day break until noon his faculties grew more actually set, he fell into a state of lethargy, and more lively. From noon till evening from which it was in vain to attempt to rouse they gradually left him. When the sun had | bim, till the morning brought the sun with it.

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In estimating the merits of distinguished numerous visitors flocked to his studio to see individuals, our opinion must obviously be it, and amongst them were several who modified by a knowledge of the external in- proposed the intelligent question,“ Who was fluences to which they were subjected. Ac- Samuel ?” The manners and morality of the cording as the tendency of these is to coun- period were quite in agreement with this ; teract or to forward their aims, a greater or and though it is by no means denied that less tenacity of purpose is demanded. And there were many fine exceptions, it was then looking at the whole of a life, this is a qual- the fashion to be irreligious and immoral. ity that has more to do with greatness than Hannah More, when little above twenty years may at first strike us ; for greatness depends of age, was taken from the comparatively not so much upon the possession of brilliant quiet coteries of Bristol, and plunged into talents, as upon steadiness and perseverance the whirl of the gay world of London ; the in pursuing a laudable object. A most ob- caresses and blandishments of the witty, the stinate struggle with circumstances has to be great, and the learned, were heaped upon kept up by such as would rise to eminence her, but her keen, instinctive sense of right from the humbler ranks of life ; but a contest was in no degree blunted, and the endeavors on a more extended scale has to be encoun. of the world to win her to its side only tered by whoever aspires to be a reformer, as served to draw forth the more unequivocal in this case the obstacles result from the declaration of her principles. These princicondition of a nation or of society. They ples, like the course of every great mind, are also of a complex nature ; the reformer deepened and widened with progressing has first to disentangle his own mind from years.

We find her whose first essay was the shackles of custom and prejudice, and penned with the design of fostering a purer next undertake the same task for others. morality, gradually increasing her efforts for

Hannab More was a reformer; we con- the same praiseworthy end, and by and by ceive one who did so much, by example, and retiring from the vortex of fashionable life, purse, and pen, towards purifying the moral. to devote herself to the study of the Scripity and advancing the cause of religion in tures, and the composition of works bearing England, to be well worthy of such a title, more immediately on the subject of religioo. and all the greatness it implies. It is true, Besides her literary reputation, Mrs. Hanshe had the primary advantage of a sound nah More was eminent for her piety and and religious education, and was thus placed philanthropy; so much so, that, although so as to have a Pisgah-like view of existing she had not obtained celebrity by her writdefects; but next to the difficulty of divest- ings, her memory would have been deserved ing our minds of the warpings of habit and ly cherished as a Christian and philanthropopular opinion, is that of preventing our pist. She was ever prompt to originate or selves from being caught in their meshes. help forward philanthropic movements; she

of the state of religious knowledge, even wrote for them — books for the drawingamongst the higher classes, in the days of rooms of the great, and tracts and ballads Hannah More, we may have a pretty accu

that insinuated themselves into the workrate idea from the anecdote related in con- shops of the town, and the cottages of the nection with Sir Joshua Reynolds’ “Samuel. country; and she established schools for beWhen this celebrated painting was finished, stowing the blessings of education and a knowledge of the truths of the gospel on the frontispiece, that large truthful-looking the poor. She was considerate and liberal characters beneath assured us was Hannah to that class during her lifetime, and at her More. Some years subsequently, her collectdeath, the sums bequeathed by her to relig. ed works were procured for our especial edious and charitable institutions were on the ification; unfortunately, the exterior of the most in unificent scale. But perhaps the volumes was not calculated to make them find truest and most touching proof of ber gener- favor in our eyes, and after dipping into one, osity and kindness to the poor, was that and skimming another, the whole were progiven on the day of her funeral, when, each nounced by ourselves, and some equally juwith some semblance of mourning, they dicious critical companions, to be excessively came crowding from village and hamlet tó egotistical and uninteresting. As years inpay a last tribute to their benefactress, and creased," a change came o'er the spirit of our give "all they had to give-a tear."

