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ing once enriched the Hereford seat. As chester and Chichester, Durham treasures we leave this cathedral, and look down the several gold rings found in the tombs of glorious vista of massive cylindrical col- mediæval bishops. Three examples, set umos, a golden sunlight foods the build with sapphires, were found in the stone ing, and the verger points out a shadowy coffins of Bishops Flambard, Geoffrey cross, cast by cross-lights, on the shaft of Rufus, and William de St. Barbara, when the central pillar of the Lady Chapel, they were dug up, in 1874, out of the porwhich is surely a sciagraphical curiosity. tion of the chapter house that was thrown
In Wells Cathedral is a curious old into the dean's garden, on its demolition clock, brought there from Glastonbury at to reduce its size, in the last century. the Dissolution. It is not to be compared The best-known relics here, however, are with the wonderful piece of mechanism in the gold-embroidered stole and maniple, Strasburg Caihedral, either for size or and the pectoral cross, in which St. Cuthintricacy or comprehensiveness, but is, bert lay for so many centuries, which, with nevertheless, quaint and complicated, in his comb and a few other items, are careso far as it shows the solar motions, and fully kept in a glass case on a table in the the age and phases of the moon, as well library.' In connection with these relics as tells the time. It is claimed to be the the curious statement may be mentioned oldest clock of the kind. The name of that has bee so generally received, that the maker is inscribed on it as Peter only three persons know where the body Lightfoot, a monk. The dial is divided of this bishop has been deposited. When into twenty-four parts, and is marked with one of these three die, it is said the secret old English figures up to twelve, from is communicated to a third person, and so noon to midnight, and again from thence handed down. A few years ago an author. to noon. A liitle figure of a man strikes ized explanation was made, at a conven. the quarters with his feet; and above the ient opportunity, to test the truth of dial is a tower, from which four mounted another lingering impression to the effect figures emerge and tilt. On the dial are that it would be found at a certain spot, two inscriptions in connection with delin which resulted only in proving that there eations of a female figure and a full moon was no foundation for it. The president of inclosed within two circles, the first of the Durham and Northumberland Archiwhich is “ Semper peragrat Phæbe," and tectural and Archæological Society men. the other“ Punctus ab hinc monsirat micro tioned to the members, in 1868, that a sidericus arcus.” A lantern that is always tradition pointed to a place under the third spoken of as the Glastonbury lantern, is and fourth steps of the staircase leading also taken care of in this cathedral. up to the tower where the clock was, as
In Exeter Cathedral there is a fifteenth the place of its concealment, and that this century clock with the motto, " Pereunt et tradition had been handed down in three imputantur.”
lines, one being in the Benedictine order, İn York Minster, among other curiosi- another in the vicars-apostolic or bishops, ties, besides rings and chalices found in and the third in certain lay families. As the tombs of such of the bishops of olden stated, when examined by the authority of times as have been opered in this and the the dean and chapter, it was ascertained last century, there is the minutely carved that the place had never been disturbed ivory lusk that was the token that Ulphus since it was built in the days of the Nor. laid upon the altar in the eleventh cen
There is a carving of the dun cow tury, as a memento that he gave certain and of the woman who went in search of lands lying to the east of York to the it, on the exterior of this cathedral, that Minster, which lands are still in the pos- must be accounted a curiosity also. session of the dean and chapter. This In Norwich Cathedral, in front of the horn is completely covered with carvings, ancient stone episcopal throne in the in which winged quadrupeds occupy much choir, is an indenture in the pavement to of the field. There is, too, though it indicate where it was desirable the various scarcely deserves to be mentioned in clerics assisting in ceremonies should the same paragraph with this delightful stand. In York Cathedral there were for. relic, a curiosity preserved here that was merly circular stones laid down in the found in the coffin of Archbishop Rother. pavement for this purpose, which were ham, who died of the plague A.D. 1500. iaken up when the new tessellated floor This is a life-sized head of a man carved was laid down; and in Westminster Abin wood.
bey rows of small stones in the centres of As well as York and Hereford, Win-I the pavements of some of the ambulatoLIVING AGE. VOL. LXXIX. 4076
ries, called the middle tread, served to was carried to St. Paul's for burial, for keep processions in good order. Some conservation in that building. The earlier few of these last may still be seen. examples bring us very closely in touch
Although a crypt is not a curiosity in a with old times, and help us to see the general way, the Saxon example under reality of events that we are apt to conRipon Cathedral may be viewed in the sider but slightingly as mere historical light of one; especially as there is a curi. occurrences. In this light we have no ous custom kept up of “threading the more pathetic souvenirs than the sword needle "init, which consists of scrambling and shield of Edward the Third still through a hole in a wall that divides it treasured in Westminster Abbey; and the from å passage on one side of it. It is gauntlets, helm, surcoat, shield, and the small and dark, under the central tower, scabbard of the sword of the Black and is approached by a long, dark, narrow Prince still hanging over his tomb in Cao. passage, forty-five feet long, to which ac- terbury Cathedral. Placed there, inas. cess is gained by steps leading down from much as their owners needed them no the nave. There are a few other Saxon more, these simple personal relics bring remains that are curious, besides the Ox- before us, arrestingly, the loss, sorrow, ford windows mentioned, among which the wooderment, and gap felt by the nation remains of the Saxon church that was the on the occurrence of these supreme occapredecessor of Peterborough Cathedral sions. will come to mind.
