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seen it: the hind hair is negligently in the French style ; or rather we fastened up by a pearl comb; a few should say they are trimmed, under the ringlets descend from the crown of the edge of the brim, with gauze or blond head to the throat, but are not suffered intermixed with white satin coques, ..or to fall into the neck. Head-dress, ar- small wreaths of flowers. There tificial flowers tastefully intermixed does not appear any likelihood ai prewith the hair. Pearl necklace and ear- sent that bonnets will decrease in size. rings. White kid gloves, and white Among the novelties in preparation silk shoes.
for carriage dress, one of the inost ele.
gant is a pelisse composed of French SUMMER FASHIONS. wbito gros de Naples : there is nothWe have endeavoured to procure ing remarkable in the form of the pethe most correct information respecting lisse ; but the epaulettes and trimming the summer fashions, and have seen va are very novel and tasteful : the latter is rious novelties which were to appear composed of a mixture of pink satin as soon as the mourning was at an end: and white transparent gauze; the latwe shall lay the result of our researches ter is laid on full in a scroll pattern, before our fair readers; at the same and intersected with very narrow routime we must observe, that, owing to leaus of satin : the trimming is finished the fondoess which many leaders of at each side with a narrow edging the modes display for the French fash- of pink satin. The epaulette is extremeions, we may expect that, in the course ly full; it forms a large puff in front of of May, many changes will take place. the arm; this puff is filled with an in
For promenade dress, we have as termixture of folds of gauze and satin yet seen nothing prepared but pelisses placed bias. We should observe, and spencers : they are of silk, which that the trimming goes all round, and is in general of the most substantial the collar
and cuffs correspond texture, and are lined with white sars- with it. net. There is as little variety in trim
Cambric and jaconet muslin are the mings ; they are principally composed only materials which we have seen preof an intermixture of satin and gauze, pared for morning dress.
Gowns are or else satin and the same silk as the made plain in the back, long in the pelisse.
waist, and in general to fasten behind ; Spencers are made in general with a they are mostly laced, but we have seen small jacket, which comes no further a few buttoned. Sleeves are rather tban the bust, and is rounded off at the tight, but the epaulettes are in general sides : they are made to sit very full very full. As yet we have not seen behind, and being short, have a jaunty any morning dresses trimmed very high, air. The collars are high, and in gen- por is there any great variety in the eral plain ; but the epaulettes are very trimming of those few already made full: they are also made of a mixture up; worked flounces laid on plain or of silk and satin.
in waves, and headed with a fulness of Leghorn and silk bonnets seem like- muslip, or else rich work let-in in waves, ly to be equally in estimation for the with founces between, are the only promenade : we have seen several of trimmings that we have as yet seen in the latter made to correspond with the fashionable houses. pelisse or spencer with which they Very few dinner dresses have as yet were to be worn, and a few also in been made in muslin, but we bave seen white; but those latter seem likely to a good many in silk, and of a texture. be principally confined to carriage cos- which we consider infinitely too subtume. Both promenade and carriage stantial for the season ; in fact, our lebonnets are ornamented with artificial vantines, gros de Naples, reps, and flowers : we have seen some very pro- queen's silk, are almost as stout as the fusely trimmed at the edge of the brim brocades, tissues, and damasks of our
grandmammas. Some additions have antine : this trimming is very broad and been made to our stock of silks : one it has really an uncommonly striking of these is the material called zephy- and elegant offect. reene, and another is the soie de White silk, satin, and lace, seem Londres, an extremely beautisul silk; likely to be most in favour ia full dress; it resembles levantine in substance, and a mixture of coloured silk in trimsatin in glossiness of texture. Those mings is a novelty which appears likedinner gowns that we have seen, are ly to become fashionable. Among the cut low; and both morning and dio- trimmings which we have noticed, coe ner dress is now made in a style much of the most novel and pretty is a chain more advantageous to the shape, than composed of coloured ribbon, laid on it was a few months ago : the backs of in a zig-zag pattern, and intermixed gowns are narrower, and much more with white blond lace; a deep flounce sloped than they were ; and the sleeve of blond terminates this trimming. is set in so as to give a breadth to the Full-dress gowns are all cut low, but chest, without falling too much off the by no means indelicately so rouod the shoulder. White and coloured gauze, bust. The sleeves are very short and satin, and blood, are the materials at pre full. Where the dress is of silk, the sent used for trimmings. We have just sleeve is very frequently composed seen one of the most povel in form that wholly of lace. has been introduced for some time : There is very little novelty in millinthe dress is a pale lilac levantine ; the ery ; artificial flowers seem likely to be trimming is of white transparent gauze; more worn for the head than any thing it is laid on in a wave which is slight else. It is not easy yet to decide what puckered, and each edge of the wave colours will be most fashionable ; but is finished with a very narrow lilac among the dresses that we have seen gauze ruche ; between each wave is azure, levantine, pink, and lilac, were placed a bunch of leaves composed of most prevalent. white gauze, and edged with lilac lev
From the Literary Gazette.
