very abundantly in Spain, the author ish writer of the day, explains the mysneed hardly have told us. Mr. Bow- tery: ring attributes the disinclination on the « Our universities are the faithful depart of the more enlightened clergy to positaries of the prejudices of the middle aid in any system of religious reform, ages ; our teachers, doctors of the tentha to motives of personal interest : the century; beardless Doviciates instruct us present profession of faith is a source of in the sublime mysteries of our faith ; great profit, and long habit has induced mendicant friars in the profound secrets them to regard it as beneficial to their of philosophy; while barbarous monks flocks. “Would they look round them,” explain the nice distinctions of metaphysays this eloquent writer, “ they might sics; who goes into our streets witbout see the melancholy effects which super- meeting cofradias (religious assemblies) stition and intolerance produced on processions, or rosaries; without heartheir hapless country. What is Se- ing the shrill voice of eunuchs, the brayville--the once renowned Seville, with ing of sacristans, the confused sound of its hundred and twenty-five churches sacred music, entertaining and instructand convents? The very shrine of ig- ing the devout with compositions so ex

It was there that the Span- alted, and imagery so romantic, that deish charter was trampled under foot a- votion itself is forced into a smile? In midst ten thousand shouts of • Live the the corners of our squares, at the doors king and Inquisition.'—Perish the of our houses, the mysterious truths of constitution!'-Or Cordova,so long the our religion are commented on by blind cradle of the arts, the favourite seat of beggars to the discordant accompaniretiring wisdom? It is become the cho- ment of an untuned guitar ; our walls sen abode of vice and barbarism ! are papered with records of authentic How many a town and city once illus. miracles,' compared to which, the Mettrious, has sunk into nothingness ! what amorphoses of Ovid are natural and remains of their ancient glory? The credible. ruins of palaces, of fabrics, of store “« Aod ignorance has been the parhouses and dwelliogs: and undilapida- ent, not of superstition alone, but of ioted churches, and monasteries, and hos- credulity and infidelity. The Bible, pitals, ontliving the misery of which the argument and evidence of our they have been the cause! At every Christian faith, tas been shamefully step one finds in Spain enough to excite abandoned, or cautiously buried bethe most melancholy recollections. I neath piles of decretals, formularies, puwent to Alcala de Henares to visit the erile meditations, and fabulous histories. house in which Cervantes was born. Monkish influence has given to the (If I had undertaken a pilgrimage I dreams and deliriums of foolish women, could not have repaid the enjoyment, or crafty men, the authority of revealed the delight I have received from the truth. Our friars have pretended to reworks of this wonderful genius.) It pair, with their rotten and barbarous had been destroyed, that a herd of fri- scaffolding, the eternal edifice of the ars might enlarge their kitchen-garden! gospel. They have twisted and torI enquired for the MSS. of Ximenes tured the moral law into a thousand Cisneros: they had been cut up for monstrous forms, to suit their passion sky-rockets to celebrate the arrival of and their interests. They have dared some worthless grandee !"

to obscure with their artful commentaWe think with Mr. B. that the ries the beautiful simplicity of the word statesmen and philosophers of Spain of God. They have darkened the have a right to look for some benefits plainest truths of revelation, and on the from the immense influence of the cler- ballowed charter of Christian liberty gy, and their no less gigantic power of they have even erected the altar of civil doing good ; but the following picture, despotism. We have indeed much rewhich he quotes from a popular Span- ligion, but no Christian charity ; we

of late years.

hurry with our pecuniary offerings to rance ; to them remain alone the joy of advance some pious work, but we do holding converse with the wise and the not scruple to defraud our fellow-men, good of departed time, and the ecstatic We confess every month, but our vices hope that their country will one day Jast us our lives. Weinsist (almost ex- burst from its death-like slumbers, and clusively) on the pame of Christians, spring forth into liberty, and life, and while our conduct is worse than that of light.”—Mr. Bowring, like many othinfidels. In one concluding word, we ers, foretold what has come to pass. He fear the dark dungeon of the Inquisi- tells those illustrious exiles, the martyrs tion, but not the awful—the tremendous of truth and freedom, to take heart, for tribunal of God!""*— The author adds: a brighter and better day is about to

