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while be is captivating us by the pris. try are tales of old! The democratic matic hues, in which he sets maoy-col- spirit of the times may, in some degree, oured life before us.
be attributed to the change. When the Bat we are not only puzzled to im- people, at their public places of resort agine who could have written these enjoyed the spectacle of rank and beauworks, but surprised at the variety of ty, fitly apparelled in visible splendours, agreeable pictures which they contain they were proof against arguments on of a class of society, whose peculiarities the natural equality of the species. The have long beeo gradually vanishing. divinity that did hedge the aristocracy We scarcely imagined that, in this de- of the higher orders, was too palpable generate age, the world of fashion had to be disputed. The eye was fed with enough of prominent characteristics left high pageantry in repayment for the to furnish one volume without carica.. taxes. Now the higher orders bave ture or scandal, Time was when it not only resigned the distinctions of had a romance of its owo; when its dress, but bave çeased to visit the scenes heights required no mean ambition to where they formerly condescended to reach them; and when its glitering receive and to communicate pleasure. honours were bright enough almost to They long ago deserted Ranelaghreward a life of assiduity and toil. they have almost cut the opera---and Theo ipfinite airs and graces were re- they have quite cut the theatre," which quisite to retain a supremacy of fashion; is the unkindest cut of all.” It was a glothen courtesy had something in it of the rious spectacle to see the boxes waviog ideal ; then airy wit and delicate raille- with feathers, and glittering with gems ; ry were native to the drawing-room as to perceive sympathy making its way to the stage ; then the art of dress was through the rich folds of the stomacher; really one of the fine arts, and excell- to see the fairest eyes suffused in tears ence in it was almost a proof of genius. “ wbich sacred pity had engendered
Then a masquerade was a temporary there ;" to feel at once all the distincrevival of the age of chivalry. What a tions of rank and all the community of magnificent scene was exhibited at eve nature, the high privileges of slation, ry ball-what rich brocades, what high which were a treasure to the imaginasparkling stomachers, what grand cir- tion, and the bigher rights of humanity, cumference of hoop, what looks of which were set mantling in the heart. young beauty, heightened by the an- Surely this was better than moving in tique ricliness of the draperies, what cold private circles without the joy of stately pyramids of head-dress, what being admired or excited—than lounggenerous restraints of curl! Then the ing at a French play, or going to sleep gracious unbendings of the lofty dowag. at a concert of Italian music! er, and the rarely bestowed smile of the In such a state of society the productoast of all the wits were they not tion of these volumes required no smail worth dressing or fighting for? The length of observation, and no low deentrance of a young lady into the world, gree of ingenuity and of skill. For was an event then which excited as though, as we have already hinged, much futter of expectation as the ap- they are not confined to that elevated pearance of a novel by the author of class of which the author is evidently a * Waverley," or a poem of Lord Byron, member, the far larger portion of them does in these literary times ;-aod de- is devoted to its splendid circles : all served it as well. Then taste was not the varieties which it presents -- its airibanished to circulating libraries ; por est vanities and minutest charms—are had elegance taken refuge in books, and seized by the author, and
pourtrayed in become a dead letter. Now, alas! the their most delicate shades. The Herheight of indifference is the freight of mit“ in the Country," indeed, catches sashion; the art of dress affords no as be ought more of sentiment than in scope for bigh fantasy; courtesy is out Loodon, and extends bis views of huof date; and the refinements of gallan- manity with his borizon. He is medi
tative on the seacost, jovial in Scotland, his boon, as a pledge of the love which and poetical in Britanny. The good he bore to his moiher" Pignora da vature of his remarks every where is as Genitor, etc.” could be seek it in a conspicuous as bis good sense; and his more eager tone than I inquired if toSketches will, we think, be almost as morrow was the day on which I was to instructive as they are amusing. We set out ?" shall give a specimen of the author's se And yet I tenderly loved my parents. rious style.
