle's in London. Wherefore these three persons, after long exhortation to them made by the bishop of Canterbury at Lambeth, refusing to be sworn, were sent to the tower, where they

remained, and were oftentimes motioned to be sworn. But the The bi- bishop and sir Thomas More excused them by their writings, in Roches which they said that they had written before that the said lady ter, and Katharine was queen, and therefore could not well go from that mas More which they had written. Likewise the doctor excused, that he in the tower. preaching had called her queen, and therefore now could not well

unsay it again. Howbeit, at length, he was well contented to dissemble the matter, and so escaped : but the other two stood against all the realm in their opinion.

From the month of March this parliament furthermore was prorogued to the third day of November abovesaid ; at what time, amongst divers other statutes, most graciously, and by the blessed will of God it was enacted, that the pope, and all his college of

(1) See Edition 1563, p. 459.

(2) Ex Ed. Hallo,
(3) See Hall's Chronicle, pp. 814, 815. Edit. London, 1809,-ED.

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