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delft teapot, orgamented with paintings • The parties broke up without noise of fat little Dutch shepherds and shep- and without confusion. They were herdesses, tending pigs--witb "boats carried home by their own carriages, sailing in the air, and houses built in that is to say, by the rebicles nature the clouds, and sundry other ingenious had provided them, excepting such of Dutch fantasies. The beaux distin- the wealthy, as could afford to keep a guished themselves by their adroitness waggon. The gentlemen gallaotly atin replenishing this pot, from a hugo tended their faic ones to their respective copper tea kettle, which would have abodes, and took leave of them with a mide the pigmy macaronies of these hearty smack at the door: which as it degenerate days sweat merely to look was an established piece of etiquette,
To sweeten the beverage, a lump done in perfect simplicity and honesty of sugar was laid beside each cup-and of heart, occasioned no scandal at that the company alternately nibbled and time, nor should it at the present-if sipped with great decorum, until an our great grandfathers approved of the improvement was introduced by a custom, it would argue a great want of sbrewd and economic old lady, which reverence in their descendants to say was to suspend a large lump directly a word against it.' over the tea table, by a string from the ceiling, so that it could be swung from The dress of these primitive worinouth to mouth-an ingenious expedi- thies next engages the attention of the ent, which is still kept up by some fam. historian. ilies in Albany ; but which prevails • Their hair untortured by the abomi. without exception in Communipaw, nations of art, was scrupulously pomaBergen, Flat-Bush, and all our uncon: tomed back from their foreheads with a laminated Dutch villages.
candle, and covered with a little cap of “At these primitive tea-parties the ut- quilted calico, which fitted exactly to inost propriety and dignity of deport- their heads. Their petticoats of linsey iment prevailed. No flirting nor co- woolsey were striped with a variety of quetting-Do gambling of old ladies gorgeous dyes, rivalling the many colnor hoyden chattering and romping of oured robes of Iris—though I must conyoung ones—no self satisfied struttings fess these gallant garments were rather of wealthy gentlemen, with their brains short, scarce reaching below the knee; in their pockets-nor amusing conceits, but then they made up in the number, and monkey divertisements of smart which generally equalled that of the young gentlemen, with no brains at all. gentlemen's small clothes ; and what is On the contrary, the young ladies seat- still more praise-worthy, they were all od themselves demurely in their rush- of their own manufacture-of which bottomed chairs, and knit their own circumstance, as may well be supposed, woollen stockings; nor ever opened they were not a little vaio. their lips, excepting to say yah Mynher, • These were the honest days in which or yah ya Vrouw, to any question that every woman staid at home, read the was asked them; behaving in all things, Bible, and wore pockets—aye and that like decent, well educated damsels. too of a goodly' size, fashioned with As to the gentlemen, each of them patch work into many curious devices, tranquilly smoked his pipe, and seem- and ostentatiously worn on the outside. ed lost in contemplation of the blue These, in fact, were convenient receptaand white tiles, with which the fire pla- cles, where all good house-wives careces were decorated; wherein suodry fully stored away such things as they passages of scripture were piously pour wished to have at hand; by which trayed ---Tobit and his dog figured to great advantage; Hainan swung con- crammed_and I remember there was a
means they often came to be incredibly spicuously on his gibbet
, and "Jonah story current when I was a boy, that the appeared most manfully bouncing out lady of Wouter Van Twiller once had of the whale, like Harlequin through a occasion to empty her right pocket in
search of a wooden ladle, and the uten
barrel of fire.
sil was discovered lying among some larger, or the persons of the ladies rubbisb in one corner—but we must smaller this, however, is a question not give too much faith to all these sto- for physiologists to determine. ries; the anecdotes of these remote * But there was a secret charm in periods being very subject to exaggera- these petticoats, which no doubt entered tion.