I was an only child, their prop and
slay: I could not love them more than LEAVING HOME.
they deserved. The whole village too "I had just completed my eighteenth shared my affections: I felt the relayear, when I received orders to join tive ties of humanity and good will; my regiment for the first time. The of brotherhood and connexion with ali sash and gorget, the maiden sword, my neighbours,-- domestics and all. I scarlet cloth and gold lace, bad all their bad even a tenderish feeling for the weight and attractions for me. Iconfire-side animals of the paternal roof, templated the empire which I should the poor old pointer, the dowager have over hearts, and the preference spaniel, Duchess, the invalid cat, and which I had so often felt mortified at
my mother's pet-bullfinch. wanting,at a ball, or in a country circle; I had rather not had to feel the I expected to live with the best fellows “good bye to ye.”
The shooting in the world, to see a great variety of poney, I recommended to Robert's scenes, to be ever amused, ever chang- care ; and my setter,--poor Trusty ! ing quarters,—10 dance as it were accompanied me through many a sathrough life, to the tune of the merry
ried and uneven path. Night came, fife and drum, and to leave care and and her mantle sat uneasily on me. I gloomy reflection always a day's march felt almost a woman's weakness as I bebind me ; but above all
, I longed to suok upon that mother's breast, whiere see the world, to be free, to be an un. I drew my first love, mingled with controlled agent,-in a word, to be my the stream of life ; but I tried to be own master.
the soldier; and, after one dewy kiss, I had gone through the classics with I resolved not to see her in the moresome degree of atiention, was a pret- ing. My father was to accompany me ty good dancer, could play a little on
a part of the road ; and the thought of the flute, rode boldly, had read history, this was a relief to me. was a good shot,and considered myself,
As I drew on my regimental boots, upon the whole, a decent sort of fellow, the only article of military uniform particularly as the maid servants called wbich I wore on my journey, I felt an me handsome, and the village surgeon's elevation of miod, and seemed as if I daughter had eyed me with some de. were already fit to command a comgree of interest.
pany. But my satisfaction was not I had now been looking for myself without alloy : I had the Dulce Doin the gazette for six weeks; and not mum to quit; I had the village to a little proud was I to see myself in look on, perhaps for the last time ; I print, for the first time. My next im- bad to shake bands with the poor serpatience was to be ordered to head- vants, some of whom had borne my quarters; and, when the order came, I helpless infant forin in their arms was in the bighest possible spirits. This was trying. I whistled a marcha ; The night before I set out on my
but it was more like a dirge; I tried journey, I scarcely slept a wiok. Young a country dance : it was out of tune. Pbaeton, when importuning his father
I sent the cook to knock at my for the reins of that charioi which was father's door, an hour earlier than fatal.to his existence, was not more agreed on ; for time now seemed loadanxious than I was, on this occasion ;
ed with a weight of care ; and I nor, when he asked that sire to grant resolved, albeit I was proud of my
appearance, not to be seen by my fore us ; and I can return in the cool of kind neighbours. I therefore gave the evening. I should like to have as keepsakes to all the servants, and wrote much of your company as I can ; and a letter for the surgeon's daughter. you will not always have your old
My dear father appeared : it was a father for your companion.” We alightgreat ease to my state of miod. I ed accordingly, and gave our horses to shook him heartily by the hand, tried the servant who had charge of my lugto look gay, and brushed over the gage. I was to proceed in the mail threshold of the door. The old ourse from the first stage. insisted upon kissing me:
We now turned off the high road, aged and ugly, but a good woman, and and skirted a beautiful wood, crossed somehow she had a right to this em- some adjacent fields, and pursued the brace. gave it her heartily, look- course of the river, by the foot-path ing, however, jealously around : nobo- for some miles.--My father folded his dy saw me but the family, else should arm in mine with a peculiar degree of I have blushed. “ The Captain to kiss friendship, familiarity, and tenderness ; ap vgly old woman ! fie for shame." and I never hung on the discourse of
We were now at the end of the any one with so much attention, either village. I dreaded the sight of my before or since. He evidently tried to mother at the window ; so I never amuse my mind, and to cheat the way looked back until out of sight of the and beguile the time by his conversahouse. I was now to take a last tion; and he succeeded to a charm. look at this rustic assemblage of houses. We saw the vertical sun ere we thought They danced tremulously in a tear, in morning midway gone ; and his declinmy eye ; but I cleared up with such a ing ray surprized us ere we thought it hoarse and monstrous hem that the two hours after. echo of the church-yard, which return “Let us dine together, my dear boy," ed it to me, terrified me with the sound. said he, with so much of the good -All this time my father and I bad fellow in his air and accent, that I renot exchanged a word ; he looked gretted that he was not more my own thoughtful, and as if he had had a sleep- age, and going to join the army with less night..
