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to the attendance-book interpolated bis and the République Française proposes

that upon this occasion the officers of the 4. On another occasion Lamb was ob- army should take the oath of fidelity to served to enter the office hastily and in an the Republic. It is therefore probable .excited manner, assumed no doubt for the that we shall witness here next' June a occasion, and to leave by an opposite door. ceremony like that of the Federation held He appeared no more that day. He stated on the Champ de Mars on the first annithe next morning, in explanation, that as versary of the fall of the Bastille, when he was passing through Leadenhall Mar- Louis XVI. accepted the tricolor on the ket on his way to the office he accidentally altar of the country, Monsignor de Talleytrod on a butcher's heel. “I apologized,” rand, Bishop of Autun, officiating. On said Lamb,“ to the butcher, but the latter the same Champ de Mars, fifteen years retorted: “Yes, but your excuses won't afterwards December 5, 1805 — there cure my broken heel, and me,' said was a grand distribution of eagles by Nahe, seizing his knife, “I'll have it out of poleon. you:

Lamb fled from the butcher and The question of the flag has on several in dread of his pursuit dared not remain occasions been a serious one. for the rest of the day at the India House. back to the cowl of St. Martin in the fifth This story was accepted as a humorous nor to the oriflamme of the seventh cenexcuse for taking a holiday without leave. tury, I may remind you that in the days of

5. An unpopular head of a department Louis XIV. the marshals who held 'high came to Lamb one day and inquired, command, like those of the army corps • Pray, Mr. Lamb, what are you about?” to-day, had for their emblem the white flag. "Forty, next birthday,” said Lamb. “I The king, jealous of the power of these don't like your answer,” said his chief. officers, deprived them of their emblem, “Nor I your question,” was Lamb's reply. and adopted it himself. Hence the white ALGERNON BLACK. flag became definitively the standard of

the monarchy. After the First Empire the white flag was naturally restored, but it was never popular; and so great was the

irritation of the court when Béranger pubFrom The Pall Mall Gazette.

lished his “Vieux Drapeauthat the THE FRENCH FLAG.

songster was prosecuted and sent to prison

Paris, March 11. for nine months. In the following lines A COUPLE of months ago orders for he had ventured to foretell the reappear. French colors were given - one hundred ance of the tricolor: and fifty-nine flags and one hundred and nineteen standards for the active army, and

Leipsic hath seen our eagles fall, one hundred and forty-five flags for the

Drunk with renown, worn out with glory;

But with the emblem of old Gaul territorial army; for since the FrancoGerman war ihe troops have only had

Crowning our standards, we'll recall

The brightest days of Valmy's story. temporary colors made of ordinary bunting instead of silk. The red, white, and blue And Béranger had hardly regained his will naturally remain, but the staff will freedom when Charles X. was driven from be surmounted by a lance-head, a laurel Paris, and the tricolor was once more wreath, and the letters R. F., standing for unfurled “with the emblem of old Gaul," République Française;" and the device or the cock, to crown it. The short will be

Country and Honor.". The tri- and spirited proclamation drawn up by color has the advantage of being the M. Thiers on behalf of Louis Philippe, emblem of the Orleanists, Imperialists, and placarded through Paris, ran thus: and Republicans; but the Orleanist staff “Charles X. cannot return to Paris; he was surmounted by a cock, and that of the has caused the blood of the people to flow. empire by an eagle, and the devices have The Republic would expose us to fearful also varied. The device adopted in the divisions, and would get us into trouble days of the First Revolution was, “ Disci- with Europe. The Duke of Orleans is a pline and Obedience to the Law;” under prince devoted to the cause of the RevoLouis Philippe it was “ Liberty and Public lution. The Duke of Orleans never fought Order;” and under the empire, as now, against us. The Duke of Orleans was at

Country and Honor.”. It appears that Jemmapes. The Duke of Orleans carried the new colors are to be handed to the the tricolor under fire; the Duke of Ortroops on the eighth of June, which, being leans can alone carry it again ; we will Trinity Sunday, is a great holiday here ; l have no one else. The Duke of Orleans

