Apologie of Poetrie, written 1590. Third is here alluded to by Har. and prefixed to the translation of ringion, that a play on this subAriosto, says. that a tragedy of ječ preceded our author's. Richard i be Tbird had been acted

Mr. WARTON. at Cambridge. His words are, P. 386. I am the fbadow, &c.] For tragedies, to omit other There may another explana“ famous tragedies, that which tion be given somewhat harsh,

was played at St. John's in but the belt that occurs to me. Cambridge, of Richard the I am the shadow of poor BuckingThird, wou'd move, I think, ham, while figure even this inPhalaris the tyrant, and cer- ftant it puts on, whose port and “ rifie all tyrannous minded dignity is assumed by this cardi.

men, &c." He most pro- nal that overclouds and oppresbably means Shakespeare's; and if ses me, and who gains my place, so, we may argue, that there is by darkening my clear fun. some more antient edition of this

Sennet was an inplay than what I have mention- ftrument of musick, as appears ed; at least this thews us how from other places of this auearly Shakespeare's play appear- thour, but of what kind I know ed: or if some other Richard the not.

P. 421.


P. 18. For the plague of cuf- engine is, in Chaucer, to strain upon tom, we may read by a very easy the rack. change, the place of custom. The P. 42. Of fifty to disquantity place which custom, and only your train ) Mr. Pope procustom, not nature, hath allotted poses a little in the room of fifty, me.

J. SIMPSON, Esq; and gives as his reason for the P. 18. Thou, nature, art my change, that the number (as the

goddess ;] Dr. Warburion editions tood) was no more spe(for the fake of introducing an cified by Goneril

. oftentatious noie) says, that If Mr. Pope had examined the Shakespeare has made his bastard copies as accurately as he prean Abeill; when it is very plain tended to have done, he would that Edmurd only speaks of na have found in the first filio that ture in oppofition to cußom, and Lear, after these words, not (as he supposes) to the ex To have a shankless child-og", iltence of a God.

go, my people; Mr. STEEVENS. has an exit marked for him, and P. 41. Like an engine wrench'd goes out while Albany and Gi.

my frane f nature.] Mr. Ed. neril have a short conference of wards conjectures that an engine two speeches, and then returns is the rack. He is right. To in a fill grcáter pasion, having


been informed (as it should seem) " makes his people swear at ranof the express number without. “ dom," nor has he done so What! fifty of my followers at here ; though I cannot believe a clap?

he received any assistance from This renders all change needless, mythology, to furnith out a proand away, away, being restor- per oath for Glofter. People aled, prevents the repetition of go, ways address the Gods as they go, my people; which, as the text would have them thew them. now stands, concludes both that selves at that time in their faand the foregoing speech. Go- voor; and he accordingly calls nerit with great art avoids to those kind Gods, whom he would mention the limited number, and wish to find so in this instance, leaves him to be informed of it by Our own liturgy will sufficiently accident, which she knew would evince the truth of this suppobe the case as soon as he left her fition.

Mr. STEE VËNS. presence. Mr. STEEVENS, P. 110. As flies to wantor P. 62. He wears cruel gar boys, are we to th' Gods ;/

ters.] I believe a quibble They kill us for their sport.-) It was here intended. Creuel fig- may not be unentertaining to the nifies worsted, of which stockings, reader to have an opportunity of garters, night caps, &c. are made, seeing how differently this idea and is used in that sense in Beau- has been expressed by three great mont and Fletcher's Scornful Lady, poets of different ages. . act ii,

Dii nos quafi pilas homines ba" For who that had but half bent. « his wits about him,

Plaut. Captiv, Prol. L., 22. Would commit the counsel Ludit in humanis di-vina poten“ of a serious sin

tia rebus. “ To such a crewel night-cap." Ovid. Lib.4. de Ponto Eleg. 3. Mr. STEEVENS.

Mr. STEEVENS. P. 92.

