nally preoccupied with some of those lofty | motive of this confidence--and Ellen struck thoughts identified with superior minds. a few notes, to divert attention from her Some celebrated authors were spoken of; he embarrassment. remained silent. Baron von Noth leaned over The baron, who sought a vent for bis illtowards me and said, in a low voice, “ It humor, said to the young girl, pointing to seems that our new acquaintance is not liter. the Jew's stick

“If any thing should halt in the accom" I should be surprised at that," I replied ; paniment, there is what will restore the "and, what is more, I would lay a wager

measure. that he is musical.” The baron drew back, Ellen rose, cast a look at the baron, which with a movement of vexation, and, as if to meant, “One meets people like you everytest my sagacity, he asked Ellen to sing where," and left the room.

. Malthus took something. The amiable girl begged him to up a newspaper, and reed until we separated excuse her, but without putting forward any for the night. of those small pretexts which most young The Jew led the regular life of a man who ladies would have invented on the instant. knows the value of time. He worked until Her mother's authority was needed to van- noon, paid or received a few visits, went quish her instinctive resistance. Her prelude upon Change about two o'clock, then shut testified to some unwonted agitation ; its first bimself up in his apartment and was visible notes roused the Jew from his reverie; soon to nobody, and at precisely four o'clock ensbe recovered herself, and her visible emo- tered Mr. Müller's room, where Ellen awaittion did but add a fresh charm to the habitu- ed him at the piano.

It was easy to see that al expression of her singing.

he daily assumed a greater ascendancy over Suddenly she stopped short, declaring that the mind of his pupil, whose progress was her memory failed her.

rapid. Then, to our great astonishment, a rich When Malthus smiled, Ellen's charming and harmonious voice was heard, and Ellen countenance assumed an indescribable excontinued, accompanied by the finest tenor I pression of satisfaction ; but as soon as he reever listened to in my life.

lapsed into his habitual thoughtful mood, the The baron bit his lips; Werter was pale poor girl's soul appeared suspended in a with surprise. The warmest applause fol- sympathetic medium; she saw nothing, anlowed the conclusion of the beautiful duet. swered nobody ;-in a word, she instinctive.

Malthus had risen from his chair, and ly assimilated herself to the mysterious seemed entirely under the spell of harmony: being whose influence governed her. When He gave

some advice to Ellen, who listened Malthus leaned on his cane in walking, Ellen to him with avidity; he even made her re- seemed to say, “My arm would support him peat a passage, which she afterwards sang so well!" with admirable expression. He took her The Jew, however, did not limp disagreehand, almost with enthusiasm, and exclaim- ably; his left leg was well formed, and his ed, “I thank you !"

symmetrical figure showed the disturbarce in Very odd indeed,” said the baron. Poor its harmony to have been the result of an Werter said nothing, but went and sat himself accident. He had the appearance of having down, very pensive, at the further end of the long become reconciled to his infirmity, like drawing-room.

a soldier who considers his wounds a glorious Mrs. Müller was radiant at her daughter's evidence of his devotion to his country. success. As to Ellen, she merely said in a I had more than once felt tempted to ask low voice

Malthus the history of his lameness; but he “If I had instruction, I should perhaps eluded with so much care every approach be able to make something of music. to the subject, that I deemed myself obliged

“With your mother's permission," rejoin-to respect his secret. ed Malthus, “I shall have pleasure in some- Two months passed thus, and I had optimes accompanying you."

portunity of appreciating all the right-mindMrs. Müller cast a scrutinizing glance atedness, generosity, and enlightenment that the Jew, whose countenance, which had re. dwelt in the accessible part of that extraorsumed its habitual calmness, showed nothing dinary soul. In presence of this dangerous that could excite her suspicions. She judged rival, who triumphed without a struggle, the that such a man was not at all dangerous, baron became almost tender. His self-love and accepted his offer. Malthus bowed with cruelly suffered to see preferred to him a cold dignity-doubtless appreciating the l lame merchant with a fine voice. He sometimes attempted to quiz him; but Malthus Ellen was really to be pitied. When Malconfounded him so completely by the apt- thus took Werter's part, I saw that she was ness of his retorts, that the laughers were on the point of fainting. Her countenance, never on the side of the baron.