SOUTHEY'S LIFE OF JOHN WESLEY.
Continued from page 332,
ABOUT a fortnight
, subsequent to been carried to so deplorable a length ca
in reer of fanatical enthusiasm, Wesley, the persuasion of martyrs, and the vilest together with Ingham and six others, wretches (through a momentary deluleft England for the Moravian Estab- sion miscalled faith) die the death of lishment at Herrnhut in Germany, of saints in glory. But this was at the the origin and progress of which sect height of the Wesleyan excitement and the author takes a rapid view. Count enthusiasm, and before Methodism had Zinzendorf and the Herrnhutters were assumed, with a consistent form, a soat that era in a state of the grossest ber character. On the 17th of Februabomination, which was afterwards re- ary, 1739, Whitfield appeared in bis formed, for their meaning was as un “ first field pulpit" at Rose Green near questionably good as their means were Bristol, and preached for the colliers of evil. Wesley returned to London af- Kingswood. The chancellor of the ter a short absence, and Whitfield also diocese interfered, and a rupture encame back from America. At this time sued, which finally led to the separation began the practice of fitting condemned of the new sect from the Church of criminals for execution, which has since England. The dreadful paroxysms
which in the earlier stages of Method- and she was got three or four yards, ism, manifested that the disciples bad when she also dropt down in as violent been born again in grace, are now only an agony as the rest. Twenty-six of to be found in America ; and the love those who had been thus affected (most feasts have, we trust, no likeness in these of whom, during the prayers which wiser times. On the 12th of May, were made for them, were in a moment 1739, the foundation-stone of the first filled with peace and joy,) promised to Methodist preaching-house was laid, in call upon me the next day, but only a piece of ground obtained for that pur- eighteen came, by talking closely with pose, near St. James's Church-yard, whom, I found reason to believe that Bristol. Whitfield was now preaching some of them had gone home to their in London, and “a layman, whose houses justified ; the rest seemed to be name was Shaw, insisted that a priest- patiently waiting for it.' A difference hood was an unnecessary and unscrip- of opinion conceroing these outward tural institution, and that he himself signs, as they were called, was one of had as good a right to preach, baptize, the subjects which had distracted the and administer the sacraments, as any London Methodists, and rendered other man.
Such a teacher found rea- Wesley's presence among them necesdy believers; the propriety of lay- sary.” Over these new prophets, the preaching was contended for at the so- Methodists prevailed, though not withciety in Fetter-Lane, and Charles Wes- out a considerable struggle; and itineley strenuously opposed what he called rant preaching began to grow common. these pestilent errors. In spite of bis Samuel Wesley, the elder brother, thus opposition, a certain Mr. Bowers set the writes to his mother at this date_" . It first example, Two or three more ar was with exceeding concern and grief I dent innovators declared that they would heard you had countenanced a spreadno longer be members of the church of ing delusion, so far as to be one of England.” Howel Harris, the first Jack's congregation. Is it not enough great promoter of Methodism in Wales, that I am bereft of both my brothers, started at this period; and Whitfield's but must my mother follow too ?
