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“Ta-ta, then, for the present. We sball When they had got out of the avenue be at the village inn to-night. Perhaps and on the highroad, Willoughby turned you'll drop in and stand us a glass for old to Tom. times, Sweepy, won't yer ? ”
“ I've done it,” he said ; " I've won the “No, I can't. I'm just off with Mr. money, £450, here it is in my pocket, most Willoughby, and shan't be home till late." of it in notes. No more cards, Tom, I
“Going out for the hevening, I sup- swear.” pose ? Got yer dress-suit in the conwey: He reached out his hand to Tom, and ance, and too proud to look at old mates?"| their fingers closed in a grip that meant
“Shut up your foolery. We are going more than many words, the moonlight, to Mr. Ferguson's ; I'm only driving. escaping from a cloud, fell full on Tom's
“Mr. Ferguson's? I've heard tell of face; it was radiant with happiness. him. A great card-playing gent. You'll Lord, how he must love me !” thought have the cards out tonight, I reckon.” Willoughby. “ Likely enough."
“ Do you carry a pistol, master ?” said “And what time will you becoming Tom. 'ome, if I may ask the question ?"
“ No. Why?” A cold shiver ran down Tom's back as “ I don't think it safe without one, when he discerned the blackguard's thought. you have all that money, sir."
“ Not till daylight, I should think. " Bosh !" – and he breathed in great Good-bye.”
draughts of the fresh night air. “Good-bye ! ” cried the two rascals, They were now pearing a gate. Tom imitating Tom's voice, and then rolling on gave up the reins to his master, and got the grass with loud guffaws.
down to open it; he was no sooner on the “ Did I hear voices?” said Mr. Wil- ground than he saw two figures behind loughby, when Tom had brought Light. the hedge. He knew them at once — the ning up to the gate.
men he had met in the Bent Garth. With “Yes, sir; a couple of tramps chaffing a swift rush he made for the gate and me a bit.”
Aung it open. Willoughby did not pursue the subject. “Come on, sir! Quick ! ” he cried. He was much more interested in Light- And then as the cart came up to him he ning, and spent a full quarter of an hour gave a loud yell, and struck the terrified in examining and admiring him.
mare on her haunches. She bounded for. They drove on to Mr. Ferguson's; ward, swerved, and then bolted down the here master and man separated, one going road. to the dining.room, the other to the saddle- • Drive for your life, sir,” shouted Tom, room. There were other grooms there “ drive like hell !” beside Tom, and they made merry to- The big ruffian, of whom Willoughby gether; supper was provided for them in just caught a glimpse, darted forward and ihe kitchen, and unlimited beer. Tom made a grab at the foot-board of the dog. was in great request; his stories, his cart. He held it a second, and was then songs, and his straightforward ways had whirled away on to the grass by the roadlong rendered him a favorite. Retiring side. He rose unhurt, and, after picking once more to the saddle-room, the men up something that had dropped from his talked and smoked. Then one by one hand, joined his fellow-ruffian. They then they succumbed to sleep. At last Tom advanced together towards Tom, who was left the only one awake ; he was stood leaning quietly against the gate. thinking of his master. What did this The big ruffian was trembling with rage ; long stay mean? Was he winning, or had he came close up to Tom. he yielded to the seduction of the game “Damn you," he roared, “ for a blasted and lingered on though losing? In the sneak, a hound, a cur. Take that, and middle of his speculations he fell into a that." doze.
Tom gave one groan and fell to the “Hullo, Sampler, Mr. Willoughby wants ground. The big ruffian bent down to his trap. It's two o'clock; they're all go- rifle his pockets.
“There ain't no time for that,” said his Tom got his horse in and drove round nondescript companion ; "you've done for to the front. There was his master talk- him, and the other fellow will be back ing excitedly among the other guests; soon. Let's be off while we can," they helped him up into the dog.cart, and And so they scrambled through the then with many good-nights sped him on hedge and went away over the fields.
Willoughby had a stiff tussle with the
mare. Luckily the road was straight, and to question whether the race, as a race, there was no danger of a spill in rounding has been much affected by it, and whether a corner. His weak ankle, however, was the external and visible evil and good much against him; but by dint of hard which have come of it do not pretty nearly sawing at the mare's mouth, he broke her balance one another. into a trot at length. Then he turned her As to the question of the real failure round.
or success of Christianity, that must be “ Now go like the deuce," he cried. settled by considering the purpose of its
He was soon at the gate again. He per. founder. Did he come into the world, ceived a body lying in the road. Scram. live and die for " the greatest happiness bling out of the cart, and coming up to of the greatest number," as that is comthe body, he saw by the light of the moon monly understood, and as it constitutes that it was Tom's.