into the consideration of the prudent • Besides these notable pockets, they gallants. The wardrobe of a lady was likewise wore scissars and pincushions in those days her only fortune; and she suspended from their girdles by red who had a good stock of petticoats and ribbands, or, among the more opulent stockings, was as absolutely an heiress and showy classes, by brass, and even as is a Kaintschatka damsel with a store silver chains-indubitable tokens of of bear skins, or a Lapland belle with a thrifty housewives and industrious spiu- plenty of rein deer. The ladies, theresters. I canoot say much in vindication fore, were very anxious to display these of the shortness of the petticoats ; it powerful attractions to the greatest addoubtless was introduced for the pure vantage; and the best rooms in the pose of giving the stockings a chance to house instead of being adoroed with be seen, which were generally of blue caricatures of dame nature,in water colworsted with magnificent red clocks- ours and needle work, were always or perhaps to display a well turned an. hang round with abundance of homekle, and a neat, though serviceable foot; spun garments ; the manufacture and set off by a high-heeled leathern shoe, the property of the females—a piece of with a large and splendid silver buckle. laudable ostentation that still prevails Thus we find, that the gentle sex in all among the heiresses of our Dutch villaâges, have shown the same disposition ges. Such were the beauteous belles to infringe a little upon the laws of de- of the ancient city of New Amsterdam, corum, in order to betray a lurking rivalling in primeval simplicity of manbeauty, or gratify an innocent love of fi ders, the renowed and courtly dames, nery.
so loftily sung by Dao Homer—who From the sketch here given, it will tells us that the princess Nausica washbe seen, that our good grandmothers ed the fainily linen, and the fair Peneldiffered considerably in their ideas of a ope wove her own petticoats. fine figure, from their scantily dressed • The gentlemen, in fact, who figured descendants of the present day. A fine in the circles of the gay world in these lady in those times, waddled under ancient times, corresponded, in most more clothes even on a fair summer's particulars, with the beauteous damsels day than would have clad the whole whose smiles they were ambitious to debevy of a modern ball room.
True it is, their merits would were they the less admired by the gen- make but a very inconsiderable imprestlemen in consequence thereof. On sion, upon the heart of a modern fair ; the contrary, the greatness of a lover's they neither drove their curricles nor passion seemed to increase in proportion sported their tandems, for as yet those to the magnitude of its object-and a gaudy vehicles were not even dreamt of voluminous damsel, arrayed in a dozen neither did they distinguish themof petticoats, was declared by a low. selves by their brilliancy at the table, dutch sonnetteer of the province, to be and their consequent rencontres with radiant as a sunflower, and luxuriant as · watchmen, for our forefathers were of a full blown cabbage. Certain it is, too pacific a disposition to need those that in those days, the heart of a lover guardians of the night, every soul could not contain more than one lady at throughout the town being in full snore a time : whereas the heart of a modern before.nine o'clock. Neither did they gallant has often room enough to ac- establish their claims to gentility at the commodate half a dozen-The reason expense of their taylors-for as yet of which I conclude to be, that either those offenders against the pockets of the hearts of the gentlemen have grown society, and the tranquillity of all aspir3M
ATHENEUM YOL. 7.
ing young gentlemen, were unknown in lightful period, a sweet and holy calm New-Amsterdam; every good house- reigned over the whole province. The wife made the clothes of her husband burgomaster smoked his pipe in peace and family, and even the goede vrouw -the substantial solace of his domestic of Van Twiller himself, thought it no cares, after her daily toils were done, sat disparagement to cut out her husband's soberly at the door, with ber arms croslinsey woolsey galligaskins.
sed over her apron of snowy white, . . Not but what there were some two without being insulted by ribald street or three youngsters who manifested the walkers or vagabond boys—those ubfirst dawnings of what was called fire lucky urchins, who do so infest our and spirit. Who beld all labour in con- streets, displaying under the roses of tempt'; skulked about docks and market youth, the thorns and briars of iniquity. places; loitered in the sunshine ; Then it was that the lover with ten squandered what little money they could breeches, and the damsel with petticoats procure at hustle cap and chuck tarthing, of half a score indulged in all the jonoswore, boxed, sought cocks, and raced cent endearments of virtuous love, with their neighbours' horses-in short, wbo out reproach--for what had that virtue promised to be the wonder, the talk and to fear, which was defended by a shield abomination of the town, had not their of good linsey woolseys, equal at least stylish career been unfortunately cut to the sevey bull hides of the iovincible short, by an affair of honour with a Ajax. whipping post.
