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one that hath shall be given;" by which men who professed to follow Origen miswe are assured that he who has gained in interpreted and misrepresented him. For this life some faint outline of truth and others he was the personification of opinknowledge, will have it completed in the ions which had been pronounced heretical age to come with the beauty of the perfect by those who had authority. Here and image.

there, however, a bold voice was still raised Such words, thrilling alike by their in his defence. “I do not choose,” said humility, and by their confidence, noble in a bishop, when appealed to to join in the the confession of the actual weakness of condemnation of his writings, * " to do outman, and invigorating by the assertion of rage to a nian who has long since fallen his magnificent destiny, can never grow to sleep in honor; nor am I bold enough old. They live by the inspiration of spir- to undertake a calumnious task in conitual genius, and through them Origen demning what those before us did not comes into vital contact with ourselves. reject. · The historian (a layman) He was himself greater than his actions, who has preserved the anecdote, pauses than his writings, than his method. The for a moment to point its moral.

“ Men," philosopher was greater than his system. he writes, “ of slender ability, who are He possessed the highest endowment of a unable to come to the light by their own teacher. He was able to give to the innu- fame, wished to gain distinction by blammerable crowd of doctors, confessors, mar- ing their betters. . . . Such men's accusatyrs, who gathered round him, not merely tions contribute, I maintain, to establish a tabulated series of formulas, but a living his reputation. • . . And they who revile energy of faith. He stirred, quickened, Origen forget that they calumniate Athakindled, as Gregory says, those who ap- nasius who praised him...."f proached him. He communicated not his But no individual devotion could turn words, but himself; not opinions so much the tide of opinion which had set in against as a fire of love. Even Erasmus found in Origen before the close of the fifth cen. this the secret of his charm. “He loved,” tury. It corresponded with an intellectual he says,*" that of which he spoke, and we revolution. For three centuries or more speak with delight of the things which Platonic idealism had been supreme. we love.” In the face of this purifying Aristotelian realism was now on the point passion, Origen's errors, however we may of displacing it. The signs of the change judge of them, are details which cannot can be noticed in theology and in politics. finally affect our judgment of the man. In one sense it was necessary as a condi.

During his lifetime there was undoubt- tion for the development of mediævalism. edly a strong party opposed to him. His The institutions of the past, which carried enemies represented a principle hie. with them the noblest memories and sym. rarchical supremacy and not only a bolized the old order, were now emptied of personal antipathy. Their bitterness was a their true life, and therefore not unieet to proof of bis influence. But even after his fall by the hands of an alien emperor. It condemnation at Alexandria his spiritual was the singular and significant fortune of supremacy was undisturbed. Dionysius Justinian to strike a threefold blow at the carried his spirit to the patriarchal throne. past — to close the schools of Athens, to Pamphilus, the martyr, solaced his impris- abolish the consulship at Rome, to procure onment by writing his defence. Even Jer- a formal condemnation of Origen. By a ome, before personal feelings had warped happy coincidence he warred in each cise his judgment, styled him “confessedly the with the dead, and he was not unworthy to master of the churches after the Apostles.” wage such a conflict which could bring no “I could wish,” he says, “to have his fruit and no glory. It would be idle to knowledge of the Scriptures, even if I had suppose that such a man could either sym. to bear the ill-will which attaches to his pathize with or understand the difficulties

or the thoughts of Origen. For good and So long as he was remembered as a for evil he was wholly cast in the mould of living power he was honored by the admi- formulas. He knew nothing higher than ration of the leaders of Christian thought. an edict. With less knowledge than But as time went on, the fashion of the Henry VIII., he aspired to be a defender Church changed. The freedom of specu- of the faith, and ended by compromising lation was confined, perhaps necessarily his reputation for orthodoxy. The specconfined, within narrower" limits. The

* Theotimus, “the bishop of Scythia.” Socr. H. E. Præf. in Orig. Opp.

| Id. vi. 13.


vi. 12.



