tates. Of other armies, beside that of has rendered homage to her supremacy. Cæsar, the battle-word has been “ Ve- Of the "three poets in three distant nus the victorious :" and the naviga- ages born,” the last in order and first in tors of the state-vessel have been too merit has raised a monument to the infrequently fascinated by the spell of a fluence of the “ last best gift of God," syren tongue. The influence of wo- which shall perish only with the calamiman, divested of the sybil garb of fabu- ties which she created, and “ the world” lous antiquity, was of itself sufficiently into which she“ brought death with all powerful to extend through the succes- our woe.” The discomfiture and dissive ages of the Roman Republic: and asters brought upon twenty kings and the sound which transferred the sceptre their hosts by the abduction of a priestof Assyria to the dynasty of Darius, ess, and the jealous resentments of her was elicited by the influence of female lover, exercise the gigantic genius of recollections.*

Homer; while the city of their foes is Science has received from the bands utterly consumed, and its inbabitaots of Beauty some of her sweetest wreaths. “ desoured by the sword,” to avenge To enumerate them all would be tres- the infidelity of a woman, and the ago passing on patience. We shall not there- gravating defence of the wrong. The fore, advert to the clue which has been second in time, and last in merit, sings furnished for the labyrinths of Algebra the charms by which the Queen of by a fair Italian ;t or to the additional of Carthage arrested the wayward prosatellite given to the royal star of Eng- gress of his whining and contemptible land (now mournfully eclipsed) by hero, who seduces and slights her affecthe exploring vigilaoce of Miss Eliza tions, and abandons her (by the will of Herschell. To the liberal curiosity of the Gods) to shame, despair and death. his “ fair countess” we are indebted for After having thus gallantly broken the Fontenelle's plurality of worlds. At heart of one woman, he cruises on her command he strewed with flowers (quo fata vocant) to cut with his unthe erratic wanderings of the comet and manly sword the solemn engagements the planet's pathway. He has detached of another ; and rewards the hospitalifrom science the thoros which had de- ty of Latinus by bringing upon his terred a delicate hand from plucking its aged queen the dreadful end of a heartroses. To the “ ravished ears” of broken maniac. The palled and scepTaste be has called down from heaven tred-muse of tragedy (over whose owa “the music of the spheres.". Io hon- catastrophe* we know not whetber we ourable competition England can never should lament or rejoice,) bas poured yield to a rival state. A learned chem- forth her most divine inspirations to ist of the present day has taught the display the finest features of the female world to offer its acknowledgments to character, and to wring the heart with Lady for the first part of his sympathy for the piteous afflictions and Chemical Essays :-His labours were fate of her heroine. I cannot envy that cheered by the smiles of his lady,ß man bis head or heart, who could witand amply remunerated by the ecstacies ness without agony the widowed griefs of a honeymoon. If the question could of Andromache or Almeria ; the playpot admit of malicious interpretation, ful, tender passion, and the melancholy we would ask, why his learned labours end of the fair Capulet; the suspected have been so long interrupted ? fidelity and retiring patience of the

meek bride of the Moor; and the Literature has toiled from infancy to chastening rebuke of virtue embodied erect imperishable trophies to the ge- and exalted in the character of Evadne. nius, the fate, and the influence of wo- The elegiac muse has “ wept herself to man, The majesty of the epic muse marble” over the urn of many a frail

• Vide Justin. lib. 1. cap. s.
+ Signora Maria Agnesa.

The Georgium Sidus.

The consequence of the retirement and mar riage of her last legitimat representative, Miss O'Neill.-1, decus! 1, nostrum !

flowret, of whose blossom earth was land, after he bad for four years given unworthy, and whose bloom was to to their feeble administration support, shed its fragrance for eternity in other energy, and protracted duration. Yet worlds. I blush for the virgin who is bis patrons were not reluctant to acsaid to inspire the effusions of erotic knowledge and reward bis services; poetry. From the days of Anacreon though they wisely retired from a vain to these of bis more gifted successor, contest with destiny in the shape of a too often has she prostituted her best woman. Swiit was nominated to the gifts in purveying to the basest passions, vacant See of Bath and Wells. His and delivered her lyre to be swept by patent was about to receive the last the fingers of Sensuality-while Virtue sanction of the Queen's signature, when languished or expired under the influ- the Duchess of Somerset rushed into ence of the infectious sounds which the presence, and prostrating herself, stole upon her ungnarded ear, Clio, implored her Majesty not to elevate the whose province it is to teach wisdom man who had lashed her with the keenin the lessons of experience, and to en est sarcasm, and loaded her with the ter upon record the mature and impar- foulest opprobrium. Queen Anne was tial judgments of time; the bistoric shocked by the perusal of the libel on muse forbids me to advert at present to lier Grace : and Swift was dragged her“ strong confirmation" of this theo- down from bis secure and triumphant ry; and promises to visit “me though ascent by the death-like grasp of an imunworthy," with the brief sketches placable woman. It would be difficult which she has made of the genius and to determine wbich was most fatal to the power of woman during niany ages the Dean of St. Patrick'sma woman's under different climates.