I assented with delight. “There The morning was beautiful, and I is scarcely any night,” said he, “now; never saw my native scene in such glow- and I must ride home the harder ing colours before. There seemed to for it," be a peculiar grace in the antique bel Thrice bad he essayed to part with fry of the church ; and the stiff se- me, before this proposal : I saw the pulchral yews were gilded with the motion pass in his mind ; but bis leart sun-beam. Obituary sculpture might failed bim ; his steps hung on mine, have caused me some serious reflection. and his affections lingered with me, But my mind dwelt not on the past; and were loth to part. He looked at nor were any doubts and fears as to his watch on alighting from his pony, the future, unfolded to my view.- as much as to say, “ a short walk, and How many a departed bliss now leaves then." Next, when fatigued, he sat but its monumental memento in my down on a bank, and seemed deterheart! how many prospects have van- mined to shake hands, and to bid ished like the days of my ancestors ! adieu ; --but he could not. He then how many a brave comrade in arms remounted, and proposed riding on to now lies in his narrow bed, and upon dioner, in the cool of the evening. his earthy pillow !--but let us return to My heart placed all these debts of gramy father.
titude to his account. “ We bad better dismount and walk He had another object, however, in a little,” said he to me, in a kind affec- this confidential walk; in this protionate tone. “ The weather is beau- tracted journey together. He wished tifully fine; we bave a long day be- to give me a great deal of good advice.
and that advice was offered and de- brotherly father to hang upon my arm, livered to me more like a brother and to pledge me in the convivial cap, to a comrade, a companion and a friend, interest himself in every circumstance than a parent, or one set in authority concerning my welfare in this chequerover me, -more like the man prone to ed scene of life, nor to recur to, for error and failing like myself, than one advice, in difficulty or distress. to whom age and experieoce bad giv Often have I, in different climates en so decided a superiority.
and novel scenes, in distant and in Oo how many useful subjects did doubtful circumstance, pondered upon he give me his cool and unpresuming this opening scene of life, with a mecounsel! How fraught with tonour, lancholy sensibility, which has mingsentiment, and delicacy were bis pa- led sweets and bitterness so intimately ternal admonitions ! lo how many together, that not to have been sad, in tances of lite have his precepts and would be double wretchedness, since warnings, upheld and prevented me sadly sweet was the very essence from evil! How often bas a retrospect of reflection. of that happy hour been a benefit to Even at the moment that I am writme in my passage through life! ing these lines, it seems as if my fath
We parted, precipitately a: last ; er's shade hovered near me--as if I for the mail-coach-horn relieved us were wrapt and covered all over in from those achings of the bosom which affection's mantle. Farewell, dear a first separation from those who are scenes ! I shall never be bold ye more ! dear to us naturally produces.
yet must memory itself perish, ere ye That parent, alas! is now no more! fade from the heart of I have been the support of his sad The HERMIT IN THE COUNTRY. relict; but I have no longer that
From the London Time's Telescope.
NATURAL HISTORY OF INSECTS.
inhabit the bodies of other animals,
All those systems are defective, in basWe wonder at a thousand insect forms, These hatched, and those resuscitated worms,
ing too few divisions of a class of aniNew life ordained, and brighter scenes to share, mals so extremely numerous ; the last, Once prone on earth, now buoyant upon air. however, is liable to an imperfection
of another kind, because many insects V ARIOUS arrangements of insects change their habitation at the moment
have been made by naturalists, of their metamorphosis. Some are at the principal of which we shall just first aquatic, but, after their transformglance at before we proceed to explain ation, are seen inbabitiog the trees and the Linnean systein.