Among curiosities that are parts of In Bath Abbey Church the extraordi- these noble fabrics must be counted, in pary number of mural tablets strike the addition to the whispering galleries, the eye with astonishment. Not only are the instances in which bistory and tradition walls completely lined with these memo- have invested certain objects with special rials placed in close rows and tiers, but the claims, as in the matter of the martyrium pillars are also made use of as places upon of Thomas à Becket in Canterbury Cathewhich tablets can be displayed. The rep. dral, and the window known as the Five utation of the waters of this city does not Sisters of York. On the other hand there depend upon any association with the are a few items that are curiosities of con. abbey church, though in some of our cathe struction only, as in the case of the sodrals wells are found, as in the case of St. called geometrical staircase leading to the Peter's well in the ornamented recess in library over the chapel containing the Archbishop La Zouche's chapel in York monument to Wellington in St. Paul's, Minster. There is a well, too, close to Most of the items we have mentioned, the north-east angle of the choir of Lin. however, are small matters compared with coln Cathedral; and another near Wells the majesty of the structures in which Cathedral. In Beverley Minster there is a they occur. When we have contemplated well in the interior of the fabric, as at the height and queenly grace of the Salis. York.
bury needle, or have heard the white-robed More curious than many of these curi-choir singing, like a cloud of witnesses, osities is the collection of wooden figures, on the top of the great Durham tower, or or effigies, of departed kings and queens have ascended into the golden ball on the preserved in the upper chamber of Abbot cupola of St. Paul's; or when we have Islip's chapel in Westminster Abbey. looked upon the rival east windows of These were used on the occasion of the Gloucester, Carlisle, and York; or upon respective funeral ceremonies attending the massive columns of the many mighty their interment, when these effigies, in naves with their arcades and shadowy, royal robes, represented the sovereigns mysterious-looking triforiums above them, and their queens to their sorrowing lieges. and their liglitsome clerestories above Among them are the figures of some other these again ; or upon the superb vaultings, persons of high rank. The robes of the the inviting sculptured doorways, and earliest of these figures are no longer in other component parts of these vast works existence, but, from other indications, one left us by our forefathers, they are dwarfed of them is thought likely to have repre. indeed. When we have seen the treas. sented Queen Philippa. In our own day ures in some of the libraries, also, they we have added another similar funereal may seem of slight account. Nevertheitem to the national collection, in placing less, they have an interest of their own the car, on which the Duke of Wellington that will be confessed by many miods.
From Blackwood's Magazine. We misapply a vast majority of our surgi.
cal supplies, because the most important It does not matter where it was. I do item is usually left behind at headquarters, dot want other people — that is to say, or at the seaport depot. In fact, we do those who were around us – to recognize many things that we should leave undone, Sister or myself. It is not likely that she and omit to do more which we are exwill see this — and I am not sure that she pected (officially) to do. knows my name. Of course, some one For some reason
presumably the ab may draw her attention to this paper, and sence of better men - I was sent up to she may remember that the name affixed the front before we had been three days to it is that which I signed' at the foot | at work. Our hospital by the river was of a document we made out together not full when I received orders to follow namely, a return of deaths. At the foot the Aying column with two assistants and of this paper our names stood one beneath the appliances of a field hospital. the other - stand there still, perhaps, in Out of this little nucleus spraog the some forgotten bundle of papers at the largest depot for sick and wounded that War Office.
was formed during the campaiga. We I only hope that she will not see this; were within easy reach of headquarters, for she might consider it a breach of pro- and I was fortunately allowed a free hand. fessional etiquette; and I attach great Thus our establishment in the desert grew importance to the opinion of this woman, daily more important, and finally superwhom I have only seen once in my whole seded the hospital at headquarters. life. Moreover, on that occasion she was We had a busy time, for the main colsubordinate to me more or less in the umo had now closed up with the first exposition of a servant.
