scenes. Its very awful passions and ers are invested. With all its intensicrimes are tinctured with the intensity ty, there is more air of the highest staof the female character ; its hate is tion in this novel, more ease in its dedeep-rooted in old love ; its deadliest lineations of the most brilliant manners vemon is distilled from perverted yet and the gayest circles, than in any other deep affections. Its chief merit perhaps work of modern times. The author consists in its profound developement has evidently not only witnessed the eleof the passion of love, onballowed and vated society which she truly yet carebanesul iodeed, yet most fervid, engross- lessly describes, but moved in the very ing, and changeless. The passion of thickest of its radiance. Her discovery, , which Calantha is the victim, is not, in- in such a' sphere, of affections so overdeed, that fresh and joyous emotion flowing, and of wretchedness so fearful, which associates itself with all the pu- is far more surprising than the detection, rities of the universe, and “ hath in by others, of lofty thought and high heaven its perfect rest.” Yet hath it a emprise in cottages and in hovels. Caspell of resistless potency, which fasci- lantba—the fascinated and spell-stricknates while it withers. It occupies the en Calantha--is doubtless the most prowhole being, to the exclusion of all else, found of the author's creations.

Next creeps into the current of the blood, and to her is Lady Margaret Buchanan, the bids it pause or mantle. It bas a kind majestic murderess, shining beroically of natural witchery which annihilates in the world of fashion, with a heart all moral feeling, and not only makes torn by unutterable agonies, who, to every hope and fear revolve round one our imaginations, seems not without centre, but imparts to it one fearful some distant kindred 10 Lady Macbeth colouring. In the state of miod which in awful grandeur. Lord Glenarvon it induces, horrors do not appal, injuries bimself is an almost inexplicable person do not provoke, scorn does not irritate ; -admirably drawn in particular scenes disclosures of villainy do but increase but without, we think, much consiste the charm ; and every new atrocity is a ency as a whole. While we regard the link in the chain which binds the mis- author of this work as of most high and tress closer to the god of her idolatry. original genius, and think that, even in The effect of this is painful, like a this wild production, there are traces of weight on the spirit. Yet is there a moral dignity of thought, we cannot " some soul of goodness” in the delin- refrain from expressing a hope that her eation ; for it makes us feel most in- powers will be exerted hereafter on putensely how profound the human affec- rer and gentler themes—that she will tions are, how awful a thing is the na- make us feel that there is more depth in ture of which we are partakers, and holy love than in the most stormy and how, when we look into ourselves, we perturbed passion--and that imagought to revere and tremble. From all ination finds its fittest range among the these terrific pictures of deep yet erring eternal sanctities of our nature. humanity, we learo how aoxiously we ought to guard a heart out of which are

MISS PORTER. such issues of life and death; how ten The genius of Miss Porter is nearly derly we should watch over passions as opposite as possible to that which and powers capable of weal or woe be- Glenarvon exbibits. Her predominant yond the accidents of the mortal frame, feeling is not of passion but of beauty and with what deep-thoughted pity we ---her pictures are of forms rather than should regard those very aberrations of souls-her imagination does not cast which we fear. The high and tragical its beams on the lone recesses of the emotions which struggle within the bo- profoundest natures, but sheds a sweet soms of the chief persons are rendered and golden light on the loveliest scenes even more terrific by the contrast which and the gentlest characters. She introthey present to the glittering costume of duces us to a goodly world of romance fasbion and rank with which the suffer- --where bright ladies keep their state,

and heroes most brave, most self-deny- en us such rich asssociations—we bad ing, most radiant in virtue and in aspect, almost said recollections—as these ? dare all things and hope all things for their sake-which is overspread by a

