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same size and composition as those seven tenths thick, seventeen inches found either at Belus's tower, or the and a half broad; furnace-baked, three mound mentioned to be situated be- inches thick, twelve inches broad, and tween it and Hillab ; I therefore return- generally weighed thirty-one pounds. ed, somewhat disappointed."

“The Euphrates, as far as Korda, The intelligent Writer introduces which is one hundred and twenty miles some interesting details on the river from the head of the Persian Gulf, is Euphrates, and mentions several curi- navigable for vessels of three hundred ous customs adopted by the present in- tons, and from thence to Hillab, boats habitants of the country. He says, not exceeding eighty can come up du“lbat part of the Eupbrates which lies ring six months in the year. Their between Karakoolee and Hillah, a dis- construction is singular : they have one tance of upwards of sixteen miles, winds very large mast with a latteen sail; the extremely, and particularly where it body almost half-moon, no keel, and a passes Belus's tower a quarter of a mile rudder of the most awkward shape ; distant. Arguing from the well-estab- the bull is extremely ill-constructed, the lished fact, that streams, on so soft a ribs and planks being roughly nailed bottom and level a surface, in the course together, and the outside covered with of years change their beds, we may, bitumen. When they are going to Korwithout violating probability, presume na or Bussora, from Hillah, they sail if that the Euphrates had anciently flowed the wind be fair, or float down the between Belus's tower and the other stream if it be foul. In returning or large mouod laying about three quarters ascending the stream, they have one end of a mile to the West of it, mentioned of a long rope tied to the bead of the in this account as the one with the walls mast, four or six men take hold of the of a large house still standing in it, and other end, and by this means pull her the decayed tree. But if we admit that against the current. the river may have changed its course “It is curious to observe, potwithfrom wbat it held in those ancient times, standing the lapse of ages, how some and that it now flows to the Westward local customs and usages continue in of both the palace and the tower, in. practice.

The circular boats made of stead of passing between them, as it is reeds, and in form of a shield, which said to have done, the positions of the attracted the notice of Herodotus so palace and tower are then exactly mark- much, and which, in his time, were used by these two mounds ; for, with the ed on the river between Babylon and exception of Niebuhr's watch-tower, Armenia, differ hardly at all from those there is not a single mound on the in use at the present day; which perWestern baok to be found, nor do the fectly agree with the description given Datives ever procure any bricks from by that venerable historian. Another that side, though the principal part of curious method of navigation exists in the town of Hillah is situated on it. If these times, which is noticed as early this conjecture be admissible, then the as the time of Xenophon, merchants ancients and moderns agree in their ac- in Armenia, when embarking on the counts of this far-famed city with re- Tigris, collect a great number of goatgard to the site of its two principal edi- skins, which, having inflated, they fasfices; but if it be rejected as improba- ten together, forming a kind of square

**? atill remain as manch ip sha darle, raft ; these are from fifty to a bundred ce fresh ruses, and that the diffi in number ; over them are placed mats,

wbich bad risen up between the then the merchandise, and upon the top o courts, are now removed by a sio of all, the owners and passengers. It re reconciliation and union ; all who Sis then set adrist, and, floating down à connected with these two courts,

the stream, it occasionally strikes knowledging the great blessing, will Thugainst islands and shallow parts of ver cease to maintain amicable rela Lehe river, the bottom of which being of ons and correspondence between them. A soft nature, seldom destroys the skins.

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“ The flowing of the tide at Korna Who filled the world with fame, sleep now inurned, is a singular sight : it prevails against

Or on Athenian ground, or storied Troy,

Or marble Thebes upon whose sands long since the stream of the Euphrates, but finds The amorous Memnon in the morning light the current of the Tigris too powerful; Sang to the young Aurora—for amongst and, as you stand at the confluence of Those haunts the spirits of the elder time the two rivers, you see the flood-tide Beneath the quiet of the midnight sky,

Wander invisibly; and we will talk flowing up the Euphrates on the one

Of things and days departed ; till the sound hand, and forced back by the strength Shall fall like melancholy music on of the Tigris on the other, forming, by My soul.–Or, haplier, far and far away, this contrary direction of two currents, By mighty hills, I'll lay me down at last,

Beside some silent lake, encompassed round a violent eddy between them. The tides an idler on that solitary shore, of the Persian Gulph are sensibly felt And upon every cloud and passing thing in the Euphrates iwenty miles above And every wind that stirs, or feathered bird Korna, or one hundred and forty miles That dips its plumage in the waters, I

Will through the lazy noon-tide moralize; from the mouth of the river.