naturally so gentle, was overshadowed by an One night that the family party was as expression of vexation and displeasure. She sembled, Werter approached Mr. Müller bad taken the Jew's benevolent defence of with a suppliant air, and delivered to bim a the student for a mark of indifference. letter from his father. The poor young Whilst still under the influence of this painman's agitation made me suspect that the ful impression, the Baron's declaration came letter contained a proposal." Mr. Müller to add to her agitation; she cast a reproachread it with attention and handed it to his ful glance at Malthus, sank back in her chair, wife, who rapidly glanced over it and cast a and swooned away. The Jew sprang forscrutinizing glance at her daughter, to make ward, took her in his arms, laid her on a sure whether or no she was forewarned of sofa, and knelt down beside her. this step. A mother's pride is always flat- “ You have not understood me, then ?” he tered under such circumstances, and the first exclaimed. impulse is generally favorable to the man Ellen opened her eyes, and beheld at her who has singled out the object of her dear- feet the man whom her heart had selected ; est affections ; but the second thought is one and, absorbed in her passion, unconscious of of prudence; a separation, the many risks of the presence of those who stood around, she the future, soon check the instinctive satis. murmured, in a feeble voice faction of the maternal heart, and a thousand “ Yours! Yours alone !-ever yours !" motives concur to arrest the desired consent. “Sir,” said Malthus to Mr. Müller, “my

• It were well," she said, “first to know proposal comes rather late ; but I hope you what Ellen thinks."

will be so good as to take it into consideraThe words were like a ray of light to the tion.” poor girl, whose countenance expressed the In the Jew's manner there was the dignity utmost surprise.

of a man in a position to dictate conditions. “ Besides, he is very young," added Mrs. Ellen had recovered herself. As to Mr. Müller, loud enongh for the baron to hear. Müller, there had not been time for his ha

Werter's position was painful; he stam- bitual pblegm to become disturbed ; but his mered a few words, became embarrassed, and wife could not restrain a smile at this draabruptly left the room.

matic complication, whose denouement re“A mere child,” quoth the baron, “who mained in suspense. should be sent to his books."

“Mr. Y.,” said she to me, somewhat maMalthus, who had observed all that passed, liciously, “ do you not feel the effect of exrested his two bands on his stick, like a man ample ?" disposed to argue the point, and warmly Perhaps I might have been unable to defended the student.

resist," I replied, “ had not Mr. Malthus de“It can not be denied,” he said, in conclu clared himself before me.” sion, “ that the young man's choice pleads Ellen blushed, and the Jew pressed my in his favor ; and his embarrassinent, which hand. Just then Werter re-entered the at that

age is not unbecoming, proves, in my room, pale and downcast, like a man who opinion, that, whilst aspiring to so great a comes to hear sentence passed upon him. happiness, he has sufficient modesty to ad- There was profound silence which lasted sevmit himself unworthy of it."

eral minutes, or at least seemed to me to do “If a declaration were a sufficient proof so. At last Mr. Müller broke it. of merit," interrupted the councillor, “I “Gentlemen," he said, “I am much flatknow one man who would not hesitate." tered by the honor you have done me”.

“And who is that ?" inquired Mrs. Müller, He paused, and seemed to be recalling with ill.concealed curiosity.

past events to his mind. During this short “Myself, madam,” replied the councillor silence, Werter gazed at us in turn with an " Baron von Noth."

air of astonishment, and I doubt not that he By the way in which this was spoken, the included me in the number of his rivals. dissyllable "myself" appeared lengthened “I have something to tell you," continued by all the importance of the personage.

Mr. Müller, " which will perhaps modify “At my age men do not change," contin

your present intentions.

About ten years ued the baron; "and the present is a guar- ago I had to visit Berlin, where my father antee for the future.”

had just died. The winding up of his affairs

proved complicated and troublesome, and I loan, as soon as it should be possible for me was obliged to place my interests in the to do so. He took the ring, and I left him, hands of a lawyer who had been recommend my heart brimful of gratitude. ed to me as extremely skilful. The business "I will not attempt to describe to you the at last settled, I found myself entitled to joy with which I once more embraced my about forty thousand florins, which I pro- wife and daughter. God alone can repay my posed to embark in trade. I was happily benefactor all the good be did us. I armarried, and Ellen was seven years old. ranged my affairs, and we set out for Vienna, Our little fortune had been greatly impaired where I formed this establishment, of which by a succession of losses, for which this in- I can not consider myself as more than the heritance would compensate.

