signifies pupper. In Ben. Jahn- lasted but a few days: it is son's Bartholomew Fair, it is fre- thought the monument abovequently used in that sense, or mentioned was for some boy rathor, perhaps, to fignify a pup- that died in office.--See the postpet shew; the master whereof humous works of Mr. John Gre. may properly be said to be an gory, 4to. Oxon. interpreter, as being the ex

Mr. HAWKINS, plainer of the inarticulate lan P. 234. -awful men.) This, I guage of the actors; the speech think, should be lawful, in oppoof the servant is an allufion to fition to lawless men. In judicial that practice, and he means to proceedings the word has this fay, that Silvia is a puppet, and sense.

Mr. HAWKINS. that Valentine is to interpret to,

P. 276. For Zenith, in the or rather, for her.

note, read youth. Mr. HAWKINS, P. 281. Lucio.—'tis my fa. P. 198. Here Silvia calls

miliar fin, her lover servant. And again, Wirb maids to seem the lapbelow, the calls him gentle fer wing, and to jeft. vant; this was the language of Tongue far from heart-] The ladies to their lovers, at the modern editors have not taken time when Shakespeare wrote, in the whole fimilitude here: and as the word is no longer they have taken notice of the used in that sense, would it not lightness of a spark's behaviour be proper to fix it by a note on to his mistress, and compared it this passage? Mr. Hawkins. to the lapwing's hovering and P. 227. -St. Nicholas be oby fluttering flying. But the chief,

speed.] That this Saint pre- of which no notice is taken, is, sided over young scholars, may and to jeft. (See Ray's Probe gathered from Knight's life verbs.) * The lapwing cries, of Dean Colet, p. 362. Por byTongue far from beart," moft, the statutes of Paul's school, farthest from the neft, . e. She there inserted, the children are is, as Shakespeare has it here, required to attend divine fer

Tongue far from heart. vice, at the cathedral, on his • The farther she is from her anniversary. The reason I take « nest, where her heart is with to be, that the legend of this “ her young ones, she is the faint makes him to have been

6 louder,

or, perhaps, all 2 bishop, while he was a boy, tongue.”

Mr. SMITH. At Salisbury cathedral is a mo Shakespeare has an expression nument of a boy bishop, and it of the like kind, Comedy of Eris faid, that a custom formerly rors, act iv. sc. iii. p. 246. prevailed there, of chusing, from Adr. Far from her nest, the among the choristers, a bishop, lapwing cries away, who actually performed the par My beart prays for him, the toral functions, and disposed of my tongue

di curse. such prebends as became va We meet with the same thought cant during his episcopacy, which in John Lilly's comedy, intitled,



Campospe, (first published in To draw with idle Spider's
1591, act ii, fc. ii.) from whence frings
Shakespeare might borrow it. Most pond"rous and fubftantial
Alexander to Hepheftion.

things; Alex. “Not with Timoleon meaning by ponderous and fub.

you mean, wherein you resemble flantial things, pleasure and the lapwing, who crieth most wealth. where her neft is not, and so P. 342. Clown. Sir it is a to lead me from spying your miflery, &c.) If Mr. Warburton love for Campaspe, you cry had attended to the argument by * Timoclea.” Dr. Gray. which Bawd proves his own proP. 318. feffion And follies dotb fesfion to be a mistery, he would

not have been driven to take reAs faulcon doth tbe fowl.] Qu. fuge in the grouodlefs fuppofifaulconer.

Dr. GRAY. tion,“ that part of the dialogue P. 328. Lucio, -ha? what had been lost or dropped.”

says thou trot?] It should The argument of the Hangbe read, I think, what SayA man is exa&ly fimilar to that of thou to'l? the word trot being the Bawd. As the latter puts seldom (if ever) used to a man. in his claim to the whores, as

Old trot or trat, fignifies a members of his occupation, and, decrepit old woman, or an old in virtue of their painting, would drab. In which sense it is used enroll his own fraternity in the by Gawin Douglas, Virgil's Æ- mistery of painters; fo the fornead, book iv.

mer equally lays claim to the Out on the old trat, agit' thieves, as members of his occuuyffe, or dame."

