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Lady Mary had the satisfaction of declin-| bolder mode of warfare. We are left in ing several and, finally, of accepting one the dark as to what actually occurred; proposal of marriage. This time a ducal Lady Louisa Stuart only tells us that he coronet had been the prize competed for ; paid his betrothed a morning visit, and — the Earl of March the cost at which it had “got what he wanted : an outrageous box to be attained.
on the ear and the command never to apThe fashionable world was amazed to proach her doors again." learn that this wild and profligate young He was nobly indifferent to public nobleman, cousin and heir to the Duke of opinion, but, being to a great extent deQueensberry, and himself in after life pendent upon the good-will and favor of notorious as “old Q,” should have en the head of his house, he now justified tered into a matrimonial engagement, and himself by throwing upon Lady Mary the that, too, with a lady known to have a high entire blame for the breach of engage. temper, indomitable strength of will, and ment; affecting to feel much aggrieved tastes and habits so much at variance with by her unaccountable proceedings. What his own. It is true that the proposed alli- had he done to incur her displeasure? ance was hailed by the Duke and Duchess Why had she, after Queen Elizabeth's of Queensberry as the means of weaning “Go hang” manner towards a fallen fatheir young kinsman from his evil courses, vorite, sent him from her presence with a and converting him into a decent member tingling cheek? He was unconscious of of society; but Lord March showed him- wilful offence, but even if he had allowed self little disposed to encourage such the passion of an ardent lover to overstep hopes. He openly proclaimed that he had the strict rules of conventional propriety, never for a moment entertained any inten- surely this was no such unpardonable sin, tion of marrying ; but that Lady Mary, more especially as he had tendered the instead of rejecting the unlawful proposals most humble apologies. It was very he had made to her, as she had a right to cruel, very unjust of her, so to reward his do, had, on the contrary, led him on, devotion, and wreck his hopes of a happy and finally entangled him in matrimonial future! Knowing, however, her firmness meshes. Matters had gone too far to of character and unbending resolutions, allow of his withdrawing; but he ventured he feared, alas! that he must look upon to hope that his betrothed would release his rejection as final, and bear this wound him from these unwelcome bonds. To to his affections as best he could. effect this object he now assumed much And so, having played out his little the same attitude towards her, that she, comedy, he finally started for a Continental during her first engagement, had adopted tour in company with Madame Repa.* towards Lord Coke. He rarely addressed It must be allowed that ambition had his future wife in society; ignored her hitherto played a more prominent part presence in public; spoke of her with than love in Lady Mary's matrimonial studied disdain or indifference, and even ventures, and to this ambition she now went so far as to exbibit himself in places determined to give a different direction. where they were likely to meet, as in the The personal charms, social gifts, and Park or at Ranelagh, by the side of his high talents with which she believed her. acknowledged mistress, Madame Rena, self to have been endowed by Providence an opera singer, who continued to live would, she felt assured, find a more con under his roof and to drive about conspic- genial and a wider field for their exercise uously in a chariot emblazoned with his and influence in the atmosphere of a bril.
liant court, than in any form of domestic Lady Mary, however, remained, as Lord life; and to the attainment of a commandCoke had done in similar circumstances, ing position in royal circles she accord. perfectly unmoved under these insults, ingly determined to devote her future probably, like him, biding her time to be efforts. revenged. She continued to smile upon In the pursuit of this project the first Lord March with gracious dignity, made person whose patronage and favor the excuses for his irregularities and resented, proud and virtuous daughter of the house as a reflection upon the honor of her future of Argyll now sought, was Lady Yar. husband, all attempts at interference on mouth; and to reconcile this with her the part of friends and relations, when these urged her to break off a marriage • It was a daughter of this lady, known as Maria affording so little prospect of happiness. Fagniani, who in 1798 married the third Marquess of Disconcerted by this passive resistance on whose death s. p. in 1870 the title passed out of the austere moral principles, she chose to If the young prince at first felt flattered assume that the intimacy between King by such homage, there was too little senGeorge and his German favorite had been timent in his nature to allow of his con. sanctified by a private marriage. Buttinuing to appreciate an affection which even if no such formality had taken place gave no promise of bearing fruit, except Lady Mary's reverence for royalty would at a price which he was by no means dis. have enabled her to condone the offence, posed to pay. since she considered kings to be exempt Indeed, it may be doubted whether any from the moral obligations imposed upon one, except Lady Mary herself, viewed the vulgar; and that in such cases a these relations in a serious light, though woman might be allowed to plead the they afforded a fertile subject for joke sentiment of loyalty to the sovereign in and gossip in court circles. The Lady extenuation of her transgression.
Hertford, and was the mother of the fourth marquess, to his maneuvres, Lord March adopted a direct line.
Augusta* used to speak laughingly, of Besides, Lady Yarmouth, though she “ my sister Mary,” and the graceless still exercised much influence at court, prince himself diverted his friends with was by this time a dull, dowdy, well-con- coarsely expressed accounts of the pomducted, elderly woman, with no pretensions pous admiration of which he was the obto wit or beauty. She was free, too, from ject, of my lady's alternate reserve and the fault, so commonly ascribed to royal encouragement, and of her undisguised favorites, of interfering in affairs of State. determination to become the wife of his Indeed, the only offence which the nation bosom. could lay to her charge was the putting up The sudden death of the young prince, to public auction of places, titles, and at Modena in 1767, was probably the ribbons; a practice which, probably on greatest grief which Lady Mary Coke sufgrounds of economy, the king fully ap- fered in the course of her long life; though proved. We are told that when, on one the parade she made of her lamentations occasion, the lady boasted of having re- is hardly consistent with genuine feeling, fused the offer of a very large bribe, his and the entries in her journal seem to inMajesty inquired : “And vy was you such dicate that sorrow for his loss was aggraa great fool?"
vated by suspicions of his constancy. So Lady Mary bowed low before the For weeks after the tidings reached her king's mistress, and conspicuously wore she professes to have been almost entirely upon her beautiful arm a bracelet enclos. deprived of sleep, and the few snatches of ing a lock of Lady Yarmouth's hair.
repose vouchsafed to her were haunted by The young princes, George the Second's painful visions of a faithless prince: grandchildren, were now growing to man's estate. Their aunt, the Princess Amelia, took no particular notice of me, which sur
I dreampt of the duke; that I thought he described them as “the best humored prised me. asses that ever were born ; ” but in Lady
I dreampt again of the duke. I thought Mary Coke's eyes royal blood more than we were together in a church and both kneelcompensated for the want of intellectual ing down, but that he got up and left me. or physical gifts, and the dignified court
No message by his servant! That he would lady of thirty-two pow lost her heart, or not think of me when he was dying is indeed whatever represented that organ in her very extraordinary and what I could not have cold, well-regulated nature, to the Duke of believed; but in a few days, if I hear nothing, York, a boy in his twentieth year, of “a it will then be out of doubt. little mean figure and a pale face,” says On the occasion of the prince's funeral Lady Louisa, '" with white eyebrows and she descended into the vault to weep and eyelashes, and a certain tremulous mo.
pray beside the coffin, and this loud-voiced tion of the eye, that was far from adding to its beauty.” He, moreover, already • Second daughter of Frederic, Prince of Wales, showed precocious symptoms of the profi- afterwards Duchess of Brunswick. According to Lady gate habits and the vulgar taste for practi-bers of the royal family s Princess," had been imported
Louisa Stuart the practice of styling the female memcal jokes and horse-play, for which he was from Germany on the accession of the house of Han, notorious throughout his brief and inglo- English habits, probably in a spirit of opposition to his
over. The Prince of Wales, who studiously affected rious career.
thoroughly German father, revived the old English But Lady Mary held peculiar views, and custom by calling his daughters “ Lady," considering had he possessed the beauty of Adonis, France, or the . Infanta” of Spain) than that of
this a more dignified title (like the “ Madame" of and the accomplishments of the Admira- “ Princess," so common on the Continent, and there ble Crichton, she could not have treated so far from being confined to royal persons. But Queen
Charlotte, deeply imbued with German etiquette, inhim with a more profound reverence, or a duced George the Third to re-establish the title which greater devotion.
still remains in use.
grief lasted a long time. The mention of Had her Grace of Argyll danced a reel his name brought on a flood of tears, and in church her daughter could not have a child's chance allusion to Westminster been more scandalized: “Happy was I Abbey produced a fit of hysterics ; but the when they got into the coach," she says, honest and sensible Princess Amelia, who and when she was able to apologize for knew the actual state of affairs, had no her mother's misconduct, on the ground patience with such displays, and on one of her advanced age and the retired life occasion checked the accustomed outbreak she had led for so many years. by this cruel, if wholesome, admonition: The two princesses were probably far
My good lady, if you would but know more disposed to laugh at Lady Mary's what a joke he always used to make of agitation and "hurryd spirits " than to you, you would soon have done crying for resent the freedom of their hostess, the him."
simple, good-natured “Duchess Jenny,” The failure of the happiness which Lady of whose bad manners we shall hear no Mary had successively sought in an alli- more; for a few weeks later the journal ance with a future earl, a future duke, and records how, on receiving the tidings of an actual prince of the blood had left her her mother's death, “I lay in bed twelve sorely wounded.
hours in the hopes of composing my “ I was not born to be happy; the same spirits, and though I sought distraction in ill-fortune which attended me in early life reading I found that I could not amuse pursues me still," she writes in her journal myself.” at this time, but she was not altogether Then follow platitudes on life and death, discouraged yet, for when Lord Bessbor- full details as to the funeral which should ough, in showing her over his magnificent be conducted on a scale befitting the rank house, had expressed the hope that she of the deceased, and the touching remark would consent to become its mistress, she, that it was “a very melancholy office to while professing the greatest respect and be obliged to open the draws of any perregard for his lordship, came to the con- son who is just dead.” For nearly a whole clusion that she “might do better,” even fortnight the journal contains go record of if she had not been “still too much at- “ Lu parties,” or even of the domestic tached to the memory of the PERSON who cribbage. is gone, to think of any other engage- Years passed, and Lady Mary Coke still ment."
failed to “do better." No suitor worthy The same year that carried off the PER- of her notice was found daring enough to SON deprived Lady Mary of her mother, descend into the abbey crypt, and to resusfor whom she entertained but little affec- citate the heart buried in the PERSON'S tion, and whom she had ever treated with tomb. To make matters worse, other scant respect. Those blunt manners, and women, boasting not one tithe of her prethat utter want of due reverence for ex- tensions, succeeded in advancing them. alted rank which, to the last, continued to selves. There was evidently something characterize her Grace, were not to be wrong in the social system. Of the fate excused or forgiven. What is to be done that awaited her in a future state, she had with a woman who does not know how to no fears or misgivings; but how came it efface herself in presence of royalty ? that in this life merits, like hers, did not Imagine the agony of mind which poor meet with their reward? Lady Mary must have suffered during a In 1769 the following entry in the jourscene which she describes in a long and nal gives expression to these melancholy pathetic letter to her sister, on the occa: reflections:sion of the Princess Amelia and the Duchess of Brunswick honoring, her Duchess of Kingston; infamy seeming to
I make no doubt of Miss Chudleigh being mother with a visit, and when the latter
prosper, while virtue appears under a cloud, “ quite forgot that they were princesses, neglected and oppressed. Who is considered or that there were any forms due to them. by the world for being virtuous, or for acting ... She went before them into every a nobly disinterested part? Does such con
Pray Maram, observe my duct gain anything but the satisfaction of pretty deer, my turkeys, and my sheep. one's own conscience ? I have experienced Did you ever see anything like them? neglect of all kinds, from my most intimate but Maram, I must show you my themselves my friends; yet I have only been
acquaintances, and even from those who call bed-chamber' (and in she walked before them); here is Pug's bed; and this is unfortunate, which I find, of all others, the
most inexcusable fault. my little dressing room; pray look at that chair; pray set down in it.'