MISS ANNA MARIA PORTER. sky chequered only by the fleeciest Anna Maria Porter shares, in a conclouds and which is resonant with the siderable degree, the exquisite faculties dividest harmonies. She makes life of her sister. Her pictures are ever seem a fairy tale, by her delightful ma-. more glittering ; but they are less true, gic. Yet she deals not in the supernat- less barmonious, less in unison with or ural, nor ever presents us with the cold dinary sympathies. Her Don Sebastian abstractions of fancy, or the splendid abounds in highly wrought scenes and shadows of a dream. Her persons are gorgeous descriptions, but the general as real as they are lovely. She produces effect is, partly from the number of the delightful effect on our minds, by years through which the story is prothe exquisite taste with wbich she selects tracted, rather cheerless. The portrait the choicest specimens of humanity, by of Sebastian himself is one of the most the skill with which she groups them, spirited ever drawn. Nothing can be and the adaptation of the figures to the

more beautiful in their kind, than the soft landscape which stretches around stolen interviews of the King with them. She sets all the wonders and Gonsalva ; but the charm is too rudely glories of chivalry in a new light, soften- broken by her heartless and disgusting ing down some of their sterner qualities, perfidy. The romance of the Hoogaand giving a certain delicacy of hue to rian Brothers bas more of harmony; their minutest graces. Her“ Scottish

but the virtue which it exbibits is alChiefs” is full of interest and of beauty; most of too glossy a texture for the soul butThaddeus of Warsaw is on the whole, heartily to grasp it. The Recluse of her sweetest work, and a sweeter work Norway approaches more nearly in of the kind has never been written ! Jts equable interest, and tender beauty, to singular charm consists in the romantic the works of Miss Jane Porter, ihan tenor of the whole, and yet in its pecu- any other of its author's romances. liar nearness to us. The first volume, which represents the last struggles of an

MRS. INCHBALD. ancient kingdom for independence, Mrs. Inchbald's tales—the Simple forms a grand back ground for the pic- Story, and Nature and Art-do not, ture, and gives to the whole a poetical like the novels of Miss Porter and her and heroic air. When the hero min- sister, exhibit to us the bright and goodgles in English society, and we become ly in human nature, but the extremes familiar with him, he loses not the ro- of injury and of suffering. Sbe is the mantic charm which encircled him in most heart-rending of living povelists. distant fields, and amidst strange dar- But though her pathos sometimes beings and sufferings. It is easy to pre- comes oppressive beyond endurance, it serve an ideal elevation amidst ideal is not, like that of Mrs. Opie, merely scenes or remote times; but to bring painful. The narratives with whick romance home to us uninjured, to shed she awakens our tears consist not of its long live of lustre, not only on far gratuitous or fantastical sorrows; they valleys, but through the streets of Lon- relate not to children turniag housedon, was reserved for Miss Porter. We breakers, and murdering their pareats cannot help fancying that we remember by mistake ; nor to ruffian boys, por having caught a glimpse of the noble to mad fathers pursuing their daughters Polander in the pawn-broker's shop as over heaths at midnight-but tell of we passed by, and go to look at No. 5, sadnesses real as they are touching. She St. Martin's lane, where he lodged, as strips bumanity of all its immunities at the residence of some old and loved and joys, but she leaves it humanity and venerated friend. What adequate still. She makes us “ wiser" as well as :hanks can we reoder her who has give "sadder.” While she barrows up the

soul, she renders it gentler and more in our imaginations, below the culprit fruitful. She possesses her reader with whom he condemns. She tears all disthe most burning sense of all injustice, guises from villainy and from anguish. and makes the heart glow and the blood There is little to console us for the extingle to do right to the oppressed, and hibition, but its truth, and its beneficial assert the deepest and the eldest laws of tendencies. Her works rend asunder a nature, which the luxuries of civiliza- thousand folds of selfishness, tesch man tion conceal. Man, in otber authors, bis kindred with man, and enforce the is “ sophisticated ;” in her's “ he is the awful lesson of Lear: thing itself.” T'he “ robed man of

* Take physic, pomp, justice” who bath“ withio bim undi “ Expose thyself to feel, what wretches feel, vulged crimes," is stripped to his poor,

* So shalt thou shake the superflus to them,

" And shew the heavens more just." trembling, contracted spirit, and stands,

From the New Monthly Magazine.