And so I'll learn tranquillity.

The beginning of the soliloquy is also very BARRY CORNWALL.

fine.--We have much pleasure in reflecting, that, This is a dreary world. The sun has made when this delightful author first glanced upon A cloudy set, and as he died, his eye the public eye, the Literary Gazette greeted Looked red and troubled, and did tell of storms his softly brilliant rising in the poetical hor. To-morrow. A dark world—Still do I tread izon, with acclamations such as an enthusias. The ground as I was wont, and yet, I feel tic race of eastern worshippers use when they A wild and buoyant spirit here that seems behold the earliest coming of the lovely morn. And lift me upwards, whispering me I am

To mingle with the circling element, Had me any fear, it was that private partial- In something different from man. I am : ity might unawares voarp our judgment, and For I have run beyond my course, and left cause as, perhaps to express feelings growing The world behind, and now I stand above out of many roots, which the intrinsic merits The reach of morta laccident. I wished of the single fruit before us would not seem

To be immortal, for my soul was proud to warr ant. We imagined that from other And I was braised by foul authority;

And grasping ; want and woe hung on my heart, considerations of which we were conscious, we And that I saw beyond my fellows and could not so sufficiently appreciate the pro- Could read the secrets of the skies, and look duction, as to be entirely fair in our criticism; Into the profound which spreads beyond the tomb and we therefore waited with some anxiety to

Its dim illimitable regions, I see how far our brother reviewers agreed with

Was spurned and hated ; but no more. I am or differed from our sentiments. They have

Immortal now; hundreds of untold years

That now lie sleeping in the gulf of time, unanimously coincided with us ; and by Shall rise and roll before me ere I die. common consent, the young Poet has been My glance can reach the heart, and my hand rain established in an elevated niche in the temple Gold-showers, and invisible spirits stand of fame, though as yet he has only presented Always around me : I can walk the waves, two slight volumes to the world. These, we

And ride the winged winds, and bid them fly feel assured, are but the prelude to some

On my dark errands, and I have the power

To call the dead up from their stony rooms swelling act ; and surely, if Mr. Cornwall Todo me service-I have a haunt beside be possessed of any ambition, the laurels lav The bright home of the sun, aye, and can blind ished on his first efforts must stimulate his The red Orion when he eyes the seas, genius to deeds still more worthy. We shall

And strives to scatter from his cloudy arms then be more pleased and more proud than Tempest and storm : and so I am-a wretch. ever to hail his increasing glory : at present, We add two of the shorter poems it is only our purpose to remind him of the expectations he has excited by quoting a few

that bank, at the distance of some,: miles passages from the new edition of his dream de- from Hillah, between the mi je of matic Scenes.

uins, Karakoolee and the river. The following lines, of a soliloquy in the poems reof Werner, were not in the original publica-f the perceived that

, for the space of about tion, and are eminently beautiful.

ins of half a mile square, the country, was

ORI
Will lie beneath the shade of columns or tombs
Forgotten, where the ashes of those men

stow

fuiry, right

“I accordingly rode to them, and

it dis- covered with 'fragments of different illah; kinds of bricks, bui none of them led

me to conclude that they were of the

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“Now that his excellency Mirza Abdul Hassan Khan, the ambassador to the grand court of Russia, is about to depart for the capital of that empire, I have resolved to open the gates of

friendship with the key of this sincere ENGLISH I letter; and, as it is an ancient custom,

conformable to the principles of frieodSONNET.

ship and cordiality, that friends should Oh, for that winged steed, Bellerophon! That Pallas gave thee in her infinite grace

send presents to each other, I beg of And loved for innocence, when thou didst face you to accept a few of the finest prodThe treble-shaped Chimæra. But he is gone ucts of our country. I hope that you That struck the sparkling stream from Helicon ;

will refresh with a few drops of friendAnd never hath one risen in his place, Stamped with the features of that mighty race.

ly correspondence the garden of a heart Yet wherefore grieve I-seeing how easily

which sincerely loves you. I entreat The plumed spirit may its journey take

you will favour me with some commisThrough yon blue regions of the middle air ;

sions, that I may enjoy the pleasure of And note all things below that own a grace,

fulfilling them. May heaven preserve Mountain, and cataract, and silent lake, And wander in the fields of poesy,

your days serene, bappy and glorious !" Where avarice never comes, and seldom care.

