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each other oftentimes, though we would gladly do so. We are not sufficient to shield ourselves in a thousand seen and unseen dangers, which hourly threaten souls and our bodies. But one is our shield who alone is every where, who alone knows every thing, who is Himself the only source of strength; can we not trust Him whose love is as deep as his power is high? If we do make the Lord our confidence," nothing can harm us," though there will doub:less be much to try, very much to wound us. Be Thou, O Lord God, our Sun to guide, to cheer, to quicken us. Be Thou our all-sufficient shield to protect us from all adversities which may happen to the body, and from all evil thoughts which may assault and hurt the soul, through our Redeemer and Saviour Jesus Christ. Amen.
NOVEL FILTERER. An ingenious, novel, and very efficacious method of filtering water has lately been contrived by a Mr. Truman, who has secured his invention by a patent, and who has been employed at Windsor Castle to produce pure water for the use of the inmates of the palace. The filterer there used filters 100 gallons of water daily. There is one, on the same principle, being placed in the house of the duke of Sutherland, in the Green-park, which, when completed, will filter 1000 gallons of water daily; and the inventor affirms, that he will undertake by his method to filter any quantity that may be required for extensive consumption, either by brewers, manufacturers, or water companies. The filter or filterer is a cylinder, formed of a porous stone of peculiar quality ; that which is exhibited at No. 70 in the Strand is four inches thick ; through this substance nothing passes but the pure element, all foreign and deleterious substances being stopped. To force a passage for the water, hydraulic pressure is employed at a rate sufficient to cause an incessant and rapid supply. The simplicity of the construction of this instrument or machine is its great recommendation, and in that it is superior to the numerous kinds of filters generally employed, which, though
they have their benefits, are almost all, to a certain degree, complex or defective. This simplicity of con-. trivance ensures the lasting properties of the filter ; indeed, it would appear that it can receive little or no injury from wear and tear, neither does it require to be continually cleansed or put to rights, as it in a manner purifies itself at the same time that it purifies the water that passes through it. The invention has been submitted to the attention of the Lords of the Admiralty, who have had the machine fixed at the Admiralty, and expressed their approval of it. It is, indeed, applicable to the filtration of sea-water, which it purifies with rapidity, and makes clear, soft, and fit for drinking, and, in emergencies, would be an excellent apparatus in ships, &c.
HINTS ON DOMESTIC ECONOMY.
No now, perhaps, the good wife will not be displeased if we tell her how she may make money by saying it, as well as by earning it; for there is an old and true saying, that “A penny saved is a penny earned.' What is true of a penny is true of a shilling ;-and what is true of a shilling, is true of a pound : and we are quite sure that a shilling saved is a shilling earned ;---therefore, if the good wife, through having a young family to attend to, cannot earn a few shillings, and keep her home pleasant and comfortable at all times for her husband to come home to, she can, by good management, save a few shillings, and at the same time be acting as wise and respectable people act.
"It should be remembered that there are always certain times of the year when herbs, roots, and many other articles, may be purchased at a quarter of the price which such things will cost you if they have to be bought just at the moment you want them; therefore the good wife will be sure to lay in at the cheap season, and save money this way.
“ Above all, never buy on credit ;--if you once do this, you are a slave to the shopkeeper who gives you credit, and you will always be poor, for the tradesman must
charge you more for every thing he sells you, than if you pay ready money; because he must make you pay, first, for the use of his money, and next, to make up for those who do not pay him, and for the bad debts on his books. Indeed, it is reckoned, that you do not get above ten shillings' worth of goods for every fifteen shillings you pay, in all such dealings: therefore save money by never getting into debt.
“Never buy small quantities of tea and sugar, nor pennyworths or half-penny worths of any thing, as a shop-keeper is put to the same trouble to serve a pennyworth, as a pound; and to pay himself for his time and trouble, he does and must either give you a very small quantity of an inferior article, or charge you double price for a good one ;—besides, how much do you lose in loss of time (for time is money) by going or sending continually for little quantities of things.