“ love or hate.” On bis return to IreIt is unnecessary to state that an au• land, the ascendancy over his heart was thor's writings image the character of contested by two ladies whom he had bis mind and the dispositions of bis particularly honoured with his intimacy heart, and that his views of nature and and attentions. Stella could not enof society are more contracted or ex- dure an equal ; Vanessa could not panded according to the station assigo- brook a superior. Miss Vanhomrigh ed to bim by his Creator. The anoals grasped at bis affections ; the ambition of literature give ample testimony to the of Miss Johnson aspired to the use of authority of woman over the mind and his bed and his name.

Vanessa was heart, the circumstances and fortunes of sent to an untimely tomb by his stern almost every author. The ambition or and abrupt barshness : and Stella sunk vanity of Addison urged him in an evil under the shame of specious concubibour to aspire to an ennobled bed. The nage. He consented at length to rearrogance of Lady Warwick drove him cognise her as his wife ; but death inforth to seek for more courteous society terfered with a divorce, and claimed in a tavern. He had recourse to wine the lovely bride for his own cold and for its momentary and fatal exhiliration, faithful embrace. The oak in the forand ultimately endeavoured to forget est* now stood on the blasted heath, its his domestic cares in sottish insensibili- top scathed by lightnings from Heaven, ty. The petulance of Mrs. Blount and its roots undermined by the more compelled Pope to cancel on his death. impure fires of earth. His heart was bed a friendship of many years, and to lacerated by remorse and his underfling back upon Mr. Allen, with his standing consumed by the spleent of cold hand, a favour which had testified disappointed ambition. He drooped his generous sincerity. Warburton was elevated by Miss Allen's partiality to a bridal bed, an opulent fortune, and Hath scath'd the forest oaks, or mountain pines, an episcopal throne. The Lords Bo With singed top tlieir stately growth, tho' bare,

Stands on the blasted heath." lingbroke and Oxford have been charg

Milton, P. L. 1.612. ed with ingratitude, for having sent

+ Cujus cor ulterius nequit lacerare sæva Vilis. Swift into honourable exile” in Jre- swift's Epitaph

- As when Heav'n's fine

into his grave in a state of drivelling ercised, his infirmities nursed, and his idiocy.