Mice and rais and such P. 122. Therefore I do advise Small deare


take this nole Have been my food for seven My lord is dead; Edmund and long yeur-] Warburton, in

I have talk'd, Itead of deare, proposes géare; but And more corvenient is he for I have discovered that these two lines are taken from an old black Tban for your lady's; you may letter'd romance of St. Beyvys of gather more. Hamplon, 4to. printed for Wila If you do find bim, pray you give liam Copland, in which occurs him this; this passage, stated within ralts, And when your mistress bears

Mr. Percy. thus much from you, P. 102. By the kind Gods.-] I pray desire her call her wifDr. Warburton is of opinion that dom to her.] This passage, Shaki/peare, by the kind Gods, by a word's being left out and a means the dii hospitales. I agree word misplaced, and a full stop with him, that the Poet "never put where there should be but a


my hand,

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comma, has led all our editors had no letter from Regan, bet into a very great miftake; as only a message to be delivered by will, I hope, appear, when we word of mouth to Edmund earí proceed a little further in the of Glofter. So that it is not to same play. The emendation is be doubted, but the last passage as follows:

should be read thus. “ Therefore I do advise you, “ And give the letter, which take note of this,

o thou find'It about me, “My lord is dead, &c.

“ To Edmund earl of Gl’fter.If you so find him, pray Edg. "Let's see these pockets; you give him this."

is the letter that he speaks i. e, this answer by word of mouth. The editors, not fo re “'May be my friends."gardful of confiftency as they

Thus the whole is connected, ought to have been, ran away clear, and confiftent. with the thought, that Regan de

Dr. Gray. livered a letter to the steward ; P. 125. Edg. Had's thou been whereas the only desired him to ought but goss’mer fearbers, give, or deliver so much by word air, of mouth. And by this means Tbou’dst fiver'd like an egg, &c.] anather blunder, as egregious as Golomore, the white and cobthe former, and arising out of it, web-like exhalations that Hy presents itself to view in the same about in hot funny weather. act, sc. ix. p. 121.

Skinner says, in a book called « And give the letters, which the French Gardiner, it fignifies

“ thou find'ít about me, the down of the fow-chiftle, which “ To Edmund earl of Glo'ster, is driven to and fro by the wind. &c.

“ As sure some wonder on the Edg. “Let's see these pockets, “ cause of thunder, is the letters that he speaks

« On ebb and food, on gof

foner and milt,
May be


“ And on all things, till that Reads the letter.

6 the cause is wift" Observe, that here is but one

Dr. GRAY. letter produced and read, which P. 128. --for the fall'd borse is Gonerils. Had there been one

Goes to's with a mare riotous of Regan's too, the audience no appetite.] Soyld horse in all doubt should have heard it as the other editions I believe, and it well as Goneril's. But it is plain, is a term now ufed for a horse that from what is amended and ex. has been fed long with hay and plained above, that the steward corn in the stable, and in spring

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The like expresion, Twelfth Night, act ii, fc. iv, vol. iij.

P. 168.

Sir Tody. “ Challenge me the Duke's youth, to fight with him; “ hurt him in eleven places; my niece hall take note of it.



• kinne at once,

has fresh grass carried to him thi. omitted in all; by which means ther, upon which he feeds gree. the bastard is made to deny that dily.

Dr. GRAY. fatly at first, which the poer only P. 136. -Restoration hang meant to make him evade, or

Tby medicine on my lips ) Dr. return flight answers to, till he Warburton says that Cordelia in, is urged so far as to be obliged vokes the goddess of health, Hy- to shelter himself under an imgicia, under the name of Reflo- mediate falfhood. ration ; but I believe the reader

Mr. STEVENS. will join with me in thinking, P. 145. The goujeres phall conthat if Shakespeare meant any

sume then flesh and felle} goddess in this place, it was one Both flesh and skin. of his own making ; for we may

So Skelton's works, p. 257. suppose the Pantheons of that age “ Nakyd afyde (from whence most probably he “ Neither fiesa nor fell." furnished himself with his know- Chaucer useth fell and bones, for ledge in mythology) were not so skin and bones. particular as to take notice of “ And said that he and all his the secondary deities; and the Poet, had he been acquainted “ Were worthy to be brent with her name, would certainly “ with fell and bone." have called her by it. Reflora

Troilus and Crefeide, 1.91. tion means no more than reco

Dr. GRAY, tery personified.