“Much as a good wife may save by thus buying with ready money at the proper times, and by preparing cheap and nourishing meals, she can also save money in another way, and at the same time be keeping her husband's home comfortable, and that is, by the proper management of her children.
" It is a very old and very true saying, that good mistresses make good servants, which means, that those who teach servants to do their work in regular order and in a proper manner, and take the trouble to see that it is properly done, make them good and valuable servants, so it is equally true that good parents make good children. Therefore, a regular, neat, and clean method of doing the house-work, in a working man's family, should be practised by every mother, not only for the general comfort, and as an example to her children ; but, for the benefit of her children, she should also take the pains and the patience to teach them to do it in a proper manner, to form them to habits in every way so essential to their future welfare; in fact, to make them good children. And it may truly be said, that a mother who takes such pains and patience thus to bring up her children to the practice of industry, regularity, and cleanliness, gives them a fortune more valuable than money can bestow, and lays a good foundation for their future prosperity and happiness. And now let us try to show the good wife how this may be accomplished.
“The industry of the children should be first directed to the performance of those household duties which are fitted for their various ages; and the instruction of them in these duties, and the seeing that they do them, is a much greater real good, and a very much greater kindness, in a mother, than doing all the work herself, even though she should be obliged to sit down and look on while she directs them.
“ All children, both boys and girls, should be taught to knit; for if the weather is bad when they come from school, or if they are tired with running about, when it is good weather, and sit down to rest, their attention should be engaged in some way, and the employment of knitting may be made quite amusing to them, if you encourage them to do it by the promise of some little present, or reward, when they have finished any thing; such as a penny for a pair of garters, two-pence for new footing a stocking, and something more for making one; taking the utmost care always to give them whatever you have promised; and never, on any account, deceive them, or break your word. If you act thus, and do not keep them long at it at any time, so as to make it irksome, you will soon see with what pleasure to themselves they will perform their little works, and what a share of that pleasure you will yourself experience.
"Aş they grow older, the girls should be taught to dust the room, to lay the cloth for breakfast and dinner, to mend their own clothes, and any thing else which will be of assistance to you, and useful for them to be able of do; but, bear in mind that they should be taught patiently and kindly to do only one thing at a time, and when they can do that one thing neatly, and well, and have done it so for some time, then teach them another, but not before. You may even make them proud of doing such things properly, by telling them, that if they do what you are trying to teach them neatly and well, you will show them how to do something else.
“As they grow up, you should put them to do other domestic duties, as in assisting you to make the beds, to
clean the house, and also in cooking, and washing. And you should remember that it is essential that you should, so soon as their age will permit, have their assistance in this sort of work, for washing is a job which, particularly in a working man's home, where it is generally obliged to be done in the living room, ought to be done out of the way as quickly as possible, as keeping up a fire for washing is very expensive, besides the sloppiness and disagreeableness of it; for which reason it should be all out of the way before the good man, comes home from his day's work.
“ The boys also should be taught, as early as possible, to clean their own shoes, then those of their sisters, and then their mother's and father's shoes. After that they should be set to clean the knives and forks, to fetch water, or do any thing else which may be more fitting for boys than girls to perform.” [The above is taken from a very useful little book, entitled “Cheap Cookery: or, how working people may live well on a small income, ,” which is full of useful receipts for the poor.]
MIXTURE FOR BREAD.
A THIRD of the four of maize, or barley, or potatoes, with a third of good flour and a third of flour from heated or moulded grain, produces bread fully equal to that made with two-thirds of good and one-third of damaged flour. There is no difference from the ordinary mode of making it, only in using maize or potatoes, the oven should be less heated than for barley or oats, and least so for potatoes. One half barley and one half wheat is equal to good bread of wheat flour alone. Half maize and half wheat is an excellent bread. In general, potatoes, when dry, may serve for one half, and when fresh or new, for twothirds, or even four-fifths, in making household bread, Four-fifthis is the greatest quantity that has been employed with advantage, and with uniform success.
Donovan's Domestic Economy.
NOTICES TO CORRESPONDENTS. We have received the communications of L. S. R.; P. S. L.; A Layman ; M. A. C.; A constant Reader ; and M.P.