“ This is the representation of a Spa- dawn on Spain, without perhaps imaginniard. Tho' the colouring is high, it is ing that the emancipation of his friends a copy from nature; and the shades was so near at hand. might have been heightened had he wit This well-written and entertaining nessed the conduct of numbers of the essay concludes with some very pertimonastic orders during the late convul- nents remarks on the state of Spanislı sions of Spain."

literature, and those causes which have Those members of the church who so powerfully operated against its prohad apostatized on the return of Ferdi gres3

“ A correct idea,” Dand, men who, after having exalted the he observes, “ of the state of learning in coostitution to the skies, and told the Spain, might be formed from the gene-' people they should think no sacrifice ral decline of the public colegios and too great for its preservation, became the universities, and the almost universal most irascible enemies of the patriots, ignorance of those to whom the imporwhen the profits and preferments hold tant business of education is entrusted. out by the restored monarch were be- At Alcala de Henares, where there were fore their eyes, are very justly apostro- formerly four or five thousand students, phised by the author, who is no less ar- there are now less than three hundred, deot in bis tribute of applause and ad- and the number is yearly declining. A miration, to the exiled and persecuted similar decay may be observed elsefriends of their country. “ It is,” says where.”he, “consolatory to turn from the pro That a change of some sort became fligacy and vice so often prominent absolutely necessary, might be proved amidst extraordinary political revolu- by many other facts relative to the de. tions, to the spirit of truth and liberty plorable state of Spain, as connected wbich they always elicit: and Spain has with its civil polity, commerce, &c. in had a most triumphant list of patriots. addition to those brought forward by Their Dames must not be recorded.... Mr. Bowring. For by one of those How wretched that country where no fatalities which has led to the wellmeed of applause may follow the track known adage of — Quem deus vult perof talent and virtue--where knowledge dere, prius dementat–being applied and tbe love of freedom are pursued and so frequently to Ferdinand, since his persecuted as if they were curses and restoration by a British army, he bas crime ! Otherwise, with what delight been sedulously occupied, amongst should I speak of some who, buried in other things, in shackling our coinmerthe obscurity of the cloister, or retiring cial intercourse with Spain, and laying into solitude from the noisy crowd, sighi duties on imported articles, particularly in secret and silence over the wretched our staples, cottons, and cloths, wbich fate of the land of their birth, their ad- amounted to a prohibition. Such is mirable powers of body and mind fetter- the return this country has been destined and frozen by the hand of despotism! ed to receive from more than one EuroAll around them is slavery and igno- pean crowned head, whose existence • The above passages are unslated from a small

was due to our generous sacrifices! tract called " Pan y Tores," attributed to Jovellanos.

From the Monthly Magazine, May, 1820.


ACCOUNT OF THE RANTERS. I TAKE up my pen to transmit ON THE ORIGIN THE ENGLISH some account of the new Society of

CAMP-MEETINGS. Methodists, denominated Ranters. A large religious meeting, in the Whether they are called Ranters, from open air, and the first in England any similarity they bear to the sect of which bore the title of a Cump-MeetRanters that arose in 1645, who taught ing, was held upon Mow,* on Sunday, that they were come to restore the true May 31, 1807. It commenced about church, ministry and ordinances, which six o'clock in the morning, and continthey asserted were lost; or whether ued without intermission till about half they are so denominated from their past eight in the evening. It began with preaching and praying in the open air, one preaching-stand ouly; but three and the general rant and noise of their more were afterwards erected. The assemblies, I am not able to ascertain. preachings were intermingled with a They are, in fact, methodists, and I diversity of pious exercises ; such do not learn that they differ at all in as singing, prayer, exhortations, speakdoctrine from the great sect of Wesley- ing experience, relating anecdotes, &c. an methodists. They seem, however, During a great part of the day, to think that the old methodists, on ac- the scene was interesting ; a compacount of their great popularity and pat- ny wrestling in prayer ;-four preachronage, have in some measure deviated ers delivering the word of life ;from the original spirit of methodism, thousands listening ;-tears flowing; and drunk in too much of the spirit, —sioners trembling ;-saints rejoicing. and conformed too much to the cus- Such was the first of the English Camp toms and practice of the world in their Meetings. religious concerns. The Ranters seem A day's prayiog upon Mow," benot to admire the modern polish of