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has accepted the Charter. It is for the generals have written in high-flowing terms French people to offer him the crown.” of the flag, which, according to Marshal In 1848 the fag question gave rise to a Saxe, was more than an emblem very animated debate in the Republican religion. Napoleon declared that where Chamber, in consequence of the adoption the flag was France was; but in a celeof the red flag having been proposed. In brated order of the day he wrote: “On the the end it was determined to stick to the principle that the flag is France, soldiers tricolor, but to change the device to “ Lib- get married by the corporal; this scandal erty, Fraternity, and Equality.” Under must be put a stop to." i may add a word the Second Empire the eagles naturally with regard to the captured flags which returned; and it may be remembered that used to be hung in the Cathedral, and nothing told more against Marshal Bazaine hung so thickly by some commanders that on his trial than the fact of his not having Marshal Luxemburg was nicknamed the destroyed his colors before capitulating at upholsterer of Notre Dame. The trophies Metz.' In 1873 the flag question once were afterwards removed to the Invalides, more assumed great importance'; and it is where they were all burned by Marshal probable that Henri V. might now be sit- Serrurier in 1814. lest they should fall into ting on the throne of France had he not the hands of the Allies. In 1851, at the insisted on the restoration of the white funeral of Marshal Sebastiani, two hunflag. It is curious to remark that during dred and thirty-four more flags were acthe time the tricolor was absent from cidentally burned. Among the trophies France — that is to say, from 1815 to 1830 which were rescued on that occasion was - it floated in India, where it was adopted a union-jack, captured on board an English by the king of Lahore, Runjeet Singh, brig in 1813; eight pashas' tails, taken in whose troops were being organized by Egypt by General Bonaparte; and a few General Allard. A great many illustrious other interesting relics.

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LORD AUGUSTUS LOFTUS has recently for- THE January number of the Church Missionwarded to the Foreign Office, from St. Peters-ary Intelligencer contains a paper, entitled burg, a translation of a Russian letter from “Our Mission to the Afghans," which furCabul, descriptive of the journey of General nishes much matter of present interest regardStoletoff's mission from Samarcand, which ing Afghanistan and the manners and customs supplies some notes of interest respecting the of the people. This is followed by an article country traversed. The road selected for on the rediscovery and discovery of Africa. reaching the Oxus was through Huzar, Shira- From the “Notes of the Month” we learn bad, and Chushkogosar, which was traversed that Bishop Crowther, of the Niger mission, in five days. On this route the mission passed is about to form a new station at Sbonga, through the famous defile known in ancient eighty miles higher up the Kworra than Egan, times under the name of the “Iron Gates,” the present furthest station, and that an imand now called Burghasse Khana. The mis- portant journey has been made by a native sion crossed the Oxus in very primitive boats, agent at Asaba into a country hitherto unvisand marching by night, passed over a sandy ited, lying between the Niger and Yoruba. arid steppe, and next morning reached Kur. We are also informed that the Rev. G. M. shiak settlement, situated in a cultivated coun- Gordon has gone to Quettah with General try. They made three stages before reaching Biddulph, and hopes to be able to penetrate Mizar and Sheriff, where great crowds thronged into the interior of Afghanistan. the streets, and gazed with curiosity on the people from the distant north. After leaving Tashurgan, the party reached the spurs of the In the Colonies and India we find a note reHindu Kush, and journeyed to Cabul during specting the employment of sheep as beasts of twenty days. Ascending at first in gentle burden. In eastern Turkistan and Thibet, for slopes, the Hindu Kush gradually rises higher instance, borax is borne on the backs of sheep and higher, forming, amidst its frequent passes, over the mountains to Leli, Kangra, and Ramterraces of increasing height. After traversing pur on the Sutlej. Borax is found at Rudok, a series of such terraces, the mission reached in Changthan, of such excellent quality that the elevated Barian Valley (8,500 feet), near only twenty-five per cent. is lost in the process which are the Kaiu and Great Tran Passes of refining. The Rudok borax is carried on (13,000 feet). Passing the famous Bamian sheep to Rampur, which travel at the rate of idols, chiselled on the face of the rock, they two miles a day; but, notwithstanding the emerged from the last-named pass, and then superior quality and the demand for it in descended from the Ugly Pass into the Cabul | Europe, the expenses attending its transport Darya Valley, at a place three days' journey seriously hamper the trade, which, but for the from the capital of Afghanistan.

sheep, would hardly exist at all.

