« VorigeDoorgaan »
O Memory ! thou of foes the worst—
And yet thou art the best of friends,
t" Dissolution or susp ENsion of the Society Fon rh E Diffusion of Us EFU L KNow . EDGE.The act effecting the above, which we intimated to the public above a month ago, has now been officially announced by the committee, which has issued a printed address on the occasion. In this, a review of their operations during twenty years, since the foundation in 1826, is put forth, and much merit is claimed for the political, religious, and educational fruits produced by them, and also for the improvement in publishing cheap books. The great scheme of the “Biographical Dictionary" is (as we always said it must be abandoned; and the subscribers must be content with the letter A, finished in seven half-volumes, and which at its pace must have taken far more than half-acentury to complete. A loss of nearly 5000l. occurred on this letter: it would have been a pretty sum when the alphabit came to z. A contingent hope is held out (a hopeless hope, we fear) that the publication may be resumed. The address proceeds to say:—“With respect to the Society, however, the failure of the “Biographical Dictionary,' though one of the circuinstances which have led to its present situation, is only to be considered in that light in connection with another of a more material, and much more gratifying, character. The Society's work, is done, for its greatest, object is achieved—fully, fairly, and permanently. The public is supplied with cheap and good literature to an extent which the most sanguine friend of human improvement could not, in 1826, have hoped to have witnessed in twenty years. The powerful contributors to this great object, who have been taught by the Society how to work without the Society, may almost be reckoned by the hundred, and there is hardly a country in Europe, from Russia to Spain, which has not seen the Society's publications in its own language, and felt their influence on its own system of production. * + * “In conclusion, the committee congratulate all who feel as they do upon the spirit of improvement now so actively displayed, and trust that it
will not tire until it has achieved the universal education of the people. As employed in effecting their object by printed publications, which are principally addressed to those who have received some mental culture, they have always felt that the door of communication between them and large masses of the community was but a very little way open. But they have the satisfaction of seeing and knowing that at least there is now no further obstacle to those who have made the first step, and of feeling that they have been instrumental in removing the subsequent hindrance. The time is coming, they trust, when all will act upon what most now see, namely, that knowledge, though it adds power to evil, adds tenfold power to good ; when there shall be no part of the community on which this maxim shall not have been verified; and when the Society for the Diffusiou of Useful Knowledge shall be co-extensive with society itself.”—Literary Guzette.
INDIAN Vocabulary.—To assist such of our readers as may be occasionally at a loss in reading the Indian news, from ignorance of the language, we subjoin the meaning of a few words most commonly in use in the newspapers:– Baboo-a Hindoo title, answering to our Esquire; begum—princess; a bungalo—a cottage made of bamboo and mats, with proj cting thatched roof; coolie—a porter; coss—about two miles; cumberland—a sash; cutlaw—a magistrate; dak— the post; decoit—a river pirate; dewan—a prime minister, and sometimes an agent; dhoobe -a letter; dooab–a tract of country between two rivers; dustoor—custom ; durbar—the court or council; faki—a religious mendicant; seringee —a European; firman—a royal order; ghat—in the east, a landing place—in the west and south, a pass of a mountain, or a mountain range ; guicwar—a sovereign; havildar—an officer in the army; hooka—a pipe ; houdah—a seat on an elephant; hurkaru—messenger; jaghire—an estate assigned by Government; jungle—a thicket;