* Ab blissful, and never to be forgotten • Far other, however, was the truly age! when every thing was better than fashionable gentleman of tbose days it has ever been since, or ever will be his dress, which served for both morn- again--when Buttermilk changel was ing and evening, street and drawing quite dry at low water-wben the shad room, was a linsey woolsey coat, made, in the Hudson, were all salmon, and perhaps, by the fair hands of the mis- when the moon shone with a pure and iress of his affections, and gallantly be. resplendent whiteness, instead of that decked with abundance of large brass melancholy yellow light which is the buttons.-- Half a score of breeches heigh- consequence of her sickening at the tened the proportions of his figure-his abominations she every night witnesses shoes were decorated by enormous cop- in this degenerate city! per buckles—a low crowned broad brimmed hat overshadowed his burley Behold the form of one of the primvisage, and his bair dangled down his itive rulers of this primitive race - the back in a prodigious queue of eel skin. great Willhelmus Kiest, commonly
• Thus equipped, he would manfully called William the Testy, who ascend sally forth with pipe in mouth to besiege ed the Gubernatorial chair of New some fair damsel's obdurate heart--not Amsterdam anno domioi 1638. such a pipe, good reader, as that which • He was a brisk, waspish, little old Acis did sweetly tune in praise of his gentleman, who had dried and witherGalatea, but one of true delft manufac- ed away, partly through the natural proture, and furnished with a charge of cess of years, and partly from being fragrant Cow-pen tobacco. With this parched and burnt up by his fiery soul; would he resolutely set himself down which blazed like a vehement rush light before the fortress, and rarely failed, in in his bosoni, constantly inciting him the process of time, to smoke the fair to most valorous broils, altercations enemy into a surreader, upon honoura- and misadventures. I have heard it ble terms.
observed by a profound and philosoph*Such was the happy reiga of Wou- ical judge of human nature, that if a ter Van Twiller, celebrated in many a woinan waxes fat as she grows old, the long forgotten song as the real golden tenure of her life is very precarious, but age, the rest being nothing but countere if haply she withers, she lives for everfeit copper-washed coin. In that de. such likewise was the case with Wil
liam the 'Testy, who grew tougher in consider them as in regard to almost all proportion as be dried. He was some that read this Magazine, as good as such a little Dutchman as we may now manuscript.” Enough, however, has and then see, stumping briskly about been quoted to shew of what sort of the streets of our city, in a broad skirted stuff Mr. Irving's comic pencil is comcoat, with bottons nearly as large as the posed—and enough to make all our shield of Ajax, an old fashioned cocked readers go along with a request which hat stuck on the back of his head, and we have long meditated, viz. that this a cape as bigh as his chin. His visage author would favour us with a series of was broad, but his features sharp, his novels, on the plan of those of Miss nose turned up with a most petulant Edgeworth, or, if he likes that better, curt ; his cheeks, like the regions of of the author of Waverley, illustrative Terra del Feugo, were scorched into a of the present state of Manners in the dusky red-doubtless in consequence United States of America. of the neighbourhood of two fierce lit When we think, for a moment, on tle grey eyes, through which his torrid the variety of elements whereof that soul beamed as fervently, as a tropical society is everywhere composed suo blazing through a pair of burning the picturesque mixtures of manners glasses. The corners of his mouth derived from German, Dutch, English, were curiously modelled into a kind of Scottish, Swedish, Gothic, and Celtic fret work, not a little resembling the settlers, which must be observable in alwrinkled proboscis of an irritable pugmost every town in the republican dog-io a word he was one of the most territories—the immense interfusion of positive, restless, ogly, little men, that different ranks of society from all these ever put himself in a passion about quarters, and their endless varieties of nothing.
action upon each other—the fermentaSuch were the personal endowments tion that must every where prevail of William the Testy, but it was the among these yet unsettled and unarran. sterling riches of his mind that raised ged atoms-above all, on the singulari. him to dignity and power. In his ties inseparable from the condition of youth he had passed witb great credit the only half-young, half-old people in through a celebrated academy at the the world—simply as such—we cannot Hague, noted for producing finished doubt that could a Sinollet, a Fielding, scholars with a dispatch unequalled, or a Le Sage have seen America as she except by certain of our Americao col- is, he would at once bave abandoned leges, which seem to manufacture bach- every other field, and blessed himself on elors of arıs, by some patent machine. having obtained access to the true terra Here he skirmished very smartly on the fortunata of the novelist. Happily frontiers of several of the sciences, and for Mr. Irving that terra fortunata iş made so gallant an inroad in the dead also to this hour a terra incognita; languages, as to bring off captive a host for in spite of the shoals of bad books of Greek nouns and Latin verbs, togeth- of travels that have inundated us from er with divers pithy saws and apoth- time to time, no European reader has egms, all which he constantly paraded ever had the smallest opportunity of in conversation and writing, with as being introduced to any thing like one much vain glory as would a triumph- vivid portraiture of American life. aot general of yore display the spoils of Mr. Irving has, as every good man the countries he had ravaged.'