I first celebrated preachings in Moor- earnestly beseech the Almighty to prefields, and Kennington Common, took serve you from joining a schism at the place. A picture of the effect of these close of your life, as you were unfortusermons may be copied from Wesley's Dately engaged in one at the beginoing statement of what happened to him at of it. They boast of you already as a Wapping. " While,' he says, ' I was disciple. Charles has told John Benearnestly inviting all men to enter into tham that I do not differ much, if we the Holiest by this new and living way, understand one another. I am afraid I many of those who heard began to call must be forced to advertise, such is their upon God with strong cries and tears ; apprehension, or their charity. But some sunk down, and there remained they design separation. Things will no strength in them ; others exceeding- take their natural course, without an esly trembled and quaked; some were pecial interposition of Providence. They torn with a kind of convulsive motion are already forbid all the pulpits in in every part of their bodies, and that London, and to preach in that diocese so violently, that often four or five per- is actual schism. In all likelihood it will sops could not hold one of them. I have come to the same all over England, if seen many hysterical and epileptic fits, the Bishops have courage enough. They but none of them were like these in ma- leave off the liturgy in the fields : tho' ny respects. I immediately prayed Mr. Whitfield expresses his value for that God would not suffer those who it, he never once read it to his tatterdewere weak to be offended ; but one malions on a common. Their societies woman was greatly, being sure they are sufficient to dissolve all other sociemight help it if they would, no one ties but their own: will any man of should persuade her to the contrary ; common sense or spirit suffer any do21
ATHENEUM VOL. 7.
mestic to be in a bond engaged to re- after an illness of four hours !-well late every thing without reserve to five might be protest against the apprebenor ten people, that concerns the person's sion or the charity of those who were so conscience, how much soever it may eager to hold him up to the world as concern the family ? Ought any mar- their convert. The state of mind which ried persons to be there, unless husband this good man enjoyed bad nothing in and wife be there together ? This is common with the extravagant doctrine literally putting asunder whom God of assurance which his brothers were hath joined together. As I told Jack, preaching with such vehemence during I am not afraid the church should ex- the ebullition of their enthusiasm ; it communicate bim, discipline is at too was the sure and certain hope of a sinlow an ebb; but that he should excom cere and humble Christian who trusted municate the church. It is pretty near in the merits of his Saviour and the it. Holiness and good works are not mercy of his God. He died as be bad so much as conditions of our acceptance lived, in that essential faith which has with God. Love-feasts are introduced, been common to all Christians in all and extemporary prayers and exposi- ages ;—that faith wherein he had been tions of Scripture, which last" are trained up, which had been rooted in enough to bring in all confusion : nor is bim by sound education, and confirmit likely they will want any miracles to ed by diligent study, and by his own support them. He only can stop them ripe judgment. And to that faith Wesfrom being a formed sect, in a very little ley himself imperceptibly returned as time, who ruleth the madness of the time and experience taught him to corpeople. Ecclesiastical censures have rect his aberrations. To his old age be lost their terrors, thank fanaticism on the said to Mr. Melville Horne these memone hand and atheisin on the other. To orable words : When fifty years ago talk of persecution therefore from thence my brother Charles and I, in the simis mere insult. Poor Brown, who gave plicity of our hearts, told the good peoname and rise to the first separatists, ple of England, that unless they knew though he repented every vein of his theii sios were forgiven, they were unheart, could never undo the mischief he der the wrath and curse of God, I marhad done."
vel, Melville, they did not stone us ! “Samuel Wesley* died within three The Methodists, I hope, know better weeks after the date of this letter ; and now : we preach assurance as we alJohn says in his journal,' we could not ways did, as a common privilege of the but rejoice at hearing from one who children of God; but we do not enhad attended my brother in all his force it under the pain of damnation, deweakness, that several days before he nounced on all who enjoy it not.'' went hence, God had given him a calm Not long after this, Wesley separated and full assurance of his interest in from the Moravians, with strong feelChrist. Oh! may every one who op- ings on both sides ; but these time conposes it be thust convinced that this siderably healed. The Wesleyans, doctrine is of God!'