dream,” we read the life and works of Hannah In reading the life of this celebrated per- More with extreme pleasure, being then more son, we can not fail to be struck with the capable of appreciating her excellences of charlarge amount of good that she effected; and acter, as well as her merits as a writer; and yet she was but a "lone woman;" and, in when we saw two fine stęel engravings, the addition to the disadvantages pertaining to one representing her as a blooming girl with her sex, Mrs. Hannah More was at all times flowing bair; the other from Pickersgill's delicate in health, and subject to very fre painting, in which she appears as the most quent illnesses. In consequence of this, she amiable, loveable, and benignant-looking of was deeply impressed with the evil of pro- all old ladies, we scorned the libellous old crastination, and has recorded in her diary woodcut of former days, and a complete rev. how necessary she felt it to be to prosecute olution was effected in our opinion. her work assiduously during ber intervals Hannah More was the youngest of five of freedom from sickness. This goes to sisters, and was born at Stapleton, in Glouprove what we have already stated, that cestershire, in the year 1745. Her father, greatness in general, as well as success, having lost his money by the unfavorable arises less from the possession of great tal termination of a lawsuit, lived here in a seents, or from favorable circumstances, than cluded manner. He was the son of the forthe selection of a proper aim, and the reso- mer master of an endowed school in the lution to follow it unswervingly. There are neighborhood, who not being encumbered multitudes of examples in the world, of a with a superabundance of pupils, had plenty stern and successful resistance of circum- of leisure to “rear the tender thought" of stances more overwhelming than any we are

He, in his turn, “ kept the ball likely to encounter, and exciting us to em moving," as Franklin says of kindness, and ulation. We are disposed to lay too much devoted his time to the education of bis Blress on the force of circumstances, forget- daughters; and as he brought a highly-credting that we are to some extent the origina- itable amount of talents and learning to the tors of them. Then we consider this a cap- task, and had good materials to work upon, it ital excuse for our indolence, it is this that is is not surprising that he was very successful. keeping us inactive, we are waiting for an This was particularly the case with Hannah, opening, instead of making an opening. As who was a somewhat precocious child, and for a favorable opportunity, it is vain for us her aptness in the acquisition of the first to plead the want of that; we must not be principles of geometry, and the rudiments of too scrupulous, but seize the best that hap. Latin, must have delighted the old man, and pens to come within our reach.

transformed the labor of instruction into a In perusing any work, we almost insensi- pleasant relaxation. The bias of her tastes bly form ideas of the personality of the au- very early displayed itself; one of her childthor ; we become acquainted not only with ish amusements was riding on a chair, achis mind, but we “have a vision of our own,” companied by the announcement that “she and can describe his appearance even when was going to London to see booksellers and unaided by the engraver's art. Our childish bishops." It was a darling object of her aınnotions of the subject of this sketch were bition to attain to the possession of a wbo!e unfavorable enough. We regarded her as quire of paper, and when some friend gratian old lady who wrote good, but uncommon- fied her wish, it was speedily filled with letly dry books, and our prepossessions against ters to imaginary personages. her were in no degree ameliorated as we The talents of the whole family were so gazed on the uncoutb personage depicted in I much above the average, that they soon at

his son.

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tracted attention, and under the auspices of When in her twenty-second year, Hannah Dr. Stonehouse and others, the Misses More More paid her first visit to London, and reestablished a day school in Bristol; this turned the following year, to reside for a shortly after gave place to a boarding-school, short time with the Garricks at their beautiwhich long maintained the character of being ful retreat at Hampton. Here she became one of the best and most flourishing in that acquainted with Johnson, Burke, Reynolds, part of England. To this school Hannah and others of the élite of the literary world. was removed when twelve



age, and The great moralist, in particular, had a most eagerly availed herself of the means of ex. affectionate regard for her, terming her tending her knowledge, now placed within “Child," “ Little Fool,” “Love," and "Dearher reach. She acquired a perfect idiomati. est.” One of her sisters, in writing home, gives cal knowledge of the French, and afterwards the following interesting account of a converof the Italian and Spanish languages. sation between herself and Johnson: "After