Swammerdam plants; many of the subterraneous inand Ray founded their arrangements sects in like manner rise into the air as on the different changes which josects soon as they arrive at their winged state. undergo, and distribute them into four The system of Fabricius is built upon great divisions, agreeably to the differ- the extraordinary variety which exists ent forms under which they appear; in the structure of the mouth in differValisieri has also distributed them in- ent tribes of insects, But the distincto four orders, but according to their tion is not sufficiently obvious for a habitation ; arranging together in one general classification, Other naturalgroup such as inhabit plants ; placing ists have thrown out from the proin another, those that live in the water; vince of insects many of those introand in a third, such as conceal them: duced into the apterous order of Linselves under the earth or sand ; re næus. This has been especially done serving for his last division, those that by Cuvier and Latreille, who have
formed a new and an eighth order of of plants. Those of others feed upon the cancer, monoculus, and oniscus putrid carcases, every kind of flesh, tribes, under the name of CRUSTACEA ; dried skins, rotten wood, dung, and while Lamarck is dissatisfied that the the small insects called pucerons, or spider should be regarded as an insect, vine-fretters. But after their transforand continued in the class. mation into flies, many of the same The Lionæan arrangement is imper- animals, which formerly fed upon dung fect, but where shall we stop if we and putrid carcases, are nourished by change it?
the purest nectareous juices extracted from fruits and flowers. The crea
tures themselves, with regard to what ORDER 1.-COLEOPTERA. may be termed individual animation,
have suffered no alteration. But the Some a twofold apparatus share, Natives of earth, and habitants of air ;
fabric of their hodies, their instruments Like warriors stride,oppressed with shining mail; of motion, and the organs by wbich they But furled, beneath, their silken pennons veil : take their food, are materially changed. Deceived, our fellow reptile we admire,
This change of structure, tho' the aniHis bright endorsement, and compact attire, When lo! the latent springs of motion play,
mals retain their identity, produces the And rising lids disclose the rich inlay;
greatest diversity in their manners, their The tissued wing its folded membrane frees,
economy,and the powers of their bodies. And with blithe quavers fans the gath'ring breeze ; The scarabeus melolonthu, or comElate tow'rds Heav'n the beaut'ous wonder tlies, And leaves the mortal wiapped in deep surprise.
mon chaffer, well known in this and other countries, flies at dusk with a
rash and noisome impulse ; lives upon The Coleoptera have a hollow hor
the first budding leaves of the elm tree, ny case, under which the wings are folded when not in use.
and, when caught, is often tormented pal genera are :- 1. Scurabæus, beet- with a pin at one of their legs, enjoy
by children, who, placing a paper fixed les.-2. Lucanus, stag-beetle.-.-3. Der the cruel pleasure to see them turn mestes.-4. Coccinella, lady-bird.-5. Curculio, weevil.-6. Lampyris, glow- piry, that in our earliest days we are
round a piece of wood ! It is a great worm.—7. Meloe, Spanish fly.--8. Staphylinus.--9. Forficula, ear-wig.
not properly taught, that pleasure to
one of the creation should never be Like other winged insects, all the beetles live for some time in the form sought out of the pain felt by another.
There is a sort of barbarity in tormentof caterpillars, or grubs :
ing animals, which is too often indulSee the proud giant of the beetle race ;
ged in infants, and is generally the What shining arms his polished limbs enchase !
sad prognostic of a tyrannical dispoLike some stern warrior formidably bright His steely sides reflect a gleaming light:
sition, wbich grows and increases by On his large forehead spreading horns he wears, degrees. Who ever thought that the And high in air the branching antlers bears : boy, who, in the palace of the Cæsars, O’er many an inch extends his wide domain,
amused himself with the innocent pasAnd his rich treasury swells with hoarded grain.
time of torturing common lies with a
pin, would, when a man, order bis It is here worthy of remark, that mother to death, and set fire to the imthe same animals, when in the state of perial town of Rome? In these puecaterpillars, live in a different manner, rile trifles were concealed the dreadful and feed on substances of a very dif- stamina of the most execrable and most fereut kind from those they consumo wanton cruelty. after their transformation into Aies.
Many caterpillars, previous to their The caterpillars of the garden-beetle, transformation, live even in a different cockchafer, &c. lead a solitary life, element. The ephemeron fly, when in under ground, and consume the roots the caterpillar stale, lives no less than 3N
ATHENEUM VOL. 7.