the end of civil government? Was it his “ Tom!” he cried; but there was no main purpose, or any part of his purpose,
that everybody should have plenty to eat He passed his hand over his breast and and drink, comfortable houses, and not too felt the wet blood; he knelt on the road, much to do? If so, Communism must be and raised Tom's head against his knees. allowed to have more to say for itself, on The movement aroused the dying man; he religious grounds, than most good Chris. opened his eyes, they looked awful in the tians would like to admit. Did he expect moonlight. He was struggling to speak. or prophesy any great and general amelio
“Master,” he said faintly, " have you ration of the world, material or even moral, got the notes ?"
from his coming ? If not, then it cannot 16 Yes."
be said that Christianity has failed be. “ Then the farm is safe remember the cause these and other like things have not promise — master."
come of it. In these days all truth is His voice seemed to linger lovingly on shocking; and it is to be feared that the the word “master.” In a little while majority of good people may feel shocked came a great sigh — the sigh of the part- by the denial, even in his own words, that ing spirit.
such ends had anything more than an acciWilloughby bent down and reverently dental part in his purpose or expectation. pressed a kiss on the dead man's fore. He and his apostles did not prophesy head; then, raising his eyes to heaven, he that the world would get better and hapsaw in the east, far away in the direction pier for bis life, death, and teaching; but of his home, the light of the breaking rather that it would become intolerably dawn — of the new day.
He foretells that the world will APPLETON LAITH. continue to persecute such as dare to be
greatly good, and that it will consider that it does God service in killing them. He tells us that the poor will be always
with us, and does not hint disapproval of From The Fortnightly Review, the institution even of slavery, though he THREE ESSAYETTES.
counsels the slave to be content with his status. His mission is most clearly declared to be wholly individual and wholly
unconcerned with the temporal good of CHRISTIANITY AND “PROGRESS."
the individual, except in so far as “ faith
hath the promise of this life also ; ” and MANY people doubt whether Christian- moreover, and yet more “shocking " to ity has done much, or even anything, modern sensibilities, he very clearly defor the “progress" of the human race as clared that though he lived and died io a race; and there is more to be said in give all a chance, the number of individ. defence of such doubt than most good uals to be actually benefited by his having people suppose. Indeed, the expression done so would be few; so that it was pracof this doubt is very widely regarded as tically for these few only that he lived and shocking and irreligious, and as condem- died. That may be very shocking; but natory of Christianity altogether. It is they are his words, and not mine, and considered to be equivalent to an asser. those who do not like them should have a tion that Christianity has hitherto proved special edition of the New Testament rea “ failure.” But some, who do not con vised for their own use, from which all sider that Christianity has proved a fail- disagreeable references to the many called ure, do, nevertheless, hold that it is open and few chosen, the narrow way which few
BY COVENTRY PATMORE
find, the broad road generally taken, and made only with great difficulty and self the end it leads to, etc., etc., should be denial, and its results can only be judged excised. It is not to be denied that our by a spirit or sense which is only attain. Lord's doctrine must be in the highest able, or which is, at least, only attained, degree unpleasant to all who will consider by a few. what it really is, and who have not the The conclusion is this, then, that even courage either to reject it or adopt it in a if Christianity -- as I do not assert - has whole-hearted manner.
not sepsibly affected “progress," or has But has Christianity failed in doing that affected it as much for the worse in some which alone it professed to do? It has directions as for the better in others, and not, and has not professed to improve bad has not even done much individual good, or even indifferently good people, who in more than a very small proportion, even form the mass of mankind, but it does of those who call themselves Christians; profess to do great things when it is re- it has only not done what it never proceived in “a good and honest heart," that fessed to do. But has it done what it is, in the heart - according to Hamlet's actually professed to do? That is a quesestimate of about one in ten thousand. tion of which the affirmative might be The question, then, of failure or success difficult of absolute and generally intelligi. narrows itself to this: Has Christianity ble proof, but of which the negative must, done great things, infinitely great things; I apprehend, be considered absurd, even and has it all along been doing, and is by the great majority of those who have now doing, such things, for the very never dreamed of qualifying themselves small proportion of mankind with which to become final judges of such matters. it professes to be effectually concerned ? There are many passages in Scripture Professor Huxley says frankly, no. It which will readily occur to every reader as emasculates and vitiates human character; being on the surface in contradiction to and he exemplifies his position by the this limitation by our Lord's own words example of the saints of the order of St. of the primary purpose of Christianity; Francis. It is well to have such a good, but those who know how orphaned and bold