tacle is for a moment one of unspeakable

SARAH DE BERENGER. sadness, Origen condemned on the im

BY JEAN INGELOW. peachment of Justinian. But the life of the martyr triumphed over the anathemas of the persecutor. Justinian could Aatter The return of Amias had, indeed, fol. himself that he killed again that which lowed closely on the conclusion of an had no life because it was false; but Ori- exciting occurrence. gen

the preacher of humility and pa- It was Thursday evening ; Felix always tience and reverence and hope and abso- had sull service then, and a sermon. lute devotion to the Divine Word - slept This was the favorite religious occasion on calmly in the tomb; and when“Greece of the week, and (except during the har. rose from the dead," as it has been finely vest) very well attended. A time-honored expressed, “ with the New Testament in institution; the ringers ushered it in with her hand,” he rose too to disclose once a cheerful peal. Then, when days were again fresh springs of truth. “I have long, the outlying hamlets, and not unsre. read," writes Erasmus to our own Colet in quently the adjacent parishes, contributed 1504, a great part of the works of Ori. their worshippers; and even some people gen; and under his teaching I think that I from the little town (former parishioners of have made good progress; for he opens, Felix) would walk over to join, and see so to speak, the fountains of theology, and how he fared. Then every old woman, as indicates the methods of the science.she came clattering up the brick aisle, felt

Even while Origen was still held to be some harmless pride in herself; she knew under the ban of the Church, he exercised she must be welcome, helping to swell the a strange fascination by the memories of congregation. She looked at Felix, as be his name. His salvation was a question stood gravely waiting in the desk, and he of the schools, and was said to have been looked at her. the subject of revelations. An abbot, so Then were given out long-winded hymns, the story ran, saw him in eternal torment dear to all the people. Then the rustic with the chief hæresiarchs, Arius and choir broke out into manifold quavers, and Nestorius. On the other hand, it was sang with a will. Then shrill, sweet voices alleged that it had been made known to of children answered, and farmers' wives St. Mechtildis * that "the fate of Samson, put in like quavers (but more genteelly), Solomon, and Origen was kept hidden in while the farmers themselves, and the the divine counsels, in order that the farmers' men, did their share with a gruff strongest, the wisest, and the most learned heartiness, not untuneful. Then, also, the might be filled with salutary fear.” Picus Methody folk," having no “ Bethel" of of Mirandula maintained in the face of their own, came to church, and expressed violent opposition, that it was more rea- their assent to the more penitential prayers sonable to believe in his salvation than by an audible sigh and an occasional groan.

A learned Jesuit has composed an They said of Felix that he was a gracious imaginary account of his trial before the young man, and knew how to hit hard; court of heaven, with witnesses, advo- which two qualities they considered to be cates, and accusers, in which he finally strictly harmonious. gives him the benefit of the doubt. “There But his own people gave him a good is a perplexed controversy," writes a Ger word as well. He had inherited this ser. man chronicler of the fifteenth century, vice from his predecessor, and finding it "in which sundry people engage about at a convenient hour and popular, kept it Samson, Solomon, Trajan, and Origen, up with loyal and dutiful care. They said whether they were saved or not. That I of him that " he had no pride; he didn't leave to the Lord.”

mind shouting for a poor man. Preached Such notices serve far more than a mo. just as loud and just as long, he did, in bad mentary surprise. They show that Ori- weather, when he had nobbut a few old gen, though practically unknown, still kept creeturs and poor Simon Graves the criphis hold on the interests of men ; that he ple for congregation, as when the most was still an object of personal love ; that chiefest draper and his lady walked over there is in the fact of a life of humble self- from the town to attend, as well as Mr. sacrifice something too majestic, too di- Pritchard the retired druggist, that kept vine, to be overthrown by ihe measured his own gig, and was said to be worih sentence of an ecclesiastical synod. some thousands of pounds." BROOKE F. WestcoTT. It is bardly needful to record that Felix

did not find the singing ridiculous. It was * See Bayle, Dict. Origène, note D. far from perfect praise, but he supposed it



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must be more acceptable than city music cursion. Not that any one thought of that, led by an organ, and sung by a paid or thought much about them, excepting choir.

