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JANUARY 18TH.-WEDNESDAY. Work for 1865.—The Charivari publishes a woodcut representing Old Father Time
giving directions to the year 1865, represented as a little child having its eyes filled with tears and in great apparent distress. “ There is no use of weeping,” says he with the hour-glass and scythe. “You have your work to do. You see all that !” pointing to various disjointed articles lying around in confusion, and bearing the names Venetia, Holstein, Poland, Italy, the United States, Hungary, Santo Domingo, etc. “You see all that? Well, then, you must at once commence by setting the whole in order, for I cannot allow that every one
should constantly cry after me for doing nothing.” OBITUARY.—The death of the oldest dignitary in the Church of England, Arch
deacon Timbrill, is announced. The venerable gentleman was ninety-eight years of age, and was appointed to the Archdeaconry
of Gloucester forty years ago. The death of Mr. Charles Greville will be learnt with regret. He was
found dead in his bed at Earl Granville's house, in Bruton Street, Berkeley Square, this morning. For a long time past he had resided with Lord Granville. It appears that on his servant going to his chamber at half-past eight o'clock to call him as customary, he did not reply, and on closer investigation it was found he was dead. The medical gentleman called in thought he had been dead at least two hours. He had been subject to repeated attacks of gout, and during the last fortnight (shortly after the decease of his brother Algernon, private secretary to the late Duke of Wellington) had exhibited signs of declining health. The late Charles Cavendish Fulke Greville was the eldest of the three sons of the late Charles, son of the Hon. Algernon Greville, second son of the fifth Lord Brooke, and Lady Charlotte Cavendish Bentinck, eldest daughter of William Henry Cavendish, third Duke of Portland. He was born 2d April 1764, and married 27th January 1849 to Emily, widow of Mr. Edward Baring. The deceased gentleman had for many years filled the post of chief and joint-clerk of the Privy Council, and was also for a time Secretary to the Board of Trade and Plantations. His office, with that of the Hon. William Bathurst, at the Privy Council, was abolished in 1861, when both gentlemen were placed on a pension. The late Mr. Greville was held in high respect on the turf, of which he was a zealous patron. He was an extensive breeder of racing stock.
JANUARY 19TH.-THURSDAY. OBITUARY.-Lady Brougham died at Brighton this morning shortly after two o'clock.
Her ladyship had been staying at that watering-place since August, and up to Monday last was in her usual health, so much so that she intended to leave Brighton on Monday next for Grafton Street. However, her Ladyship was attacked with bronchitis, and died at the hour above-named. Lady Brougham was the eldest daughter of Mr. Thomas Eden (uncle of the late Earl of Auckland and Lord Henley). The lamented lady was twice married, first to Mr. John Spaldling, of Holms, New Galloway, Kirkcudbrightshire; and secondly, on April 1, 1819, to Lord Brougham, then Mr. Henry Brougham. Her Ladyship, who was in her 77th year, had issue by Lord Brougham two daughters : one born in 1820, and who died in 1821 ; and the Hon. Eleanor Lousia Brougham, who died in the bloom of youth in 1839. The intelligence of her Ladyship’s death was immediately transmitted to the noble and learned Lord, who is staying at his residence at Cannes.
JANUARY 2014.--FRIDAY. The Parrott Guns. - The Army and Navy Gazette says :-" The most decisive con
demnation of the American ordnance, which, after many demonstrations of its inferiority, has been sustained in professional estimation by the authority of some eminent military and naval officers, has been pronounced by Admiral Porter, and by the course of events at Wilmington. As the Dahlgren system was evidently defective in obtaining low trajectories and long ranges, the Americans sought to improvise a system of rifled guns out of cast iron ordnance, strengthened by reinforces over the breech, called after the inventor “Parrott' guns. For field artillery these pieces had a certain success, and by degrees Parrott guns were introduced into the navy, and were used as bow and stern chasers, while Dahlgrens were employed as broadside guns. The Parrotts on board American men-of-war are generally 100-pounders, and fire sixteen pound of powder. Admiral Porter reports that six of them burst, and that they are unfit for service ; but the strongest proof of their want of power, and of the general deficiency of the Federal artillery, is afforded by the fact that with such an enormous armament as that which the ships of his fleet contained, the Admiral was unable to destroy the earthworks opposed to him. It may be that he only engaged in the work at a very long range, and so could not hit his mark with his Parrotts, and was too far for the Dahlgrens ; and it would seem as if
the case was so, because no damage is reported to a very large flotilla. OBITUARY.-Frances Anne, Dowager Marchioness of Londonderry, expired at her
residence, Seaham Hall, near Seaham Harbour, at eleven o'clock this evening. For the last few months her Ladyship had been suffering under a complication of liver and heart disease. The most eminent surgical skill was called in, and she appeared to rally up to within a week or ten days ago, when she was able to devote a little time to business; but a relapse set in, and since the middle of the present week her death has been almost hourly expected. Earl Vane, her eldest son, will succeed to the principal portion of the family estates.