Wesley cannot however, maintained the doctrine of be suspected of intentional deceit : yet Christian perfection in the new man; who is there upon reading this passage
the Moravians, that a leaven of corrupwould suppose that Samuel had died tion remained in the old till death. But
a more memorable event was the * In the History of Dissenters by David Bogue and James Bennet, (vol. iii
. p. 6.) Samuel Wesley is ation between Wesley and Whitfield. called “ a woridly priest, who hated all pretence to “ Wesley wished to obtain Whitmark of a dissenter !!" The amiable spirit which doctrine of persection, the free, full, more religion than our neighbours, as an infallible field's acquiescence in his favourite is displayed in this sentence, its liberality, its chari and present salvation from all the guilt
, + This passage may probably have been the all the power, and all the in-being of cause of the breach between John Wesley and his sin, a doctrine as untenable as it was brother's family, and to that breach the preservation acceptable to weak minds and inflated of Samuel's letter is owing.
imaginations. He knew also that us, who you know of another Whitfield held the Calvinistic tenets mind ?'— Because you are all
wrong, of election and irreversible decrees ; te- and I am resolved to set you all right.' nets which, if true, would make God -- I fear,” said Wesley, - your coming unjust, and the whole Gospel a mere with this view would neither profit you mockery. Upon both these subjects nor us.' Then, rejoined Acourt, T he wrote to his old friend and disciple, will go and tell all the world that you who at this time, though he could yield and your brother are false prophets. to him upon neither, wished earnestly And I tell you in one fortnight you will to avoid all dispute. "My honoured all be in confusion.' friend and brother,' said he in his re Wesley now turned to the organizaply,' for once hearken to a child, who tion of those who adhered to his opinions. is willing to wash your feet. I beseech The system of classing, still in practice, you, by the mercies of God in Christ was adopted ; itinerancy was taken up, Jesus our Lord, if you would have my and lay preachers soon laboured in love confirmed towards you, write no common with those who were originalmore to me about misrepresentations ly in orders. Nelson, a stone mason in wherein we differ. To the best of my Yorkshire, greatly distinguished bimself knowledge, at present no sin has do- among the first in this line. The Quaminion over me, yet I feel the strug- kers had long before given up this cusglings of indwelling sin day by day. tom, so that it was quite a novelty : The doctrine of election, and the final but“ Cotton Mather has preserved perseverance of those who are in Christ, choice specimen of invective against I
am ten thousand times more convinc- Dr. Owen, by one of the primitive Quaed of, if possible, tban when I saw you kers, whose name was Fisher. It was, last.
You think otherwise. Why indeed, a species of rhetorick in which then should we dispute when there is they indulged freely, and exceeded all Bo probability of convincing ?” The other sectarians. Fisher addressed him Calvinistic Methodists in England, thus : Thou fiery tighter and greenhowever, forced on the separation which headed trumpeter; thou hedgehog and their leader Whitfield thus deprecated grinning dog; thou bastard, that tumin bis letters from America, (1740.) bled out of the month of the Babylonish “One of the leading members in Lon- bawd ; thou mole ; thou tinker; thou don, by name Acourt, bad disturbed lizard; thou bell of no metal, but the the society by introducing his disputed tone of a kettle ; thou wheelbarrow; tenets, till Charles Wesley gave orders thou whirlpool ; thou whirligig; O that he should no longer be admitted. tbou firebrand; thou adder and scorJohn was present when next he pre- pion; thou louşe ; thou cow-dung; sented himself and demanded whether thou moon-calf; thou ragged tallerdethey refused admitting a person only malion ; thou Judas : thou livest in because he differed from them in opi philosophy and logic, which are of the
Wesley answered no, but ask, Devil.' ed what opinion he meant. He replied, Methodisın must now be considered
that of election. I hold that a certain as having taken root in the land. Meetnumber are elected from eternity, and ing Houses were erected in various these must and shall be saved, and the parts, settled upon Wesley as the head rest of mankiod must and shall be and sole director of the society. Funds damned.' And he affirmed that many were raised, and a plan of finance estabof the society held the same ; upon lished. Preachers and assistants proviwhich Wesley observed that he never ded. To this stage Methodism had asked whether they did or not; only arrived in 1742, when its founder lost let them not trouble others by disputing his mother. Two of Wesley's sisters about it.' Acourt replied, " Nay, but were miserably married, a third to I will dispute about it.-Why, then,' clergyman named Whitelamb, and the said Wesley, ' would you come among fourth died of a broken beart. Wesley