lords, her adherents. Little argument was d'Artois, who had been sent to command the necessary at this protracted period of fatigue English, having been badly wounded, was and suspense, to over persuade these nobles. conveyed home. Allared by the promise of personal safety, Enraged at the death of this valiant solwhich the bishop was empowered to concede dier, which occurred almost immediately upfrom the leader of the French force, his on bis arrival in England, King Edward denephew, and possessing, after all, but a sec- termined to go in person to the assistance of ondary interest in the question, the sad his fair ally. But his presence was producmoment had arrived when the countess must tive of no actually favorable results, and his behold her whole intentions abandoned, and enterprise concluded by a somewhat comproperhaps be dragged to a prison with the child mising treaty. for whom she was so heroically struggling. Certain epochs are productive of particuThe French troops were actually marching lar virtues, and it is more frequent to witness to take possession, when the countess, whose a constellation of rare merit than a solitary eges had been riveted upon the sea, and who star. The Countess de Montfort's example had with desparing energy proclaimed the raised, or at least immediately preceded two change of the wind to a quarter favorable to similar characters—the wife of Charles de her hopes, rushed from the turret where sbe Blois, who, almost under the same circumhad taken her position, with the joyful exclama- stances, and with equal valor, as well as suc. tion,—“ I see the succor! I see the English cess, took her husband's place later in the vessels! No capitulation !" Joyously the war, and the English Queen Philippa. Durincarcerated and worn towns-people ran to ing this absence the Queen of England, mounted the ramparts—the good tidings were con- upon her white charger, formed a brilliant firmed-glory again shone upon the invigo- and spirited picture of womanly energy. rated gaze of the lately complaining garrison. We can scarcely imagine, during the tediThe English forces, headed by Sir Walter ous interval of suspense and anxiety, the sufManny, entered the town, and were enthu- ferings of the unfortunate De Montfort, imsiastically received by the lady and her sol. mured in a hopeless captivity, and possibly diers, the treacherous bishop having taken in perfect ignorance of the struggles and erhimself off

. But a large machine arrived ploits of his heroic wife. Her active prowess shortly afterward, the result of the informa- afforded her something like distraction to the tion of the ecclesiastic, which, we read, never grief of separation from her husband; but ceased, night nor day, from casting stones the poor prisoner in the Louvre could but into the city; and this was, perhaps, a more brood painfully over his present position, and alarming neighbor than even bis lordship anticipate the worst event. His release had himself.

been the first condition stipulated for by the Some months after this, and when a truce King of England at the time of truce, but had been concluded until the following sum- the French monarch chose to violate the mer, the Countess de Montfort, accompanied terms, and keep bim a close prisoner. by her son, paid a visit to the English court, To the great joy of the countess, and towhere she desired to present him to his future tally without any expectation of such bappifather-in-law, and hoped to arrange some ness, De Montfort contrived and executed his plan for the delivery of her husband from escape. Disguised as a peddler, he eluded captivity.

the vigilance of his enemies, and made the Not Jong, however, did she absent herself best of his way to the English court. Here, from the scene of action. Obtaining further receiving fresh offers of cordiality from King assistance from King Edward, she embarked Edward, he tarried only long enough to muson her return homeward. On the seas an ter a small force, and hastened to recross the encounter took place with some hostile ships, sea, and join the woman who had proved so which was only put a stop to by a storm sep- admirable a mate for his high and noble arating the two feets: the countess chose spirit. But what must have been the agony to take her usual conspicuous part in the ac- which this devoted wife endured, after the tion, and with " a trusty sharp sword in her first raptures of receiving back the object of hand” combated bravely. Vannes was the her constant and unwearied efforts to sucfirst town taken by the friends of the im- cess! Captivity and grief had done their prisoned duke, and here his intrepid wife en- work : the fine lineaments of the count were tered with great rejoicings; it was, however, irrevocably tarnished by disease—the tenshortly after recovered, and the Lord Robert I derness of Jane, formerly omnipotent, failed