SOME well-meaning persons will ar- members of society, we must be alarm

gue that a return to those frugal ed for the condition of the multitude, habits which formed the wealth of oth- whose hopes would in a moment be er times, would produce incalculable blasted, whose prospects would be distress. The ministers of luxury must wholly closed by a change so unexpecbe thrown out of employ,—those bran- ted. We might even go further and ebes of our commerce which are con- shew the ruin which must fall on many nected with their labours must suffer, meritorious makers and powderers of and the public revenue would in conse. wigs, dealers in gowns, and letters of quence decline. These are certainly lodgings in all the assize towns, as serious considerations; but we think it well as in London, wbile the diminwould be no difficult task to prove be- ished consumption of parchment, as it yond all doubt, that the evil apprehend- must make sheepskin a drug in the ed would be greatly compensated by market would undoubtedly fill ihe landthe good produced. It is well remark- ed interest with dismay. And so if ed by Hume, that “there is no abuse Providence should be pleased to relieve so great in civil society as not to be at all the human race from bodily infirmteoded with a variety of beneficial ity, it requires no great stretch of consequences." He supports this asser- mind to perceive bow severely this mer. tion by shewing that even the suppres- ciful dispensation would press on sevsion of the monasteries in the time of eral numerous and industrious classes; the eighth Henry, was a subject of seri- -how fatally it would oppose the proous complaint, though that the measure gress of certain vehicles before mentionwas most desirable, will not now be de- ed in this article, and consequently bow nied. So in the present day, if men vast a sum of misery would arise from were suddenly to become wise and hon- the total absence of affliction. But beest, what extensive calamity would cause such consequences must flow be the consequence! A general peace from the extinction of crime and infirmwould be nothing to it! If we take ity, shall we reward a robber as a beninto our consideration the immense efactor to society, instead of hanging crowd of judges, advocates, students, him,--and exult that we are menaced attornies, conveyancers, clerks, jailors, with no scarcity of disease? Surely turnkeys, bailiffs, deputy bailiffs, police this would not be rational! But it officers, executioners, and assistants, would not be more absurd than the arthat would at once become useless guments which we have supposed, and

* See our last Number, p. 423.

which unfortunately we have heard in were so puzzled to discover what he favour of luxury.

meant in jest and what in earnest, and The member of the Save-all Club, so be wildered in guessing at the scope in his anomalous production, gives of his undertaking, or, in plain English, some very amusing lessons on this sub- so much at a loss to find out what he ject, which are introduced with much was driving at, that we were constraineccentricity. Annexed to the preface ed to bestow on his preface a more dethere is a string of approbations from liberate perusal, and there we found a a committee of that society of which the remark dropt in bis careless way, which author professes himself a meinber, and served to relieve our embarrassment : the several certificates, with the signa- “ 'There are,” says be, "a thousand tures annexed, constitute such an im. ways of getting money, but only one of primatur as might be expected to issue saving it; which is not to spend it uhfrom a set of bumorists of the old school. necessarily. This is the golden thread Next appears a list of the names of all on which I have endeavoured to string this hopeful brotherhood, with the rules my pearls of ancient and modern lore. of the club; and here the singularity of of book-reading and of real life. I the work begins. The rules are eight have read a great deal, and seen a great in number; but by an ingenious mode deal of all modes of existence; and that of arrangement, number viii stands first, great poet Mr. Gray, has pronounced, and the series ends with number i. To that if any man would commit to paper justify this innovation on the practice merely what he has seen and heard, the of all legislative authorities, the writer product would infallibly prove an intercites a dictum of Justice Mapsfield, esting book.” who was accustomed to say that “in The following passage exemplifies order to do well we should always be that mixture of remark and anecdote gin at the end;" and the reader, it which is peculiarly characteristic of this seems may comply with this precept ei- singular writer. ther by taking the numbers in their in. “Of the four cardinal virtues, our verse order, and ascending to the head club regards Temperance as the chief; of the code, or by perusing the rules as for, except in her presence, where are they stand, and finishing with number Justice, Prudence, Fortitude? The old one, ever bearing in mind the author's kitchen inscription, waste not, want not, memento, that the true beginning is is an emphatic maxim of this virtue. PRUDENCE, and the end ECONOMY. Temperance in wine has been of late