first to be talked of in the year Methodism, the grandeur of its edifi- 1801. The thought rose simply from ces, the splendour of its ordioaoces, a zeal for praying, which had sprung the improved elocution and decent so- up in that neighbourhood.- From the lemnity of its ministry, the compara- year 1802 to 1807, various accounts tive stilloess of its worship, and the of the American camp meetings were general order and decorum of its as- published. These accounts strengthsemblies. They seem to think religion ened the cause, and fanned the flame: cannot well exist without noise, and and io the mean time, L. Dow, a gabustle, and ferment, and that it consists tive of America, preached in England, of much more than quietly believing in and gave some account of these meetChrist, and doing justly, and loving ings. He drew some attention to the mercy, and walking humbly with God. subject, but never had a thought of atTheir aim seems to be to revive the tempting a camp-meeting in England; pains, and throes, and labours, and agi- and when he left England, be had so tations, and horrid tremblings, and tu- thought of such a thing taking place. multuous joys which characterized

In 1807, by a peculiar direction of methodism at her birth !!

Providence, a camp meeting took place However I may disapprove of the as above; and two more published extravagance of the Ranters, I would be held the same year. These were be last to misrepresent them, or their strangely opposed, and as wonderfully opinions. They shall now therefore, supported, and camp-meetings gained speak for themselves. They call their an establishment. meetings Camp-Meetings; the following account of which is extracted from fordshire and Cheshire ; and about five miles distant

• Mow is a large mountain running between Staf their hymn book:

from the Staffordshire potteries.

As matter of history perhaps, the Some of the old Methodists appear following doggrel lines, taken from the to dread the spread of Ranterism, as Ranter's bymn book, may be admit- likely to be injurious to their cause, on ted into your journal as illustrative account of its cheapness, it requiring of the spirit and doctrine of these re- much less subscription to support plain ligionists.

Ranterism, thun adorned Methodism. CAMP-MEETING HYMN.

A very intelligent Methodist seriously

expressed this idea to me, saying, " He When the Redeemer of mankind

feared those who had little to spend, Began to heal the lame and blind,

and those who wished to spend but The pharisees withstood :

little would prefer Ranterism on the His condescension show'd their pride, Yet while they loud against him cried,

score of economy, and that MethoHe went on doing good.

dism would be thereby retarded in Thus proud men camp-meetings withstand,

its aspiration after universal empire." Yet they are spreading thro' the land,

Thus far had I written, when a rezThe gospel still is free;

pectable periodical publication, (The Tho' hirelings cry they must be stopp'd,

Monthly Repository,) coming to hand, Good men have persecution dropp'd, And now they all agree.

I was agreeably surprised to find it

contained some account of the Rapters. The Lord a glorious work begun, And thro’ America it run;

The account there giren, corroborates Across the sea it flies;

in general the above statement; but a This work is now to us come near,

few additional particulars I shall tranAnd many are converted here,

scribe. The constitution of the RanWe see it with our eyes.

ter's Society, is evidently intended to The little cloud increases still,

shame the hierarchy of the Wesleyan That first arose upon Mow Hill,

Methodists. It is declared, that "all It spreads along the plain : Tho' men attempt to stop its course,

members of the connection shall have It flies in spite of all their force,

equal rights, according to the station And proves their efforts vain.

they fill in the church.” The affairs of Sinners at first an uproar made,

each circuit are managed by a quarter And forrnalists were sore a fraid,

board, consisting of preachers, leaders, Because it broke their rules ;

stewards, and delegates. These cir'Twould bring religion in disgrace, Begun by men so mean and base,

cuit boards are subordinate to the anAnd either knares or fools.

nual meeting, which is composed of Yet still these simple souls rejoice,

two lay delegates and one preacher And on the hills they raise their voice,

from each circuit.