P. 170. In the note, for or
Mr. Steevens. art, read of art.


P. 175. In the note, for well fifter?

be him, read well be he. Edm. In honour'd love.) After P. 320. the enemies caftle.] this line, the quarto of 1608 The Revisal affirms, and, I think,

continues the dialogue thus; and proves, that cask is right. · I see no reason why it should be

Get me a ladder. ] omitted.

Mr. Theobald has very officiously Reg. But have you never found transplanted this half line into my hrother's way

the mouth of Lucius, and desires To the fore-fended place ? to know why the Moor, who Balt. That thought abuses you. wanted to have his child faved, Reg. I am doubtful inat you should ask for a ladder. bave been conjunct

Auron very properly answers, And b-fom'd with her, as far get me a ladder, that is, hang as we call hers.

me, but spare my child. Could Baft. No, by mine honour, ma

any circumstance few a greater dam.

desire of saving his child than The first and last of these speeches the offer of himself in its room? are inserted in Sir 7. Hanmer's, Aaron knows he must die, and and I believe in Theobald's and being quite careless about it, Dr. W'arburton's editions ; but would only haften that which he zhe two intermediate ones are lees is anavoidable a: lait, to


104 not love

P. 347;


P. 440

make it the means of saving his not yet attained. The death of own offspring. Mr. STEEVENS. the king only could neither insure P. 340. Marc. My lird, I the crown to Macbeth, nor ac.

am a mile beyond ibe moon.] complish any other purpose, while My lord, I ayme a mile beyond the bis fons were yet living, who

had therefore just reason to ap. Folios 1623, and 1632. prehend they should be removed

Dr. Gray, by the same means. The design P. 405. -thou found and to fix the murder on some innocent

firm-fit carih.] A corrupt perfon had taken effect, for it was reading will sometimes direct us already adjudged to have been to find out the true one. The done by the grooms, who apfirft folio has it.

peared intoxicated, even after it -bou sowie and form-fet earth. was discovered, and during that This brings us very near the right ftate, were sopposed, at firft, to word, which was evidently meant have been guilty of it ; though to be,

the flight of Malcolm, and his --shou sure and form-set earth, brother, afforded Macbeth after

Mr. STEEVENS. wards a fairer pretext for laying Certainly right.

it to their charge. P. 408. Macbeth, Sleep that

Mr. STEEVENS. knits up the ravelled fleeve of

For indicet, read care.]' To confirm the in- indiget. genious conjecture that fleeve P. 468.-bell is murky.] Lameans fleaved, folk ravelled, it is dy Macbeth is acting over, in a observable, that a poet of Shake- dream, the bufiness of the murSpeare's age, Drayton, has al- der, and encouraging her hulluded to it likewise, in his quest band, as when awake. She, of Cyntbia.

therefore, would never have “'At length I on a fountain said any thing of the terrors of light,

hell to one whose conscience the " Whose brim with pinks was faw was too much alarmed alrea“ platted,

dy for her purpose. She cer. “ The banks with daffadillies tainly imagines herself here talk“dight,

ing to Macbeth, who (the fup“ With grass, like sleave, was poses) has just said, hill is mure " matted,"

ky, (i.e. hell is a dismal place to Mr. LANGTON,

go to, in consequence of fuch a Tkis murd'rous

deed) and repeats his words in Jhafi ibar's foot

contempt of his cowardice. Harb not yet ligbred-] The Hell is wurky! - Fie, fie, ay Naft has not yet ligbted, and lord, &c. though it has done mischief in This explanation, I think, its fight, we have reajon to ap. gives a spirit to the paffage, prebend fill more before it bas which, for want of being un. pent its force and falls to the derliood, has always appeared ground.

The end for which languid on the flage. che murder was committed, is


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P. 419.

P. 472.

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