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DEFINITIONS.

A Noun is the name of any person, place, or thing. A Pronoun is a word used instead of a noun.

Substantive is the word used to apply to nouns and pronouns.

A Verb is a word used to express action or being.

An Adjective is a word used to modify a substantive.

An Adverb is a word used to modify a verb, an adjective, or another adverb.

Adjunct is the word used to designate modifiers, whether adjective or adverb.

A Preposition is a word used to connect a substantive (its object) with some other word or words in the sentence.

A Conjunction is a word used to connect; a Co-ordinating Conjunction connects words, phrases, or clauses of the same rank and in the same construction; a Subordinating Conjunction connects only clauses, and always a subordinate clause with the clause on which it depends.

An Interjection is a word used to express some strong or sudden emotion of joy or sorrow, pain, surprise, disgust, etc. The parsing of an interjection consists in simply classifying it.

THE NOUN.

Kinds

Proper
Common

Properties

Gender-masculine

feminine
neuter

Number—singular

plural

Person—first

second
third

Case--nominative

possessive
objective

Form of Parsing Nouns

1. Kind
2. Gender
3. Number
4. Person
5. Case and construction

Constructions

Nominative Case

1. Subject of a Finite Verb—the name of the

person, place or thing about which come
assertion is made.

The mountains look on Marathon,
And Marathon looks on the sea.

noun

2. Predicate Nominative-a

used to complete the meaning of a copulative verb or a passive verb and referring back to its subject. The following verbs are usually copulative: be,

become, seem, appear, etc. The passive forms of the following verbs are usually

copulative: call, make, choose, appoint, name,

elect, etc.
Examples:

I am monarch of all I survey.
He wishes to be King.
He is called King of the Cannibal Islands.

3. Nominative of Address—the name of a

person or thing addressed.
Example:

O death, where is thy sting?

a

4. Nominative of Exclamation-a noun used

as an exclamation.
Example:

The boy! Oh, where was he? 5. Nominative in Apposition-a noun used

to explain any noun in the nominative case.
Examples:

Alfred, King of the Saxons,
Had a book upon his knee.

I am Cinna, the poet. 6. Nominative Absolute-a noun grammati

cally independent of the rest of the sentence and
used always with a participle, expressed or
understood.
Examples:

One man in his time plays many parts,
His acts being seven ages.
Next Anger rushed, his eyes on fire.

Exercise 1.-Parse the nouns in the nominative

cuse.

1. There dwelt a miller hale and bold,

Beside the River Dee. 2. There are no ugly loves nor handsome prisons. 3. The holy time is quiet as a nun. 4. Thou are fair and pure as Guinevere. 5. There's not a nobler man in Rome than Anthony. 6. 'Twas the night before Christmas. 7. There's a dance of leaves in that aspen bower. 8. Here are sweetpeas on tiptoe for a flight. 9. In this place ran Cassius dagger through. 10. There are lazy minds as well as lazy bodies. 11. Fair Jessica shall be my torchbearer. 12. Alas, we had been friends in youth. 13. If thou keep promise, I shall end this strife,

Become a Christian, and thy loving wife. 14. The conqueror very often becomes a tyrant. 15. My crown is called content. 16. A day to childhood seems a year. 17. What a blunt fellow is this grown to be! 18. All the world's a stage,

And all the men and women merely players. 19. This will prove a brave kingdom to me. 20. I would not be thy executioner. 21. Thou hast been called the friend of woe. 22. Thus now alone he conqueror remains. 23. I'm to be Queen of the May. 24. My ancestors did from the streets of Rome

The Tarquin drive, when he was called King. 25. Your honor is accounted a merciful man.

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