pation, and, in their right, en

Dr. GRAY. deavours to rank his brethren, Trot, or as it is now often the hangmen, under the mistery pronounced honest trout, is a fa- of fitters of apparel, or taylors. miliar address to a man among The reading of the old editions the provincial vulgar,

is therefore undoubtedly right; P. 331. Clackdish.] The beg. except that the last speech, which gars, two or three centuries ago, makes part of the Hangman's used to proclaim their want by a argument, is by mistake, as the wooden dish, with a moveable reader's own fagacity will readily cover, which they clacked, to perceive, given to the Clown, or thew that their vessel was emp. Bawd. I suppose, therefore, the ty. This appears in a passage poet gave us the whole thus: quoted on another occasion by

“ Whor. Sir, it is a misiery.

“ Clown. Proof P. 336. The Revijal reads " Whor. Every true man's thus,

apparel fits your thief: If it be How may such likeness trade in

too litrie for your thief, pour crimes,

true man ih nks it big enough. Making practice in the times,

If it be tio big for year obict,


Dr. Gray.



your thief thinks it little enough, P. 406.-Tryconclufions.] Two To every true man's apparel fits of the quarto's read confufions, your thief."

which is certainly right, because I must do Mr. Warburton the the first thing Launce does, is to justice to acknowledge, that he confuse his father by the direchath rightly apprehended, and sions he gives him. explained the force of the Hang

Mr. Steevens. man's argument.

REVISAL. P. 408. - Your child that P. 345.- hat spirie's postes jhall be.) Launce, by your with bafte,

child that all be, means, that his That wounds the unfisting por- duty to his father shall, for the

tal with these prokes.] Such future, few him to be his child. is the reading of the original co It was rather become necessary py, from which later editors for him to say something of that have coined unreffling, and un sort, after all the tricks he had refling. I believe that the true been playing him. word is unlifening, the deaf por


P. 416. Laun. Then it was not P. 349. Tie the beard ] The

for nothing that my nose fell a Revisal recommends Mr. Simt bleeding on Black Monday laft.) fon's emendacion, die the beard; Black Monday" is a moveable the present reading may well day, it is Easier Monday, and ftand.

so called on this occafion. P. 369. Informal women.] I " In the 34th of Edward III. think, upon further enquiry, (1360) the 14th of April, that informal signifies incompetent, " and the morrow after Easternot qualified to give ieftimony. day, king Edward, with his

Of this use I think there are “bost, lay before the city of precedents to be found, though I Paris; which day was full cannot now recover them. “ dark of mist and hail, and so P. 323. there is the Count “ bitter cold, that many men

Palatine.] I make no doubt “ died on their horses backs but the Count Palatine was some “ with the cold. Wherefore, character notorious in Shake unto this day, it hath been speare's time. When Sir Epi. “ called the Blacke-Monday.". cure Mammon, in the Alchemifi, Stowe, p. 264-6. Dr. Gray, is promising Face what great P. 424.--Your mind of love.) things he will do for him, he This imaginary corruption is refays, he shall be a Count, and moved by only putting a comadds Nily, ay, a Count Palatine. ma after mind. Mr. LANGTON. The editor of Johnson has taken P. 446. Whoje fouls do bear no notice at all of the passage, an equal yoke of love.] An nor observes that the latter part egal yoke of love."

Fol. of the line should be spoken afide, 1632. Egal, I believe, in Shakewhich the character of Sir Epic Speare's time, was commonly used cure would have justified him in for equal. doing. Mr. STEEVENS. So it was in Chaucer's. VOL. VIII,


P. 454.

" Aye to compare unto thyne and Juliet, which, by the date "excellence,

appears to be much older than " I will presume hym fo to Shakespeare's time. It is re“ dignifie,

markable, that all the particu“ Yet be notegal."

lars in which that play differs Prolo ue to the Remedy of Love. from the story in Banke!lo, are So in Gorbodac.

found in this ballad. But it “ Sith all as one do bear you may be faid, that he copied this

egall faith.” Dr. Gray. flory as it stands in Paynter's P. 454. Read thus;

Pallace of Ple fure, 1567, where -cannot contain their urine. there is the same variation of cirFor a jellions,

cumstances. This, however, Mafiers of pallion, sway it to fhews us that Shakespeare did not the 77.003

first alter the original story for Of what it likes or loaths. the worse, and is at least a pre

As for affection, those that sumptive proof that he never know to operate upon the pass saw the Italian. fions of men, rule it by making Shakespeare alludes to the tale it operate in obedience to the of king Cophetua and the beggar, notes which please or disgust it. more than once.

