rivalled Monograph on the Nudibranch Mol- | than he; and as he stands, silent with awe, lusca.

amid the pomp of nature's ever-busy rest, And now, worshipper of final causes hears, as of old, “The Word of the Lord and the mere useful in Nature, answer but God walking among the trees of the garden one question, - Why this prodigal variety ? in the cool of the day.” All these Nudibranches live in much the One sight more, and we have done. We same way; why would not the same mould had something to say, had time permitted, have done for them all ? And why, again, on the ludicrous element which appears here (for we must push the argument a little fur- and there in nature. There are animals, like ther), why have not all the butterflies, at monkeys and crabs, which seem made to be least all who feed on the same plant, the same laughed at; by those at least who possess markings? Of all unfathomable triumphs that most indefinable of faculties, the sense of design (we can only express ourselves of the ridiculous. As long as man possesses thus, for honest induction, as Paley so well muscles especially formed to enable him to teaches, allows us to ascribe such results only laugh, we have no right to suppose (with to the design of some personal will and mind), some) that laughter is an accident of our what surpasses that by which the scales on a fallen nature, or to find (with others) the butterfly's wing are arranged to produce a primary cause of the ridiculous in the percertain pattern of artistic beauty beyond all ception of unfitness or disharmony. And painter's skill? What a waste of power, on yet we shrink (whether rightly or wrongly, any utilitarian theory of nature! And, once we can hardly tell) from attributing a sense more, why are those strange microscopic at of the ludicrous to the Creator of these omies, the Diatomaceæ and Infusoria, which forms. It may be a weakness on our partfill every stagnant pool, fringe every branch at least we will hope it is a reverent one ; of sea-weed, which form banks hundreds of but till we can find something corresponding miles long on the Arctic sea-floor, and the to what we conceive of the Divine Mind in strata of whole moorlands, which pervade in any class of phenomena, we had rather not millions the mass of every iceberg, and float talk about them at all, but observe a stoic aloft in countless swarms amid the clouds of “epoché," waiting for more light, and yet the volcanic dust,—why are their tiny shells confessing that our own laughter is unconof flint as fantastically various in their quaint trollable, and therefore we hope not unmathematical symmetry, as they are count-worthy of us, at many a strange creature less beyond the wildest dreams of the Pan- and strange doing which we meet, from the theist? Mystery inexplicable on all theories highest ape to the lowest polype. of evolution by necessary laws, as well as on But, in the mean while, there are animals the conceited notion which, making man, for- in which results so strange, fantastic, even sooth, the centre of the universe, dares to seemingly horrible, are produced, that fallen believe that variety of forms has existed for man may be pardoned, if he shrinks from countless ages in abysmal sea-depths and them in disgust

. That, at least, must be a untrodden forests, only that some few indi- consequence of our own wrong state; for viduals of the western races might, in these every thing is beautiful and perfect in its latter days, at last discover and admire a place. It may be answered, “ Yes, in its corner here and there of the boundless realms place; but its place is not yours. You had of beauty. Inexplicable, truly, if man be the no business to look at it, and must pay the centre and the object of their existence; ex- penalty for intermeddling.” We doubt that plicable enough to him who believes that answer; for surely, if man have liberty to God has created all things for Himself, and do any thing, he has liberty to search out rejoices in His own handiwork, and that the freely his heavenly Father's works; and yet material universe is, as the wise man says, every one seems to have his antipathic ani“A platform whereon His eternal Spirit mal; and we know one bred from his childsports and maketh melody.” Of all the bless- hood to zoology by land and sea, and bold ings which the study of nature brings to the in asserting, and honest in feeling, that all, patient observer, let none perhaps be classed without exception, is beautiful, who yet canhigher than this, that the farther he enters not, after handling and petting and admiring into those fairy gardens of life and birth, all day long every uncouth and venomous wbich Spenser saw and described in his great beast, avoid a paroxysm of horror at the poem, the more he learns the awful and yet sight of the common house-spider. At all most comfortable truth, that they do not be events, whether we were intruding or not, long to him, but to one greater, wiser, lovelier l in turning this stone, we must pay a fine for