life prolonged by the lovely circle, of The mind of Johnson, which bad which it was his lot to be the centre. I been cheered and relieved while he know not wherber it be lawful to regret awkwardly fondled “his Tetty”--the that female attentions were successfully gambols of a whale-was again over- employed in giving protracted existcast with “ morbid melancholy" by the ence to another and a very different sad event of her death. A very blame- character. Gibbon gratefully acknowless species of vanity urged another ledges that life which quivered on bis lady to dissipate his thoughts by her infant lips, was fixed and invigorated attentions and volubility, and her opu- by the watchful tenderness of his aunt. lence enabled her to multiply his com- That worthy woman could form no forts, and minister to his large and lux- idea of the mischievous purposes to urious appetite. During a long inti. which that life was to be devoted, or of macy and correspondence, the parties the foolish sneers and impotent rage appear to have made a singular inter- with which its possessor would one day change of character.—Johnson's con- attack the most sacred and useful instant effort is to banish thought, to in- stitutions of his country. dulge frolick, and laugh care and mel The bench and the bar alone appear ancholy out of countenance. His let- elevated above this pervadiog iofuence. ters breathe nothing but airy levity and Woman is excluded from any share in flippant humour. Now he scatters the pleadings of the one, or the decihimself into volatility with the lady, sions of the other : and of secret inand presently he descends to very amia- Aluence the existence may fairly be deble playfulness with her children. Mrs. nied, as it has so long remained vadeThrale struggles with a buoyant and tected. But let not this admitted fact superficial mind to penetrate into the be hastily construed into a denial of the deep recesses oí thought, and to dis- sex's authority, The absence of the guise or deform ber natural gaiety (in- statues of Brutus and Cassius from a der the sombre and contracted brow of funeral procession only served to fill her hypochondriac friend. But her the minds of the spetators with more vanity was at length sated, or was com- vivid recollections of those martyrs of pelled to give way to stronger or more liberty.—And the exclusion of the fair importunate passions. This melan- sex from our courts of law, furnishes in choly and platonic lady appears still to reality the most unequivocal acknow have retained her capacity and love of ledgement of their predominant genius, enjoyment. The advice of Johnson and the most lowly homage to its suand of decency was rejected, and both premacy. During one of the provio. were rewarded with contempt and cial circuits of the last year, a cause abandonment. One of those foreign came on for trial, in which the female itinerants, who do us the honour to defendant* could prima facie claim no pocket our money, and laugh at our support from reason, from law, or from egregious folly, was adopted into the justice. But, through the heedless sufplace of the English “ Rambler" under ferance of the bench and bar, that hopea more tender name, and the more en- less case could boast of a female adeo. dearing relations of husband. To one cate. Counsel for the Crown stated female circle this world shall continue the case, the presiding judge expoundindebted, whilst the language of Eng- ed the law. The culprit had libelled land is understood, and its literature in the public journals a provincial studied and appreciated. “ The Task,” judge, by charging him with parand the sweetest productions of its au- tiality and corruption in the adminthor, we owe to the influence of the istration of justice. The defendant most amiable of their sex. Such boldly admitted the fact with which names claim immortality and honour sbe stood charged, and appealed by the worthiest titles. The mind of Cowper was sustained, his talents ex- ly called Mrs. Mary Anne Ticklewis. .

Mrs. Mary Anne Tucker. She has been facetious.

for her defence and justification to the of Aspasia. Her undisguised influence truth of her statements. In vain did was objected to bim by his enemies as his lordship“shake bis cerulean brows,” a crime. They suminoned him to anand reprobate this novel mode of pol. swer the charge before the public tribuTuting the ermise of his learned brother. nal. To the laboured and indignant In vain did he protest that, admitting accusation of his rivals he replied in the the facts which she affirmed, the law simplicity of ancient manners : he excould not suffer individuals to assume posed the naked bosom of Aspasia, and justice into their own hand, while it of- laying his band on it, be expostulated fered the remedy of action or impeach- in behalf of beauty, and of the genius ment in the courts above. His expo- by which it was animated and exalted. sition of the law was rejected : his pre- To the exquisite perceptions of an cedents and cases io point vanished be- Athenian tribunal this appeal was irrefore her ; his interruptions were un- sistible. Pericles was acquitted, and heard, uonoticed, or disregarded ; bis Aspasia reinstated in uncontrolled soveclamours were exhausted, and his pa- reignty. While they continued to rule tienee subdued by reckless and perse- the republic, the current of public afvering volubility. The bench sat con- fairs swelled with the full tide of prosfounded, and the bar stood aghast in perity. But with her seems to bave the presence of this commanding appa- expired the wisdom of her country, rition—and bench, bar, spectators-all with him its executive energy. Athens

"Lay vanquish'd, rolling in the fiery gulf has had cause to lament that Pericles * Confounded.”

and Aspasia had ever been born or ever Is it necessary to add, that the jury died. were compelled to return a triomphant The destinies of France have converdict for the fair defendant ?

stantly prevailed or exulted in the geTo recite the different instances of nius of woman. Mazarin was raised this paramount authority in the political from obscurity by female partiality. world, would be only to copy the volu- Richelieu reserving his talents for pubminous pages of history, with the su- lic affairs, founded bis authority on the peradded labour of tracing effects to firmer basis of female influence. The their real causes, and counsels to their hydra of revolution was conceived in proper authors.

The instances in an- the Salons of Paris ; and the character cient history are familiar to every mem- of the sex was forgotten, when they asory; the recital would pall upon the sisted at the monstrous birth. The anear with all the disgusting recollections archy of revolution overwhelmed all of pedantic monotopy. I shall refer to authority but that of woman; during one beautiful illustration of my argu- the administration of her busband, Madment from Athenian story, wbich bas ame Roland was the real minister of escaped the pollution of the pedagogue's the Interior. Amid the important toucb.