peditionary force, and our troops were in Suffice it to say, therefore, that it was iouch with the enemy not forty miles away war-time, and our trade was what the com- from me. mercial papers call brisk. A war better In the course of time when the auremembered of the young than of the thorities learned to cease despising the old, because it was, comparatively speak- foe, which is a little failing in British miliing, recent. The old fellows seem to tary high places – it was deemed expedi--remember the old fights better - those ent to fortify us, and then, in addition to fights that were fought when their blood two medical assistants, I was allowed was still young and the vessels thereof three government nurses. This last piece unclogged.
of news was not hailed with so much enIt was, by the way, my first campaign, thusiasm as might have been expected. I but I was not new to the business of blood; am not in favor of bringing women anyfor I am no soldier - only a doctor. My where near the front. They are, for their only uniform — my full-parade dress - is own sakes and for the peace of minds of a red cross on the arm of an old blue serge others, much better left behind. If they jacket - said jacket being much stained are beyond a certain age they break down with certain dull patches which are better and have to be sent back at considerable not investigated.
trouble ; that is to say, an escort and an All who have taken part in war — doing ambulance cart, of which latter there are the damage or repairing it – know that never enough. If they are below the clithings are not done in quite the same way macteric-ever so litile below it - they when ball cartridge is served out instead cause mischief of another description, and of blank. The correspondents are very the wounded are neglected; for there is no fond of reporting that the behavior of the passion of the human heart so cruel and men suggested a parade, - which simile selfish as love. it is to be presumed was borne in upon “I am sorry to hear it,” I said to lighttheir fantastic brains by its utter inappli. hearted little Sammy Fitz-Warrever of the cability. The parade 'may be suggested Naval Brigade, who brought me the news. before the real work begins — when it is “Sorry to hear it? Gad! I shouldn't a question of marching away from the be. The place has got a different look landing-stage ; but after the work -- our about it when there are women - folk work — has begun, there is remarkably around. They are so jolly clever in their little resemblance to a review.
way's worth ten of your red-cross rufWe are served with many official papers fians." which we never fill in, because, on the “ That is as may be," I answered, break. spur of the moment, it is apt to suggesting open the case of whiskey which itself that men's lives are more important. Sammy had brought up on the carriage of
his machine-guo for my private consump- just before he fell asleep, Sammy returned tion.
io the question of the nurses. He was taking this machine-gun up to “ Yes,” he said, “the head saw-bones the front, and mighty proud he was of it. down there told me to tell you that he had
“A clever gun," he called it; "an al. got permission to send you three ourses. mighty clever gun."
Treat 'em kindly, Jack, for my sake. He had ridden alongside of it - sitting Bless their hearts! They mean well." on the top of his horse as sailors do Then he fell asleep, and left me thinkthrough seventy miles of desert without a ing of his words, and of the spirit which halt; watching over it and tending it as he had prompted them. might have watched and tended his mother, I knew really noihing of this man's life, or perhaps some other woman.
but he seemed sioguiarly happy, with that "Gad ! doctor," he exclaimed, kicking happiness which only comes when daily out his sturdy legs and contemplating with existence has a background to it. He some satisfaction the yellow hide top-spoke habitually of women, as if he loved boots which he had bought at the Army them ail for the sake of one ; and this not and Navy stores. I know the boots well, being precisely my own position, I was and – avoid them. Gad! doctor, you glad when he fell asleep. should see that gun on the war.path. The fort was astir next morning at four. Travels as light as a tricycle. And when | The bugler kindly blew a blast into our she begins to talk -- my stars! Click glassless window which lest do doubt click -- click — ciick. For all the world about it. like a steam-launch's engine - mowing “ That means all hands on deck, I take 'em down all the time. No work for you it,” said Sam, who was one of the few men there. It will be no use you and your capable of good humor before tiffin time. stalactites progging about with skewers By six o'clock he was ready to go. It for the buller. Look at the other side, was easy to see what sort of officer this my boy, and you'll find the beauty has just cheery sailor was by the way bis men walked through them.”
worked. “ Soda or plain ?" I asked — in paren- While they were getting the machine. thesis.
gun linbered up, Sam came back to my “Soda. I don't like the flavor of dead quarters, and took a hasty breakfast. camel. A big drink, please. I feel as if "Feel a bit down this morning," he I were lined with sandpaper.”
said, with a gay smile. “Cheap – very He slept that night in the little shanty cheap. I hope I am not going to funk it. built of mud, and roofed chiefly with old It is all very well for some of you longpalm-mats, which was gracefully called faced fellows, who don't seem to have the head surgeún's quarters. That is to much to live for, to fight for the love of say, he partook of such hospitality as I fighting. I don't want to fight any man; had to offer him.
I am too fond of 'em all for that." Sammy and I had met before he had I went out after breakfast, and I gave touched a rope or I a scalpel. We hailed him a leg up on to his very sorry horse, from the same part of the country — down which he sat like a tailor or a sailor. He Devonshire way; and to a limited extent, held the reins like tiller-lines, and indulged we knew each other's people; which little in a pleased smile at the effect of the phrase has a vast meaning in places where yellow boots. men do congregate.