to bring a smile to his wan lip, or a flash to engage the widow's jaded spirit. In the bis heavy and languid eye-the sword had | bright summer-time, when every thing was rusted out, and the days of " le bon Jehan,” | preparing for the majority of the young duke as his faithful people delighted to term him, in the following year, (which was to herald were numbered. A few months he lingered his departure with his duchess for Brittany, —they passed—and the Countess de Mont- to take possession of his long.contested dofort stood a widow upon the soil for the pos- main,) Mary of England was seized with a session of which she had so long warred. If disorder which sapped the springs of life, we may judge of her feelings at that sad and consigned her, within a few weeks, to an moment of her loss, it must have appeared early grave. a poor and valueless conquest; yet motive Little further remains to be told of the for action still remained in the young son of subject of our memoir. The Countess de this spirited pair. Jane de Montfort's was Montfort's checkered and turbulent career not a temperament to resign itself to supine had nothing in store to force her into that and heedless grief. The castle of Tickhill, prominent position that she had occupied in in Yorkshire, received the bereaved mother her earlier days. It is probable that, having and her child, and here she continued to once held so distinguished a role in the long scheme and plot, varying her residence by contest between France and England, she visits to the English court, and to the shores continued until her death to take interest, if of France, as seemed most advisable for the not an actual share, in the agitating events interest of the young heir of Bretagne. The of the period; but she retired to the CháPrincess Mary of England, betrothed to this teau of Lucinio, near Vannes, where the reprince, was the companion of his childish mainder of her life was spent in comparative years, and it is possible that warmer feelings quiet. Her son inherited her brave and than were usual, in state marriages of the dauntless spirit, and, as John the “Valiant,” period, grew up between them. The count is familiar to every reader. He was twice ess (or the Duchess de Bretagne, as she was married after the unhappy termination of his styled in England) had therefore more than first nuptials, and left a numerous progeny common satisfaction in seeing her son united to dispute the heritage of their forefathers, to his long affianced bride at Woodstock; and share that fated imprisonment and strugbut not long were the brilliant auguries and gle apparently inseparable from scions of the actual happiness of this marriage suffered to royal line of Bretagne.

Vesuvius.-- The Neapolitan correspondent be swallowed up in the abyss. To the geoloof the Athenæum writes :-" The expecta- gist the present appearance of Vesuvius must tions of the visitors have been much raised be very interesting, as the cut through the by the prospect of an eruption of Vesuvius. crater is so clear and deep as to reveal Indeed, for a year past there have been pre distinctly the several stratifications. The dictions and appearances of such an event, usual path to the cone is now interrupted, though at present they have assumed a and great care is required not to approach greater probability. On the top of the cone too near the precipice, as the soil is ready to of Vesuvius, says an accurate observer, a be precipitated into the same abyss which large and deep abyss has opened, from which has already thrown out so much material. issues much smoke. It lies near the base of The old guides say that every thing indicates the Punta del Palo, the name given to one an approaching eruption; but as yet the of the three craggy points at the top of the smoke does not issue with a sufficient impecone facing the north. Its diameter is about tus, perhaps, to justify that belief. Indeed, 100 metres, and depth somewhat more. Its

the present



be only vapor arising walls present a series of strata of basalt, from the copious rains which have fallen broken, however, for the reason that a part through the various fissures into a higher of the interior of the crater has fallen in. The temperature, and are being again ejected in soil surrounding this abyss presents wide fis- another form. Should the Punta del Palo sures, showing that a great part of it threat- fall in, the strongest point in the top of Vesuens to sink in ; and, indeed, a considerable vius will be wanting, and the form of the space about the Punta del Palo must shortly mountain will be altogether changed.”

From Chambers' Journal.