temporary possessor. You perceive, gentle“One day I went to my lawyer's to re- men, that Ellen bas no dowry to expect, and ceive the money. He had disappeared, tak- that we may at any moment be reduced to a ing it with him. Despair took possession of very precarious position.” me; I dared not impart the fatal news to Ellen's face was hidden by her hands. my wife, and, I confess it with shame, I de. When Mr. Müller ceased speaking, we still termined on suicide. All that day I rambled listened. Presently the Jew broke silence. about the country, and at nightfall I ap- “I have little,” he said, " to add to your proached the banks of the Spree. Climbing narration; the man who was so fortunate as upon the parapet of a high bridge, I gazed to render you a service, remained a cripple with gloomy delight into the dark waters for the rest of his days. When he plunged that rolled beneath. On my knees upon the into the Spree, he struck against a stone, stone, I offered up a short but fervent prayer and since then he limps, as you perceive." to Him who wounds and heals ; I commend- We were all motionless with surprise. ed my wife and daughter to His mercy, and Then Malthus drew a ring from his finger precipitated myself from the bridge. I was and banded it to Mr. Müller. The countestruggling instinctively against death, when nance of the latter, generally so cold in its I felt myself seized by a vigorous arm. A expression, was suddenly extraordinarily agiman swam near me, and drew me towards tated : tears started to his eyes, and he threw the shore, which we both reached.

bimself into his preserver's arms. “ It was so dark that I could not distin. “All that I possess belongs to you," he guish the features of my preserver, but the cried, “and I have the happiness to inform tones of his voice made an impression upon you that your capital has doubled.” me which has not yet been effaced, and I “Of all that you possess," replied Malhave met but one man whose voice has re- thus, “I ask but one thing, to which I have minded me of that of the generous unknown. no right.” He compelled me to go home with him, The worthy German took the hand of bis questioned me as to my motives for so des- daughter, who trembled with happiness and perate an act, and, to my extreme astonish- surprise, and, placing it in that of the ment, handed me a portfolio containing forty Jewthousand forins, on the express condition “Sir,” he said, addressing himself to me, that I should take no steps to find him out. “ you who have seen the world, and who are I entreated him to accept my marriage-ring, dieinterested in this question, do you think at eight of which I promised to repay the that I could do better?"

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The influence of individuals on the des- The beginning of the sixteenth century was tinies of the world is generally small. The one of these critical periods. Great forces, great majority even of the rulers of mankind material and mental, were then opposed. merely co-operate in a movement which The events which were to be the result of would have pursued its pre-appointed track their conflict have not yet exhausted their as rapidly and as completely if they had never influence: they may affect the human race existed. Their work may be well done ; but, for many centuries to come. And these forces if they were not there, it would be done just were so nicely balanced that the preponderas well by some one else. A few eminent ance of religion or of superstition, of free men, whose talents and energy have been inquiry or of unreasoning conformity, of aided by fortune, have been able perceptibly France or of Germany, depended on the conto accelerate or perceptibly to retard, the duct of Charles V. and of Luther. progress of events. Hannibal was amongst There seem to us to be no grounds for the greatest statesmen, and was perhaps the supposing that, if Luther had died in 1506, greatest general, that the world has seen. All a novice in the Augustinian convent of Erthat his talents and his energy wielding the furth, the Reformation, such as it now is, whole power of Carthage could do was to would have taken place. At first sight, indelay her fall for a few years. If Rome had deed, it may appear that the corruptions not had Hannibal for an opponent she would which he attacked were too gross and palpahave subdued Carthage a little sooner; if ble to endure the improved intelligence of she had not had Cæsar for a leader she would modern Europe. But we must recollect that have subdued Gaul a little later. If he had on his death Protestantism ceased to extend endeavored to support her republican insti- itself. Its limits are now nearly such as he tutions, they might have lasted until his left them. What was Popish in 1546 redeath. The fall of Carthage, of Gaul, and mains Popish now. Nor is this to be asof the Roman republic, were questions merely ascribed to inferiority of political instituof time. But circumstances from time to tions or of cultivation. The democratic cantime occur when the balance between two tons of Switzerland, and the well-governed, great events, or between two great systems industrious Flemings, are as strenuous in of events, is so equally poised that the im- their adherence to Roman Catholicism as the pulse given by a single hand may be decidespotically-ruled Danes have been in their sive. If Lycurgus had died in infancy, the rejection of it. whole history of Greece might have been The most highly-civilized portions of the altered, and a change in the fortunes of Continent are France, Italy, the Low CounGreece might have been a change in the for- tries, and Germany. Not one-fourth of their tunes of the world. The Athenian domina- inhabitants are Protestants. If the inherent tion might have extended over Sicily and vices of Popery have not destroyed it in Magna Græcia, Rome might have been sti- France ; if it has withstood there the learnfled in her early adolescence, and who can ing and wisdom of the seventeenth century, say what would now be the state of Europe the wit and license of the eighteenth, and if she had not undergone the Roman domi- the boldness and philosophy of the nineteenth, nation or received the Roman law? If the what right have we to assume that those Barbarian invasion had found her a Greek vices would have been fatal to it in Great or Carthaginian empire ?