statement of opinion. Here is no widowed of truth even the best of us are, shilly-shallying, and we now know that and how the destitution we may discover there are some persons, of strong common in ourselves is greater than that we know sense, who think that Christianity is a of in any others, will discern, with the earfailure, as having failed to carry out its lier and deeper interpreters of the words professions. Few persons who are in their of our Lord and his apostles, that there are right wits would choose to seek a fencing- two ways of reading their exhortations to match with Professor Huxley. They help the poor, and the declaration that to might be altogether in the right, and yet, visit the orphan and the widow is pure as Sir Thomas Browne says, they might religion and undefiled;." and they will uncome off second best in the conflict. In derstand that neighborly service, which is any case, it is not at present my affair. usually (but not always) an inseparable It is enough for me to point out that it accidental duty of Christian life, is very is conceivable that there are sciences, far indeed from being of primary conseeven “experimental” sciences, in which quence, though the rendering or not ren. Professor Huxley has not yet qualified derirg of it - where there is no knowledge himself to be considered as an expert. of a nobler service - may seriously affect Christianity professes to be such a science, the shallow heavens and ihe shallow hells a strictly experimental science, only dif- of the feebly good and the feebly wicked. fering, in this character, from chemistry, Let not such as these exalt themselves inasmuch as the experiments and their against the great masters of the experi. conditions can, in the one case, be easily mental science of life, one of whom - St. fulfilled and judged by the senses which Theresa, if I remember rightly — declares are common to all men; whereas, in the that more good is done by one minute of other, they are professedly to be fulfilled reciprocal, contemplative communion of and judged of by few. Here again come love with God than by the founding of in those unpleasant assertions of the fifty hospitals or of fifty churches. “The founders of Christianity: “None can say elect soul,” says another great experimen. that Jesus is the Lord but by the Holy talist, St. Francis of Sales, "is a beautiful Ghost." “ Do my commandments and and beloved lady, of whom God demands ye shall know of the doctrine,” etc., etc., not the indignity of service, but desires iie., the experiment is professedly to be only her society and her person.”
True education cannot exist under either
kind of despotism. National life is the be. A “PESSIMIST OUTLOOK.
ginning and end of individual culture, as DESPOTISM, which is not government, far as this world is concerned. The acbut anarchy speaking with one voice, quisition of knowledge by an uporganized whether it be the mandate of an irrespon- or enslaved multitude, which must always sible emperor or that of a multitude, is the be, in the main, self-seeking and unjust, is “natural” death of all nationalities. They merely the acquisition of subtler and baser may die by other means, but this is the means for the advancement of individual end they come to if left to themselves. covetousness and the indulgence of inciWhen this end is reached, the corrupt vidual vices. Sucb education is but sa body may, for a time, preserve a semblance jewel in a swine's snout.” Fools may fill of its old identity; but it is no longer a ihe air with sentimental or hypocritical nation; it is merely a localization of man's " aspirations” for the good of the comshameful swarm," in which the individual munity; but no community exists where has no help from the infinitely greater and do excellence has the power of exerting nobler vitality of which he is a living mem-itself politically, and more or less in spite ber to erect himself above himself, and to of the ignorance and malice of those whom breathe the generous breath, and feel him- it would serve. Such “aspirations self in all his acts a partaker of the de. but the iridescent colors on the stagnant ceased giant's superhuman vigor. The pool ; putrid splendors which have no exincidence of the misery is not only upon istence in the chronic and salutary storm those comparatively few who may be con- of national life. scious of its cause. The malaria of the Nor is there any hope from without. universal march stupefies the brain and A comparatively savage people has often deadens the heart of the very ploughman been impregnated with the germ of nawho turns its sod, and he is hourly the tional being by the military invasion of a worse for want of the healthy breeze and civilization still in the vigor of growth; invigorating prospect of the ancient hills, but there is no instance of a civilization which he himself was, perhaps, among the which has thus lapsed into anarchy having most eager to level. Though he knew it been regenerated by any such means, not, he was every day sensibly the better though its stagnated life may have been for being the member of a great nation. perpetuated, as in the case of China, by He felt the giant's heat,
an external tyranny more powerful than Albeit he simply called it his,
any of the shifting forms of despotism Flush in his common labor with delight,
which it develops, if left to itself, from And not a village maiden's kiss
within. Nor is there any light, even in the But was for this
far future, unless for him who has a fulness More sweet.
of that cosmopolitan benevolence which And not a sorrow but did lightlier sigh, is so often the boast of the simpleton or And for its private selt less greet, The while that other so majestic self stood by. seldom the possession of the natural man.