Felix, who, fearing that Mrs. Snaith might There is something very pathetic in the not have seen them, and might risk her worship of the poor and 'rustic. They life for their sake, followed on after her at often think they oblige the clergyman by the top of his speed, leaving them bebind coming to church. And the old have a with his aunt Sarah. touching humbleness about them; they “ Yes!” exclaimed Sarah, when defeel a sincere sense of how worthless they scribing the scene afterwards to Amias. are in this world, which they could hardly “ There are occasions when decorum and have attained unless the young had helped dignity are forgotten. If you had seen them to it. The rich mix the world with what Felix looked like, rushing down the their prayers, so do the poor; thus - they lane with his surplice flying! An exagfeel that they come and say them with gerated owl suggested itself, or ghost their betters.

pursued by its creditors. These are the So this was a Thursday evening. Felix things that give Dissenters such a hold felt the solemn sweetness of the hour. It when they cry out for Disestablishment. was a clear, hot time of year, and all the However, by the time he overtook the doors and windows were open. He had clerk, he had got it off; he Aung it over an unusually large congregation, and had the old man's arm, who folded it up, and just mounted into the pulpit and given out laid it on the grass under a fir-tree." his text, when, to the astonishment of the Felix on this occasion found little scope people, instead of beginning to preach, he for the exercise of courage, and no opporstood bolt upright for an instant; then bis tunity of giving aid. The dry thatch was eyes, as it seemed involuntarily, fell on sending out an even breadth of flame to Mrs. Snaith (who sat just facing him), with the very middle of the road ; there was (as a look of such significance, that she in. he supposed) no approaching. There was stantly started up and rushed out at the great shouting; men as well as women chancel door.

were eagerly handing on fire-buckets, while She thought of the little girls, naturally; he searched the crowd for Mrs. Snaith, what had she in life but them?

and was told, to his amazement, that she The amazed congregation gaped at him. was inside the blazing premises. He had He turned to the schoolmistress, and say. scarcely heard it when she emerged from ing, “Keep all those children in their them, with a box under her arm. He and places,” closed his Bible and exclaimed to Mr. Bolton advanced to help her forward. the people generally, “ My friends, remem. Her gown was smoking, and some buckber tbat there are fire-buckets under the ets of water were thrown all over them tower, and that the nearest water is in my without ceremony, as their bearers, runpond. Mrs. Snaith's cottage is on fire.” ning up with them from the pond, saw the

The red light from it was already flaring state of the case. Mr. Bolton, dripping high, and making pink the whitewashed as he was, could not forbear to moralize. walls and his .gown. It had passed for a “Now, didn't I tell you, ma'am, 'twas too sunset Alush, till from his height he saw late? Your things were all alight. This what it meant; and saw the two little girls is one of the occasions when folks may be running hand in hand down the dusty lane, glad their goods ain't worth much, 'stead with loose hair flying. They were making of risking their precious lives to save their way, clad only in their white night them. Sit down, there's a good creature,” gowns, towards the church, for there they he continued, as he and Felix conducted doubtless knew that Mamsey was.

her to a grassy

bank. Thanks to the way in which he had Mrs. Snaith put a small box into the arranged his sentence, the mass of the hands of Felix, then sat down and wiped people, as they rushed out of church, ran her face. round to the tower, and when he himself “Your gown's no better than tinder," descended, he met the two little girls, continued Mr. Bolton, taking a neither hurt nor frightened, running up to advantage of her inability to the door. Each had a great doll — her “ Choked aʼmost, I can see. And you've best doll — under one arm; but when they got me a good suit of clothes spoilt very saw him, with childish modesty they sat near, and the water, that's black as ink, down on a grassy grave, and tucked their running over me and Mr. de Berenger, and little feet into their gowns. It was such a right into our shoes, just because you must very hot night, that there was no risk of needs save your Sunday bonnet. There's their taking harm from their evening ex. I nothing better in that box, I'll be bound.

mean answer.