We have lying before us a recent number | ences which have occurred from time to time of the New Era and Weekly Argus, a news- between the Roman Catholic and Protestant paper printed at Honolulu, island of Oahoo, missionaries, and the jealousies and struggles one of the Hawaiian group-better known to for predominancy between the American, many of our readers as the Sandwich Islands. | English, and French consuls and settlers, the Ere proceeding to give some account of this little kingdom has really been very judiciousremarkable voucher of the prosperity and ly governed on the whole, considering its civilization of the country which has been antecedents, and its unique position and charapply termed the Heart of the Pacific, it acier. Its trade and commerce is increasing may be interesting to trace briefly the mod at a very rapid ratio; and according to some ern history of the islands, which are certain recent writers, the decrease in native populaly destined ai no distant period to become an tion is likely to cease ere long, altbough others important and powerful maritime state. predict, that by slow and sure degrees the

The whole group is of volcanic origin, and race of pure-blooded aborigines will become on Hawaii is the largest active volcano in the altogether extinct. Mr. Jarves, the able hisworld. The mountains attain the enormous torian of the islands, declares that “this height of 14,000 feet, and the general scenery group is capable of supporting a dense popuof the islands is picturesque and beautiful. lation. With the exception of metals, its Even thirty years ago, upwards of Afty natural resources are sufficient to meet all whaling.ships have been in the harbor of its necessities.” It is, however, the remarkHonolulu at one time. At the present day, ably advantageous geographical position of hundreds of whalers, chiefly from the United the islands, which is certain eventually to States, Sydney, and Hobart Town, annually render them populous, and exceedingly imvisit the ports of Honolulu and Lahaina. In portant possessions. “Their position," says .

” 1820, the first missionaries landed at Hawaii, Jarves, “is central to both the neighboring idolatry having already been abolished by continents, being nearly equidistant from the will of the king, and of a number of the Central America, Mexico, California, and the leading chiefs and priests. From this period north west coast, on the one side, and the eivilization progressed steadily and surely. In Russian dominions, Japan, China, and the a few years, many churches were erected, Philippine Islands, on the other. When a schools were established, printing presses civilized and enterprising population shall were at work issuing books in the native lan- have developed the resources of these counguages; England, France, America, Spain, tries, these islands will bear the same relative Russia, and other countries, had resident importance to them, in proportion to their consuls; a considerable trade sprang up; extent, that the West Indies now do to and the whole group was rescued from the North and South America." We are inclined slough of gross and degrading superstitions. to anticipate a far more magnificent destiny Suffice it, that at the present time the Ha- for the islands than that indicated by their waiian Islands form a recognized independ historian. In less than another generation, ent kingdom, possessing a regular con-titu. they will become one of the greatest depôts tion, code of laws, and system of government. of commerce in the world. Australia was The power of the king is limited, and he is comparatively unimportant in relation to the aided by ministers of different departments Hawaiian group at the time Mr. Jarves wrote, of stale to administer the laws and govern but the case is very different now. bis kingdom. The laws themselves are en- And now for our newspaper

one of the acted by a House of Representatives, chosen two or three weekly broadsheets published by the people, and by a House of Nobles. at Honolulu. Of its contemporaries, we Notwithstanding the various unhappy differ-'only know that one, The Polynesian, is the semi-official organ of_government. The wear, can be procured at Honolulu—for a number of the New Era before us bears. consideration. Literature, we regret to add, date June 8, 1854. It is a paper of four appears to be at a discount! At any rate, pages, somewhat smaller in size than the there is not a single bookseller's advertiseLondon Globe, yet its price is 12 cents per ment, although there certainly is one of the copy, or six dollars per annum, paid in ad- “Honolulu Circulating Library Association,"