the political hypocrite, but, happily, so If he does not feel the loss of his cor- He knows that no soil has ever yet been porate life, but is content to struggle, found to bear two crops of national life, stink, and sting with the rest of the swarm though the corruption of one has often into which the national body has been re- been found, after many generations of consolved by corruption, so much the worse summated decay, to be very useful dung for for him. His insensibility is the perfec- the nourishment of other and far removed tion of his misery. To others, not so lost, fields. But this consideration does not there may be hope, though not in this bring him within measurable distance of stage of being. None who has ever lived practical political consolation. through the final change, or who, being in The frantic ambition of one bad man, the foul morass of resulting “equality,” and the cowardice of half-a-dozen others, has been able to discern what national who would have been honest had it not life means, can find in private fortune appeared too personally inconvenient, and wife, children, friends, money — any com- the apathy of that large portion of the pensation for the great life of which his community which has been sane in judg. veins are empty. He knows that there ment but insane in sloth, have brought the is no proximate hope, no possibility of final evil upon us fifty or a hundred years improvement in such a state of things. sooner than it need have come. But come He knows that it is absurd to expect any. it must have done, sooner or later, since thing from “education ” of the mass. I the powers of evil have invariably in worldly matters proved too strong in the “species” of ginger-ale – as some adlong run for those of good; and such as vanced congregations have already procannot bear this truth, but require that posed — unless the parson can elude the abiding temporal good should come of church warden with white port, or othertheir good works, had better go into mon- wise persuade him; and, every now and asteries. Considering what men are, the then all this will be changed, and we shall wooder is, not that all great nationalities have to tip our policemen and inspectors should have come to a shameful end, but for looking over our infractions of popular that their ordinary duration of life should moralities of a newer pattern. Our condi. have been a thousand years. How any of tion will very much® resemble Swedenthem should have lasted a hundred must borg's hell, in which everybody is incesseem a miracle to those who fail to take sanily engaged in the endeavor to make into account the agency of the two guar- everybody else virtuous; and the only comdian angels of national life, religion and pensating comforts to the same will be, war — religion which keeps alive the ihat, though wine and tobacco, those natuhumility and generosity of reasonable sub-ral stimulants to good impulses and fruitful mission to law and the spirit of self-sacri- meditations, may be denied him, he may fice for corporate life, and war, which find abundant time and opportunity, in the silences for a time the envy and hatred of cessation of all external interests of a the evil and ignorant for moral and cir- moral and intellectual nature, for improve cumstantial superiorities, and compels ing his own character, which, perhaps, is, them to trust their established leaders, on after all, the only way in which a man can pain of prompt annihilation.
be sure of improving the world's; and, Even our great “liberal " prophet, Mr. furthermore, he will no longer be discomHerbert Spencer, is compelled, in spite of posed by the prospect of a national dis. himself, to prophesy with terror of what aster,” since there can be no national he rightly calls “ the coming slavery,” the disaster where there is no nation, however despotism, not of a single irresponsible freely the gutters may run with blood. tyrant, who must content himself with do. Private disaster, in such an infernal miling good or evil in so general a way that lennium, will be a trifle. the sense of private compulsion or injury Under such conditions, secret societies would weigh little on each individual, but of discontented and hopeless minorities the paltry and prying despotism of the will abound. Dynamite will often shake vestry — the more “virtuous " the more the nerves of smug content, and enrage paltry and prying – persecuting each indi. the people beyond bounds at such revolt vidual by the intrusion of its myriad against its infallible decrees. But none of handed, shifting, ignorant and irresistible these societies will be so hateful as the tyranny into the regulation of our labor, secret and inevitable aristocracy of the our household, and our very victuals, and, remnant that refuses to give interior assent however “pure "in its abstract intention, to the divinity of the Brummagem Baal. necessarily corrupt in its application by its Its members will acquire means of assoagents, since men, as a rule, are corrupt. ciation and methods of forbidding intru. Indications are not wanting of the sort of sion which will infuriate the rest, who, in “government " we are committed to, un-their turn, will invent tests for the discov. less the coming war shall leave us in the ery, in order to the punishment, of these grip of a less irksome tyranny. It will be “enemies of mankind,” as the Dutch à despotism which will have to be miti- traders in Japan did, in inviting all pergated by continual “ tips," as the other sons of doubtful character to trample on kind has had to be by occasional as- the crucifix. sassination. Neither the voter nor the I have called these glances at the near inspector yet know their power and oppor- future “pessimist,” because that is the tunities; but they soon will. We shall word now generally applied to all such have to “square " the district surveyor forecasts as are made by those who do not once or twice a year, lest imaginary drains ignore or pervert patent facts. - Opti. became a greater terror than real typhoid ; mists," as far as I can gather, are those we shall have to smoke our pipes secretly who hope all things from local option." and with a sense of sin, lest the moral supervisor of the parish should decline our
III. offer of half-a-crown for holding his nose
A SPANISH NOVELETTE, during his weekly examination of our bedrooms and closets; the good churchman Mr. Gosse is doing useful work in will have to receive communion under the editing a series of translations of remark: