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Mr. Forster, in disguise, then pro- had a few successes; but as they passed claimed James III. king of these realms, through Westmoreland they found that with sound of trumpet and other formal already several leading Catholics had been ities, and ordered the clergyman to pray arrested, and the further they advanced for James as king. The clergyman de- the more dashed became the hopes with clined, however, and set off for Newcastle, which sanguine friends had inspired them. but a substitute was found in a Mr. Bux- On approaching Lancaster, their proston, one of the prince's chaplains, who did pects brightened; volunteers came flockall required of him.
ing to them from all parts, and the imposing Gathering gradually as they rode on. manner in which they entered the town is ward, the party now consisted of about thus described : three hundred men, all horse, for they “ Two hundred of the Eoglish noble. would entertain no foot; otherwise their men and gentlemen with their followers number would have been very large ; but on horseback came first; these were fol. they gave the poorer people hopes of being lowed by the Highland infantry attired soon able to furnish them with arms and in their showy and picturesque costume; ammunition.
these again by two hundred of the LowMr. Forster, being a Protestant, was, 'and-Scottish, and these again by the body from policy, appointed general, and they of Scottish horse. How little did their went forward with the intention of sur- bright show of banners flying and the prising Newcastle, believing that they had stirring strains of their martial music tell many partisans within its walls; but news of the dismal shadow that was soon to of their designs had preceded them; they descend upon them all.” found the gates closed, and such a strong Late on the night of November 9th they show of defence that they turned westward entered Preston; the forces under Gen. to Hexham. Here Mr. Forster called a eral Forster now numbered thirty-two halt and collected arms and horses to hundred men, and a regiment of militia mount volunteers, who flocked from all and Stanhope's regiment of dragoons fed quarters.
at their approach. It was proposed to On the 19th of October Mr. Forster left seize Warrington Bridge and thus open a Hexham, and with his party, joining the way to Manchester and Liverpool ; " but Highlanders under Mackintosh, proceeded this project,” says Mackenzie, "like all to Wooler and Kelso. By this time their others that had a show of prudence, was numbers amounted to fourteen hundred delayed until their destruction was com. men.
pleted." Lieutenant-general Carpenter had gone The same historian continues : “ On the to the relief of Newcastle, but finding it 12th General Forster gave orders for his so well defended he pressed on across the army to march, but was soon informed border. Lord Kenmure, hearing of his that General Willis, with four regiments approach, called a council of war, and it of dragoons and one of foot, were in sight. was strongly urged that the Jacobites Depending on the promise of the Lan. should join the clans in the west of Scot- cashire gentlemen for timely intelligence, land, but the Northumbrians opposed this he was greatly surprised at the appearance opinion. There were many dissentients of the royal army; but, after reconnoi. in the camp. At Hawick the Highlanders tring, he returned to the town to prepare mutinied and refused to enter England, for their reception.
His men were not saying if they were to be sacrificed it dispirited, but cheerfully commenced the should be in their own country. There preparations for their defence. They bar. was an intention to attack Dumfries, which ricaded the avenues, and posted their was in a very defenceless state; but here men in the streets and by-lanes and such again there was a difference of opinion, houses as were most proper for galling and the Northumberland gentlemen in their enemies. General Forster formed sisted on marching into Lancashire, where four main barriers ; the first a little below they affirmed twenty thousand men were the church, commanded by Brigadier only waiting to join them. At this soine Mackintosh, and supported by the Earls five hundred Highlanders retired into of Derwentwater, Winton, and Nithsdale; their mountains in disgust; the rest with the Lord Keomure and the gentlemen vol. great difficulty were kept together. unteers in the churchyard. The second
On November ist General Forster and was situated at the end of a lane leading his forces, now seventeen huodred strong, to the fieids, and commanded by Lord entered Penrith, in Cumberland. Here Charles Murray. The third was near a again James III. was proclaimed, and they | windmill, and commanded by the Laird of
Mackintosh ; and the fourth was in the atory to their entering the capital the arms
By what means news of her husband's
Notwithstanding this success, however, taken before the House of Peers to an. the courage of General Forster's little swer to the articles of their impeachment. army began to fail, when next morning All, with the exception of Lord Widdring. (Sunday) it was known that General Carton, pleaded guilty. Lord Derwentwater penter had arrived with his three regi- urged in extenuation of his offence that ments of dragoons.
he “ had not engaged in the enterprise on The plucky Highlanders proposed to any previous concert or contrivance; but sally out and die like men, sword in hand, that being young and inexperienced, he but this was overruled. General Forster had rashly and without premeditation en: then, acting independently, and unknown gaged himself to meet his relatives and to all, sent a messenger to General Willis acquaintances.” offering to capitulate. The reply was that Parliament expelled Mr. Forster, who if they would submit at discretion Carpen- was member for Northumberland ; and on ter would protect them from his soldiery. the 9th of February, the earl received senBitterly indignant were the besieged when tence from Lord Chancellor Cowper. this was known, and had General Forster Great solicitations were made with the appeared among them there would have court and with members of both Houses been little chance of his escaping their of Parliament in his behalf. The count. vengeance. To quote an old ballad :- ess left no means untried to obtain her
husband's pardon. She, with her sister Lord Derwentwater to Forster said, “Thou hast ruined the cause and all betrayed; king's bedchamber, where the unhappy
and other ladies, were admitted to the For thou did'st swear to stand our friend, But hast turned traitor in the end."
woman fell on her knees and implored the
royal clemency, but in vain. She went to On General Willis demanding hostages the lobby of the House of Lords to beg while the besieged party made up their their intercession, but her petition was minds, Lord Derwentwater offered him. disregarded. She attended Westminster, self as one and Colonel Mackintosh was but there the Duke of Richmond, a near the other. Next morning, by seven o'clock, relation of the earl's, though prevailed the king's troops entered the town; the upon to present her petition, voted against surrounding army assembled in the mar. it. The House, however, it was said, ket-place and delivered up their arms as leaned to mercy, but finally agreed to prisoners. The number of English taken leave the matter to the king, who did not was 463, including 79 noblemen and gen- think proper to reprieve or pardon the tlemen, mostly Northumbrians; the Scots young earl; and those who spoke in favor amounted to 1,005, among whom were 143 of him, urging youth and inexperience as noblemen, officers, and gentlemen. his excuse, only drew upon themselves the
The half-pay officers among the prison. royal displeasure. ers were immediately shot, but the Earl of On the 23rd of February orders were Derwentwater and his companions were despatched for executing the Earls of detained in Preston until the beginning of Derwentwater and Nithsdale and Lord December, and then, under a strong escort Kenmure on Tower Hill the next mornof Darnley's regiment, were despatched ing. How Lady Nithsdale managed to on horseback to London.
save her husband by bringing him a suit The weary and dismal cavalcade reached of feminine apparel forms one of the most London on December the gth, and prepar- romantic episodes in history. Sir Robert
Walpole was offered £16,000 if he could of a Mr. Medcalf, in Brownlow Street, save the Earl of Derwentwater's life, but where the head had also been taken, and the fact of the unfortunate earl's relation both were embalmed. The outer cover of ship to the hosue of Stuart, and his ac- the coffin was of crimson velvet, studded quaintance with Prince Charles, militated with gilt nails, bearing a gilt plate inagainst every effort that was made on his scribed:behalf. At daybreak on the 24th of February
The Right HONORABLE JAMES, three detachments of the Guards took up
Late Earl of Derwentwater. their position round the scaffold erected Died, February 24th, 1715-6, aged 27 years. on Tower Hill; and a little before ten o'clock the two condemned men were con- For some time the remains rested in a veyed in a hackney coach from the Tower private chapel at Dagenham Park, near to the transport office on Tower Hill, Romford, where the countess was then where a room hung with black awaited residing, and the manner of their removal their reception.
is one of the current traditions of the The Earl of Derwentwater was the first North. to be led to the scaffold. He wore a suit The carriage containing the body of his of black velvet, a broad-brimmed beaver beloved master was driven by the faithful hat, turned up on one side, with a droop- servant, Dun, who had rescued the head, ing feather, long black worsted stockings, and accompanied by the widowed countshoes with high heels and silver buckles. ess, the mournful cortège travelled by In accordance with the fashion of the day, night and rested by day, so as to escape the curls of a light flaxen wig fell upon observation, until it reached Dilston his shoulders.
Chapel, where the remains were laid in As he ascended the steps he was ob. the vault of the Ratcliffes. served to turn very pale, but quickly re- The earl's death was followed by the covering knelt for a short time in prayer, ruin of one of the most flourishing fami. then asked permission to read a paper lies in the north of England; the splendid which he had prepared, and this was read-estates were forfeited, and an act was ily accorded to him. For the second time passed transferring them to the use of the he was offered his life on condition that Greenwich Hospital. he should conform to the Established The countess survived her lord just Church and swear allegiance to the house seven years, dying at the age of thirty. of Hanover. But his answer was: Her son lived only nineteen years; her “ These terms would be too dear a pur-daughter married the eighth Lord Petre, chase."
and left a son and three daughters. After the usual formalities had been In October, 1874, the remains of Lord gone through of forgiving his enemies, he Derwentwater were removed to Thoroden, whispered to the chaplain to beg the in Essex, to be re-interred in the family countess to be in no concern about his vault of Lord Petre. burial, for he did not care what they did On examining the coffin it was found with his corpse. Finding a rough place exactly as described: the inscription plate, on the block that might hurt his neck, he which had been very thin, was much corbade the executioner make it smooth, and roded and illegible; the velvet, once a few seconds later, as the head of the crimson, had the appearance of black, and luckless young earl rolled on the scaffold, had become quite rotten; but the nails, it was picked up by a faithful servant of after being in the damp vault one hunthe family, folded in a handkerchief, and dred ard fifty-eight years, were fine speci. conveyed away.
mens of gilding. Lord Derwentwater's last requests in The bones were placed in a new coffin, the Tower had been that his body might the original one, which was of elm-wood be interred at Dilston among his ances and much decayed, being ordered to be tors, but the government refused it, fearing burnt. But the person in charge managed another rising in the North.
to evade this order; the old coffin was cut The body, wrapped in a black cloth, was up and the pieces distributed among the taken in a hired coach to the Tower, people in the neighborhood. where it would have been buried if the Numberless superstitions still linger in earl's friends had not, by stratagem and a these romantic parts of Northumberland mock funeral, obtained possession of it. concerning the popular young earl's death, The following morning, by three o'clock, and some of them will bear recording it was conveyed in a hearse to the surgery here.
Though none mention the return of the movements of the Reds and the labor Lord Derwentwater's ghost to earth, not struggles. For all that, the islanders are a few relate how the spirit-form of the sufficiently intelligent to know that the countess has often been seen wandering days of Harold the Fairhaired are loog near the ruins of the ancient castle, or ia past, and that every man is nearly as good the adjoining woods, in search of her as every other man. busband; or standing, holding the lamp Almost from daybreak the little harbor from the tower, where she used to wait of Thorshavn (Thor's port) assumes gala and watch for his return.
dress on this great festival. The gunConcerning the earl himself, it is gravely boat which may chance to have called at stated that on the day of his execution, the Faroes on its way from Greenland to the romantic stream which winds and Copenhagen, is gay with bunting, and fires rushes about his ancestral home, became a gun periodically. The two or three the color of blood; while the Aurora Bo- Norwegian barques here for codfish, and realis, of which there was on the same the green-hulled Spanish ship in the North date a magnificent display, is known by seas for the same purpose, pay the like the
of “ Lord Derwentwater's tribute of bunting to the saint of the day ; Lights" unto this day.
and anon send their men ashore to drink cheap wines and smoke cheap cigars with the rest of the world. But these are trivial manifestations compared with the excite.
ment of the arrival of one boatload of From Chambers' Journal.
people after another from the other islands. ST. OLAF'S DAY IN THE FAROES.
It is no joke facing the currents and squalls ST. OLAF's day, the 29th of July, is a of the Faroe seas; but the Faroese are very great day indeed in Thorshavn, the not to be deterred from their annual revel capital of the Faroes. That very remote by any terrors of this kind. They come litile town, of about twelve hundred inhab. in their best clothes, with clean red-and. itants, cannot be said at any time to be black mob caps on their heads – blueremarkable for its liveliness; but such and black if they are in mourning - and diversion as it can offer to the stranger attended by a swarm of their blue-eyed, seems all compressed into the sixteen or flaxen-haired female relatives of all ages. eighteen hours of daylight on this most And they are greeted in Thorshavn by festive of anniversaries.
their kindred with the utmost warmth ; It is a day of responsibility for the gov- and all day long they are free to eat cake, ernor of the islands, who ordinarily has drink wine, and smoke cigars in honor of little enough to do, and whose somewhat the saint, King Christian, and the blood. frigid drawing-room does not receive many ties that make hospitality a duty as well visitors of the diplomatic or aught other as a pleasurable privilege. kind. He has to represent his Majesty Every one who can attends church in King Christian, and, with a certain amount the morning, and listens with interest to of state, open the Lagthing, or local House the patriotic oration which it behoves the of Parliament. He has also, in the even- dean of the Isles to deliver from the puling, to preside at the traditional banquet, pit. His Excellency the governor, with over the claret of which the esteemed cocked-hat and gold lace and sword, sits members of the Lagthing become alınost by the altar, and bows a great many times indecorously noisy as the speeches pro- during the service; and afterwards he ceed and the number of empty bottles in shakes bands with the dean, and having – creases. Nor does this end the day. For as it seems whispered word of the after the procession to church, the open evening banquet, at which the ecclesiastic ing of Parliament, the afternoon recep- must by no means forget to be present, he tions, and the evening feast, there is marches down the aisle, followed by the further a famous dance in one of the sheriff, the sysselmen, and the other prioThorshavn rooms, and the populace will cipal members of this island community think it kind of him if he will squeeze into of about eleven thousand individuals. their midst and perspire with them for a The organ peals, the little pigtailed damfew minutes. This last is the worst or sels from outlying islets stare wonderingly, deal of all. But even in humdrum Faroe and the more irreverent of the Thorshavn it is well for the representative of royalty boys follow the great folks until they have to be as democratic as his temperament dispersed each one to his own house, to will permit. Here are no cables with the recruit and prepare for the parliamentary mainland to keep the Faroese posted in ordeal to eosue in an hour or two.
This second stage in the day's proceed- | the town and see how the honest Faroese ings is quite diverting. Among the thirty are enjoying themselves. A few of them or forty members of Parliament present, are perhaps by this time a little tipsy, some are sure to be new, not only to sen- even thus early in the day. But Thors. atorial work, but perhaps also even to havn is a free port; wines and spirits are such metropolitan magnificence as little so cheap, and St. Olaf's feast is such an Thorshavn can offer them. They are important one, that the islanders cannot stiff, big-boned fellows, and they have not altogether restrain themselves. The calls changed their usual homespun serge for of hospitality, too, are distinctly operous. anything like a black coat. They are em- The man from Kalsoe — that rugged barrassed by their hands and feet; and northern isle — has a score of friends in much embarrassed by the gaze of their the capital. He sees them perhaps twice more veteran comrades, some of whom are a year, perhaps only on the 29th of July. not above being cynical in a mild way at Shall he chill their affection for him by their expense. They even seem to envy refusing to drink with them? He canoot the usher - in untanned cowskin mocca. be so churlish ; and it is these constant sios — who directs them into their places "skalds” that make him a little hilarious with so fine an air of easy authority. One ere two o'clock. His wife, good soul, koows as well as if their minds were laid laughs joyously at his predicament. She bare to the world, that they are longing to would think less well of him if he carried be back in their snug little farms, among a demure, chilling face with him wherever the bay and the litter of codfish heads he made his calls. Such are the simple which tell so eloquently of the fine catch habits of the Faroese. of yesterday in the fiord hard by.
For centuries it has been the custom in Parliament House itself is not, however, Faroe thus to make the most of St. Olaf's a building that ought to appal them. They day. An old island writer reminds us of probably have barns at home quite as it : “ When the Thing (or Lagthing) busilarge, it less lofty, and provided with fewer ness was over, the evening was given up windows. It is only some fifteen paces in to recreation or familiar intercourse; the length by about five in width; and for fur. bards stood forth and sang ballads about niture it contains nothing more striking the chief events of long-distant and recent than a tall old clock, a bust of the king, times. Men who seldom met now disand a horseshoe table neatly set out with closed their minds to each other. Buying inkpots, pens, blotting-paper, and reports and selling were stopped, and gave place of the work of the previous session. to other engagements. The young men They themselves give animation to the on this occasion made acquaintance with room; and so do the two or three dozen the maidens who attended their fathers or members of the commonalty who take near relatives, and many a one journeyed places in the gallery alloited for the to the Thing to get a bride, or returned public.
therefrom as a bridegroom." On this the opening day no routine work It is interestiog in the light of this readhas to be done, unless the methodical handing to mark the processions of girls and shaking with the governor and the " Hip! youths on the rugged little roads which hip!” of patriotic joy at mention of King stretch for a mile or so outside the town. Christian's game may be so regarded. They are exceedingly vivacious, and the Still the session lasts some little time. Pa blue eyes of the chubby damsels sparkle pers have to be signed - a lengthy busi. with latent or evident coquettishness. ness for some of the members, who are The lads follow with less alacrity. They evidently not at home with their pens. have not studied courtship as a fine art. Senatorial gossip warms their hearts, and They are rather perplexed, indeed, besets the more modest of them somewhat at tween the sense that as suitors they are their ease. One does not doubt their chat. not playing the part that best becomes ter is of no exalted kind. It is talk about them, and that sweet instinct of yearning oxen and crops and codfish catches. No which will not allow them to turn their matter. The bust of the king dignifies it; backs upon the girls and betake them. and so, when the sitting is dissolved, selves to some more active and maoly every one moves cheerfully, as if pos. form of exercise. Thus they are led up sessed by the pleasing consciousness that and down among the basalt blocks and he has done his duty, both as a citizen and heather of the suburbs, and perhaps as a member of the Lagthing.
far as the great waterfall at the foot of Once again on the edge of the moor the mountains where they rise towards purple with heath - it is well to return to the ancient ecclesiastical settlement of