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having done so; for there lies an animal as, bably macerated to a pulp long before he foul and monstrous to the eye as hydra, has reached the opposite extremity of bis gorgon, or chimæra dire,” and yet so won- cave of doom. Once safe down, the black drously fitted to its work, that we must needs murderer slowly contracts again into a knotendure, for our own instruction, to handle ted heap, and lies, like a boa with a stag inand to look at it. Its name we know not side bim, motionless and blest. (though it lurks here under every stone), There; we must come away now, for the and should be glad to know. It seems some tide is over our ankles : but touch, before very “low" Ascarid or Planarian worm. you go, one of those little red mouths which You see it? That black, shiny, knotted lump peep out of the stone. A tiny jet of water among the gravel, small enough to be taken shoots up almost into your face. The biup in a dessert-spoon. Look now, as it is valve* who has burrowed into the limestone raised, and its coils drawn out. Three feet knot (the softest part of the stone to his -six-nine, at least: with a capability of jaws, though the hardest to your chisel), is seemingly endless expansion ; a slimy tape scandalized at having the soft mouths of his of living caoutchouc, some eighth of an inch siphons so rudely touched, and taking your in diameter, a dark chocolate-black, with finger for some bothering Annelid, who wants paler longitudinal lines. Is it alive? It to nibble him, is defending himself; shoothangs helpless and motionless, a mere velvet ing you, as naturalists do humming- birds, string across the hand. Ask the neighbor- with water. Let him rest in peace; it will ing Annelids and the fry of the rock fishes, cost you ten minutes' hard work, and much or put it into a vase at home, and see. It dirt, to extract him: but if you are fond of lies motionless, trailing itself among the shells, secure one or two of those beautiful gravel; you cannot tell where it begins or piok and straw-colored scallops, who have ends; it may be a dead strip of sea-weed, gradually incorporated the layers of their Himanthalia lovea perhaps, or Chorda filum; lower valve with the roughnesses of the or even a tarred string. 'So thinks the little stone, destroying thereby the beautiful form fish who plays over and over it, till he touches which belongs to their race, but not their at last.what is too surely a head. In an in- | delicate color. There are a few more bistant a bell-shaped sucker mouth has fast- valves, too, adhering to the stone, and those ened to his side. In another instant, from rare ones, and two or three delicate Manone lip, a concave double proboscis, just like geliæ and Nasæ are trailing their graceful a tapir's (another instance of the repetition i spires up and down in search of food. That of forms), has clasped him like a finger; and little bright red and yellow pea, too, touch it now begins the struggle; but in vain. He —the brilliant colored cloak is withdrawn, is being " played” with such a fishing-line as and instead, you have a beautifully ribbed

“ the skill of a Wilson or a Stoddart never pink cowry,I our only European representacould invent; a living line, with elasticity tive of that grand tropical family. Cast one beyond that of the most delicate fly rod, wondering glance, too, at the forest of zoöwhich follows every lunge, shortening and phytes and corals, Lepraliæ and Flustre, lengthening, slipping and twining round every and those quaint blue stars, set in brown piece of gravel and stem of sea-weed, with jelly, which are no zoophytes, but respectaa tiring drag such as no Highland wrist or ble molluscs, each with his well-formed mouth step could ever bring to bear on salmon or on and intestines, but combined in a peculiar trout. The victim is tired now; and slowly, form of Communism, of which all one can and yet dexterously, his blind assailant is say is, that one hopes they like it; and that, feeling and shifting along his side, till be at all events, they agree better than the hereaches one end of him ; and then the black roes and heroines of Mr. Hawthorne's Blithe. lips expand, and slowly and surely the curv- dale Romance. ed finger begins packing him end-foremost Now away, and as a specimen of the ferdown into the gullet, where he sinks, inch tility of the water-world, look at this rough by inch, till the swelling which marks his list of species,|| the greater part of which place is lost among the coils, and he is pro- are on this very stone, and all of which you * Saricava rugosa.

Pecten pusio. Cypræa Europaa. § Botrylli. | Molluscs.

Molluscs-continued Polypescontinued. Doris tuberculata. Cynthia, -2--species.

Sertularia rugosa. Bilineata. Botryllus, do.

fallax. Eolis papillosa. Sydinum?







might obtain in an hour, would the rude tide | iature, an'analogy to those deep

« barranwait for zoologists; and remember, that the cos which split the high table-land of number of individuals of each species of Mexico, down whose awful cliffs, swept by polype must be counted by tens of thousands, cool sea- a-breezes, the traveller looks from and also, that, by searching the forest of sea- among the plants and animals of the temperweeds which covers the upper surface, we ate zone, and sees, far below, dim through sbould probably obtain some twenty minute their everlasting vapor-bath of rank hot species more.

steam, the mighty forms and gorgeous colors A goodly catalogue this, surely, of the in- of a tropic forest. habitants of three or four large stones; and yet how small a specimen of the multitudi- “I do not wonder," says Mr. Gosse, in his nous nations of the sea. From the bare rocks charming “ Naturalist's Rambles on the Devonabove high-water mark, down to abysses tunity of seeing some of those beautiful quiet ba

"* " that when Southey had an oppordeeper than ever plummet sounded, is life, sins hollowed in the living rock, and stocked with everywhere life ; fauna after fauna, and flora elegant plants and animals, having all the charm after flora, arranged in zones, according to of novelty to his eye, they should have moved his the amount of light and warmth which each poetic fancy, and found more than one place in species requires, and to the amount of pres- the gorgeous imagery of his oriental romances. sure which they are able to endure. “The Just listen to him: crevices of the highest rocks, only sprinkled “It was a garden still beyond all price, with salt spray in spring-tides and high gales, Even yet it was a place of paradise ; have their peculiar little univalves, their

crisp lichen-like sea-weeds, in myriads; lower And here were coral bowers, down, the region of the Fuci (bladder-weeds)

And grots of madrepores, has its own tribes of periwinkles and limpets;

And banks of sponge, as soft and fair to eye
As e'er was mossy

bed below again, about the neap-tide mark, the

Whereon the wood-nymphs lie region of the corallines and Alge furnishes

With languid limbs in summer's sultry hours. food for yet other species, who graze on its Here, too, were living flowers, watery meadows; and beneath all, only un- Which, like a bud compacted, covered at low spring-tide, the zone of the Their purple cups contracted; Laminaria (the great tangles and oar-weeds)

And now, in open blossom spread, is most full of all of every imaginable form

Strech’d, like green anthers, many a seeking

head. of life. So that, as we descend the rocks, we

And arborets of jointed stone were there, may compare ourselves (likening small things

And plants of fibres fine as silkworm's thread: to great) to those who, descending the Andes, Yea, beautiful as mermaid's golden hair pass in a single day from the vegetation of

Upon the waves dispread. the Arctic zone to that of the Tropics. And

Others that, like the broad banana growing, here and there, even at half-tide level, deep

Rais'd their long wrinkled leaves of purple hue, rock-basins, shaded from the sun, and always

Like streamers wide outflowing.' full of water, keep up, in a higher zone, the

(Kehama, xvi. 5.) vegetation of a lower one, and afford, in min- “ A hundred times you might fancy you saw Pleurobranchus plumula.

Plumularia falcata. Neritina.


setacea. Cypræa.

Laomedea geniculata. Trochue, —2 species.

Phyllodoce, and other Nereid Campapalaria volubilis. Mangelia.

Actinia mesemburyanthemum. Triton.

Polynoe squamata. Trophon

clavata. Nana,-2 species.


anguicoma. Cerithium.

crassicornia, Sigaretus.

4 or 5 species.

Tubulipora patina. Fissurella

hispida. Arca lactea.


serpens. Pecten pusio.

Crisia eburnea.
Tapes pallastra.
Echipius miliaris.

Cellepora pumicosa.
Kellia suborbicularis.
Asterias gibbosa.

Lepraliæ,-many species. Sphænia Binghami. Ophiocoma neglecta.

Membranipora pilosa. Saxica va rugosa. Cucumaria Hyndmanni.

Cellularia ciliata. Gastrochena pholadia.


scruposa. Pholas parva.


reptans. Anomie-2 or 3 species. Sertularia pumila.

Flustra membranacea, &c. * P. 187.


the type, the very original of this description, spot with a strange longing to follow them tracing, line by line, and image by image, the de- under the waves, and became for ever a tails of the picture; and acknowledging, as you companion of the fair semi-human forms proceed, the minute truthfulness with which it has been drawn. For such is the loveliness of with which the Hellenic poets peopled their nature in these secluded reservoirs, that the ac

sunny bays and firths, feeding his “silent complished poet, when depicting the gorgeous

flocks” far below, on the green

Zostera beds, scenes of eastern mythology-scenes the wildest or basking with them on the sunny ledges in and most extravagant that imagination could the summer noon, or wandering in the still paint-drew not upon the resources of his prolific bays or sultry nights, amid the choir of fancy for imagery here, but was well content to Amphitrite and her sea-nymphsjot down the simple lineaments of nature as he saw her in plain, homely England. “ It is a beautiful and fascinating sight for

Joining the bliss of the gods, as they waken the those who have never seen it before, to see the

coves with their laughter, little shrubberies of pink coralline—the arborets of jointed stone'-that fringe those pretty pools.

In nightly revels, whereof one has sung :It is a charming sight to see the crimson, banana

So they came up in their joy; and before them like leaves of the Delesseria waving in their dark- the roll of the surges est corners; and the purple fibrous tufts of Poly

Sank, as the breezes sank dead, into smooth, siphonia and Ceramia, fine as silkworm's

green, foam-flecked marble thread.' But there are many others which give Awed ; and the crags of the cliffs, and the pines variety and impart beauty to these tide-pools. of the mountains were silent. The broad leaves of the Ulva, finer than the finest So they came up in their joy, and around them the cambric, and of the brightest emerald-green, lamps of the sea-nymphs, adorn the hollows at the highest level, while at the Myriad fiery globes, swam heaving and panting ; lowest, wave tiny forests of the feathery Ptilota and rainbows, and Dasya, and large leaves, cut into fringes and

Crimson, and azure, and emerald, were broken in furbelows, of rosy Rhodymenic. All these are star-showers, lighting, lovely to behold; but I think I admire, as much

Far in the wine-dark depths of the crystal, the as any of them, one of the commonest of our

gardens of Nereus, marine plants, Chondrus crispus. It occurs in Coral, and sea-fan, and tangle, the blooms and the greatest profusion on this coast, in every pool the palms of the ocean. between tide-marks; and everywhere—except in So they went on in their joy, more white than the those of the highest level, where constant ex- foam which they scattered, posure to light dwarfs the plant, and turns it of a Laughing, and singing, and tossing, and twining, dull umber-brown tint-it is elegant in form and wbile


the Tritons brilliant in color. The expanding, fan-shaped Blinded with kisses their eyes, unreproved, and fronds, cut into segments, cut, and cut again, above them in worship make fine bushy tufts in a deep pool ; and every Fluttered the terns, and the sea-gulls swept past segment of every frond reflects a fush of the

them on silvery pinions, most lustrous azure, like that of a tempered

Echoing softly their laughter; around them the sword-blade."-Gosse's Devonshire Coast, pp. wantoning dolphins 187-189.

Sighed as they plunged, full of love; and the

great sea-horses which bore them And the sea bottom, also, has its zones, Curved up their crests in their pride to the deliat different depths, and peculiar forms in Pawing the spray into gems, till a fiery rainfall, peculiar spots, affected by the currents and Pawing the spray into gems, till a fiery rainfall, the nature of the ground, the riches of which Sparkled and gleamed on the limbs of the maids, have to be seen, alas ! rather by the imagi- and the coils of the mermen. nation than the eye ; for such spoonfuls of So they went on in their joy, bathed round with the treasure as the dredge brings up to us,

the fiery coolness, come too often rolled and battered, torn from Needing nor sun nor moon, self-lighted, imtheir sites, and contracted by fear, mere hints

mortal; but others to us of what the populous reality below is Pitiful, floated in silence apart ; on their knees

lay the sea-boys, like. And often, standing on the shore at whelmed by the roll of the surge, swept down by low tide, has one longed to walk on and in the anger of Nereus; under the waves, as the water-ousel does in Hapless, whom never again upon quay or on the pools of the mountain-burn, and see it

strand shall their mothers all but for a moment; and a solemn beauty Welcome with garlands and vows to the temples ; and meaning has invested the old Greek fable Gaze over island and 'main for the sails which of Glaucus the fisherman, how he ate of the

return not; they heedless herb which gave his fish strength to leap back Sleep in soft bosoms for ever, and dream of the into their native element, and, seized on the surge and the sea-maids.

So they passed by in their joy, like a dream, down, Heaven forbid that those should say so, the murmuring ripples.

whose wanderings among rock and pool

have been mixed up with holiest passages of Such a rhapsody may be somewhat out of friendship and of love, and the intercommuorder, even in a popular scientific article ; nion of equal minds and sympathetic hearts, and yet one cannot help at moments envying and of the laugh of children drinking in the old Greek imagination, which could health from every breeze, and instruction at inform the soulless sea-world with a human every step, running ever and anon with life and beauty. For, after all, star-fishes proud delight to add their little treasure to and sea-anemones are dull substitutes for their father's stock, and of happy, friendly Sirens and Tritons; the lamps of the sea- evenings spent over the microscope and the nymphs, those glorious phosphorescent vase, in examining, arranging, preserving, medusæ, whose beauty Mr. Gosse sets forth noting down in the diary the wonders and so well with pen and pencil, are not as at- the labors of the happy, busy day. No; tractive as the sea-nymphs themselves would such short glimpses of the water world as be; and who would not, like Ulysses, take our present appliances afford us, are full

old man of the sea himself asleep enough of pleasure ; and we will not envy upon the rocks, rather than one of his seal. Glaucus; we will not even be over anxious herd ; probably, too, with the same result as for the success of his only modern imitator, the world-famous combat in the Antiquary the French naturalist, who is reported to between Hector and Phæa ? And yet- have just fitted himself with a waterproof is there no human interest in these pursuits, dress and breathing apparatus, in order to more human, ay, and more divine, than there walk the bottom of the Mediterranean, and would be even in those Triton and Nereid see for himself how the world goes on at the dreams, if realized to sight and sense ? I fifty-fathom line.

the gray

From Fraser's Magazine.


On the morning of the 12th of November, of its emotions. The actor's task is fulfilled expired at his residence in Saville Row, when the curtain descends upon his last imCharles Kemble, the last survivor of a triad personation. of artists, whose names are written indelibly Yet we are unwilling that the name of in the annals of dramatic art.

Charles Kemble, so long and intimately asThe life of an actor, so far as it is an ob- j sociated as it has been with the brightest orject of public interest, closes with his scenic naments and the most intellectual age of the farewell. The decease of an actor, and drama, should be written on the roll of death especially of one long withdrawn from the without some accompanying comment and stage, might therefore attract little notice at commemoration. The poet, the painter, the any time beyond the circle of his immediate sculptor, and the architect perpetuate their friends; and at the present moment of anx fame in their works; but it is the hard conious anticipation, is more than ordinarily lia- dition of the actor, that his art is for the ble to pass from the register of the living present only; he bas no patent for futurity with merely a brief expression of regret. --neither marble nor canvas, nor“ breathing Johnson, indeed, declared that the death of thoughts and burning words” embalm his Garrick eclipsed the gayety of a nation. But I genius. With the generation which beheld this was a friendly hyperbole: the nation him his image and his influence pass away, laughed and wept as before, although the We are not in the number of those who mighty master no longer touched the chords regard with indifference the condition of the

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