Wholesomr conferm ENT Ed Bread.—Thirty years ago Dr. Thomas Thomson, the very able professor of chemistry in Glasgow, recommended a process for making wholesome bread different from that prod-ced by the common practice of what is called “raising it” through the means of fermentation, which only subserves the purpose of generating carbonic acid. Instead of this, the doctor showed how much better bread could be made by employing certain proportions of carbonate of soda and muriatic acid; and the advice he then gave had considerable effect upon the public. But, like too many useful things, it seems to have been lost sight of and abandoned, and old habits to have prevailed in this most essential reparation of human food. A little o y “A Physician” (Taylor and Walton), has just issued from the press, renewing the instructions and earnestly impressing the value of the change, which we cordially approve. Among the interesting incidental matter touched upon, that which refers to brown bread seems to us to deserve the attention of every family in the emIre. po It may not be out of place to observe, that mistaken notions respecting the quality of different sorts of bread have given rise to much waste in another way. The general belief is, that bread made with the finest flour is the best, and that whiteness is the proof of its quality; but both these opinions are popular errors. The whiteness may be, and generally is, communicated by alum, to the injury of the consumer; and it is known by men of science, that the bread of unrefined flour will sustain life, while that made with the refined will not. Keep a man on brown bread and water, and he will live and enjoy good health ; give him white bread and water only, and he will gradually sicken and die. The meal of which the first is made contains all the ingredients essential to the composit on or nourishment of the various structures composing our bodies. Some of these ingrediens are removed by the miller in his efforts to please the public ; so that fine flour, instead of being better than the meal, is the least nourishing; and, to make the case worse, it is also the most difficult of digestion. The loss is, therefore, in all respects, a waste; and it seems desirable that the admirers of white
bread (but especially the poor) should be made acquainted with these truths, and brought to inquite whether they do not purchase at too dear a rate the privilege of indulging in the use of it. The unwise preference given so universally to white bread led to the pernicious practice of mixing alum with the flour, and this again to all sorts of adulterations and impositions; for it enabled bakers, who were so disposed, by adding more and more alum, to make bread made from the flour of an inferior grain look like the best or the most costly, and to dispose of it accordingly ; at once defrauding the purchaser, and tampering with his health. It is one of the advantages of the effervescing process, that it would put an end to all such practices, as its materials and alum are incompatible. “Among the matters removed by the miller are the larger portion of the saline substances, which are indispensable to the growth of the bones and teeth, and are required, although in a less degree, for their daily repair. Brown bread should, therefore, be given to nurses, and to the young or the growing, and should be preferred by all, of whatever age, whose bones show a tendency to bend, or who have weak teeth. It is believed that brown bread will generally be found the best by all persons who have sluggish bowels, and stomachs equal to the digestion of the bran. But with some it will disagree, for the bran is too exciting to irritable bowels, and is dissolved with difficulty in some stomachs. When this happens, the bran should be removed, either wholly or in part; and by such means the bread may be adapted, with the greatest ease, to all habits and all constitutions.”—Literary Gazette.
Pronunciation of INDIAN Proper NAMEs. —1. All names ending in ‘un' have the accent on the last syllable, and the “an' is sounded like the Scotch ah, or nearly aw, thus Moultan is pronounced Multawn. The same remark applies to words terminating in “ab'—thus the river Chenab is sounded Chunawb with the first syllable rapidly uttered, and the full weight of the sound on the “aub.’ ‘Punjawb' is another illustration. 2. Compounds of the words Feroze have the accent on the syllable “oze, not on ‘poor' or shah' as one often hears it. Ferozepoor must be uttered in three syllables. 3. ‘I' has the sound of ‘ee —Sikh is pronounced “Seek, not Sheek nor Syke.
Increasing Strength or the BRitish Navy. —According to the late official returns, it appears there are upwards of 100 ships of war now building at our }. arsenals, among which are no less than 35 steam frigates and other war steamers; four 36 gun frigates; ten 50 gun frigates; ten ships of the line, averagi, g from 80 to 84 guns each—viz., the Agamemnon, the Colossus, the Irresistible, the Majestic, the Meeanee, the Brunswick, the Cressy, the Lion, the Mars, and the San Pariel; six ships of the line of 90 guns each—viz the Aboukir, the Exmouth, the Princess Royal, the Algiers, the Hannibal, and the St Jean d'Acre; six ships of the line, first-rates, of 110 guns each—viz, the Marlborough, the Royal Fr derick, the Victoria, the Prince of Wales, the Royal Sovereign, and the Windsor Castle; and lastly, the Royal Albert, of 120 guns.