Fifth Series,

No. 1819.- April 26, 1879.

From Beginning,

Vol. CXLI.

195 204 213

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CONTENTS.
I. THE PROGRESS OF GREECE, .

Macmillan's Magazine,
II. SARAH DE BERENGER. By Jean Ingelow, Advance Sheets,
III. BOURBON,

Fraser's Magazine,
IV. THE BRIDE's Pass. By Sarah Tytler, au-

thor of "What She Came Through,” “ Lady
Bell,” etc. Part X.,

Advance Sheets,
V. ANCIENT EGYPT, Part II.,

Contemporary Review, .
VI. THE DUTIES OF IGNORANCE,

Cornhill Magazine,
VII. THE INTELLECTUAL STATUS OF THE ABO-
RIGINES OF VICTORIA,

Spectator,
VIII. The RUIN OF SZEGEDIN,

Spectator, IX. TOPIARY GARDENING,

Gardener's Magazine, X. THE HADDOCK,

Fishing Gazette,

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TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. For E1GHT DOLLARS, remitted directly to the Publishers, the LIVING AGR will be punctually forwarded for a year, free of postage.

An extra copy of The LIVING Age is sent gratis to any one getting up a club of Five New Subscribers.

Remittances should be made by bank draft or check, or by post-ofñce money-order, if possible. If neither of these can be procured, the money should be sent in a registered letter. All postmasters are obliged to register letters when requested to do so. Drafts, checks and money-orders should be made payable to the order of LITTELL & Co.

Single Numbers of The LiviNG AGE, 18 cents.

AN EASTER IDYL.

With the foot of the fawn she crossed the

lawn, A STRETCH of dull brown grass, with snow in

Half confiding, and half in fear; patches, Tall trees whose branches wave above the One blessed minute, then like the deer

And her eyes of blue, they thrilled me through, pond,

Away she darted, and left me here.
A faint upcurling smoke from cottage thatches,
A still, soft sky beyond,

Oh! sun, you are late at your golden gate, And a dim glow on the bare lilac hedges

For you've nothing to show beneath the sky A sense, a sound precursoring the spring,

To compare to the lass who crossed the grass

Of the shamrock field ere the dew was dry, — A fancied greenness by the footpath's edges, A robin's twittering,

And the glance that she gave me as she

went by.

THE AUTHOR OF “SONGS OF KILLARNEY.”. And the young earth, in hopeful introspection, Poised in her gloomy prison of the north,

Spectator. Waiting the full command of resurrection,

Awake, and stand thou forth!

a

day?

O earth-bound soul, hast thou no glad evan

gel,
No answering hymn to greet this new-born
Art thou so sepulchred that no bright angel

Can roll thy stone away?
Comes no assuring voice whose blest endear-

ments,
Can cleave the dark of thy sarcophagus ?
Why stand, uncertain, in thy worn-out cere-

ments,

A grave-clothed Lazarus ?
Stand forth — look up -see, om the heav.

enly meadows
What crown of joy awaits thy bended head !
Seek not a risen hope among the shadows,

The living mid the dead !

MORTALITY. (FROM THE SPECTATOR,” FEBRUARY 1.] How do the roses die ?

Do their leaves fall together,
Thrown down and scattered by the sky

Of angry weather?
No, – the sad thunder-stroke

O'ersweeps their lowly bower ;
The storm that tramples on the oak

Relents above the flower..

No violence makes them grieve,

No wrath hat, done them wrong,
When with sad secrecy they leave

The branch to which they clung.
They yield them, one by one,

To the light breeze and shower,
To the soft dew, cool shade, bright sun,
Time and the hour.

J. S. D.

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[TRANSLATION.)
Nostine fato quo pereant rosæ ?
Omnisne eadem copia frondium
Dejecta vastatur ruina, et

Sideribus spoliata iniquis ?

For He, whose “ Hail ! " with joyful recogni.

tion
Blest the sad women weeping where he lay,
With dear assurance of as full fruition,
Hath met it in the way.

A. B.

At fulminantis dira manus Jovis
Pæsti jacentis devia præterit,
Quercumque qui prosternit Eurus,

Flos, tibi deposuit furores.