So high a price indicates a very which announces that “donations, whether small circulation, or else great expense of of books or money, will be most thankfully production. In its general appearance it received.” Only one advertisement is given precisely resembles an Ameriean local news- both in English and Hawaiian, being an inpaper, but it is well printed, on shabby timation “ by command of the king,” to the paper. Nothing conveys a better idea of a effect that it has pleased the king to apstrange place than a copy of the local news point William Webster, Esq., Assistant Agent paper. _A glance over the columns of the for the sale and letting of His Majesty's New Era, gives the coup de grâce to any lands, and for the collection of all rents due lingering romantic fancies associated with the and accruing for the same." There are also name of Honolulu, and that of the island of a couple of noticeable advertisements which Oahu, of which it is the capital. We are announce the forthcoming meetings of the struck with the one pervading idea, that Excelsior Lodge of Ancient Foresters - or Honolulu is a place where business traffic perhaps Shepherds, for a couple of crooks ordinary, prosaic buying, selling, and ex- are affixed, and the letter-press is somewhat changing – is the general, if not the sole, mystical to us—and of a lodge of freemasons. pursuit of the people. All that meets our It is easy to see from the advertisements, eye in the paper has some connection with that many of them are addressed more esdollars and cents. At the outset we count pecially to the captains of ships entering or one hundred and seventy-five advertisements, calling at the port. In fact, not merely does occupying thirteen out of the twenty columns Honolulu supply hundreds of ships annually of the paper. These advertisements are ad- with what they need for their own crews, dressed to all whom it may concern, by but it is a grand depôt where whole cargoes tradesmen, merchants, and professional men of miscellaneous goods are bought by vessels of all kinds. A dozen or more hotels solicit from all countries bordering on the Pacific, public support, on the score of providing to carry elsewhere for sale and barter. The first-rate comforts and luxuries ; and drapers, same observation applies to European ships grocers, provision and other merchants, trading in that great ocean on a roving combutchers, bakers, brewers, confectioners, tai- mission. lors, clothiers, hosiers, hatters, shoemakers, Of the remaining seven columns of the ironmongers, watchmakers, jewellers, per- paper, nearly four are occupied by reports of fumers, auctioneers, estate, commission, and the “Hawaiian Legislature,” one contains shipping agents, masons, lawyers, physicians, foreign intelligence, and the residue is occusurgeons, druggists, &c., all set forth their pied by editorial paragraphs. The foreign claims to patronage in excellent Queen's news is relative to the war between Russia English, and in the orthodox advertising and Turkey, England, and France — the style. We are only ocrasionally reminded declaration of war by the Western powers that they hang out their signs on an island having just reached Honolulu. The reports in the heart of the remote Pacific, by such of the Hawaiian parliament are novel and names of streets as Nuuana, Kaahumanu, interesting. As in England, the real burden Mauna Kea, Alakea Street, &c. The major- and business of legislation is evidently done ity of the streets, however, appear to bear in the Lower House-or House of Representcommon English names. One circumstance, atives, as they call it. The proceedings also, is very suggestive-we do not notice a appear to be based on the English and single native name among those of the bun- American system. There were a number of dred and seventy-five advertisers; four fifths petitions presented of the usual local characbear English patronymics, and the residue ier--one of which, by the way, curiously are German and French. Goods of every enough, shows that the canine race is becomconceivable description--in some cases, entire ing as great a nuisance in the Hawaiian ships' cargoes—are offered for sale. Articles group as with us in Britain. It prays of utility and luxury from every quarter of the dog-tax be raised to five dollars per the globe, almost every thing the epicure can head." We read of speeches on many subwish to eat and drink, or people of fashion to jects that sound exceedingly familiar to Eng