JANUARY 21ST.-SATURDAY. The Armoury at Springfield, Massachusetts, is said to be the largest and most prospinning and weaving the raw material, etc., in the large establishment of M. Leopold Lairitz, the inventor of the process, which now gives employment to hundreds of workmen. Common flannel made of wool does good service by keeping the warmth of the body in, or excluding that of the ambient air, as well as by the irritation it causes on the skin, whereby that organ is excited to greater activity in the exercise of its functions. But wool from the concentration of caloric it produces, is apt to cause cerebral congestion in plethoric subjects, and some persons cannot bear its irritating friction on the skin. Vegetable flannel is said to be free from those defects ; it protects from damp and cold quite as well as wool, and the irritation it causes on the skin is easily borne by the most sensitive and delicate individuals.
ductive establishment for the manufacture of small arms in the world. There are 2600 workmen employed, and they complete about 1000 muskets daily.
JANUARY 231).—MONDAY. Vegetable Flannel. — Among the numerous manufactures derived in Germany from
the Scotch fir, one of the most remarkable is asserted to be a kind of stuff called vegetable flannel, and recommended by physicians in cases of rheumatism and neuraliga. This stuff which is used to effect a permanent contact between the body, or a part of it, and the most active elements of the leaves, produces similar effects to those obtained from the baths made with the same. Vegetable flannel is said to revive the functions of the skin, so often disturbed by various causes, and constantly mantains those functions in their normal state, due to the double action exercised simultaneously on our body; by its formic acid it attracts the humours to the skin by a mild and continuous excitement; by its tanning and resinous principles, it imparts to the skin for absorption the elements necessary for the neutralisation of certain emanations. Thus, vegetable flanuel prevents or cures the effects occasioned by those elements, which, in a state of disease, are expulsed in too large a proportion, especially phosphorus, the evacution of which it regulates by slow degrees. The German journals contain details concerning the manufacture of this textile fabric, the operations requisite for converting the leaves of the Scotch fir into waldwolle (forest wool),
JANUARY 24TH.-TUESDAY. Longitude by the Meridian Altitude.—The science of nautical astronomy has just
received an acceptable addition, in the shape of a set of tables for ascertaining longitude at sea by the meridian altitude, without the aid of a chronometer. Hitherto, this has never before been accomplished, but the author of the system (Mr. Lucas, of Swansea) has placed the matter in such a simple light, by means of plain figures, that a child, comparatively speaking, might go his way over the pathless waters without the aid of what has hitherto been considered the indispensable companion of the master mariner-a chronometor. The book will, no doubt, be much sought after, forming, as it does, another ray of light in the as yet comparatively dark science of navigation.
JANUARY 25TH.— WEDNESDAY. OBITUARY. -A telegram from Paris announces the death of M. Pierre Joseph
Proudhon. He was born at Besançon in 1809, of poor parents. At first a compositor, then a master printer, and engaged on the press, he became ultimately a professed author of socialist works, which have made him notorious. He was the promulagator of the dictum “Le Propriété c'est le Vol.” His works, though at one time much read, have happily not left any lasting results. The theories he promulgated were the dregs of the revolution of 1793, and more negative than creative in their ultimate effect. His style was, however, powerful, if not cultured. In 1849, he was sentenced, on account of his expressed opinions against the Emperor Napoleon, then President, to imprisonment and a considerable fine. He went into exile, but returning to Paris shortly afterwards, suffered imprisonment till 1852 ; after which he was silent and unmarked till his death.