Nor can the permanence of Roman Ca* The Cloister Life of the Emperor Charles the tholicism be accounted for by its self-reformaFifth. By WILLIAM STERLING. 3d edition.

tion. Without doubt, with the improved

London, 1853. 8vo.

decorousness of modern times, some of its

grossest practical abuses have been removed | less momentous than those which would or palliated. Indulgencies are no longer on have followed the submission or the premapublic sale.

The morals in monasteries and ture death of Luther. convents, and those of the secular clergy, The Reformation would have spread over are decent: there is less of violent active per- the whole of Germany and of the Nethersecution. But a church which claims to be lands. The inhabitants of those vast couninfallible can not really reform her doctrines. tries were all eager to throw off the dominEvery error that she has once adopted be ion of Rome, and were kept under her yoke comes stereotyped, every step by which she only by the tyranny and persecution of has diverged from truth is irretrievable. All Charles. Germany would have remained the worst superstitions of the Romish church an empire. It required the enthusiasm of a are maintained by her at this instant as religious cause to rouse her feudatories to stoutly as they were when Luther first re- rise against their sovereign, and to force on nounced her communion. The prohibition of him a treaty which in fact admitted their ininquiry, the reliance on legendary traditions, dependence. It was to the treaty of Pasthe idolatry of relics, the invocation of saints, sau, to the shock then given to the Imperial the adoration of the Virgin Mary, the merit sovereignty, that the Elector of Brandenburg, ascribed to voluntary suffering, and to pre- a hundred and fifty years after, owed his meditated uselessness, “the conversion of the crown, and the Emperor, who had recognized sacraments into charms, of public worship one of his vassals as a king, lost all real auinto a magic incantation muttered in a dead thority over the others. language, and of the duty of Christian Holi- If the whole of Germany and the Low ness into fantastic penances, pilgrimages, Countries bad remained one united body, if scapularies, and a whole train of supersti- the former had not been laid waste by the tious observances worthy of paganism in its thirty years' war, and the latter by the war worst forms,”* are all in full vigor among which produced the independence of the many of the Teutonic races and among all United Provinces, such an empire would have the nations whose languages are derived been the arbiter of the Continent. Flanfrom the Latin. The clergy of France, once ders, Alsace, Lorraine, and Franche Compté the most intelligent defenders of the liberties would have remained German ; France would of the Gallican church, are now more ultra not have been able twice to threaten the indemontane than the Italians.

pendence of Europe ; a Bourbon would not We repeat our belief that if Luther had now be reigning in Spain. not been born, or if he had wanted any one No country would have gained so much of that wonderful assemblage of moral and by such a change in the course of events as intellectual excellences that enabled him to Spain. In the first place, she would have triumph in the most difficult contest that become Protestant. Few of the phenomena ever was waged by man, if he had had less of that remarkable period are more striking courage, less self-devotion, less diligence, less than the weakness of the hold which peculiar sagacity, less eloquence, less prudence, or religious opinions then possessed over the less sincerity, the Pope would still be the bulk of the people of Europe. Henry VIII., spiritual ruler of all Western Europe and Edward VI., Mary, and Elizabeth, turned the America, and the peculiar doctrines of Ro English backwards and forwards, from Romanism would prevail there, doubted, indeed, manism to Protestantism, and from Protestor disbelieved, or unthought of, by the edu- antism to Romanism, at the will, we had cated classes, and little understood by the almost said at the caprice, of the monarch uneducated, but conformed to by all. for the time being. The pride of the Roman

On the other hand, if Charles V. had been Catholics had not been roused by the rivalry able, like the Elector of Saxony and the of a new Church, with bishops, and revenues, Landgrave of Hesse, to sbake off the preju- and patronage, and power, and rank of its dices of his early education,-if, like them, own. The Reformation appeared to them he had listened to Luther with candor, and, not the introduction of a hostile faith, but a like them, had been convinced, and, instead purification of the old one, and wherever it of striving to crush the Reformation, had was not persecuted it was adopted. put himself at its head, a train of conse- Ireland may appear to be an exception ; quences would have been set in motion not but the real sovereigns of the greater part of

Ireland were then its native chieftains. Henry * Whately's Errors of Romanism, Essay vi. VIII. and his immediate successors were

hostile pretenders. And it may be added,

sect. 3.

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