Detached Thoughts; From JEAN Paul Richt ER.—A true comforter must often take away from the mourner all ordinary topics of consolation, and lead him where only the highest can be of any avail.
A perpetual calm would hinder the fructification of flowers. Let this console us under sufferIng.
The involuntary sanctification in our minds of the dead—wherefore ?, whence 2 Not from a life-long absence merely ; for then a voyage to America would produce it. It is rather the idea of the change in the departed, the * off of his body, his novel circumstances, his new relations, whence he looks down. upon all here as earthly.
Memory is the highest gift; we do not feel it to be so, because we only partially lose it, and generally retain it in great things; but let a man every moment forget others, and then see what he would be. We are the creatures of the past, therefore, of memory. To deprive us of memory, would be to thrust us naked, destitute, into the mere present, only the moment after to strip us of memory again.
A good action shines out upon us in the deceased—it is the precious stone which the Mexicans place amid the ashes of the dead, that it may represent the heart.
How does human love still pine after, still stretch forth its arms to clasp the fading images that still elude its grasp ! It would make for itself an eternity out of the transitory and the perishing!
Were there not a lurking disbelief of immortality, there would be far more courage in death, more content in life, and less over-value for it.
There are persons who, endowed with a higher sense, but with weaker powers than active talent, rec, ive in their soul the great world-spirit, whether in outward lise, or in the inner life of fiction and of thought, who remain true and faithful to it, as the tend r wife to the strong man, but who, when they would express their love, can only utter broken sounds, or speak otherwise than they wish. If the man of talent may be called the merry imitative ape of genius, these are the silent, serious, upright woodmen, to whom sate has denied the power of speech. If, as the Indians think, the animals are the dumb of the earth, these are the dumb of heaven.
The spirit is as invisible as its speech, but what does there not lie of all that is lofty, all that is life, in a single word 2 Is it lost when the air on which it has been wasted has passed away 2
We speak of life being taken, when it is only years that are taken.
There is something so great in a single good action, that the man who, in his whole life, has
performed even one, can never be wholly despicable.
It is our eyes, and not the microscope, that deceives us. It could not create or show what is not. The earth may be infinitely greater.
Let a man be ever so much upon his guard against a flatterer, there are still a few points at which he is accessible.
How many thousands of little means must a man have recourse to, before he can accomplish any thing great!
We should sooner learn to know men if we did not regard every action as the result of a fixed principle. Caprice prevents their adherence to it; and, therefore, we ought not to draw any conclusion as to character from a single aclion.
A man, in the enjoyment of any pleasure, may have only a delight of the senses; but he who beholds that man's enjoyment with a sympathizing eye, has a heart-delight.
He who has about ten things a single original unhackneyed thought, has many such about a hundred things.
It is one in , the contradictions of man's nature, his knowledge that he has these contradictions.
Fancy, or the creative power, is the world-soul of the soul, the element-spirit of the other powers. Experience, and the varied influences of the mind, tear but leaves from the book of nature. Fancy forms these parts into a whole. It brings even the absolute and the infinite nearer the reach of reason, and renders them more discernible to mortal man. It employs itself with the future and the past, because no other time can become infinite or totalized. Not from a room full of air, but from the whole height of the atmosphere, is the ethereal blue of heaven formed.
He who is not growing wiser has never been wise.
He who in his sphere, however circumscribed, perfects, as far as in him lies, all duty and all self-denial, not merely in doing, but in abstaining, needs for his growth in virtue no extraordinar circumstance, no unusual occasion; should ...}. arrive, it finds his already grown.
He who has not courage enough to be a fool in his own way, will scarcely have sufficient to be wise in his own way.
How pensive we are made by a beautiful night —by lovely scenery—by the sound of music—by reflection on the infinite—by the shadowy-tinted cliffs of the futuro "
The greatest sorrow is the loss of the beloved by a death not preceded by illness, or, which is one and the same thing, by death taking place while at a distance from us.