The Miss Chudleigh who forms the text
of this homily had in her time played maids of honor cannot marry two husbands many parts on the social stage, and had in quiet?”*— while the bigamist herself had her exits and her entrances, "the end is made to explain that: being perfect ruin,” or nearly so.
A maid like me, Heaven meant at least for lo 1743, while a maid of honor to the
two, Princess of Wales, she had contracted a I married him, and now - I marry you ! clandestine marriage with Mr. Augustus Hervey, a young sea lieutenant, and
Lady Mary's journal, begun in 1766, the brother of the Earl of Bristol, who, after two bulky volumes of which, now printed a few days of wedded bliss, sailed away to
as a first instalment, barely embrace three Port Mohun in his country's service, while years, was composed in the form of weekly the bride resumed her virginal duties at or bi-weekly news-letters addressed to her the court of St. James's.
sisters, and continued almost without inThe secret was well kept for
terruption for twenty-five years. Those
many years, and when, finally, the husband took who have turned over the leaves of an old steps to establish the marriage, not with book of fashions and asked themselves in a view to domestic happiness, but to di- amused wonder how their grandmothers vorce, for which his wife had fully quali could have made themselves look so ridic. fied herself, she succeeded in obtaining a
ulous, will understand the effect produced judgment in the Spiritual Court legally by a cursory glance at these volumes, establishing her contention that no such but which, studied more closely, become contract had been entered into between
wearisome beyond description. Never, them.
perhaps, was there told in pretentious Considering herself thus free-she, in print the story of a more vapid or frivo1769, publicly married one of her many
lous life. From first to last there is no lovers, the old Duke of Kingston, who, vestige of a high purpose, a serious purdying six years later, left her ihe greater suit, an ennobling thought; an intellectual part of his large disposable possessions.
or artistic taste. With the few exceptions In order to recover these his Grace's heirs hereafter referred to, the journal is only a determined to have the duke's marriage fine lady's record of a 'dull
, unvarying annulled on the ground of its having been round of assemblies and card parties, of bigamous; and the Duchess of Kingston petty gossip and stale scandals, interwas accordingly arraigned before the spersed with much twaddling sentiment, House of Peers on the charge of having religious cant, and disagreeable details of " by force of arms feloniously married dinners and suppers eaten, with their ef. Evelyn Pierpoint, her husband, Augustus fect upon the digestive organs of the John Hervey, being then alive."
writer. Acting in the double capacity of a court
Originality or depth of feeling is not to of appeal and a criminal court, my lords be expected'in so artificial a nature, but quashed the decision of the spiritual there is something exceptional in such an judges upon which the prisoner rested her entire absence of any sense of duty, of defence, and, rising one by one, with band sympathy or consideration for others, as laid on heart, each noble lord declared her
the journal betrays. to be “Guilty, upon my honor."
One entry, indeed, from its novelty of Bigamy was in those days a capital
tone arrests attention : offence, and the handsome and witty twice. Thank you for inquiring after Alphen; she wedded maid of honor, who had by this is perfectly well now, but has eat no meat time attained the mature age of fifty, since her illness. She has broth and bread would doubtless have been sentenced to twice a day, which agrees with her surprisbranding and transportation to the colonies ingly. but for the happy accident of Mr. Hervey So after all this grande dame could de. having, shortly before the trial, succeeded scend to minister by the bedside of some to his brother's earldom. The convict humble friend or faithful dependent; but being able to plead privilege of peerage, we read on and are disillusioned; Alphen as Countess of Bristol, thus escaped the was a dog. penalty of her crime.