Those who long Salvation to proclaim ;

for a cheap religion, will surely at They preach, exhort, and sweetly sing,

length be satisfied. The salary of an While hills and dales with praises ring,

unmarried travelling preacher, is fixed And sound the Saviour's name.

at four pounds per quarter, together Some of these men are meanly drest, Their language unrefined at best;

with board and lodgiog. For the mainAnd tho' the proud despise,

tenance of himself and his family, a Their labours with success are crown'd,

married preacher is allowed fourteen The power of God does still confound

shilliogs per week, and one shilling per The wisdom of the wise.

week for one child, under the age of They preach and pray with all their might,

eight years. He is prohibited from Sinners constrain'd do ery outright, But, when by grace restorid,

carrying on any business, or from selThose who were weeping sore distrest,

ling any goods or medicines. If, lowSoon as they find their souls are blest,

ever, his wife be disposed to particiRise up and praise the Lord.

pate in the duties of the ministery, she Christians at camp-meetings unite,

is allowed 10 act as a travelling preachiAnd free from bigotry and spite,

er, and is prid two ponnds per quar. Both seets and parties fall; There's no respect to persons shown,

ter for ber services. Why the female But all as one their Saviour own,

preacher should be stipted to half the And Christ is all in all.

allowance made to the male does not 2L ATHENEUM VOL. 7.


Th love of minute regulation, is mody, for it is a maxim with them, exemplified in the Ranters' minutes, by that the devil shall no longer exclusivesome whimsical questions, such as, ly possess all the most lively and most “ What shall be done in case of a tra- enchanting tunes.

Indeed their psalvelling preacher's marrying ?” “What mody in general is not calculated for shall be travelling preachers do in case serious tunes. I really was painfully of sickness ?” “ In what dress shall the amused by hearing them sing the foltravelling preachers appear in public ?" lowing, The answer to this deserves insertion :

Is there any body here that wants salvation ? “ In a plain one; the men to wear Call to my Jesus and he'll draw nigh. single-breasted coats, single-breasted O glory, glory, hal, hallelujah ;

Glory be to God who rules on high. waistcoats, and their hair in its natural form ; and not to be allowed to wear I am willing to endure the soeers of pantaloons, trowsers, nor white bats; the unbeliever, when I assert it as my and that our female preachers be pat- settled opinion, that any religion that teros of plaipness in all their dress.” inculcates belief in a God, and a future It appears that the circuits are four, state of rewards and punishments, esof which the head quarters are, Tuns. pecially on Christian grounds, is better tall, Nottingham, Loughborough, and than no religion at all, yet I must acHull: In the Hull circuit

, there are knowledge it is painful to reflect on the eighteen preachers and ten exhorters, wanderings of the human intellect, on whose exertions are extended to nearly the subject of religion. It is important thirty places, some of them above forty to distinguish between religion and suThe Ran- perstition. Superstition is frantic

, riotters' Society, altogether, appears rapid- ous, tumultuous, censorious, uncharitaly on the increase; these people are ble. Religion is calm, sober, peaceful, particularly distinguished by their adop. orderly, and charitable. J. PLATTS. tion of merry song tunes in their psal Doncaster, April 1. 1820.


From the New Monthly Magazine.

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THE AUTHOR OF WAVERLEY." bigh passion carried in itself a justifica

tion for its most fearful excesses. He “ Here are we in a bright and breathing world."

Wordsworths inspired them with a feeling of diseas

ed curiosity to know the secrets of dark WE

E esteem the noble productions bosoms, while he opened his own per

which the great novelist of turbed spirit to their gaze. His works, Scotland has poured forth with startling and those imported from Germany, speed from his rich treasury, not only as tended to give to our imagination an multiplying the sources of delight to introspective cast, to perplex it with thousands, but as shedding the most metaphysical subtleties, and to render genial influences on the taste and feeling our poetry “ sicklied o'er with the pale of the people. These, witb their fresh cast of thought.” The genius of our spirit of health, bave counteracted the country was thus in danger of being workings of that blasting spell by which perverted from its purest uses to bethe genius of Lord Byron once threat- come the minister of vain philosophy, ened strangely to fascinate and debase and the anatomist of polluted na. the vast multitude of Eoglish readers. tures. Men, seduced by their poble poet, had “ The author of Waverley," (as he began to pay bomage to mere energy, delights to be stiled) has gently weanto regard virtue as low and mean come ed it from its idols, and restored to it pared with lofty crime, and to think that its warm youthful blood and human

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