It is very obvious, even on perusing enforced by the most cogent of all arthree or four of the first lessons, that guments, the price. Barry objects to the author in propounding them, has not champagne, as producing spasms and condescended to follow any of the pre- other nervous diseases, and recomcedents laid down by our most distin- mends old hock, as generous withou! guished lecturers on moral philosophy. being inflammatory, and a most grateful He deals sparingly in definition, and and stypic cordial in putrid diseases. very largely in illustration, indulging a In like manner, all the favorite wines Shandean license of digression upon of the ancients, the Falernian, kept for all sorts of subjects, and pressing into a hundred years, and the others, were the service of his cause ihe recorded all white wines, and are specially des wisdom of every age and country, cribed by the classics as being of an After these wide excursions, he recurs amber colour. The bue of red wine is at his own good pleasure, to his subject, transitory, and fails in port at twelve and this he treats in a manner so dryly years, as it becomes tawney at nine. humorous and so seriously comic, that The wine also loses its strength; but his effusions resemble those of a public perhaps Madeira, or old hock might orator, who has the faculty of convul- aspire to the Falernian longevity. sing his hearers with laughter, without “ Some rich save-thriftsmix cider moving a muscle himself. In fact, we with port wine for their servants; others

choose coach-horses that match with ing only a thin wall, or rather partition, those of a gouty neighbour, so that if a between his chamber and that of a taihorse be sick, another can be borrow- lor, often occupied to a late hour, he ed without inconvenience; for these contrived a hole, by which he can see animals are subject, if my memory serve, to read and to go to bed. This into one hundred and thirty diseases, and vention saves him three or four pounds four are oftep necessary in reserve for a year (generally about 31. 75. 2 d.) a carriage drawn by two. It is a great and is honourably mentioned in the rebreach of economy to have a villa near cords of the club." town where friends are so happy to “ Franklin has, in his usual style of arrive just at dinner-time. You may, dry and homely humour, ridiculed the however take your hat, as running out modern European infatuation of giving to see a neighbour taken violently ill, bread to wax-chandlers and candle maor fall upon the sofa yourself in a fit of kers, at a great expence to our purse, the colic. If, however, you adınit a health, and reputation. A careful stufriend or two, follow the maxim of Soc. dy of that useful publication, the alrates to his wife, “Why increase our manack, would enable us to supply dinner? If the company be real friends, ourselves, at no expense, with the blesthere is enough: if not, too much.” sed and beneficial light of day. The

The above extract gives a fair sample wheel of fashion is bowever turning so of the merits, and also of the defects fast, that the good ancient customs of the member of the Save-all Club. may surmount. Happy time for old Here, as in other instances, be suffers England, neighbour," said a sulky the economy of which he professes 10 politician to a friend of mine, “when be the advocate, to degenerate into parliament met at nine in the morning. shabbyness. We deny that meanness The deliberations were wise and frugal, is economy. The man who would and had the air of a grave senate and shuffle out, to avoid asking a friend to important affairs. But who ever saw dine, is one of those who have brought a lamp in the hands of Minerva ? We the economist into disgrace. The true all know the purposes that are pursued economist, while regulating his owu by night and candle light. They have enjoyments by a frugal calculation of nothing to do with wisdom, neigliprice, may with cheerfulness make an hour. All the wise men are then occasional sacrifice to satisfy the habits asleep.” He spoke emphatically, as of a friend, whose real wants have been he is always in bed by eight o'clock. multiplied by studying in a different As to his Minerva I say nothing, exschool; and indeed it is on such occa- cept what I read in my youth, that she sions that the abstemious man meets was the goddess of wisdom, and had with his reward, feeling as he must how no mother, which seems well contrived, much independence grows on plain and as wisdom has few relations on the fesimple babits, and at what a distance male side." privation is removed from himself, while We conclude with a few other misit is ever in the vicinity of him who sighs cellaneous extracts : for luxuries.

“ An old Italian, on his deathbed, But our laughing philosopher is quite left little to bis widow except a fine as anxious to amuse as to establish his horse and a favourite cat; desiring, position, and he indulges in all the pleas- however, that the horse might be sold, antries that occur to him with a careless and the price employed in masses for freedom that makes us occasionally at a his soul. The widow sends the horse loss whether we should laugh at, or and the cat to market, with an injunc-, laugh with him.

tion to sell the horse for a crown, but * Ao ingenious member has contriv- not except the purchaser also bought ed, in winter, to profit by the light of the cat, valued at four huudred crowns, his neighbour-a most innocent theft, In this way she honestly got the money which does harm to none.

There be- for her own use." 2X ATHENEUM VOL. 7.

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