Even at this early period, her conversation. much critical discourse, he turns round to al powers were so fascinating, that Dr. Wood-me, and with one of his most amiable looks, ward, an eminent scholar, when attending which must be seen to form the least idea of her in his medical capacity, under their influit, he says, 'I have heard that you are enence on one occasion so far forgot the ob- gaged in the useful and honorable employject of his visit that he was proceeding down ment of teaching young ladies ;' upon which stairs, when, suddenly recollecting himself, with all the same ease, familiarity and confi. he returned to the room, exclaiming, “ Bless dence as we should bave done, had only our me! I forgot to ask the girl how she is ?" own Dr. Stonehouse been present, we entered In the year 1762, she

gave her first litera- upon the history of our birth, parentage, and ry composition to the world, in the shape of education, showing how we were born with a pastoral drama, entitled “ The Search after more desires than guineas, and how, as years Happiness.” Having met with the approval increased, our appetites increased also, the of Garrick, Dr. Stonehouse, and other per- cupboard at home being too small to gratify sons of literary taste, it was issued from the them; and how, with a bottle of water, a bed Bristol

press, and its popularity was so great and a blanket, we set out to seek our forthat in a few months it passed through tunes; and how we found a great house three editions. The poem, as the authoress with nothing in it; and how it was like to informs us, had for its object "an earnest wish remain so, till, looking into our knowledgeto furnish a substitute for the very improper box, we happened to find a little larning, custom, wbich then prevailed, of allowing a good thing when land is gone, or rather plays, and these not always of the purest when there is none,--and so at last, by givkind, to be acted by young ladies in boarding a little of this liitle larning to those who ing-schools."

bad less, we got a good store of gold in reAbout this time, a proposal of marriage turn, but how, alas ! we wanted the wit to was made to her by a landed proprietor in keep it. 'I love you both,' cried the inamothe neighborhood, and, though Mr. Turner rato ; 'I love you all five. I never was at was many years her senior, his offer was ac- Bristol-I will come on purpose to see you. cepted, and she resigned ber share in the What !. five women live happily together! management of the boarding-school. Owing I will come and see you. I have spent a to various circumstances, however, the en. happy evening-I am glad I came. God for gagement was broken off, and although the ever bless you; you live to shame duchesses.' gentleman soon after sought to renew it, the He took bis leave with so much warmth and lady would not give her consent. Her feel. tenderness, we were quite affected at his ings had undeniably been trifled with, and manner." In what an amiable light does she made a resolution to eschew all such the great moralist appear in such an anecovertures in future. It is but due to Mr. dote as this ; and Madame D'Arblay, another Turner to state that he settled an annuity of his pets, has many similar in her gossipon her, and bequeathed her at his death the ing diary; and with all his faults, can we sum of one thousand pounds. Perhaps, if we help loving him still ? knew it, the lives of many of the tea-bibbing, In the midst of the adulation which was scandal - mongering class, denominated old now lavished on the youthful authoress, it is maids, contain a little episode of such a vex- most gratifying to find her writing thus to one ation, and such a determination ; and perhaps of her sisters : For my own part, the more I the secret of their railing at the world in gen- see of the bonored, famed, and great, the more eral is, that "there is a cross in their heart." | I see of the littleness, the unsatisfactoriness of