(Here follows the signature.)

The presents sent with the letter conORIENTAL STYLE.

sisted of a pearl necklace, weigbing 498 The Persian Ambassador, Abdul carats ; five Indian shawls; a casket,

a writing box, and dressing case, furHassan Kban, on bis visit to this

nished with every pecessary; and five city, was directed to deliver to the em

pieces of brocade of the most superb press mother an autograph letter, ac

manufacture, companied by several magnificent presents, from the wife of the Schuh:-the Russian journals have published the

MEMORY. following trapslation of the letter.

BORNE on the Ocean's heaving breast, “ As long as the elements of which Mark yon stately vessel sail ; the world is composed shall last, may

How in floating canvass drest,

Courts she every wanton gale! the august lady of the palace of grandeur-the cluster of pearls of the king

Soft the prosp'rous breezes blow;

Fast she makes the wish'd-for shore; dom-the constellation of the stars of

Glitt'ring bright in splendid show, sovereignty-she who bore the sun of

Rich with India's golden ore. the great empire-the centre of the cir.

Gently foams the recreant tide, cle of sovereignty-the palm tree of the 'Neath the golden-gilded prow; fruit of supreme authority--may that Pleased the joyous waves divide august princess be ever happy, and pro

Still behind 'no track they show. tected from danger.

After offering

Yet at some far-distant day you my sincere good wishes, I have Memory will the scene retrace; the honour to inform you that, at the

Mark the wanton breezes play,

Hail the vessel's easy grace. appy period in which we live, and

Buoyant thus on life's broad stream, ough the great mercy of the Almigh

Man in all his beauty moves ; 1 the gardens of the two great powers Blest with sweet contentinent's beam, ''ce fresh ruses, and that the diffi. Blest with all his bosom loves.

which had risen up between the Swift each passing year rolls on; ro courts, are now removed by a sin Still contentment glads his mind; re reconciliation and union; all who

Soon each passing year is gone e connected with these two courts,

Gone, nor leaves a track behind. knowledging the great blessing, will

Then alike fond memory's powers

Pleasures long since past, review; Hver cease to maintain amicable rela

Lead him back to youth's bright hours, pns and correspondence between them. And each blissful scene renew.

m

scorn,

Who filled the world with fame, sleep now inorned,
POET LAUREAT.

Dr on Athenian ground, or storied Troy,
As early as the reign of Henry III. ?r marble Thebes upon whoge sands long since
who died in the year 1272, there was

the amorous Mempon in the morning light a court poet, a Frenchman, named Hng to the young Aurora-for amongst

Nose haunts the spirits of the elder time Henry de Aranches, and Magistro

nder invisibly; and we will talk Henrico Versificator ; and wbo, by eath the quiet of the midnight sky, records in the Exchequer is supposed of ings and days departed, till to have had a salary of one hundred Vilfagë ot Steban Hethe (now called shillings a year.

Stepney,) used to resort to Goodman's Chaucer was contemporary with Pe. Fields (the only remains of which now trarch, and became acquainted with not built upon, is the Tenter Ground) him abroad. On Chaucer's retura to in search of a blade of grass of a reddish England he became Poet Laureat; tint; the charm being, that the fortuand in the twenty-second year of the nate finder got the husband of her reiga of Richard II. obtained a grant wishes within the mouth. of an annual allowance of wine. John Kay, in his dedication of the

THE INCONSISTENT. Siege of Rhodes to Edward IV. sub- WHEN I sent you my melons, you cried out with scribes himself his “humble Poet Lau

“ They ought to be heavy, and wrinkled and yellow;" reat;" and Skelton, who lived in the When I offered myself, whom these graces adom, reigns of Henry VII. and Henry VIII. You flouted, and called me an ugly old fellow. stlyes himself Skelton, Laureat. In the beginning of the reign of

THE MEETING. James I. Samuel Daoiel was Laureat;