must have, a strong affection for his
country; and he is, therefore, fitted to We cannot, at present, venture upon draw her character con amore'as null as any more extracts--and yet we have con gentilezza. The largeness of his done nothing to give our readers a views, in regard to politics, will secure due notion of what Knickerbocker's bim from staining his pages with inery book contains. We shall return to the repulsive air of bigotry--and the huvoluines again, for we suppose we may manę and liberal nature of his opin
ions in regard to subjects of a still high- the muses love," says the autbor of er order, will equally secure bin from Ruth and Michael
, and the Brothers ; still more offensive errors.
and in the teeth of all asseverations to To frame the plots of twenty novels the contrary, we take leave to believe can be no very beavy task to the person that my Lord Byron was never id higher who wrote the passages we bave quoted glee iban when composing the darkest above and to fill them up with char- soliloquies of his Childe Harold. The acteristic details of incidents and mas- capacity of achieving immortality, when ners, would be nothing but an amuse. called into vivid coosciousness by the ment to him. He has sufficiently tried very act of composition and passion of and shewn his strength in sketchesmit inspiration, must be enough, we should is time that we should look for full and think, to make any man happy. Uoglowing pictures at his hands. Let bim der such influences be may, for a time, not be discouraged by the common. we doubt not, be deaf even to the voice place cant about the impossibility of of self-reproach, and hardened against good novels being written by young men, the memory of guilt. The amiable and Smollet wrote Roderick Random before accomplished Mr. Irving has no evil he was five and ewenty, and assuredly thoughts or stinging recollections to dy he bad not seen half so much of the from--but it is very possible that be world as Mr. Irving has done. We may have been indulging in a cast of hope that we are mistaken in this point melancholy, capable of damping the --but it strikes us that be writes of late, wing even of his genius. That, like erin a less merry mood than in the days ery ober demon, must be wrestled with, of Knickerbocker and the Salmagundi. in order to its being overcome. And If the possession of intellectual power if he will set boldly about An Ameriand resources ought to make any man can Tale, in three volumes, duodecimo, happy, that man is Washington Irving; we tbiok there is no rashness in promisand people may talk as they please ing him an easy, a speedy, and a gloriabout the inspiration of melancholy,” ous victory.
ous victory. Perhaps all this may look but it is our firm belief that no man ever very like impertinence, but Mr. Irving wrote any thing greatly worth the wri- will excuse us, for it is, at least, well ting unless under the influence of buoy- meant, ant spirits. “A cheerful mind is what
THE HERMIT'S SKETCHES.
From the New Monthly Magazine. THESE delightful sketches of Enga an accomplished dowager. No one
lish maoners have a mystery about can doubt for a moment that he has them wbich we cannot penetrare even long been familiar with the highest and by guesses. The most cursory reader most glittering circles, which he de. will enquire with eager curiosity by scribes with an ease so graceful, and whom they are written. He must have satirizes with a humour so genial and been a votary at once of gaiely and of free from gall. Yet it is equally eviletters—conversant with all the varieties dent that bis study of the gayest ranks of society, from its lowest to the most has not injured his sympathies for those exalted ranks—a trifler and a philoso- sorrows which are the common lot of pher—a man of fashion, and a lover of bis species, or for those errors which the romantic, He is at home alike in destroy the bappiness which pature oftown and in country-at Edinburgh fers. Light and airy, as most of his and at London—and hits off with equal delineations are, there is more of real felicity the enticements of a hackney heart in them than in many works procoachman essaying to procure passen- fessedly sentimental: and he often gers, and the matrimonial schemes of makes us feel seriously and intensely,