“No great hand at this sort of thing," he We turned in pretty early – I on a hos. said, with a nod of farewell. “When the pital mattress, he in my bed; but Sam beast does anything out of the common, would not go to sleep. He would lie with or begins to make heavy weather of it, I his arms above his head (which is not an
am not." attitude of sleep), and talk about that ever- He ranged up alongside his beloved lasting gun.
gun, and gave the word of command with I dozed off to the murmur of his voice more dignity than he knew what to do expatiating on the extreme cunning of the with. ejector, and awoke to bear details of the All that day I was employed in arrang: rifing
ing quarters for the nurses.' To do this I We did not talk of home, as do men in was forced to turn some of our most prebooks when lying by a camp-fire. Perhaps cious stores out into the open, covering it was owing to the absence of that pictur- them with a tarpaulin, and in consequence esque adjunct to a soldier's life. We felt all the more assured that my chief talked chiefly of the clever gun; and once, was making a great mistake.
At nine o'clock in the evening they | uous. They never stopped coming; they arrived, one of the juniors having ridden never gave us a moment's rest. out in the moonlight to meet them. He At six o'clock I gave orders to awaken reported them completely exhausted; in the nurses and order them to prepare their formed me that he had recommended quarters for the reception of the wounded. them to go straight to bed ; and was alto- At half past six an Army Hospital Corps gether more enthusiastic about the matter man came to me in the ward : than I personally or officially cared to see. “Shockin' case, sir, just come in," he
He handed me a pencil note from my said. “ Officer. Gun busted, sir." chief at headquarters, explaining that he “ Take him to my quarters," I said, had not written me a despatch because he wiping my instruments on my sleeve. had nothing but a J pen, with which in a few minutes I followed, and on instrument he could not make himself entering my little room the first thing I legible. It struck me that he was suffer- saw was a pair of yellow boots. ing from a plethora of assistance, and was There was no doubt about the boots anxious to reduce his staff.
and the wbite duck trousers, and although I sent my enthusiastic assistant to the I could not see the face, I knew that this nurses' quarters with a message that they was Sammy Fitz-Warrener come back were not to report themselves to me until | again. they had had a night's rest, and turned in. A woman one of the nurses for whom
At midnight I was awakened by the he had pleaded — was bending over the orderly, and summoned to the tent of the bed with a sponge and a basin of tepid officer in command. This youth's face water. As I entered she turned upon me was considerably whiter than his linen. a pair of calmly horror-stricken eyes. He was consulting with his second-in- "Oh!" she whispered meaningly, step command, a boy of twenty-two or there. ping back to let me approach. I had no abouts.
time to notice then that she was one of A man covered with sand and blood those largely built women, with perfect was sitting in a hammock-chair, rubbing skin and fair hair, who make one think of his eyes and drinking something out of a what England must have been before tumbler.
Gallic blood got to be so widely dissemi“ News from the front?" I inquired nated in the race. without ceremony, which hindrance we “ Please pull down that mat from the had long since dispensed with.
window," I said, indicating a temporary “Yes, and bad news.”
blind which I had put up. It certainly was not pleasant hearing. She did so promptly, and returned to Some one mentioned the word disaster, the bedside, falling into position as it and we looked at each other with hard, were, awaiting my orders. anxious eyes. I thought of the women, I bent over the bed, and I must confess and almost decided to send them back that what I saw there gave me a thrill of before daylight.
horror which will come again at times so In a few moments a fresh man was long as I live. roused out of his bed, and sent full gallop I made a sign to Sister to continue her through the moonlight across the desert task of sponging away the mud, of which to headquarters, and the officer in com- one ingredient was sand. mand began to regain confidence. I think “ Both eyes,” she whispered, “are he extracted it from the despatch-bearer's destroyed." tumbler. After all, he was not responsible “ Not the top of the skull,” I said, “ you for much. He was merely a connecting must not touch that.” liok, a point of touch between two greater For we both knew that our task was men.
without hope. It was necessary to get my men to As I have said, I knew something of work at once, bui I gave particular orders Fitz-Warrener's people, and I could not to leave the nurses undisturbed. Disaster help lingering there, where I could do no at the front meant hard work at the rear. good, when I knew that I was wanted We all knew that, and endeavored to e!sewhere. make ready for a sudden rush of wounded. Suddenly his lips moved, and Sister,
The rush began before daylight. As kneeling down on the floor, bent over him. they came in we saw to them, dressing I could not hear what he said, but I their wounds and packing them as closely think she did. I saw her lips frame the as possible. But the stream was contin. whisper “ Yes” in reply, and over her