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And I did tell you your Windsor chairs Felix had fortunately been only ar. were safe outside, before even we got out rayed at the time in a rusty old camlet of church, and your eight-day clock, and cassock; it was still in course of being your best fender and fire-irons." Here he slowly dried at the kitchen fire. Joliffe gave himself a shake, and a pool of water said it could take no damage; it was past enlarged itself at his feet.

that. This was a secret source of com“Let her alone,” said Felix, compas. fort to Mrs. Snaith. But she longed to sionately. “She thought the children explain matters, and she wanted to know were inside.

what had been done with her box. As “No, sir," said Mrs. Snaith recovering Felix opened the door to let her enter, she her voice, " I didn't."

felt a certain hint of disapproval in his Having thus dissipated his sympathy, voice, hoarse though it was. she got back her box from him, and he “ If you please, sir,” she began, "might also felt for the first time how wet he was. I see if the things in my box are safe?" He, too, felt inclined to moralize.

“Oh, your box," he answered, looking A good many buckets of water had by about him. “What did I do with it? this time been flung at the fire, but it There it is – just inside the fender. seemed to send all out in steam again, and You risked a great deal for that box, Mrs. before ever a straw of the thatch was wet Spaith." and just as the sunset Alush faded, all that He was sitting now at bis writing-table, had once been a habitation had gone up or and, pointing with his pen at the scorched gone down. · It was not. A thick black and smoky article, was surprised to see the cloud of pungent smoke brooded still eagerness with which she darted upon it, among the trees, and a soft, wet heap of as she replied, "Well, yes, sir; but what ashes was lying in the garden. The shout. else could I do? If I'd lost that, I should ing and excitement were over. It had never have forgave myself. I didn't ought been a very old cottage, and built of wood to have kept it in the copper, but I thought and plaster; dry weather had made the it was a safe place, too." thatch ready for a spark, which had come She set it on the table before him. from the chimney. Well

, it had been a “ This is a sort of thing that people call strange thing to see how fast it had melted a bandbox, is it not?” he inquired. down, or with what a rage of haste the surely kept nothing valuable in it?" flame and smoke of it had ascended; but, Yes, sir, I did. I thought, in case of after all, the people considered it had not thieves, they would never think of looking been what any one could call a tragical in a bandbox for what I'd got. It's full sight: nobody was injured, and there of papers and things, sir. All I have for was hardly any property in it worth men- maintaining the children, and schooling tioning

them, and that.” Felix was a little hoarse the next morn- Felix was struck with astonishment ing, after his wetting, when Mrs. Snaith when she opened it, and began to lay its knocked at his study door, and asked if contents before him. she might speak with him.

Why, this is property,” he exclaimed, She and her children had slept at the rec- taking up a paper. “This is a United tory; her eight-day clock had been accom- States bond, payable to bearer. If this modated in the kitchen, and was diligently had been burnt, the money it brings in ticking and striking against the clock of would have been lost, forfeited, and, as far the house. Her Windsor chairs, also her as I know, irreclaimable.” fender and fire-irons, some bedding, and a “Yes, I know, sir. I was fully warned." few toys, were disposed about a large, “By whom?" empty room. No need to apologize for Mrs. Snaith was not to be caught ; she their presence in it; they made it look made an evident pause here, choosing her more habitable.

words. These things had been saved by the first By him that gave them over to me, sir. man who discovered the fire, and who had He advised me to turn them into another carried the two little girls down-stairs be- kind of property so soon as I could. But fore he gave the alarm.

I never could exactly make out how. And Mrs. Snaith, over and above a sort of I was afraid it might be found out." contrition for the trouble her goods had She stopped and colored, as if vexed caused in their burning - or saving, as with herself, when she had said these last the case might be — was much vexed at words. He made as if he had not heard the drenching Mr. de Berenger had got, them; and she had such trust in him, and and the cold it had evidently given him. in his gentle manhood, that observing this,

" You

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she felt safe again, as if she had not made | he continued, seeing her look amazed, that little slip of the tongue.