HERE we meet, too soon to part, but though he was a man of abilities, Here to leave will raise a smart, Ben Jonson was employed to write

Here I'll press thee to my heart,

Where none have place above thee ; the court poems, which were so con

Here I vow to love thee well, nected with music that they were sung And could words unseal the spell, in masques and interludes, and gener

Had but language strength to tell,

I'd say how much I love thee. ally performed by the children who were singers at the Chapel Royal. On Here, the rose that decks thy door, the death of Daniel, in the year 1619,

Here, the thorn that spreads thy bow'r,

Here, the willow on the moor, Jonson was appointed his successor, The birds at rest above thee, and was granted an annual pension of Had they light of life to see, one hundred marks.

Sense of soul like thee and me, The children of James I. were all

Soon might each a witness be

How doatingly I love thee. well instructed in music, and were taught to sing the lines scientifically,

By the night sky's purple ether,

And by even's sweetest weather, which were written by the Laureat.

That oft has blest us both together, The King was very solicitous for them The moon that shines above thee, to sing and dance to true measure ; And shews thy beauteous cheek so blooming, and while they practised dancing pri

And by pale age's winter coming,

The charms, and casualties of woman, vately, to whistle in time to each other

I will for ever love thee. when they had no music.

In the year 1630, by letters patent On a gentleman in the habit of calling of Charles I. the pension of Poet Lau

every thing belonging to him the reat was augmented to one hundred

best in England." pounds per annum ; with an additional grant of one tierce of Canary Span- HS horses are the fleetest in the race, ish wine, to be taken out of the King's His slaught'ring gun is matchless in the field,

His dogs are ever staunchest in the chase,
store of wines yearly, and from time to And he in prowess to no man will yield:
time remainiog at or in the cellars with. Whate'er he has, he values as the best ;
in or belonging to his palace of White. Surely this man has been by fortune blest ;
hall.

And yet I never heard, upon my life,
One tender word in favour of his-wife!

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WHAT HAS BEEN THE PROGRESS AND SUCCESS OF AMERICAN LITERA

TURE AND POETRY ?

HA

AVING attempted to give a slight for the developement of poetical excel

sketch of the causes which retard lence. In almost every other situation the

progress of American literature, we in life in the labours of the scholarshall now enter into them a little more the dangerous path of the soldier-the narrowly, with a view more especially simple and healthy toils of the shepherd to their influence on poetry.

and the husbandman, there is matter The jotellectual progress of a nation from which the poetical mind can exis dependent on a thousand moral and tract ample and pleasant nutriment. But physical causes, amongst which the spi- in the mean and uninteresting details of rit of their governmnet, and above all, commercial transactions, in accounts the nature of their occupations, may be current, and balancings, and prices curreckoned the chief. The climate too, rent, in the rise and fall of the markets, to which Montesquieu attributes so and in nice calculations of profit and much, must undoubtedly have a con- loss, a man may seek and find his siderable effect on the mind; but this worldly advantage, but with it be too influence cannot be compared with that often acquires a narrow and contracted which the spirit of a nation's occupa- mind, which prevents him from making tions exerts. Nature, for the happiness a true use of those advantages which of man, has wisely ordained that we Fortune has placed in his power. We should insensibly accommodate ouro do not by any means wish to decry the selves to our situations; and thus our incalculable advantages which a country daily habits make an impression on our enjoys, from the possession of an exmind, similar to that which is produced tended and flourishing commerce, we on the surface of a stone, by the perpet- only assert that it is in vain to look for ual dropping of water. Hence any pur- enlarged and accomplished minds, in suit which requires continued and mi- those who follow such pursuits. All Dute attention, necessarily excludes oc- men cannot perform all things ; it is, cupations of a higher cast, and renders . therefore, perhaps too much to require the mind unfit to entertain expanded any vast mental exertion from these inand lofty thoughts. An exclusive pur- defatigable labourers, who so earnestly suit of one object, not only prevents seek to enrich themselves, and consethe mind from acquiring new ideas, but quently their country. also incapacitates it for the reception of In taking a view of American liter

ature we shall find it pretty much in this Of all occupations those of commerce, state. The Americans would, perhaps, especially in the detail, are le fitted vehemently deny it. They would say,

2H ATHENEUM VOL. 7.

them.

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