" that



lish ears. Thus, there were “Orders of the day, shall lay before the government for its Day;” discussions, &c., on the “ Landlord | accptance the cheapest and most feasible and Tenant Bill;" the Bill to Amend the plan of clearing out ihe sand and mud of the Laws on Sinuggling ;" a " Bill to Amend the passage of the harbor of Honolulu; the work Law of Evidence; Discussion of the to be performed by the first of December Militia Bill,” &c. We meet with native next.” Patriotic editor! Several paragraphs speakers, the reporter telling us that on the on local subjects of interest follow; one being subject of the Honolulu Reef Bill, “Mr. an acknowledgment of a present of “ a bag of Kaumaea was eloquent;" that “Messrs. new corn-meal, ground at the steam flouringKalama and Maika very earnestly advocated mill at Honolulu." It would appear that the bill ;" that “Mr. Kamaipelekane read for the personal comfort of the editor is worthily the first time a bill," &c. A bout half held in thoughtful remembrance, for he begs of the names of the representatives are Eng. that “the person, gentleman or lady (for lish. Here are two curious items: “Mr. kind hearts are of both sexes), who, during Nahakuelua read first time a bill to make sol. our absence the other day, furnished our diers of all illegitimate persons : laid on the sanctum with a commodious editorial chair, table. Mr. Uma read first time a bill to will be pleased to receive our grateful acknowl. forbid the king to sell any of his lands to edgment.” May the editor live to read, six foreigners.” A singular instance of roguery months hence, this article descriptive of his at Honolulu comes out in the discussion on a newspaper while he lounges, like the luxuribill to reduce the duties on alcohol imported ous fellow he probably is, in that very chair ! for medicinal or mechanical

“ Mr.

Some omissions in the paper strike us as Bowlin, in advocating this bill, stated, that rather remarkable. For instance, there is there was in Honolulu at present a very not a single paragraph relating to crimes, good article of brandy labelled "Heard's trials, or accidents; there are no births, Sarsaparilla,' which was imported as sąrsa- marriages, or deaths announced ; there is not parilla, entered as brandy, and afterwards a single scrap of poetry or of literary extract. withdrawn from the custom-house under a The foreign news is solely confined to intelliminister's permit for medicinal purposes, in. gence concerning the great European war; fused with a slight tincture of cloves, and and it would seem that the Hawaiian Islands then sold as Heard's Sarsaparilla.'' In either are singularly barren of incidents of other words, by underhand maneuvring, domestic interest, or that the good people brandy was openly sold under a false name, there are totally devoid of all curiosity or thus evading the heavy duty on that article. concern in any and every subject, except The proceedings of the Upper House of Par- wbat immediately relates to their pockets. liament are reported under the head of But taking it all in all, the Honolulu New “House of Nobles.” Judging by this news- Era is a literary curiosity, and does honor to paper, the proceedings in both houses appear the press in the Pacific. It has given us a to be conducted with great decorum, order, clearer idea of the growing importance, and and deliberation; and the speeches of some the splendid future of the Hawajian Islands, of the representatives, both native and natur- than the perusal of a dozen books of travel alized foreigners, are straightforward, and re- would have done. plete with good sense.

Since we began to write this paper, a Turn we now to the editorial department, letter bas been published in the Times, dated to which is prefixed the motto: "Open to from on board Her Majesty's ship President all: controlled by none.” Adverting to the at sea, July 28. The President is the flagexpected arrival of the English and French ship of the English squadron in the Pacific, squadrons, the editor calls the attention of which, in conjunction with the French squadthe legislature to the necessity of deepening ron, is sailing in search of the Russian menand widening the harbor; and “as under of-war. The combined squadrons arrived at almost any circumstances, a proper dredging. Honolulu last July, and the writer gives machine could not be sent for and arrive from some interesting details concerning that place. the United States or England before some He says that Honolulu is a “well-built town, time next spring, we are absolutely obliged of about 15,000 inhabitants, where every to fall back on our own mother-wit and thing bears the air of advancing civilization power of contrivance to meet the dilemma.” and improvement.” King Kamchameha III.

“we, the poor, libelled, vilified editor keeps up his court in the same manner as of the New Era and Argus, offer 200 dollars in England: he has his palace-guards, ministo any person who, within a month from to- I ters of departments—European principally

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