“that the two children, being no relation “ Where is the list? You have a list of to you, could not, in case of your death, the papers, of course," continued Felix; claim to possess what is only payable to .and he had scarcely any doubt that he Hannah Snaith. Your own relations might should be shown his cousin John de Be- claim it, you see, and the children would renger's handwriting.

actually be cut out.” "I have no list, sir."

Mrs. Snaith, op hearing this, turned exFelix, full of surprise, paused again. tremely pale. She saw that she herself He had set a chair for her opposite to him- was, in case she died, so acting as to cut self, and as she took out paper after paper, her children out of the money which she and handed them to him across the narrow only cared to have for their sake. What table, he received each and scanned it with had she not sacrificed already for them? curiosity and interest.

How should she learn to do anything “ Would you like me to make a list for more ? you ?” he said at last.

“But surely there is a will,” continued “ I should be much obliged to you, sir. Felix, the strangeness of John's supposed Most of them have numbers I've no conduct growing on him. “No doubt, ticed that; and I have some of the num- though you may not be aware of it, some bers in my memory.".

other person, some other guardian, must “Do I understand that no list, even of have been appointed to meet such a case. the numbers, was given you ?"

Mrs. Snaith, still very pale, was silent. “ No, sir,” she replied, as if apologizing If she had only said so much as “I do not for the donor. “It were rather a hasty know," he would have been better satisthing, and a legal document cost money, fied.

A legal document! Well, Mrs. Snaith” “I take for granted that the person,

here he paused; he would not mention whoever he was, that made over this propa name, she having so carefully and point- erty to you, did so in full confidence that it edly refrained from doing so "Well, would be faithfully spent on and for these Mrs. Snaith, he showed great confidence children." in you that gave

these papers over to your To this appeal she still made no reply. charge."

She had for some time seen no cause to “ He hadn't any choice, sir," she put in, fear that her wretched husband would but rather faintly. ("I'll be bound he ever find her; she had left behind her, at hadn't !” thought Felix.) And she con- present divided among her own 'relations, tinued her sentence, “ And it was no more so much of the income as she felt it her than my due to have them."

duty to let him take, and she meant the “ Still, as I said, it was a great mark of children to inherit the remainder.“I may confidence," continued Felix," and far be die any day," was the thought now pressit from me to show less. But I may say, ing on her, and so sure as I die, they and I do, that it was a strange act of im- would advertise for my relations, let them prudence in you to keep this property by have it, and, unless they found out the jou in such a form, specially though (as truth, which would be still worse, my you admit) you were expressly warned not dears would be left penniless." to do so. Since you lived here you have, “Sir," she said at last, “if it please the as I remember, taken a journey several Lord, I hope I shall live to see my. times. Did you carry this box with you?” dear — young ladies

grow up." “Yes, sir; I went to get what they call The slight, the undefinable air of disapthe dividends paid. I sared to think I proval, daunted her. She was so much ought not to trouble you about this, but puzzled, so much agitated by the percepnow you have come to know

tion of how nearly she had lost everything, “ Well, Mrs. Snaith?”

and by his remark as to the children not Perhaps you wouldn't mind the trouble being related to her, that she had no intelof letting me understand how to turn them ligence at liberty for noticing that disapinto something safer invest' them over proval was an odd sensation for a man to again. You see, sir, if I were to die, it exhibit concerning a matter that was no would be very awkward."

affair of his. Still less did she think of " Very, indeed," said Felix, gravely; Sir Samuel's former notion, as perhaps “because, for anything that appears to the shared by Felix. She never doubted that contrary, this property is absolutely yours; the old man had received a letter from his so that,' if you died, not a shilling of it son, which had set the matter at rest. could be claimed for the children. I say,”. She often thought he had gone away be


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