IRISH SONG.

Non terret illas ira minantium,
Non insolenti vis rapuit manu,
Cum stirpe natali relicta

Cæca trahunt sua quamque fata.

[Air : “OH ! WOMAN OF THE HOUSE."] BEFORE the first ray of blushing day,

Who should come but Kitty Chan,
With her cheek like the rose on a bed of

Snows,
And her bosom beneath like the sailing

swan,
I looked and looked, till my heart was gone.

At defatigat sors sua singulas,
Seu carpat imber, seu Zephyrus levis,
Sol acer, umbrosumve frigus,

Ros tener, hora, diesve longa.
March 1.

H. M.

From Macmillan's Magazine. “Modern Greece.” Lastly, Mr. Lewis THE PROGRESS OF GREECE.

Sergeant, in his “New Greece," has esA STRUGGLE, equal in duration to the sayed a double task — to show statistically war which Homer sung, and in individual how far Greece has advanced, and to show valor not perhaps inferior, has at last drawn historically why it has advanced no further. to a glorious close ; and Greece, though Detailed criticism would be out of place her future destiny be as yet obscure, has here. Mr. Sergeant's book cannot fail to emerged from the trial regenerate and free. be useful in making the broad facts conLike the star of Merope, all sad and lustre- cerning Greece better known to the British less, her darkness has at length disap- public. It is the only compendium of peared, and her European sisters haste to recent information on Greece which exists greet the returning brightness of the beau- in English ; and we welcome it accordtiful and long-lost Pleiad." These are the ingly. closing words of a book which, since the In the following pages only a few of the appearance of Finlay's work, has probably salient points in the condition of modern had few English readers, Emerson's “ His- Greece can be noticed. The facts and tory of Modern Greece;" when they were views presented here are derived both written in 1830 Capodistria was still presi- from study and from personal observation. dent of the new State, and three years were They are offered merely in the hope that yet to pass before King Otho should some readers may be induced to seek arrive at Nauplia. During the half century fuller sources of knowledge regarding a which has nearly elapsed since then, “ the people who, by general consent, are desEuropean sisters" have not always been so tined to play a part of increasing imporgracious to "the long-lost Pleiad;" in- tance in the East. deed they have sometimes been on the The prosperity of Greece must always verge of hinting that the constellation depend mainly on agriculture. No queswhich they adorn would have been nearly tion is more vital for Greece at this moas brilliant without her. But at least there ment than that of recognizing the causes can no longer be any excuse for alleging which have checked progress in this directhat Greece has been a failure without tion, and doing what can be done to examining the facts. Her record is before remove them. It was with agriculture the world. The necessary statistics are as with every other form of national effort easy of access to anyone who may desire to in the newly established kingdom: it had form an independent judgment. The last to begin almost at the beginning. The few years have been especially fertile in Turks had left the land a wilderness. works replete with information on the po- The Egyptian troops in the Peloponnesus, litical, social, and economic condition of the after burning the olives and other inflamcountry. Amongst these may be men-mable trees, had cut down those which, like tioned the work of M. Moraitinis, La the fig-trees, could less easily be destroyed Grèce telle qu'elle est ; " the work of M. by fire. There was scarcely a family in Mansolas, “La Grèce à l'Exposition Uni- the country which had not lost some of its verselle de Paris en 1878;”the essay of M. members. The Greek peasantry was too Tombasis, “La Grèce sous le point de vue poor and too wretched to aim at more than agricole ; " and an interesting little book, a bare subsistence by the rudest methods full of information and of acute criticism, of husbandry. It should never be forgotby Mr. Tuckerman, formerly minister of ten in estimating what Greece has done in the United States at Athens,“ The Greeks this department, as in others during the of To-day." It is often instructive to com- last forty years, that in the earlier part of pare Mr. Tuckerman's observations with this period progress was necessarily very those made more than twenty years ago by slow. The first workers had to construct his countryman, Mr. H. M. Baird, who, everything for themselves, or even to undo after residing for a year at Athens and the work of the past before they could get travelling both in northern Greece and in a clear start. Hence, when the rate of the Morea, embodied the results in his recent progress is found to have been

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