Lady Mary is much dissatisfied with It may be conceived how such an inci- the bad company that she meets at the dent must have agitated fashionable soci. court of St. James's, which want of exety, and what a theme it afforded for the clusiveness she attributes to a recent reg. gossips.
ulation under which the right of entrée “Why all this fuss ?” asks Horace Walpole, “and what are we coming to if
• Letter to Rev. William Mason. 7th Aug., 1775.
was extended to the wives of privy coun- to Lu when I came in. We played till after cillors. Indeed there remained only two eleven, and I won forty-six guineas. ceremonials worthy of being graced by I was glad to set down to Lu. I won sixher presence, and these, a coronation and and-a-half guineas; came home, read three the trial of a peer, were in the nature of chapters in the bible, and to bed. things of comparatively rare occurrence. To Lady Harrington's, and was set down
Although, then, court news is regularly to Lu with the Duchess of Hamilton. Lost recorded in the journal, and mention is ten guineas, and did not get home till half made among other important events of the after eleven. Read in the bible, and went to
bed. Prince of Wales, afterwards George the Fourth, having been "put in breeches " It will be noticed that Bible-reading on a given day, it is mainly made up of generally followed upon the game of tedious accounts of the routine of fash- · Lu;" though these studies were someionable society, in which eating plays a times varied by a course of “Grammont's very important part.
Memoirs," or other equally profane literaHere are a few extracts illustrative of ture. the Lady Mary's culinary experiences as Visiting was a very serious affair, but, she records them for the information of as this duty was generally performed in her sisters :
the evening and frequently wound up with It was two o'clock before I returned to the cards, it had its consolations :inn, where I found my dinner ready. It was Made forty-two visits. not good by any means. Tough chickens, mutton not halt rosted, pees villenously old, made thirty-six and ended at Lady Holder
Set off half-an-hour after six to return visits; and the jam current tart made in a glass, you ness. Played at Lu, and won sixteen guineas. know. I eat, however, heartily, and returned a little after seven where I am now waiting Hertford, where I played at Lu till eleven,
Made thirty-two visits, and ended at Lord for my supper.
and won eleven guineas. Eat my rosted apples; read a little in the bible; went to bed. Rose at my usual hour. The old Duchess of Argyll considered After breakfast worked in my garden an hour the “ Assembly in King Street," as the
was an hour and a half in dressing. At future “ Almack's ” was then called, an five went to Mackenzie's. Eat more than improper resort for young people; but usual of an excellent haunch of venison undressed, eat my supper and prepared for Lady Mary had no fault to find with it ex. bed.
cept on the score of its dulness; whereas I was very indiscreet and eat so many little she declared Ranelagh to be always bril.
liant. eels that my stomach was disordered last night.
The following description of an enterWe had two very large carp for supper, but tainment there is characteristic, though very muddy.
the language is rather such as a smart
Abigail might employ than that of a great At a ball at Lord Hertford's, where court lady. dancing began at half past seven, “every.
I think I never saw so much great company thing at supper was cold excepting pees, beans, soops and fish,” notwithstanding plenty, and I believe I may say, hundreds of
there was ten Duchesses, Countesses in which her ladyship boasts of having had a the nobility; but not one Royal Person. “very good stomach."
Card-playing ranks only next to eating, Here is a conversation between two the games being Lu, quadrille, cribbage, grandes dames which is thought worthy tresdille, faron, quinze, and occasionally of being recorded in the journal: “a ruber of whisk.” The stakes appear The Duchess of Bedford, who, you know, to have been high, since Lady Mary's gives herself airs, said at Gunneysbury, "did winnings or losings at one sitting occa. ever anybody see such creatures as the Princes sionally exceed fifty guineas:
of Sax Goth?" I asked her Grace if she
knew them? “No, it was the first time she Lady Harrington's party broke up sooner than usual, and she came to our table. I lost had seen them.” I then told her that I had five guineas, came home about half after that honor, and that I could assure her that eleven, read a little in the bible, and went to but had the manners of a man of distinction.
the eldest Prince was not only very sensible, bed.
This seemed to offend her, for she turned to Played at Lu; won eleven guineas, and did me and said: “I am very glad to hear it. I not come home till near twelve o'clock. Read wish your Ladyship may be hereditary Princess three chapters in Revelations.
of Sax Goth." I smiled, and thanked her His Royal Highness was just sitting down | Grace for the great honor she did me, but