JANUARY 26TH.—THURSDAY. The Thackeray and Leech Memorials.-Upwards of £300 have been subscribed for the
purpose of placing two tablets in some appropriate spot within the Charterhouse, the one to the memory of W. M. Thackeray, and the other to that of John Leech, and for establishing two annual prizes in the school, the first for English literature, to be called the Thackeray prize, and the second for drawing,
to be called the Leech prize. OBITUARY.--We regret to announce the death of Lady Willoughby D'Eresby, who
expired at an early hour this morning, at the family residence in Piccadilly, after a very short illness. The deceased Clementina Sarah Willoughby D’Eresby was the only surviving child and heir of James, first Lord Perth. She was born on the 5th May 1786 ; and married, on the 20th October 1807, Lord Willoughby D'Eresby, then the Hon. Peter Robert Willoughby, by whom, who survives her Ladyship, she leaves an only son, the Hon. Alberic Drummond Willoughby, and two daughters, the eldest, Clementina, married to Lord Aveland, and Elizabeth, married to Lord Carrington.
JANUARY 27TH.-FRIDAY. Enamelled Dandies. The names of the Rachels, mother and daughter, are still
great in the land. We have heard, even, that they have many gentlemen among their customers; young Indian warriors and dandies returned from sporting tours, the backs of whose necks have been browned by exposure to the sun, and who rush to the enameller, before going out to dinner or to a ball, to have their cervical vertebræ coloured and varnished.
JANUARY 28th. -SATURDAY. Cleansing Streets with a Pneumatic Machine.- An ingenious thought has struck M.
Agudio, of Paris, who proposes to cleanse the streets with a pneumatic machine. He has invented a mud-cart, consisting of a close iron box, from which the air is pumped by a small engine on the top. Some machinery behind, as the cart moves on, sweeps or rakes the mud together, which is, of course, sucked up by
a tube dipping into it, and brought from the upper part of the cart-box. A Substitute for Coffee.—A Turin letter says :-A new beverage is offered by the
Propugnatore to people for whom the raised duty on coffee is a burden indeed. It is to be prepared in the following manner :-Take one or two pounds of dry chestnuts, boil them in water so as to produce a sort of soup not very thick nor yet very liquid, pour a spoonful from that in your cup, fill this up with hot milk, and enjoy it as “a most economical and nutritious substitute for the overtaxed articles in Signor Sella's budget.
JANUARY 30TH.—MONDAY. Discovery of Antiquities in Russia.—An interesting discovery has just been made in
a tumulus in Ekaterinoslaw, in Russia. It consists of a treasure which formerly belonged to a chief of the Huns. Among the different articles is a heavy gold diadem, in which is set a cameo of ameythist of ancient Roman workmanship; also a large collar, bracelets, and drinking-cups, with handles formed by animals -the whole of which are in gold of remarkable workmanship.
JANUARY 31st.–TUESDAY. The Mathematical Honour Tripos at Cambridge.—The present year will henceforth
be known in the University as “Strutt’s” year, as the gentleman whose talents have gained for him the distinguished honour of being Senior Wrangler is the Hon. J. H. Strutt of Trinity College. Mr. Strutt is the eldest son of John James Strutt, Baron Rayleigh, of Terling Place, Witham, Essex. It is said that the weight of paper written upon at the Mathematical Tripos Examination at Cambridge, in the eight days, is about eight stone—say the weight of an average woman. There is something almost sad in the thought of the scribbled outcome of two or three hundred racked and anxious brains being preserved only for bed-makers to light examiners' fires with, or, at best, to be used on the clean side for pupil-room scribbling-paper.
SHAKESPEARIAN MUSEUM. A temporary SHAKESPEARIAN MUSEUM, to contain old editions of the Poet's Works, or any tracts or relics illustrative of them, has been formed at Stratford-on. Avon. Mr. HALLIWELL is actively engaged in collecting for this object, and he will be glad either to receive as presents for the Museum, or to purchase, any articles suitable to be preserved there. Persons owning any Shakespeariana, would much oblige by communicating with "J. O. HALLIWELL, Esq., No. 6 St. Mary's Place, West Brompton, London, S.W.”