This was a It'oolen bagpipe.] ballad; the oldest copy of which, This pallage is clear from all that I have seen, is in “ AC cwr difficulty, if we read fwoln bag. garlund of golden roses gathered pipe; which, that we should, I out of England's royall garhave not the least doubt.

den, 1612." The coliector Mr. HAWKINS. of this miscellany was Richard P. 488. The Merchant of Ve- Johnson, who compiled, from nice.] The antient ballad, on various romances, THE SEVEN which che greater part of this play CHAMPIONS. This story of Cois probably founded, has been phetua was in high vogue, as mentioned in Olfervations on the appears from our author's manFairy Queen, 1. 129.

Shake ner of introducing it in Love's Spare's track of reading may be Lnbour loj, Aa iv. sc. i. As traced in the common books likewise from John Marston's Saand popular stories of the times, tires, called the Scourge of Villafrom which he manifestly de- nie, printed 1598, viz. rived most of his plots. Histo Go buy some ballad of the rical songs, then very fashion fairy king, able, often suggested and recom And of tbe BEGGAR WENCH mended a subject. Many of his Some regie thing. Sign. B. z. incidental allusions also relate to The first stanza of the ballad bepieces of this kind; which are gins thus, now grown valuable on this ac I read, that once in Africa count only, and would other A prince that there did wise have been deservedly for

raine, gotten. A ballad is ftill re Who had to name Cophetua, maining on the subject of Rimeo As peets they do faine, &c.



The'prince, or king, falls in could not escape an oblique stroke love with a female beggar, of satire from his envious friend, whom he sees accidentally from Bin Johxson, in the comedy the windows of his palace, and called, The Devil's an Afi, Act afterwards marries her. [Sign. ii. fc. iv. D. 4.] The song, cited at “ Fitz-dot. Thomas of Wordlength by the learned Dr. Gray, stock, I'm fure, was duke: and on this subject, is evidently fpu “ he was made away at Calice, rious, and much more modern duke Humfrey was at Bury. than Shakespeare's time. The

" And Richard ihe Third, you name Cophetua is not once men • know what end he came to. tioned in it. Notes on Shak. vol. “ Meer-er. By my faith, you're ii. p. 267.

cunning in the Chronicle. However, I suspect, there is Fitz dot. No. I confess, I some more genuine copy than « ha’t from the play-books, and that of 1612, which I before " think they're more authene mentioned. But this point may

6 tick," be, perhaps, adjusted by an in In Antony Wood's collection of genious enquirer into our old ballads, in the Ajhmelan Mufe, English literature, who is now I find one with the following publishing a curious collection title. " The lamentable and of antient ballads, which will tragical historie of Titus Anilluftrate many passages in Shake " di oricus, with the fall of his Jpeare.

“ five and twenty íons in the I doubt but he re wars with the Goths, with the ceived the hint of writing on “ murder of his daughter Laking Lear from a Ballad of that " vinia, by the emprefies two subject. But in most of his « sons, through the means of a historical plays he copies from bloody Moor taken by the Hall. Hollin fhead, and Slowe, “ sword of Titus in the war: his the reigning historians of that

revenge upon their cruell and age. And although these chro " inbumane acte." nicles were then universally " You noble minds, and faknwn and read, he did not mous martial wights." scruple to transcribe their mate. The use which Shakespeare might rials with the most circumstan- make of this piece is obvious. tial minuteness. For this he


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NOTES to the SECOND VOLUME. P. 62. Unquestionable spirit.] P. 92. The Revisal justly obMay it not mean unwilling to serves, that the affair of foisonbe conversed with ?

ing Overbury did not break out Mr. CHAMIER. till 1615, long after Shakespeare P. 72. In the note, for ar- bad left the Stage. rou's mark, read hollow mark. P. 93. And you fair ffer.]



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