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all created good, and that no earthly pleasure of the public; but the time was now come can fill up the wants of the immortal prin. when the results of her careful education in ciple within.” After her return to Bristol, the truths of the Christian religion, and the she produced two short poems—“The Bleed. influence which those principles possess over ing Rock," and “ Sir Eldred of the Bower;" every well-constituted mind, were to be more the latter a moral tale in two parts, in the broadly manifested. The death of her friend ballad style. A handsome sum was paid for Garrick severed the strongest link between these pieces by Mr. Caddell, and their suc- her and the dramatic world, and the sense of cess was so great that a thousand copies the hollowness of worldly enjoyments pressed were sold in a fortnight. She now plumed upon her mind with ever-increasing force. her wing for a higher flight, and the direction She had all along retained her native simwhich it took was no doubt influenced by plicity of character, and the adulation that her intimacy with the Garricks, as well as was lavished on her had left as little trace as the success of her pastoral drama. “The water on the plumage of a bird ; she had Inflexible Captive," a regular piece in five never suffered herself to be intoxicated by acts, appeared in 1774, and on its perform the pleasures of the world; and what a testiance in the theatre at Bath was favorably mony it is their unsatisfactoriness, that received. It is founded on the well-known they palled upon the taste of one who had classical story of Regulus, the Roman am- enjoyed those of the most refined description, bassador to Carthage, and displays consider and always with a due regard to moderation. able power. There are many fine passages, The cast of her mind was eminently pracand the interest is sustained throughout. tical: this was evidenced as early as the

Within the three following years, the two time that her juvenile pastoral, “ The Search tragedies of “Percy" and the “Fatal False after Happiness," was produced, for, as we hood” were produced; the former was de have said, it sprung from a nobler wish than servedly the most popular of Miss More's a youthful love of notoriety. Even the three dramatic works. Ii greatly exceeds “ The most ambitious effusions of her dramatic Inflexible Captive" in point of dramatic inter- muse were not written as mere passports to est; the various characters are brought out fame. Her own reading, and the society in with much clearness and precision ; and that which she mingled at that period, gave her of Elwina is a particularly fine sketch. thoughts a strong bent towards the stage;

In the year 1780, Miss Hannah More paid but she viewed it not only as an entertainanother visit to London, during which she ment, but as a powerful lever of the heart, resided at the house of the amiable and ac- and one which she hoped to enlist on the complished widow of Dean Delany, and had side of virtue. Her plays were written unthe privilege of enlarging the number of her der that impression, though in after years literary acquaintances, which, in addition to she abandoned the hope of metamorphosing many distinguished prelates, now included the theatre into a school of virtue, and the names of Walpole, Jenyns, Pepys, Mrs. became convinced that “this utopian good Boscawen, Mrs. Chapone, and Mis. Carter. could not be produced, until not only the About this time she published a small volume stage itself had undergone a complete puriin prose, entitled "Essays for Young La-fication, but until the audience was purified dies,” now very scarce, and a volume of also.” “ Sacred Dramas." These dramas were In conformity with her desire of withdrawing greatly esteemed, and a specimen of a trans- more from the world, Hannah More in 1786 lation of one of them into the Cingalese lan. purchased a neat cottage in the neighborhood guage was presented to the authoress, writ of Bristol, called Cowslip Green. Nought of ten on a Palmyra leaf, and enclosed in a asceticism, however, entered into her ideas of beautifully-painted wooden ease. Nor was retirement ; she who had tasted wisely and this the only instance of her works being temperately of the pleasures of society, parread in countries where one would little took in equal moderation of the sweets of expect them to have found their way, seclusion. Her annual visits to her friend Russian princess, who had procured some of Mrs. Garrick in London were still continued, her short tracts, translated them into Russ, and from time to time she indulged in interand wrote a complimentary letter to the au- course with the most eminent literary characthoress.

ters of the day. We have hitherto traced the career of Theology bad even in early life been one Hannah More merely as a popular authoress, of her favorite studies, and she gladly emwho was gradually gaining favor in the eyes braced the opportunity now afforded her of



prosecuting it with greater vigor. Two the Alpine pass; schools were established, years after her retreat to Cowslip Green, she in the superintendence of which she and her published a small tract, entitled, “ Thoughts sisters took a lively personal interest ; and on the Manners of the Great," followed in when the resistance they at first excited had the same year by a poem on “Slavery.” in a measure exhausted itself, the good work The latter work brought her into more inti- progressed most satisfactorily. The benemate acquaintance with Wilberforce, who was ficial results were, as must always be the at that time employed advocating in Par- case with education, but partially apparent; liament the cause of the negroes.