events of a later date, the politician's The personal charms of Aspasia calculations are confounded and his were rivalled only by the accomplish- conjectures baffled by this mysterious ments of her mind, and the creative agent. The revolt of the troops at energies of her genius. Pericles, the Lons-le-saulnier is acknowledged to eloquent, brave, and magnanimous have been the cause of Buonaparte's Pericles, bowed to the sceptre of Beau- re-establishment on the throne of ty. He estimated at their just value France. Louis might, with impunity, the einioent talents of bis mistress : his have violated the charter, and revoked administration was guided by the wis. the sale of the national domains, if Ney, dom of her councils. Order and pros- at the head of his troops, bad continued perity were established in Athens, and faithful to his allegiance. The pride of the authority of the republic was felt history is humbled while it seeks for a and acknowledged by rival states. cause commensurate with this decisive Pericles was too just and too generous event. As such it assumes the soldier's to appropriate the merits and the glory attachment to his chief, the prince of 13

Moskwa’s gratitude to his benefactor, creation. In the hour of his visitation, the patriot's indignation at the violated the Hebrew monarch was impelled to charters of his country. Let us listen phrenzy, perfidy, and crime ; while the to the language of the mareschal bim- other was exalted by divine enthusiself, “ I can no longer endure," said he, asm into the hero, the Decius of his

that my wife should return in tears country. When languishing in the lap every evening from the court, with con- of bis fair Philistine, the champioa STANT COMPLAINTS OF THE CONTEMPT whom God raised up in England's WITH WHICH SHE IS treated.” After emergency was shorn of bis strength. the first restoration, the Bourbon But remote from the sphere of her blanprinces and the old noblesse treated the dishments, when “ the Philistines were ladies, especially the princesses, of Bu- upon him,” he arose in his might, and onaparte's coure with marked disrespect. “smote them as the smiting of Midian:” Every occasion was grasped at to hum- he plucked down the pillar and prop of ble their pride by the haughtiness of their hopes, and buried them with their disdain, and mortify their vanity with presumption, himself and his frailties sneers of contempt. But these indig- under the same awful and magaificent nities were fearfully avenged. The ruin. Bourbon sceptre, which, like the staff During that period of his life which of Aaron, had blossomed anew, again preceded the battle of the Nile, Nelson withered under the frown of insulted, was distinguished by manly uprightness indignaot woman.

of mind, by strict and honourable atteoOf the late Lord Nelson, it was said tion to the duties of his profession, and in his day that he was "Dothing upon of society. He had been accustomed land." Respect is due to high station to give to vice its proper appellative, * and illustrious merit; but we trust that and to rebuke it with all the indignation our pages will ever award the meed of of honest integrity. The sophistry of severe and sober rebuke to every noto- passion had not yet taught himn to viorious violation of moral virtue and pub. late with unblest ecstacy the sanctity of lic decorum. This painful duty be- the ouptial bed, or to prefer to the pure comes iodispensably necessary when and living flame of chaste love, the such violation is sanctioned by the pat- cold and lucid lustre which emanates ronage of rank, and the abuse of the from the couch of corruption. But afbest gifts of Heaven. With the talents ter that brilliant opening of a series of which he possessed, and the natural vig, victories, of which the final achieveour of his mind, Lord Nelson must ment and its luminous recordt were have risen to relative eminence in any reserved for the martial and literary gedepartment of life. With such claims vius of a Hutchinson, the relations of to general capacity, no attempt has been Nelson with Womao assumed a new yet made to reconcile the facts upon form. Naples was the Capua, in which record that, though the latter years of the character of bis mind received a bis life, the meridian of his manhood, new stamp, his glory was tarpished, and were spent upon shore, he was never the care-worn and mutilated veteran distinguished, and never attempted to debased into a luxurious Sybarite. Undistinguish bimself, by eloquence in the fortunately he was too rash or too unsenate, by advising expeditions in coun- suspecting to flee from the fascinating cil, by nautical experiments or improvements, or by boldly making incursions • “I am sick of this country of pimps, fiddlers, in quest of other praise into provinces bawds, and eunuchs.”—Nelson's Letter to Sir . not his own. The fate of Nelson was pot dissimilar to that of Saul, and it was

+ See Lord Hutchinson's despatch on the battle of

Alexandria. We are not far advanced in military licequally melancholy. The energies of erature. In this instance literature appears to have the genii by which they were respect- disputed with victory, upon her own field, her supe ively visited, were quelled by the meló- rior claims to the genius of Hutchinson. His lordship dy of a human voice : but those genii lonely magnificence over the dead level of the wil

may be compared to the pillar, which lifts itself in -d to two different classes of derness." Vincenti corona !


« VorigeDoorgaan »