though it can not be doubted, where so much About ten miles distant from the residence good seed was diligently scattered abroad, of Miss Hannah More and her sisters, lay it will hereafter be revealed, that it sprung the village of Chedder. It is picturesquely up in many a hidden nook, and gladdened situated at the mouth of a narrow ravine in with the bread of life many a hungry soul. the Mendip Hills; close to the town, fantas- The influence which the French Revolutically-shaped cliffs of limestone shoot ab- tion exerted on the lower classes in this ruptly upwards, to the height of several hun-country induced her to publish a tract, entidreds of feet; and those who penetrate into tled, “ Village Politics, in a Dialogue between the gorge, which extends for nearly three two Mechanics.” The sale and circulation of miles, are rewarded by a display of the grand this little work were astonishing, and led her, est rocky scenery in all “merry England." in 1795, to commence a regular series, which The country around is rich pasture-land; and was issued monthly from Bath, under the name the dairies have long been celebrated for their of the “Cheap Repository Tracts.” During cheese, which in the days of Camden was so the same year, which was one of horror and good and so great, that it required more than commotion abroad, and anxiety and scarcity one man to hoist a cheese on the table. But at home, her purse and hand were no less it was not the garden-like fertility of the readily opened to relieve the one than her country, nor the romantic beauty of the vil- pen bad been used to counteract the influence lage, that drew towards it the notice of Han- of the other. At her hospitable door, the nah More. The rural population of this poor were supplied with soup and food, and fine district were in a state of terrible de- every means in her power was taken to asmoralization, which will be best described sist them, and mitigate their sufferings. Nor by the following extract from a letter of Miss was her liberality restricted

to her own More to her friend Wilberforce :-“We countrymen, for the sum of £240, the found more than two thousand people in the proceeds of a publication, “Remarks on a parish, almost all very poor; no gentry; a Production of M. Dupont, a French Athedozen wealthy farmers, hard, brutal, and ist,” was devoted to the relief of the French ignorant. We saw but one Bible in all the emigrant clergy, who flocked in considerable parish, and that was used to prop a flower- numbers to our shores. pot. No clergyman had resided in it for In the year 1799, Hannah More (who now forty years. One rode over, three miles assumed the title of Mistress) wrote her from Wells, to preach on a Sunday, but no “Strictures on the Modern System of Feweekly duty was done, or sick persons vis- male Education.” From some of the opinited ; and children were often buried without ions advanced in this work, and from opposiany funeral service. Eight persons in the tion to her schools reviving in a quarter morning, and twenty in the afternoon, was a where it might least have been expected, good congregation." But,

Mrs. More was subjected to a series of calum

niations and persecutions that would have, “For man's neglect, she loved it more."

been trying to a person of ordinary sensiA wide field was extended on which to exert bility, and must have been severely so to a her energies, and nobly she and her two sis- woman who was desirous of living as much ters labored in the performance of their self- in retirement as was compatible with the appointed work. The magnitude of the evil schemes of usefulness she sought to carry out. to be opposed would have appalled a le s Mrs. More, in 1802, changed her residence daring theorist, as the difficulties and obsta- from Cowslip Green to Barley Wood—beaucles that had to be surmounted in the work tiful Barley Wood—familiar to every one as ing out of her plans would have wearied any a household name. To this charming retreat, one less practical and persevering; but she where she dwelt for more than twenty years, had grasped the banner, and, like the hero crowds of the wisest, greatest, and best, conof " Excelsior," she pressed dauntlessly up Igregated to visit her. It was proposed at this

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